Hyginus Nova 1877 Nov 13 UT 20:00? Observed by Crain, Klein, Eng. officer (France?, Cologne (Germany), Enland?, 6" refractor?, S=E) "Standing out with such prominence, seen at a glance. No trace of it on 14th, in excell seeing. (indep. confirm.?)"NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #198. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Thaetetus 1952 Dec 24 UT 20:00? Observed by Moore (England?) "Bright spot, hazy line of light" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID 556. ALPO/BAA weigh=2.
Menelaus 1969 Nov 17 UT 16:00-19:00 Observed by Rubens de Azevedo,A. Monghilhot, E. Leal e Jose Fernandes (Joao Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil, 8" and 10" reflectors) "Entire crater of Men. illum. by pale greenish light. (Azevedo)" NASA catalog weight=5 NASA catalog ID #1211a. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 2003 Apr 10 at 00:40UT a GLR observer G. Jasmin (Quebec, Canada, using a 10" F-10 Schmidt Cassegrain) took a photograph of Alphonsus crater on Kodak 400ASA film with an exposure of 1/30th sec. There was a light visible (diameter 10 km) inside Alphonsus and the effect was present for 5 minutes. The observer commented that they have seen a light in this crater many times before, but never as long as 5 minutes. This report was submitted to the GLR group in Italy. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2009 Aug 28 at UTC 17:00:15-17:00:42 S. Khachatryan (Yerevan, Armenia, 127mm Maksutov-Cassegrain, x171, seeing 9 (1=worst and 10- best), Transparency 5-6 on a scale of 1 to 6) observed in the Chacornac area a series of fiery sparks (dot like with tiny rays), slightly elongated with the multitudinal rays orientated towards the south west direction. The colour was mostly red, with some yellow. The final flash was the most clear. The TLP was tiny in area, but "was distinctly bright against any other object on the Moon". The positional uncertainty of the location of the spark effect was approximately +/- 150 km, based upon an examination of an atlas afterwards. Just prior to the spark effect, something dark, small and fuzzy (only just discrnable to the eye, through the eyepiece) was seen to pass from the west across the Moon in a slight curve, round the surface of the Moon to the east (post observation estimate: seen for 3.5 sec and covered roughly 8% of the lunar diameter in that time). The area of the dark object was comparable in size to (or slightly less than?) craters such as Autolycus F (diameter 3km) or le Monnier E (diameter 4km) i.e. on the limits of vision of the scope used. The location of the flash was not exactly at the same location as the dark object passed across, but gave the impression of starting from it? A back of the envelope calculation of the lunar diameter covered in the time quoted gives an approximate speed (at the lunar distance) of 80km/s or on the very high end of typical meteor streams that pass by. At closer distances, and recalculated velocities, it is unlikely to be a satellite in low Earth orbit (20m/sec at 100km distance), but could perhaps be a bird or insect at a few km range? So was this dark object something in our atmosphere by chance passing across the field of view close to the time of the TLP flare or was at the lunar distance and related to the TLP? Incidentally, no attempt was made during this observation to move the scope to check that the TLP remained stationary against the Moon. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Fauchier of Marseilles, France, seeing=good - fair and the Moon at a high altitude, saw two lights on the Moon brighter than any others during similar circumstances. They had colour. These had not been seen before and he ruled out cromatic aberation. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=249 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1889 Jun 06 at 22:00 UT Lade of France (8" refractor) saw two extremely bright spots (Plato B & D). Cameron 1978 catalog ID=262 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
2004 Dec 20 UT 02:51-03:26 R. Gray (Winumma, USA) noted that the crater had exceptional brightness to nimbus surrounding it. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1972 Aug 17 UT 20:05-21:10 Observed by Haiduk (13.25E, 52.5N, 60mm refractor, S=1, T=3) "Well visible bright area at the NE wall, end of event uncertain for seeing became poor" Hilbrecht & Kuveler Moon & Planets (1984) Vol 30, pp53-61.
