Eratosthenes 1947 Jan 30 Mean Col. 16deg. Observed by Hill (UK) "Main peak of massive central mountain group appeared to be in a shadowless having regard to it's claimed height of 6,600 ft. The whole of the floor to the west should have still been in darkness. Instead immediately to the west was a dark (intensity 1.5-2) region extending almost to the foot of the bright inner wall and very diffuse in outline. The observation could not be followed through due to increasing cloud, but on the following night all was normal."
Eratosthenes: On 2017 May 04 UT 21:50-22:10 N. Longshaw (BAA, UK, 78mm APO refractor, x125 & x175, seeing II-III, transparency Good). A brownish (orange) tint was seen on the inner NW wall light terraces - this was immediately obvious when first looking at the crater, but as time progressed the effect became less bright. Other craters were checked for similar coloured tints, but none were seen elsewhere on the Moon. UAI observers in Italy (F. Taggogna & A. Tonon) had been imaging the region in colour 17:57-21:47, but their images do not show any colour on the inner NW rim terraces, the their last image is 3 min before Longshaw saw the colour. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1886 Jun 10 at UT 21:00 (estimated) Tempel of Germany, saw a star- like light (Cameron comments that the reference in the Middlehurst catalog is wrong). Cameron 1978 catalog ID= and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1989 Dec 06 at 23:09-23:34UT D. Darling of Sun Praire, WI, USA (3" refractor x36 and x90, and then a 12.5" reflector at x64, S=7/10 and T= 4, saw dark spots in Proclus (not as dark as those from 5th Dec 1989). Two telescopes were used and the bigger of these revealed some shading on the floor of Proclus approximately a third as intense as he had seen the previous night. A sketch was made. The TLP finished by 22:34UT. Cameron comments that the dark patches could not be due to shadow as the altitude of the Sun was too high at proclus. The Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=383 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1981 May 12 UT 22:00? M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK and using a 12" reflector), noticed that Censorinus was very bright, fuzzy and occasionally brighter than Proclus. However both Foley (Kent, UK) and Amery (Reading, UK) using a C.E.D. found that Proclus was brighter than Censorinus as it had been during April and May 1981. However Chapman obtained the reverse of this. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=138 and weught=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1981 May 12 UT 22:45-2325 M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK and using a 12" reflector), noticed that Censorinus was very bright, fuzzy and occasionally brighter than Proclus. However both Foley (Kent, UK) and Amery (Reading, UK) using a C.E.D. found that Proclus was brighter than Censorinus as it had been during April and May 1981. However Chapman obtained the reverse of this. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=138 and weught=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1976 Jul 06 UT 01:35 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3" refractor, 40-450x, S=6, T=3) "Nothing vis. on floor (albedo=2 deg?) (usually features are vis.)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high).NASA catalog ID #1437.
In 1952 Nov 26 at UT 01:00? Carle (USa, 8" reflector, x700, seeing = excellent) observed the following in Plato: "Sketch shows 8 spots -- 5 craters showed interior shad., 1 completely filled, but no others seen despite several hrs. of study. Spots that should have been seen were missing. poor seeing converts floor into shimmering shapeless blob. Has observed it under good seeing & seen nothing on fl. as others have noted". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=555 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Messier and A 1966 Dec 22 UT 06:00-06:30 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 8" reflector, x200, S=G, T=P) "Blinks on floors of both craters (blink device not stated)" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalaog ID #1004.
On 1980 Apr 24 at 23:35UT Marco Petek (Porto Alegre, Brazil, using a 7.5" refractor noticed that the center of Plato was bright and opaque and the observer thought it was similar in appearance to Linne. A sketch was made and two other observers confirmed the appearance. Cameron mentions that Petek is an experienced observer. Cameron 2006 catalog extension TLP ID=91 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Cichus 1975 Sep 15 UT 11:15-11:30 G.Ryder (Corinda, Australia, 25cm reflector, x250 & x380, seeing good but with some cloud) The interior W. wall of this crater (on the lip) appeared hazy - difficulkt to bring detail into focus. Neighbouring craters/detail were sharp. Details in the crater wall interior were starting to become visible as time went on, but it had clouded over by 11:30. A Moon Blink was used but no colour was detected. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1985 mar 01 at 20:00UT? Moseley noticed a violet band (tapering to an apex close to the crater centre and merged with the eastern exterior) around Toricelli B, however M. Cook (Frimley, UK) had seen a dusky band(England, UK) on an earlier photo. There was no terminator shadow in the crater. Cameron 2006 Catalog Extension TLP ID=260 aqnd weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Censorinus-Maskelyne 1927 Apr 11/12 UTC 23:00-01:00? Observed by Druzdov (Russia) "2 luminescent pts. observed. Not vis. at same sun angle on May 7 & 12th. Not vis. on photos of Barn in 5/23/63" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #393.
