Guide to ELLSA
lessons in the first stage of ELLSA are appropriate for use by all American
Literature, English Language Arts and English as a Foreign Language
instructors in Southeast Asia.
outside the region will also find these lessons useful, but may need
to adjust an occasional question or cultural reference to adapt it to
their specific situation.
teachers from around the world and many disciplines are encouraged to
explore the ELLSA site for lesson plans, ideas and online resources.
Lab (Discussion Format)
Lab (Self-Access Assignments)
1: Low to mid intermediate. These texts are abridged texts
and are set at the 1000 word level (O. Henry stories) and 2000 word
level (Stephen Crane and Jack London).
2: Upper intermediate to advanced. These
texts are unabridged.
Materials & Language
1 is designed as an online companion to The Ladder Series from USIS.
The three titles from that series that are incorporated into this level
Gift of the Magi and other stories by O. Henry
Build a Fire and other stories by Jack London
Red Badge of Courage and other stories by Stephen Crane
language of these selections has been simplified from the original versions
to make them appropriate for the levels described above.
2 is designed for working with stories from:
- American Patchwork
- Highlights of
- Being People
stories are published in their original form.
about availability of books (use back btton on your browser to return
to this page).
and trainers may notice elements of many different language teaching
approaches and styles in these lessons. Principally, ELLSA incorporates
a content-based, language-through-literature approach. In practice,
this translates as a systematic study of the short story genre with
added dimensions of text exploration and vocabulary development.
lesson focuses on one short story, it's author and one element of short
story writing exemplified by that story. In addition, language specific
to that focus, is often examined.
a biography of the author and synopsis of the story, each lesson follows
the same four-part design:
(activation of student background knowledge and vocabulary)
(exploration of plot, setting, character, theme or conflict)
(focus on language analysis and use)
(creative writing, discussion and dramatization projects which allow
students to apply their learning to their own ideas)
Teaching with ELLSA
are both low-tech and high-tech options for teachers, depending upon
a school or city's internet facilities.
out all portions of the lesson which interest you. The main lesson
consists of four main parts: pre-story, in-story, exercises and
follow-ups. Go to each of these sections and select Print from
the File menu and print them part-by-part. If you would like to
use the text and vocabulary for the author's biography and story
synopsis, you will also have to print those pages as well.
onto and print out the lesson plan for the lesson you will be
through the plan and decide which questions you will cover and
which activities and exercises you would like to do from your
what additional materials or photocopies you should prepare for
your students read the assigned story before class.
class, students should have their books at hand as you go through
a school has an internet lab which English classes have access
to, the teacher can guide the students through the site in class
after they have read the stories.
two or three students share a terminal and instruct them to write
out the answers to questions and exercises in their notebooks
at their station. They will need access to the stories.
the lesson with the students and indicate which questions and
exercises they will be responsible for. (Prepare a list on the
board to help students to make sure they have accomplished all
assigned questions and tasks.)
all students begin at the pre-story stage and then progress at
their own pace.
and monitor the session.
student answers off-line and do the follow-ups as time allows.
Internet Lab (Discussion Format)
a school has an internet lab, the teacher can guide the students
through the site.
two or three students share a terminal station. They will need their
the students through the site question-by-question, link-by-link
just like a textbook.
students do pair or group activities at their stations and then
discuss results as a whole class, before moving on to the next section.
the follow-ups as time allows in your regular classroom.
Internet Lab (Self-Access Assignments)
many schools, whole classes cannot reserve the computer or internet
lab. In such a situation, simply assign the internet lesson as homework
to be done outside of class at campus computer facilities or internet
students to log on to the first map of the web site and click on
the level and story you wish to assign. The site maps can be found
sure to tell students to bring their books and notebooks with them.
Have them work through the lesson in the intended sequence: a) synopsis,
b) pre-story, c) in-story, d) exercises, e) follow-ups. The author's
biography can be assigned either before or after the lesson, or
even as part of a separate assignment.
students to write brief answers for all questions and write out
all exercises in their notebooks. (Printing from the file menu is
also an option, but may get expensive in terms of ink and printer
the answers on the assigned day using pairwork, groupwork and whole
class discussion formats as you see fit. You may also simply collect
the papers and check the students' work.
follow-ups as time allows.