Taruntius on 1980 Apr 18 UT 22:33 P.Madej (Huddersfield, UK) noticed that this crater changed from dark black to almost a light grey over a period of about 30 seconds. Observation started at 22:27 and ended at 22:37. When the observer saw this effect in that 10min period is not given, so the UT above is the nid UT of the observing period. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1981 May 07 at UT20:30-21:20 M. Mobberly of Suffolk, England (14" reflector - seeing=poor and transparency=poor) P.W. Foley of ---- saw faintish yellow-brown streaks in Aristarchus. Apparently these had been seen the previous night, but were much fainter tonight. Bartlett had previously seen this effect on the southern floor of the crater according to Cameron. The Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID No. is 133 and the weight=3.
On 1979 May 30 UT 02:50-02:57 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x80, S=II=I and transparency=good-poor) observed Aristarchus to be glowing in the dark at magnitude 3 and at its maximum it was dazzling. The glow vanished at 02:57UT. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=54 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Proclus 1971 Jan 01 UTC 19:00-20:25 Observed by Marchart (Aldershot, England, 8" refractor x500). "Color patch on N wall, red & green on inside, even tho eyepieces were rotated & changed. (chrom aberr. ?) (experienced observer)." NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1280.
On 1983 Mar 19 at UT04:56-05:54 Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, 3.1" refractor, seeing=1-2 and transparency=4) observed that at 05:15UT Eimmart appeared fainter than the observing session began at 04:56 UT. There was also a bright flash on the north wall that "fluctuated at rate of 9s" Cameron comments that atmospheric blow ups were 11-12s. Louderback found that the TLP was seen in the blue filter but not in the red. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=207 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Messier 1878 Nov 01 UT 20:00? Observed by Kleis (Cologne, Germany, 6" refractor?) "Shaped like a half moon with E. edge missing. Appeared diffuse. Messier A was sharp & completely defined. Was sure there was fog there. Next day same appear. Shadow was diffused before noon, Mess. A is more yellow after noon, greener near Mess. A noon, both are same color." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #206. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1981 Mar 12 at UT 19:25-20:30 Butler (of Brixton, UK, using a 10" reflector at 32-64x) noticed that Aristarchus was not visible, although the Earthshine was very obvious. Foley (of Kent, UK, and using 12" reflector) noticed that the crater was only just visible but Plato could definitely be seen. Cameron's 2006 TLP extension catalog ID=125 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1789 Sep 26 at UT 03:30 Schroter (Lillienthal, Germany) observed close beneath Mons Blanc at the west foot, in the dark, a small 5th magnitude, speck of light. Its round shadow was sometimes black, sometimes grey. Cameron suspects that this is the same as her TLP report No. 50. the Cameron 1978 catalog ID=62 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1789 Sep 26 at UT04:25? Schroter (Lillienthal, Germany) noted a bright point 26" north of Aristarchus crater. Note that the year might have been 1788? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=50 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1789 Sep 29 at UT04:25? Schroter (Lillienthal, Germany) noted 1'18.5" south east of plato was a whitish bright spot shining somewhat hazily, 4-5"in diameter and at 5th magnitude. He never saw this again. The spot became conspicuous at times and then disappeared. There was nothing else similar in Earthshine. Note that the year might have been 1788? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=50 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Schroter, from Lillenthal in Gemany, in 1789 (possibly it was 1788) Sep 26 UT 04:30 saw a small nebulous bright spot on the northern edge of Mare Crisium. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=50 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Alphonsus 1972 Sep 15 UTC 18:48-18:56 Observed by Hopp (13.25E, 52.5N, 75mm refractor) "Diffuse white to blue area within the crater - not sure" T=4, S=4. Ref: Hilbrecht & Kuveler Moon & Planets (1984) Vol 30, pp53-61.
On 1953 Sep 16 UT03:00 R.M. Lippert (San Diego, CA, USA, 20cm Cassegrain reflector, x90)saw a bright magnitude 1 flash on the Moon, that was probably on the east rim of Werner(?) crater. It is unclear if the observer meant it was really magnitude 1, or was what a magnitude 1 star would have looked like. The flash was yellow-orange in colour. Observation described in the "Observations and Comments" column in the December, 1953 Strolling Astronomer (Vol. 7, No. 12), on page 170. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Messier 1878 Nov 02 UT 20:00? Observed by Kleis (Cologne, Germany, 6" refractor?) "Shaped like a half moon with E. edge missing. Appeared diffuse. Messier A was sharp & completely defined. Was sure there was fog there. Next day same appear. Shadow was diffused before noon, Mess. A is more yellow after noon, greener near Mess. A noon, both are same color." NASA catalog weight=4 (very high). NASA catalog ID #206.
