Plato 1789 Jul 30 UTC 21:00? Observed by Schroter (Lilienthal, Germany) NASA Catalog Event #61, NASA Weight=2 (slightly low) Event described as: "Soon after sunrise saw a kind of fermentation on the floor which clearly resembled a kind of twilight, (due to some kind of aberration unknown to the observer?)" For further details see reference: Middlehurst, B.M., Burley, J.M., Moore, P.A. and Welther, B.L., 1968, NASA TR R-277.
Eratosthenes 1952 Nov 25 UT 16:30 A.P. Lenham (Swindon, UK, 3- inch refractor x150, Definition Good) noted that there was faint/slightly bright detail inside the interior shadow - observer comments "presumably peaks of central mountains & W. Wall ridge, but very faint" - however this is worth checking out. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2009 Nov 25 UT18:42-21:03 P.Abel, T.Little and C.North (Selsey, UK, 15" reflector, seeing II-III, transparency very good), all saw visually a brownish tinge on the north west rim of Eratosthenes crater. P.Abel made a sketch and T.Little took some high resolution CCD images, some of which were through coloured filters. Checks were made for spurious colour, but none was seen elsewhere on the Moon. The eyepiece was changed but this made no difference. M.C.Cook (Mundesley) was observing with a smaller scope at the same time, but saw no colour, however observing conditions were worse. W.Leatherbarrow (Sheffield, UK) was observing with a instrumenet mid way in size, and saw a brownish tinge in the NW rim area, but saw a similar colour elsewhere and put this down to spurious colour. Normally multiple observers seeing the same thing would result in a weight of 4, however as this was only observers at Selsey and some of the evidence contradicts, I am allocating an ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Alphonsus 1952 Nov 25 UT 17:15 A.P. Lenham (Swindon, UK, 3- inch refractor) noted that the usual dark spots were not visible. This may not be a TLP but has been given a TLP category as it is a curious appearance and needs to be verified on a repeat repeat illumination apeparance. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Pallas-Schroter 1953 Nov 13 UTC 02:00 Observed by L.Stuart (USA) "Saw and photographed a bright spot on term. between these two craters. Used Kodak 103aF3." NASA catalog weight=5 and catalog ID #559. ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 2012 Aug 25 UT1944-1952 Eratosthenes crater was imaged by C. Galdies (Malta,Nexstar 8SE, Philips SPC 900NC camera). 4 Registaxed images were produced covering 19:45, 19:48, 19:49, and 19:51. All but the first image, once first order spurious colour had been removed, showed orange on the shaded terraces on the western illuminated rim (similar to what Paul Abel and others saw in 2009, albeit just confined to the NW rim), and the interior floor shadow was slightly smaller in red light. However orange colour was also seen on the eastern side of mountains to the south of the crater, which infers that the spurios colour removal did not fully acomplish its main goal. The effects were not caused by the registax software as the orange colour is visible on individual images. Although probably the colour is not lunar in orgin, its explanation is not fully explaianed, therfore an ALPO/BAA weight of 1 is used for now.
On 1969 Nov 18 at UT 04:22 Loocks (Valparaiso, Chile, 12" reflector) observed a flash of light of magnitude 12. Cameron speculates a meteor and mentions the apollo 12 watch. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1214 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
North (?) (left) Cusp 1912 Jan 28 UT 00:00 (27th 20:00 L.T.) Observed by Harris (Philadelphia? Pennsylvania?, naked eye?): Intensely black curved object 400x240km, shaped like a "crow". Cameron 1978 weight=1 (very low) and ID=334. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Eratosthenes: On 2017 May 04 UT 21:50-22:10 N. Longshaw (BAA, UK, 78mm APO refractor, x125 & x175, seeing II-III, transparency Good). A brownish (orange) tint was seen on the inner NW wall light terraces - this was immediately obvious when first looking at the crater, but as time progressed the effect became less bright. Other craters were checked for similar coloured tints, but none were seen elsewhere on the Moon. UAI observers in Italy (F. Taggogna & A. Tonon) had been imaging the region in colour 17:57-21:47, but their images do not show any colour on the inner NW rim terraces, the their last image is 3 min before Longshaw saw the colour. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Eratosthenes 1947 Jan 30 Mean Col. 16deg. Observed by Hill (UK) "Main peak of massive central mountain group appeared to be in a shadowless having regard to it's claimed height of 6,600 ft. The whole of the floor to the west should have still been in darkness. Instead immediately to the west was a dark (intensity 1.5-2) region extending almost to the foot of the bright inner wall and very diffuse in outline. The observation could not be followed through due to increasing cloud, but on the following night all was normal."
Tycho 2003 May 10 UTC 03:15 Observer Robert Spellman (Los Angeles, USA) - "CCD video of spur-like features coming off N & S edges of central peak - spurs pointed eastwards". It is now thought that this effect is almost certainly seeing flare as it is visible on other features in the image, although to a much lesser extent. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1931 Mar 27 R.Barker (observing from Cheshunt, UK, 12.5" reflector) found that the central mountain in the brilliant ray crater Tycho was a curious shade of grey. This was despite the interior of Tycho being fully in shadow. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=400 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1886 Jun 10 at UT 21:00 (estimated) Tempel of Germany, saw a star- like light (Cameron comments that the reference in the Middlehurst catalog is wrong). Cameron 1978 catalog ID= and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristillus 1939 Jul 26 UT 02:30 Observed by Haas? (NM?, USA, 12?" reflector) "Dark area to W. part of floor was I=3.7. (see #450, 459 & 461). Used diff. telescopes but can not explain difference)" NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #454.
Plato 1970 Dec 07/08 UT 23:30-00:45 UT Observed by Fitton (Oldham, England, 8.5" refkector, x200, S=G) "Floor blank, yet some craters should be vis. Outer wall craters showed clearly. (similar to Bartlett's obs on Nov. 8th, #1278" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1279.
On 1936 Oct 25 at 01:35 UT W. Haas (Alliance, OH, USA, 12" reflector) saw small bright spots on the floor of Eratosthenes, (Pickering's atlas 9A, col. 30deg, shows no spots - according to Cameron). Cameron 1978 catalog TLP=417 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Copernicus 1966 Mar 01-02 UT 22:06-09:45 Observed by Lovell (Auburn, OH, 4" refractor, x120m S=E, T=3.5) "As sun rose higher, west (ast.?) outer wall was bathed in a soft viol. color -- not in evidence on flat ground below the wall" NASA catalog weight=3, NASA catalog ID #922.
Alphonsus 1969 Nov 19 UT 03:30 Observed by Argus/Astronet (CA?, USA) Brightening in W. rim & S. central floor, seen by 2 obs. (Apollo 12 watch)" NASA catalog weight 3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1219.
Plato 2005 Dec 10 UT 20:46 Observed by Brook (Plymouth, UK, 4" refractor. Conditions excellent with the Moon at a high altitude) "2 second duration white flash seen on the floor of the crater" - BAA Lunar Section Report.
Messier and A 1966 Dec 22 UT 06:00-06:30 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 8" reflector, x200, S=G, T=P) "Blinks on floors of both craters (blink device not stated)" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalaog ID #1004.
On 1980 Apr 24 at 23:35UT Marco Petek (Porto Alegre, Brazil, using a 7.5" refractor noticed that the center of Plato was bright and opaque and the observer thought it was similar in appearance to Linne. A sketch was made and two other observers confirmed the appearance. Cameron mentions that Petek is an experienced observer. Cameron 2006 catalog extension TLP ID=91 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Cichus 1975 Sep 15 UT 11:15-11:30 G.Ryder (Corinda, Australia, 25cm reflector, x250 & x380, seeing good but with some cloud) The interior W. wall of this crater (on the lip) appeared hazy - difficulkt to bring detail into focus. Neighbouring craters/detail were sharp. Details in the crater wall interior were starting to become visible as time went on, but it had clouded over by 11:30. A Moon Blink was used but no colour was detected. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1985 mar 01 at 20:00UT? Moseley noticed a violet band (tapering to an apex close to the crater centre and merged with the eastern exterior) around Toricelli B, however M. Cook (Frimley, UK) had seen a dusky band(England, UK) on an earlier photo. There was no terminator shadow in the crater. Cameron 2006 Catalog Extension TLP ID=260 aqnd weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Censorinus-Maskelyne 1927 Apr 11/12 UTC 23:00-01:00? Observed by Druzdov (Russia) "2 luminescent pts. observed. Not vis. at same sun angle on May 7 & 12th. Not vis. on photos of Barn in 5/23/63" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #393.
Daniell 1979 Jun 05 UT 20:15-21:10 Observed by Price (Camberley, England, 152mm reflector x64 and x128, seeing III, transparency good) "Obscuration seen" BAA Lunar Section report.
Daniell 1979 Jun 05 UT 20:15-23:00 Observed by Price (Camberley, England, 152mm reflector x64 and x128, seeing III, transparency good) observed that Posidonius lacked sharpness.
Bullialdus 1979 Jun 05 UT 22:00-23:00 Observed by Cook M.C. and J.D. (Frimley, UK, 12-inch reflector, Seeing III-IV, good transparency). MC Cook observed internittently over this time period (due to cloud) and found the crater sharper in a blue filter than in a red filter. No obscuration seen apart from a darkish patch on the SW rim and spreading over onto an area surrounding the rim, which she took to be shadow, though the main shadow was along the east rim of the crater. JD. Cook observed an orange colouration seen on eastern and the cleft on the SW rim. Dark area seen on southern floor of crater, south of central peak. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1981 Apr 15 at UT06:27-06:40 D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA using a 3" refractor x134 and S=4.5-5 and T=5-0) saw a bright spot on the western wall of Eimmart (sketch supplied) have an unusual brightening and shade. Variations occurred over 2-3 minute intervals. Louderback commented that the spot looked like a flare with its apex located at the crater wall and there was some blurring effect on the spot - it decreased in size during the phenomenon. Seeing worsened later. Apparently on the 18th and 19th of April everything was back to normal. Cameron comments that there is no bright spot on the Moon at this location. Lunar Orbiter IV plates 192-3.2 shows evening conditions. Cameron 2006 Catalog Extension TLP ID=130 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weright=3.
