C.Brook (Plymouth, UK) noticed that the east wall of this crater was brighter than the walls of nearby craters. Cameron comments that Foley says that this is normal and agrees. Cameron 2006 Catalog Extension ID= 433 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plinius 1937 Jul 27 UT 04:37 Observed by Haas (Alliance, OH, 12"? reflector) "E. end of c.p. varied in intensity at similar lighting conditions. Intensity was low est on this nite, being at I=5.0. Other nites were: Date Time col. I 6/23/37 0600 84 8.5 7/20/37 0200 58 6.0 7/22/37 0300 78 6.5 9/22/37 0700 114 6.0 9/24/37 0830 142 6.5 10/17/37 0100 59 8.5 10/21/37 0500 109 8.5 NASA catalog weight=4 (good) on this and the nights listed. NASA catalog ID #422. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Something resembling a cigar shaped shiny object seen on S rim - hanging over a smaller crater. It looked like a bright aluminum can in the sun & cast a shadow onto the rim. The length was 8-10 miles long x 1 mile wide at the central point. It appeared tapered to points at both ends. Observer studied it for several hours. S term. ~60-70miles away. Apparently not related to topog. Alt. 8deg. Cameron 2006 Extension catalog weight=3. ALPO/BAA catalog weight=1.
Aristarchus 1969 Dec 28 UT 00:24 Observed by Kilburn (England, 6" reflector x192) "Blink in same place as #1231. Very faint and large area." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1232.
Plato 1975 Jun 28/29 UT 23:00-01:20. Foley (Wilmington, UK, 12" reflector, seeing, III, good clarity transparency). At 23:00, 00:30, and 01:15 blue was seen on the inner wall:floor southern boundary, and red on the corresponding northern floor:wall boundary. However by 01:20, blue was now on the S-NW floor:wall boundary, and red on the NE-SE floor:wall boundary. Atmospheric spectral dispersion existed in many regions, but did not change like the colours in Plato. Similar appearance craters such as Grimaldi, Schickard, and Riccioli, were checked for a similar change in colour, but no change was noticed in these. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1975 Nov 15 UT 06:34 Observed by Rule (Edinburgh, Scotland, 4" reflector x36) "Blue patch in crater (similar to many of Bartlett's obs.?)" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1383.
Aristarchus 2004 Dec 02 UT 01:55-02:45 Observed by Brook (Plymouth, England, 60mm OG x120) "Fluctuation in the brightness and definition of A of about 1/4 to 1/2 minute period. Rest of field unaffected. Checked for cloud wih naked eye during fades - negative. Checked for misting and tear salt on eyepiece by shifting A around the field - negative." BAA Lunar Section report.
Aristarchus 2004 Dec 02 UT 03:00 Observed bt Michael Amato (West Haven, CT, USA, 127mm Maksutov, x123) "The brightness variation (as seen by Brook earlier) was very apparent. One thing never seen before by Amato was a thin short bright ray that extended out in the opposite direction as Aristarchus bright ray". The higher the Moon climbed in the sky the more obvious this short thin bright ray became. An ALPO report.
P.Foley (Nettlestead, UK, 12" reflector) noticed a translucent bluish glow in Earthshine coming from this crater, despite it being close to the nright terminator. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=200 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Marcus Price (Camberley, Surrey, UK) noted that Aristarchus was extremely bright. A 6" reflector was used. The Cameron 2006 Catalog ID is #98 and the weight is 1. The ALPO/BAA weight is 1 too.
Messier A 1976 Sep 15 UT 21:05 Observed by J.H-Robinson (Teignmouth, UK, 26cm Newtonian, Wratten 25 and 44a filters, x200, seeing very poor). Messier A was fainter than Messier in blue light. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2012 Oct 08 UT12:00 C. Hastorf (Chuck's Bobcat, AZ, USA, 5" SCT, seeing 3.5-4 out of 5). Strange lightness seen on shadowed floor of Plato. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1866 Jun 15 at UT21:30? Temple (Marseilles, France) observed Aristarchus crater to have a reddish-yelloow colour in the Earthlit part of the Moon. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=144 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1867 May 06 at UT 20:00-22:00 Tempel (Germany?) and Flammarion (France?) observed Aristarchus to be a reddish-yellow beacon-like light. Left (E. ?) side of crater very bright luminous point. The Cameron 1878 catalog ID=152 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1969 Dec 12 at UT 00:00-01:50 Celis et al. (Paso Hondo, Santiago, Chile, 10" refractor, x90, 3" refractor, x135, seeing=very turbulent and altitude low) observed star-like points on Aristarchus - these were much brighter than points seen in Herodotus. Formed irregularly and doubled for 1-2 sec duration. Cameron suspects atmospheric abberation? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1229 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1969 Dec 12 at UT 00:00-01:50 Celis et al. (Paso Hondo, Santiago, Chile, 10" refractor, x90, 3" refractor, x135, seeing=very turbulent and altitude low) observed star-like points on Herodotus - these were not as bright as those seen in Aristarchus. Formed irregularly and doubled for 1-2 sec duration. Cameron suspects atmospheric abberation? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1229 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1866 Jun 16 at UT21:30? Temple (Marseilles, France) observed Aristarchus crater to have a reddish-yelloow colour in the Earthlit part of the Moon. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=144 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1867 May 07 at UT 20:00-22:00 Tempel (Germany?) and Flammarion (France?) observed Aristarchus to be a reddish-yellow beacon-like light. Left (E. ?) side of crater very bright luminous point. The Cameron 1878 catalog ID=152 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Barker's Quadrangle (26W, 34S) 1949 Mar 03 UT 20:00 Observed by Moore (England, 12" reflector) "Whole area hazy. (in Capuanus? see Wilkins and Moore, The Moon, p124) (It may not be this identification as 3 of 4 obs. are in dark, some nr. FQ so doubtful it could be seen)." NASA catalog ID #516, weight=4. ALPO/BAA wight=2.
