On 1955 Jan 05 at 01:00-01:30 UT D.A. Logue (Larchment, PA, USA, 15cm reflector at x340, seeing Good) saw a strange blue light above the surface of the Moon where the night and the day meet. He observed this light for more than 30 min and it did not appear to move. It appeared like a star in that the rays of light came from it. The observer adds that he first thought thst the objects was a star, but later decided that it had to be on the Moon itself. A drawing shows the blue spot near the rugged south west (IAU?) limb of the Moon. The editor of the Strolling Astronomer (Vol 8, No. 11-12, Nov-Dec 1954, p146) was unable to identify the craters drawn. The editor speculates that the observer saw a high mountain peak with its summit in sunlight and detached from the illuminated regions - however this would not explain the blue colour. Note this is an ALPO observation and does not apear in the Cameron catalogs. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1964 Jun 21 at UT 03:43-05:44 Harris, Cross and Helland (Whittier, CA, USA, 19" reflector) observed south of Ross D: "Moving dark area". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=819 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Gassendi 1966 May 30 UT 20:32-20:59 Observed by Sartory (England, 8.5" reflector + filters) "Orange patch & obscuration -- detected by Eng. moon blink system. Color seen visually."NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #941.
On 1982 Aug 01 at 00:00-01:00 K. Marshall (Medellin, Columbia, 12" reflector, seeing I-II) noted shading on the east floor of Plato that was apparently lighter than the rest of the floor and this was seen at both low and high magnifications. Foley notes that this was unusual. There were three craterlets visible on the floor - the central one was the brightest. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=178 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
A.S.Williams of West Brighton, UK, using a 5.25" Calver, x150 and definition fairly good. Observer noticed that the Mare seemed covered with a close network of innumerable streaks, and spotted with countless numbers of light specks, so that it would hardly be possible to delineate them all in one night. The spots and streaks together must have numbered ~1000. The observer had never seen anything like the number of spots and streaks. Peirce A, was not at all easy to se and neighboring spots almost as bright made it difficult to distinguish which one was Peirce A. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1976 Apr 10 at 21:15-21:49UT S.Spencer (60mm refractor x60, seeing quite good) noticed a faint red glow at the south west wall of Gassendi covering a span of about 35 deg arc. The observer had some doubts about this because they were using a small telescope, but thought that they ought to report it, just in case. A BAA Lunar Section report. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1985 May 30 at UT 20:10-23:54 P.Moore (Selsey, UK, 15" reflector) and at the same time Doherty (Sussex, UK, 15" reflector) observed a strangely bright and pink/red north rim of Aristarchus crater during UT20:20 and 20:36UT. The effect reduced between ~20:39 and 20:44UT. M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK) found the northern wall to have a red/purple colour but the effect vanished after 50 minutes. Cook also saw a "V"- like notch in the NW crater shadow and this appeared to be bigger than normal. G. North (Sussex, UK) saw a tinge of pink colour on the northern rim and a bit later a "ruby red" colour on the north-west wall - again this effect lasted 50 minutes. Moseley verified the colour. Finally M. Hather (Yorkshire, UK) suspected the north wall of Aristarchus to be blue in colour. Cameron suspects that this TLP is not spurious colour because it is in the wrong place. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=276 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1982 Aug 01 at UT20:50 M. Mobberley (Suffolk, UK, 14" reflector, seeing III-IV) found that LaPlace A was significantly more prominent than usual - comparisons were made with photographs in books. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=178 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1993 Jun 02 at Ut 04:30-05:45 S. Beaumont (Cambridge, UK) saw that the shadow of the Cobra's Head in Schroter's Valley was lighter and more diffuse seen at user defined locations of C or B rim (these were black versus medium gray for Cobra's Head). The TLP had vanished by 05:45UT. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=462 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1 because the date or time is wrong.
On 1984 Nov 05 at UT18:00 Marshall (England) noted that there was no normal brightening on the floor just next to the southern most craterlet. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=251 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1994 Apr 23 at UT02:41 D. Fryback (Madison, WI, USA) observed a starlike flash in Alphonsus crater. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1994 Apr 23 at UT 03:30 the US Navy Clementine Spacecraft, in orbit around the Moon, obtained images of the Cobra Head region of Aristarchus crater that suggested a ~15x colour ratio increase (0.4 microns / 1.0 microns) in comparison with images obtained on 1994 Mar 03. This was presented as a poster paper 18.04 at AAS 31st DPS meeting. However it was later suggested that this was due to incorrect radimetric calibration procedures being followed. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2004 May 01 at UT 22:20 R. Lena (GLR, Italy) received an image from one of his observers showing possible blue colour in Aristarchus crater and part of the ray towards Herodotus. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus, Schroter's Valley 1963 Dec 28 UTC 01:15-02:00 Observed by Olivarez, Edinburgh?, TX?, USA, 17" reflector) "In poorer moments of seeing, red on Aris. rim & Sch. Valley. Spurious seeing effects?". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #788.
Aristarchus 1965 Nov 06 UTC 03:20-03:50, 05:50 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3" refractor x300, S=6, T=5) "Strong blue-viol. glare on E. & NE wall; dark viol. hue in nimbus. (absent at 0320-0350. Listed as 11/8/55 in both ref. 210 & MBMW, but should be 1965). NASA catalog weight=4, NASA catalog ID #911.
In 1950 Aug 25 at UT 10:55 T.Saheki (Osaka, Japan) observed a stationary yellow-white flash on the Moon of duration 0.2 sec and mag 6.5. Cameron suggests that this was a meteor. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=536 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1985 May 31 at UT 20:23-22:00 G. North (Sussex, UK, turbulent seeing) found Torricelli B at 20:23 to be mauve in colour and to be very bright. However the colul had gone by 20:29UT. "Varied in albedo 2s then image blurred at 5-10s (atm) at 2034 became pink). At 21:35UT M. Mobberley (Suffolk, UK) found a white patch in the crater centre and a mag 8 flash was seen (confirmed independently by a 2nd observer ~ 113km away)- there was no shadow. At UT 20:30 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12"reflector, seeing excellent) found no colour, but the brightness was changiong and he confirmed the bright patch on the crater's floor, variable 22:15-22:25UT, "then expanded over rim". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=277 and weight=5. the ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Colour seen between Aristarchus and Herodotus by P. Moore and G. North. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1964 Jun 23 at UT 04:45-05:05 Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector, x180, S=4-1 and T=3) observed a blue-violet glare on the north east rim and a strong violet tinge in the nimbus. The effect was absent 1 hour earlier. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=821 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 2015 Mar 03 UT 23:58 Brendan Shaw (UK) saw a flash on the NW rim of Aristarchus on his computer screen - the camera was working in the near IR. Seeing was not very good at the time. Unfortunately this flash occurred in between imaging sessions. No other flashes seen, despite looking. The observer considerd the possibility that it might have been a cosmic ray detection, but cannot say for sure. The ALPO/BAA TLP weight=1.
On 1994 Apr 24 at UT 03:50 R. Manske (Waunakee, WI, USA) found that the Cobra Head appeared to have an obscuration on the top eastern half. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Lichtenberg 1966 Jun 02 UTC 03:05-03:35 Observed by Schneller (Cleveland, Ohio, 8" reflector, slit spectrascope) "Red glow on W. wall (Schnller thinks this is "normal" reddening at SR; however, these vary according to Ricker), (This rep't is the only positive one from alert sent out to observe for J.Green's tidal predictions, See list of neg. obs.)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #944
Aristarchus 1966 Jun 02 UTC 04:06-04:20 Observed by Jaeger (Hammond, Indianna, 6" reflector) "Brownish-yellow edge on ? rim. 2 other obs. this site saw nothing unusual." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #945.
Vieta 1923 Sep 23 UTC 19:00? Observed by Cernov (Russia, 2 refractors? x94?) "Both dark spots merged together even with 94x magnification. (due to libration &/or seeing?)" NASA catalog weight=1 (low). NASA catalog ID #389.