Bulialdus 1979 Aug 03 UT 21:36-21:48 Observed by Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing III, Moonblink device) "Bullialdus eastern side of the crater looked brighter in red i.e. rim and exterior, extending to the south slightly and this reddish areas was slightly hazy. At 21:41 it clouded over but at 21:47-21:48 it cleared briefly and effect was noted again. Also Darney appeared very visible through the red filter. Probably spurious colour as the Moon was -18 deg in declination and the whole Moon had a slight brownish tinge" ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Darney observed by Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing III, Moonblink device) See TLP report for Bullialdus (eastern side) concerning reddish areas. At 21:41 it clouded over but at 21:47-21:48 it cleared briefly and the effect was noted on Bulialdus again. Also Darney appeared very visible through the red filter. Probably both effects were spurious colour related as the Moon was -18 deg in declination and the whole Moon had a slight brownish tinge. An ALPO/BAA weight of 1 is assigned to this TLP."
Alphonsus 1969 Nov 20 05:27 (UT)? Observed by Argus/Astronet (San Diego, Sacramento, CA, USA) "Brightening in crater. (San Diego & Sacramento obs. confirmed, but astronauts did not see anything. Apollo 12 watch)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1222.
Gassendi 1967 Jan 21 UT 19:36-20:24 Observed initially by Moore & Moseley (Armagh, N.Ireland, 10" refractor, x360, S=G), Ringsdore (England, 10" reflector), Sartory (Farnham, England, 15" reflector?), Duckworth (England), Kilburn (Ashton, England, 6" reflector), Farrant (England, 8" reflector) "Eng. moon blink at 1936 (no events from 1750-1815h) outside SE wall, brighter at 1939h, seen vis. at 1940h, faint at 1946h. Moved NW at 1950h. At 2000h, Moseley saw it farther W., lost it at 2008h. Seen again at 2026h further toward group of hills. Moore saw it faint at 2002h, lost it at 2005h, vis. & blink at 2007h. Checks again at 2010-50h, 2130-50, 2200-20, 2250-2300, 2325-0000h.Duckworth suspected blink in S.Iridium nr. Bianchini later, but clouds intervened, after clearing couldn't see it. Neg. obs. in 11 other features, inc. Alphonsus & Plato. Confirmed Gass blink 2018-2024h" NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1010. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Gassendi 1971 Oct 29 UT 22:15-22:50 observed by J.Coates and A.R. Neville (Burnley, UK, 6" reflectir, x192, slight fog, seeing jumpy but good at times). An in ititial Moonblink search proved negative. However white light observations by Coates revealed a golden brown colour between the black interior shadow and the base of the (bright W (IAU?) wall). Neville confirmed its appearance as a coppery hue and saw the colour for 5 minutes before it vanished at 22:55UT. ALPO/BAA weight=2
Plato 1966 Dec 23 UT 06:15-07:10 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 6" reflector, S=P, T=G) and Coralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector +Moonblink) "3 brilliant spots on floor, all showed blinks, (permanent colored Ground features ?). Not confirmed by Corralitos MB." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1005.
In 1820 Oct 17 at UT 20:00 an unkown observer reported in Mare Imbrium, south of Sinus Iridum (30W, 40N) some brilliant spots. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=80 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1990 Sep 30 at D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x150) observed a red spot on the west wall (bright in red filter and faint in the blue filter. No filter reactions were found elsewhere. Gassendi had much detail visible. A sketch was made. BAA observers in the UK were alerted but they could not observe due to cloud. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=411 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1985 Mar 02 at 20:00UT? Marshall (Medeline, Colombia, South America) measured some very low Crater Extinction Device brightness readings of Censorinus compared to Proclus. The Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID= 261 and the weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Gassendi 1977 May 28/29 UT 20:45-21:15 Observed by D. Sims (Dawlish, Devon, UK) saw a hazy area on the south east floor that was normal in red and white light but darker in blue. This was partly confirmed by J-H Robinson (Devon, England, 10" reflector) 21:24-23:12 who saw the south east floor of Gassendi to have a loss of detail - but no colour seen, although at 21:57-21:58 it was slightly brighter in red than in blue briefly. P. Doherty (22:45-23:15) did not see anything ususual. D. Jewitt (22:22-22:55) did not reveal anything ususual, apart from spurious colour. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=3 and ID=1463. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus, Schroter's Valley, Herodotus 1881 Aug 06 UT 00:00? Observed by Klein (Cologne, Germany, 6" refractor, 5" reflector) "Whole region between these features appeared in strong violet light as if covered by a fog spreading further on 7th. Examined others around & none showed effect. Intensity not altered if Aris. placed out of view." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #224. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1967 Mar 22 UTC 19:39-19:43 Observed by Mosely (Armagh, N. Ireland, 10" refractor, x360) "Red color & blink strongly suspected in small area centred on junction of 3 clefts 1/2 way from c.p. & ESE wall. Well-defined & did not note change during obs. period. Clouds terminated obs. till 2120 when it was not seen." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1018.
Torricelli B 2005 Jan 22 UT 01:00 Observed by Serio (Houston, TX, USA, 6" Cassegrain, x150 and x180, Seeing 3, high deck of Cirrus clouds) "Torricelli B hard to make out in the videos taken, but images taken through cloud. A check on the image received by the coordinator shows that Torricelli B is in fact visible, but perhaps not very bright. A later observational sequence of images by Raul Salvo (Montevideo, Uraguay UT 03:15-03:23) showed similarly that Torricelli B was dark, and there was some brightness variability although the background setting on these was low" An ALPO report.
G. Ward (a lunar observer for 15 years) observed an area just south west of Mersenius C to be blurred and in a greenish cloud. The green colour was more like that of dead grass than one gets from a neon bulb. The effect was seen from 04:50-04:57UT, but could have been going on before it was first noted at 04:50-UT. Seeing was 6-7/10 4" Refractor (2 element). refractor had been used hundreds of hours before (over a 10 year period) with no similar colour was seen. The observer checked other areas but did not see any similar effects. They also rotated and changed eyepieces, but this made no difference to the TLP. The TLP site seen was picked up on an image taken earlier at 04:47UT by W. Bailley, from Sewell, NJ, USA. Unfortunately the area concerned, a mountain on the image, was saturated and so we cannot tell if a colour was present there and the seeing was poor.
At 03:30UT observer noticed a hint of yellow colour on the floor of the crater and by 03:57UT the south east and central parts of the floor and the circular feature on the south west floor had turned a deep yellow colour. The rest of the crater remained colourless. Other craters also remained colourless. By 04:05UT the colour was fading and by 04:15UT it was gone. Maurice Collins in New Zealand took some low resolution colour images about 4 hours later but these failed to show any yellow colour. Zac Pujic obtained colour images at a different time of natural surface colour on the Moon and finds that Bullialdus does actually have a natural yellow cast to most of the floor. However this does not explain the variability in colour strength seen by Robin Gray. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1889 May 11 at 22:00? UT an unknown observer saw an ink black spot on the rampart of Gassendi. It had not been seen before ar at the next lunation or indeed ever again. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=261 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1975 Oct 16 UT 20:00? Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 12" reflector) "Deep blue-viol. spot in NW (IAU?) interior corner." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID # 1413. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Observed by Firsoff (Somerset, England, 6.5" reflector? x240) "Red glow." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #573.
On 1987 Jan 11 at UT 18:15-23:00 P. Grego (Birmingham, UK, 6" reflector, seeing=III) sketched Aristarchus crater and saw two luminous circular patches on the exterior west wall - these were less bright than the inner wall but brighter than the outer wall. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=292 and weight=5.
On 1987 Jan 11 at UT P. Moore (Sussex, UK) found the the floor of Plato was much more drk than the adjacent Mare Imbrium. Furthemore there was a blurring of detail over the northeast wall and onto the nearby floor. detail elsewhere in the crater was OK. By 23:00UT there was less lack of detail effects. M. Cook (Frimley, UK) at 21:55UT noted the obscured area but decided that it was narrower than the same effect one month ago and suspected that she may have been observing towards the end of this TLP. The effect gradually dimmed between 21:55 and 22:45UT. Other craters were normal. G. North was affected by poor seeing conditions. Davies detected a slight obscurtion on the north east corner - it was a misty gray feature at x200. The Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID was 292 and the weight was 5. Tha ALPO/BAA weight was 4.
Cobra Head 1949 Feb 10 UT 00:00? Observed by Thorton (Northwich, England, 18" reflector) "I was examining the Cobra Head of the Schroter Valley, when I noticed what seemed to be a diffuseed patch of thin smoke or vapour, apparently originating from the valley on the E. Side where the landslip is, and spread over the edge on to the plain for a short distance. Every detail of the edge of the valley was perfectly clear and distinct except where this patch occurred, but there the definition was poor and very blurred" NASA catalog weight=4 and catalog ID #515. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Bullialdus 1974 Sep 27 UT 22:45-23:40 Observed by Findlay, Ford (Dundee, Scotland, 10" refractor, 150x, 180x, filters) "Saw yellowish- orange color in crater. After clouds passed at 2300h color still there & gave a slight blink which no other craters did. Not seen in red filter, dark in blue. Ford saw it along ridge fr. c.p. to SW wall. Alert did not bring confirm. as clouds intervened for all others." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1394. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Torricelli B 2005 Jan 22 UT 03:15-03:23 Observed by Raul Salvo (Montevideo, Uraguay UT 03:15-03:23) showed that Torricelli B was dark, and there was some brightness variability although the background setting on these images was low and seeing could account for the brightness variation? An ALPO report.