On 1982 May 26 at UT 20:25-20:40 Kalauch (Berlin?, Germany, 9" refractor, x60, T=1(best) and scintilation=2) found Aristarhus to be "very visible" in Earthshine - which was very clear. At 20:25 UT Aristarchus was seen to blink irregularly and then it attained magnitude 7 (red). Telescopes and eyepieces were changed but did not effect the appearance. It disappered at 20:40UT. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=168 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1965 Dec 27 at UT Bornhurst (Monterey Park, CA, USA, 10" reflector) and (Harris (Whittier? CA, USA, 19" reflector?) observed brightening of Aristarchus in Ashen light. Cameron says that this is an independent confirmation? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=918 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1981 May 08 at UT 00:00-00:45 B. Hobdell (St Peterburg, FL, USA, 2"? refractor) observed Aristarchus to be undergoing brightenings in Earthshine. Tha Cameron 2006 catalog ID=136 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1988 Dec 12 at 17:32 Middleton (Brighting on Sea, England, UK) was awaiting an occultation of star SAO 189425 at a PA of 45deg with respect to the north, when he spotted a "point of light flash up", disappear at the limb at a position angle about halfway between N. Cusps and star entry". Cameron wonders if this was ameteor in our own atmosphere, or on the Moon? The cameron 2006 catalog ID=341 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Lyell 1972 Nov 10 UTC 23:43 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3" refractor x54, x100, x200S=3, T=5) "At apparent center of floor & edge of morning shadow an elongated, N-S irreg. obj. dull whitish-gray, albedo=4 like a c.p. (photo in Kwasan atlas in 1963 taken at col. 339.3 deg has a faint suggestion of a bright spot in that place- (plate 20) LO IV66 h2 & 73 H2, sun elev. @ 20deg show an even, dark floor with a very small crater right in center -- unresolvable at earth. Kwasan photo's spot could be an artifact" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1349.
On 1983 Mar 19 at UT04:56-05:54 Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, 3.1" refractor, seeing=1-2 and transparency=4) observed that at 05:15UT Eimmart appeared fainter than the observing session began at 04:56 UT. There was also a bright flash on the north wall that "fluctuated at rate of 9s" Cameron comments that atmospheric blow ups were 11-12s. Louderback found that the TLP was seen in the blue filter but not in the red. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=207 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1986 Mar 15 UT 19:51-19:55 A. Cook (Frimley, UK, Naked Eye and 12" reflector, x60, seeing IV, transparancy poor) observed a naked eye flash at 19:50.5 UT in the Mare Nubium area. The flash was white in colour and lasted not longer than 0.5 sec and was about magnitude 2 at most in brightness. There was no rise or fade associated with this flash. Upon checking the area with the telescope, the observer reproted seeing a faint fuzzy small patch that came and went over several seconds in the same general area - but this may have been due to the seeing conditions and/or glare from the bright side of the Moon. The patch area was about the same size as Aristarchus, i.e. approx 40 km across. Note however that observing conditons were too poor that night to see Aristarchus. At later observing sessions from 20:30UT onwards, the patch was not seen. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1990 Jan 01 at UT 16:55-18:45 H. Miles (Cornwall, UK) observed that Aristarchus was seen in Earthshine at 16:55UT before the limb (was visible in Earthshine?). "1705 Aris>>1723 fading 1727 > again." Then: "1740 Aris << and just visible at 1845". Apparently Foley suspects that Aristarchus had brightened up before 16:55UT (shwen H. Miles started to observe) and then gradually retruned to normal. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=385 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1990 Jan 01 at UT 17:29 H. Miles (Cornwall, UK) observed that Copernicus had a faint glow in it. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=385 and the weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
E. of Picard 1909 Mar 26 UTC 19:15-20:20 Observed by Neate (England, 4" refractor x170) "Bright spot. (feature is similar to Linne. Rays difficult to see till high sun). Hazy ill-defined brighter in S. (Draw.)." NASA catalog weight=1 (low). NASA catalog ID #329.
On 1881 Sep 28 at UT 03:00 Day (Prescott, AZ, USA) observed a comet- like object pulling across the Mon. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=225 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
1951 Jan 13 UT 00:43 L.T.Johnson (USA) observed a faint flash near W limb in earthshine - just S of Grimaldi. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1991 Oct 14 at 04:12 UT M.A.L. Numi (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) observed that the crater Busching (20E,40S) underwent a sudden change. The 2006 Cameron catalog ID was 435 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1,
On 1994 Jun 14 UT 21:45-22:00 G.Rogers (Crendon, UK, 3" Zeiss refractor, sky conditions perfectly clear) reported seeing three very large whitish clouds against the Moon. The strongest seemed to "stem" from the vicinity of Santbech crater (crater identified the next day from an atlas), and was a milk chocolate colour near the stem. The other two large clouds were to the north - in the general area of Mare Fecunditatis and Mare Crisium though perhaps slightly further west and in contact with the terminator? The effect was confirmed (independently) by 4 other observers using the same telescope. The telescope was moved but the clouds remained in the same position over the Moon. This report comes from The Astronomer Jan 2013 p 230. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Kant 1873 Jan 04 UT 23:00? Observed by Trouvelot (Cambridge, Mass, 8" refractor) "Luminous puplish vapors" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #180.
On 1981 May 10 at UT02:16-03:12 B. Hobdell (St Peterburg, FL, USA, 2?" refractor, the Moon was at a very low altitude) found that the NNW wall of Aristarchus increased in brightness and extended to an arc of the east wall. There were bright flashes in roughly 2 minute intervals. There were also two yellow spots at 5 and 8 o'clock on the east wall. At 02:44UT a bright yellow flash was seen on the NNW rim and by 02:49UT the complete crater was very bright, inparticular on the western wall. Further bright flashes were seen at 02:52UT and at 03:11UT many bright blue points were seen. Finally an obsecuration was seen at 03:12UT. The observer checked for spurious colour but none was seen. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=137 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1872 Mar 15 UT 20:00? Observed by Webb? (England?, 9" reflector?) "Internal twilight in crater, same remarks as in # 173 -- could 8. be misprint in #173? Schmidt 2X saw cavity of Boussingalt feebly illum. at sunrise as tho filled with mist."NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #177.ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1983 Feb 18 at 19:00?UT P.W. Foley (Kent, UK) noted that the southern Mare Crisium appeared to be obscured by a pale grey haze. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=205 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Feb 18 at 19:00?UT P.W. Foley (Kent, UK) noted that Toricelli B was steel blue in colour and this spread 10-15 miles outside the crater. This was odd because Torricelli B was only 6 miles in size. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=205 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
SE of Ross D 1964 Feb 19 UT 03:00 Observed by Bender (Whittier, CA, USA, 19?" reflector) "Variations in the ring" NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID #800. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1789 Sep 26 at UT04:25? Schroter (Lillienthal, Germany) noted a bright point 26" north of Aristarchus crater. Note that the year might have been 1788? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=50 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Schroter, from Lillenthal in Gemany, in 1789 (possibly it was 1788) Sep 26 UT 04:30 saw a small nebulous bright spot on the northern edge of Mare Crisium. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=50 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1789 Sep 29 at UT04:25? Schroter (Lillienthal, Germany) noted 1'18.5" south east of plato was a whitish bright spot shining somewhat hazily, 4-5"in diameter and at 5th magnitude. He never saw this again. The spot became conspicuous at times and then disappeared. There was nothing else similar in Earthshine. Note that the year might have been 1788? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=50 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Menelaus 1976 Sep 01 UT 00:40 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" reflector, 45-300x) "Upper 1/2 of W.wall bright white (8deg). Lower 1/2 much duller at 4 deg & distinctly bluish-gray. Same as seen in Aris. & Grimaldi & thinks it is due local agency (gas?)." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1447.
