Gassendi 1940 Jul 22 UT 05:00 Observed by Haas (NM?, USA, 12" reflector?) "Largest bright spot in SE part of floor had I=8.6, but 6+ on other dates. (see #472, 474 & 475). (8.6 is normal?)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #469. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Proclus 1956 Jul 25 UTC 06:16-06:33 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector, x180, S=3-5, T=4) "C.p. distinctly vis. within floor shadeo, est. 5 deg bright but no trace of it at col. 122.37deg in Oct, '55(Oct. 4?)." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #645. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Four bright spots seen in Mare Crisium. There was also peculiar behaviour of the terminator. Source: Midlehurst 1968 catalog TLP ID=16. Ref Web 1962 p62-76. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1955 Oct 04 UT 22:00 Dubois and Kozyrev (Crimea, Soviet Union, 50" reflector) observed the following in Aristarchus crater: "Low disprsion (d=.13 whereas on Oct 28 & Nov d=0.03) Spectogram showing emiss. in central part nr. H&K". Cameron says that this is a confirmation of the previous Bartlett TLP? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= 619 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
Pico 1976 Aug 13/14 20:50-01:00, 03:15 Observed by Foley? or Findlay? (England, S=E) "Dark line to the E. (IAU?) of Pico obs. & persisted till 0100h. On 14th the whole area around Pico was gray & diffused. At 0315h detail reappeared & NW corner sparkled. Small brilliant spot appeared due N. of it & the albdeo exceeded Aristarchus (=9+ ?)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1443.
Aristarchus 1969 Nov 27 UT 20:00? Observed by Miles (coventry, England, 5" refractor, x120) "Strong pink color in N. part; spectacular strong blink. Did not notice obscur. Bands were vis." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1227.
1936 Oct 04 UT07:42 W.Haas drew bands, many smaller spots on floor. Pickering's atlas 9D col 141 shows bands but no bright spots. Haas' location Aliance, OH, USA. Reference: Haas, W. J.Royal Astr. Soc. Canada. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=416 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Fracastorius 1975 Jul 27 UT 22:45 Observed by Robinson (Teignmouth, England) "Blink seen. Floor brighter in red than in blue. Suspects colour is spurious". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1410.
Plato 1975 Jul 27 UT 22:45 Observed by Robinson (Teignmouth, England) "Blink seen. Floors brighter in red than in blue". NASA catalog weight= 1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1410.
Theophilus 1975 Jul 27 UT 22:45 Observed by Robinson (Teignmouth, England) "Blink seen. Floor brighter in red than in blue". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASa catalog ID #1410.
On 1979 Jul 14 at UT 00:24-01:10 P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK, 15cm reflector, x35, x52, x73 and x110, seeing IV-V, transparency very good). Note that the observing date was also written as Jul 18th in the original report? Puiseaux was very clear in white light, but could not see the cenrtral peak. The central peak though was visible through a Waretten 15 (yellow) filter. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1904 Aug 01 at 05:00? Pickering (Echo Mt., CA, USA) UT Plato: "Bright hazy obj., 2" diam. on floor, Obs before & after were normal". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=318 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Messier A 1951 Oct 20 UT 00:00? Observed by Moore (England) "Brilliant white circular patch in it. has seen it & Messier blurred several times." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #545 Note that the date and time given are probably wrong as the Sun is ~7deg below the local horizon at this time. ALPO/BAA weight=1 to reflect this error.
On 1975 Jul 29 at UT 00:00 Fraser (England, 6" reflector, x70) and Howick (England, 3.5" reflector) observed the occultation of 51 Pisc. at emersion - Fraser saw a flash or spike of liht which proceeded emersion of primary by 0.4sec. The 9.0 mag companion appeared some moments later. Howick at 1 km away, with 3.5" reflector noted nothing unusual. Cameron says that no 3rd companion is known. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1411 and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1976 Aug 15 UT 23:00-23:45 Observed by Garbott (2) (Bedfordshire, England, 10" reflector x500, seeing Antoniadi I) and by Moore (Sussex, England, 15" reflector, x360, seeing Antoniadi IV) "Noted blue color on N. wall extending toward Herod. Also saw orange color in S. region. Confirmed by father. (similar to many of Bartlett's rept's.), More noted nothing unusual at 2320h." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1444. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2009 Oct 09 UT11:00-11:04 NASA's LCROSS upper centaur stage, followed 4 min later by the observation spacecraft, is due to impact into a the crater Cabeus in the hope of kicking up some dust and possible frozen volatiles. Note that this description is intended for observers on the date of impact and it is doubtful that any new science could be achieved by re-observing the same area months after the impact. If you are observing on the date of impact, then please observe around 11:00-11:04UT and ignore the predicted times in the headings. However this report is included as techniqcally if something is seen it is a TLP, albeit man-made! For those observing on the date in question here are a few observing tips to maximize the science of your observations: (1) If you are imaging, then please try to obtain images before the impact because you can then subtract these from images taken during the impact and hence show up faint changes that you might normally miss. (2) If you have a spare scope and camera,use this to observe through filters such as UBVR or I, or if you have narrow band interference filters, try observing in say Hydrogen Alpha, Methane, OH, or indeed any volatile that you might expect to see in a comet (the main source of water at the poles). (3) Please try checking the area long after the impact, just in case other effects might trigger a TLP. (4) Please go to some trouble to ensure accurate timings- these will be essential in order to understand the sequence of events - assuming any are seen. Timings can be obtained using a short wave radio or via a GPS. Note that you should always use UT or UTC. (5) Please send any observations that you make into the upload section of the LCROSS campaign observers web site. If you belong to an astronomical society e.g. BAA or ALPO, then do please send copies of your observations to the Lunar Sections of your society or club. (6) Finally this desription will be updated a day or two after the planned impact.