2004 Jan 02 UT 09:05 (approx) M. Collins (Palmeston North, New Zealand, ETX 90, seeing 3, clear) saw a possible(?) flash north of Carlini D at about 16W, 35N in adverted vision. It lasted only a split second. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
A region of the Mare Imbrium was extremely bright, giving a reading of 8 out of 10 on the Elger scale. Cameron notes that from photos of the Full Moon, the area appears to normally be the brightness of Archimedes floor i.e. 3.5 out of 10 on the Elger scale. Atmospheric seeing was excellent and the observer could see a lot of fine detail with their 2.4" and 3" refractors. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=62 and weight=3.
Williams of the UK, on 1892 Aug 23 at Moon's age 10.0 days, noticed a spot now rated at +1.5 (in brightness) that had been seen on the 21st Aug, near Picard. Williams comments that this is the only obsewrvation that departs "much" from the curve of diurnal brightness. The spot was descibed as "nearly as large as Picard and nearly half as bright. This observation was reported in the Astronomical Register of the Royal Astronomical Society and is not included in the Cameron catalogs. It is one of many measurements of the brightness of this spot for different illumination angles and is one of three outlying brightness points spotted on a graph by Willaims. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Observed by Chernov (Russia) "A periodic change in shape of small dark spot at bottom of round spot further N. adjacent to inner wall. It was larger than in proceeding months at same sun elev." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #669.
The UT given in the Cameron 2006 extension catalog are: 20:58, 23:25- 02:20 and 01:40-04:00, however it is not clear what UT applies to which of the observers or the two features reported as having TLP on that night. On 1984 Feb 12-13 Marshall (South Anerica, seeing=III-II) noticed that Moltke was very bright with a fuzzy violet hue - he had never seen it like this before. Cameron 2006 catalog extension TLP ID= 240 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
The UT given in the Cameron 2006 extension catalog are: 20:58, 23:25- 02:20 and 01:40-04:00, however it is not clerr what UT applies to which of the observers or the two features reported as having TLP on that night. On 1984 Feb 12-13 Marshall (South Anerica, seeing=III-II) saw initially no craterlets in Plato, despite the Moon being at a high altitude. At 01:45UT the northwest corner of Plato was red. Again no other craterlets showed. He found the surrounding wall to be too bright and this was confirmed by Crater Extenction Device readings and had problems focussing on the crater. By 02:00-02:50UT he noticed variability in the visibility of the craterlets. By 03:48UT the central craterlet was much brighter than before and the crater doublet had brightened but the southern craterlet was still invisible. Cameron comments that Marshall was a very experienced observer. A. Cook (of Frimley, UK) obtained a photodiode line scan image of Plato. The brightness of the north west wall was brighter than the bright area on the west wall. Marshall and Mosely both saw a dark area on the floor of Plato close to the south wall (from clock position of 11 o'clock. There was a prominent white spot on the floor and the central craterlet was seen, but only under good conditions. Mosely does not discuss the west and north west wall brughtnesses that were seen earlier by Cook and Marshall. Cameron 2006 catalog extension TLP ID=240 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1967 Jan 21 UT 19:36-20:24 Observed initially by Moore & Moseley (Armagh, N.Ireland, 10" refractor, x360, S=G), Ringsdore (England, 10" reflector), Sartory (Farnham, England, 15" reflector?), Duckworth (England), Kilburn (Ashton, England, 6" reflector), Farrant (England, 8" reflector) "Eng. moon blink at 1936 (no events from 1750-1815h) outside SE wall, brighter at 1939h, seen vis. at 1940h, faint at 1946h. Moved NW at 1950h. At 2000h, Moseley saw it farther W., lost it at 2008h. Seen again at 2026h further toward group of hills. Moore saw it faint at 2002h, lost it at 2005h, vis. & blink at 2007h. Checks again at 2010-50h, 2130-50, 2200-20, 2250-2300, 2325-0000h.Duckworth suspected blink in S.Iridium nr. Bianchini later, but clouds intervened, after clearing couldn't see it. Neg. obs. in 11 other features, inc. Alphonsus & Plato. Confirmed Gass blink 2018-2024h" NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1010. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Alphonsus 1969 Nov 20 05:27 (UT)? Observed by Argus/Astronet (San Diego, Sacramento, CA, USA) "Brightening in crater. (San Diego & Sacramento obs. confirmed, but astronauts did not see anything. Apollo 12 watch)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1222.