Proclus 1972 Oct 15 UT 20:48 Observed by Hopp (13.25E, 52.5N, 75mm refractor) "Bright flash at the NW wall but poor seeing." T=3, S=5. Ref: Hilbrecht & Kuveler Moon & Planets (1984) Vol 30, pp53-61. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1995 Jul 06 at UT 03:22-03:57 R. Spellman (Los Angeles, USA found that the floor of Proclus appeared to darken slightly through a blue filter. The ALPO/BAA weight=2. Source of this observation came from Spellman's web site.
Hyginus Nova 1867 Nov 14 UT 20:00? Observed by Crain, Klein, Eng. officer (France?, Cologne (Germany), Enland?, 6" refractor?, S=E) "On 13th it was standing out with such prominence, seen at a glance. No trace of it on 14th, in excell seeing. (indep. confirm.?)"NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #198.
Tycho 1940 Jul 14 UT 02:00? Observed by Haas (NM? USA, 12"? reflector) "Luminous marks in shadow, ragged edged & irreg. shape. E. wall had a milky luminosity" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #468. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1949 Mar 09 UT 02:00-03:00 E.J.Reese (6" reflector x240) and one hour later T.R.Hake (5" refractor x300) both unable to see any detail on the floor of Plato, despite both being able to see a "difficult to see" cleft near to the crater Connon. Reese was able to see detail under similar illumination back in 1948 and 1947 and saw the floor craterlets in Plato clearly then. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1964 Feb 22 at UT 05:00 Harris (Whittier, CA, 19" reflector, x100) observed the appearance of a ring to the south east of Ross D. Cameron says that 7 persons have seen this over a 2.5 year period. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=801 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Gassendi 1967 Feb 18 UT 20:30-20:40 Observed by Moore, Moseley (Armagh, Northern Ireland, 10" refractor, x300) "Red color in crater (in dark)". NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1015. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1979 Jul 03 at UT 20:55-21:20 J-H. Robinson (Teighmouth, Devon, UK, 10" reflector, seeing II) observed that Messier was brighter than Messier A. No colour was observed. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID is 58 and the weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2010 Aug 19 at UT 00:50-01:02 J.Albert (Lakeworth, FL, USA, C11, Transparency 3, Seeing 7-8, 86F and very humid. Oberver checking out repeat illumination condition appearence for Tycho concerning LTP #468 in the 1978 Cameron catalog. Did not see the effect from the original TLP report, but did see, immediately at looking at Tycho a very faint hint of redness in a pencil thin arc (< 1/4 circumference of the rim) confined to the top of the rim of the well-lit north east wall. Coloured arc similar in thickness to Rupes Recta, but not as sharply defined. The outer (E) edge was perhaps sharper than the inner edge. The redness was more on the inside of the top of the rim. The outside of the rim was bright white. This effect was seen in three different eyepieces, at 311x, 224x and 400x. Checked for the effect on other craters nearby but could not see this effect anywhere else. The colour had dissapeared by 01:02UT. The fade took about 1-2 minutes. Observation of Tycho continued until 01:06UT, but all seemed normal. Quick checks were made again on Tycho periodically until 02:50UT but the colour was not seen again. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1980 May 23 at UT21:14-21:55 J.H. Robinson (Teighmouth, Devon, UK, 12" reflector, seeing II-III) could see Aristarchus in blue and clear filters, but not in red light. Robinson saw some variability in this effect with time. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=96 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1980 May 23 at UT21:14-22:18 G. Blair (Bridge of Weir, Scotland, UK, 216mm reflector, seeing II-IV) found a red tinge along the western wall of Coperncius, perhaps 32km in length. This was invisible in a blue-green Wratten 44a filter, but was unmistakble in a red Wratten 25 filter. Could have been spurious colour - but no other regiosn were affected. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1980 May 23 at UT 21:14-21:18 Marco Petek (Porto Alegre, Brazil) saw in the region of Littrow and an area of dark mare south west from Littrow to Argaeus, abnormal darkness, and a rapid change of form. He also saw a shadow extending south east from Campanus opposite to the Sun - however Foley thinks this is normal. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=96 and weight=0 or 1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Copernicus 1955 Jul 28 UT 20:20 Observed by Firsoff (Somerset, England, 6.5" reflector x200) "Great brilliance of the terraces in E(IAU?) wall system(?) gets specular refl. (he gave 0820UT, but must have meant 2020" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog No. #600.
