Aristarchus appeared dimmer than normal. This report has an ALPO/BAA weight of 1.
On 1882 Apr 11 at UT 21:00 Williams (England, 6.5" reflector) observed Plato at sunset (date Cameron gives is calculated from #229) and saw a curious phosphorescent glimmer in the crater where he had seen a luminous milky appearance before. at sunrise. The cameron 1978 catalog ID=230 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1978 Jan 02 at UT23:00? A.V. Arkihpov and A.R. Kharkov (USSR) observed in the terminator region (near Adams?) a flash enclosed by a fuzzy envelope (180x120 arc seconds in size). The TLP faded away over 30 seconds. Cameron says that this is the first example of many photographs that registered activity. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID= and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1963 Nov 10/11 at UT 23:35-00:32 Kopal (Pic du Midi, France, 24" refractor) observed a TLP in Copernicus. Cameron says that the date maybe a misprint, should be 11/1/63? - sunset terminator at 25W and Copernicus in dark. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=782 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1963 Nov 10/11 at UT 23:35-00:32 Kopal (Pic du Midi, France, 24" refractor) observed a TLP in Kepler. Cameron says that the date maybe a misprint, should be 11/1/63? - sunset terminator at 25W and Copernicus in dark. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=782 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1821 July 25 at UT 03:30 Gruithuisen (Munich, Germany) observed, near Aristarchus, some brilliant flashing spots on the Earthlit side of the Moon. These disappeared after a short while then re-appeared. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=90 and weight=4. The ALPo/BAA weight=3.
On 1963 Nov 11 at 23:30UT Jacobs (Flagstaff, AZ, USA, 24" refractor, seeing=very good) observed a reddish-orange colour in Aristarchus crater and a sparkle in some areas. The Cameron 1978 catalog weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3
On 1988 Apr 19 at UT 01:15-04:00 J. Horne (Steadman, NC, USA, 8" reflector, S=4/10) took photographs of the Moon's Earthshine (appeared in the Aug 1988 Sky and telescope magazine). Aristarchus was bright. In addition several members of the Madison Astronomical Society also found the crater to be bright and one of them saw streaks and flashes from the crater. Manske (8" reflector, x97, + binoculars, S=E) found the crater to be "abnornormally bright" where as other craters in Earthshine were just normal. Fryback's (Madison, WI, USA, 8" reflector, S=VG) photographs confirm that the crater was very bright - the Moon was only 4deg in altitude though. The Camweron 2006 catalog ID=325 and the weight="confirmed". the ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1788 May 08/09 at UT 20:00-01:00? Mechain (France) observed bright spots near Aristarchus. This was confirmed by Schroter and Bode (Lilienthal, Germany, 7" reflector and refractor). The Cameron 1978 catalog weight=5 and ID=46 & 47. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1990 Mar 29 at UT 19:00 L. Todd (England?) observed that Aristarchus in Earthshine was very clearly seen and appeared to blink occasionally. Foley (Kent, UK) also notcied variations in Aristarchus. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID = 396 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1988 Apr 20 at UT02:06-03:00 D. Fryback (Madison, WI, USA, 8" reflector, S=3-4) commented that Aristarchus crater looked like a "city from high above "glowing under a cloud". Spain (Fairfield, KY, USA, 8" reflector, S=VG) detected a streak and flashes but reports that the crater was not "glowing", though it was the brightest feature in the Earthshine, but Kepler and Copernicus were bright too. Aristarchus was brighter in shorter exposures than in longer exposures. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=326 and weight="confirmed". The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Harpalus 1969 May 19 UT 21:20-22:00 Observed by Marcomede Rangel Nunes and Julio Dias Nogueira (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 18" refractor). "Brightening in crater (inexperienced observers). (Apollo 10 watch)." NASA catalog weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1. NASA catalog ID #1126.
In 1865 Jan 01 at UT 18:00-18:30? Grover (England? or USA?, seeing = good and transparency = clear) observed south east of Plato at the foot of Mt Blanc a small bright spot like a magnitude 4 star - slightly out of focus. This bright speck remained unchanged for 30 minutes. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=137 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1969 May 20 at UT 19:35-20:30 Gomez (Spain, 12" reflector) observed blue-white pulsating light in Aristarchus that illuminated the inner walls - it was maximum at 19:55UT. This observation was made during the Apollo 10 watch. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1128 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1988 Apr 21 at UT 01:28-04:00 D. Fryback (Madison, WI, USA) took a series of photographs - Aristarchus was a luminous patch and in one photograph a red spot (Cameron suspects marks on the film). is seen near Aristarchus. Strangely though when looking through the telescope, the crater was not excessively bright. D. Spain (Fairdale, KY, USA, 3.5" reflector?, x60) observed a narrow white streak of mag 5-6 of duration 0.5 sec that covered 160-320km near the centre of the Moon at 01:53UT. A similar streak happened but the direction was different. Next 2 small red flashes were seen at 02:00 and 02:01UT of magnitude 7 (<1sec) in the vicinity of Aristarchus. The cameron 2006 catalog ID=327 and the weight=1.
On 1988 Apr 21 at UT 01:53 D. Spain (Fairdale, KY, USA, 3.5" reflector?, x60) observed a narrow white streak of mag 5-6 of duration 0.5 sec that covered 160-320km near the centre of the Moon at 01:53UT. A similar streak happened again but the direction was different. Next 2 small red flashes were seen at 02:00 and 02:01UT of magnitude 7 (<1sec) in the vicinity of Aristarchus. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=327 and the weight=1.