On 1990 Oct 1st at 00:44-01:24UT D Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA) observed that Gassendi still had a blink effect when viewed through blue (Wratten 38A) and red (Wratten 25A) filters. No effect was seen on Aristarchus. Gassendi was brighter in the red filter and this was confirmed by Weier. Sketches were made and brightness measurements taken. Both observers used a 12.5" reflector x159. At 01:00UT the NW wall was 7.5, the SW wall 8.0, the S. wall 7.5, the floor 6.0, the outer E. wall 8.0, the N. floor 5.5. Gassendi A W. wall was 9.5,l Aristarchus W. floor was 8.0, NW wall 8.0, shadowed floor 0.0, E. outer wall 7.0, NBP 5.5, area between Aristarchus and Herodotus 6.0, and the comet like tail: 8.2 on the E. and 8.5 on the W. The Cameron 2006 catalog extension TLP ID=412 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Schroter's Valley 1955 Aug 29 UT 19:45 Observed by Firsoff (Somerset, England, 6.5" reflector x200, S=P-F) "Valley almost completely invisible in blue" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #605.
Aristarchus 1976 Sep 05/06 UT 18:45-01:35 Observed by Prout (England?, 12" reflector, S=III-II), Foley (England, 12" reflector), Moore and Spry (Sussex, England, 12" reflector) "Viol. hue on crater on W. wall, especially NW corner seen by Prout & 2 Foleys. Moore & Spry did not see color. All obs. noted that the crater was dull
Aristarchus 1971 Sep 01 UT 20:45-21:05 Observed by Neville, Cunnington (Nottingham, UK, 4" refractor x180, altitude, low) "Saw a bright glow, especially in E. wall (Confirm. but not indep.?)" NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1310. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1970 Oct 12 UT 00:54 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4" reflector, 51x-181x) "Floor darkened to intensity 1.5 deg (albedo) & c.p. became invis. Next day c.p. reappared & was 5 deg bright & 6deg bright on 15th" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1277.
Hobdell, of St Petersburg, FL, USA, using a 2"? refractor? and Seeing=I-II, saw a bright region on the north west wall that seemed to change in brightness. In truth, there were other features elsewhere on the Moon that also fluctuated, but not as much as Aristarchus was. No colour was noticed. Cameron suspects fluctuations in our own atmosphere. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID 131 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector x180, S=1-5, T=5) Pseudo peak visible within floor shadow at 03:10h" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #671. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 2002 Feb 24 UT 05:15-05:35 W. Haas (Las Cruces, NM, USA) observed an obscuration in Herodotus - the shadown was, almost, but not completely black. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Schickard 1972 Sep 19 UT 19:45-20:25, 20:00-23:30 Observed by Watkins (Herts., Eng. 4.5" reflector, x225, S=G) Amery (Reading, Eng.m 12" reflector?), Fitton (Lancashire, Emg., 8.5" reflector) and Moore (Selsey, Eng., 12.5" reflector?, 4.5" refractor 45-225x, S=P) "Luminous, nebulous spot attracted Watkin's att'n. Got brighter. Checked 'scope--not instru. Obj. had greenish-gray color, size @ 15km. Amery & Fitton with blink devices noted nothing unusual at later times (2000-2330h). Aris., Plato, Gass. were neg. at 1930-2025h (date not given, guessed at fr. available info.). Turbulence, lasting secs. at a time." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID # 1344. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2002 Feb 24 UT 06:05-06:20 W. Haas (Las Cruces, NM, USA) observed that the shadow was, almost, but not completely black. This might have been related to the observing conditions. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1933 oct 01 at UT 03:00 Rawstron (USA, 4" refractor, x330) observed the following in Mons Pico B: "Haze -- much narrower & elongated than on Sep. 1". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=407 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1955 Oct 28 at UT00:00? Kozyrev (Crimea, Soviet Union, 50" reflector) detected in Aristarchus Fraunhofer lines in UV spectra that were much narrower than in the solar spectrum. This indicated luminescent glow which overlapped contour(?) lines. Greatest after Full Moon, but fluctuated monthly with no indication of solar activity effect. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=621 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 1955 Oct 28 at UT 00:06 W. Taylor saw a naked eye flash on the Moon in the north east area, on the edge of Mare Vaporum. The flash was intense and radiated to a large area. The duration was 1/4 seconds.
Observed by Haas (Las Cruces, NM, USA) "Temporary greyness seen in interior shadow." ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus, Schroter's Valley, Herodotus 1881 Aug 07 UT 00:00? Observed by Klein (Cologne, Germany, 6" refractor, 5" reflector) "Whole region between these features appeared in strong violet light as if covered by a fog spreading further on 7th. Examined others around & none showed effect. Intensity not altered if Aris. placed out of view." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #224.
Aristarchus 1981 Mar 17 UT 22:40-23:25 Observed by Moore (Selsey, England, 15" reflector, seeing III) "Aristarchus very bright according to Crater Extinction Device and a coloured blink detected" BAA Lunar Section TLP report. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2016 Jun 17 UT 05:00 A.Anunziato (AEA, Argentina Meade ETX 105, seeing 7/10, sketch made) observed a very tiny light spot where the shadow from topographic relief to the south of Vallis Schroteri nerges into the crater rim shadow on the floor of Herodotus. There should be no light spot here. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus Area 2004 Nov 22 UT 04:58-05:49 Observed by Gray (Winemucca, NV, USA, 152mm f/9 refractor, seeing 4-5, trasparency 4-5, x114, x228) "Blinked Herodotus with Wratten filters Blue 38A and Red 25. The illuminated west crater wall stood out brilliantly in blue light, much more so than in white light. This was true also of Aristarchus. Red light did not increase contrasts in Herodotus any more than they were in white light. Shadows in Herodotus appeared as black as the night west of the terminator and remained that way throughout the observing period. No TLP seen in Herodotus tonight. A possible TLP was seen to the west of Herodotus near the terminus of Schroters Valley. It was noted at the beginning of the observing period that there were four very bright spots of light, one near the end of Schroters Valley, the other three grouped together a little farther north. Although not far from the terminator they were definitely east of it. It was noted that all of them nearly vanished in the Blue 38A filter while Aristarchus and the rim of Herodotus gleamed brilliantly. At 5:19UT it was noted that the most brilliant of the four lights, the one near the terminus of Schroters Valley, had faded almost to invisibility in white light. When first seen it had been brighter than Aristarchus. It remained very dim after this through the remainder of the observing period, and was unchanged at 7:35-7:49UT when I again examined the area. The other three bright spots remained brilliant and unchanged."
Rays of(?) (in?) Herodotus 1955 Oct 28 UTC 18:30 Observed by Kozyrev (Crimea, Russia, 50" reflector, spectragraph) "Spectrum 3934A (K of Ca). 3964 (H of Ca) change in luminosity. 13% in H, 19% in K, 2% in H, 3% in K. in photo-line-depth method" NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #622. ALPO/BAA weight=5.
D. Darling of (Sun Praire, WI, USA, using a 12.5" reflector at x150, noticed a hint of red? colour on the south west rim of Aristarchus. Brightness measurements were normal for Aristarchus and Herodotus. No colour seen elsewhere e.g. Prom. LaPlace. The colour on Aristarchus had gone by 01:15UT. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=414 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
A fleeting faint reddish patch was seen in Gassendi at 21:15UT. This observation has an ALPO/BAA weight of 2.
Mersenius 1975 Jun 21 UT 21:50-22:45 Observed by McConnell (Northern Ireland, 6" reflector) Moore? (Sussex, Enland, 15" reflector, 5" refractor, S=F), Reading (Rushden, England, ? 14" reflector) and Foley (Kent, England, 12" reflector, S=P) "McConnell saw an obscur. starting at 2150h which disappeared at 2245h. Moore(?) alreted, saw no anomaly in 15 in refl. & 5-in refr. under fair conditions from 2209-2228h. Reading reported neg. fr. 2250-2345h (after phenom.). Foley reported color in it but also a crater to S. of it & Aris., prob. due to seeing conditions." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID#1408. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
1954 Aug 11 observed by Firsoff (Somerset, UK, 6.5" reflector, x200) "Brilliant in red filter, variable)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #570. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus-Herodotus 1971 Sep 02 UTC 20:00 Observed by Ayeau (Paris, France, 12" reflector, x100) "Brownish-red or maroon seen on Aris. W.wall ridge to Herod. on S.wall of Herodotus" NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #1311. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
1996 Jun 28 UT 21:04 F. Ferri and D. Zompatori (Anzio), using a 20cm f/6 reflector, reported that (translation) "Using a blue filter the area was invisible". This is a UAI observation from Italy. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Babbage 1974 Sep 29 UT 00:00-01:00 Observed by Lord (St Annes- on-Sea, UK, 10" refractor, Wratten 25 and 44a filters, 125x, S=II-III). Activity observed in SW floor between A & W. wall. Details not obscured in either filter, but slightly more darker than surroundings in the blue filter. NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #1395. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Ross D 1965 Apr 14 UT 06:03-06:22 Observed by Harris (Whittier?, CA?, USA, 19"? reflector) "Phenomenon description unavailable. Given at an ALPO meeting" NASA catalog weight=0 (very unreliable). NASA catalog ID #874.
On 1990 Oct 02 at 02:25-02:45UT D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA using a 12.5" reflector at x159, with red and blue filters), saw a blink effect on the west wall of Plato i.e. brighter through a blue filter than through the red. No Colour blinks seen on Gassendi or Aristarchus. Cameron 2006 Catalog TLP=413 and weight=4.