Gassendi 1971 Oct 29 UT 22:15-22:50 observed by J.Coates and A.R. Neville (Burnley, UK, 6" reflectir, x192, slight fog, seeing jumpy but good at times). An in ititial Moonblink search proved negative. However white light observations by Coates revealed a golden brown colour between the black interior shadow and the base of the (bright W (IAU?) wall). Neville confirmed its appearance as a coppery hue and saw the colour for 5 minutes before it vanished at 22:55UT. ALPO/BAA weight=2
Plato 1966 Dec 23 UT 06:15-07:10 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 6" reflector, S=P, T=G) and Coralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector +Moonblink) "3 brilliant spots on floor, all showed blinks, (permanent colored Ground features ?). Not confirmed by Corralitos MB." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1005.
In 1820 Oct 17 at UT 20:00 an unkown observer reported in Mare Imbrium, south of Sinus Iridum (30W, 40N) some brilliant spots. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=80 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1990 Sep 30 at D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x150) observed a red spot on the west wall (bright in red filter and faint in the blue filter. No filter reactions were found elsewhere. Gassendi had much detail visible. A sketch was made. BAA observers in the UK were alerted but they could not observe due to cloud. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=411 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1985 Mar 02 at 20:00UT? Marshall (Medeline, Colombia, South America) measured some very low Crater Extinction Device brightness readings of Censorinus compared to Proclus. The Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID= 261 and the weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Gassendi 1977 May 28/29 UT 20:45-21:15 Observed by D. Sims (Dawlish, Devon, UK) saw a hazy area on the south east floor that was normal in red and white light but darker in blue. This was partly confirmed by J-H Robinson (Devon, England, 10" reflector) 21:24-23:12 who saw the south east floor of Gassendi to have a loss of detail - but no colour seen, although at 21:57-21:58 it was slightly brighter in red than in blue briefly. P. Doherty (22:45-23:15) did not see anything ususual. D. Jewitt (22:22-22:55) did not reveal anything ususual, apart from spurious colour. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=3 and ID=1463. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus, Schroter's Valley, Herodotus 1881 Aug 06 UT 00:00? Observed by Klein (Cologne, Germany, 6" refractor, 5" reflector) "Whole region between these features appeared in strong violet light as if covered by a fog spreading further on 7th. Examined others around & none showed effect. Intensity not altered if Aris. placed out of view." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #224. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1982 Jun 02 UT 22:00. Mobberley could not see the central craterlet on the floor of Plato tonight. Foley notes that he could only just see the central craterlet on nights of 2-5th Jun and it was of reduced in brightness from normal. North reported that the floor seemed nearly black, but brighter in a green filter (x144 magnification used). All three observers compared the Plato area to other areas for reference. All the above seems normal, apart from the floor being brighter in the green filter. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID 170 and weight=5. BAA/ALPO weight=1.
Schroter's Valley 1955 Aug 29 UT 19:45 Observed by Firsoff (Somerset, England, 6.5" reflector x200, S=P-F) "Valley almost completely invisible in blue" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #605.
Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector x180, S=1-5, T=5) Pseudo peak visible within floor shadow at 03:10h" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #671. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Proclus 1970 Oct 12 UT 00:54 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4" reflector, 51x-181x) "Floor darkened to intensity 1.5 deg (albedo) & c.p. became invis. Next day c.p. reappared & was 5 deg bright & 6deg bright on 15th" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1277.