LeCroy Jr. and Sr. (Springfield, VA, 4.5" reflector, x75, x300, S=3, T= 4) observed the following in the Aristarchus and Herodotus region: "Both were fused together as an oval & had a bluish cast on the E.rim. In W#25 filter it was white. At 0100h albedo decreased from 10+ to 9.5 & more detail could be seen. Separation of the 2 craters began to be seen at 0007h, details much brighter, incl. c.p. in Aris. @ 0110h main brightness & blue tint shifted to N. rim. At 0116h the SW rim was brightest & no color. At 0122h ray was brightest & no color. At 0122h ray had decreased in length & more details seen in oval. At 0123h ray was broken & smaller, becoming very small at 0125h & at 0126. The knob was gone & the edges not bright any more. Albedo=9. Sketches. (Seeing variations meas. were 1/2s in length so LTP variations not due to local atm. cond. Alt. = 65 deg". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1416 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Marius 1881 Jan 13 UTC 20:00? Observed by Williams (England?, 5.5" reflector) "Speck of light in crater". NASA catalog weight= 3 and catalog ID #220. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1966 Jun 03 UT 01:00-01:45 Observed by Gordon (2), Delano (Ackerman, PR?, 5" reflector / Massachussets, 3" (x92) & 10" reflector T=4) "Deep blue color on N. wall. S.part of crater was brownish, (not on alert). Delano saw E.wall bright spot unusually bright, confirm, ?" NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #947. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1980 Aug 25 at UT06:55-07:10 Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" reflector, x40-150, seeing=4 and transparency=4) found the west wall bands of Aristarchus to be faint initially and at 07:00 a pale red colour appeared suddenly (and lasted for 2 minutes) on the inner south east wall, and then into south west BS to the west BS. "BS" meaning in Bartlett's notation a bright spot. There was no violet glare this time. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=106 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Timocharis 1955 Jun 4-5 UT 23:30-00:00 Observed by Firsoff (Somerset, England, 5" reflector x70, seeing=poor) "Bright in red filter" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #595.
Aristarchus 1973 Jun 15 UT 06:12-06:21 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3" refractor x54, x100, x300, x360, S=3, T=3) "Pinkinsh-red glow on F., wall -- weher he usually sees the violet glare. (TLP albedo=7?, normal=5?, nearby plain=1?). All along rim nr. crest & went over EWBS. Wanted to compare a bright spot on Lyell with Aris. wall brighteness. At 0612h pink glow changed to a rust-brown, fading rapidly & gone at 0615h. First time he had ever obs. a red glow. (in 20 yrs)." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1369.
Aristarchus 1969 Apr 01 UT 18:35 Observed by Kozyrev (Crimea, Ukraine, 40" reflector). "Spectrograms of an unusual red spot on W. slope at ?=.405, eta=.680. Spot = 1-2 km in diam. Molecules identified were N2 & C2. Later thru clouds crater was bluer in Corralitos (New Mexico) MB (confirm. of activity at Ariz. ?)." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1119. ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 1984 ??? ?? at UT11:00-12:00 Jean Nicolini (Campinas, Brazil) saw a daylight TLP in Aristarchus crater. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1972 Jun 25 UTC 22:42-22:51 Observed by Quindeau (8deg 35' E, 51deg 25' N, 60mm refractor) "Bright point at NE wall of crater". Ref: Hilbrecht & Kuveler, Earth Moon & Planets, Vol 30, pp53-61 (1984).
On 1938 May 14 at UT 05:00-09:25 deWitt (Nashville, Tennessee, 12" reflector) observed during an eclipse the fading of the dark spot in Riccioli to be pronounced. Cameron says that the mid eclipse was at 03:39, photos?. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=436 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1884 Oct 04 at UT 22:00 Bye (Brussels, Belgium) observed during an eclipse that the peaks were visible as brilliant points with slight red aureoles during a lunar eclipse. Cameron says that this was a confirmation of #2443. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Parsehlan of England? saw Tycho as a 2nd magnitude star during a total lunar eclipse. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=244 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
In 1921 Oct 16 at UT 22:00-00:00 Genin and others (Russia) observed during a partial eclipse that different parts of Aristarchus crater had brightness of phosphorecence. Cameron says that this is independent confirmation. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=383 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1971 Aug 06 at UT 21:00 Chernov (Crimea?, Ukraine, Soviet Union) observed that two large spots in Atlas were not visible in the penumbra after totality (brighter than normal?). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= 1306 and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1971 Aug 06 at UT 20:30 Chernov (Crimea?, Ukraine, Soviet Union) observed a dark spot in Riccioli that was very dark for 3 minutes, before coming out of shadow - however the dimensions were normal. This was during the lunar eclipse. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1305 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1975 Nov 18/19 at UT 23:15-0005 LeCroy Jr and Sr (Springfield, VA, 4.5" reflector, S=7) observed that Delambra was one of four glowing spots on the Moon during a lunar eclipse (including Aristarchus). At 23:50UT 3 of these patches emerged from the dark and appeared as bright spots compared to other craters "Älbedo=10+". The Albedos of Manilius and Delambre were 8.5 at 00:05UT. Details became apparent in all 3 features. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1419 abd weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1975 Nov 18/19 at UT 23:15-0005 LeCroy Jr and Sr (Springfield, VA, 4.5" reflector, S=7) observed that Manilius was one of four glowing spots on the Moon during a lunar eclipse (including Aristarchus). At 23:50UT 3 of these patches emerged from the dark and appeared as bright spots compared to other craters "Älbedo=10+". The Albedos of Manilius and Delambre were 8.5 at 00:05UT. Details became apparent in all 3 features. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1419 abd weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1975 Nov 18/19 at UT 23:15-0005 LeCroy Jr and Sr (Springfield, VA, 4.5" reflector, S=7) observed that Menelaus was one of four glowing spots on the Moon during a lunar eclipse (including Aristarchus). At 23:50UT 3 of these patches emerged from the dark and appeared as bright spots compared to other craters "Älbedo=10+". At 23:55UT a ray appeared out of the north east rim of menelaus (Normal?). It appeared just before the artea emerged and increased in brightness. At 23:58UT it decreased and continued to do so. The north east edge of Menelaus appeared very dark at the point that the ray was extending from SW edge (a ridge there) and apperared to obscure features along its path (Albedo=9). The Albedos of Manilius and Delambre were 8.5 at 00:05UT. At 00:05UT the rays were still apparent but seemed to have returned to normal. Details became apparent in all 3 features. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1419 abd weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1893 Sep 25 at UT 21:00? Gaboreau (Paris, France), saw a shaft of light projecting from the Moon. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=281 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
40.5W, 45.7N 1965 Nov 09 UTC 04:59 Observed by McCord (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector + spectrograph) "Line depth anomaly, low compared with 23 other areas". NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #912.
On 1888 Jan 28 ~UT 23:20 Dyer observed that in this fairly bright lunar eclipse was a dark isosceles triangle, with the base to the north. Other observers noted this effect.
On 1978 Mar 24 UT16:10-17:45 Anderson (England?, 8" reflector, x55 and x155). Censorinus seemed brighter than normal. Cameron 2005 catalog report ID=26 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1978 Mar 24 UT16:10-17:45 Anderson (England?, 8" reflector, x55 and x155). noticed a faint twinkling star like point in Dionyius - remained constant but when changed to x155 at 16:25 the effect was at the limits of visibilty. - suspected that this was due to the atmospheric conditions. However this effect was not seen in Aristarchus. By 16:45 the twinkling area got brighter, but went back to normal at 17:45. Cameron 2005 catalog report ID=26 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Moving glows seen around the middle of the disk during a lunar eclipse.