Alphonsus 1980 Jul 04 10:35-10:48UT Observed by B. Hobdell (St Petersberg, Florida, 6cm refractor and 20cm reflector. x130. Seeing Antoniadi I) "A dark discolouration was seen on the east floor, adjacent to the central peak and the dark area on the west floor directly south of the prominent dark area. Hobdell thinks it was a small crater on a secondary rill with slight venting discolooration, seen in Orbiter pictures. A sketch was made and the BAA alerted. The sketch matches the dark spots in Alphonsus (normal aspects?)" cameron comments that the sketch looks like the aspect in the Lick composite photos. Foley comments that dark at this lunar age is not normal. A UK observation made 14 hours later looked normal. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=99 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1974 Sep 08 UT 04:45-06:30 Observed by Cowan and Johnson (Dublin, TX, 8" reflector, x59, x152, S=7) "Saw a bright luminous, blue, misty cloud on th NE rim. Obscur. for 1st hr. then gave way to pink & features became vis. Cloud was tear-drop shape. No movement to glow. Pink cloud glowed too. Very tenuous by 0130h. (Nakamura says there were no seismic events within several hrs. of this time). Another person saw it without being advised as the where it was." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1393. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1878 Oct 18 at UT 21:00? Gaudibert (France?, 4"refractor) observed Webb's white spot on SW border of Wargentin to be brilliant, however this had vanished by Oct 19. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=204 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Tycho 2006 Jan 22 UT 06:34-06:36 Observed by Fabio Carvalho (Assis, Sao Paulo Brazil, 25cm f/6 Newtonian) "Green colouration seen on a rim of Tycho, effect remained visible for only 2 minutes. Attempts to image it shortly afterwards failed as it had finished by then" An REA-Brasil observational report. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1878 Oct 18 at UT 21:00? Gaudibert (France?, 4" refractor) observed Webb's white spot on SW border of Wargentin that had been brilliant the previous night, had completely vanished tonight. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=204 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1975 Aug 02 UT 02:23-02:49 Observed by Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector, photos obtained) "Floor of crater was slate gray/blue & a dense blue-viol. obscur. at NW corner of floor. Photos show smudge there. Phenom. vanished at 0249h. No alert or blink in order to get photos before it faded. Crater was abnormally bright." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID # 1412. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1897 Sep 22 UT 00:41 Observed by Molesworth (Trincomali, Shri Lanka, 9" reflector, conditions very good) "A Glimmering knotted streak seen beneath and parallel to the W wall. At the centre of the E. Edge of the shadow was another faint glowing effect – probably coincident with the central peak. The crater was more than half filled with shadow." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #290. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 May 15 at UT20:30-21:05 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector) was unable to see Aristarchus in Earthshine, though other craters were clearly visible. However by 21:30 the Cooks could clearly see Aristarchus. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=215 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 May 15 at UT21:30-22:30 M.C. Cook and J.D. Cook (Frimley, UK) could clearly see Aristarchus in Earthshine, whereas earlier that night P.W. Foley (Kent, UK) could not see the crater although other features were cisible. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=215 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
W.limb 1983 May 15 UT 20:30-21:00 R.Moseley (Coventry,UK, 6" reflector, x60) observed a faint but extensive brightening of the W.limb, perhaps a little stronger at PA=80-90 deg. No other features seen in Earthshine. Observation confirmed br R.Martiott (Northampton, UK, 8.5" reflector). ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1991 Dec 09 at UT 22:50 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3" refractor, x36) witnessed a flash in Grimaldi crater. Cameron comments that others had seen a flash there earlier, and there was a meteor swarm. Fritschel (madison, WI, USA, naked eye observing) detected 3 flashes in Grimaldi and also at the western limb of the Moon. D. Weier (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3" refractor, x36) was also observing. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=436 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1980 Apr 18 at UT 19:00-22:30 P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK) saw two very bright flashes on the eastern edge of Littrow, spaced 40 seconds apart. Ricketts observed blue flashes approximately 20-30 sec apart and Foley saw faint blue. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=86 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1880 Nov 06 at UT 20:00 an unknown observer observed a TLP at an unknown location on the Moon. The Cameron catalog has an entry for this date and time but does not specify the location, the observer or what was seen. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=218 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1981 Jun 07 at UT02:30-03:00 B. Hobdell (St Petersberg, FL, USA, 10" and 4" reflectors, seeing=I) at 02:30UT saw a flash from Aristarchus and another one from Schroter's valley. By 02:45UT Aristarchus was starting to be difficult to see and had occasionally a bluish cast. By 03:00UT the crater could only barely be seen. This was odd because visibility on the Earthlit side was really rather good. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=143 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1981 Jun 07 at UT02:30-03:00 B. Hobdell (St Peterberg, FL, USA, 10 and 4" reflectors, seeing=1) saw Copernicus to be very bright in blue. Clarty of Earthsine was exceptional tonight. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=143 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1983 May 16 at UT20:35-22:10 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK) noted that Aristarchus was dull in Earthshine (UT21:36-21:40). The floor was a luminous rose/violet colour. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=219 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