Aristarchus 1976 Sep 05/06 UT 18:45-01:35 Observed by Prout (England?, 12" reflector, S=III-II), Foley (England, 12" reflector), Moore and Spry (Sussex, England, 12" reflector) "Viol. hue on crater on W. wall, especially NW corner seen by Prout & 2 Foleys. Moore & Spry did not see color. All obs. noted that the crater was dull
Hobdell, of St Petersburg, FL, USA, using a 2"? refractor? and Seeing=I-II, saw a bright region on the north west wall that seemed to change in brightness. In truth, there were other features elsewhere on the Moon that also fluctuated, but not as much as Aristarchus was. No colour was noticed. Cameron suspects fluctuations in our own atmosphere. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID 131 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2002 Feb 24 UT 05:15-05:35 W. Haas (Las Cruces, NM, USA) observed an obscuration in Herodotus - the shadown was, almost, but not completely black. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Schickard 1972 Sep 19 UT 19:45-20:25, 20:00-23:30 Observed by Watkins (Herts., Eng. 4.5" reflector, x225, S=G) Amery (Reading, Eng.m 12" reflector?), Fitton (Lancashire, Emg., 8.5" reflector) and Moore (Selsey, Eng., 12.5" reflector?, 4.5" refractor 45-225x, S=P) "Luminous, nebulous spot attracted Watkin's att'n. Got brighter. Checked 'scope--not instru. Obj. had greenish-gray color, size @ 15km. Amery & Fitton with blink devices noted nothing unusual at later times (2000-2330h). Aris., Plato, Gass. were neg. at 1930-2025h (date not given, guessed at fr. available info.). Turbulence, lasting secs. at a time." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID # 1344. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2002 Feb 24 UT 06:05-06:20 W. Haas (Las Cruces, NM, USA) observed that the shadow was, almost, but not completely black. This might have been related to the observing conditions. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1933 oct 01 at UT 03:00 Rawstron (USA, 4" refractor, x330) observed the following in Mons Pico B: "Haze -- much narrower & elongated than on Sep. 1". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=407 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1955 Oct 28 at UT00:00? Kozyrev (Crimea, Soviet Union, 50" reflector) detected in Aristarchus Fraunhofer lines in UV spectra that were much narrower than in the solar spectrum. This indicated luminescent glow which overlapped contour(?) lines. Greatest after Full Moon, but fluctuated monthly with no indication of solar activity effect. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=621 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 1955 Oct 28 at UT 00:06 W. Taylor saw a naked eye flash on the Moon in the north east area, on the edge of Mare Vaporum. The flash was intense and radiated to a large area. The duration was 1/4 seconds.
Observed by Haas (Las Cruces, NM, USA) "Temporary greyness seen in interior shadow." ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus, Schroter's Valley, Herodotus 1881 Aug 07 UT 00:00? Observed by Klein (Cologne, Germany, 6" refractor, 5" reflector) "Whole region between these features appeared in strong violet light as if covered by a fog spreading further on 7th. Examined others around & none showed effect. Intensity not altered if Aris. placed out of view." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #224.
On 2016 Jun 17 UT 05:00 A.Anunziato (AEA, Argentina Meade ETX 105, seeing 7/10, sketch made) observed a very tiny light spot where the shadow from topographic relief to the south of Vallis Schroteri nerges into the crater rim shadow on the floor of Herodotus. There should be no light spot here. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1981 Mar 17 UT 22:40-23:25 Observed by Moore (Selsey, England, 15" reflector, seeing III) "Aristarchus very bright according to Crater Extinction Device and a coloured blink detected" BAA Lunar Section TLP report. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus Area 2004 Nov 22 UT 04:58-05:49 Observed by Gray (Winemucca, NV, USA, 152mm f/9 refractor, seeing 4-5, trasparency 4-5, x114, x228) "Blinked Herodotus with Wratten filters Blue 38A and Red 25. The illuminated west crater wall stood out brilliantly in blue light, much more so than in white light. This was true also of Aristarchus. Red light did not increase contrasts in Herodotus any more than they were in white light. Shadows in Herodotus appeared as black as the night west of the terminator and remained that way throughout the observing period. No TLP seen in Herodotus tonight. A possible TLP was seen to the west of Herodotus near the terminus of Schroters Valley. It was noted at the beginning of the observing period that there were four very bright spots of light, one near the end of Schroters Valley, the other three grouped together a little farther north. Although not far from the terminator they were definitely east of it. It was noted that all of them nearly vanished in the Blue 38A filter while Aristarchus and the rim of Herodotus gleamed brilliantly. At 5:19UT it was noted that the most brilliant of the four lights, the one near the terminus of Schroters Valley, had faded almost to invisibility in white light. When first seen it had been brighter than Aristarchus. It remained very dim after this through the remainder of the observing period, and was unchanged at 7:35-7:49UT when I again examined the area. The other three bright spots remained brilliant and unchanged."
Aristarchus 1973 Aug 10 UTC 20:14 observed by Baumeister (48.63N, 9.25E, 110mm reflector, T=2, S=2) "Orange to red colours at the crater floor disappeared until 21:04" - Hilbrecht and Kuveler, Earth, Moon & Planets, 30 (1984), p53-61. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Proclus 1972 Dec 17 UTC 18:30 Observed by Farrant (Cambridge, England, 8.5" reflector) "Crater appeared very bright (Apollo 17 Watch)." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1359.