Atlas 1966 Dec 21 UT 17:10 Observed by Andre (Belgium, 3" refractor) "Bright spot on SE part of floor, not seen in photo on 12/18/66" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1003.
Aristarchus 1976 Jun 06 UT 21:30-21:40 S.Spencer and R. Hunt (60mm refractor, x150 and x60) both observed red on the SW corner of Aristarchus. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
2012 Sep 24 UT 22:00-23:00 Copernicus. E. Horner (Salisbury, UK, 15cm reflector) observed a prominent red arc where the sunlit part of the interior wall met the shadow. Sometimes the arc was 1/4 the way around the interior, and sometimes half of the way around. Telescope moved, but the red arc stayed where it was. Eyepieces change, but the effect remained. Other parts of the Moon checked, but no red seen. There were however splashes of green e.g. Longomontanus on the terminator, elsewhere further inland from the termionator, and little splashes of green on Mare Frigoras - but lasting a brief time. The red colour was as strong as a red LED and the green similar to that of the northern lights. The observer's husband was asked to independetly check Copernicus and remarked that he could see a little bit of green at the top and some red near the bottom, along the line of the internal shadow. Although there were checks for red elsewhere on the Moon and none were seen, the Moon was starting to get low and it is typical of spurious colour in a few respects. Therefore the ALPO/BAA weight=1 for safety.
On 1980 May 25 at UT 22:18 G. Blair (Bridge of Weir, Scotland, 216mm reflector, seeing II-IV) suspected a short sharp flash, white in colour north of Tycho's north wall. Nothing more seen. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1980 May 23 at UT22:30 (P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 10" reflector, seeing II) described Aristarchus as a "blue luminous patch", but it was too faint to obtain a CED brightness measurement. Cameron 2006 catalog ID= 96 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1990 Aug 30 at UT02:11-02:36 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3" refractor, x90, seeing conditions: "at,. boiling") noted a coloured area on the west wall of Copernicus that was unusual in appearance - however other craters along the terminator had a similar effect. There was also a "dazzling bright spot on the E. rim and he witnessed 6 flashes from the lighted part of Copernicus over a very short time interval. Cameron comments that the colour may well have been dur to chromatic aberation because a refractor was used. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=408 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1990 Aug 30 at UT 02:11-02:36 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3" reflector, x90, atmosphereic conditions: boiling) found "N rim of Proc. bright interior uniform gray". The Cameron 2006 catalog report is slight unclear as the description for thnis 1990 Aug 30 TLP also includes Copernicus and Censorinus in the list of TLP craters. So one description which might refere to Copernicus, could possibly have been meant for Proclus, namely: "Dazling bright spot on E rim. Rotated eyepiece but no change. N rim of Proc.......". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=408 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Mons la Hire 1972 Nov 15 UT 09:45-10:18 M.Geisel (Brisbane, Australia, 12.5" f/8 reflector, x90) discovered the TLP, P. Anderson (9.5" reflector) independently confirmed that the TLP had an effect in his Moon Blink device - but the effect (suspected that the blink was caused by the extreme nrightness of the mountain?) was weak and thought it not worth further investigation. Photographs taken by Anderson. Geisel believes the effect to be real and states that the area remained sharp and clear throughout. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Proclus 1969 Nov 18 UT 20:00? Observed by Classen (Pulnitz, Czechoslovakia, 8" refractor) "Brightened, exceeded normal. Brightness is monitored relative to Censorinus. (started July, 1969) Obs. thinks all bright craters are variable. (Apollo 12 watch)." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1216.