W.limb 1983 May 16 UT 22:00-23:00 R.Moseley (Coventry,UK, 6" reflector, x60) observed a faint but extensive brightening of the W.limb, perhaps a little stronger at PA=80-90 deg. No other features seen in Earthshine although Aristarchus suspected. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
North shore of Mare Crisium 1915 Dec 11 UT 06:00? Observed by Thomas (Glenorchy, Tasmania) "star-like pt. on N. shore of mare. (Eimmart?) Particularly bright spot. Tho't it was sunlight from rim of sm. crater." NASA catalog weight=0 NASA catalog ID #358. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1981 Jun 08 at UT01:48-02:45 B. Hobdell (St Petersberg, FL, USA, 10 and 4" reflectors) could hardly see Aristarchus crater, however at 01:48UT it brightened in blue for about 3 minutes. Then at 02:20UT there was a bright flash, and by 02:25UT the crater was very bright, but by 02:45UT it was no longer visible. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=144 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1983 May 17 at UT20:13-20:40 P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK, x38 and x63) found that Aristarchus was normal in appearance, but at 20:19 a blood red disk was seen as bright as a 6th magnitude star. The colour did not vary but the brightness changed from 4 to 8 over a 1.5-3min period, on the south west wall. Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector)observed Aristarchus at 22:10 and noted that it had the same rose-violet colour as had been seen by him a day earlier. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=220 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1988 Nov 14 at UT 17:25-18:30 H. Miles (St. Minver, Cornwall, England, UK, 5"refractor? x60 and x120) found Aristarchus to be a white ill-defined circular patch. At 17:45UT it was a lot brighter (Cameron comments that this might have something to do with sky darkness). In contrast, Copernicus was just seen as a white patch and the Jura mountains could be seen (not as bright). Aristarchus grew brighter over time and there was a bright point on the west wall (seen at x60 and x120). Ït was fainter at 1854 & < At 1830. (Foley) said Earthshine cond. Superb with many regions clearly seen, but Aris. was dull. (Cooks) in hazy condition could not detect Aris." The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=338 and weight=0. The ALPO weight=1.
On 1983 May 17 Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector)observed Aristarchus at 22:10 and noted that it had the same rose-violet colour as had been seen by him a day earlier. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=220 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Daniell 1979 Apr 02 UT 21:45-22:14 Obseved by Madej (Huddersfield, UK, 158mm reflector, f/4.2, x36-110, seeing II-III) "Obscuration seen" BAA Lunar Section Report. Cameron says that this was a bright white cloud that covered three quarters of the crater. A yellow filter was used at 21:48, but the cloud was still white, albeit thinner (at x110). By 22:14UT the TLP was barely visible and again no colour seen. Buczynski (Lancaster, UK, seeing = poor) saw spurious colour. Later (22:31- 22:46UT?) Mellor obtained some photos, but these revealed no colour. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=48 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1980 Apr 20 at UT 19:25-23:43 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 10" reflector, seeing II-III) found that Aristarchus was very bright in Earthshine (also found on the photographs that he took), giving off a blue "incadescence", the CED brightness reading was 5. Occasionally Foley could see a star-like point in the south east corner. For comparison in brightness he used highland terrain near to Grimaldi (CED=2). By comparison, Buczynski and Lord, could not see Aristarchus. Earlier, Geenwood saw the crater easily as a star-like point with a diffuse exterior glow. Cameron says thyat this was confirmed by Buczynski and Lord (?). At 20:35UT Amery decided that Aristarchus looked brighter than normal. Pedler though described the crater as "small dim nebulous blue or blue-green" that was invisible by 20:27UT. At 20:28-22:01 Blair could not detect Aristarchus, nor could J-H Robinson at 20:40UT though he did see it at 20:55UT as both diffuse and blue. Ricketts detected a blow glow with irregularly spaced flashes of roughly 5-10 sec apart. Cook's at Frimley, UK, saw no features in Earthshine. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=88 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1969 Nov 15 at UT 02:20-03:20 Lagunas (Santiago, Chile, 10" reflector) observed some brightenings in Aristarchus during the Apollo 12 watch. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1209 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1983 Jan 19 at UT 18:00-19:00 G. Amery (Reading, UK) discovered that Aristarchus could not be seen in Earthshine, this was odd because less prominent features could be seen. Other observers (Moore and Foley) confirmed the very low brightness of the crater. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=197 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Jan 19 at UT 18:00-19:00 G.W. Amery (Reading, UK) found that Messier was difficult to define. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=197 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1980 Apr 20 at UT 19:45-22:45 M.C.Cook (Frimley, UK) - colour (probably spurious) seen on Piccolomini. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=88 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1980 Apr 20 at UT20:05-21:02 J.D. Cook (Frimley, UK, 12" reflector, x60, seeing III-IV) at the start of this session found some bright spots in the area of Copernicus, and at 21:02 detected some flashes in this region. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=88 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1980 Apr 20 at UT20:27 M.Price (Camberley, UK) saw a flash in the Grimaldi-Aristarchus area. Cameron 2006 catalog TLP ID=88 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Linne 1867 Aug 06 UT 21:00? Observed by Buckingham (England?) "Crater in darkness, he saw a "rising oval spot". Other obs. saw it as a triang. Bold black spot pointing to earth, slowly diffused white & drift of white on slope of pyramid. (indep. confirmation?)" NASA catalog weight=5 and catalog ID #155. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Near Ross D (23E, 12N) 1964 May 18 UT 03:54-04:53 Observed by Harris, Cross et al. (Whittler, CA, USA, 19" relector x720, 8" reflector x322, S=G) "White gas obscuration. Moved 20mph, decreased in extent. Phenom. repeated. Drawing." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID 811.
White spot near Censorinus 1966 Dec 18 UT 23:40-23:46 Observed by Enie (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, 8" reflector x100, S=G) "Attention drawn to pink color in this usually white patch. Brightened to a light reddish tinge for 2 mins, then faded back to pink, then to white, Sketch." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1002.
Apianus D On 2011 Oct 03 UT 21:00-21:20 F. Power (Meath, Ireland, 11" SCT) observed changing colours (blue, white, and red) on the inner western rim of this crater. He changed eyepieces and moved the scope around to look at dufferent parts of the Moon, but nowhere else exhibited anything similar. As another test he asked his wife to have a look without telling her what he was seeing. She confirmed the same effect. 5 digital camera images had been taken. Most of these were out of focus and the first one was saturated, however one of them showed a approximately 35 km long, by 11 km wide (at the north) lopsided carrot shaped orange colour to the western rim of Apianus D. No similar strong colour could be seen anywhere else on the image, nor on the other 4 images. This TLP is being given an ALPO/BAA weight of 1 as the Moon was low, but an image taken looks interesting.
On 1988 Nov 15 UT 19:15 Holmes (Rockdale, UK, 215mm Newtonian) noticed the Censorinus apron (just east of the crater and including the rim) was fuzzy but the crater was clear - a sketch was provided. A BAA Lunar Section observation.Cameron 2006 Catalog Extension ID=339 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2001 Apr 29 at UT 20:50 R. Braga (Italy) reported that without any filter, the brightness of the east wall of Torricelli B was halfway Torricelli C (faintest) and Moltke (brightest). By insering a Wratten 25 red filter though, the crater was slightly more evident. However using a blue Wratten 39A filter, the crater vanished completely, whilst Toricelli C remained. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 2000 Feb 11 at UT19:00 G. North (Norfolk, UK) telephoned TLP coordinator, Patrick Moore, to report a possible colour anomaly in Aristarchus. Moore had poor conditions in Selsey (UK) and saw nothing unusual. However by this time North was reporting that, the colour was fading. Two other BAA members were alerted, but were clouded out. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1984 Apr 08 UT 19:50 Mobberley (14" reflector, x194, seeing III-IV, Transparency Fair-Poor, Cockfield, UK) found that Torricelli B's shadow was 1/2 the way across the floor, which was normal, but that there was a very dar grey/brown shroud around the carter, out to several radii. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1980 Apr 22 at UT20:30 R.Rohslberger (Hittfield, (near Hamburg) West Germany, 8" reflector, x170 25mm occular used, 300mm focal length?) took some photographs using projection. One of these recorded an apparent "ejecta curtain". Cameron considered lens flare, but the other photographs did not show this. If real then the plume was at a height of ~40km and the ray was ~130km. Cameron concludes that this was an impact photograph. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=90 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1983 May 20 at UT00:00-03:00 K. Marshall (Medellin, Columbia) noted that Mons Piton was too bright near the terminator and was surrounded by shadow. A sketch was made. The mountain appeared segmented with one thin shadow line. The mountain looked like a Mexican Sombrero hat. This appearance is normal. What was abnormal was that Piton was brighter than Proclus, and only slightly fainter than Censorinus. The CED brightness measurements were normal Piton=3.6, Proclus=3.5 and Censorinus= 3.7. Please check to see whether this is still the case. The cameron 2006 catalog ID=221 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Dome W. of Manillius 1965 Dec 30 UT 10:35 Observed by Newport (England, 4" refractor x180) "White patch or haze, everything else was sharp" NASA catalog weight=3 (average).