On 1977 May 30 at 21:04-02:13UT J.H.-Robinson noted a loss of detail inside Gassendi, however he did not regard this as a TLP. The effect was also seen by P.W. Foley. Cameron 2006 extension catalog TLP ID=16 and weight=0 ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Schroter's Valley 1897 Oct 08 UT 22:00 Observed by Pickering (Cambridge, Maas., USA, 15"? refractor) "Variations in vapor col. Tillsow, C was largest compared with D&E& most conspicuous 1.3 d after sunrise. Drawing. (time est. fr. given colon.)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #291.
On 1988 Jan 02 at 05:57-06:13 UT D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, using a 8" reflector, seeing 4 out of 10) observed that points B and D on Cape Agarum faded suddenly from 7.0 to 6.4 (B) and 6.0 (D). However these returned to their normal levels at 06:13 UT. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=316 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1984 Feb 14 P. Moore (Selsey, UK) thought that there was something odd about Mons Pico in that it looked very bright and gave a good impression of a crater. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=241 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1984 Feb 14 P. Moore (Selsey, UK) observed that Plato was darker than the nearby mare and no detail could be seen on the floor or the eastern wall - the later was obscured. At 23:40UT some dimming was still present on the north east wall and still no detail on the floor of Plato. Cook noticed that the eastern floor close to the wall was misty and also noted no detail on the floor. Amery though noted that all parts of the floor were sharp although some darkening was visible in the north west and a hint of obscurtion. The east wall though was quite sharp. Mosely could see the central craterlet but from 8-6 o'clock tricky to define (Foley says that this effect has been seen at this colongitude before). Streak ray across the floor of Plato seen (North) - filter measurements made. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID= 241 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1988 Jan 02 at 06:41-07:08 UT D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, using a 8" reflector, seeing 4 out of 10) observed that at 06:56 UT Aristarchus floor (point F) brightened rapidly from an intensity of 5.2 to 6, however at 07:08 UT the spot returned to normal. He also noticed that the bands on the walls varied every few minutes. A mist like appearance was seen on the floor of Aristarchus. Through a red filter he could see through the haze, but floor detail could not be seen through a blue filter. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=316 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Flashing spot at end of SV fluctuated. Herzog, Darling & Weier confirmed spot but not fluctuation. Spot brighter in red than blue, but Cobra Head was bright in blue. No other region was abnormal.
Amery (Reading, England) saw blue in Aristarchus but a photograph did not show the colour. Foley thinks this was spurious colour. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=27. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Peter Foley observed a tiny yellow-brown region close to the tip of the cape, north east of the precipitous west edge, in the face of the north facing slope. The area concerned was diffuse and varied in density despite the surroundings not varying. Foley notcied no colour elsewhere on the Moon, though Amery thought that he saw some in Aristarchus, but Foley thinks this was spurious. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=27 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
"Brightening in blue filter, 1st for seconds, later for mins". NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #574.
Plato 1971 Nov 01 UT 19:35-20:35 Observed by Kidd (S.Shields, UK 16" reflector, S=G), Kirsopp (UK), Fitton (Lancashire, UK, 8" reflector x200) "NW (IAU?) rim, small area of obscur. & bright spot adjacent to it. Was normal at 2035h. Kirsopp confirmed. Fitton saw nothing unusual in blink patrol. (blink device detects color rather than brightness)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1318. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1975 Oct 18 UTC 20:00? Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 12" reflector) "Deep blue-viol. spot in NW (IAU?) interior corner." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1415.
Manilius 1939 Jul 30 UT 06:00 Observed by Haas? (NM?, USA, 12?" reflector) "Dark area in S. part wad I=3.7 comp. with #449. Cond. were similar. (phase same. real difference?). (normal here?)"
Aristarchus and Herodotus UT 20:00? Observed by Areau (Paris, France, 12" reflector x100) "Maroon color covering the ridge(?) E (ast. ?) & the ridge(?) S. of Herod. In 3 or 5 secs. Cloud disappeared after 10 min." NASA catalog weight=3 (average) NASA catalog ID #1312.
Lichtenberg 1951 Jan 21 18:19.2-18:38.5 UT observed by Baum (Chester, England). Tiny red spot noticed initially and then faded. Location of spot 31.403N 66.167W. 20cm refractor x90-x100. Seeing fair-extremely good. NASA catalog assigns a weight of 3. NASA TLP ID No. # 542. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1979 Aug 06 at 22:24-22:54 P.Madej (Hudersfield, UK, 6" reflector. Purple Wratten 35, and Yellow Wratten 15 filters used) Orange glow seen (at x73) on west side of crater, near the central peak. The central peak was coloured too at x110. At 22:32 (x75) the central peak was brighter than the rest of the area wrough the yellow filter. At 22:34UT at x73 everything looked OK through the purple filter. The TLP was still visible at 22:54. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Schickard 1940 May 20 UT 20:00 Observed by Moore (England, 12?" eflector) "Fog on floor -- milky appearance, less pronounced than on 8/2/39 (see #456)." NASA catalog ID #465. NASA catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1971 Jan 10 UTC 20:17-20:42 Observed by Taylor (Slough, England, 8.5" reflector) "Blink (dark gray to black), 13x3km diam. on E. wall & floor in indentation in wall. Smaller by 2028 h. gone at 2035h. Reappeared at 2028h & gone completely at 2042h)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1282.
Mare Humboldtianum 1951 Jan 21 20:47-22:00 UT observed by Baum (Chester, England). The appearance of some mountains on the limb appeared to change over time, with some mistiness. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Madler 1940 Aug 17 UTC 06:45 (Cameron gives 07:30 but Haas says this is wrong) Observed by Haas (New Mexico?, USA, 12" reflector?) "Bright spot on S. rim had I=5.9 on this date but 6.8 on Sep. 16, when observ. cond. were similar (see #473)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #470. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
The area west of Helicon not visible despite the area being fairly bright at Full Moon time. This area was a very bright patch one night. Cameron notes: comensurability of Full Moon & Perigee. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=64 and weight=3. Seeing=7 and transparency=4. 2.4" refractor used. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1937 Jul 22 UT 06:20 Observed by Haas (Alliance, Ohio, USA, 12" reflector?) "Floor distinctly greenish, but was gray on June 23, 1937 at 0430 & col.84 (normal?)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #421. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1982 Jun 05 at 22:00? UT, Chapman (UK, using a 12" reflector), again using a x2 yellow filter, noticed that the central craterlet detectabilty changed such that sometimes it was visible and sometimes not. Foley (Kent, UK)noticed that the central craterlet could only just be seen between June 2 to June 5 and was much less discernable than during the previous lunation. No CED brightness measurements made. The floor of Plato was noted to be very dark though. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=172 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1916 Oct 10 UT 21:00? Observed by M, Maggeni (Florence Obs., Italy) "Reddish shadow spread over part of crater. Looked like vapor (like nitrous vapor) and obscured underlying craters. The Cameron 1978 catalog weight=3 and ID = 365. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1897 Oct 10 at UT 19:00 Pickering (Cambridge, Mass. USA, 15" refractor?) observed in Shroter's valley and the vicinity, "Variations in vapor col. change in direction of cloud rising from F is marked (time est. fr. given colon.)" The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=292 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Near Censorinus 1964 Apr 26 UT 20:00? Observed by Hopmann (Czchoslovakia?) "Surface brightening somewhat similar to Kopal and Rackham in #779" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #810.
Archimedes 1940 Jun 20 UT 07:30 Observed by Haas (NM, USA, 12?" reflector) "NE wall (outer) had I=2.5 on this nite but 5.0 on Aug. 18 (see #471 -- both same phase so real diff. 2.5 normal?)" NASA weight=4. NASA ID No. #467. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2000 Jun 16 UT 20:37 C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60mm refractor, x117 & x40, seeing good, transparency excellent) observed abright spot on the north rim of Mare Crisium (57E, 25N). It was comparable to the illuminated rim of Proclus in brightness. No colour seen. The spot was not visible the next night. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Archimedes 1940 Aug 18 UT 03:25 Observed by Haas (NM?, USA, 12" reflector?) NE outer wall had I=5.0, but was I=2.5 on June 20 (see #467) (similar colong.)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #471. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Proclus 1972 Nov 20 UT 20:20 Observed by Farrant (Cambridge, England, 8.5" reflector, x178) "Dark patch in crater. Disappeared by next nite. The normal ring seemed thickened. On Dec. 7. the crater appeared bright. Drawings. (prob. real LTP, nr. FM)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1350.
Gassendi 1966 Dec 27 UTC 06:30-07:05 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 6" reflector?) "Very faint blink on SW (ast. ?) floor & on another N. of it on NW floor. Obs. considers obs. very suspect" NASA catalog weight=1 (very poor). NASA catalog ID #1006.
On 1989 Oct 14 UT 19:00?, 22:00? P.W. Foley (Kent, U.K., using a 12" reflector) noted that although the brightness of Aristarchus crater seemed steady, that there was just too much detil to see inside the crater than one would expect. Appeared as two craters - Cameron commented that this was often seen by Bartlett. Several observers apparently confirmed this TLP? Cameron 1978 catalog extension ID=379 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1954 Oct 12 UT 00:55-02:10 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3.5" refractor x100, S=5-6, T=5) "Pale violet radiance on S.wall SE, E, NE walls, & c.p. At 0409 strong violet tint E 1/2 of fl.very faint on W. 1/2 of floor & W. wall. Dark violet on nimbus & pale violet on Mt. m" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #576. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1878 Nov 09 UTC 21:00 UTC Observed by Klein (Cologne, Germany, 6" refractor?) "Faint, but unmistakable white cloud not seen before." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #207.
