Observed by Dachille & daughter (Univ. Park, Pennsylvania, 10.5" reflector, x75) "Flash -- then a brownish - red color patch. Alt. @ 20deg. (MBMW has Oct. 12, but is 13th UT)". NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #674.
On 1904 Aug 01 at 05:00? Pickering (Echo Mt., CA, USA) UT Plato: "Bright hazy obj., 2" diam. on floor, Obs before & after were normal". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=318 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1957 Oct 13 UT 07:00?$ W.Haas, according to the 1978 NASA Catalog is supposed to have seen a bright spot of light -- "explosion" in this crater. Confirmation of activity in Aristarchus - Three independent observations within 4 hours. Cameron 1978 catalog weight=5 and TLP ID No.=676. Private comunication with Haas shows that he recorded nothing unusual on the 12th or 13th. Therefore an ALPO/BAA weight of 1 has been given until this matter is cleared up.
Messier A 1951 Oct 20 UT 00:00? Observed by Moore (England) "Brilliant white circular patch in it. has seen it & Messier blurred several times." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #545 Note that the date and time given are probably wrong as the Sun is ~7deg below the local horizon at this time. ALPO/BAA weight=1 to reflect this error.
Callipus 1952 Sep 09 UT 21:00-21:20 Observed by Moore (England) "Hazy broad line of light seen fr. NW wall to SE wall over shad. floor. Gone next nite at 0120. He gave low wt. to obs. (sunlight between peaks?)." NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID #553. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Stochard of Dublin, Ireland, saw naked eye at 10:30UT on 1862 Nov 12 Aristarchus as extraordinarily bright as a bright spot on the Moon. This was seen in daylight with the waning crescent. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=6 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Kepler 1966 DEc 04 UTC 05:10 Observed by de Beraud (Flossmoore, Ilinois, USA, 6" reflector, x360, S=G) "Saw a bright area thru. blue filter but could not see it in red filter. Decided it was a bluish phenomenon." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1001.
On 1983 Jan 05 at UT22:00 P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK) noticed some colour on Aristarchus. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=195 and the weight= 2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Daniell 1979 Apr 02 UT 21:45-22:14 Obseved by Madej (Huddersfield, UK, 158mm reflector, f/4.2, x36-110, seeing II-III) "Obscuration seen" BAA Lunar Section Report. Cameron says that this was a bright white cloud that covered three quarters of the crater. A yellow filter was used at 21:48, but the cloud was still white, albeit thinner (at x110). By 22:14UT the TLP was barely visible and again no colour seen. Buczynski (Lancaster, UK, seeing = poor) saw spurious colour. Later (22:31- 22:46UT?) Mellor obtained some photos, but these revealed no colour. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=48 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Jan 19 at UT 18:00-19:00 G. Amery (Reading, UK) discovered that Aristarchus could not be seen in Earthshine, this was odd because less prominent features could be seen. Other observers (Moore and Foley) confirmed the very low brightness of the crater. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=197 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Jan 19 at UT 18:00-19:00 G.W. Amery (Reading, UK) found that Messier was difficult to define. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=197 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
In 2005Apr14 at UT18:32.5 +/-2.5 min A.Brosio (Rosarno (Reggio Calabria, Italy, Latitude: 38d 29' N, Longitude: 15d 58'E, 152mm reflector, x75) observed a small square form in Earthshine near Archimedes. This is a UAI observation.
1968 Apr 04 UT 18:45-19:20 Observed by Darnella (Copenhagen, Denmark, 6" refractor, x183) "Small area just E(ast.) of Menelaus was seen with a reddish color which gradually faded. Area was as large as Menelaus & had just come into sunlight. The dome just W.(IAU) of Menelaus?)." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1065. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Madler 1971 Mar 03 UT 21:30-21:45 J Andrews (Christchurch, UK, 8.5" reflector, x240, seeing I) observed a red fan shaped area to the south of Madler - it covered part pf the mountainous area to the south. The colour started fading at 21:45UT and had gone within 5 minutes. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Near Theophilus - south of Madler - 1971 Mar 03 UT 21:30-21:35, 21:47 Observed by Hedley-Robinson (England, 3.75" refractor, x164, S=G, steady haze) "Reddening in a fan form on bright area of that formation, but red did not extend fully over it. Blink patrol started at 2005h but no red till 2130h. Definte blink at 2147h" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1287.