On 1960 Aug? 01 at UT 22:00? an unknown observer detected that Vitello was illuminated -it should have been in shadow? Cameron says that if several days before sunrise then the date could have been July through to December, with August 1st most likely, and ancilary data is therefore given for this date. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=729 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
In 1872 Mar 19 at UT 23:17 an unknown observer observed in Sinus Iridum: "Covered with a light gray shadow thru which he saw dimly the surface below - indicating obscuring matter over it. (Cameron says: only w. 1/3 of bay would be in shadow as boundaries are 25-37W)". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=178 and the weight=3.
Alphonsus 1966 Apr 01 UT(?) 03:00-03:20 Observed by Jenning, Harris (Coral Estates, CA, USA, 12" reflector) "Red patch from c.p. to W. wall (no confirm. from Corralitos obs. moon blink device & obs. at that time)" NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #924. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Alphonsus 1967 Feb 19 UT 20:30-21:11 Observed by Moore, Moseley (Armagh, Northern Ireland, 10" refractor, x360) "Blink area between 1900 & 1940 with neg. results. Suddenly at 2030 there was a bright red glow, brightest Moseley had ever seen, at Feb 17 suspectec place. Moore returned at 2037h in time to see fading effect. Brief return at 2105-2111; neg. from 2120-2250h then clouds. Nothing on Feb 20. confirmation)." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1016. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Colour seen, mostly blueness on south rim and exterior of south rim at Bullialdus crater. Blueness seen too on Plato on inner SSW rim, but no colour reported on any other craters. Seeing III, 12" reflector used x200 and x360.
Colour seen, mostly blueness on inner SSW rim. Blueness also seen on south rim and exterior of south rim at Bullialdus crater. No colour reported on any other craters. Seeing III, 12" reflector used x200 and x360.
Arsyukhin and others (Moscow, USSR), with naked eye and binouculars saw three dark spots suddenly appear on Mare Crisium and disappear approximately 30 minutes later. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=145 and catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Arsyukhin and others (Moscow, USSR), with naked eye and binouculars saw TLP activity in Plato that Cameron thinks confirms what UK observers saw later. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=145 and catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
H. Davies (Llamandel, Swansea, UK, using a 3" refractor, detected a short duration reddish hue along the inner NE-NW? rim (4-7 O'Clock location. Sketch supplied to Foley (BAA coordinator). No similar effect seen elsewhere. A.C. Cook (Frimley, UK) detected spurious colour on several craters, including Plato that night. Cameron 2006 Catalog Extension ID= 337 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Agrippa and vicinity 1878 Dec 04 UT 20:00? Observed by Capron (France?) "Odd, misty look as if vapor were in or about them" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #209.
On 1980 Jul 22 at UT20:08-21:50 G.North (Sussex, UK, 8" reflector, x144 and x207, seeing III-V and transparency fair) suspected an obscuration on the north and north west wall. The effect came and went. May have been due to seeing and image contrast? Cameron 2006 catalog ID=101 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Observed by G.H. Johnstone of Albuquerque, NM, USA on 1954 Nov 05 UT 20:00 (according to Cameron), but 02:00-04:00 according to the original observation and at colongitudes 34.7 to 35.7 deg. 4" reflector, x150 used. The obsewrver reported that the western part (about 1/3rd of the interior) was pitch black with shadow. However there was a zone about as wide, or perhaps only a fourth of the total width that was distinctly a lighter bluish shade, almost like twilight. The shadows of the peaks on the western edge of the rim were clearly seen crossing this bluish shadowed area. Then this area ended sharply, and the farside was bathed in light from the rising sun. The shadows of the peak were sharply defined across the twilight zone, and the edge of the pitch black shadow was easily defined but not as sharp as the darker shadows crossing the the blue twilight zone. The observer checked other craters but did not see this condition in any of them - they all had the abrupt division between black and white that we would normally expect to see. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=579 and weight=2. Reference 1962 edition of ALPO's Journal: The Stolling Astronomer. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Censorinus 1969 Nov 19 UT 1922 Observed by Brandli (Wald, Switzerland, 6" reflector, x90) "Brightening -- photo, (the author, WBC, cannot verify from photo. It is brighter, but so are Proc. & Dionys. -- it being between. i.e. Proc. > Censor. > Dionys. Apollo 12 watch)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #1220. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1970 Dec 08 UT 18:00-23:59 UT Observed by Fitton (Oldham, England, 8.5" refkector, S=VG) "All surrounding detailperfect, but barely a trace of floor detail. A suggestion of 2 or 3 white spots including central A seen only on one examination out of five. "sector" beginning to show. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