On 1969 May 20 at UT 21:00-22:00 Bury (France, 4" refractor) observed Aristarchus to be very bright, as an elliptical bluish spot at 21:00UT. This observation was made during the Apollo 10 watch. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1128 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1847 Dec 11 at 18:00UT Hdgson (Eversley, UK, x80 refractor and 40x reflector) observed in Plato (Though it might have been Cape Agassiz or Teneriffe Mts) a bright spot of about a 1/4 the angular diameter of Saturn that varied intermittently and was at all times visible on the night side of the Moon. The following day he glimpsed the same spot rhough clouds. From his drawing the spot was ~5' below the true N. point & near the following limb (IAU E. limb) Cameron comments that Plato fits the angular distance better than the other two candidates unless there was a large northern libration. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=125 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1969 May 20 at UT 21:10-22:30 Marcomede Rangel Nunes and Julio Dias Nogueira (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 18" refractor) Harpalus brighter than Bouguer - this was during the Apollo 10 watch and Cameron comments that the observers were inexperienced. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1129 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
1951 Apr 11 UT 02:39:30+/-15s L.T.Johnson (USA) observed a mag 7 flash S ofGrimaldi. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1968 May 02 at UT 01:20-02:14 Doughty (Red Bank, New Jersey, USA, 8" reflector, x120) observed a bright area in Aristarchus, surrounded by a faint glow. May have been atmospheric dispersion. Glow fainter at 01:56UT and imperceptible at 02:14UT. Kelsey and Ricker consider the observation abnormal. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1070 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1789 Mar 30 at UT 20:00? Schroter (Lillienthal, Germany) observed two flickering spots on the eastern edge of Grimaldi and near Riccioli. This was on the Earthlit side of the Moon. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= 57 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1789 Mar 30 at UT 20:00? Schroter (Lillienthal, Germany) observed two flickering spots near Riccioloi and on the eastern edge of Grimaldi. This was on the Earthlit side of the Moon. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=57 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1912 May 20 at UT 21:00 Franks (6" refractor) observed the Leibnitz Mountains? (South Pole area) to have a small red glowing area on the dark part of the Moon. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=338 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1969 May 21 at UT 20:00-21:00 Brandli and Germann (Switzerland, 6" refractor) observed a slow orange-red blinking on the surrounding area of Aristarchus. It was seen less markedly the next night. Wald (Zurich, Switzerland) noted at 20:30UT that the crater was pink (Confirmation says Cameron) - this was during the Apollo 10 watch. The cameron 1978 catalog ID=1131-1132 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
South Cusp 1969 Jul 19 UT 17:55-19:10 Observed by Dzapiashvili (Georgia, Soviet Union) "Saw an abnormally bright spot at end of S.cusp. Polariz. meas. at 8.3% at 1845-1847h (Apollo 11 watch?)" NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #1164.
On 1969 Jul 19 at UT 1845-18:47 Pruss and Witte (Bochum, Germany, 6" refractor x36 and binoculars) saw brightenings in the north west wall of Aristarchus for 3-7 seconds of about 1 magnitude over the background. From orbit at UT 18:46 the Apollo 11 crew Armstrong, Aldrin, and Collins (in orbit around the Moon and using the naked eye) were asked to take a look at Aristarchus after Earth-based reports of TLP activity. Armstrong reported (after the solar corona had set, on the night side) that probably Aristarchus "to be considerably more illuminated than the surrounding area. It just has - seem to have, a slight amount of flourescence to it". Collins reported a moment later: "Looking out on the same area now. Well at least there is one wall of the crater that seems to be more illuminated than the others. I am not sure that I am actually identifying any phosporesecence, but that definitely is lighter than anything else in the neighborhood". Houston then asked if the crew could detect any colour and if the inner wall was the inner or outer part? Aldrim commnted that it was the inner wall and Collins mentioned thatno colour was incolved. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1165 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Fracastorius 1973 Mar 09 UT ~19:57 Robinson (Devon, UK) saw a Moon Blink (colour) in this crater. This crater is long suspected of giving permanent blinks due to natural colour. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1969 Jul 19 at UT 19:30-21:30 Gervais (Lodure, France, 4.5" refractor?) saw the whole region of Aristarchus and its environs as brighter than normal. Two photographs were obtained. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1156 and weight=5. At UT 20:30-20:55 Oliver (Spain, using a reflector) found the Aristarchus to have brightened by about 1 magnitude. From UT 20:12-20:30 the crater had been normal. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1167 and the weight=2. At UT 21:00-00:35 P. Mourilhe Silva (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 19.5" refractor) saw Aristarchus as a very bright elliptical shape which extended to the north like a bridge between two points. Jose M. L. da Silva and Ronaldo Mourao (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 13" refractor) saw a brightening on the north west wall from 21:24-23:22UT intermittently but cont'd. Wall was extraordinarilly bright, along NW wall brighter. Moseley (Armagh, Northern Ireland, UK, 10" refractor) detected an unusual bright, along north west wall, brighter than normal in Earthshine and brighter than crater. It was not constant, but pulsated irregularly with frequency of 20 seconds and amplitude 0.75-1.0 magnitudes. No colour seen or obscuration though lokked for. Clouds interrupted observations. Vasquez (Valparaiso, Chile, 12" reflector) saw it as a very luminous point of magnitude 1. Wairy Cardoso (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 12" reflector and 18" refractor) noted a bright. 1s??? The Cameron catalog ID=1168 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Theophilus 1969 Jul 19 UT 19:30-21:30 Observed by Fox (Notts. England, 6.5" reflector) and Ringsdore (England, 15" reflector). Fox saw intermittent glow in Theoph. for > 2h (time not given). Ringsdore confirmed. (Apollo 11 watch)" Confirmed by Baum 21:00-21:20UT. NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID No. 1166. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1966 Sep 20 at UT 03:22 Three Astronet observers (Phoenix, AZ, and Los Angeles, CA, USA) (independently?) reported flashes in Grimaldi crater. One observer was in Phoenix AZ, and another in Losa Angeles, CA, so probably not due to the atmosphere. Cameron comments that the astronaut Schmidt on Apollo 17 saw a flash in it while orbiting the Moon. the Cameron 1978 catalog ID=977 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Mare Crisium 1826 Apr 12 UT 20:00 Observed by Emmett (England?) "Black moving haze or cloud". NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID 109. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