Aristarchus 1973 Feb 15 UTC 17:07-19:31 Observed by Theiss (located at 51N 5.67E) "area 4-5 diameters of Aristarchus were coloured clearly yellow-red" 120mm reflector used. Ref Hilbrecht & Kuveler (1984) Moon and Planets Vol 30 p53-61. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1973 Aug 13 UT 22:25-22:35 observed by Pedler (Devon, UK). Observer noticed a slight blink on a lighter patch on the floor just beneath the south(?) rim using Moon blink filters. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
David Darling observed bright glittering on Aristarchus. This was followed by a flare up in brightness at 00:38:05 UT in the comet-like ray area of the crater equivalent in intensity to the central peak. Then he saw another one on the north east rim of Aristarchus of the same brightness. A third flare was seen at 00:49UT in south of Herodotus, on the comet-like ray. Another two flares were observed at 00:56UT on the north west rim of Aristarchus. Darling suspects that these effects were due to seeing effects and Cameron agrees. However Weier suspects that they were TLP? Brightness measurements by Weier were for the south west rim of Herodotus 8.0, for a spot at the Cobra's Head 9.0 and 7.5 for C.H. Cameron apparently did not see the flashes but did suspect that the interior of Aristarchus was a bit unusual. Don Spain did not see anything unsual at all. Cameron 2006 extended catalog ID=380 and the observation weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1967 Dec 16 UTC 22:00? Observed by Farrant (Cambridge, England, 8" reflector) "Crater took on an unusual appearance on inner NE (ast. ?) wall. Showed a very pale blue & the opposite wall a pale red color seen in no other features. Lasted only 10m & survived a change of eyepieces." Seeing=I (Antoniadi). NASA catalof weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1056.
On 2002 mar 29 at 02:20-02:38UT C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60mm refractor, x120 - no cloud, slight haze, no wind, seeing good) noticed during first part of observing period that Aristarchus was getting steadily brighter, very much brighter than Proclus. This continued until 02:36UT when it dimmed suddenly over a period of about a minute or so. No colour effects seen. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2002 mar 29 at 02:20-02:38UT C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60mm refractor, x120 - no cloud, slight haze, no wind, seeing good) noticed during first part of observing period that Aristarchus was getting steadily brighter, very much brighter than Proclus. This continued until 02:36UT when it dimmed suddenly over a period of about a minute or so. No colour effects seen. ALPO/BAA weight=2. Just as an after thought - was it Aristarchus that was varying, or Proclus?
On 1978 Aug 18 at UT 22:00 Coates (England?, UK, 3" refractor, seeing=II) found that the inner bands of Aristarchus were hard to see, this was odd because the seeing conditions were good and he usually sees them? However he did not believe that there was any obscuration going on. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=37 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Cobra Head 1955 Oct 31 UTC 19:00 Observed by Milligan (England?) "Dark blue obscuration" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID 624.
On 1983 Jan 29/30 at UT20:35-01:00 Sykes (UK?) observed that Linne appeared to brighten for approximately 20 min and had the appearance of a point (confirmed). This observation was made during a major Torricelli B TLP. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=198 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Torricelli B 1983 Jan 29/30 UTC 20:35-02:30 Observed by Foley (12" reflector, seeing Antoniadi II, Transparency=good, no spurious colour seen), Moberley (14" reflector, seeing Antoniadi II, transparency excellent, spurious colour strong), Cook, J & M (12" reflector, seeing Antoniadi II-III, transparency moderate). All observers based in southern England. "Initially crater brightest feature on the Moon, then it faded. Strong colour also seen by all observers e.g. green-blue to violet. Report of observations written up in JBAA Vol 100, No. 3, p117 123, (2000) - probably one of the best reorted TLP". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=198 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
Mobberley noticed that Torricelli B was bright and had an even brighter spot on the inner north wall. The observation was made from UT19:45- 21:40 using visual and video techniques. There was also a bright region NNE of Toricelli B, that was noticed. Foley examined the video and found that the crater faded in brightness over time and also the bright area to the NNE was not as bright on video as had been seen visually. Foley speculates that because the CCD camera was sesnitive to the near IR that maybe the spot was blue?. Foley observed from 21:12-21:21UT and also saw the bright spot on the inner north wall - but saw a blue halo around the crater. Response in blue filter, darkening over whole region. Brightness measures with a crater extinction device (CED) indicated that the crater was 80-85% the brightness of Censorinus. There was a bright area NNE of the region. M. Cook observed 22:10- 22:16UT (15cm reflector and seeing III-IV) and also saw that the crater was very bright indeed with a spot NNE of the region (same position as 28/28 1985 observation) - suspected that the crater might have been brighter than Censorinus, but judgement effected by seeing. In a blue filter the crater dulled leaving the bright spot prominent (but only during a good moment of seeing) - therefore had some suspicion of seeing effects. At 01:00-01:04UT M. Cook used a 12" reflector on the area, but the seeing was even worse - but did manage a check of the brightness of Torricelli B to Censorinus and now made it one quarter of that of Censorinus and no sign of the crater dimming in the blue as had been seen earlier in the 6" refletor. A. Cook (Frimley, seeing V) at 21:15UT (Dec 27) thought that Torricelli B looked normal and saw no colour. At Dec 28 at UT 00:02-00:25 A. Cook obtained some CCD images through red+IR (Wratten 25) and IR (Wratten 87) but found no colour differences, though there was a very slight hint that a brightness fade may have occurred between those two observing times. Note that this report does not have an entry in the Cameron 2006 Extension Catalog. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1984 Feb 17 at 19:45-22:20UT P. Madej noticed colour in Aristarchus and telephoned the BAA Lunar Secton TLP network. Mosely at 21:15UT observed that Aristarchus was both bright and fuzzy - there was some spurios color (red on south and blue on the north) but this was replaced by violet. By 21:30UT (transparency=fair) the centre of the crater was bluish and the west wall creamy white. the north and south walls were brilliant white. By 22:00-22:30 UT the seeing had improved and the crater looked unusual - now the centre was violet and the west wall duller, off-white. By 05:35UT the crater was difficult to define according to Cook - 4 bands could be seen under II seeing and the north rim was fuzzy and less bright than the east wall (this was hazy). P. Moore observed that the crater was normal at 04:00UT. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=242 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1984 Feb 17 at 19:45-22:20UT P. Madej (England, seeing=III- IV, x50)noticed that the crater Reinhold had a blood red spot on the northern terraces, at the base of the inner wall in a summit crater on the last of a crater chain or ridge descending from the top to floor". Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=242 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1976 Aug 11 06:44 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" reflector, 45-300x, S=4-3, T=4) "Pale viol. radiance (gas?) on plateau m. Dark viol. tinge on nimbus. C.p.=10 deg walls=8deg, & all of floor=8 deg. W.wall out of focus due to haziness (gas?)." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1441.
On 1983 Jan 29 at UT22:09 M.Mobberley (Sulfolk, UK, 14" reflector) noted that Arago B had a slight tinge of violet colour, and was a lot less (bright?) than Torricelli B's blueness. Other craters checked but were not showing any blue colour. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=198 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1983 Jan 29 at UT22:09 M. Mobberley (Suffolk, UK), found that Moltke crater was "exceptionally bright". Other craters (apart from Arago B Torricelli B etc) appeared normal. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=198 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Proclus 1972 Nov 21 UT 21:30 Observed by Farrant (Cambridge, England, 8.5" reflector, x130) "Thickened bright ring remained, but the dark patch had disappeared. (dark patch prob. real temporary phenom. as it was seen nr. FM when contrasts are strongest, yet disappeared" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1351.
CCD images taken through Wratten 25 (red+near IR) and 87 (near IR only) filters. Between 00:02 and 00:25UT there was some slight evidence that a fade may have taken place however careful analysis by Cook casts doubt on this. Probably it was more related to a degradation in image quality due to seeing than a true TLP. An ALPO/BAA weight of 1 has been assigned.
Aristarchus 1973 Oct 12 UTC 18:13-18:45 observed by Pasternak "Bright region of the S. of the crater, color was red." - Hilbrecht and Kuveler, Earth, Moon & Planets, 30 (1984), p53-61. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1978 Apr 23 at UT20:35 (Rawlings, UK, finderscope, x50) observed a bright flash (~0.3 sec duration) near to Copernicus (20W, 9N) with rays to the south east whilst he looked through a finder scope. Moore, who studied the drawing, suggests that the area of the flash was near Copernicus. However Cameron says this cannot be the case if the flash was in darkness as mentioned in the BAA Lunar Section circular. She comments that it might have been a meteor? The Cameron 2005 catalog ID=28 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1955 Nov 01 UTC 02:50-03:05 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3.5" reflector x100, S=6, T=5) "Proc. D normally 5 deg bright was vis. tonite only in blue light, whereas usually is vis. in integrated light. However at col. 110.5 deg it was a dark spot (see # 816) C.p. tonite was normal 5 deg bright but in Oct. lun. was dark". NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #625. Note Proclus D does not refer to the crater Proclus D as defined by the IAU, but probably to a spot inside the crater that Bartlett designated D!
Aristarchus 1962 May 20 UTC 08:00? Observed by Wildey, Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA ?, 60" reflector? Photometer) "Reddish color in Aris. 0.88 magnitudes brighter than normal (photometry)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #758. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Bullialdus 1962 May 20 UTC 08:00? Observed by Wildey, Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA ?, 60" reflector? Photometer) "1.05 magnitudes brighter than normal (photometry)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #758. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Kepler 1962 May 20 UTC 08:00? Observed by Wildey, Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA ?, 60" reflector? Photometer) "1.03 magnitudes brighter than normal (photometry)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #758.