P. Moore at 21:10 found the southern wall (and ontothe southern floor) of the crater to be indistinct. Elsewhere in the crater everything was sharp. The effect was still seen at 21:42UT, but less strong. A check was made for colour with aq Moonblink device, but none was seen. There was still a trace of this effect at 21:44UT, although detail was now becoming visible. By 21:48UT vertical streaks were seen crossing the floor from the obscuration area and these were more visible in the red filter and not in the blue. Cameron comments that undefined patches on the floor of Plato are not normal. By 21:55UT some craterlets on the floor started to become visible and the TLP for Moore ended by UT22:23. P.Foley was alerted by Moore and saw a "amssive dense obsecuration on the south wall, south floor and south outer glacis to the Mare". Foley noted that by 21:50UT the effect was fading and finished by 22:03UT. Foley reported an orange translucent haze covering half of the floor, but floor craterlets could be seen on and off - however his atmospheric seeing conditions were IV. At 22:00 UT Foley reported the floor close to the north wall to be "milky or misty". No detail was visible at 21:15UT and variability in the floor continued until 23:10UT. Hedly-Robinson was aleted at 21:35UT and found no difference between red and blue views of the area, however he did find that the south rim was indistinct although this effect had lessened by 22:00 UT and was normal by 22:17UT. M. Mobberly saw a white spot on the floor at 21:20 UT, whereas he normally would have expected to see craterlets. Mobberly was alerted at 21:40 UT and took some colour photos. He also made sketches that showed variability in the floor and dark lines and patches in the north west corner. However the altitude of the Moon was low. Cameron mentions that two of the photos show loss of detail at the south wall and beyond.and also a change in the floor markings.The north wall at 21:50UT was strangely reddish (didn't think this was spurious colour). The rest of the wall was sharp at 22:20UT through a yellow filter. Large bright patch in the centre and rest of the floor was apparently of the same shading as Mare Imbrium. The above notes are based upon the Cameron 2006 catalog extension TLP ID 145 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1870 May 10 UTC 22:00 Observed by Birt (England) "Extraordinary display of lights. Says not effect of sunlight" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #167.
Plato 1971 Oct 30 UT 19:35-20:55 E.Watkins (Braintree, UK, 4.5" reflector, x45,x150, x225), thought he saw a faint patch at 19:35 and it still was visible at 19:40. At 19:50-19:55 he saw what may have been the remainder. At 20:55 he noticed a shadow in the area. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Tycho 2971 Nov 28 UT 21:58-22:05 observed by D.B. Taylor (Dundee, UK, darker area inside the crater (NE and SE floor) in a Moon Blink device. However the observer does not report through which filter ir was darker. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Gassendi 1969 Nov 20 UT 17:06-17:15 Observed by Duckworth (Manchester, England, 8" refractor x250) Faint Pinkish Obscuration on floor. Event in progress at 1706 - left telescope at 1715 to report it, but TLP gone upon return. Gassendi was normal from from 1734-1822h. NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1223. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1980 May 25 UT 21:33-22:54 Observed by North (Seaford, UK, seeing III-IV, 460mm Newtonian) Definite strong reddish glow along NNW border, definitely much stronger than spurious colouration and always visible when telescope moved in RA and Dec to eliminate possible chromatic aberation effects in the eyepiece. Effect ended by 21:54 UT. BAA Lunar Section Report. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Hyginus N 1944 Apr 04 UT 20:00? Observed by Wilkins (Kent, England, 15" reflector) "Darker than usual. S. edge of great crater valley was bordered by a narrow dark band for 13km along its length" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #490.