South Pole 2011 Apr 08 UT 19:30-20:00 A.Kemp (Mold, Flintshire, UK) observed that the Leibnitz peaks at the southern pole stood out sharply. However one of the peaks was “shining like a spot light. So bright that I couldn’t make out its shape”. – image clear and steady with excellent transparency and seeing in the 70mm f/13 refractor (25mm and 10mm eyepieces). Inspections during the above time period revealed no changes in brightness. Previous observations of this area had never shown such an unusual brightness, and Arthur likened the brightness to “a maximum brightness of Venus shining amongst 2nd magnitude stars”. The observer was an experienced observer. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Grimaldi 1969 Jul 19 UT 20:39-20:45 Delaye (France, 25cm refractor) saw a bright bluish spot near Grimaldi. 20:43 a flash was seen by Thinon. Delaye saw flashes at 20:44 and 20:45. Between 21:00 and 23:00 (J. M. L.) da Silva (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 19.5" refractor) saw a bright spot on the W (IAU??) of Grimaldi. However there is a bright spot near Grimaldi, so this maybe normal. NASA ID = 1167. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1975 Dec 08 at UT18:00-20:40 P.W. Foley (Wilmington, Kent, UK, 12" reflector, x60-x624, seeing II, slight mist) found Aristarchus to be less well visible than features such as: Grimaldi, Reiner, Darwin/Byrgius, Kepler, Plato and Sinus Iridum. Earthshine was exceptionally good tonight and was orange/red in colour. Photographs were taken and these confirmed the apparent dullness of Aristarchus. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1990 Mar 31 at UT 21:30 L. Jackson (England, UK?) observed a red glow in Earthshine in Gassendi as shown in a sketch. Apparently Gassendi can often show up red colours (according to Cameron) but rarely is this seen in Earthshine. Foley saw the sketch and suspects that the location was Gassendi. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=397 and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1992 Dec 29 at UT 17:42-17:54 A. Dollfus (Meudon, France, 1m aperture telescope used) detected evidence for a dust cloud using CCD polarimetry. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 1984 Jul 04 UT 22:08-23:09 Foley (12" reflector, Kent, UK) found that Censorinus gave a low brightness CED reading of 58%, despite all other measured points on the Moon as being normal. M. Cook (Frimley, UK) found Censorinus to be extremely dull compared to Proclus. J.D. Cook (Frimley, UK) found Censorinus to be quite dull, barely above background levels. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=246 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1984 Jul 04 at UT 22:05-23:09 Richardson (Swinton, Yorkshire, UK, seeing=VE) found that a peak west of Theophilus crater had a deep blue colour, and this was strange because no colour was seen elsewhere on the Moon. Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector), once alerted, found a dome east of Kant? to be blue, and likewise no colour was seen elsewhere on the Moon. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=246 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1984 Jul 04 UT 22:08-23:09 Foley (12" reflector, Kent, UK) found that Torricelli B was a much lower brightness than was expected and this remained the case for the rest of the lunation. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=246 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Theophilus 1969 Jul 20 UT 18:40 Observed by Delaye, Thinon, Donas, ? ourdan (Marseilles, France, 10" refractor x60) "Saw a flash on the c.p. of mag 1.0, duration 0.1s, no color. (meteor?) (Apollo 11 watch)". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1174.
On 1984 Jul 05 at UT 00:00-01:25 Marshall (Medelin, Columbia, seeing=II) observed that Censorinus was much less bright than Proclus (confirmed by CED readings). Cameron 2006 catalog ID=247 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1984 Jul 05 at UT 00:00-01:25 Marshall (Medelin, Columbia) found Proclus to be much brighter than Censorinus (which of the two was abnormal is a question) - though he thought that Censorinus looked dull. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=247 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1969 May22 at UT2045-2105 Wald (Zurich, Switzerland) observed the pinkish colour in Aristarchus was less marked tonight. The astronauts were alerted and at 22:12 reported no activity but could see the crater and Earthshine was strong near the terminator. Apollo 10 watch, spacecraft far from the terminator. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1134 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Atlas 1969 May 22 UT 21:20-21:40 Observed by Germann, Wild, Vieli (Zurich, Switzerland, 6" reflector) "Rim towards the sun was bright. Part of time was interrupted. (Apollo 10 watch)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1135.
On 1969 Jul 20 at UT 19:55-20:10 Delaye, Thinon, Donas, and Jourdran (Marseilles, France, 10" refractor, x60) saw between 19:55-20:04UT Aristarchus to be bright and in it pulsations with 10 sec duration. At 20:05UT it's spot brightened, at 20:08:50-20:35:50UT brightening and pulsations of variable duration. At 20:55:50UT just a feeble flash. Cameron comments that this is probably not atmpsheric effects as the period is too long - also it was during the Apollo 11 watch. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1175 and th weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Mare Crisium 1826 Apr 13 UT 20:00 Observed by Emmett (England?) "Black moving haze or cloud" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID = 109. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1992 Dec 30 at UT 17:36 A. Dollfus (Meudon, France, 1m aperture telescope used) detected evidence for a dust cloud using CCD polarimetry. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
Knopp of Paysandu, Uruguay on 1885 Feb 21 at 23:00-23:30? UT saw red patches in the crater. Reddish smoke or mist. The observer says several others had seen a star like point there that night. Cameron's 1978 catalog ID=348 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Triesnecker Rille 1912 May 23 UT 18:00? Observed by Gordeenko (Russia) "Change in shape from representation by Brenner and Krieger not accountable by lighting conditions" NASA catalog weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1. NASA catalog ID #339.
On 1987 Jun 04 at UT02:26-03:26 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, S=G and T=4) observed that Mons Piton was the brightest object on the Moon that he had ever noted before. Variations seen gave the mountain a "silvery" shine. The abnormal brightness was confirmed by another independent observer. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=302 and the weight=5. the ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Theophilus 1969 Jul 21 UT 19:30-21:45 and 21:00-22:00 Observed by Fox (Newark, England, 6.5" reflector,) and Baum (Chester, England, 4.5" refractor) (S=6, T=4) "At wall, adjacent to Cyrillus was a redish glow, then obscur. (Fox). Baum saw intermittant white-blue shimmering as if glowing thru dust glowing & upsurge in brightness on c.p. Gradually faded to normal at 21:20. 1st time ever seen by him tho. obs. since 1947. Image sharp, no haziness. (indep. confirm. of activity, but details differ, but same time, Apollo 11 watch)." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1180. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1991 May 21 at UT05:30-06:15 J. Green (Orangevale, CA, USA, 11" reflector) photgrapphed a broad bright band stretching east and north of Cassini crater in 3 exposures taken 10 minutes apart. This photographic sequence shows a gradual widening towards Cassini and by the 3rd exposure the band is touching (and then obscuring) Cassini. A "fan" was visible in the north east and WSW directions, later this was seen as rays and this was even seen in the view finder of the camera. Cameron comments that this might be lens flare but suspects that it would not have been seen in the view finder. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=427 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Messier 1968 May 05 UT 01:35-03:35 Observed by Delano (USA). No oclour noticed with Moon blink device, but Messier A's W. wall did brighten slightly over the 2 hours of observations compared to Messier's W wall. The ffect was less marked in the 2nd hour. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
North of Bessel 1969 May 1969 May 23 UT 22:54. Nelson Travnik (Observatorio Flammarion, located at 45.58W, 21.87S, f/15 10cm refractor, Kodak Tri-X, 1/15 sec exposure, sky conditions excellent). Dark spot photographed just north of Bessel - could be a photographic defect?. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1871 Nov 20 at UT 17:30-19:30 H. Pratt (UK) saw one of the most spectacular TLP obscurations that he had ever seen in Mare Frigoras. He observed a kind of haze around the north west (NE?) slopes of Plato. This effect was not seen elsewhere and all objects in Mare Frigoris were indistinct or veiled. By 18:30 the effect was modified and by 19:30 very little trace was seen. Ref. from Corliss.