On 1987 Nov 27 at 19:35-21:04 UT M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing IV-V) saw spurious colour on the crater floor and also on the rim. Two bright spots were seen on the west rim (the brightest one was on the NW rim). Saw >>N-NW lip 21:00UT blink in red. The was apparently confirmed by A.C. Cook (according to Cameron) at 21:04UT. The ALPO/BAA weight, in view of the poor observing conditions is 1.
On 1987 Nov 27 at 20:56-21:12 UT M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing IV-V) saw spurious colour on the Proclus floor and also on the rim. At 20:56UT Censorinus was quite dull and diffuse, spurious colour but no blink. Sketches made. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=314 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight, in view of the poor observing conditions is 2.
On 1983 Apr 19 at 21:45UT M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK) reported that Censorinus' exterior white patch was grayish at this time and there was a "momentary glow outisde the crater to the North West. The Crater Extinction Device brightness measurement for Censorinus was 4.0 whereas Proclus was 4.4. Cook was expecting a lower CED brightness measurement. Foley notes that Censorinus is usually brighter than Proclus. On 1983 Jan 29 Chapman obtained a very high brightness measurement for this spot. The Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=212 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Feb 19 at 20:00UT P.W. Foley (Maidstone, Kent, UK, 12" reflector) noticed a deep steel blue colour inside Toricelli B with a lighter colour about 10-15 miles outside. Foley came to the conclusion that this was too visible for its size. Cameron 2006 Catalog extension ID=206 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
2004 Nov 20 UT 03:12:29 R. Spellman (120mm F8.3 refractor at prime focus, PC23C CCTV camera, via a DVD recorder) recorded a flash of light. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Archimedes 1966 Mar 29 UT 21:00 Observed by Hill (England, 24" reflector, x250, S=E) "Brightening of E-W bands across floor. (Obscuration accord. to Moore)" NASA catalog ID #923. NASA catalog weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1987 Nov 28 UT at 20:14 (possibly earlier)-20:44 M.Mobberley saw the northern rim of Proclus very bright for first quarter. There were streaks half way up the wall and these seemed to vary in brightness and length in seconds. Seeing was at first suspected but became doubtful over this being a cause. There was also another bright streak that changed brightness over 5 minute intervals (Cameron says that this is not atmospheric) Apparently video was taken and confirms the effects. A sketch was also made. M. Cook detected a blink with coloured filters i.e. being brighter in red light (Also apparently confirmed by Louderback). Estimated the north west wall was x3 brighter than Censorinus. Censorinus itself varied in brightness as measured using CED devices. P. Foley decided that the north was was much brighter than Proclus (beyond the limits of the scale. However both Moore and Mason agreed that the north wall of Proclus was very bright but shimmering around in the bad seeing. They did not see any bright spots either. A.C. Cook (20:18-20:44UT) confirmed that the north wall of Proclus was very bright. Towards the end of the observing period the north wall had faded from this maximum brightness - Cameron suspects that this might have been as a result of an eyepiece misting up. The TLP was also observed by Foley (Maidstone, Kent, UK) and he reported: "Bright spot on north wall, Moon blink reaction". A BAA Lunar Section report with extracts from the 2006 Cameron catalog. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=315 and weight=4 (or 5?). ALPO/BAA weight=3. Apart from Louderback, all observers were based in the UK and had a vatiety of telescopes and observings conditions.
On 1987 Nov 28 M. Cook (Frimley, UK) found Censorinus varied in brightness as measured using CED devices. P. Foley decided that the north was was much brighter than Proclus (beyond the limits of the scale). However both Moore and Mason agreed that the north wall of Proclus was very bright but shimmering around in the bad seeing. They did not see any bright spots either. A.C. Cook (20:18-20:44UT) confirmed that the north wall of Proclus was very bright. Towards the end of the observing period the north wall had faded from this maximum brightness - Cameron suspects that this might have been as a result of an eyepiece misting up. The TLP was also observed by Foley (Maidstone, Kent, UK) and he reported: "Bright spot on north wall, Moon blink reaction". A BAA Lunar Section report with extracts from the 2006 Cameron catalog. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=315 and weight=4 (or 5?). ALPO/BAA weight=2. Apart from Louderback, all observers were based in the UK and had a vatiety of telescopes and observings conditions.
On 1986 Nov 09 at UT 23:00 Quinn (Glebview, IL, USA, 8" reflector, x49- x305) found īn the vicinity of an unnamed ridge points toward Pico- two bright points about 5 magnitudes brighter than any other part of the Moon. The Alpine valley points directly between these two points. "Came from apparently featureless area. Both points about the same size, but different shapes ~ width of alpine valley" The observer used 4 different eyepieces and the points were brightest in the lowest power. Other specks of light could be seen in the darkness wound the N point. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=289 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
In 1922 May 04 at UT Burnerd (England?) discovered three long mounds in Archimedes crater (rays?). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=385 and weight= 0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Alphonsus 1967 Feb 17 UT 17:47-18:12 Observed by Moore and Moseley (Armagh, Northern Ireland, 10" refractor, x300) "Eng. moonblink suspected just inside SW floor on the elevation NW of famous dark patch. Feb 18 was cloudy, then on Feb 19, after some neg. results with blink, suddenly a bright glow in same place." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1014. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1979 May 04 at 21:30-22:00UT Coates detected a star-like point inside Hipparchus L crater using averted vision. Cameron in her 2006 catalog extension comments that Hipparchus L is a highlands impact crater with a rille on the western ejecta blanket. The crater is the smallest one in a chain that are sequenced to be half the size of the previous crater in the chain. Apparently the largest crater in the chain is Hind with a largely landslide covered floor - although on the south is a dome? with a summit crater. Cameron's 2006 catalog extension gives this TLP an ID of 51 and a weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2003 Apr 10 at 00:40UT a GLR observer G. Jasmin (Quebec, Canada, using a 10" F-10 Schmidt Cassegrain) took a photograph of Alphonsus crater on Kodak 400ASA film with an exposure of 1/30th sec. There was a light visible (diameter 10 km) inside Alphonsus and the effect was present for 5 minutes. The observer commented that they have seen a light in this crater many times before, but never as long as 5 minutes. This report was submitted to the GLR group in Italy. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Feb 20 at 20:00UT P.W. Foley (Maidstone, Kent, UK, 12" reflector) noticed a deep steel blue colour inside Toricelli B with a lighter colour about 10-15 miles outside. Foley came to the conclusion that this was too visible for its size. Cameron 2006 Catalog extension ID=206 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
nr. Plato in Teneriffe Mountains 1854 Dec 27 UT 18:00-23:00 Observed by Hart & others (Glasgow, Scotland, 10" reflector) "2 luminous fiery spots on bright side on either side of a ridge, contrasting color. Seemed to be 2 active volcanoes. Ridge was normal color. Spots were yellow or flame color. Never seen before in 40 yrs. of observing." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #129. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1889 Jun 06 at 22:00 UT Lade of France (8" refractor) saw two extremely bright spots (Plato B & D). Cameron 1978 catalog ID=262 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Thaetetus 1952 Dec 24 UT 20:00? Observed by Moore (England?) "Bright spot, hazy line of light" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID 556. ALPO/BAA weigh=2.