On 2009 Nov 25 UT18:42-21:03 P.Abel, T.Little and C.North (Selsey, UK, 15" reflector, seeing II-III, transparency very good), all saw visually a brownish tinge on the north west rim of Eratosthenes crater. P.Abel made a sketch and T.Little took some high resolution CCD images, some of which were through coloured filters. Checks were made for spurious colour, but none was seen elsewhere on the Moon. The eyepiece was changed but this made no difference. M.C.Cook (Mundesley) was observing with a smaller scope at the same time, but saw no colour, however observing conditions were worse. W.Leatherbarrow (Sheffield, UK) was observing with a instrumenet mid way in size, and saw a brownish tinge in the NW rim area, but saw a similar colour elsewhere and put this down to spurious colour. Normally multiple observers seeing the same thing would result in a weight of 4, however as this was only observers at Selsey and some of the evidence contradicts, I am allocating an ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Pallas-Schroter 1953 Nov 13 UTC 02:00 Observed by L.Stuart (USA) "Saw and photographed a bright spot on term. between these two craters. Used Kodak 103aF3." NASA catalog weight=5 and catalog ID #559. ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 1969 Nov 18 at UT 04:22 Loocks (Valparaiso, Chile, 12" reflector) observed a flash of light of magnitude 12. Cameron speculates a meteor and mentions the apollo 12 watch. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1214 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristillus 1939 Sep 23 UT 01:00 Observed by Haas? (New Mexico?, USA, 12" reflector?) "Dark area in W. part of floor had I=1.3. comp with I= 1.3, 3.7, 4.0 in #450, 454, & 459, respectively. (albedos disagree at same phases, so are real anomalies). (normal here?)." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #461.
On 1987 Mar 09 at UT20:00 M. Mobberley (Sussex, UK) obtained some video of Mons Pico - apparently these show the mountain with a puzzling appearance (not sure whether it was the observer who claimed this or some one who analyzed the tape). The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=300 and the weight=5. ALPO/BAA=1.
On 1936 Oct 25 at 01:35 UT W. Haas (Alliance, OH, USA, 12" reflector) saw small bright spots on the floor of Eratosthenes, (Pickering's atlas 9A, col. 30deg, shows no spots - according to Cameron). Cameron 1978 catalog TLP=417 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1982 Jul 01 at UT 02:23-02:58 Robotham (Springfield, ON, Canada, seeing=II) found that the west rim of Pytheas crater was a very bright yellow-white, indeed brighter than Proclus. At lower magnifications, Pytheas was one of the brightest spots on the Moon. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=173 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Piton 1958 Sep 23 UT 00:00? Observed by Moore? (UK?) "Enveloped in an obscuring cloud-like mist" NASA catalog ID 697. NASA catalog weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2011 Oct 07 UT 21:45 Gassendi observed by P. Grego (St Dennis, UK,300m Newtonian, x150, seeing III, intermittent cloud) - whilst producing some sketches of the crater - observer noticed a faint point of light inside the shadow filled interior, two thirds of the way out from where the central peaks should have been, towards the SE rim. Some uncertainty in being sure about this spot and after interuption by cloud it was not seen later that evening. ALPO/BAA weight=1 to refelct uncertainty of observer.
Bulialdus 1979 Aug 03 UT 21:36-21:48 Observed by Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing III, Moonblink device) "Bullialdus eastern side of the crater looked brighter in red i.e. rim and exterior, extending to the south slightly and this reddish areas was slightly hazy. At 21:41 it clouded over but at 21:47-21:48 it cleared briefly and effect was noted again. Also Darney appeared very visible through the red filter. Probably spurious colour as the Moon was -18 deg in declination and the whole Moon had a slight brownish tinge" ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Darney observed by Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing III, Moonblink device) See TLP report for Bullialdus (eastern side) concerning reddish areas. At 21:41 it clouded over but at 21:47-21:48 it cleared briefly and the effect was noted on Bulialdus again. Also Darney appeared very visible through the red filter. Probably both effects were spurious colour related as the Moon was -18 deg in declination and the whole Moon had a slight brownish tinge. An ALPO/BAA weight of 1 is assigned to this TLP."
Gassendi 1939 Sep 25 UT 01:30 Observed by Haas (New Mexico? 12" reflector?) "NE part pf c.p. had I=9.4 comp. with I=6.4 (normal? in # 458. under similar obs. cond. (& phase. thus real diff.)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #462.
Gassendi 1967 Mar 22 UTC 19:39-19:43 Observed by Mosely (Armagh, N. Ireland, 10" refractor, x360) "Red color & blink strongly suspected in small area centred on junction of 3 clefts 1/2 way from c.p. & ESE wall. Well-defined & did not note change during obs. period. Clouds terminated obs. till 2120 when it was not seen." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1018.