Knopp of Paysandu, Uruguay on 1885 Feb 22 at 23:00-23:30? UT saw a definite light, looking like Saturn in Cassini?. The previous night he had seen red patches in the crater. Cameron's 1978 catalog ID=348 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1972 Jun 19 UT 21:40-22:30 Observed by S.A. Jones (Swansea, Wales, 12" reflector x150) and Moore (Selsey, England, 12.5" reflector x450) "Noted a bright area in the center. Moore noted nothing unusual & he tho't obs. saw one of permanent light patches" NASA catalog weight=0 (very low). NASA catalog ID # 1336. ALPO/BAA weight=1
Plato 1895 May 02 UT 20:45, 23:45 Observed by Brenner and Fauth (Germany?) "Streaks of light (Brenner) bright parallel bands in center Fauth (indep. confirmation?)." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #284. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1979 Dec 27 at UT 05:32 D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, 6" reflector x240, seeing=3-6/10 and T=4) noticed "2 small high-sun areas nr. Eimmart - brightening around Mare Crisium, except for interior of Proclus - in blue light. They were brighter than 2 spots on Cap. Agarum rated 8.5 & Proc. 9. Not as bright next night. Probably a real blue light brightening". Cameron 2006 catalog ID=79, location on Moon: (70E, 23N) and weight=4.
Plato 1887 Feb 01 UT 18:00 Observed by Elger (England) "Ill-defined shadow of peaks of W.border-in contrast to sharpness of mts. outside it. Never seen before. Such phenomena occur on floor, but never on ramparts. (Drawing)." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #254. ALPO/BAA catalog weight=1.
Theophilus 1978 Nov 08 UT 20:49-22:00 Observed by J.D. Cook (Frimley, 12" reflector, 6mm Ortho eyepiece, seeing III-IV) Orange discolouration seen on ESE crater floor. Moon blink tried, but no blink detected. By 21:10 the effect had lessened, but was still orange. By 21:50-21:58 the effect was smaller and perhaps more on the SE of the floor. Colour confirmed by Foley. Fitton may also have been observing. At 22:00 A.C. Cook observed and commented that a darkish, perhaps brown-orange colour seen - but suspected it was probably spurious colour - but by now the seeing was V. J.H. Robinson, whilst doing a Moon Blink sweep of several features, including Theophilus, had not noticed anything unusual 18:50-19:10. By 22:30-22:35UT, he still could not detect a blink, but noticed intermittent darkining on the shaded area on the E. floor, but seeing was now IV. The darkening was more noticeable in blue than red light. BAA Lunar Section observation. 2006 Cameron catalog ID #40 weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1972 Feb 23 at UT0010-0035 Fornarucci (Garfield, NJ, USA, 6" reflector, x250, seeing=fair and transparency=3.5). Shading usually visible west of it was not seen. Cameon comments that the albedo must have been at 5, where normally it is 4.5 and the nearby plain is 5). Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1322 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1932 Apr 15 UT 06:57 Observed by A.V. Goddard & friend (Portland, Oregon, USA, 16" telescope, S=G steady) "Sudden appearance of a white spot like a cloud of steam (in appearance only), and in less than a minute it had spread in a NW direction, until it almost reached the rim of the crater" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #403. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1980 Jan 26 at UT21:35-22:25 Blair (Refrewshire, Scotland, 10" reflector, 83-276x, seeing=III-IV and transparency poor) discovered a bright spot on the north rim and through filters it "flashed" green, red and blue. Clouds interupted observing, but when they cleared the effect was still present. Other craters did not show this effect. Cameron catalog ID=83 and weight=4.
On 1993 Jan 02 at UT 17:42 A. Dollfus (Meudon, France, 1m aperture telescope used) detected evidence for a dust cloud in Langrenous crater using CCD polarimetry. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
Plato 1964 Nov 14 UT 01:00? Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4" refractor?) "Peak on E. wall brilliant white, strong blue band at inner base; on S. wall was a small, bright red spot." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #864.
On 1990 Apr 04 at UT 21:30-21:50 B. LeFranc (France?) reported observing a white flame effect in Copernicus crater (sketch made) - though Foley comments that the actual location was east of the crater. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=398 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1968 May 07 at UT 03:00-03:40 Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 8" reflector) observed Messier and Messier A and noted the following: "The ray-tail halo (in N. ray) showed a possible enhancement in blue filter at 1st obs. per. but not seen at 0330. Later enhancement was indicated in red filter but not apparent at 0600h. The red enhancement is very unsual; but has been suspected on a few previous occasions. Not seen vis. (confirm. of Jean?)" The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Posidonius 1970 Apr 15 UT 21:05-22:10 Observed by Wanderley Nazareth (Sao Paulo, Brazil, reflector) "Intermittant pulsation. Drawing 20S interval for pulsations. (too long for atmospheric aberration? Apollo 13 watch)." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1254. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
La Hire 1887 Feb 02 UTC 20:00? Observed by Klein (Cologne, Germany, 6" refractor) "Intense yellow streak that cast shadows around neighboring features". NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #255.
Near and on Plato 1970 Apr 15 UT 21:45-22:04 Observed by da Silva (Sao Paulo, Brazil, 10" & 20" refractors) "Crater chain W. of Plato -- 3rd crater W. (Plato Y) was brighter than surroundings. Lozenge on W. wall (landslip?) was darker than inner wall. Bright part of wall was yellowish-white. da Silva reports this as neg. (normal aspects) obs (Apollo 13 watch probably normal as Y is a bright halo crater)." NASA catalog weight=0. NASA catalog ID #1255. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Tycho 1970- Apr 15 UTC 22:00-23:00 Observer: Nelson Travnik (Matias Barbosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 4" refractor, x250 & x400, seeing excellent, Wratten 15 and 23 filters used) "Slightly pulsating white glow on W. (IAU?) wall's external slope (Apollo 13 watch). NASA catalog ID #1256, NASA weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Alphonsus 1969 Jul 24 UT 01:00-02:35 Observed by Fournier (Lowell, 6" reflector x158) and Dillon (Massachuchusets, USA) "Fournier saw obscur. & red in crater. 1 of the dark halos (NE) was very difficult to detect -- seemed to be a whitish mist. Detail best seen in blue & green filters. Dillon found halo much lighter than usual, with sharp boundary washed out. Halo was darker thru blue filter, indicating red when it's normally bluisg-green. Next nite it was normal. Worsening weather stopped obs. (confirmation. Apollo 11 watch)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #1185.