Ross D 1965 Apr 14 UT 06:03-06:22 Observed by Harris (Whittier?, CA?, USA, 19"? reflector) "Phenomenon description unavailable. Given at an ALPO meeting" NASA catalog weight=0 (very unreliable). NASA catalog ID #874.
Babbage 1974 Sep 29 UT 00:00-01:00 Observed by Lord (St Annes- on-Sea, UK, 10" refractor, Wratten 25 and 44a filters, 125x, S=II-III). Activity observed in SW floor between A & W. wall. Details not obscured in either filter, but slightly more darker than surroundings in the blue filter. NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #1395. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1990 Oct 02 at 02:25-02:45UT D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA using a 12.5" reflector at x159, with red and blue filters), saw a blink effect on the west wall of Plato i.e. brighter through a blue filter than through the red. No Colour blinks seen on Gassendi or Aristarchus. Cameron 2006 Catalog TLP=413 and weight=4.
On 1977 May 30 at 21:04-02:13UT J.H.-Robinson noted a loss of detail inside Gassendi, however he did not regard this as a TLP. The effect was also seen by P.W. Foley. Cameron 2006 extension catalog TLP ID=16 and weight=0 ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Schroter's Valley 1897 Oct 08 UT 22:00 Observed by Pickering (Cambridge, Maas., USA, 15"? refractor) "Variations in vapor col. Tillsow, C was largest compared with D&E& most conspicuous 1.3 d after sunrise. Drawing. (time est. fr. given colon.)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #291.
On 1988 Jan 02 at 05:57-06:13 UT D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, using a 8" reflector, seeing 4 out of 10) observed that points B and D on Cape Agarum faded suddenly from 7.0 to 6.4 (B) and 6.0 (D). However these returned to their normal levels at 06:13 UT. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=316 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1984 Feb 14 P. Moore (Selsey, UK) thought that there was something odd about Mons Pico in that it looked very bright and gave a good impression of a crater. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=241 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1984 Feb 14 P. Moore (Selsey, UK) observed that Plato was darker than the nearby mare and no detail could be seen on the floor or the eastern wall - the later was obscured. At 23:40UT some dimming was still present on the north east wall and still no detail on the floor of Plato. Cook noticed that the eastern floor close to the wall was misty and also noted no detail on the floor. Amery though noted that all parts of the floor were sharp although some darkening was visible in the north west and a hint of obscurtion. The east wall though was quite sharp. Mosely could see the central craterlet but from 8-6 o'clock tricky to define (Foley says that this effect has been seen at this colongitude before). Streak ray across the floor of Plato seen (North) - filter measurements made. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID= 241 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1988 Jan 02 at 06:41-07:08 UT D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, using a 8" reflector, seeing 4 out of 10) observed that at 06:56 UT Aristarchus floor (point F) brightened rapidly from an intensity of 5.2 to 6, however at 07:08 UT the spot returned to normal. He also noticed that the bands on the walls varied every few minutes. A mist like appearance was seen on the floor of Aristarchus. Through a red filter he could see through the haze, but floor detail could not be seen through a blue filter. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=316 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Flashing spot at end of SV fluctuated. Herzog, Darling & Weier confirmed spot but not fluctuation. Spot brighter in red than blue, but Cobra Head was bright in blue. No other region was abnormal.
Amery (Reading, England) saw blue in Aristarchus but a photograph did not show the colour. Foley thinks this was spurious colour. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=27. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Peter Foley observed a tiny yellow-brown region close to the tip of the cape, north east of the precipitous west edge, in the face of the north facing slope. The area concerned was diffuse and varied in density despite the surroundings not varying. Foley notcied no colour elsewhere on the Moon, though Amery thought that he saw some in Aristarchus, but Foley thinks this was spurious. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=27 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1980 Apr 28, Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA using a 8" reflector and a 2.5" refractor) observed a very bright reg region on top of the south west rim of Aristarchus crater. This was on the same side as the ray system between Aristarchus and Herodotus. Louderback noticed some chromatic aberation - blue where he had seen the red patch before. Louderback suspects chromatic aberation was the cause although did not see red in that region ever again. "Patch was between his observation points A and C. Point C was 5 points brighter in the red filter than in the blue." A sketch was made. Cameron suspects that the TLP was real. Cameron 2006 TLP catalog extension ID=92 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Peter Foley (Kent, UK, 8" reflector, seeing=II) noticed that the floor beneath the north wall, and the area over the north wall were indistinct (almost out of focus). Despite looking elsewhere in the crater and surrounds, no other blurring (obscuration of detail) could be seen, indeed everywhere else was sharp and detailed. Foley tried several eyepieces but this made no difference. He used a crater extinction device but found no variations in brightness. There was a slight darkening when he used a red filter in the Moon Blink device. The obscuration effect weakened between UT20:56 and 21:10, was difficult to see at 21:13 and had finished by 00:15. Patrick Moore (12" reflector, Dublin, Ireland) saw nothing unusual when he started observing at UT 22:00. Cameron says "Photos marked at location of phenomenon". Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=37 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Schickard 1940 May 20 UT 20:00 Observed by Moore (England, 12?" eflector) "Fog on floor -- milky appearance, less pronounced than on 8/2/39 (see #456)." NASA catalog ID #465. NASA catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Mare Humboldtianum 1951 Jan 21 20:47-22:00 UT observed by Baum (Chester, England). The appearance of some mountains on the limb appeared to change over time, with some mistiness. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1971 Jan 10 UTC 20:17-20:42 Observed by Taylor (Slough, England, 8.5" reflector) "Blink (dark gray to black), 13x3km diam. on E. wall & floor in indentation in wall. Smaller by 2028 h. gone at 2035h. Reappeared at 2028h & gone completely at 2042h)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1282.