On 1989 Dec 05 D. Darling of Sun Praire, WI, USA, saw two dark spots on the SE floor of Proclus. The first dark spot was seen through 3" refractor and then also through a 12.5" reflector (35x and 154x). Seeing was S=10 and T=5. He noticed that at 23:00UT the wall spot was less well defined. Darling also comments that he observed reflecting glint, almost as if from a glass surface - he had not seen this effect before. A telephone alert was issued and Caruso verified the spots. Cameron comments that the spots were not shadows because the Sun was at an altitude of 52 deg at Proclus at the time and she states that the steepest slope ever mesured on the Moon was 52 deg and not inside Proclus. Other observers observing were: Weier (6.5" refractor x284 and S=3/10), Caruso (8" reflector x100), and Cameron. The Cameron 2006 catalog extesnion ID was 382 and the weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Dawes 1948 Feb 17 UT 19:30 Observed by Thornton (Northwick, England, 18" reflector) "Did not see c.p. saw cleft-like streaks from SW crest to E, shadow." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #501.
Williams of the UK, on 1882 Aug 21 at 19:30UT (Moon's age 7.9 days) noticed a spot at least half as bright, and as large as Picard, near to Picard crater. This observation was reported in the Astronomical Register of the Royal Astronomical Society and is not included in the Cameron catalogs. It is one of many measurements of the brightness of this spot for different illumination angles and is one of three outlying brightness points spotted on a graph by Willaims. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Archimedes 1967 Jan 18/19 UT 23:00?-01:00? Observed by Delano (New Bedford?. Massachussetts, USA, 12.5" ? reflector) and by Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector + Moonblink) "Saw an obscuration or unusual appearance on floor. Not confirmed by Corralitos MB., but their rep't says Aristarchus)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1009. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Pickering 1971 Jan 04 UTC 20:29-20:37 Observed by Collier (London, England) "Between Saunder and Rhaeticus, apparently coming from Pick. After 2027h it dimished with extraordinary swiftness, like a light goes out. (experienced observer)" NASA catalog weight=?. NASA catalog ID # 1281. Note that this crater was previously called E.C. Pickering before the IAU renamed some craters.
Archimedes 1966 Mar 29 UT 21:00 Observed by Hill (England, 24" reflector, x250, S=E) "Brightening of E-W bands across floor. (Obscuration accord. to Moore)" NASA catalog ID #923. NASA catalog weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1886 Jun 10 at UT 21:00 (estimated) Tempel of Germany, saw a star- like light (Cameron comments that the reference in the Middlehurst catalog is wrong). Cameron 1978 catalog ID= and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Eratosthenes 1947 Jan 30 Mean Col. 16deg. Observed by Hill (UK) "Main peak of massive central mountain group appeared to be in a shadowless having regard to it's claimed height of 6,600 ft. The whole of the floor to the west should have still been in darkness. Instead immediately to the west was a dark (intensity 1.5-2) region extending almost to the foot of the bright inner wall and very diffuse in outline. The observation could not be followed through due to increasing cloud, but on the following night all was normal."
On 1981 May 12 UT 22:00? M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK and using a 12" reflector), noticed that Censorinus was very bright, fuzzy and occasionally brighter than Proclus. However both Foley (Kent, UK) and Amery (Reading, UK) using a C.E.D. found that Proclus was brighter than Censorinus as it had been during April and May 1981. However Chapman obtained the reverse of this. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=138 and weught=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1989 Dec 06 at 23:09-23:34UT D. Darling of Sun Praire, WI, USA (3" refractor x36 and x90, and then a 12.5" reflector at x64, S=7/10 and T= 4, saw dark spots in Proclus (not as dark as those from 5th Dec 1989). Two telescopes were used and the bigger of these revealed some shading on the floor of Proclus approximately a third as intense as he had seen the previous night. A sketch was made. The TLP finished by 22:34UT. Cameron comments that the dark patches could not be due to shadow as the altitude of the Sun was too high at proclus. The Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=383 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1981 May 12 UT 22:45-2325 M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK and using a 12" reflector), noticed that Censorinus was very bright, fuzzy and occasionally brighter than Proclus. However both Foley (Kent, UK) and Amery (Reading, UK) using a C.E.D. found that Proclus was brighter than Censorinus as it had been during April and May 1981. However Chapman obtained the reverse of this. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=138 and weught=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
In 1952 Nov 26 at UT 01:00? Carle (USa, 8" reflector, x700, seeing = poor) observed the following in Plato: "Sketch shows 8 spots -- 5 craters showed interior shad., 1 completely filled, but no others seen despite several hrs. of study. Spots that should have been seen were missing. poor seeing converts floor into shimmering shapeless blob. Has observed it under good seeing & seen nothing on fl. as others have noted". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=555 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Proclus 1976 Jul 06 UT 01:35 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3" refractor, 40-450x, S=6, T=3) "Nothing vis. on floor (albedo=2 deg?) (usually features are vis.)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high).NASA catalog ID #1437.