Archimedes 1971 Aug 01 UT 22:00(?) (19:00 originally given probably local time) Miranda (Plaui, Brazil, 4" refractor, x80) observed two grooves going from east to west, broadening towards the west, across Archimedes. A drawing was supplied. Apparently this was the first time that this was ever seen. Cameron suggests rays? and also says that in fact a similar phenomenon reported before in neasrly the same position (Apollo 15 watch?). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1303 and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1994 Apr 21 at UT 06:00 W, Cameron (Sedona, USA) detected a reddiah colour on Pronontorium Laplace, This is TLP event No. 9 in the ALPO Clementine LTP program Nov 1994. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Proclus 1989 Jul 13 UT 21:04-21:13 Observed by M.Cook (Frimley, UK, 90mm Quastar Cat., Seeing III, transoparency hazy) and by Moore (Selsey, England) "Following an alert call by Miles concerning the crater Proclus looking different, Cook observed a circular dark patch that filled about half of the eastern half of the crater floor. To cut down the glare a blue filter was then used and a slightly less dark area was seen extending from this in a southerly direction. 8 rays were seen. The dark patch was confirmed by Patrick Moore. However David Darling (USA) who observed a few hours later on 1989 Jul 14 at 03:28 UT could not see this dark patch." BAA Lunar Section observation. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=370 and weight=?. The ALPO/BAA weight=2
Scarcely a trace of nebulae tonight. As long as to June 10 at 2000UT? A little blackness remained. (P. Moore thinks it was a LTP, WSC it was a permanent feature?) Drawing. Seen by Nevelius Emmett, J. Boroughbridge, England. The 2006 Extension catalog by Cameron assigns an ID No. of 4 and a weight of 1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1983 Jul 20 at UT 18:50-22:40 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12"reflector, seeing II-III) noted that the south wall of Plato at the 11 o'clock position, at the location of a cleft, was fuzzy on either side of the cleft. There was also a deep red colour along the cleft and the outside wall. The colour had gone by 22:40 though. All other parts of the rim of Plato were clear and distinct. M. Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing III) sketched some obscurations at 22:03UT. At 22:08UT the red colour reduced to a red line and vanished by 22:37. The south wall obscuration varied in size and there was a possible obscuration at the 7 o'clock position. J. Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing II-III) confirmed Foley's and M.Cook's observations. Detail inside the crater was sharp, but colour oppoiste to what is usual. Price (Camberley, UK, seeing IV-V) a few km away had atmospheric ripples affecting his observations. At 21:36UT G. North described the south wall as odd in appearance and the terrain south of this was lacking in detail - this was odd because elsewhere Plato was nice and sharp. At 21:45UT though the north section of the crater was a hazy red. The cameron 206 catalog ID=224 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Posidonius 1952 Jul 03 UT 19:13-19:27 Observed by Dzaplashvili, Ksanforalif, Negrelishvili (Georgia, Soviet Union, 13" reflector, polarimeter, S=clear) "Making polariz. mess. of it. Aristotles. Eudoxus. & Aristillus. only Pos. gave higher rdgs. & oscillated while others gave repeatedly same results. 40 other times Pos. was normal. Never had seen such behavior Table gives deflections. Obs. repeated 2X Obs. from 1843-1947h." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #552. ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 1976 Apr 10 at 21:15-21:49UT S.Spencer (60mm refractor x60, seeing quite good) noticed a faint red glow at the south west wall of Gassendi covering a span of about 35 deg arc. The observer had some doubts about this because they were using a small telescope, but thought that they ought to report it, just in case. A BAA Lunar Section report. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1985 May 30 at UT 20:10-23:54 P.Moore (Selsey, UK, 15" reflector) and at the same time Doherty (Sussex, UK, 15" reflector) observed a strangely bright and pink/red north rim of Aristarchus crater during UT20:20 and 20:36UT. The effect reduced between ~20:39 and 20:44UT. M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK) found the northern wall to have a red/purple colour but the effect vanished after 50 minutes. Cook also saw a "V"- like notch in the NW crater shadow and this appeared to be bigger than normal. G. North (Sussex, UK) saw a tinge of pink colour on the northern rim and a bit later a "ruby red" colour on the north-west wall - again this effect lasted 50 minutes. Moseley verified the colour. Finally M. Hather (Yorkshire, UK) suspected the north wall of Aristarchus to be blue in colour. Cameron suspects that this TLP is not spurious colour because it is in the wrong place. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=276 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1985 May 30 P.Madej (Huddersfield, UK, 77mm refractor, x111 and x250, seeing II-III, transparency good) whole spectrum of colours seen on the central peak area, visible in both eyepieces, and was more prominent at the higher magnification. Not aware if the observer checked for this effects on other terminator peaks? xALPO/BAA weight =1.
On 2013 Apr 22 UT 01:39-02:37 P. Zeller (Indianapollis, USA, 10" f/4 reflector, x200, seeing 6, Transparency 3 - scattered cirrus) observed visually (depicted in sketch) the two closely spaced NW wall dark bands) to have a rusty-red hue. The colour of these bands did not change over the period of the observing session. Images were taken, but resolution and image S/N is not sufficient to resolve separate bands here, or to detect colour. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1975 Dec 14/15 UT 17:05-00:30 Observed by Foley (Dartford, England, 12" reflector, S=II) and Moore (Sussex, UK, 15" reflector x250 S=IV) and Argent and Brumder (Sussex, UK). In early sunrise conditions, W. wall was less brilliant than usual -- matched only by Sharp, Bianchini, & Marian. Extraordinary detail could be seen on this wall. Also noted intense & distinctly blue color entire length of W. wall. 3 others corroborated detail, but not color. Moore found things normal & saw Aris. brightest at 2030-2125h tho Argent & Brumder made it < Proclus" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catlog ID #1422. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1981 Aug 11 at UT21:05-21:36 G. North (England, seeing=poor) detected, in green light, a darkening on the floor of Plato. This effect was not seen elsewhere. J-H Robinson (Teighmouth, Devon, UK) detected on the SSE rim (inner and beyond) a triangle that appeared hazy in a wide range of filters at 21:05UT. However at 21:36UT it was only hazy in green and blue light. No similar effect was seen elsewhere. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=150 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Torricelli B 1995 Apr 11 UTC 20:15 Observed by North (UK). "Colour moonblink reaction, and crater dull". BAA Lunar Section report. ALP\BAA weight=3.