Proclus 1976 Jul 06 UT 01:35 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3" refractor, 40-450x, S=6, T=3) "Nothing vis. on floor (albedo=2 deg?) (usually features are vis.)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high).NASA catalog ID #1437.
In 1952 Nov 26 at UT 01:00? Carle (USa, 8" reflector, x700, seeing = excellent) observed the following in Plato: "Sketch shows 8 spots -- 5 craters showed interior shad., 1 completely filled, but no others seen despite several hrs. of study. Spots that should have been seen were missing. poor seeing converts floor into shimmering shapeless blob. Has observed it under good seeing & seen nothing on fl. as others have noted". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=555 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1955 Aug 27 at UT 01:51 McCorkle (Memphis, Tennessee, USA, 6.5" reflector, x200) observed a 2nd magnitude bright flare on the dark side of the Moon. This remained steady, fading slightly before abruptly disappearing. Cameron suggests that this might have been a meteor. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=604 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Although the crater was on the night side, a small bright spot was seen. This was blue, almost UV, and equivalent to a star of magnitude 2. It flashed over intervals of about 30 seconds and changed in colour from UV to blue. The BAA Lunar Section TLP network was alerted. Mobberly and J.Cook did not see much although J. Cook may have seen something, but located else where? Cameron lists this as a confirmed? observation? The Cameron 2006 TLP xtension catalog has this TLP with an ID No. of 258 and a weight of 4. The ALPO/BAA weight is 2.
Ross D 1964 Apr 21 UT 04:23-05:01 Observed by the Capens (CA, USA, 16" and 6", seeing 3-5, transparency 5+) "Obscuration of its rim" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #808. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Apr 21 at UT 21:55-22:05 N. King (Winersh, Berkshire, UK, using a 150cm f/8 reflector, with seeing I and transparency good, little spurious colour, just a little in Plato). Although observing since 21:25UT the observer noticed a just detectable faint green colour just after the dark shade around the inner eastern crater rim. The effect faded and by 22:05UT had completely gone. This report is not in the Cameron 2006 catalog. It is a BAA report. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Alphonsus 2004 Feb 29 UT 19:00-19:15 Observed by Brook (Plymouth, England, 60mm OG x120) "Checked central peak of Alphonsus using 60mm OG x120 + right angle prism. Moon at very high elevation, seeing excellent once clouds had dispersed, transparency also excellent. Time of observation 19-00 hrs UT to 19-15 hrs UT. Noticed fluctuation of brightness of A's central peak compared with the peak of Arzachel. Alphonsus' peak generally brighter." BAA Lunar Section report. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Feb 21 at 20:00UT P.W. Foley (Maidstone, Kent, UK, 12" reflector) noticed a deep steel blue colour inside Toricelli B with a lighter colour about 10-15 miles outside. Foley came to the conclusion that this was too visible for its size. Cameron 2006 Catalog extension ID=206 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2010 Aug 19 at UT 00:50-01:02 J.Albert (Lakeworth, FL, USA, C11, Transparency 3, Seeing 7-8, 86F and very humid. Oberver checking out repeat illumination condition appearence for Tycho concerning LTP #468 in the 1978 Cameron catalog. Did not see the effect from the original TLP report, but did see, immediately at looking at Tycho a very faint hint of redness in a pencil thin arc (< 1/4 circumference of the rim) confined to the top of the rim of the well-lit north east wall. Coloured arc similar in thickness to Rupes Recta, but not as sharply defined. The outer (E) edge was perhaps sharper than the inner edge. The redness was more on the inside of the top of the rim. The outside of the rim was bright white. This effect was seen in three different eyepieces, at 311x, 224x and 400x. Checked for the effect on other craters nearby but could not see this effect anywhere else. The colour had dissapeared by 01:02UT. The fade took about 1-2 minutes. Observation of Tycho continued until 01:06UT, but all seemed normal. Quick checks were made again on Tycho periodically until 02:50UT but the colour was not seen again. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1979 Jul 03 at UT 20:55-21:20 J-H. Robinson (Teighmouth, Devon, UK, 10" reflector, seeing II) observed that Messier was brighter than Messier A. No colour was observed. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID is 58 and the weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Linne 1868 Jul 28 UT 20:00? Observed by Tacchini (Palermo, Italy) "Shadow not so marked-had a light penumbra, indicated a feeble cavity. Other craters had a black shad. On 29th appeared completely white. Crater normal on 26th. (letter to Madler Sep. 16, 1868)." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #159.
On 1964 Feb 22 at UT 05:00 Harris (Whittier, CA, 19" reflector, x100) observed the appearance of a ring to the south east of Ross D. Cameron says that 7 persons have seen this over a 2.5 year period. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=801 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
A region of the Mare Imbrium was extremely bright, giving a reading of 8 out of 10 on the Elger scale. Cameron notes that from photos of the Full Moon, the area appears to normally be the brightness of Archimedes floor i.e. 3.5 out of 10 on the Elger scale. Atmospheric seeing was excellent and the observer could see a lot of fine detail with their 2.4" and 3" refractors. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=62 and weight=3.