Enhancement of spectrum in UV and CaI recorded on photoelectric spectrometer scans by Grainger and Ring in Italy. Effect seen on Aristarchus. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=740 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 1970 Nov 14 UT20:10 J.Coates (Burnley Astromical Society, 8.5" reflector, x102 and x204) saw a dirty green colour on the NW region of the crater, in patches, with a green area nearby. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
1969Jan04 UT19:30-20:00 W.Deane (Hendon, UK, 2" refractor) observed a bright yellow spot just E of Aristarchus, stretching from the S. end of Montes Harbinger to the S. wall of Prinz. The ALPO/BAA weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1984 Feb 18 at 05:35UT Moseley (Coventry, UK, 6" reflector, x120, seeing II-III, transparency very poor to good) found that the crater was difficult to define. However observing conditions variable. P. Moore observed that the crater was normal at 04:00UT. Moseley found the crater well defined later. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=242 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Gassendi 1940 Aug 20 UT 03:25 Observed by Haas (NM?, USA, 12" reflector?) "Largest bright spot on SE pt. of floor had I=8.6 (real changes? see @ '#649, 474, & 475, all similar change)." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #472. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Peirescius 1985 Dec 28 UT ~20:56 (Col. 112.5) H. Hill (UK) observed that this crater was piercingly bright. Repeat colongitude observations on later dates failed to show a similar effect. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1976 Aug 12 UT 07:30 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" reflector 45-225x, S=6=3, T=5) "Nimbus around c.p.=2deg, S.floor=6deg & was red; rest of floor=8deg. This is only tint in Aris.). Tonite saw a pale red glow suffasing the S. region of the crater. Bright blue radiance (gas?) on ENE wall. Viol. radiance on plateau m gone tonite. Red glow on 13th & the region was yellow- brown." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1442.
On 1983 Jan 30 at UT 23:45 Chapman (England, UK) observed that Censorinus was low in brightness. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=199 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Jan 30 at UT 23:45 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector) measured that the brightness of the region around Toricelli B was 2.3 (high) and there was a slight blue colour. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID= 199 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
In 1941 Jul 11 at UT 04:00? Haas (New Mexico?, USA, 12" reflector) observed near Hansteen "Moving luminous speck, estimated 0.1" diam., mag 8 (rept. date was 10. Lunar meteor?". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= 487 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1986 Feb 26 at 05:00UT a photograph was obtained by T. Kohman of Pittsburgh, PA, USA (3.5" Questar and 0.25 sec exposure) that had two bands above the limb, resembling ejecta plumes. Cameron suspects that these are probably flare from the eyepiece optics. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=282 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1870 Feb 18 UTC 00:00? Observed by Gledhill (Halifax, England, 9" refractor) "Illum. of another group of craters different from group in Aug. & Sep. obs. (date is F18 if phase is similar to Ap 1870) NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #164.
Aristarchus 1969 Dec 26 UT 03:35-03:45 Observed by Kilburn (England, 6" x192) "Suspected faint blink & glow outside of SW(IAU?) wall. Large area was gray toward Herod. Another blink inside between 2 bands at0330h. At 0345h neither blinks seen. Blink seen in blue (=red event?). Next nite crater was normal." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1231.
Plato 1938 Jun 15 UTC 08:00 Observed by Haas? (New Mexico?, 12?" reflector) "NW. end of floor had intensity I=2.0, but on 7/15/38, I= 3.7, conditions similar." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #439.
Plato 1971 Dec 05 UT21:00-21:10 D.B.Taylor (Dundee, UK, 10" refractor, conditions poor and turbulent). Observer suspected colour orange colour near bright spot on north wall. Observation ceased due to being clouded out. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1968 Dec 07 UT 07:00? observed by Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector+Moon Blink) "Bluing around 3 craters, strongest at Aris. Lasted several days. Photos show 30% more intensity in blue filter than in red or neutral. Moon's declination northerly. Obs. think it was due to atm. effects" NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #1105.
On 1968 Dec 07 at UT 07:00? Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector and Moon Blink device) observed a bluing around three craters, one of which was Kepler. This effect lasted several days. Photographs were taken that show30% more intensity in the blue filter than in red or neutral. The Moon's decination was northerly. The observers suspect that it was an atmospheric efect and not a TLP. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1105 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1976 Aug 13 UT 07:30 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" reflector 45-225x, S=6=3, T=5) "Nimbus around c.p.=2deg, S.floor=6deg & was red; rest of floor=8deg. This is only tint in Aris.). Tonite saw a pale red glow suffasing the S. region of the crater. Bright blue radiance (gas?) on ENE wall. Viol. radiance on plateau m gone tonite. Red glow on 13th & the region was yellow- brown." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1442.
Area of darkness overlapping NW rim. It was visible through this area of obscuration. Sketch. Cameron 2006 extended catalog ID=376 and Cameron weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1985 Dec 29th at UT 23:23-23:58, M. Mobberley (Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, UK, seeing II-III) made a video scan of the Moon. P.W. Foley examined the tape and noted something that Mobberley had not seen visually. Two scans of Totticelli B had taken place, one at 23:23 and the other at 23:58UT. In the first a brilliant point appeared briefly, on the western rim, positioned at 3o'clock. In the second video sequence this brilliant spot was present continuously and wandered along the rim. It was possible to monitor frequency of turbulence present, this apparent movement did not ppear to conform, although judgement here was extremelydifficult as the feature was at absolute point of resolution, a little better than 0.5 mile. Also considered was the implication of the equipment effect, this did not seem to fit either as other nerby craters in the same configuration, 30% shadow filled with sunlight on exterior of western walls. A point to watch for in future. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Messier & A 1972 Aug 27 UT 08:51-09:21 Observed by Hansen (LeMoore, CA, USA, 6" reflector, x200) "Perculiar thread of shadow connecting the 2 craters. Sun's elev. @ 6deg. Drawing (possibly a high peak on E.wall of A casting a shadow?)" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1342.
On 1944 Mar 12 at UT 23:00 H.P. Wilkins (Kent, UK, 8.5" reflector) observed that Plato appeared incomplete - the central crater had it's north wall obscured. cameron comments that maybe this was due to the low altitude of the Moon? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=491 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Grimaldi 1937 Sep 23 UT 05:00 Observed by Firsoff (Glastonbury, England, 6" reflector + filter) "Variations in green. Strong green on this date. Other dates of variation are: Date Time Color 4/29/37 0930 slight 3/23/38 09?30 strong 7/24/38 0830 gray-green NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #424.
Birt 1972 Sep 25 UT 23:20-23:45 Observed by Doherty (Stoke-on-Trent, England, 10" reflector x280, S=VG) "All bright areas were similar in intensity (albedo) but 2 larger ones at times seemed brighter. N & S. The E. IAU? wall of the small craterlet showed most prominently & at times suspected a faint pt. of light just W. of its center. This was very suspect however." NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1345.
Darling, alerted by Keyes saw Aris >> brighter obj on moon (as it normally is) Comet ray & N rim of Herod. >> could see no detail - Aris. except two bands, moon was pale yellow (low alt.) with halo around it. Nothing unusual elsewhere. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID #384 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1, just in case there is some merit in this report?
Darling, alerted by Keyes saw Aris >> brighter obj on moon (as it normally is) Comet ray & N rim of Herod. >> could see no detail - Aris. except two bands, moon was pale yellow (low alt.) with halo around it. Nothing unusual elsewhere. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID #384 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1, just in case there is some merit in this report?
C.Brook (Plymouth, UK) noticed that the east wall of this crater was brighter than the walls of nearby craters. Cameron comments that Foley says that this is normal and agrees. Cameron 2006 Catalog Extension ID= 433 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1964 Feb 02 at UT08:30-09:40 G.Reneau and B.Crowe (2.4" refractor, x90)observed Ross D to be double. This was during a time when observers were looking for a Ranger crash plume. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=799 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Something resembling a cigar shaped shiny object seen on S rim - hanging over a smaller crater. It looked like a bright aluminum can in the sun & cast a shadow onto the rim. The length was 8-10 miles long x 1 mile wide at the central point. It appeared tapered to points at both ends. Observer studied it for several hours. S term. ~60-70miles away. Apparently not related to topog. Alt. 8deg. Cameron 2006 Extension catalog weight=3. ALPO/BAA catalog weight=1.
Plinius 1937 Jul 27 UT 04:37 Observed by Haas (Alliance, OH, 12"? reflector) "E. end of c.p. varied in intensity at similar lighting conditions. Intensity was low est on this nite, being at I=5.0. Other nites were: Date Time col. I 6/23/37 0600 84 8.5 7/20/37 0200 58 6.0 7/22/37 0300 78 6.5 9/22/37 0700 114 6.0 9/24/37 0830 142 6.5 10/17/37 0100 59 8.5 10/21/37 0500 109 8.5 NASA catalog weight=4 (good) on this and the nights listed. NASA catalog ID #422. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1969 Dec 28 UT 00:24 Observed by Kilburn (England, 6" reflector x192) "Blink in same place as #1231. Very faint and large area." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1232.
Observed by Bartlett (Baltimire, MD, USA, 5" reflector, x150) "N. half of crater hazy & ill-defined". S=5, T=4. NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID 571.