On 1978 Oct 23 observing period: UT22:00-22:40 A.C. Cook (Frimley, Surrey, UK, 6" reflector, x144, 6mm Ortho eyepiece, seeing IV, red and blue filters used) saw at 22:10 a secctor on thwe western floor to be mainly bright in the red. The surface was bumpy here. The observer at the time commented that this was probably not a TLP, but no precise explanation given. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2017 Feb 08 UT 01:45 A.Martini Jr (10" Schmidt-Cassegrain with ASI 120 MC camera +IR filter, Gain 40, Gamma 36, exposure 0.003 sec) saw on a computer monitor screen a flash to far to the west of Herodotus and Aristarchus at the location 54.53W, 23.5N. It had a duration of 0.5 sec and on a brightness scale of 0 = night side of the Moon to 10 = Aristarchus, ranked 7. Unfortunately they were not recording at the time. As there was no confirmation observation and it could be a cosmic ray air shower detection, the ALPO/BAA weight=1
In 1934 Feb 25 at UT 18:30 Rawstron (USA?, 4" refractor, x250, S=6/12) observed in Pico B: "A large patch of haze appeared & drifted off across the mare in same direction as haze from Pico (white patch). It was obs. on 20 other occasions. Drawing". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= 410 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1989 Jul 15 UT 02:00-04:20 Observed by Manske, Weier, Curtis, Keyes, Yanna, Norman, Knutson, Sullivan, Eichman and Radi (Carl Fosmark Jr. Memorial Observatory, Madison, WI, USA, SCT C11) "Manske initially observed a reddish tinge on the SE rim of Aristarchus. The colour was present in different eyepieces. Two other pinkish tinge areas were seen on the SE and NE rims. 4 of the observers did not see colour. Independent confirmation was made by Don Spain (KY) and Smith in LA. Full details can be found on the following web site: http://www.ltpresearch.org/ltpreports/LTP19890715.htm " An ALPO report.
In 1950 Aug 25 at UT 10:55 T.Saheki (Osaka, Japan) observed a stationary yellow-white flash on the Moon of duration 0.2 sec and mag 6.5. Cameron suggests that this was a meteor. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=536 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1965 Nov 06 UTC 03:20-03:50, 05:50 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3" refractor x300, S=6, T=5) "Strong blue-viol. glare on E. & NE wall; dark viol. hue in nimbus. (absent at 0320-0350. Listed as 11/8/55 in both ref. 210 & MBMW, but should be 1965). NASA catalog weight=4, NASA catalog ID #911.
On 1985 May 31 at UT 20:23-22:00 G. North (Sussex, UK, turbulent seeing) found Torricelli B at 20:23 to be mauve in colour and to be very bright. However the colul had gone by 20:29UT. "Varied in albedo 2s then image blurred at 5-10s (atm) at 2034 became pink). At 21:35UT M. Mobberley (Suffolk, UK) found a white patch in the crater centre and a mag 8 flash was seen (confirmed independently by a 2nd observer ~ 113km away)- there was no shadow. At UT 20:30 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12"reflector, seeing excellent) found no colour, but the brightness was changiong and he confirmed the bright patch on the crater's floor, variable 22:15-22:25UT, "then expanded over rim". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=277 and weight=5. the ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1788 May 17 at UT 21:00 Schroter (Lilleanthal, Germany, 210x reflector) observed small depression, 1, near Aristarchus to be a bright spot, similar to Cameron 1978 catalog ID report #45. The Cameron catalog ID=48 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
NE of Philolaus 1948 May 20 UT 22:00-22:15 Observed by Baum (Chester, UK, 4.5" refractor) A distinct reddish tint suddenly appeared to the NE of the crater, and persisted for 15 min, before rapidly fading away. NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #505. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
In 1962 Dec 09 at UT 07:36 Wildey and Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector) observed that Oceanus Procellarum was 1.13 magnitudes brighter than normal. Observation at sunrise and is abnormal if area measured was mare. If it were an east facing wall it would be normal. The Cameron 1978 catalog weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
In 1962 Dec 09 at UT 07:42 Wildey and Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector) observed that Aristarchus was 0.80 magnitudes (x2) fainter than average for this age (photometric measurement) Vmag=3.80, average= 3.0. The Cameron 1978 catalog weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1992 Feb 16 at UT 01:05-01:35 P. Moore (Selsey, UK, 12.5" reflector, seeing=III) found the north rim area to be both very bright and misty - though he did not think it to be a TLP but wanted it to be recorded, just in case. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=440 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus-Herodotus 1970 Apr 18 UT 20:14 Observed by MacKenzie (UK,2.5" refractor x45, seeing Antoniadi I) "Fairly strong blink in a spot 1/2 way between the 2 craters. Drawing (Apollo 13 watch). NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #1257. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Torricelli B 2002 Oct 18 UTC 20:56-21:59 Observer: G.North (UK, 8" reflector, x134, Seeing Antoniadi IV, Transparency good) - thought that Torricelli B was perhaps a little brighter than expected, especially when compared to Moltke and Censorinus based upon past recollection of relative brightnesses at this colongitude). Slight bluish tint seen as well. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1981 Oct 11 at UT 00:05-02:00 B.Hobdell (St Petersberg, FL, USA, 4" refractor, S=3 and T=5) observed a brightening on the floor of Plato. 4 bright spots appeared and vanished and there was a fith one in the centre that was very bright at times. At UT 00:14 the central spot became bright then was "followed by a haze permeating entire floor, heaviest in the northern quadrant. Came from 2 S peaks or white spots, shaped like a boomerang extending to presumed c.p. (c.c ?). White flashed at 0052 from it cloud changed shape - spread N. At 0136 brightening from c.c. area 0419 dissipated. All white spots seen at 0200. Its outer flanks seen clearly the whole time". The above is quoted from the Cameron 2006 catalog ID=155 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1975 Apr 23 at UT 20:30 J-H Robinson (Teighmouth, Devon, UK, 260mm reflector, x200). Observer was observing since 20:30UT, at 21:00UT though they noticed red on the outside south wall of Aristarchus, a hazy ill defined area that was larger in a red filter than in blue filter, and outside east wall was bright in red. At 21:08UT the outside west wall of Aristarchus no longer gave a colour blink reaction, and at 21:22UT the colour blink on the southern end of the crater ceased, but the image blur remained (in both red and blue filters) despite the rest of the crater being sharp in detail. Observations ceased at UT 21:35 because the blurring at the southern end seemed to be normal and this was confirmed when checked with photographic atlases. Other craters such as Proclus, Pickering, Tycho, Gassendi, Copernicus, Alphonsus, Plato, Menelaus, Manilius, Linne and Theophilus, showed no colour blink reactions. However Picard had a red bright blink from 20:30-20:40 and the permanant blink on the N. Floor of Fracastorius was detectable. Also Plato floor shadings were clearer in red than in blue - intermittently. This is a BAA lunar section observation. No estimation of transparency or seeing is given, nor any comment on whether spurious colour was seen in any craters visually. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1789 Jan 10 at UT 00:00 Seyffer (Germany) observed "a lunar volcano". Cameron comments that this must have been bright as it was near full Moon. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=56 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Marius 1881 Jan 13 UTC 20:00? Observed by Williams (England?, 5.5" reflector) "Speck of light in crater". NASA catalog weight= 3 and catalog ID #220. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Vieta 1923 Sep 23 UTC 19:00? Observed by Cernov (Russia, 2 refractors? x94?) "Both dark spots merged together even with 94x magnification. (due to libration &/or seeing?)" NASA catalog weight=1 (low). NASA catalog ID #389.