On 1975 Mar 28 at UT22:30-23:42 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK) observed orange/red in Aristarchus. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1975 Mar 27 at UT22:30-01:45 P.W. Foley (Wilmington, Dartford, Kent, UK, 30cm Newtownian) observed blueness along the inner southern wall of Plato. This is a BAA report. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1956 Dec 19 at UT 00:00? an unknown observer apparently saw a TLP somewhere on the Moon. Cameron gives the reference for this as an unnamed AGU meeting. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=659 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1988 Aug 28 at UT22:00 P.Moore (Selsey, UK, 5" refractor, x260) detected a red glow along the outer wst rim and 99% it was not a TLP as there had been a fire nearby so was probably atmospheric. However colour if present, is normally seen on the south rim. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=336 and the weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1977 Oct 28 UT 19:25 V.M. Chernov (Soviet Union) observed that Copernicus was brighter than normal i.e. brighter than Kepler but less bright than Aristarchus. In January and February 1977 both Copernicus and Kepler were of the same brightness. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1869 Aug 23/24? UTC 23:00-01:00? Observed by Gledhill? (Halifax, England, 9" refractor) Group I of craterlets (as designated by several famous obs. before) exhibited notable illumination, accompanied by a single light on a distinct spot. (if obs. similar to Ap 1870 obs. then date =Au 23-24). NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #162.
On 1975 Dec ?? at 19:00UT P.W.Foley (Kent, UK), and possibly P. Moore? (Selsey, UK) - unusual events were reported which might have been due to minor structral changes. Albedo=76% (=7.6?). Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1425 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2011 Jan 21 at 22:30UT N.Longshaw (UK, 4" Achromatic refractor, x128 & x160, Seeing III, transparancy average) suspected on the eastern edge of Geminus, on the border of the crater filled shadow and the eastern illuminated rim, a brownish, almost speia hue. This extended for a short distance from the floor shadow into the illuminated rim width and spanned from the north to the south of the crater. For a comparison, Cleomedes was checked but nothing unusual was noticed in its shadow. The observer notes that Elger also saw a warm brown or sepia tone. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1966 Nov 11 at UT05:55-1000 Hall and Johnson (Port Tabacoo, MD, 16" x400, S=VG), Nordling (MD, USA), Genatt (Greenbelt, MD, USA, 6" refractor, x50, 20" reflector x400) and Wagman (Pittsburgh, PA, 30" refractor) observed the folloowing on Aristarchus: "Color ob c.p. detected with Trident MB, not seen vis. at Port Tobacoo. Network alerted & 6 responded. 4 did not see anything unusual; 2 others did & saw red on c.p. in 6-in refr., but not in 20-in refl. at 400x; other saw indistinctness. Port Taboacoo obs. took 5 rolls of film in blue & red & neutral. Phenom. not detectable on them, but focus poor. Blue images had most detail, whereas would expect red or neutral to. Phenom. still present at dawn in Moon Blink device". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=914 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 1986 Apr 26 at UT 21:00 etimated) H. Miles (Cornwall?, UK) found that Aristarchus was "still brighter in moments of better seeing". The rim could be seen as a complete circle. The Cameron catalog ID=283 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Messier A 1951 Aug 20 UT 01:48-03:00 Observed by P.Moore (England, 8.5" reflector, x350). Bright cloud like circular patch seen on S wall of Messier A. It was the brightest object in the vicinity. Observations ceased due to the Moon setting behind a tree. W.Haas thinks that this effect is not unusual at similar colongitudes. Moore checked again under similar illumination and still considers the Aug 20 appearance abnormal. NASA weight=4. NASA catalog ID #545. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1980 Aug 29 at UT07:32 D. Loudernack (South Bend, WA, USA, 8" reflector, x140) found the south wall to have a broad dark band (only visible in red light) at its base that covered nearly all of the southern half of the crater. The brightness reading was 8.4 (in blue light) and 4 (in red light). Cameron 2006 catalog ID=107 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1984 Nov 11 at UT21:00? Marshall (England) noted that there was no normal brightness on the floor to most southernmost craterlet. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=253 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1992 May 20 at UT 11:15 D. Weier (Sun Prairie, WI, USA, naked eye and 7x50 binouculars, sky conditions excellent) noted that Aristarchus and, an area, were very bright to the eye. In binouculars the feature was quire sharp and distinct, "> anything else on the Moon". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=447 and the weight=2. The ALPO/bAA weight=1.
Plato 1877 Jul 29 UTC 02:00?-02:30 Observed by Gray (England?) "S. of crater a bright streak that disappeared at 0230" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #196.
In 1937 Apr 29 at UT 09:30 Firsoff (Glastonbury, UK, 6" reflector and filters) observed a slight greenish colour (Cameron says colour of ground? no TLP?). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=420 and Weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1980 Aug 30? at UT 08:00? D. Louderback (South bend, WA, USA, 8" refletor x140) found the north wall to be very bright in red light (this is not normal as it is usually bright in blue - according to Cameron). The brightness was 9.7 (red) and 9 (blue no filter)compared to Eimmart's 8.7. Louderback thought that they observed an oranfe- yellow tinge. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=108 and weight=3.
1999 Jan 07 UT 01:57 C. Brook (Plymouth UK, 65mm refractor, x125, seeing good) found this mountain unusually dull. In contrast, Mons Pico, Montes Teneriffe, Montes Spitzenberg, were all normal. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Triensecker Rille 1915 Jul 03 UTC 00:00? Observed by Markov (Russia) "Several spots changed their shapes compared with Gordeenko's depiction on 5/23/12 see #339; which cannot be explained by light variations." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #356.
Alphonsus 1958 Nov 03 UT 02:30-03:30 Observed by Kozyrev, Ezerski (Pulkova Observatory, Crimea, Ukraine, 50" reflector, 23A/mm spectrograph) UT03:00-03:30 "C.p. redder than rest; emiss. spect. in 4756A, 4100, 3950A (C3), 5165, 5130A (Swann bands) 3 spect. over 3.5 h. Image of c.p. weakened in viol. light on spect. Noted visual decrease in brightness & reddish glow. Decrease in bright, & unnusual white color(at 0300h- 0330h). Sudden decrease in vis. bright. Spect. started -- gave norm. Spect. (0330-0340h), conditions almost identical to Alter's on Oct. 26, 1956. Nothing seen on Nov. 2-3" NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #703. ALPO/BAA weight=5.
Aristarchus 1965 Nov 15 UTC 05:55-10:00 Observed by Hall, Johnson, Nordling (Pt. Tobacco, MD, USA, 16" reflector x400), Genatt (Greenbelt, MD, USA, 6" refractor, x50 & 20" reflector x400), Wagmann (Pittsburgh, PA, 30" refractor). "Color on c.p. detected with Trident MB, not seen vis. at Port Tobacco. Network alerted & 6 responded. 4 did not see anything unusual; 2 others did & saw red on c.p. in 6-in refr.. but not in 20-in refl. at 400x; other saw indistinctness. Port Tobacco obs. took 5 rolls of film in blue & red & neutral. Phenom. not detectable on them, but focus was poor. Blue image had most detail, whereas would expect red or neutral to. Phenom. still present at dawn in Moon Blink device." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #914. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1982 Aug 11 at UT03:30-04:15 Mobberley (Suffolk, UK) obtained a photograph and made a sketch that revealed a needle-like shadow from the west wall to near by the central craterlet - the latter was quite clearly visible. What were not visible were the other four craterlets. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=183 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1978 Oct 23 UT 06:30-06:34 V.A. Sage (Bristol, UK, 10.25" reflector, x250, Wratten 44a and 25, seeing II) noted that Aristarchus was surrounded by a dark area in the blue filter. They did not regard this as a TLP at the time. However because Aristarchus is surrounded by blue material in real life, this should have been brighter? For this reason, despite the observer regarding this as a negative TLP, an ALPO/BAA weight=1 has been applied.