Theophilus 1971 Dec 06 UT 21:35-23:20 Observed by Findlay, Ford, Taylor, Robbie (Dundee, Scotland, 10" reflector x180), Bolger (Chester, England), Fitton (Lancashire, England, 8" reflector). "Red-orange patch on E. (IAU?) floor even without a blink. Others confirmed. Dimmed by 2105h but still seen. Dimmer yet at 2230h & gone at 2300h. Baum saw brownish-red patch at 25.5E, 12.5S. Taylor saw reddish patch SE of crater, fainter at 2220h, gone at 2300h. Fitton saw image very dull,yellow & steady. Filters showed nothing unusual, & nothing seen at 2320h." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1320. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1979 Aug 12 at UT07:00-10:35 D. Darling and wife (Sun Prarie, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x342, photos, S=9/10) observed a cigar shaped protruberance in Romer crater that cast a 32km long shadow, nestled in a valley rille next to Romer. This was a confirmed observation. The effect persisted intil sunset. The top of the object and two points on the crater rim were reflecting the Sun's rays. "Top of obj. & 2 pts on crater rim reflected suns rays. It was as high as the crater rim whereas the rill wall was not. Took photos. he has studied this area and never saw such a phenom before. Photos did not show it". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=65 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 2004 Dec 02 UT 01:55-02:45 Observed by Brook (Plymouth, England, 60mm OG x120) "Fluctuation in the brightness and definition of A of about 1/4 to 1/2 minute period. Rest of field unaffected. Checked for cloud wih naked eye during fades - negative. Checked for misting and tear salt on eyepiece by shifting A around the field - negative." BAA Lunar Section report.
Aristarchus 2004 Dec 02 UT 03:00 Observed bt Michael Amato (West Haven, CT, USA, 127mm Maksutov, x123) "The brightness variation (as seen by Brook earlier) was very apparent. One thing never seen before by Amato was a thin short bright ray that extended out in the opposite direction as Aristarchus bright ray". The higher the Moon climbed in the sky the more obvious this short thin bright ray became. An ALPO report.
Aristarchus 1973 Oct 16/17 UT 22:16-01:00 Observed by Morgan (England) "Invis. of NW wall bands. Seeing by no means perfect" NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID #1376. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Eratosthenes 1976 Sep 14 UTC 04:24 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" reflector, 45-300x, S=6, T=3 hazy) "Pseudo shadow F disappeared & wall here is same intensity as whole inner crater wall, = 4deg. No change in X, X3 or X2 (4 deg much brighter than normal)." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). Cameron c1978 atalog ID=1453 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Marcus Price (Camberley, Surrey, UK) noted that Aristarchus was extremely bright. A 6" reflector was used. The Cameron 2006 Catalog ID is #98 and the weight is 1. The ALPO/BAA weight is 1 too.
On 1987 Oct 13 at UT14:00-17:00 J. Moeller (Kirkville, NY, USA, 6" reflector) observe and 10x70 binoculars) noted that Aristarchus was brilliant in the sky and the most striking feature on the lunar surface (2-3x brighter than Tycho). It appeared as a hazy white cloud at first. The effect lasted for 3 hours. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=309 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1997 Jul 25/26 at UT 23:00-00:00 S. Fox (Dundee Tayside, Scotland, UK, 15cm f/5 reflector with x4 Barlow). A series of photographs were taken that show a glow just beyond the terminator, near to Callipus crater. Almost certainly this is lens flare from the Barlow lens. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Observations made with a variable polarizer (akin to a crater extinction device) to measure brighness with red and blue filters. Some variability in brightness noted. With the Kodak Wratten 25 and 38A filters there was little or no increase in contrast with the red filter, but with the blue filter there was a great increase in contrast of the brighter areas of the crater - the crater floor and patches of lighter material, especially at the north end. The remaining areas were supressed with the Blue 38A. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1966 Dec 04 UTC 01:05-01:23 Observed by Whippey (Northolt? England, 6" reflector, x212) "Abrupt flash of red, setling in immediately to a pt. of red haze nr. NW (ast.?) wall. Continuous till 0123 (date given was 4-12-66 = European convention?)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1000.
On 1966 Apr 12 at UT 01:05-01:23 Whippey (Northolt, England, UK, 6" reflector x212) and Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" Moon Blink) observed in Gassendi: "Abrupt flash of red, settling immediately to a point of red haze near NW (IAU?) wall. Continuous till 0123h. (Not confirmed at Corralitos Obs. MB--at same time?". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=927 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1980 Jul 05 at 03:20UT P.Moore (Selsey, UK, 12?" reflector) found Aristarchus to be "Very brilliant indeed". Cameron 2006 TLP catalog ID=100 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Alphonsus 1956 Oct 26 UT 12:54 Observed by Alter (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector, S=E) "Photog. thru UV & IR filters. Obscur. of E. 1/2 of floor evident in blue plates -- KodakII-O plate no filter. 2m later Kodak I-N. One pair of plates best he'd ever seen. Similar obscuration seen 2X on Linne (this started Kozyrev on his spectrographic program.)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #653.
On 1981 Mar 28 at 01:45-02:45UT M. Mobberley (Suffolk, UK, using a 14" reflector) noted that Aristarchus was very bright, but everything else was normal. The Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=127 and the weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1980 Aug 04 UT 11:40-11:53 Observed by Jean Nicolini (Campinas, SP, Brazil, 6" reflector and 12" reflector) "Red glow seen on SE exterior of Aristarchus". ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1955 Jul 13 UTC 02:50 Observed by Firsoff (Somerset, England) "Brilliant in blue & green filters. Didn't seem to be as clear as other craters." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #598.
Grimaldi 1972 Aug 02 UT 23:42 Observed by Taylor, Findlay, Ford (Dundee, Scotland, 10" refractor, x180, filters) "Blink in crater, slight but definite on W. wall. Appeared bright without filters. Confirmed by Findlay & Ford. Aris., Gass. & prom. Heraclides were normal." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1339. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Spitzenberg Mountains 1980 Jul 06 UT 02:05-02:26 Observed by Madj (Newsome, Huddersfield, UK, 70mm OG, Seeing started as I and ended up as IV) "Obscuration seen near Spitzenberg Mountains" BAA Lunar Section Report.
Tycho 1990 Dec 10 UT 11:03-12:49 Observed by Darling (Sun Prairie, WI, USA, 12.5" Newtonian, x63) "Nebulous patch seen where the central peak should have been in the 90% shadow filled crater. The nebulous patch is seen to vary in size and a star-like point is seen inside it briefly for 1 sec. The nebulous patch was a bit like what one expects from a close-up view of a cometry nucleus. A sketch and an image can be found on the following web site: http://www.ltpresearch.org/ltpreports/ltp19901210.htm " An ALPO report.
Copernicus 1996 Sep 06 UT 01:45 Observed by C Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60mm refractor x28, x112, transparency, not good) "Shadows of central mountains could not be seen although the shadows on the crater ramparts were visible" BAA Lunar Section report. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Tycho 1991 Sep 02 UT 07:34-08:40 Observed by Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" f/5 Newtonian, 159-248x with red and green filters) "Central peak appeared initially star-like with occasional glimpses of a nebulous patch. At 07:54 an arch of light seen inside the crater. Various starlike or blurriness states seen to the central peak. The luminescence seen was brighter in the red filter than in the blue." An ALPO report - for further details see: http://www.ltpresearch.org/ltpreports/ltp19910902.htm
Aristarchus 1973 Aug 22 UT 00:22-00:23 Observed by Germann (Observer at 47.3N, 8.9E, 200mm reflector, S=2, T=2) "Well Observed bright point disappeared within a minute". - Hilbrecht and Kuveler, Earth, Moon & Planets, 30 (1984), p53-61
Herodotus 1955 Jul 15 UT 03:50 Observer by Firsoff (Somerset, England, 6.5" reflector?) "Shadow from apparent c.p. (Orbiter photos don't show it but Apollo 16 oblique shows a very low hill or hills, but slope is < 2.5deg" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #599. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1983 Feb 08 at 06:30UT Toricelli B was observed by P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector) to be visible in Earthshine as a luminous patch. This was rather odd because it is only a small crater and not normally bright. The Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=201 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1969 Feb 12 at UT 12:00 Taboada (Mexico, seeing=excellent) found that the Aristarchus region had the same characteristics as the previous days, perhaps a little darker colour brown, but more remarkable. He used red, blue and green filters and a difference in colour was noticed in and out of the region. Cameron suspects that permanent colour was being seen? The cameron 1978 catalog ID=1116 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weigh=2.
On 1882 Nov 07 at UT 05:00 Hopkins (UK) observed the dark eastern limb and a line of light and attributed this to a lunar atmosphere. Further details can be found in: Reference: Sirius 16, 279, 1883. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=229 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1884 Sep 16 at UT 09:30-10:00 Heywood (Westville, Ohio, 2" refractor) saw an unusually bright glow covering dark part, nearly uniform. Thought it was electric because it was too bright for Earthshine. It obscured features. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1
On 1981 Jul 06 at UT01:49 Hobdell (St Peterburg, FL, USA, 2.4" refractor) saw a yellow flash from Bullialdus in earthshine. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1822 Jan 27 at UT 20:00? F. Struve (Pulkovo Observatory? Russia) observed near Aristarchus an 8th magnitude star-like point. Seen through overcast! (Klado gave date as 1821 but must be in error according to cameron). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=95 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1969 Oct 16 at UT 00:00-00:30 Celis (Quilpue, Chile, 3" refractor, x60, seeing=very good) observed brilliant points at 8.5 magnitude in Aristarchus. This was not seen the next night or the one after, nor after 5 days age. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1204 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1972 Dec 10 at UT21:11 Schmitt, whilst orbiting the Moon on Apollo 17 saw a flash in Grimaldi. When questioned by Cameron upon return to Earth, he said that he was dark adapted at the time and was unable to say whether it was a cosmic ray or an impact flash. Cameron says that there have been many similar reports in the past from Earth-based observers e.g. TLP report No. 1167). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1352 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1794 Mar 07 at UT 20:00 Stretton and Wilkins (England, UK) observed Aristarchus appearing as a light like a star in Earthsine to the naked eye(independent confirmation according to Cameron?). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=73 and 74 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Near Desseilgny in Mare Serenitatis (29E, 25N) 1971 Feb 01 UT 19:40- 20:15 Observed by Persson (Hvidore, Denmark, 2.5" refractor, x100, S=G) "Obscur. (blurred & dark) starting between Plinius & Menelaus moving towards Posidonius. Normal after 2 min. A little crater (white spot) periodically disappeared for several secs regularly every few min. There was haze above onlt this spot. A tiny crater SE of it was invis. till 2015h then became clear & steady. Color was reddish-brown. Drawing. (Apollo 14 watch)." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID 1293.