Aristarchus 1966 Jun 02 UTC 04:06-04:20 Observed by Jaeger (Hammond, Indianna, 6" reflector) "Brownish-yellow edge on ? rim. 2 other obs. this site saw nothing unusual." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #945.
Lichtenberg 1966 Jun 02 UTC 03:05-03:35 Observed by Schneller (Cleveland, Ohio, 8" reflector, slit spectrascope) "Red glow on W. wall (Schnller thinks this is "normal" reddening at SR; however, these vary according to Ricker), (This rep't is the only positive one from alert sent out to observe for J.Green's tidal predictions, See list of neg. obs.)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #944
On 1994 Apr 24 UT08:15 A.T. Brakel (ACT, Australia) noticed that Mare Frigoris appeared darker than the day before. This was during a Clementine watch. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Gassendi 1972 Feb 27 UT 23:15-00:10 Observed by A.Kemp (Cheshire, UK, 8.5" reflector x286) "Suspicion of blink between Gass. c.p. & Gass A. Clouds prevented confirm. Hedley-Robinson didn't see anything unusual earlier (20:00-20:20)." Note that the duration of the event, or indeed precise UT at which it was seen is not given. NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID #1324. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1985 Sep 27 at UT 20:55 M. Mobberley (Suffolk, UK) found that the brightness of Torricelli B varied and starlike points seen in the crater. There is no Cameron 2006 catalog entry for this TLP report. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Proclus 1973 Jan 17 UTC 21:35 Observed by Coates and Neville (both in England, 8" reflector x240) "Walls brilliant, dull white spot seen just S. of center of floor. Not nearly as bright as walls." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalogue ID #1359.
Aristarchus 1972 Jun 25 UTC 22:42-22:51 Observed by Quindeau (8deg 35' E, 51deg 25' N, 60mm refractor) "Bright point at NE wall of crater". Ref: Hilbrecht & Kuveler, Earth Moon & Planets, Vol 30, pp53-61 (1984).
Aristarchus 1959 Mar 24 UT 02:24-02:35 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4" reflector x180, S=3, T=5) "Strong blue & blue-viol. gl. on E.wall, EWBS, SWBS with intermittent display. At this time he noted in his 5-in L a total disappearance of viol. gl. & reappear. 1 min. later. Altogether, found 4 such occurences in his records, in '54, '57, ' & '59."NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #716. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1984 ??? ?? at UT11:00-12:00 Jean Nicolini (Campinas, Brazil) saw a daylight TLP in Aristarchus crater. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1977 Mar 04 at UT 20:55-21:18 JH Robinson (Teighmouth, Devon, UK, 26cm reflector, x200, Wratten 25 and 44a filters, seeing steady, transparency varies from fair to very poor and cloud eventually halted observations). Copernicus was very indistinct. All other features examined were normal. This is a BAA Lunar Section observation. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1977 Mar 04 at UT 20:55-21:18 JH Robinson (Teighmouth, Devon, UK, 26cm reflector, x200, Wratten 25 and 44a filters, seeing steady, transparency varies from fair to very poor and cloud eventually halted observations). The floor of Fracastorius is significantly brighter in a red filter than in a blue filter. This is a BAA Lunar Section observation. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1985 Sep 28 UTC 20:54-23:52 P.W. Foley (Suffolk, UK) found (actually before 20:54 UT) brightness variance in Torricelli B. J.D. Cook (Frimley, UK) observed a brief blue coloured patch somewhere in the Torricelli B region, but could not pin it down precisely. At 22:50UT M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK, 30cm reflector, seeing III - occasionally V, transparency moderate to good) Found the crater to have an elongated appearance (in SSW-NNE direction) in white light, similar to the previous night. A bright elongated spot was seen on the NNE floor, close to where the wall should be. Not able to define the rim. There was a very dark surrounding area to the crater, similar to what it was on the previous night (roughly 1/4 brightness of Censorinus). 23:04UT brighter in yellow, then red, then blue. At 23:10 it was seen that blue filter dulled the crater - this was odd because both Censorinus and Proclus were brighter in blue, which is what he would normally expect. At23:15 UT Censorinus was brighter in blue, then yellow then red filters and some orange spurious colour seen to the south of Censorinus. At 23:23UT no spurious colour seen on Proclus or Censorinus. 23:46UT Torricelli B elongated as before, but a very faint ray might have been seen to the south west of the rim. This report is not in the 2006 Cameron catalog. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1959 Mar 24 UT 04:35-05:15 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4" reflector x180, S=3, T=5) "Strong blue & blue-viol. gl. on E.wall, EWBS, SWBS with intermittent display. At this time he noted in his 5-in L a total disappearance of viol. gl. & reappear. 1 min. later. Altogether, found 4 such occurences in his records, in '54, '57, ' & '59." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #716. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1938 Jan 16 at UT 00:00 Barker (Chestnut, England, UK, 12.5" reflector) noticed that Plato crater had a brownish-gold veined surface, colour irregular - laid on a smooth floor. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=430 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1994 Apr 25 at UT11:08 B. Soulsby (Australia) found a darkening on the north floor of Copernicus crater. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1980 Sep 24 at UT21:34 J-J. Robinson (Teighmouth, Devon, UK, 10" reflector, x200, seeing=III) found, using a Moon Blink device, that Fracastorius blinked on the northern side in the red filter. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=110 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1980 Sep 24 at UT 21:13-23:50 P.Moore (Selsey, UK) at 22:45 saw loss of detail in the north west wall, especially in red light, but also slightly in blue light too. By 22:48 there was activity on the crater floor i.e. the four bright spots were visible in white light but not in red. In blue the central spot was seen and there were dark radial streaks to the south wall and south east. At 22:50 there was a loss of detail. Other craters were normal. At 23:08 the floor was dark in red, but some details were visible in blue. the effect had finished by 23:35. At21:34 J-H Robinson found Plato to be normal and no blinks, though floor clearer in red than in blue, however the floor detail had gone by 21:57. Blair suspected a dusty patch in north of Plato, especially in red light. at 21:57 and it started spreading at 21:13, then east at 21:15 and then north. Though it faded at 21:25 but was back again at 21:35, and Moon blink colour filters still gave a reaction at 21:50 - the TLP remained strong until 23:50UT. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=110 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1981 Dec 12 at UT 00:31 P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK) saw some flashes between Plato and Mons Pico. The cameron 2006 catalog ID=160 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1921 Nov 15? UT 20:00? Observed by Chernov (Russia, 2" refractor x94) "Temporary increase in brightness of the light band at bottom noted close to FM. Crater actively noted in Oct. 10." NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #384.