Madler 1940 Aug 17 UTC 06:45 (Cameron gives 07:30 but Haas says this is wrong) Observed by Haas (New Mexico?, USA, 12" reflector?) "Bright spot on S. rim had I=5.9 on this date but 6.8 on Sep. 16, when observ. cond. were similar (see #473)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #470. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
The area west of Helicon not visible despite the area being fairly bright at Full Moon time. This area was a very bright patch one night. Cameron notes: comensurability of Full Moon & Perigee. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=64 and weight=3. Seeing=7 and transparency=4. 2.4" refractor used. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1937 Jul 22 UT 06:20 Observed by Haas (Alliance, Ohio, USA, 12" reflector?) "Floor distinctly greenish, but was gray on June 23, 1937 at 0430 & col.84 (normal?)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #421. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1982 Jun 05 at 22:00? UT, Chapman (UK, using a 12" reflector), again using a x2 yellow filter, noticed that the central craterlet detectabilty changed such that sometimes it was visible and sometimes not. Foley (Kent, UK)noticed that the central craterlet could only just be seen between June 2 to June 5 and was much less discernable than during the previous lunation. No CED brightness measurements made. The floor of Plato was noted to be very dark though. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=172 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Archimedes 1940 Aug 18 UT 03:25 Observed by Haas (NM?, USA, 12" reflector?) NE outer wall had I=5.0, but was I=2.5 on June 20 (see #467) (similar colong.)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #471. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1973 Feb 15 UTC 17:07-19:31 Observed by Theiss (located at 51N 5.67E) "area 4-5 diameters of Aristarchus were coloured clearly yellow-red" 120mm reflector used. Ref Hilbrecht & Kuveler (1984) Moon and Planets Vol 30 p53-61. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1973 Aug 13 UT 22:25-22:35 observed by Pedler (Devon, UK). Observer noticed a slight blink on a lighter patch on the floor just beneath the south(?) rim using Moon blink filters. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1966 Apr 12 at UT 01:05-01:23 Whippey (Northolt, England, UK, 6" reflector x212) and Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" Moon Blink) observed in Gassendi: "Abrupt flash of red, settling immediately to a point of red haze near NW (IAU?) wall. Continuous till 0123h. (Not confirmed at Corralitos Obs. MB--at same time?". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=927 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1913 Mar 20 at UT 19:00? Franks saw the south horn of the Moon to be prolonged along the Leibnitz Mountains as a feeble line of light well into the dark side. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=335 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1988 Feb 20 at UT22:25-22:34 H. Rodriguez Moreira (Fortaleza, Brazil, 4" refractor) observed a rapid rise in brightness at 22:25UT in Promintorium Olivium. About 4 minutes after this the brighness fluctuated 3 times and the TLP faded in 9 minutes after it started, returning everything to normal. "Bluish light point on darkside of it" - apparently a Greek observer (Aguirre) observed a flash but no date was given. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=317 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1821 Feb 06 at UT 18:00-19:00 At 18:00UT H. Kater (London, UK), Olbers (Bremen, Germany), Browne (UK), commented that Aristarchus looked like a 6-7th magnitude lumninous star, some 3-4' in diameter. At 19:00UT Aristarchus looked like a cloudy spot according to Ward and Bailley (England, large telescope, x80). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= 84-85 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1931 Feb 22 at UT 20:30 Joulia (Castelnaudary, Aude, France?) observed in the Aristarchus region: "Reddish-yellow glimmer of light, very variable with nearly complete extinction. (similar to Herschel's 1787 & Tempel's 6/10/1866 obs.)". The Cameron 1978 atalog ID=399 and weight=3.