On 1989 Sep 12 at UT00:58-02:25 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x159, S=7/10) observed similar light conditions to 1989 Jul 15. At 02:00 he observed pink on the south west wall of Aristarchus crater. At 01:24UT the Aristarchus ray was yellowish, however the entire Moon had a grey-yellow tinge of colour. Chromatic aberation was observed at 01:56UT. By comparison Gassendi was checked and had no colour. At 02:10 the crater wall of Aristarchus was unusual and was quite different in appearance to rims of other craters. The cameron 2006 catalog ID=375 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
M. Cook of Frimley, UK observed a brightening of the crater during this observing session. The cameron 2006 extended catalog ID=346 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
G. Ward (a lunar observer for 15 years) observed an area just south west of Mersenius C to be blurred and in a greenish cloud. The green colour was more like that of dead grass than one gets from a neon bulb. The effect was seen from 04:50-04:57UT, but could have been going on before it was first noted at 04:50-UT. Seeing was 6-7/10 4" Refractor (2 element). refractor had been used hundreds of hours before (over a 10 year period) with no similar colour was seen. The observer checked other areas but did not see any similar effects. They also rotated and changed eyepieces, but this made no difference to the TLP. The TLP site seen was picked up on an image taken earlier at 04:47UT by W. Bailley, from Sewell, NJ, USA. Unfortunately the area concerned, a mountain on the image, was saturated and so we cannot tell if a colour was present there and the seeing was poor.
Aristarchus 1975 Oct 16 UT 20:00? Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 12" reflector) "Deep blue-viol. spot in NW (IAU?) interior corner." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID # 1413. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1889 May 11 at 22:00? UT an unknown observer saw an ink black spot on the rampart of Gassendi. It had not been seen before ar at the next lunation or indeed ever again. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=261 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1976 Sep 05/06 UT 18:45-01:35 Observed by Prout (England?, 12" reflector, S=III-II), Foley (England, 12" reflector), Moore and Spry (Sussex, England, 12" reflector) "Viol. hue on crater on W. wall, especially NW corner seen by Prout & 2 Foleys. Moore & Spry did not see color. All obs. noted that the crater was dull
Aristarchus 1971 Sep 01 UT 20:45-21:05 Observed by Neville, Cunnington (Nottingham, UK, 4" refractor x180, altitude, low) "Saw a bright glow, especially in E. wall (Confirm. but not indep.?)" NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1310. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1965 May 12 at UT 19:10 E. Penzel (Rodewisch, East Germany) was taking a sequence of images during the impact of the Soviet Lunik 5. He detected a tens of km scale elongated cloud after the impact over a duration of 9.5 minutes. However there are differences between the images elsewhere on the Moon, possibly due to different exposures or some other effects and it is not 100% sure that what he detected was impact debris/cloud?. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Proclus 1970 Oct 12 UT 00:54 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4" reflector, 51x-181x) "Floor darkened to intensity 1.5 deg (albedo) & c.p. became invis. Next day c.p. reappared & was 5 deg bright & 6deg bright on 15th" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1277.
D. Darling of (Sun Praire, WI, USA, using a 12.5" reflector at x150, noticed a hint of red? colour on the south west rim of Aristarchus. Brightness measurements were normal for Aristarchus and Herodotus. No colour seen elsewhere e.g. Prom. LaPlace. The colour on Aristarchus had gone by 01:15UT. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=414 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
A fleeting faint reddish patch was seen in Gassendi at 21:15UT. This observation has an ALPO/BAA weight of 2.
Rays of(?) (in?) Herodotus 1955 Oct 28 UTC 18:30 Observed by Kozyrev (Crimea, Russia, 50" reflector, spectragraph) "Spectrum 3934A (K of Ca). 3964 (H of Ca) change in luminosity. 13% in H, 19% in K, 2% in H, 3% in K. in photo-line-depth method" NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #622. ALPO/BAA weight=5.
Mersenius 1975 Jun 21 UT 21:50-22:45 Observed by McConnell (Northern Ireland, 6" reflector) Moore? (Sussex, Enland, 15" reflector, 5" refractor, S=F), Reading (Rushden, England, ? 14" reflector) and Foley (Kent, England, 12" reflector, S=P) "McConnell saw an obscur. starting at 2150h which disappeared at 2245h. Moore(?) alreted, saw no anomaly in 15 in refl. & 5-in refr. under fair conditions from 2209-2228h. Reading reported neg. fr. 2250-2345h (after phenom.). Foley reported color in it but also a crater to S. of it & Aris., prob. due to seeing conditions." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID#1408. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1995 October 6 at UT 21:30 R. Lena (Rome, Italy - a UAI observer, 11.4cm reflector) saw 4 or 5 flashes from Herodotus crater. Light intensities (mag?) ranged from 9 to 8 and they were brighter through a red filter. There is no 2006 Cameron catalog entry for this observation - it has come from the UAI web site. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
1954 Aug 11 observed by Firsoff (Somerset, UK, 6.5" reflector, x200) "Brilliant in red filter, variable)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #570. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus-Herodotus 1971 Sep 02 UTC 20:00 Observed by Ayeau (Paris, France, 12" reflector, x100) "Brownish-red or maroon seen on Aris. W.wall ridge to Herod. on S.wall of Herodotus" NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #1311. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1995 Oct 06/07 at UT 22:45-00:00 P. Mirteto (a UAI observer, RI, Italy, 20cm reflector) observed some brightness changes in Herodotus. Please note that this description is a summary of the material on the UAI web site. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Ross D 1965 Apr 14 UT 06:03-06:22 Observed by Harris (Whittier?, CA?, USA, 19"? reflector) "Phenomenon description unavailable. Given at an ALPO meeting" NASA catalog weight=0 (very unreliable). NASA catalog ID #874.