On 1955 Aug 27 at UT 01:51 McCorkle (Memphis, Tennessee, USA, 6.5" reflector, x200) observed a 2nd magnitude bright flare on the dark side of the Moon. This remained steady, fading slightly before abruptly disappearing. Cameron suggests that this might have been a meteor. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=604 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1980 Apr 24 at 23:35UT Marco Petek (Porto Alegre, Brazil, using a 7.5" refractor noticed that the center of Plato was bright and opaque and the observer thought it was similar in appearance to Linne. A sketch was made and two other observers confirmed the appearance. Cameron mentions that Petek is an experienced observer. Cameron 2006 catalog extension TLP ID=91 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Messier and A 1966 Dec 22 UT 06:00-06:30 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 8" reflector, x200, S=G, T=P) "Blinks on floors of both craters (blink device not stated)" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalaog ID #1004.
On 1985 mar 01 at 20:00UT? Moseley noticed a violet band (tapering to an apex close to the crater centre and merged with the eastern exterior) around Toricelli B, however M. Cook (Frimley, UK) had seen a dusky band(England, UK) on an earlier photo. There was no terminator shadow in the crater. Cameron 2006 Catalog Extension TLP ID=260 aqnd weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Censorinus-Maskelyne 1927 Apr 11/12 UTC 23:00-01:00? Observed by Druzdov (Russia) "2 luminescent pts. observed. Not vis. at same sun angle on May 7 & 12th. Not vis. on photos of Barn in 5/23/63" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #393.
2004 Jan 02 UT 09:05 (approx) M. Collins (Palmeston North, New Zealand, ETX 90, seeing 3, clear) saw a possible(?) flash north of Carlini D at about 16W, 35N in adverted vision. It lasted only a split second. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Williams of the UK, on 1892 Aug 23 at Moon's age 10.0 days, noticed a spot now rated at +1.5 (in brightness) that had been seen on the 21st Aug, near Picard. Williams comments that this is the only obsewrvation that departs "much" from the curve of diurnal brightness. The spot was descibed as "nearly as large as Picard and nearly half as bright. This observation was reported in the Astronomical Register of the Royal Astronomical Society and is not included in the Cameron catalogs. It is one of many measurements of the brightness of this spot for different illumination angles and is one of three outlying brightness points spotted on a graph by Willaims. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Observed by Chernov (Russia) "A periodic change in shape of small dark spot at bottom of round spot further N. adjacent to inner wall. It was larger than in proceeding months at same sun elev." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #669.
