On 1991 Dec 28 at UT 02:10 P. Moore (Selsey, UK) could see no detail on the floor of Plato crater. This report needs to be read in context with the comments by Cameron for A.C. Cook's observation of the floor of Plato on 1992 Jan 18 - Cameron 2006 catalog ID=438.
On 1916 Jan 27 at 22:00? Markov (Russia) noticed that a light sector was visible at the bottom of Plato, in shadow, and contained 3 bright spots, reminiscent of phfescent bodies. The Cmaeron 1978 catalog ID=362 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Copernicus 1979 Sep 15 UT04:40-05:25 J.Saxton (Leeds, UK, 8.5" reflector, x185, seeing I-IV, worsening towards local sunrise) made a sketch and noted that the northern tip of the internal shadow, by the floor, was not completely dark. The edge of the floor here could be distingished, even though it was in shadow. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1979 Sep 16 at UT 08:00-09:00 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x62-x97, clear, but Moon at low altitude) detected four new features that he had not seen before in Earthsine in comparison with what he saw on 16 Jul 1979, this time in the southern part of the Moon. pin-point flashes were seen within these bluish areas. Each time a flash occurred the gas clouds brightened (sometimes by 6x) for a few seconds. Cameron thinks that these are related to moving clouds on the Earth's limb e.g. mackeral sky. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=69 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1824 Jan 27 at UT03:00 Gobel (Koburg, Germany) observed a reddish colour in Aristarchus crater. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=98 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1965 Aug 01 at UT 05:00 Welch (Table Mountain, CA, USA, 6" reflector, seeing=excellent) observed some star-like flashes in Aristarchus in ashen light. Cameron says 7/31/65 in MBMW=local time = 6/1/65 in UT. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=886 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Large plume-like diffuse cloud over central peak, very large compared to central peak (@ approx 30km diameter) with intensity much different from other parts. Brightness between walls and shadowed floor. Would take 3 minutes to collapse, so continuously fed. 13-14 days later, at SS, central peak was normal. Kuiper took photos after Kozyrev's observations, but saw nothing abnormal. Drawing. Haas saw nothing in 12inch reflector at the time. Cameron 1978 catalog TLP ID=705 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1982 Aug 01 at UT20:50 M. Mobberley (Suffolk, UK, 14" reflector, seeing III-IV) found that LaPlace A was significantly more prominent than usual - comparisons were made with photographs in books. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=178 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
1982 Mar 08 Daniell UT 22:49-22:57 P.Madej (Hudersfield, UK) - A colour and brightness anomaly was seen a TLP alert was put out. Cameron 2006 catalog extension weight=165 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1982 Aug 04 at UT19:25 Arkhipov (Ukraine). found that for 3 minutes Aristarchus brightened. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=180 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1982 Aug 04 at UT19:25 Arkhipov (Ukraine). found that for 5 minutes Copernicus flashes. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=180 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Mare Crisium 1965 Oct 11 UTC 05:15 Observed by McCord (Mt Wilson, CA, 100" reflector + spectrogram) "Line depth ratios a/b (H),, c/d (K) abnormally high compared with 23 other areas (including Aristarchus?)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID 902.
Mare Crisium 1965 Oct 11 UTC 07:32 Observed by McCord (Mt Wilson, CA, 100" reflector + spectrogram) "Line depth ratios a/b (H),, c/d (K) abnormally high compared with 23 other areas (including Aristarchus?)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID 902.
On 2012 Jan 09 UT 21:01-21:08 Hahn crater was imaged by N. Hazel (Beverley, Yorkshire, UK, Nikon D7000 with 70-300 zoom at max, with 2x teleconverter, at f9, 1/320 sec, ISO 400 – tripod mounted, mirror up), A series of images were taken. The 21:06 one showed a grey column cutting across the central floor of the crater from the west and then bisecting the eastern rim. All detail inside is completely invisble. Some (but not all) of the other images showed a more blurred view of this feature. It's possible that this was a seeing ripple effect, or just the natural appearance of shadings on the Moon at this time, however for now this will be given an ALPO/BAA weight of 1.
Mare Crisium 1965 Oct 11 UTC 10:10 Observed by McCord (Mt Wilson, CA, 100" reflector + spectrogram) "Line depth ratios a/b (H),, c/d (K) abnormally high compared with 23 other areas (including Aristarchus?)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID 902.