Peice A (Swift=IAU name?) 1927 May 12 UT 22:03 Observed by Wilkins (England, 15" reflector) "Complete obscuration of crater. Saw no trace of it. It was vis. May 11 & faint on May 13. 3x in 1948 Moore saw whole area misty gray & devoid of detail, whereas surroundings were sharp & clear. Birt also found it invis. at times in late 1800's" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #394. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1990 Jan 08 at UT00:55 D. Weier (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x159) observed an "anomalous black bar across Aris. Nearly digonal to terminator." The nearby crater Prinz had curious shadow patterns, perhaps related to the rising sun projecting shadows from the eastern rim and "reflected down"? "At 0224 W wall had a break in it & a diffuse glow where it should not be. Manske thinks it was Earthshine effect. At 0305 Weier saw Manske's bar - with diffused light and flicker like an aurora - like a gas with electric charge. At 0325 saw a strange glow in Aris. but may be due to atm. though thought it to be a LTP. Darling had never seen such effects before (flickering implies a medium in it)." The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=387 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1906 Mar 06 UT 22:00? Observed by Fauth (Germany? 6" refractor) "Color (brightness?) greatly enhanced as it was to be on the next nite" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #324.
Gassendi 1969 Nov 20 UT 19:30-19:45 Observed by Becker (Holland, 4" refractor) "Curious small shadow from NW (ast. ?) wall. (Apollo 12 watch)" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1224.
Aristarchus visible just past terminator. West wall was brighter than normal. Bright flash seen in/on NW wall - apparently in the same place as Pedler's May 17th sketch. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=146 and weight=4. Observed by M. Price of Camberley, Surrey, UK with a 6" reflector and a Moon Blink device. Seeing=III.
Plato 1981 Jun 13 UT 20:48-21:08 Observed by Price (Camberley, England, 152mm reflector, seeing III) Possible Moon blink (red) seen on north wall. Also the craterlets on the floor could be seen despite the observing conditions not being optimal. BAA Lunar Section observation. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=146 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Observer noted a bright spot on the interior west wall that seemed brighter than what they would have expected. unfortunately the precise time of this observation was not recorded so the moon-rise and midnight UT values are used to place a limit on the time of observation. Images by Shaw taken at UT 1754, 18:45 and 23:13 do not exhibit the effect.
Aristarchus 1969 Nov 20 UT 19:45-20:05 Observed by Becker (Holland, 4" refractor) "Sharp whiteness on inner W. (ast. ?) side (Apollo 12 watch)" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1224.
Plato 1870 May 11 UTC 22:00 Observed by Birt (England) "Extraordinary display of lights. Says not effect of sunlight" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #167.
On 1984 Jan 14 at UT 20:00 P. Moore (Selsey, UK) observed that Aristarchus was brighter than it normally is at sunrise. No quantitative measurements were made though. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=238 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
SE of Ross D 1965 Mar 14 UT 07:40 Observed by Cross (Whittier, CA, USA, 12" reflector) "Crater wall partially obscured; bright" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #872.
Plato 1998 Jul 05 P. Moore (Selsey, UK, 15" reflector, x200- x400, seeing II/III) comments that he is puzzled why the floor of Plato, which is light gray in shade, looks completely blank tonight. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
In 1949 Nov 03 UT 01:06 J.Bartlett (3.5" refractor, x100) noted that the floor of Herodotus was very dark, the east wall was very bright, and the floor contained a central bright peak. The BAA/ALPO weight=3.
Kepler 1954 Nov 07 UTC 23:20 Observed by Lugo (Caracus, Venezula) "Luminous pts. (MBMW say "bright pt.; just outside E.wall). NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #580.
Crick of Belgium noticed obscuration on a bright spot on the south east wall. This spot was quite prominent through a red Wratten 25 filter. The floor was very dark. Other craters were checked and were normal. A sketch was supplied and the position was the same as in other earlier reports. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=60 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3. 6" reflector used. Seeing=II and transparency=good.