On 1981 Dec 19 at UT 01:00-05:00 E.V. Arsyukhin (Moscow, Russia, 3" reflector) observed that Plato was consdierably brighter than Aristarchus by several times. The image quality was very clear. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=161 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1977 Nov 03 at 22:13UT P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 11" reflector, x285)saw some flickering in Gassendi (Clouds on limb - according to Csmeron?). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=18 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1979 Sep 15 at UT01:53 P.Madej (Newsome, Huddersfield, UK, 158mm reflector, x72 and x110, seeing II, transparency fair?) saw a small circular area of grey or white in the dark south end of Copernicus.The area showed up better through a Wratten 15 yellow filter, but was not seen at all through a purple Wratten 35 filter. P.W. Foley (Kent, UK), confirmed this but thinks that it is normal. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=68 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Closest parts of the Moon at Saturn appearing from occultation were dull and hazy. Was this an effect of the lunar atmosphere or a high haze and halo around the Moon? Cameron's 2006 catalog extension gives this an ID No. of 3 and a weight of 1. The ALPO/BAA catalog weight is also 1.
On 1971 Feb 22 at UT 02:47-16:38 an Apollo ALSEP experiment detected an initial gas event in Fra Mauro. Sharp 4 second rise time, 1 hour delay time with 10 times increase in intensity. Molecular weight was between 14 and 20. Could have been Ne, Fl, O or H2O - the latter was thought best by Freeman. Duration of event 13 hours. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID-1284 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 1986 May 05 G. North (Herstmonceux, Sussex, UK, 30" reflector) found that the crater (floor?) Plato was featureless, even during the better moments of atmospheric seeing conditions. A spectra was taken but nothing unusual was seen. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=284 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Reiner 1986 Jun 04 UT 09:15-09:33 Observed by Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" Newtonian x79, x40, x35, Seeing 6, sky clear and steady - Moon 9deg above horizon). David Darling was out on the morning of 4 June observing the planet Mars. While studying Mars the crescent Moon rose giving me a splendid view of the earthshine portion of the disk. As the Moon rose higher into the sky he decided to turn the telescope onto it to the earthshine region of the Moon. He made it a practice to examine this region of the Moon to monitor for craters that appear to glow under this light. While observing he became aware of a black spot located in the sunlit portion of the Moon about 60 miles west of the sunset terminator. At first he thought the black spot was a shadow being cast by a large mountain or crater. When looking at his lunar charts he could not locate any feature that would account for it. As he continued to study the black spot he realized that it appeared darker than any shadows on the Moon. It was at 4 June 1986 4:15 A.M. CDT or 9:15 U.T. when he first sighted the phenomena and it was at 4:25 A.M. CDT or 9:25 U.T. that he realized he was seeing a lunar transient phenomena event. It was at this time that he could start to see silvery filaments or streaks in the black patch. Between 9:23 and 9:25 U.T. he watched the black patch disappear. When the black spot had disappeared he found that the location of the black spot was over the crater Reiner. he estimated that during the L.T.P. event that area covered by the black cloud was approximately 40 to 50 square miles. He also had examined other formations on the Moon during this event and none were exhibiting the same phenomena witnessed over the crater Reiner.
In 1919 Dec 19 at UT 04:00 Scholes (Huddersfield, England? USA) observed near Littrow a conspicuous ink-black mark (North of Cape Argaeus or S of Kittrow, The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=374 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1969 May 20 at UT 03:18-04:27 Cross (Las Cruces, NM, USA 6" refractor), Olivarez (Spain?), Kohlenberger, Gibson, Miller, Duarte and Harris (CA, USA) observed brightenings, pulsations, scintillations in Aristarchus crater. Cameron says independent confirmation seen by 4 observers, 1-2 magnitude increases, ranged between 1-30sec. Most active period was 03:18-03:20UT, 04:17-04:27UT (Las Cruces). Calkins (West Covins, CA, USA) UT 03:40-04:25 saw one major brightening up 2 magnitudes above steady state lasting 0.2 to 1.5 sec and another slow brightening lasting 5-10 seconds. Kelsey (CA, USA) saw at 03:43-03:48UT some brightenings. These observations were made during the Apollo 10 watch. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1127 and 1128 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1991 Jun 16/17 at UT 20:30-00:30 T. Castro (Sao Paulo, Brazil, 24" reflector, x500) observed "Large white spot with a comet-like tail extending eastwards (celestial) on of the shore of Mare Crisium at 52.5E, 21.5N." This was confirmed by several other observers and apparently video recorded. The effect was seen on several nights but had faded completely by 20th June. J. Westfall (San Francisco, CA, USA) also videod the spot but on Jun 21. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=429 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1881 May 04 UT 20:00 "Gamma" a psuedonym for an astronomer (Germany?) observed Aristarchus to be be a very bright 8th magnitude star with pulsations. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=221 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Jansen-Maskelyne 1969 Jul 20 UT 00:53-01:00 Observed by Jean and Collak (Montreal, Canada, 4" refractor and 6" reflector) "Jean and Collack noted obscur. between Jansen and Maskel. from term. No features discernible here whereas Proc. & Theoph. were already vis." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1169.
Near Langrenus 1969 Jul 20 UT 00:53-01:00 Observed by McNamara (Canada, 6" reflector) "McNamara saw a flash nr. Lang. (meteor?) Apollo 11 watch)" NASA catalog weight=0 (very unreliable). NASA catalog ID #1169.
near Proclus 1970 Apr 12 UT 00:15, 00:20 Observed by Loocks (Valparalso, Chile, 12" reflector, x88) "Brilliant in area NW of crater. No change in brightness Contrast to opacity of illuminated fraction of this day Later saw a flash on the moon. (Apollo 13 watch)." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #1239. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Theophilus 1970 Apr 12 UTC 00:25 Observed by Collier (Montreal, Canada, 6" relector?, x180) "Sharp E. inside wall flashes; c.p. lighter than floor. Pink on peak & illum. wall. Drawing. (Apollo 13 watch)." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1240.
Theophilus 1971 Mar 02 UT 20:30-22:50 Observed by Ringsdore (Stoneleigh, England, 15" reflector, x360, seeing=good) "Suspected TLP on c.p. 2 other obs. did not confirm. Orange- pink glow. Faded for 10 min then reappeared." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID 1286. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1984 Sep 30 at UT17:30-18:45 P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK, 83x, seeing=I-II, transparency very good and no spurious colour) "Twilight Earthsine at 1732, 83x light-darker blue by 1800. Looked like a star of mag. 3-4 with no variations. Spot moved slightly from side to side, not connected with alignment or optical. Luminescence may have expanded and contracted, but not sure. Other regions in Earthsine not seen. (Mobberley) saw Earthshine with naked eye. Aris seen before clouds came. Earthsine > normal T=E. (Foley) took CED readings which confirm the brilliance of it. No other features could be measured in Earthshine."The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=250 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Biela, Maskelyne 1969 May 23 UTC 02:32-03:00 Observed by Skinner, Perez, Barry, Bernie, Madison (Edinburgh, TX, USA) described in NASA catalog as: "Bright W.rim & 2 spots on N. &SE rim had blink (red -- Trident MB device) & event was in progress at start of obs. Saw nothing without image tube. Could not focus camera so no photos. Blink had ceased when image tube was replaced. Temporary bright reddish spot nr. Mask. photographed, (Apollo 10 watch). 17" reflector used. NASA catalog weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=5.
Maskelyne 1969 May 23 UT 02:32-03:00 Observed by Skinner, Perez, Barry, Bernie, Madison (Edinburgh, TX, USA) descibed in NASA catalog as: "Temporary bright reddish spot nr. Mask. photographed, (Apollo 10 watch). 17" reflector used. NASA catalog weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1970 Apr 12 at UT 23:56 Loocks (Valparsiso, Chile, 12" reflector, x88) observed a flash of magnitude 10 in Aristarchus - "not as brilliant as usual (obscur. ?). Did not obs. permanent luminosity as in other apportunities. (Apollo 13 watch)" The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= 1243 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Cyrillus 1970 Apr 12 UT 23:46-23:52 Observed by Loocks (Valpareiso, Chile, 12" reflector x88, LION network) "Small crater in Western Cyrillus was much brighter than anything in the area". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1242.