The UT given in the Cameron 2006 extension catalog are: 20:58, 23:25- 02:20 and 01:40-04:00, however it is not clear what UT applies to which of the observers or the two features reported as having TLP on that night. On 1984 Feb 12-13 Marshall (South Anerica, seeing=III-II) noticed that Moltke was very bright with a fuzzy violet hue - he had never seen it like this before. Cameron 2006 catalog extension TLP ID= 240 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
The UT given in the Cameron 2006 extension catalog are: 20:58, 23:25- 02:20 and 01:40-04:00, however it is not clerr what UT applies to which of the observers or the two features reported as having TLP on that night. On 1984 Feb 12-13 Marshall (South Anerica, seeing=III-II) saw initially no craterlets in Plato, despite the Moon being at a high altitude. At 01:45UT the northwest corner of Plato was red. Again no other craterlets showed. He found the surrounding wall to be too bright and this was confirmed by Crater Extenction Device readings and had problems focussing on the crater. By 02:00-02:50UT he noticed variability in the visibility of the craterlets. By 03:48UT the central craterlet was much brighter than before and the crater doublet had brightened but the southern craterlet was still invisible. Cameron comments that Marshall was a very experienced observer. A. Cook (of Frimley, UK) obtained a photodiode line scan image of Plato. The brightness of the north west wall was brighter than the bright area on the west wall. Marshall and Mosely both saw a dark area on the floor of Plato close to the south wall (from clock position of 11 o'clock. There was a prominent white spot on the floor and the central craterlet was seen, but only under good conditions. Mosely does not discuss the west and north west wall brughtnesses that were seen earlier by Cook and Marshall. Cameron 2006 catalog extension TLP ID=240 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1967 Jan 21 UT 19:36-20:24 Observed initially by Moore & Moseley (Armagh, N.Ireland, 10" refractor, x360, S=G), Ringsdore (England, 10" reflector), Sartory (Farnham, England, 15" reflector?), Duckworth (England), Kilburn (Ashton, England, 6" reflector), Farrant (England, 8" reflector) "Eng. moon blink at 1936 (no events from 1750-1815h) outside SE wall, brighter at 1939h, seen vis. at 1940h, faint at 1946h. Moved NW at 1950h. At 2000h, Moseley saw it farther W., lost it at 2008h. Seen again at 2026h further toward group of hills. Moore saw it faint at 2002h, lost it at 2005h, vis. & blink at 2007h. Checks again at 2010-50h, 2130-50, 2200-20, 2250-2300, 2325-0000h.Duckworth suspected blink in S.Iridium nr. Bianchini later, but clouds intervened, after clearing couldn't see it. Neg. obs. in 11 other features, inc. Alphonsus & Plato. Confirmed Gass blink 2018-2024h" NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1010. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Alphonsus 1969 Nov 20 05:27 (UT)? Observed by Argus/Astronet (San Diego, Sacramento, CA, USA) "Brightening in crater. (San Diego & Sacramento obs. confirmed, but astronauts did not see anything. Apollo 12 watch)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1222.
Gassendi 1971 Oct 29 UT 22:15-22:50 observed by J.Coates and A.R. Neville (Burnley, UK, 6" reflectir, x192, slight fog, seeing jumpy but good at times). An in ititial Moonblink search proved negative. However white light observations by Coates revealed a golden brown colour between the black interior shadow and the base of the (bright W (IAU?) wall). Neville confirmed its appearance as a coppery hue and saw the colour for 5 minutes before it vanished at 22:55UT. ALPO/BAA weight=2
Plato 1966 Dec 23 UT 06:15-07:10 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 6" reflector, S=P, T=G) and Coralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector +Moonblink) "3 brilliant spots on floor, all showed blinks, (permanent colored Ground features ?). Not confirmed by Corralitos MB." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1005.
On 1985 Mar 02 at 20:00UT? Marshall (Medeline, Colombia, South America) measured some very low Crater Extinction Device brightness readings of Censorinus compared to Proclus. The Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID= 261 and the weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1990 Sep 30 at D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x150) observed a red spot on the west wall (bright in red filter and faint in the blue filter. No filter reactions were found elsewhere. Gassendi had much detail visible. A sketch was made. BAA observers in the UK were alerted but they could not observe due to cloud. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=411 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1977 May 28/29 UT 20:45-21:15 Observed by D. Sims (Dawlish, Devon, UK) saw a hazy area on the south east floor that was normal in red and white light but darker in blue. This was partly confirmed by J-H Robinson (Devon, England, 10" reflector) 21:24-23:12 who saw the south east floor of Gassendi to have a loss of detail - but no colour seen, although at 21:57-21:58 it was slightly brighter in red than in blue briefly. P. Doherty (22:45-23:15) did not see anything ususual. D. Jewitt (22:22-22:55) did not reveal anything ususual, apart from spurious colour. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=3 and ID=1463. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus, Schroter's Valley, Herodotus 1881 Aug 06 UT 00:00? Observed by Klein (Cologne, Germany, 6" refractor, 5" reflector) "Whole region between these features appeared in strong violet light as if covered by a fog spreading further on 7th. Examined others around & none showed effect. Intensity not altered if Aris. placed out of view." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #224. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1982 Apr 04 at UT 23:30-00:25 P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK, 7cm refractor & 16cm reflector) noticed the TLP in his refractor first of all at x25. So stepped up the magnification to x111 and found the crater brightness not what he was expecting. He tried different filters but found no difference in brightness. With the 16cm reflector however some changes in brightness were dected. The crater has a very pale yellow colour and it was slightly darker than Lacus Somniorum. P. Foley tried to confirm at 00:09 but the crater looked normal then. The Cameron 2006 catalog extension TLP ID is 167 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
A blue tinge was seen inside and outside the crater perimeter. The surrounding halo lost brightness that was observed on 1993 Jan 29. Observed on Apr 19, 20 and 28th. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=213 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Schroter's Valley 1955 Aug 29 UT 19:45 Observed by Firsoff (Somerset, England, 6.5" reflector x200, S=P-F) "Valley almost completely invisible in blue" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #605.
Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector x180, S=1-5, T=5) Pseudo peak visible within floor shadow at 03:10h" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #671. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Proclus 1970 Oct 12 UT 00:54 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4" reflector, 51x-181x) "Floor darkened to intensity 1.5 deg (albedo) & c.p. became invis. Next day c.p. reappared & was 5 deg bright & 6deg bright on 15th" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1277.
Aristarchus 1976 Sep 05/06 UT 18:45-01:35 Observed by Prout (England?, 12" reflector, S=III-II), Foley (England, 12" reflector), Moore and Spry (Sussex, England, 12" reflector) "Viol. hue on crater on W. wall, especially NW corner seen by Prout & 2 Foleys. Moore & Spry did not see color. All obs. noted that the crater was dull
Hobdell, of St Petersburg, FL, USA, using a 2"? refractor? and Seeing=I-II, saw a bright region on the north west wall that seemed to change in brightness. In truth, there were other features elsewhere on the Moon that also fluctuated, but not as much as Aristarchus was. No colour was noticed. Cameron suspects fluctuations in our own atmosphere. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID 131 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2002 Feb 24 UT 05:15-05:35 W. Haas (Las Cruces, NM, USA) observed an obscuration in Herodotus - the shadown was, almost, but not completely black. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Schickard 1972 Sep 19 UT 19:45-20:25, 20:00-23:30 Observed by Watkins (Herts., Eng. 4.5" reflector, x225, S=G) Amery (Reading, Eng.m 12" reflector?), Fitton (Lancashire, Emg., 8.5" reflector) and Moore (Selsey, Eng., 12.5" reflector?, 4.5" refractor 45-225x, S=P) "Luminous, nebulous spot attracted Watkin's att'n. Got brighter. Checked 'scope--not instru. Obj. had greenish-gray color, size @ 15km. Amery & Fitton with blink devices noted nothing unusual at later times (2000-2330h). Aris., Plato, Gass. were neg. at 1930-2025h (date not given, guessed at fr. available info.). Turbulence, lasting secs. at a time." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID # 1344. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2002 Feb 24 UT 06:05-06:20 W. Haas (Las Cruces, NM, USA) observed that the shadow was, almost, but not completely black. This might have been related to the observing conditions. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1955 Oct 28 at UT00:00? Kozyrev (Crimea, Soviet Union, 50" reflector) detected in Aristarchus Fraunhofer lines in UV spectra that were much narrower than in the solar spectrum. This indicated luminescent glow which overlapped contour(?) lines. Greatest after Full Moon, but fluctuated monthly with no indication of solar activity effect. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=621 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 1955 Oct 28 at UT 00:06 W. Taylor saw a naked eye flash on the Moon in the north east area, on the edge of Mare Vaporum. The flash was intense and radiated to a large area. The duration was 1/4 seconds.
Aristarchus, Schroter's Valley, Herodotus 1881 Aug 07 UT 00:00? Observed by Klein (Cologne, Germany, 6" refractor, 5" reflector) "Whole region between these features appeared in strong violet light as if covered by a fog spreading further on 7th. Examined others around & none showed effect. Intensity not altered if Aris. placed out of view." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #224.
Aristarchus 1981 Mar 17 UT 22:40-23:25 Observed by Moore (Selsey, England, 15" reflector, seeing III) "Aristarchus very bright according to Crater Extinction Device and a coloured blink detected" BAA Lunar Section TLP report. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2016 Jun 17 UT 05:00 A.Anunziato (AEA, Argentina Meade ETX 105, seeing 7/10, sketch made) observed a very tiny light spot where the shadow from topographic relief to the south of Vallis Schroteri nerges into the crater rim shadow on the floor of Herodotus. There should be no light spot here. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Gassendi 1939 Aug 27 UT 02:00 Observed by Haas? (NM? USA, 12" reflector?) "NE part of c.p. was I=6.4, compared with I=9.4 on 9/28/39 (see #462) under similar cond.@ NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID# 458.