M. Cook of Frimley, "NE ray distinct & also floor E of it, not distinct as on Dec 13 & Jan 11, while March 10, 11 & 12 seen by Price, North, Peters, Foley & M Cook, where rim was clear and sharp." - quote from the 2006 Cameron Catalog extyension - TLP ID=297 and weight=5. Cameron gives the observers confirming this TLP as: M. Cook, G. North and Davies.. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1972 Oct 19 UT 17:55-18:05 Observed by Gabriel (Wettern, Belg. 4" refractor, x166, S=E), Hitchens (Stamine Locks, Eng., 8.5" reflector, S=F), Peters (Kent, Eng., 10" relector), Amery (Reading, Emg. 10?" reflector), Flynn (england, 12" reflector) "At 17:55h noted bluish-purple color area just N. of Aris. & it reached just over N. wall, lasted 2 min. At 1800h color noted again, but not as brilliant & gone at 1801h. Seen again at 1804h & now was on E. (ast. ?) wall, lasting M 1min. Sure of its reality but not of lunar origin. All gone at 1805h. Hitchens noted a very bright spot on W. (IAU?) wall between 2 prominent bands. Blue darkening in W#38 filter, neg. in W#8,25,58 & integrated light. Other areas gave similar but lesser effects. May be due to damp geletin. (Moore thinks not LTP but many obs. have rep't blue in Aris.) Others obs. later (2100, 2215-2300, 2305h) & noted nothing unusual." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1346.
On 1993 Sep 28 at UT 04:30-06:10 S.Beaumont (Cambridge, UK)observed that the north east edge of Herodotus appeared as a "highland area spilling over into" the Cobra's Head border or "overlook". The shadow on the elevation was contiguous with a similar shadow over the Cobra's Head "like a darkening of the terrain. Shadow appears softer diffused without sharp bounds of most Lunar shadows. sketch. S. edge of crater started to appear at 0615". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=468 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1 as the date or UT are wrong.
Plato 1906 Mar 07 UT 22:00? Observed by Fauth (Germany? 6" refractor) "Color (brightness?) greatly enhanced as on the previous nite" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #324.
Plato 1972 Oct 19 UT 20:10 Observed by Taylor, Phillips, Ford, Kennedy (Dundee, Scot. 10" refractor) "Taylor noted a slight blink on NW wall. Ford said it was neg. Phillips was not sure. Taylor returned to telescope & no blink. Kennedy reported neg." NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1347.
Plato 1870 May 12 UTC 22:00 Observed by Birt (England) "Extraordinary display of lights. Says not effect of sunlight" However an article by Nigel Logshaw in the Feb 2014 LSC suggests that it was probably just normal fine scale spots and streaks on the floor of the crater. NASA catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight= 1. NASA catalog ID #167.