Mare Numbium 1970 Apr 12 UT 23:46-23:52 Observed by Loocks (Valpareiso, Chile, 12" reflector x88, LION network) "Small crater in Western Cyrillus was much brighter than anything in the area. Earlier he got a blink at 35deg W 15 deg S 10th mag. Drawing (Apollo 13 watch)" NASA catalog weight=2 (poor). NASA catalog ID #1242.
On 1991 Jun 18 at UT 21:30? T. Castro (Sao Paulo, Brazil, 24" reflector, x500) observed "Large white spot with tail eastward shore of M. Crisium." The effect was seen on several nights but had faded completely by 20th June." The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=430 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1964 Jul 16 at 03:55-04:10UT Cragg (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 6" reflector, x180, seeing 7, transparency 6) observed a pseudo hill (700m high) some 3 km in diameter and casting a shadow, south east of Ross D. The Cameron 1978 catalog TLP ID=830 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1972 May 19 UT 18:24 observed by Engels (52deg 40'N 9deg 5E, using 10x50 binouculars, transparency 2 out of 5, seeing unknown), a orange to yellow bright flash was seen, lasting 0.1 sec at the southern rim of Mare Crisium. Published in Hilbrecht and Kuveler, Moon and Planets, 30 (1984) p53-61. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1969 May 23 at UT03:04-03:10 Jean (Montreal, Canada, 4" refractor, seeing=good, transparency=3.) observed a white patch on the southern horn of the Moon. It enlarged and became coloured pink and blue without filters and reddish in a yellow filter(?). At 03:10UT the area became as normal as the rest of the environment. Other observers participating were: Rousseau (Canada, 8" reflector), Collier (Canada, 5.25" refractor) and Dumas, St. Cyr (Canada, 5.25" refractor). Cameron suspects a real event mixed in with Chromatic Aberation? Apollo 10 watch. The cameron 1978 catalog ID=1138 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Hase 1970 Apr 13 UT 01:28 Observed by Dumas (Montreal, Canada) "Intermittent light on S.wall of crater (atm. ?) (Apollo 13 watch). NASA catalog weight=1 (very poor). NASA catalog ID #1244.
On 1865 Nov 24 at 20:00? UT Williams and others (England, UK, 4" telescope) saw in Earthshine that Carlini was had a distinct 8th magnitude star-like speck in it. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=140 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Torricelli 2011 Dec 31 UT 16:39-17:00 R.Braga (Milan, Italy, 80mm refractor) found the north rim or Torricelli to be very bright at the start of the observing session but dimmed considerably at around 17:00UT. Observer not sure on the normal appearance of this crater. In view of the seeing conditions and small aperture, this TLP is being given an ALPO/BAA weight of 1.
On 1969 May 23 at UT 03:58-04:17 Wald (Zurich, Switzerland), E. & L. Cross (Las Cruces, NM, USA, 6" reflector, x120, S=F, T=VG). "Crater pulsations (Wald). Variations suspected at 0318, 0320-25 by E. Cross, 0417-27 by E. & L. Cross saw non-periodic short var., sudden increases 1-2 mag. & sudden to slow, 1-30s decreases to normal 0441-0446. (confirm. ?Apollo 10 watch)". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1139 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Madler 1971 Mar 03 UT 21:30-21:45 J Andrews (Christchurch, UK, 8.5" reflector, x240, seeing I) observed a red fan shaped area to the south of Madler - it covered part pf the mountainous area to the south. The colour started fading at 21:45UT and had gone within 5 minutes. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Near Theophilus - south of Madler - 1971 Mar 03 UT 21:30-21:35, 21:47 Observed by Hedley-Robinson (England, 3.75" refractor, x164, S=G, steady haze) "Reddening in a fan form on bright area of that formation, but red did not extend fully over it. Blink patrol started at 2005h but no red till 2130h. Definte blink at 2147h" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1287.
On 1969 May 24 at UT 02:40 Ricker (Marquette, MI, USA, 10" reflector) and Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 8"? reflector). Ricker saw pulsations in Aristarchus, partly confirmed by Kelsey. Cameron comments that it is suprising that Aristarchus could be seen at first quarter - Apollo 10 watch. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1142 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Proclus 1969 Jul 22 UT 00:30? 01:15-01:25 observed by Classen (Pulsnitz, E.Germany, 8" reflector), Leroy (Pittsburgh, 21.5" reflector x310) and Cutter (Pennyslyvania) "Brightening of crater (Classen). Alternatate brighening of S.part of crater at 15s intervals (too long interval for atm.) while N. half remained constant. Leroy confirmed Cutter. (Both confirmed Classen Apollo 11 watch)." NASA catalog weight= 5. NASA catalog weight=1151. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Piton 1970 Apr 13 UT 22:06-01:30 Observed by Cutts (Waverton, UK) "Peak was bright (Apollo 13 watch. Shining in dark?)" NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID #1247. Similar illumination shown on Hatfield Plate 2E(left). ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1982 Aug 26 at UT 21:00 Arsyukhin (Moscow, Russia, 3" reflector) found that Poisson appeared hazy. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=181 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Adams D On 2019 Sep 06 UT 21:44-22:20 T. Smith (near Great Yarmouth, UK, 90 mm Maksutov, x80, Seeing IV) saw a very bright spot on the SW. rim of Adams D - at first sight looked perhaps raised above the lunar background, but this was just due to its brightness. It was by far the brightest object on the NW quadrant of the Moon. In terms of brightness it was almost but not quite bright as Proclus, but only half the sie of Proclus. No colour was seen to the spot. The spot was not emitting any false colour, there was no change in appearance, and there was no ray structure visible either. Observations ceased when the Moon got too low. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1994 Apr 18 at UT14:40 C.D. Hua (China) found that the wall of Picard had changed to dark. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
------------ Ptolemeus 1970 Apr 14 UT 00:45-01:30 Observed by Nelson Travnik and Sergio Vianna (Matias Barbosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 4" refractor, x250, x400, - observing onditions very good, Kodak Wratten 15 and 23 filters used) "A kind of glimmering mist lifted and wafted inside the shady hollow of the crater (Apollo 13 watch)" NASA catalog weight=3 NASA catalog ID #1248. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Agrippa 1961 Oct 17 UTC 00:32-00:52 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA) described in NASA catalog as: "Shadow of c.p. medium gray, compared with black wall of shadow" 5" reflector x180. NASA catalog weight=4 (high)
Theophilus 1972 May 20 UTC 19:10-19:59 Observed by Haiduk (13.25E, 52.5N, 75mm refractor) "Well visible brihtening on the SW wall" S=2, T= 3 Ref: Hilbrecht & Kuveler Moon & Planets (1984) Vol 30, pp53-61.
Proclus 1972 Mar 22 UT 19:50-21:55 Observed by Jewitt (Middlesex, England, 6" reflector x150, S=7, T=4), Beddoes (England), and Moore (Selsey, England, 12.5" reflector, x250, x460, S=E, S=F) "At 1905h noted c.p. was invis. under all magnifications. At 2050h saw minute star-like flash @ 0.5s duration, followed by another 10s later, & another one 10s after that. Occurred on N. crater floor. Proc. C was vis. Was using blink device. Beddoe saw nothing unusual from 1850-1900h (prior to event). Moore alerted, saw nothing unusual from 2100h on (after flash. c.p. variation similar to rep'ts by Bartlett e.g. ID=1309." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID 1327. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
SE of Ross D 1969 May 24 UT 05:06-05:20 Observed by Harris (Tucson, AZ, USA, 21" reflector, S=F-P) "Multiple albedo changes, 2 bright areas vis. at 05:06, reduced at 0508h Whittier, CA, USA, 19" refractor?) NASA catalog weight=0 (very unreliable). NASA catalog ID #874. However a letter by Harris states: Variable transparency - colourless bright area SE of Ross D with variable condensation. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1978 Nov 08 at UT03:00 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x95, seeing 8/10) saw near Beer and Timocharis (11W, 30N) a bright flash inside the dark area. It appeared like a diamond twinkling in sunlight and was somewhat dazzling to the eyes. Cameron wonders in this was a meteor? The Cameron 2005 TLP catalog ID=39 and weight=2. This is an ALPO observation. The ALPO/BAA weight is 3.