On 1995 Oct 06/07 at UT 23:05-00:00 P. Mirteto (a UAI observer, RI, Italy, 20cm reflector) observed some brightness changes in Prinz. Please note that this description is a summary of the material on the UAI web site. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1988 Sep 23 at 19:40-19:55 & 20:36-20:41 G. North (760mm Coude Rrefractor, x250, Royal Grenwwich Observatory, Herstmonceux, UK, seeing V, Transparency: Fair). 19:40-19:55 image very unsteady. All seems normal in other crtaters with the exception of Arcimedes. Much of the rim seems indistinct apart from a 1/4 length of the west rim. Strongly suspected that this was due to a combination of seeing and illumination. UT 20:02-20:06 - checked the area with a lower magnification 10" Astrographic Refractor - the crater seems more normal, so suggesting that the theory was correct. 20:36-20:41 returned to the 30" reflector, and the crater appeared similar to the start of the session. This is almost certainly not a TLP, but it would be helpful to have some images or sketches to check this theory out. Weight=1.
On 1987 Mar 13 at UT02:00-03:00 De Groof (Belgium, 8" reflector x150, seeing=clear) noted that the north west part of Aristarchus had a blood red shimmering filling the whole crater. A video by Mobberley some 18 hours later, shows variation in Aristarchus. Cameron 2006 catalog ID= 301 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1977 May 30 at 21:04-02:13UT J.H.-Robinson noted a loss of detail inside Gassendi, however he did not regard this as a TLP. The effect was also seen by P.W. Foley. Cameron 2006 extension catalog TLP ID=16 and weight=0 ALPO/BAA weight=1.
1982 Mar 08 Daniell UT 22:49-22:57 P.Madej (Hudersfield, UK) - A colour and brightness anomaly was seen a TLP alert was put out. Cameron 2006 catalog extension weight=165 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Godin UT 02:15-03:05 Observed by Porter (Narragansett, Rhode Island, USA, 6" refletor, 45, 90x, S=P?, T=2) "Albedo change in some pts. yellow-orange color on rim. Wondered if it were atmos. LTP albedo= 7,7,7,6.5. Normal albedos=7,7.5,6.5,6.5 for same pts. Nearby plain albedos =6. LTP from 0250-0300h. Intensity normal at first;pts in W. decreased & N.pt increased. No difference in intensity in red filter till suddenly it jumped out & became vis. above the high background albedo. Sketch. He thinks it was atm. seeing" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1370.
Aristarchus 1975 Oct 18 UTC 20:00? Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 12" reflector) "Deep blue-viol. spot in NW (IAU?) interior corner." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1415.
Aristarchus and Herodotus UT 20:00? Observed by Areau (Paris, France, 12" reflector x100) "Maroon color covering the ridge(?) E (ast. ?) & the ridge(?) S. of Herod. In 3 or 5 secs. Cloud disappeared after 10 min." NASA catalog weight=3 (average) NASA catalog ID #1312.
On 1973 Dec 8 UT18:15-18:20 R.Billington (UK, 2" refractor) reported that ristarchus was orange. However 15 minutes earlier, another observer, Livesey made a sketch and did not report any colour. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1979 Aug 06 at 22:24-22:54 P.Madej (Hudersfield, UK, 6" reflector. Purple Wratten 35, and Yellow Wratten 15 filters used) Orange glow seen (at x73) on west side of crater, near the central peak. The central peak was coloured too at x110. At 22:32 (x75) the central peak was brighter than the rest of the area wrough the yellow filter. At 22:34UT at x73 everything looked OK through the purple filter. The TLP was still visible at 22:54. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Lichtenberg 1951 Jan 21 18:19.2-18:38.5 UT observed by Baum (Chester, England). Tiny red spot noticed initially and then faded. Location of spot 31.403N 66.167W. 20cm refractor x90-x100. Seeing fair-extremely good. NASA catalog assigns a weight of 3. NASA TLP ID No. # 542. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Schroter's Valley 1955 Jul 03 UT 22:00 Observed by Firsoff (Somerset, England, 6.5" reflector x200) "Drawing contains a star-like pt. at N. part of valley." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #597. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Schickard 1940 May 20 UT 20:00 Observed by Moore (England, 12?" eflector) "Fog on floor -- milky appearance, less pronounced than on 8/2/39 (see #456)." NASA catalog ID #465. NASA catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1971 Jan 10 UTC 20:17-20:42 Observed by Taylor (Slough, England, 8.5" reflector) "Blink (dark gray to black), 13x3km diam. on E. wall & floor in indentation in wall. Smaller by 2028 h. gone at 2035h. Reappeared at 2028h & gone completely at 2042h)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1282.