2004 Jan 02 UT 09:05 (approx) M. Collins (Palmeston North, New Zealand, ETX 90, seeing 3, clear) saw a possible(?) flash north of Carlini D at about 16W, 35N in adverted vision. It lasted only a split second. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
The UT given in the Cameron 2006 extension catalog are: 20:58, 23:25- 02:20 and 01:40-04:00, however it is not clear what UT applies to which of the observers or the two features reported as having TLP on that night. On 1984 Feb 12-13 Marshall (South Anerica, seeing=III-II) noticed that Moltke was very bright with a fuzzy violet hue - he had never seen it like this before. Cameron 2006 catalog extension TLP ID= 240 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
The UT given in the Cameron 2006 extension catalog are: 20:58, 23:25- 02:20 and 01:40-04:00, however it is not clerr what UT applies to which of the observers or the two features reported as having TLP on that night. On 1984 Feb 12-13 Marshall (South Anerica, seeing=III-II) saw initially no craterlets in Plato, despite the Moon being at a high altitude. At 01:45UT the northwest corner of Plato was red. Again no other craterlets showed. He found the surrounding wall to be too bright and this was confirmed by Crater Extenction Device readings and had problems focussing on the crater. By 02:00-02:50UT he noticed variability in the visibility of the craterlets. By 03:48UT the central craterlet was much brighter than before and the crater doublet had brightened but the southern craterlet was still invisible. Cameron comments that Marshall was a very experienced observer. A. Cook (of Frimley, UK) obtained a photodiode line scan image of Plato. The brightness of the north west wall was brighter than the bright area on the west wall. Marshall and Mosely both saw a dark area on the floor of Plato close to the south wall (from clock position of 11 o'clock. There was a prominent white spot on the floor and the central craterlet was seen, but only under good conditions. Mosely does not discuss the west and north west wall brughtnesses that were seen earlier by Cook and Marshall. Cameron 2006 catalog extension TLP ID=240 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK) got an abnormally low brightness reading for Proclus, despite nearby Censorinus being normal. Crater Extinction Device used. The Cameron 2006 Extension catalog ID was 163 and the weight was 3. The ALPO/BAA weight was 2 too.
Plato 1976 Sep 04 UT 02:35-03:35 Observed by Porter (Sarragansett?, Rhode Island, USA, 6" reflector x100, S=5, T=?) "At 0235h albedo of floor was est. at 3. At 0325h the pt. was albedo =1, 2 whole steps darker than earlier & noticeable to the obs. 10-15 min later it returned to normal. (the few meas. of albedo for this age were 1.5-2 which suggests that the meas. of 3 was the anomalous one. Another pt. did darken -- as reported). NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1448. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1988 Dec 18 at UT20:25 W. Cameron (Sedona, AZ, USA - TV camera telephoto) noticed on a live TV shot of the Moon (apparently channel 3 TV broadcast at 11:25PM local time), that Proclus was brighter than Censorinus (or Dionysus) and was the brightest feature on the Moon. It was photographed from San Juan in Puerto Rico. Cameron 2006 catalog ID= 342 and weight=. ALPO/BAA weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Ross D vicinity 1964 Apr 22 UT 05:43-0637 Observed by Cross et al. (Whittier, CA, USA, 19" reflector, x800-1200 & filters, S=7- 8, T=1) "Gas cloud over it & its companion; everywhere else was fine detail" NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #809. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Daniell 1979 Jul 04 UT 20:40-21:19 Observed by Saxton (UK?, 216mm refractor?, seeing III, transparency: Good) "noticed that the east end of Daniell was bright and fuzzy and had somewhat poorly defined edge to the bright part. A sketch was made, and possibly shows the same as in past reports" BAA Lunar Section Report. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=59 and weight=3. Observer located in Leeds, England and used a 9" reflector x250. Seeing=III and transparency=good. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
H. Davies (Llamandel, Swansea, UK, using a 3" refractor, detected a short duration reddish hue along the inner NE-NW? rim (4-7 O'Clock location. Sketch supplied to Foley (BAA coordinator). No similar effect seen elsewhere. A.C. Cook (Frimley, UK) detected spurious colour on several craters, including Plato that night. Cameron 2006 Catalog Extension ID= 337 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Colour seen, mostly blueness on south rim and exterior of south rim at Bullialdus crater. Blueness seen too on Plato on inner SSW rim, but no colour reported on any other craters. Seeing III, 12" reflector used x200 and x360.
Colour seen, mostly blueness on inner SSW rim. Blueness also seen on south rim and exterior of south rim at Bullialdus crater. No colour reported on any other craters. Seeing III, 12" reflector used x200 and x360.
Arsyukhin and others (Moscow, USSR), with naked eye and binouculars saw three dark spots suddenly appear on Mare Crisium and disappear approximately 30 minutes later. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=145 and catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Arsyukhin and others (Moscow, USSR), with naked eye and binouculars saw TLP activity in Plato that Cameron thinks confirms what UK observers saw later. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=145 and catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Alphonsus 1967 Feb 19 UT 20:30-21:11 Observed by Moore, Moseley (Armagh, Northern Ireland, 10" refractor, x360) "Blink area between 1900 & 1940 with neg. results. Suddenly at 2030 there was a bright red glow, brightest Moseley had ever seen, at Feb 17 suspectec place. Moore returned at 2037h in time to see fading effect. Brief return at 2105-2111; neg. from 2120-2250h then clouds. Nothing on Feb 20. confirmation)." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1016. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Alphonsus 1966 Apr 01 UT(?) 03:00-03:20 Observed by Jenning, Harris (Coral Estates, CA, USA, 12" reflector) "Red patch from c.p. to W. wall (no confirm. from Corralitos obs. moon blink device & obs. at that time)" NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #924. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
In 1872 Mar 19 at UT 23:17 an unknown observer observed in Sinus Iridum: "Covered with a light gray shadow thru which he saw dimly the surface below - indicating obscuring matter over it. (Cameron says: only w. 1/3 of bay would be in shadow as boundaries are 25-37W)". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=178 and the weight=3.
Aristarchus, Schroter's Valley, Herodotus 1881 Aug 06 UT 00:00? Observed by Klein (Cologne, Germany, 6" refractor, 5" reflector) "Whole region between these features appeared in strong violet light as if covered by a fog spreading further on 7th. Examined others around & none showed effect. Intensity not altered if Aris. placed out of view." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #224. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1982 Jun 02 UT 22:00. Mobberley could not see the central craterlet on the floor of Plato tonight. Foley notes that he could only just see the central craterlet on nights of 2-5th Jun and it was of reduced in brightness from normal. North reported that the floor seemed nearly black, but brighter in a green filter (x144 magnification used). All three observers compared the Plato area to other areas for reference. All the above seems normal, apart from the floor being brighter in the green filter. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID 170 and weight=5. BAA/ALPO weight=1.
A blue tinge was seen inside and outside the crater perimeter. The surrounding halo lost brightness that was observed on 1993 Jan 29. Observed on Apr 19, 20 and 28th. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=213 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1990 Jan 07 at UT 20:20-20:58 G.North (Herstmonceux, UK) thought that he detected dullness in Torricelli B crater - Cameron comments that this cannot be shadow). The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=386 and the weight=3. ALPO\/BAA weight=2.