On 1989 Jun 20 UT 0628-06:58 R. Manske (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 1" refractor) discovered blue on the north west inner wall and red on the south east outer wall. At 05:39 he could see the blue but not the red. No colour was detected on Tycho, but he thought that he could detect a pinkish colouration over the whole Moon. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID= 367 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1983 Oct 22 UT 22:00 G.W. Amery, (Reading, UK, Seeing III-IV) found Aristrachus so bright that the CED was unable to give a reading. The crater's interior was also diffuse in appearance. The Cameron 2008 catalog ID=232 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1983 Oct 23 UT 19:00-01:30 Observer: Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector, seeing=II) noiced at 19:00UT an extended bright spot on E wall and extending beyond. This was brighter than other areas of the crater. There was also occasional star-like glistening. Foley comments that the inside of Aristarchus was slightly obscured. The TLP started fading from UT20:30 and finished by 01:30UT. six out of nine independent observers confirmed the effects seen. In total 14 observers observed, 9 reported back and 6 found abnormalities in Aristarcus though all encountered variable seeing conditions - some had spurious colour. Cameron comments that this was one of the best recorded/confirmed TLP events. All CED brightness measurements obtained were very high. Moore, Nicolson and Clarke (5" refractor and 15" reflector, 230-350xseeing III) found the crater to be very bright at 19:11UT through a 5" refractor and there was a blob on the east rim (Bartlet's EWBS?) at 19:14UT. Nicolson also saw a very bright star-like area on the eastern wall but this was not defined as it usually is. The crater was also very bright at 22:43UT using the 15" reflector available to these observers. At 01:07UT they used a Moon blink and discovered that the bright region was bright in blue light and less bright in red - although this was not a detactable blink when switching rapidly between filters. They found that the crater had returned to normal by 01:15UT. M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing III-IV) observed a large diffuse spot on the east of the crater that was brighter in blue than in red light and the CED device gave a high reading. J.D. Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing III-IV) made a skecth that showed the bright spot extended on the east wall - again the CED reading was high and a lot of detail was visible on the floor. A.C. Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing III-IV) also noted remarkable detail and the bright (as confirmed by CED) blob on the eastern rim. G. North (Sussex, UK, seeing III-II) also confirmed the bright blob on the eastern wall. Wooller found the north west wall was a dirty yellow colour - though no colour was seen elsewhere in or outside the crater. Mosely found the crater to be bright and his sketch revealed the extension of the bright blob on the eastern rim and again a great deal of interior detail. Amery (Reading, UK, seeing III) found Aristarchus to be "a brilliant splash against dulled background in violet filter, especially polarizing filter. CED + polarizer readings high, but not as high as previous night". Mobberley (Suffolk, UK, seeing III-IV) remarked that "spurious colour a total mess around Aristarchus & nothing abnormal seen". A photograph was taken at 20:50UT reveals the bright blob and entire detail. Peters (Kent, UK, seeingIII-II) observed Aristarchus with a UV screen from 20:15-21:23UT and comented that althogh being very bright, there was no variation between white and UV. It was checked with a Moon Blink device and the radial bands were clearly seen in white light, < in blue. The Cameron 2008 catalog ID=233 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Aristarchus 1964 Oct 23 UTC 02:35-02:45 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3" refractor, 133 & 200x, S=3-5, T=4) "South floor region granulated, 6 deg bright with very faint trace of pale yellow color; rest of crater 8 deg bright." NASA catalog weight=4 (good), NASA catalog ID #859.
In 1962 Sep 16 at UT08:05 Spirad (Victoria, B.C., Canada, 48" reflector) obtained a spectrum with a UV emission, in H & K lines compared to Jupiter and Mars. II-AO plates, 6A/mm dispersion. Fraunhofer lines much shallower than planetary ones. (whole Moon). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=770 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Aristarchus 1970 Apr 24 UTC 07:00 Observed by Thomas
Posidonius 1849 Feb 11 UT 02:00? Observed by Schmidt (Athens, Greece, 7" refractor) "Bright little crater in it was shadowless. Schroter saw repeated changes in it & others & once saw this crater's shadow replaced by a gray veil. Gruithuisen saw the same thing as Schroter in 1821." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #128. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
1886 Oct 16 UTC 22:00 Observed by Lihou (France?) "Unusual phenomena ? (drawing)" Ref Sirius, Vol 20, 45 p69 (1887). NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #252. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Near Aristarchus 1970 Mar 26 UT 17:00 Observed by Sekiguchi, Maisumoto (Tokyo, Japan, 36" reflector) "Pts. N & S of crater were brighter by 0.3 & 0.2 mag. respectively than normal -- far beyond limits of error. Color index (CI) also showed less depend. on phase by 0.1-0.2 mag. Did not show reddening dur. enhancement. Polariz. was less by 1-2%. Photog. photom. showed brightening over whole moon. Resolution = 2,3 km" NASA catalog weight=5 and catalog ID #1236. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
North of Kepler 1970 Mar 26 UT 17:00 Observed by Sekiguchi, Maisumoto (Tokyo, Japan, 36" reflector) "Photog. photom. showed brightening over whole moon. CI N. of Kepler enhanced by 0.5 mag. Resolution = 2,3 km" NASA catalog weight=5 (Very high). NASA catalog ID #1236.
On 1985 Sep 04 at UT 22:15 A.V. Arkhipov (Russia) detected a bright flash in Mare Tranquilitatis that lasted < 1 second and had a diameter of < 2 arc seconds i.e. the limit of seeing resolution. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=280 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus-Herodotus 1967 May 29 UT 06:40-07:25 Observed by Anderson (Manchester, N.Hampshire, 10" reflector, x212, S=G, T=E) "After timing sunset on Theophilus & Cyrillus turned to Aris.-Herod. At 0640 saw red- brown color centered at ?=.685, eta=+.390. Glow strongest at largest area at 0640. Decreased in area but not in intensity to 1/2 its size at 0648. At 0650 color gone. Seen again at 0658 but not so pronounced. Faded out at 0700, obs. terminated at 0725. (Haas thinks it might have been atm. dispersion at such low alt. of 12-17 deg)." NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID #1038. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1981 Dec 16 at UT 17:45 B.W. Chapman, Kingston-Upon-Thames, UK, 11.5cm refractor, seeing II, trasnparency Fair) found the east outer ridge brighter in red - inclined to blue. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1981 Dec 16 at UT 17:45 B.W. Chapman, Kingston-Upon-Thames, UK, 11.5cm refractor, seeing II, trasnparency Fair) found the west inner ridge lighter in red, and so to the east and south- west floor. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1964 Jun 30 at UT 05:50-06:10 Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA) observed the following in Aristarchus: "Nimbus only -- dark viol. hue. S. part of Aris. floor was granualated & a brown tinge -- changed to yellow & a brown tinge at 0500. First time he ever saw such a change in color. (this obs.listed in 210 & MBMW as June 20, but is a misprint)". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=828 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.