On 1990 Aug 26 at UT 02:30-03:30 W. Cameron (Sedona, AZ, USA, 8" reflector, x110 and x220) observed that Proclus and Piccolomini craters both had a pink colour inside them. At a higher magnification of x220 Piccolomini was still pink and it was stronger on the central peak's wesern side. The cameron 2006 catalog ID=407 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1 as the Moon was not above the horizon at the date and UT given.
On 1990 Aug 26 at UT 02:30-03:30 W. Cameron (Sedona, AZ, USA, 8" reflector, x110, x220, seeing=good) observed that the north wall of Proclus crater was the brightest part of the crater, indeed very bright. Proclus and Picolomini had pink colours inside them. CED brightness measurements were as follows: "Proc. at 100x 4.0, 4.0; at 200x 3.4, 3.4; Theop. 3.5, 3.9; 3.5; Herc. 2.5, 2.75; 3.5; Atlas 2.8, 2.5, 3.0; Posidonius 3.0." The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=407 and the weight=3. The BAA/ALPO weight=1 as the Moon was not above the horizon at the UT given.
On 1990 Aug 26 at UT 02:30-03:30 W. Cameron (Sedona, AZ, USA, 8" reflector, x110 and x220, seeing=good) observed that the west wall of Theophilus crater was red (on terminator). However Posidonius was also on the terminator and no colour was seen elsewhere along the terminator, however Proclus and Piccolomini had pink interiors. At a higher power of x220 a prismatic effect was seen on the terminator in Theophilus and opther craters - "even on W rim of a crater due W of Theoph.". CED measurements of Theophilus... 3.5, 3.9, 3.5. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=407 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1 because the Moon was below the horizon at this time.
On 1867 Apr 09 at UT 19:30-21:00 Elger(Liverpool? UK, 4"? aperture telescope) observed that Aristarchus was shining like a 7th magnitude star-like point, becoming fainter, almost extinguished at 9PM. He had seen lights before but never so strong. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=151 and he weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Nebulous appearance. Cameron 1978 catalog assigns an ID No. of 12 and a weight of 1. ALPO/BAA catalog assigns a weight of 1.
2018 Jun 19 UT 04:00 G. Cross, using a 60" f/16 Cass, Strehl > 0.9, under descent seeing conditions, found that the ghost crater was not visible - was this an obscuration or just normal apeparance? ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Censorinus 1959 Sep 08 UT 22:45-23:50 Observed by Jean Nicolini (Brazil) "Much brighter than Proclus" NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #721. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Messier 1981 Feb 10 UT 19:20-20:10 TLP discoevered by Hedley Robinson (Devon, England) "Messier was brighter than Aristarchus in both red and blue filters and also appeared indistinct, later becoming invisible - lost in a bright streak. In comparison Aristarchus was clear. Another observer, Amery confirmed that Aristarchus was sharp in appearance but Messier certainly was not. Cook likewiese found Messier not to be as sharp as Messier A dueto a big shadow in Messier A. Pedler found that the sun facing wall of Messier was OK but that the shadow was changing from black to grey periodically at intervals of 2-3 minutes to a few seconds. By contrast he found that Messier A remained quite well defined. He tried red and blue filters but found no blink effect. At 20:23UT Pedler found that the shadow had stabilized to a shade of "mid grey" although remaining ill-defined. North also found that Messier A was distinct but Messier itself was ill-defined. Moore found the same thing but thinks that this is normal for Messier under this illumination to appear indistinct. More also saw the grey interior shadow. Price saw similar appearance to Moore and suspected that this was normal for this stage in illumination. Ratcliffe suspected everything normal - just commenting that Messier was smaller and no detail in comparison to Messier A. Madej and Taylor provided a sketch that showed again a grey interior and merging with the east wall/mare. Foley found Messier's pale grey interior to be un- focusable but in comparison Messier A was sharp. He says that he would expect a grey interior and the east wall to merge with the mare. However the complete loss of deatil and variability were not normal. Cameron comments that the Kuiper atlas confirms the fuzzy indistinct appearance of Messier and that a Lunar Orbiter picture shows a grey shadow. The Cameron extended catalog weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Limb North? 1881 Jul 04 UT 00:30 Observed by Several observers (Lebanon, CT, USA, naked eye, alt @ 10 deg) "2 pyramidal protruberances on upper limb (dark?). Points were darker than rest of moon's face then slowly faded away (atm ? moon very low)" NASA catalog weight=? NASA catalog ID #223.