Brilliant blue color seen at first for seconds, later for min 2h later, in blue filter. Cameron 1978 catalog weight=4 (high). Cameron 1978 catalog ID 572.
Tycho 2971 Nov 28 UT 21:58-22:05 observed by D.B. Taylor (Dundee, UK, darker area inside the crater (NE and SE floor) in a Moon Blink device. However the observer does not report through which filter ir was darker. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1971 Oct 30 UT 19:35-20:55 E.Watkins (Braintree, UK, 4.5" reflector, x45,x150, x225), thought he saw a faint patch at 19:35 and it still was visible at 19:40. At 19:50-19:55 he saw what may have been the remainder. At 20:55 he noticed a shadow in the area. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus, Schroter's Valley, Herodotus 1881 Aug 07 UT 00:00? Observed by Klein (Cologne, Germany, 6" refractor, 5" reflector) "Whole region between these features appeared in strong violet light as if covered by a fog spreading further on 7th. Examined others around & none showed effect. Intensity not altered if Aris. placed out of view." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #224.
Observed by Haas (Las Cruces, NM, USA) "Temporary greyness seen in interior shadow." ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1955 Oct 28 at UT 00:06 W. Taylor saw a naked eye flash on the Moon in the north east area, on the edge of Mare Vaporum. The flash was intense and radiated to a large area. The duration was 1/4 seconds.
On 1965 May 12 at UT 22:20 H. Miles (UK) found a possible obscuration in Bailly crater. Most of the region was as sharp as normal, but the central area was greyish and blurred. Although the observer concerned considered themselves a non-experienced observer, another BAA Lunar Section observer saw the same effect. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1981 Mar 17 UT 22:40-23:25 Observed by Moore (Selsey, England, 15" reflector, seeing III) "Aristarchus very bright according to Crater Extinction Device and a coloured blink detected" BAA Lunar Section TLP report. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus Area 2004 Nov 22 UT 04:58-05:49 Observed by Gray (Winemucca, NV, USA, 152mm f/9 refractor, seeing 4-5, trasparency 4-5, x114, x228) "Blinked Herodotus with Wratten filters Blue 38A and Red 25. The illuminated west crater wall stood out brilliantly in blue light, much more so than in white light. This was true also of Aristarchus. Red light did not increase contrasts in Herodotus any more than they were in white light. Shadows in Herodotus appeared as black as the night west of the terminator and remained that way throughout the observing period. No TLP seen in Herodotus tonight. A possible TLP was seen to the west of Herodotus near the terminus of Schroters Valley. It was noted at the beginning of the observing period that there were four very bright spots of light, one near the end of Schroters Valley, the other three grouped together a little farther north. Although not far from the terminator they were definitely east of it. It was noted that all of them nearly vanished in the Blue 38A filter while Aristarchus and the rim of Herodotus gleamed brilliantly. At 5:19UT it was noted that the most brilliant of the four lights, the one near the terminus of Schroters Valley, had faded almost to invisibility in white light. When first seen it had been brighter than Aristarchus. It remained very dim after this through the remainder of the observing period, and was unchanged at 7:35-7:49UT when I again examined the area. The other three bright spots remained brilliant and unchanged."
Aristarchus 1973 Aug 10 UTC 20:14 observed by Baumeister (48.63N, 9.25E, 110mm reflector, T=2, S=2) "Orange to red colours at the crater floor disappeared until 21:04" - Hilbrecht and Kuveler, Earth, Moon & Planets, 30 (1984), p53-61. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1973 Aug 10 UT 22:45 observed by Robinson (Devon, UK). Observer noticed that the lighter areas on the floor were more distinct in red than in the blue filter. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
All observers saw a blue tinge seen inside and outside the crater. Marshall observed a bright spot in the middle of the crater floor and thought perhaps that it was a central peak. No central peak can be found on Lunar Orbiter images. Cameron 2006 Catalog extension ID=214 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Proclus 1976 Sep 06 UT 02:00 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" reflector 45-300x, S=3, T=5) "Nothing vis. on floor of 2deg brightness. Usually floor ray & Proc. A are vis. at this col. & c.p. is 5 deg bright. (must have been 2 deg tonite)." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1450.
Gassendi 1939 Aug 27 UT 02:00 Observed by Haas? (NM? USA, 12" reflector?) "NE part of c.p. was I=6.4, compared with I=9.4 on 9/28/39 (see #462) under similar cond.@ NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID# 458.
Cobra Head, Aristarchus 1964 Feb 25 UT 02:37-02:38, 02:39-02:42 Observed by Budine (Binghamton, New York, USA, 4" refractor, x250, S=6, T=4) "Red flashes" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID # 802.
Proclus 1972 Dec 17 UTC 18:30 Observed by Farrant (Cambridge, England, 8.5" reflector) "Crater appeared very bright (Apollo 17 Watch)." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1359.
Blanco, J. Vidal, of Gijon, Spain (3" refractor x72) noticed an unfamiliar very bright center near to Encke. Cameron suspects that this was Encke B crater on the basis that it is a prominent small crater near to Encke. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=410 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Daniell 1979 Jul 06 UT 21:15-22:30 Crick (Belgium, 6" reflector, Seeing=II and transparency=good.) noticed obscuration on a bright spot on the south east wall. This spot was quite prominent through a red Wratten 25 filter. The floor was very dark. Other craters were checked and were normal. A sketch was supplied and the position was the same as in other earlier reports. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=60 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1987 Feb 10 UT 21:05-22:10. M. Cook (Frimley, UK), "NE ray distinct & also floor E of it, not distinct as on Dec 13 & Jan 11, while March 10, 11 & 12 seen by Price, North, Peters, Foley & M Cook, where rim was clear and sharp." - quote from the 2006 Cameron Catalog extension - TLP ID=297 and weight=5. Cameron gives the observers confirming this TLP as: M. Cook, G. North and Davies. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
In 1949 Nov 03 UT 01:06 J.Bartlett (3.5" refractor, x100) noted that the floor of Herodotus was very dark, the east wall was very bright, and the floor contained a central bright peak. The BAA/ALPO weight=3.
Kepler 1954 Nov 07 UT 23:20 Observed by F.A. Lugo (Caracus, Venezuela, 3.5" scope x125) Bright red star=like point just outside E.wall - visible for an hour. NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #580. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristillus 1972 Dec 17 UTC 21:50-22:20 observed by Berger (51.5N, 9E, 60mm refractor, T=2, S=3) "Diffuse bright cloud in the NE corner of the crater" - Hilbrecht and Kuveler, Earth, Moon & Planets, 30 (1984), p53- 61.