Foley, Kent, UK noted that the floor was slate blue-grey with no colour seen elsewhere. 12" reflector used, seeing=II. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID 131 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Foley (Kent, UK) saw the west wall dull and stongly coloured. Moore (Sussex, UK) saw the wall as normal. However Cameron points out that Foley (Kent, UK) is a lot more Blue/UV sensitive than Moore. Mosely (Covington, UK) at 22:10 UT noticed a brightening on the East wall and at 01:10-01:25 UT suspected that the interior had a weak yellow-green cast to it. Cook (Frimley, UK) states that orange colour was within the interior crater, but green beyond the east rim at the 9 O'Clock and the south east corner to floor blue/mauvre beyond the northern rim NW/WSW. Foley sstates that orange and blue/mauvre might be spurious colour, but green one cannot get this way. Cameon suggests chromatic aberatons as a possibility but thinks that the observers concerned were experienced enough to recognize this if it were the cause. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=239 and weight=0. Moore used a 15?" refletor and Foley used a 12" refletor. Mosely experienced II seeing and good transparency. Cook had III seeing and also good transparency. P. Grego made an observation this night too. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1986 Dec 13 UT 20:30 Observed by A. Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing III) North East quadrant of Plato the crater was blurred and ill-defined. Also no craterlets visible anywhere on the floor of Plato until the central craterlet was just glimpsed later at 23:00-23:45, though seeing now III-IV (cirrus at times in the sky). At this later time the NE rim was less blurred than before. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1978 Aug 19 at UT02:45-04:00 Porter (Naragansetts, RI, USA, using a 6" reflector, Seing = 6/10) noticed blue on the north east corner of Aristarchus and an orange glow on the south east wall. They detected no movement or change in brightness. The observer used both eyes, to make sure it was not an eye defect, and three filters: red Wratten 25, blue Wratten 82 and Violet Wratten 47. Porter found that the colours faded for a duration of 5 minutes and then returned. Their right eye gave a good view and using their left eye they suspected that it was 0.5 steps brighter than the remainder of the crater. The suspected colour remained visible, even under moments of good seeing conditions. The colour eventually faded over time and was eventually gone. Porter reportd seein gcolour here on the following night. Apparently other bright spots showed no colour. Fitton suggests that the filters used confirm that the south east wass was definitely red in colour. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=37 and the weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Leibnitz Mountains 1948 Apr 14 UT 20:00? Observed by Wilkins (Kent, England, 12.5" reflector) " S.cusp prolonged -- detached peaks -- starlike pts. connected by fine filaments brighter than earthshine. (Barcroft, Haas, Vaughan, Moore & Firsoff also have seen similar phenom.)(just sunlight catching high peaks?)." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #502. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1983 Jan 19 UT 20:36-21:00 Observed by Cook (Frimley, UK, Seeing III, Transparency, Moderate) "Colouration seen". BAA Lunar Section Report. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Webb (England, using a fluid achromat) saw brilliant minute spots and streaks in Mare Crisium dotting its surface. This was seen near first quarter. Cameron states that Schroter, Betr?, Madler, Slack and Ingall had all seen it this way at times. Cameron 1978 catalog iD=111 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1948 Apr 15 UT 20:00? Observed by Thorton (Northwitch, England, 9" reflector) "Brilliant orange-yellow flash 1 km inside E. rim (similar to earlier #500 LTP flash in the dark)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #504.
Aristarchus appeared to glow in Earthshine with a faint green luminescence that moved from side to side. A bright blue central spot was also seen. The green colour was detected in two seperate eyepieces. Observation made from England. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=266 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1981 Mar 12 at UT 19:25-20:30 Butler (of Brixton, UK, using a 10" reflector at 32-64x) noticed that Aristarchus was not visible, although the Earthshine was very obvious. Foley (of Kent, UK, and using 12" reflector) noticed that the crater was only just visible but Plato could definitely be seen. Cameron's 2006 TLP extension catalog ID=125 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
In 1948 Apr 15 at UT 20:00? Vince (England, UK) observed a bright spot, about magnitude 3, in Earthshine, about 30deg north of Grimaldi., on the west limb (90W, 25N). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=503 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Ptolemaeus 1866 Apr 22 UTC 20:00? Observed by Ingalls (Champion Hills, England, UK) "Crater on term., unusually smooth surf. seemed much diversified & gave impression, as at many other times that there was an obscuring medium". NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NADA catalog ID = 142. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
"Eudoxus" 1877 Feb 20 UTC 21:30-22:30 Observed by Trouvelot (Meudon, France, 13" refractor?) "Fine line of light like a luminous cable, drawn W. to E. across crater". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #185. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1931 Mar 27 R.Barker (observing from Cheshunt, UK, 12.5" reflector) found that the central mountain in the brilliant ray crater Tycho was a curious shade of grey. This was despite the interior of Tycho being fully in shadow. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=400 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Tycho 2003 May 10 UTC 03:15 Observer Robert Spellman (Los Angeles, USA) - "CCD video of spur-like features coming off N & S edges of central peak - spurs pointed eastwards". It is now thought that this effect is almost certainly seeing flare as it is visible on other features in the image, although to a much lesser extent. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.