Alpetragius 1958 Nov 19 UT 22:00-22:05 Observed by Stein (Newark, New Jersey, USA, 4" refractor) "Shadow anomaly. Portion of shadow vanished, replaced by lighter shade. At 22:05 gradually darkened & was normal in 20 sec." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #704. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Alphonsus 1958 Nov 19 UT 21:00-21:20 Observed by Hole (Brighton, England, 24" reflector x500) and Wilkins, Wall and Brewin (Located in Kent, and other locations in England, and 15", 12" and ?" reflector telescopes) "Reddish patch on c.p. (S. of it) about 3 km in diameter. (indep. confrim)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID 706.
Mare Crisium 1969 Jul 23 UT 00:45-00:55, 01:23-01:34 Observed by Jean (Montreal, Canada, 4" refractor) and Chilton and Speck (Hamilton, Canada, 10" reflector) "Bright area, radial rays in Cris. (nr. Yerkes?, if so confirm. fr. Chilton & Speck). Chilton (confirmed by Speck) saw reddening in Yerkes. Phenom. ended at 0134h. It recurred at times thereafter, but never as strong (Apollo 11 watch)." NASA catalog weight=2 (poor). NASA catalog ID #1152.
Hercules 1970 Apr 14 UT 23:10-23:45 Observed by Jean Nicolini (Sao Paulo, Brazil, 12" reflector, x680) "Vis. reddish-brown hue to shaded area. In crater -- different from Atlas. Phenon. stayed after moving telescope. Photos obtained. Not chrom. Abber. (Apollo 13 watch)" NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1251. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1975 Apr 19 UT 21:09 P. Foley (Kent, UK), detected blue in Plato on east. Fiton at UT20:45 found blue along the south wall at the east (IAU?) end, which was very bright white. Blueness extended towards the large landslip at the east of the formation. Immediately north of the landslip, where the bright wall curves first westwards, then again northwards, red could be faintly detected, folloowed by a very faint blue. All other parts of the formation were normal. Examination with a Moon blink device revealed no colour blink. J-H Robinson also found blue, with red on the west wall (exterior?). By 21:30UT Fitton found Plato to be normal and so was Proclus, though he did find Epigenes (bright cresecent of east wall only) slightly blue to the N.W and red to the S.E. Mare Crisium was normal. Prominent spurious colour seen on Venus, but it was low in the sky, with blue to the north and red to the south. However J.H. Reading, managed to see the north east floor blurred and slightly blue from 22:45-23:00UT. These reports are BAA observation. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Yerkes 1969 Jul 23 UT 00:45-00:55, 01:23-01:34 Observed by Jean (Montreal, Canada, 4" refractor) and Chilton and Speck (Hamilton, Canada, 10" reflector) "Bright area, radial rays in Cris. (nr. Yerkes?, if so confirm. fr. Chilton & Speck). Chilton (confirmed by Speck) saw reddening in Yerkes. Phenom. ended at 0134h. It recurred at times thereafter, but never as strong (Apollo 11 watch)." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #1152.
Eratosthenes 1970 Apr 15 UTC 01:25-01:42 Observed by daSilva (Brazil, 10" reflector x200 & 20" refractor x224, Seeing=good, Transparency=Good). "Vis. blink? on lower c.p. Ilum. walls were yellowish-white C.p. diamond brightness with a pt. flashing. Turbulent atms. impeded confirm. Other features were normal (Apollo 13 watch. S-IVB impact at 0109h, took 70 s to reach A12 Alsep." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1252. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Agrippa 1961 Oct 18 UT 00:43-01:00 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector x180, S=2-3, T=5) "Shadow of c.p. remained grayish, wall shad. normal black. Not due to seeing as wall & landslide shad. not affected. Not caused by refl. sunlight because other similar obs. showed different aspects." NASA catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2. NASA catalog ID #750.
On 1969 May 25 at UT03:53-05:47 Ricke (Tucson, AZ, USA, 8" reflector), Leasure (Tucson, AZ, USA), Freuland (Tucson, AZ, USA), Sheridan (Wyoming, USA), and Harris, Tucson, AZ, USA). "At 0353h saw brightening of 1s intermittent pulsations of 1 mag., confirmed by Leasure at 0357; 0400 Freuland saw brightening. At 0514h Ricke, 1 mag, at 0515h-0530 -- low amp. variations seen by Ricke & Harris. At 0525h Sheridan saw bright. & puls. Harris at 0546h-47h saw 2 brightenings in crater. (Apollo 10 watch seen in dark at gibbous phase!). (indep. confirmation?)". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1146 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Eratosthenes 1961 Oct 18 UT 01:05-01:25 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector x180, S=P, T=G) "Fluorescent violet on inner W(IAU) wall (reported as bright spot in MB). NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #751.
Schroter 1839 Jul 19 UT 22:00? Observed by Gruihuisen (Munich, Germany) "Dark mist" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #119. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
1972 Mar 23 UT 19:24 Observer: Rudolphi (48.58N, 10E, 60mm refractor, Transparency=2) "Pure white very bright event" Ref: Hilbrecht & Kuveler - Earth, Moon & Planets (30) pp53-61.
Ross D 1969 May 25 UT 04:34-04:38 Observed by Cross (Las Cruces, NM, USA, 6" f/17 refractor) "Bright spot adjacent to NE segment of crater, 1.5-2" at greatest extent & much brighter than rim of Ross D. Fuzziness here & extensive obscur. of detail E. of Ross D (Apollo 10 watch)" NASA catalog weight=3, NASA catalog ID #1147. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1980 Oct 17 at UT18:40-19:10 G. Blair (Weir, Renfrewshire, Scotland, UK, 22cm reflector, seeing II, transparency excellent, no spurious colour) noticed at 18:40UT that the bright central peak of Alphonsus was elongated. At 18:41UT, at higher power, the central peak separated from a bright point of light, intensity about that of a 6th magnitude star. at 18:43UT a filter check was made of the suspect point and surrounding regions - slightly nrighter in red. At 18:50UT intensity of bright point reduced to equivalent of 4th magnitude star. Noted that Earthshine was the brightest that he had ever seen it. At 19:03 UT losing the Moon behind a chimney. UT 19:10 brief appearance, bright point still seen at 4th magnitude. 19:27UT the Moon disappears again. 20:15UT reappearance of the Moon and Alphonsus appeared normal. The ALPO/BAA weight=2. This is a BAA Lunar section observation.
On 1993 Mar 31 at UT19:35-21:15 J. Knott (England, UK, 8.5" reflector, x180 and x216, seeing=II and Transparency=good) the central peak of Alphonsus appeared to be bright but the observer was not confident enough to initiate a TLP alert. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=458b and weights=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=0.
Tycho 1940 Dec 09 UTC 04:00? Observer Barcroft (Madera, CA, USA). The NASA catalog states: "Some luminosity on W. rim of outer slope". 6" reflector used. NASA TLP catalog assigns a weight of 3 (average). NASA catalog TLP ID No. #481.
Plato 1966 Jun 27 UT 21:40-21:55 Observed by Robinson (Teignmouth, England, 10.5" reflector) and Sartory (England, 8.5" reflector + Moon blink) "Color (red?) on SE wall detected by Eng. moon blink sys. (confirm)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID 949.