On 1993 Sep 28 at UT 04:30-06:10 S.Beaumont (Cambridge, UK)observed that the north east edge of Herodotus appeared as a "highland area spilling over into" the Cobra's Head border or "overlook". The shadow on the elevation was contiguous with a similar shadow over the Cobra's Head "like a darkening of the terrain. Shadow appears softer diffused without sharp bounds of most Lunar shadows. sketch. S. edge of crater started to appear at 0615". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=468 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1 as the date or UT are wrong.
Plato 1972 Oct 19 UT 20:10 Observed by Taylor, Phillips, Ford, Kennedy (Dundee, Scot. 10" refractor) "Taylor noted a slight blink on NW wall. Ford said it was neg. Phillips was not sure. Taylor returned to telescope & no blink. Kennedy reported neg." NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1347.
Amery (Reading, England) saw blue in Aristarchus but a photograph did not show the colour. Foley thinks this was spurious colour. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=27. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Peter Foley observed a tiny yellow-brown region close to the tip of the cape, north east of the precipitous west edge, in the face of the north facing slope. The area concerned was diffuse and varied in density despite the surroundings not varying. Foley notcied no colour elsewhere on the Moon, though Amery thought that he saw some in Aristarchus, but Foley thinks this was spurious. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=27 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Flashing spot at end of SV fluctuated. Herzog, Darling & Weier confirmed spot but not fluctuation. Spot brighter in red than blue, but Cobra Head was bright in blue. No other region was abnormal.
Aristarchus-Cobra Head, 1967 Nov 15 UT 05:40-06:00 Observed by Cross, Tombaugh (Las Cruces, NM, 12" reflector x800) and Harris (Tucson, AZ), and Dunlap (Organ Pass, NM, 24" reflector with Moonblink). "Obs. reddish color N. & E. of Aris. & more intense color nr. E.(IAU?) rim of Cobra Head. Red color nr.C.H. confirmed by Tombaugh. Obtained 10 photos between 0543-0549h in 3 spectral bands (blue, yellow, red, & integ. light). No change dur. obs. per. but spot got smaller at moments of good seeing. Isodensitometry of photos. At Corralitos 0152-0155 on 24- in image intensifier & filter sys. photoos at 0320-0330h. Harris at Tucson got spectra. Neither of latter 2 show anything unusual. Its edges were nebulous even at best seeing. Size @ that of Cobra's Head." NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #1053.
Peter Foley (Kent, UK, 8" reflector, seeing=II) noticed that the floor beneath the north wall, and the area over the north wall were indistinct (almost out of focus). Despite looking elsewhere in the crater and surrounds, no other blurring (obscuration of detail) could be seen, indeed everywhere else was sharp and detailed. Foley tried several eyepieces but this made no difference. He used a crater extinction device but found no variations in brightness. There was a slight darkening when he used a red filter in the Moon Blink device. The obscuration effect weakened between UT20:56 and 21:10, was difficult to see at 21:13 and had finished by 00:15. Patrick Moore (12" reflector, Dublin, Ireland) saw nothing unusual when he started observing at UT 22:00. Cameron says "Photos marked at location of phenomenon". Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=37 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1821 Jan 16 at UT 21:00 S. Cooke (Stonehouse, UK) An effusion of smoke effect, which lasted about a minute, seen. It appeared like the fluttering of a bird and passed over the Moon before it evaporated, and must have been foreshortened, as it seemed in effect to have passed over the whole disc, starting from west of Menelaus, and near Plinius. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Louderback observed that the south west wall was a creamy deep yellow. There was also strong fluorescent blue on the west wall of the Cobra Head - Schroter's Valley area and this was similar to the violet glare seen on Aristarchus at times. Violet was seen between Aristarchus and the Cobra Head. Seeing coditions were poor. Brightening of a point near C occurred roughly every 10-15 seconds and lasted 0.5 sec - (Cameron concludes that this was not due to the Earth's atmosphere). A 0.2 step drop in brightness was seen on point A (twin spots). Point C had reduced by 0.6 steps. Elsewhere was stable in brightness. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=281 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus normal in red and blue filters however the Cobra Head part of Schroter's Valley was brighter in blue. Indeed it was very dull in red - Louderback says that this was not surprising as the whole areas around Aristarchus is brighter in blue. Louderback is an experienced observer of the Aristarchus area of more than 10 years. Cameron 2006 extended catalogID=63 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Manilius 1939 Jun 30 UT 06:05 Observed by Haas (NM?, USA, 12"? reflector) "Dark area in S. part was I=2.0 but was I=3.7 on 7/30/39. Obs. conditions were very similar." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #449.
Plato 1873 Apr 10 UTC 21:00? Observed by Schmidt (Athens, Greece, 6" refractor) "Under high sun, 2 faint clouds in E. part of crater."
Aristarchus 1975 Sep 18 UT 21:00? Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 12" reflector) "Deep blue-viol. spot in NW (IAU?) interior corner." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1414. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Mare Humboldtianum 1951 Jan 21 20:47-22:00 UT observed by Baum (Chester, England). The appearance of some mountains on the limb appeared to change over time, with some mistiness. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1937 Jul 22 UT 06:20 Observed by Haas (Alliance, Ohio, USA, 12" reflector?) "Floor distinctly greenish, but was gray on June 23, 1937 at 0430 & col.84 (normal?)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #421. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1982 Jun 05 at 22:00? UT, Chapman (UK, using a 12" reflector), again using a x2 yellow filter, noticed that the central craterlet detectabilty changed such that sometimes it was visible and sometimes not. Foley (Kent, UK)noticed that the central craterlet could only just be seen between June 2 to June 5 and was much less discernable than during the previous lunation. No CED brightness measurements made. The floor of Plato was noted to be very dark though. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=172 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1965 May 15 UTC 01:40-02:15 Observed by Weresuik, McClench, Johnson (Pt. Tobacco, MD, USA, 16" reflector x240, S=F, T=G) and Delano (Massachusetts, USA, 12" reflector). "Crater had color(red?) detected by Trident MB & photos were obtained. There were pulsations. Delano saw E. wall of crater unusually bright (confirm. if at same time)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #876.