Gassendi 1973 Dec 08 UT 20:20-20:22 observed by J-H Robinson (Devon, UK, seeing dair to poor). Suspected blink detected - might have been due to atmospheric condtions?. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2000 Jun 15 UT 20:37 C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60mm refractor, x117 & x40, seeing good, transparency excellent) observed abright spot on the north rim of Mare Crisium (57E, 25N). It was comparable to the illuminated rim of Proclus in brightness. No colour seen. The spot was not visible the next night. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1964 May 26 UT 04:10-04:35 Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, S=5, T=5). observed that Aristarchus had a strong blue-violet glow on the east wall and EWBS, with a strong violet tinge on the nimbus. Crater was hazy, could not focus it in red, green or blue light. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Archimedes 1940 Aug 18 UT 03:25 Observed by Haas (NM?, USA, 12" reflector?) NE outer wall had I=5.0, but was I=2.5 on June 20 (see #467) (similar colong.)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #471. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Proclus 1972 Nov 20 UT 20:20 Observed by Farrant (Cambridge, England, 8.5" reflector, x178) "Dark patch in crater. Disappeared by next nite. The normal ring seemed thickened. On Dec. 7. the crater appeared bright. Drawings. (prob. real LTP, nr. FM)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1350.
Gassendi 1966 Dec 27 UTC 06:30-07:05 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 6" reflector?) "Very faint blink on SW (ast. ?) floor & on another N. of it on NW floor. Obs. considers obs. very suspect" NASA catalog weight=1 (very poor). NASA catalog ID #1006.
On 1983 Jan 29/30 at UT20:35-01:00 Sykes (UK?) observed that Linne appeared to brighten for approximately 20 min and had the appearance of a point (confirmed). This observation was made during a major Torricelli B TLP. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=198 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Torricelli B 1983 Jan 29/30 UTC 20:35-02:30 Observed by Foley (12" reflector, seeing Antoniadi II, Transparency=good, no spurious colour seen), Moberley (14" reflector, seeing Antoniadi II, transparency excellent, spurious colour strong), Cook, J & M (12" reflector, seeing Antoniadi II-III, transparency moderate). All observers based in southern England. "Initially crater brightest feature on the Moon, then it faded. Strong colour also seen by all observers e.g. green-blue to violet. Report of observations written up in JBAA Vol 100, No. 3, p117 123, (2000) - probably one of the best reorted TLP". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=198 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 1983 Jan 29 at UT22:09 M.Mobberley (Sulfolk, UK, 14" reflector) noted that Arago B had a slight tinge of violet colour, and was a lot less (bright?) than Torricelli B's blueness. Other craters checked but were not showing any blue colour. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=198 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1983 Jan 29 at UT22:09 M. Mobberley (Suffolk, UK), found that Moltke crater was "exceptionally bright". Other craters (apart from Arago B Torricelli B etc) appeared normal. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=198 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 May 28 at UT 01:50-03:00 K. Marshall (Medellin, Columbia) observed the whole region of Aristarchus, Herodotus and Shroter's Valley all to have a brightness of 3 and all blue and impossible to focus on (he had never seen it like this before). Also the interior of Aristarchus was invisible. Brightness measurement taken and a sketch was made. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=222 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Proclus 1972 Nov 21 UT 21:30 Observed by Farrant (Cambridge, England, 8.5" reflector, x130) "Thickened bright ring remained, but the dark patch had disappeared. (dark patch prob. real temporary phenom. as it was seen nr. FM when contrasts are strongest, yet disappeared" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1351.
Gassendi 1940 Aug 20 UT 03:25 Observed by Haas (NM?, USA, 12" reflector?) "Largest bright spot on SE pt. of floor had I=8.6 (real changes? see @ '#649, 474, & 475, all similar change)." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #472. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
1824 Dec 08 UTC 00:00? Observed by Gruithuisen (Munich, Germany) "Bright fleck in SE part of crater" NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #104. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1947 Nov 30 UTC 00:00? Observed by Favarger (France?) "3 bright points on inner w. slopes." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #499. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1983 Jan 30 at UT 23:45 Chapman (England, UK) observed that Censorinus was low in brightness. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=199 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Jan 30 at UT 23:45 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector) measured that the brightness of the region around Toricelli B was 2.3 (high) and there was a slight blue colour. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID= 199 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Herodotus 1972 Jul 27 UT 2250-2350 M.Brown (Hutington, UK) thought that he saw a pseudo peak in the centre of Herodotus. He could not decide if it was real or an optical illusion. ALPO/BAA weight=1.