On 1968 May 07 at UT 03:00-03:40 Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 8" reflector) observed Messier and Messier A and noted the following: "The ray-tail halo (in N. ray) showed a possible enhancement in blue filter at 1st obs. per. but not seen at 0330. Later enhancement was indicated in red filter but not apparent at 0600h. The red enhancement is very unsual; but has been suspected on a few previous occasions. Not seen vis. (confirm. of Jean?)" The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Alphonsus 1969 Jul 24 UT 01:00-02:35 Observed by Fournier (Lowell, 6" reflector x158) and Dillon (Massachuchusets, USA) "Fournier saw obscur. & red in crater. 1 of the dark halos (NE) was very difficult to detect -- seemed to be a whitish mist. Detail best seen in blue & green filters. Dillon found halo much lighter than usual, with sharp boundary washed out. Halo was darker thru blue filter, indicating red when it's normally bluisg-green. Next nite it was normal. Worsening weather stopped obs. (confirmation. Apollo 11 watch)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #1185.
On 1990 Apr 05 at UT 00:43-01:46 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3" refractor, x90) observed that Bullialdus (the crater was in shadow) was pink in colour on the edge of its wall. The effect lasted from 01:15- 01:44UT and he could discern the terrace on the western wall. Comparisons were made to Tycho and Copernicus - all of which were normal. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=399 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1992 May 11 at UT 20:20-21:00 R. Amendsensvej (Esbjerj, Denmark, 10" reflector, x333) noted that Copernicus had "almost no disturbance. Flash was seen between 2236:30 & 2236:40. Thus 10S". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=444 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Bullialdus 1980 Oct 18 UT 20:15-20:25 Observed bt Amery (Reading, England, 10" reflector) "Colour blink reaction in English Moon Blink Device" BAA Lunar Section report. Cameron suggsets that this might be a permanent coloured blink area. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=115 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Fracastorius 1980 Oct 18 UT 17:55-18:15 Observed by Robinson (Devon, England, 260mm Newtonian, Seeing III, Transparency poor) "Colour blink reaction in English Moon Blink Device - inner wall brighter in red than in blue light, despite other features appearing normal. BAA Lunar Section report. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=115 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Manilius 1980 Oct 18 UT 17:55-18:15 Observed bt Robinson (Devon, England, 260mm Newtonian, Seeing III, Transparency poor) "Colour blink reaction in English Moon Blink Device - crater surrounds bright in red and dull in blue light" BAA Lunar Section report. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=115 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1980 Oct 18 UT 17:55-18:15 Observed bt Robinson (Devon, England, 260mm Newtonian, Seeing III, Transparency poor) "Colour blink reaction in English Moon Blink Device - floor patches easily seen in red, not so well seen in blue" BAA Lunar Section report. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=115 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Manilius 1972 May 22 UTC 20:10-20:40 observed by Kern (48deg 45'N, 8deg 45'E, 60mm refractor) "The SW inner wall became brighter at times" - Hilbrecht and Kuveler, Earth, Moon & Planets, 30 (1984), p53-61.
La Hire 1922 Nov 28 UT 22:00? Observer Wilkins (England). NASA catalog states: "Shadow cut thru by white streak (real LTP?. Pickering's atlas shows same phase & col. & shadow is all dark; elong. in peaks are N-S not E-W)" 15" reflectore used. NASA Catalog assigns a weight of 4. NASA catalog TLP ID No. # 388. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2009 Apr 04 at UT 20:30-20:45 C. Brook (Plymouth, UK) observed a slight pinkish mottling on the floor of Plato. The effect was no longer visible after 20:45UT. A telephone alert was put out to M. Cook and G. North. The former saw no colour, but this was after the event finished. The latter observer reported cloudy conditions. A.Cook was probably observing at the same time as C. Brook, via a couple of remotely controlled telescopes in Aberystwyth. The results (time lapse imagery through narrow band filters) will be examined at a later date.
Plato 1972 Mar 24/25 UT 20:38-00:00 Observed by M.Burton (UK, 13.5" reflector, seeing IV-V, Transparency Fair, x180) UT20:38- 20:45 floor was darker in a red filter than in a blue. UT20:47- 20:56 JS Burgess (seeing 2/5, x200, with and without filters) found everything normal (with and without filters). UT20:00- 20:07 and 21:30-21:35 A.J. Beddoes found everything normal (with and without filters). However at 23:10 L.Fitton suspected that the E (IAU?) floor of Plato had a red-brown cast, but could not be quite sure. UT23:54-00:00 M.Burton, detected the floor was darker in red than in blue light. Burton did not detect any colour without the use of filters on either of the two occasions that he detecetd a blink. In view of the fact that two observers did not detect anything, albeit not concurrently with the TLP reports, this TLP is being given an ALPO/BAA weight of 1.
On 1983 Aug 19 at UT 07:15-07:30 D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, 3" refractor, x150) found that the direct sunlit side of Mons Piton mountain (E) was brighter than (his designated) points C and D and this happened at the same time as some "blurring"at 07:15UT. The darker side, between C, A and B were not so dark through a red filter as through a blue filter (this was the opposite of what had been seen before at a high sun angle). Louderback suspects that there had been a colour change since he last observed. He also noted that in red light the whole lunar disk appeared fuzzy and out of focus. Louderback noted a 1 sec brightness on the east slope and the whole mountain sharp in blue light. The Moon's altitude was low though. Brightness measurements were 4 in blue light and >= 4.6 in red light and "so illdefined almost blended into plain". Cameon commnets that a telescope colour/focussing issue may have been at work here! The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=226 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1983 Jul 20 at UT 18:50-22:40 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12"reflector, seeing II-III) noted that the south wall of Plato at the 11 o'clock position, at the location of a cleft, was fuzzy on either side of the cleft. There was also a deep red colour along the cleft and the outside wall. The colour had gone by 22:40 though. All other parts of the rim of Plato were clear and distinct. M. Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing III) sketched some obscurations at 22:03UT. At 22:08UT the red colour reduced to a red line and vanished by 22:37. The south wall obscuration varied in size and there was a possible obscuration at the 7 o'clock position. J. Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing II-III) confirmed Foley's and M.Cook's observations. Detail inside the crater was sharp, but colour oppoiste to what is usual. Price (Camberley, UK, seeing IV-V) a few km away had atmospheric ripples affecting his observations. At 21:36UT G. North described the south wall as odd in appearance and the terrain south of this was lacking in detail - this was odd because elsewhere Plato was nice and sharp. At 21:45UT though the north section of the crater was a hazy red. The cameron 206 catalog ID=224 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Sinus Iridum 2004 May 29 UT 20:44 Observed by Clementelli (Rome, Italy, 102mm diameter Vixen refractor 80-160x, sky conditions: clear, no wind) "A blue/violet streak, lasting ~10 minutes was seen on the floor of Sinus Iridum between crater Bianchini and Promontorium Heraclides. The suspect TLP mybe an effect of instrumental achromatic aberration, but there is the small possibility that the effect was real." A UAI observational report. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1989 Jul 14 at UT 03:28 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA) found a darkening in the crater Proclus, but the shadow seen by Cook and Moore, from a few hours earlier was not seen. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=371 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Parry 1974 April 03 UT 01:10-01:45 Observed by Porter (Narragansett, Rhode Island, USA, 6" reflector, S=F, T=2) "Darkening of floor & brightening of central crater. Pulsations for 1 min. Albedo of LTP=2 (fl.), 6.5 (c.p.). Normal floor=3?. Floor seemed darker than earlier & approached surrounding plain(=2) while N-S streak seemed more conspicuous. Pulsations same freq. as star excursions so prob. due to terr. atm. aberr. Streak most conspicuous at 0145h" NASA catalog weight=2 (poor). NASA catalog ID #1391.
Archimedes 1979 Oct 01 UT 20:57-21:00 Observed by Cook (Frimley, UK, 13mm Monocentric + Barlow eyepiece, Seeing IV, transparency: thin cloud) "Red seen on east, blue seen on west - almost certainly spurious colour".