All observers saw a blue tinge seen inside and outside the crater. Marshall observed a bright spot in the middle of the crater floor and thought perhaps that it was a central peak. No central peak can be found on Lunar Orbiter images. Cameron 2006 Catalog extension ID=214 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Proclus 1976 Sep 06 UT 02:00 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" reflector 45-300x, S=3, T=5) "Nothing vis. on floor of 2deg brightness. Usually floor ray & Proc. A are vis. at this col. & c.p. is 5 deg bright. (must have been 2 deg tonite)." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1450.
Cobra Head, Aristarchus 1964 Feb 25 UT 02:37-02:38, 02:39-02:42 Observed by Budine (Binghamton, New York, USA, 4" refractor, x250, S=6, T=4) "Red flashes" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID # 802.
Schroter's Valley 1897 Oct 08 UT 22:00 Observed by Pickering (Cambridge, Maas., USA, 15"? refractor) "Variations in vapor col. Tillsow, C was largest compared with D&E& most conspicuous 1.3 d after sunrise. Drawing. (time est. fr. given colon.)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #291.
Ross D 1965 Apr 14 UT 06:03-06:22 Observed by Harris (Whittier?, CA?, USA, 19"? reflector) "Phenomenon description unavailable. Given at an ALPO meeting" NASA catalog weight=0 (very unreliable). NASA catalog ID #874.
On 1988 Jan 02 at 05:57-06:13 UT D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, using a 8" reflector, seeing 4 out of 10) observed that points B and D on Cape Agarum faded suddenly from 7.0 to 6.4 (B) and 6.0 (D). However these returned to their normal levels at 06:13 UT. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=316 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1990 Oct 02 at 02:25-02:45UT D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA using a 12.5" reflector at x159, with red and blue filters), saw a blink effect on the west wall of Plato i.e. brighter through a blue filter than through the red. No Colour blinks seen on Gassendi or Aristarchus. Cameron 2006 Catalog TLP=413 and weight=4.
On 1984 Feb 14 P. Moore (Selsey, UK) thought that there was something odd about Mons Pico in that it looked very bright and gave a good impression of a crater. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=241 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1984 Feb 14 P. Moore (Selsey, UK) observed that Plato was darker than the nearby mare and no detail could be seen on the floor or the eastern wall - the later was obscured. At 23:40UT some dimming was still present on the north east wall and still no detail on the floor of Plato. Cook noticed that the eastern floor close to the wall was misty and also noted no detail on the floor. Amery though noted that all parts of the floor were sharp although some darkening was visible in the north west and a hint of obscurtion. The east wall though was quite sharp. Mosely could see the central craterlet but from 8-6 o'clock tricky to define (Foley says that this effect has been seen at this colongitude before). Streak ray across the floor of Plato seen (North) - filter measurements made. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID= 241 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1977 May 30 at 21:04-02:13UT J.H.-Robinson noted a loss of detail inside Gassendi, however he did not regard this as a TLP. The effect was also seen by P.W. Foley. Cameron 2006 extension catalog TLP ID=16 and weight=0 ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1988 Jan 02 at 06:41-07:08 UT D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, using a 8" reflector, seeing 4 out of 10) observed that at 06:56 UT Aristarchus floor (point F) brightened rapidly from an intensity of 5.2 to 6, however at 07:08 UT the spot returned to normal. He also noticed that the bands on the walls varied every few minutes. A mist like appearance was seen on the floor of Aristarchus. Through a red filter he could see through the haze, but floor detail could not be seen through a blue filter. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=316 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Flashing spot at end of SV fluctuated. Herzog, Darling & Weier confirmed spot but not fluctuation. Spot brighter in red than blue, but Cobra Head was bright in blue. No other region was abnormal.