On 1972 Dec 11 at UT22:28 Cernan, on board Apollo 17, saw a flash on the east rille in Mare Orientale (88W, 20S) as he orbited the Moon. The Cameron 1978 catalog weight=1354 and the weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1964 Jun 17 at UT 04:15-05:01 Cross et al. (Whittier, CA, USA, 19" ? reflector, S=7-8) observed near Ross D: "Gas cloud. Motion". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=818 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Agrippa 1966 Nov 19/20 UTC 23:58-00:14 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector x283, S=4, T=5) "Faint bluish tinge seen at base of NW wall beneath landslip" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #995.
Cassini E 2002 Dec 11 UT 16:30-18:46 Observed by Knott (Liverpool, England, 216mm Newtonian, x216, red and blue filters used) seeing III, transparency good) "Observations carried out of the area extending from the Alpine Valley to the Crater Cassini. At 17:12 a pin point bright flash was seen NW of the rim of the crater E in white light. A 2nd pin point flash was also seen at 18:18, this time thru a blue filter. The 2nd flash was also seen on the NW rim of the crater E. The observer does not think this was a TLP as the seeing was III, but the flash was so bright as to be startling. Other peaks within the Alps were bright but were much less so in red and ble filters, where the rim of the crater E. NW edge was very bright in all filters, including white light. Incoming cloud prevented further observation." BAA Lunar Section report.
On 1997 Apr 14 at UT 20:00-22:00 F. Paolo (Legnano, Italy) photographed a lunar flare on the lunar limb.
Alphonsus 1965 May 08 UTC 05:47-05:59 Observed by McLaria (Huntsville, Alabama, USA, 16" reflector, S=9) "Light flashes on c.p. color detected by Trident M.B." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #875. ALPO/BAA weight=5.
In 1922 May 04 at UT Burnerd (England?) discovered three long mounds in Archimedes crater (rays?). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=385 and weight= 0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1986 Nov 09 at UT 23:00 Quinn (Glebview, IL, USA, 8" reflector, x49- x305) found īn the vicinity of an unnamed ridge points toward Pico- two bright points about 5 magnitudes brighter than any other part of the Moon. The Alpine valley points directly between these two points. "Came from apparently featureless area. Both points about the same size, but different shapes ~ width of alpine valley" The observer used 4 different eyepieces and the points were brightest in the lowest power. Other specks of light could be seen in the darkness wound the N point. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=289 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Alphonsus and limb 1967 Apr 17 UTC 21:30 Observed by Wise (England, 6.5" reflector, x90) "3 dark patches (Alphonsus) prominent. Suspected red patch (blink ?). (indep. confirm. of Cross 1h later?)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1024.
Plato 1967 Apr 17 UTC 21:30 Observed by Wise (England, 6.5" reflector, x90) "Suspected a blink, (red?)" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1025.
On 1967 Apr 17 UT 21:30 Observed by Wise (England, 6.5" reflector, x90) saw a brilliant object nr. E(ast. ?) limb (West Lim IAU?) for 15m. Check on star maps neg. (indep. confirm. of Cross 1h later?)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1024.
On 2003 Apr 10 at 00:40UT a GLR observer G. Jasmin (Quebec, Canada, using a 10" F-10 Schmidt Cassegrain) took a photograph of Alphonsus crater on Kodak 400ASA film with an exposure of 1/30th sec. There was a light visible (diameter 10 km) inside Alphonsus and the effect was present for 5 minutes. The observer commented that they have seen a light in this crater many times before, but never as long as 5 minutes. This report was submitted to the GLR group in Italy. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Thaetetus 1952 Dec 24 UT 20:00? Observed by Moore (England?) "Bright spot, hazy line of light" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID 556. ALPO/BAA weigh=2.
On 1889 Jun 06 at 22:00 UT Lade of France (8" refractor) saw two extremely bright spots (Plato B & D). Cameron 1978 catalog ID=262 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1988 Feb 25 at UT20:00? P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector) found that Aristarchus was very bright (especially in the UV end of the spectrum) despite other features not being seen in Earthshine. The cameron 2006 catalog ID=318 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2009 Aug 28 at UTC 17:00:15-17:00:42 S. Khachatryan (Yerevan, Armenia, 127mm Maksutov-Cassegrain, x171, seeing 9 (1=worst and 10- best), Transparency 5-6 on a scale of 1 to 6) observed in the Chacornac area a series of fiery sparks (dot like with tiny rays), slightly elongated with the multitudinal rays orientated towards the south west direction. The colour was mostly red, with some yellow. The final flash was the most clear. The TLP was tiny in area, but "was distinctly bright against any other object on the Moon". The positional uncertainty of the location of the spark effect was approximately +/- 150 km, based upon an examination of an atlas afterwards. Just prior to the spark effect, something dark, small and fuzzy (only just discrnable to the eye, through the eyepiece) was seen to pass from the west across the Moon in a slight curve, round the surface of the Moon to the east (post observation estimate: seen for 3.5 sec and covered roughly 8% of the lunar diameter in that time). The area of the dark object was comparable in size to (or slightly less than?) craters such as Autolycus F (diameter 3km) or le Monnier E (diameter 4km) i.e. on the limits of vision of the scope used. The location of the flash was not exactly at the same location as the dark object passed across, but gave the impression of starting from it? A back of the envelope calculation of the lunar diameter covered in the time quoted gives an approximate speed (at the lunar distance) of 80km/s or on the very high end of typical meteor streams that pass by. At closer distances, and recalculated velocities, it is unlikely to be a satellite in low Earth orbit (20m/sec at 100km distance), but could perhaps be a bird or insect at a few km range? So was this dark object something in our atmosphere by chance passing across the field of view close to the time of the TLP flare or was at the lunar distance and related to the TLP? Incidentally, no attempt was made during this observation to move the scope to check that the TLP remained stationary against the Moon. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1993 Jun 27 at UT 19:55-20:21 and 20:24-21:04) D. Kane (England? UK, 4" refractor) discovered that the central peak of Alphonsus crater was very bright. The central peak was also brighter in red than in blue light. However G. North (Herstmonceux, UK, 6" reflector, x135, seeing V-III) and M. Cook (Frimley, UK, 4" reflcrctor, x10, seeing=III) observed that the central peak was normal, however they did not use filters. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID= and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Proclus 1972 Aug 17 UT 20:05-21:10 Observed by Haiduk (13.25E, 52.5N, 60mm refractor, S=1, T=3) "Well visible bright area at the NE wall, end of event uncertain for seeing became poor" Hilbrecht & Kuveler Moon & Planets (1984) Vol 30, pp53-61.
Linne 1868 Jul 28 UT 20:00? Observed by Tacchini (Palermo, Italy) "Shadow not so marked-had a light penumbra, indicated a feeble cavity. Other craters had a black shad. On 29th appeared completely white. Crater normal on 26th. (letter to Madler Sep. 16, 1868)." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #159.
On 1989 Feb 15 at UT 03:15-03:30 M. Dixon (Palenque Ruins, Mexico, 7x35 binouculars) observed a point of light that was very bright in or near Mare Humorum. It was visible for 5 minutes then vanished. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=353 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1949 Mar 09 UT 02:00-03:00 E.J.Reese (6" reflector x240) and one hour later T.R.Hake (5" refractor x300) both unable to see any detail on the floor of Plato, despite both being able to see a "difficult to see" cleft near to the crater Connon. Reese was able to see detail under similar illumination back in 1948 and 1947 and saw the floor craterlets in Plato clearly then. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Copernicus 1955 Jul 28 UT 20:20 Observed by Firsoff (Somerset, England, 6.5" reflector x200) "Great brilliance of the terraces in E(IAU?) wall system(?) gets specular refl. (he gave 0820UT, but must have meant 2020" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog No. #600.
On 1952 Feb 05 at UT 05:10 J.Carle (USA, 8" reflector, x180) observed the following in Plato: "A shadow in a depression, or a cloud, or an optical illus.? Oval dark area nr. center, disappeared in 15m clear & prominenet at first then vanished. 4 of 14 spots nr. center continuously seen while remaining ones seen only momentarily. (seeing?) Drawing includes sketch on March 7. His sketch shows 18 spots, 13 same as here". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=549 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1976 Jun 06 UT 21:30-21:40 S.Spencer and R. Hunt (60mm refractor, x150 and x60) both observed red on the SW corner of Aristarchus. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1990 Aug 30 at UT02:11-02:36 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3" refractor, x90, seeing conditions: "at,. boiling") noted a coloured area on the west wall of Copernicus that was unusual in appearance - however other craters along the terminator had a similar effect. There was also a "dazzling bright spot on the E. rim and he witnessed 6 flashes from the lighted part of Copernicus over a very short time interval. Cameron comments that the colour may well have been dur to chromatic aberation because a refractor was used. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=408 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1990 Aug 30 at UT 02:11-02:36 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3" reflector, x90, atmosphereic conditions: boiling) found "N rim of Proc. bright interior uniform gray". The Cameron 2006 catalog report is slight unclear as the description for thnis 1990 Aug 30 TLP also includes Copernicus and Censorinus in the list of TLP craters. So one description which might refere to Copernicus, could possibly have been meant for Proclus, namely: "Dazling bright spot on E rim. Rotated eyepiece but no change. N rim of Proc.......". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=408 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Alphonsus 1966 Nov 22 UT 03:17-03:40 Observed by kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 8" relector x300) "Seen first with (Eng.) moon blink, red filter but not in the green. Not seen at 03:42h" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #998.