Bullialdus 1979 Oct 01 UT 21:04-21:07 Observed by Cook (Frimley, UK, 13mm Monocentric + Barlow eyepiece, Seeing IV, transparency: thin cloud) "Red seen on east, blue seen on west - almost certainly spurious colour". ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Alphonsus 1959 Feb 18 UT 21:00? Observed by hole (Brighton, England, 24" reflector) "Red patch (Moore in Survey of the Moon says Jan. '59). Moore says, Warner, in Eng. saw it bright red in an 18-in refr. Hedervari & Botha in Hungary saw red patch & several in US (indep. confirm. ?)" NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #714. ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 1991 Feb 25 at UT 01:26-01:49 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x248, seeing=10/1, transparency=good) found Gassendi's western rim to be bright in red and diffuse in blue light. A sketch was provided. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=420 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Jul 21 at UT 21:02-23:18 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector, seeing=III) found the region around the cleft on the souther rim to be out of focus - however atmospheric conditions were turbulent until 23:18UT. An unsual dark triangular region (long base against rim) was seen to extend from the inner rim at 12 o'clock onto the floor for 13- 16km. The crater had lots of detail elsewhere. M. Cook (Frimley, UK) found the south east to soth west to be obscured again, but not as badly as she had seen on the 20th July. J. Cook (Frimley, UK) found the dark region had 2 white bands on the side and the south west wall was blurred like it was on the 20th July - this time tough colour was not present. There were also two light patches on the floor. Mosely (Coventry, UK) observed the south wall at x120 and found the wall out of focus at the 11 o'clock location. Through a yellow filter he saw a "white mistiness: on the top of the southern rim and only the south east cleft could be seen (no colour). By 22:40-23:00 the effect had cleared up. No dark triangular patch was seen. When Marshall (Surrey, UK) observed (22:30-03:00) nothing unsual was seen, though a sketch provided shows a light patch on the floor located at 11 o'clock. All observations, made by all observers had some atmospheric turbulence, however trsnparency was good. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=225 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1967 May 20 UTC 20:15 Observed by Darnella (Copenhagen, Denmark, 3.5?" refractor) "Red spots on S.rim. Moon was low." NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1036.
On 1967 May 20 at UT 21:05-21:20 Kelsey (Riverside, CA, 8" reflector, x300) using an English Moonblink device found colour on the south west part of the floor. Note that for the times given by Cameron, the Moon was below the horizon from California - so possibly these are local times and these times need to be correctly converted into UT? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1037 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1969 May 28 at UT 02:18 Delano (Taunton? MA, USA, 12.5" reflector, x300, seeing=fair and transparency=good) through the red filter at 02:18UT saw a bright area on the west wall of Aristarchus crater become 2x brighter than normal then faded back to normal in < 1 min duration. The spot was 8km centred on sigma=0.682 and eta=0.397. No events seen at Kepler (Apollo 10 watch). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1149 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1969 May 28 at UT 02:18 Delano (Taunton? MA, USA, 12.5" reflector, x300) suspected a short duration flare up on the W wall of Aristarchus at 0.682 and 0.397, but it may have been due to poor seeing. No events seen at Kepler (Apollo 10 watch). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1149 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1980 Dec 18 at UT20:46-23:58 A.C. Cook (Frimley, UK, 12" reflector, 40-250x, S=IV and transparency good) found the north west wall to be brighter in red than in blue light, however the effect faded during 21:29-21:41UT and was gone by 22:40UT. There was however spurious colour on the north west wall. M. Cook (Frimley, UK) found the central peak to be both bright and diffuse, and brighter in red than in blue light during 20:52-20:57UT, however at "22:53-23:58 c.p. very bright & previous area decreased in size. No detail in white or red, just visible in blue. Sketch (J. Cook) Orange out on NW rim & on NW side of c.p. Similar effects seen on other craters. (madej) c.p. & W. rim wall very sharp. c.p. disappears in yellow but still seen in purple. (pedler) c.p. > red than blue but no obstruction. W wall interior dusky, darker in blue." A.C. Cook's photo depicts the central peak as very bright. Cameron 2006 catalog TLP ID=120 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1989 Jul 15 UT 02:00-04:20 Observed by Manske, Weier, Curtis, Keyes, Yanna, Norman, Knutson, Sullivan, Eichman and Radi (Carl Fosmark Jr. Memorial Observatory, Madison, WI, USA, SCT C11) "Manske initially observed a reddish tinge on the SE rim of Aristarchus. The colour was present in different eyepieces. Two other pinkish tinge areas were seen on the SE and NE rims. 4 of the observers did not see colour. Independent confirmation was made by Don Spain (KY) and Smith in LA. Full details can be found on the following web site: http://www.ltpresearch.org/ltpreports/LTP19890715.htm " An ALPO report.
On 1992 May 13 at UT 20:16-21:29 several observers reported a TLP in Plato mostly concerning the visibility of floor craterlets, however observer seeing varied from III-V. North (UK, 18.25" reflector) reported "Colouration and floor craterlets very prominent. Seeing Antoniadi V, Transparancy Poor.". Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector seeing=III-IV) found the floor to be bright and in the better moment of seeing detected floor craterlets. The WNW spot was misty some of the time. Moore (Selsey, UK, 15" reflector, seeing V) had very poor seing conditions. J.D. Cook and M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK, 3.6" reflector, seeing II-III) used a CCD camera at 22:11 UT. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=445 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1969 Jul 26 UT 02:15-03:00 Observed by Jose L. da Silva (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 13" refractor) "Unusual brightness whole time in center of W. inner slope; rest of crater & Herodotus appeared normal. SW to NW inner slope had pronounced brightness. Aris. still in dark! Apollo 11 watch)." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID=1186. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1969 Jul 26 UT 02:30-03:00 Observed by Mauro Migon (19" refractor), Julio Nogueira (10" refractor), Wairy Cardoso (13" refractor) all from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil "Crater was gray-bluish, different from any other region & unusually bright. Cardoso saw brightening, used blue, red, green & neutral filters. Apollo 11 watch, Jose da Silva says obs. no good, obs. was inexperienced. However it is similar to many other obs. with much experience)." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID No. 1187. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1992 May 13 at UT 22:30 R. Turner (Wolverhampton, UK, 3.6" reftactor, x50) noticed that there was a white spot on the WSW rim that he had not seen earlier. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=445 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1971 Mar 08 23:00-23:10 Observed by Lyttle (Northern Ireland, 6" reflector, x98) "Suspicion of white spot W of N-S radial band, slightly brighter than wall. Diam. @5-6km. Area affected by temp. ?Term. passed over it just 5h before. Gradual decline in brightness over the 10m period." NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID 1288.
Pico 1976 Mar 12 UT 21:00? Observed by Findlay (England?) "A ray seen extended fr. mt. in SW (IAU?) direction -- likened to a hockey stick. (not seen in Pickering's photo atlas at col.=53 deg)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1430.
Gassendi 1951 May 17 UT 22:45 Observed by Wilkins (Kent, England, 15" reflector) "Bright speck glowed for 3s. (meteor ?)" This was to the W of the central Mts and about the same magnitude as a 4th mag star to the naked eye. JALPO Vol 5 No 8 p4, quotes a 1s duration. NASA catalog weight=0. NASA catalog weight=544. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Herodotus 1966 Jun 30 UTC 03:10-03:35 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA) described in the NASA catalog as: "Bright pseudo-peak again vis. within floor shadow. Peak est. 5 bright. Had seen it at successive lunations in '66" 4" x280 refractor used. NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog TLP ID No. #950. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1963 Nov 28 at UT 00:30-01:45 Barr, Greenacre, Hall and Dungan (Flagstaff, AZ, USA, 24" refractor, and 69" reflector) observed pink on the outer SW rim and a red spot towards the S of this. A red spot was seen on the eastern side of Vallis Schroteri but only by Barr and Dungan. Other features checked for atmospheric spectral dispersion and chromatic aberation - but the colours in Aristarchus were not due to these. Smaller 12" scope checked but no effects seen - presumably due to resolution and image contrast issues? Pink on the SW rim may have been seen in a 69" scope by Boyce and Ford. ALPO/BAA weight=4.