Proclus 1972 Aug 17 UT 20:05-21:10 Observed by Haiduk (13.25E, 52.5N, 60mm refractor, S=1, T=3) "Well visible bright area at the NE wall, end of event uncertain for seeing became poor" Hilbrecht & Kuveler Moon & Planets (1984) Vol 30, pp53-61.
On 1993 Jun 27 at UT 19:55-20:21 and 20:24-21:04) D. Kane (England? UK, 4" refractor) discovered that the central peak of Alphonsus crater was very bright. The central peak was also brighter in red than in blue light. However G. North (Herstmonceux, UK, 6" reflector, x135, seeing V-III) and M. Cook (Frimley, UK, 4" reflcrctor, x10, seeing=III) observed that the central peak was normal, however they did not use filters. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID= and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1967 Apr 18 UT 03:10-04:00 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 8" reflector x300, S=8, T-4-5). "Streak on floor showed slight enhancement in red filter comp. to blue. Later, a 2nd streak formed. Probably the sun shining thru a valley in the rim. Red enhancement permanent? (Wise suspected a blink here 6h earlier)." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1027. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1867 Apr 12 at UT 19:30-21:00 Elger (Liverpool? UK, 4" aperture telescope) observed Aristarchus in Earthshine "grew fainter 7th mag. star; much fainter in last 15 min. & barely perceptible at 9PM. Had seen something similar on former occ." The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=152 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
In 1824 Jul 04 at UT23:00? Emmett (England, UK) observed a star-like light on the rim (in the dark). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=100 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1964 May 20 UT 01:00-01:30 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 2.4" refractor x117, S=6, T=5). "Orange-red color on W. wall. Vivid" NASA catalof weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #813.
Eratosthenes 1976 Jun 06 UT 02:01 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3" reflector x54-300, S=5, T=5) "Bowel was full of shadow but a small 5 deg bright spot on NE floor. Nothing seen in 1975 at nearly same col. but shadow was deeper." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1432.
Alphonsus 1990 Feb 03 UT 18:00-18:23 Observed by A.C. Cook (Frimley, UK, CCD video camera, seeing III-IV). At 18:06 W and SE dark floor patches, equally dark, but at 18:10 and 18:23 the W dark patch was the darker of the two?. Between 18:06 and 18:23 and a bright patch to the north of the central peak brightned slightly wrt the its surroundings. However seeing conditions worsened as the observing session progressed, and in view of this the ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1952 Feb 05 at UT 05:10 J.Carle (USA, 8" reflector, x180) observed the following in Plato: "A shadow in a depression, or a cloud, or an optical illus.? Oval dark area nr. center, disappeared in 15m clear & prominenet at first then vanished. 4 of 14 spots nr. center continuously seen while remaining ones seen only momentarily. (seeing?) Drawing includes sketch on March 7. His sketch shows 18 spots, 13 same as here". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=549 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Alphonsus 1966 Nov 22 UT 03:17-03:40 Observed by kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 8" relector x300) "Seen first with (Eng.) moon blink, red filter but not in the green. Not seen at 03:42h" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #998.
On 1969 Mar 27 at UT 18:42-18:47 Ringsdore (England, 15" reflector, x350), Moseley (Armagh, Northern Ireland) and P. Moore (Selsey, UK) observed nothing unusual in Alphonsus at 18:40UT, but at 18:45UT Ringsdore saw a blurring. At 18:43UT Mosely saw a reddush-orange patch and this was confirmed by Moore. NNW of the central peak, Mosely got a blink, but Moore did not because of too much stray light. The colour was like Jupiter's red spot, but less pronounced. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1118 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1960 Aug? 01 at UT 22:00? an unknown observer detected that Vitello was illuminated -it should have been in shadow? Cameron says that if several days before sunrise then the date could have been July through to December, with August 1st most likely, and ancilary data is therefore given for this date. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=729 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1979 Apr 06 UT 18:00-21:00 Observed by Crick (Belgium, seeing II- III) Part of floor darker than normal and obscuration on inner west wall - the effect did not change during the observation. Drawing made. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=49 and weight=3. ALPO-BAA weight=2.
On 1989 Jan 16 at UT 20:00 G. North (Herstmonceux, UK, 30" reflector) observed Toricelli B to change in brightness and found colour in it. A 10 minute exposure spectrum was taken (Cameron does not have information on whether anything unusual was recoeded) before clouds obscured the Moon. Normally a 30 minute exposure would be needed. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=345 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.