Eratosthenes 1976 Sep 08 UTC 04:29 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" reflector 45-225x, S=5-4, T=5) "Psuedo-shadow X3 was present but X disappeared from wall(same intensity?) which was rated 4 deg. Disappearance of X so unexpected that he examined inner S wall very carefully & was certain it was free from psuedo-shad. Had vanished within 24h. Other pseudo-shadows showed no change. X reappeared next nite. (X must have been 4deg; &this is much higher than any other meas.). Variability of wall shadows may habe been what Pickering saw, suggests Bartlett." Cameron 1978 TLP catalog weight=4 and catalog ID 1452. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Madler 1940 Sep 16 UT 02:10 Observed by Haas (New Mexico? USA, 12" reflector?) "Bright spot on S. rim was I=5.8 comp. with 8.9 on Aug 17 (see #470)." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID # 473. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1973 Aug 13 UT 22:25-22:35 observed by Pedler (Devon, UK). Observer noticed a slight blink on a lighter patch on the floor just beneath the south(?) rim using Moon blink filters. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
David Darling observed bright glittering on Aristarchus. This was followed by a flare up in brightness at 00:38:05 UT in the comet-like ray area of the crater equivalent in intensity to the central peak. Then he saw another one on the north east rim of Aristarchus of the same brightness. A third flare was seen at 00:49UT in south of Herodotus, on the comet-like ray. Another two flares were observed at 00:56UT on the north west rim of Aristarchus. Darling suspects that these effects were due to seeing effects and Cameron agrees. However Weier suspects that they were TLP? Brightness measurements by Weier were for the south west rim of Herodotus 8.0, for a spot at the Cobra's Head 9.0 and 7.5 for C.H. Cameron apparently did not see the flashes but did suspect that the interior of Aristarchus was a bit unusual. Don Spain did not see anything unsual at all. Cameron 2006 extended catalog ID=380 and the observation weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Kepler 1962 Jul 17 UTC 06:24,08:36 Observed by Wildey, Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector+photometer) "Crater was at Vmag 2.68 at earlier obs. which was .47 mag brighter than av. mag. at 15d & it faded to near normal at later time to V=3.10(photom. measures), a change of 1/2 mag. or @1.5 times in brightness" NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #761.
On 1978 Aug 18 at UT 22:00 Coates (England?, UK, 3" refractor, seeing=II) found that the inner bands of Aristarchus were hard to see, this was odd because the seeing conditions were good and he usually sees them? However he did not believe that there was any obscuration going on. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=37 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1967 Dec 16 UTC 22:00? Observed by Farrant (Cambridge, England, 8" reflector) "Crater took on an unusual appearance on inner NE (ast. ?) wall. Showed a very pale blue & the opposite wall a pale red color seen in no other features. Lasted only 10m & survived a change of eyepieces." Seeing=I (Antoniadi). NASA catalof weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1056.
On 1893 Apr 01 at UT 22:00 deMoraes of the Azores, Portugal, saw a shaft of light projecting from the Moon. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=280 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Manillus 1955 Aug 03 UTC 21:00 Observed by Firsoff (Sommerset, England, 6.5" reflector, x200) "Maniluus very bright in all colors, especially blue, extraordinarily so" NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #602.
Timocharis 1955 Aug 03 UTC 21:00 Observed by Firsoff (Sommerset, England, 6.5" reflector, x200) "Crater was bright in blue, seemed large & diffused." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #602.
Mare Crisium 1962 Jul 18 UTC 09:54 Observed by Wildey & Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector + Photometer) "Photometric meas. showed change in brightness of the area of over a mag. during the nite. Recorded at Vmag=3.56 first, & a few min(?) later at 4.62. It was .95 mag. brighter (@2.5x) than av. for that age & then returned to normal." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #762.
On 1992 Jul 16 at UT 03:32-09:31 D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, 3" refractor, x134) detected yellow on the southern rim of Aristarchus, and the colour looked "darker" through a yellow filter and the region was "duller" than normal. The region was 1 intesnsity step brighter on the 2nd measurement, "on all points in it". The comet tail-like ray had 3 sections and was "mottled" in appearance. Finally the Cobra Head region had possible variations in brightness. The cameron 2006 catalog ID=451 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Gassendi 1940 Sep 18 UTC 03:15 Observed by Haas (New Mexico? 12" ? reflector) "Largest bright spot in SE part of floor had I=6.1, but I=6.7 & 8.6 on other nites. (same ph. see #469, 472 & 475)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #474. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
East of Picard 1864 Oct 16/17 UT 23:00-01:00? Observed by Ingall (Camberwell ?, UK) "Remarkable bright spot" NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #135. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1954 Nov 12 UTC 02:20-03:05 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, S=5-6, T=3-4) "Blue-violet glare on EWBS & whole length of E. wall. Suspected viol. tint on VA; uncertain @ m" NASA catalog weight=4. This had faded later by 05:07. NASA catalog ID #582. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Mare Crisium 1962 Jul 19 UTC 09:48 Observed by Wildey & Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector + Photometer) "Photometric meas. showed change in brightness from Vmag=3.46 to V=3.07, where av. mag. for that age=3.26, or a brightening of .58 mag." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #763.
On 1965 May 18 at UT 03:00-03:30 Cragg (Mt Wilson?, CA, USA, 6" refractor?) observed a TLP (no feature nor description given in the Cameron 1978 catalog) on the Moon. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=877 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1990 Jan 13 at UT 22:15-23:05 J. Pedler (Bristol, UK, seeing=III and transparency=excellent, no spurious colour) detected a blue region on the north of Aristarchus, varying in sharpness/diffuseness. The crater rim in this region could not be descerned. Eleswhere the crater rim was normal as too were other features. When a Moon blink device was used, no colour blink was detected, however through the blue filter the suspected area was bright and the crater rim indistinct. Whereas through the red filter the area looked perfectly normal. At 22:30UT the effect had vanished and everywhere was normal. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=388 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Four bright spots seen in Mare Crisium. There was also peculiar behaviour of the terminator. Source: Midlehurst 1968 catalog TLP ID=16. Ref Web 1962 p62-76. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1956 Jul 25 UTC 06:16-06:33 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector, x180, S=3-5, T=4) "C.p. distinctly vis. within floor shadeo, est. 5 deg bright but no trace of it at col. 122.37deg in Oct, '55(Oct. 4?)." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #645. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1990 Jan 14 at UT 01:14-01:55 M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing=poor) observed that Aristarchus did not appear normal for this illumination. the northern half of Aristarchus was "2x>" than the southern half of the crater. There were two white patches of apron material near to the crater Herodotus that were 50% of the brightness of the southern half of Aristarchus. Furthermore the southern half of Aristarchus had a circle - "dull patch on inner S wall with a bright point shining through it. (Bartlett's EWBS?)". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=389 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1980 Mar 04 at UT10:30-10:34 D. Darling (Sun Prairie, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x344) detected a pin-point light in the shadowed area of Mare Crisium that varied in brightness then faded. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=84 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Gassendi 1940 Sep 19 UTC 06:00 Observed by Haas (New Mexico, 12?" reflector) "Largest bright spot in SE part of floor, had I= 6.7, but 6 for last nite & 5.6 on others (see #'s 469, 472, & 474)." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #475. ALPO/BAA weight=2.