Aristarchus 1966 Oct 30 UTC 01:32-01:48 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector x79, x142, x194, S=5, T=3) "S.region of floor granulated & 6 deg bright light brownish tone; rest of crater 8deg bright white". NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #992.
Plato 1869 Aug 23/24? UTC 23:00-01:00? Observed by Gledhill? (Halifax, England, 9" refractor) Group I of craterlets (as designated by several famous obs. before) exhibited notable illumination, accompanied by a single light on a distinct spot. (if obs. similar to Ap 1870 obs. then date =Au 23-24). NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #162.
On 1977 Oct 28 UT 19:25 V.M. Chernov (Soviet Union) observed that Copernicus was brighter than normal i.e. brighter than Kepler but less bright than Aristarchus. In January and February 1977 both Copernicus and Kepler were of the same brightness. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1975 Dec ?? at 19:00UT P.W.Foley (Kent, UK), and possibly P. Moore? (Selsey, UK) - unusual events were reported which might have been due to minor structral changes. Albedo=76% (=7.6?). Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1425 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1975 Dec 19 UT 22:45 Observed by Foley (Kent, England) "Suspected anomaly in it", NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1424.
On 1975 Dec 19 at UT22:45 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK) suspected an anomaly in Aristarchus. Cameron 1978 catalog weight=1424 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
In 1942 Feb 02 at UT 18:20-19:15 Y.W.I. Fisher (Brussels, Belgium) a whitish glow near the Earthlit limb, near to Kepler (37W, 7N). The duration of the event was 55 min. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=488 and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1. Ref. p220-221 IAU Symposium No. 14 - The Moon.
Plato - Hibbard (Orlando, FL, USA, 2.5 inch refractor, NASA catalog quotes: "Whole crater had a bluish tinge, (photos obtained but out-of-focus -- chrom. aberr?" - NASA catalog weight=1, NASA catalog ID 903. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus (Bartlett, 1965 Oct 12 UTC 02:15-20:25, 5 inch reflector x280) - NASA catalog quotes "Nimbus was only a dark violet hue". NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #904. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1986 Apr 26 at UT 21:00 etimated) H. Miles (Cornwall?, UK) found that Aristarchus was "still brighter in moments of better seeing". The rim could be seen as a complete circle. The Cameron catalog ID=283 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Messier A 1951 Aug 20 UT 01:48-03:00 Observed by P.Moore (England, 8.5" reflector, x350). Bright cloud like circular patch seen on S wall of Messier A. It was the brightest object in the vicinity. Observations ceased due to the Moon setting behind a tree. W.Haas thinks that this effect is not unusual at similar colongitudes. Moore checked again under similar illumination and still considers the Aug 20 appearance abnormal. NASA weight=4. NASA catalog ID #545. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1993 Dec 31 at UT 05:00-07:40 S. Beaumont (Cambridge, UK, 12" reflector) "saw a patch of hazy light to NW (from c.p. alpha) at 0550 craters B & J shadow of alpha had not reached E wall yet, but at 0536 it did. Alpha > at 0550. Craters B & J to SE had faded, vanished at 0630. Hazy patch remained around peak, alpha low mainly to NE like a comet's tail. Slightly reddish fringe to E wall. (shown in sketch)". The above has been quoted in full from the Cmeron catalog because the catalog desription is slightly ambiguous and any attempted summary might make the description more unreliable. The cameron 2006 catalog ID=470 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Torricelli B 2002 Oct 23/24 UT 23:25-23:52 Observed by Clive Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60 mm OG x120 + prism) "Observed that Torricelli was very diffuse and Tor B showing shadow ? observer considered a shadow perhaps a little surprising this far from the terminator. Nothing unusual seen by M.Cook at 23:52UT or by A Cook at 00:40-00:52 and indeed other craters did appear to have shadows this far from the terminator ? so perhaps only unusual aspect of the original observation that could not be checked due to poor seeing by the latter observer was the fuzziness. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1973 Jan 21/22 UTC 23:57-00:25 Observed by Muller (located at 51.42N 8.75E) "Proclus much brighter than Cenorinus" 50mm refractor used. Ref Hilbrecht & Kuveler (1984) Moon and Planets Vol 30 p53-61.
On 1979 Sep 09 at UT08:00-08:15 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x75 and photography used, seeing 4/10 and the Moon's altitude was 45deg) photographed Romer crater and recorded two adjacent bright cigar shaped objects - these were the same size as an observation made in 1987. Darling believes that these are ridges. Cameron comments that in LO-IV 192-3,2 a ridge is revealed on the inside wall that matches the description. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=66 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1877 Jul 29 UTC 02:00?-02:30 Observed by Gray (England?) "S. of crater a bright streak that disappeared at 0230" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #196.
In 1937 Apr 29 at UT 09:30 Firsoff (Glastonbury, UK, 6" reflector and filters) observed a slight greenish colour (Cameron says colour of ground? no TLP?). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=420 and Weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
1964 Jul 29 UT 05:40-06:06 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA) "Nimbus only -- dark viol. hue. S.floor granulated, dull -- 6 bright. Faint yellow-brown tinge. Rest of crater 8." S=6, T=3- 2. NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #838. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1964 Jul 31 UT 02:00-02:23 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector x180) "Deep ravine on E.glacis interrupted midway of its length by apparent break just below rim of craterlet assoc. with EWBS. Normally, ravine is seen continuous. Probable obscuration at pt, of break." S=7, T=5. NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #834. ALPO/BAA weight=2.