On 1980 Apr 28, Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA using a 8" reflector and a 2.5" refractor) observed a very bright reg region on top of the south west rim of Aristarchus crater. This was on the same side as the ray system between Aristarchus and Herodotus. Louderback noticed some chromatic aberation - blue where he had seen the red patch before. Louderback suspects chromatic aberation was the cause although did not see red in that region ever again. "Patch was between his observation points A and C. Point C was 5 points brighter in the red filter than in the blue." A sketch was made. Cameron suspects that the TLP was real. Cameron 2006 TLP catalog extension ID=92 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Louderback observed that the south west wall was a creamy deep yellow. There was also strong fluorescent blue on the west wall of the Cobra Head - Schroter's Valley area and this was similar to the violet glare seen on Aristarchus at times. Violet was seen between Aristarchus and the Cobra Head. Seeing coditions were poor. Brightening of a point near C occurred roughly every 10-15 seconds and lasted 0.5 sec - (Cameron concludes that this was not due to the Earth's atmosphere). A 0.2 step drop in brightness was seen on point A (twin spots). Point C had reduced by 0.6 steps. Elsewhere was stable in brightness. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=281 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Variations in vapor column rising from the Cobra Head feature (seen on several nights in succession) and also in the visibility of craterlets A, C, F. Sunrise +2d. (time est. fr. gives colongitude). Cameron 1978 catalog ID=279 and weight=3. Pickering was observing from the southern station of Harvard University in Arequipa, Peru.
Aristarchus 1975 Sep 18 UT 21:00? Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 12" reflector) "Deep blue-viol. spot in NW (IAU?) interior corner." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1414. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Madler 1940 Aug 17 UTC 06:45 (Cameron gives 07:30 but Haas says this is wrong) Observed by Haas (New Mexico?, USA, 12" reflector?) "Bright spot on S. rim had I=5.9 on this date but 6.8 on Sep. 16, when observ. cond. were similar (see #473)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #470. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Mare Humboldtianum 1951 Jan 21 20:47-22:00 UT observed by Baum (Chester, England). The appearance of some mountains on the limb appeared to change over time, with some mistiness. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1937 Jul 22 UT 06:20 Observed by Haas (Alliance, Ohio, USA, 12" reflector?) "Floor distinctly greenish, but was gray on June 23, 1937 at 0430 & col.84 (normal?)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #421. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1916 Oct 10 UT 21:00? Observed by M, Maggeni (Florence Obs., Italy) "Reddish shadow spread over part of crater. Looked like vapor (like nitrous vapor) and obscured underlying craters. The Cameron 1978 catalog weight=3 and ID = 365. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus, Cobra Head, 1969 Dec 23 UT 05:19-05:34 Observed by A.R. Taylor (Buckinghamshire, UK, 8.5" reflector, 240x, Wratten 25 and 80B) Strong blink in crater at 0519. All traces gone by 0534. Could only see in filters, Plato, Copernicus, Gassendi all normal. Obscur. also in Cob. Head." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1230. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1973 Feb 15 UTC 17:07-19:31 Observed by Theiss (located at 51N 5.67E) "area 4-5 diameters of Aristarchus were coloured clearly yellow-red" 120mm reflector used. Ref Hilbrecht & Kuveler (1984) Moon and Planets Vol 30 p53-61. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1973 Aug 13 UT 22:25-22:35 observed by Pedler (Devon, UK). Observer noticed a slight blink on a lighter patch on the floor just beneath the south(?) rim using Moon blink filters. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
David Darling observed bright glittering on Aristarchus. This was followed by a flare up in brightness at 00:38:05 UT in the comet-like ray area of the crater equivalent in intensity to the central peak. Then he saw another one on the north east rim of Aristarchus of the same brightness. A third flare was seen at 00:49UT in south of Herodotus, on the comet-like ray. Another two flares were observed at 00:56UT on the north west rim of Aristarchus. Darling suspects that these effects were due to seeing effects and Cameron agrees. However Weier suspects that they were TLP? Brightness measurements by Weier were for the south west rim of Herodotus 8.0, for a spot at the Cobra's Head 9.0 and 7.5 for C.H. Cameron apparently did not see the flashes but did suspect that the interior of Aristarchus was a bit unusual. Don Spain did not see anything unsual at all. Cameron 2006 extended catalog ID=380 and the observation weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Herodotus 1971 Dec 02 UT 20:40 Observed by Kilburn (Manchester, UK, 8" refractor, x130, Transparency very good with a thin mist, seeing excellent, x130). Bright point (considerably brighter than its surroundings) was seen on the SE of the illuminated floor of Herodotus in white light. It was quite close to the crater rim. The spot had no colour. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1970 Nov 14 UT20:10 J.Coates (Burnley Astromical Society, 8.5" reflector, x102 and x204) saw a dirty green colour on the NW region of the crater, in patches, with a green area nearby. ALPO/BAA weight=1.