On 2000 Feb 11 at UT19:00 G. North (Norfolk, UK) telephoned TLP coordinator, Patrick Moore, to report a possible colour anomaly in Aristarchus. Moore had poor conditions in Selsey (UK) and saw nothing unusual. However by this time North was reporting that, the colour was fading. Two other BAA members were alerted, but were clouded out. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1964 Jul 16 at 03:55-04:10UT Cragg (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 6" reflector, x180, seeing 7, transparency 6) observed a pseudo hill (700m high) some 3 km in diameter and casting a shadow, south east of Ross D. The Cameron 1978 catalog TLP ID=830 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Webb (England, using a fluid achromat) saw brilliant minute spots and streaks in Mare Crisium dotting its surface. This was seen near first quarter. Cameron states that Schroter, Betr?, Madler, Slack and Ingall had all seen it this way at times. Cameron 1978 catalog iD=111 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Mons Piton 1843 Jul 04 UT 21:15-22:00 Observed by Gerling (Germany?) "Bright pt. glowing like a star on the S. extension of the Alps. On the following eve. found a small mt. which he did not see before." NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID=122. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1972 Jan 23 UT 15:20-16:50 observed by Stolzen (51.17N, 9.25E, 50mm refractor, T=2, S=2) "Pure bright white point within crater" - Hilbrecht and Kuveler, Earth, Moon & Planets, 30 (1984), p53-61
A dome-like feature, sketched by Herring and confirmed in a photograph by Larson. This had not been seen before by Herring in hundreds of hours of observing. No other reports of this. The photograph was taken at 02:50h. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=878 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
At 03:00UT(?) Evrard et al from the western US(?) saw somewhere a reddish glow, followed by black obscuration. The date in the Middlehurst catalog is 18/1/65, but there may have been a descrepency between local time date and UT date? Cameron 1978 catalog TLP No=916 and weight=3.
On 1984 Dec 01 at UT 20:00 a British Astronomical Association Lunar Section member (Southam, Warwickshire, UK) found no detail on the floor of Autolycus, despite there being plenty of detail on the floor of Aristillus crater. According to Foley, there should be some detail at this stage of illumination. Grego reports that the observation was from a Society for Popular Astronomy member and they described "a homogeneous grey veil over the 20 km floor of the crater". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=255 and the weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1982 Jul 01 at UT 02:23-02:58 Robotham (Springfield, ON, Canada, seeing=II) found that the west rim of Pytheas crater was a very bright yellow-white, indeed brighter than Proclus. At lower magnifications, Pytheas was one of the brightest spots on the Moon. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=173 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Piton 1958 Sep 23 UT 00:00? Observed by Moore? (UK?) "Enveloped in an obscuring cloud-like mist" NASA catalog ID 697. NASA catalog weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato and Plato A 1972 Jan 26 UT 18:25-18:55 Observed by Watkons and Hunt (England, 4.5" reflector x150, x225, and a 2.75" refractor) "Misty patch over A, & a misty brightness over SW wall of Plato. Hunt saw nothing unusual." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1321.
On 1964 Jun 21 at UT 21:18 Lipskii and Pospergelis (Shternberg State Ast. Institute, AZI-2" reflector (Cass.) observed Aristarchus: "Polarization meas. with electron polarimeter. Plane of polariz. rotated 2deg fr. the adjacent areas. They interpret it as some scattering medium over the crater. (Source gave date as 6/31/64, misprint =21st?)". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=820 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1985 May 03 at UT 1959-2330 M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK) and M. Mobberley (Suffolk, UK) both detected a large very bright region on the eastern exterior. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=269 and he weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
In 1949 Oct 07 UT 01:23-01:40 Chernov (Russia) observed changes in the north dark spot in Atlas during an eclipse (penumbra). It became darker as the shadow approached and sharply distinguishable. The cameron 1978 catalog ID=51 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1961 Aug 26 at UT 01:25-01:41 Chernov (Russia, 6x binoculars) found that during a penumbral phase of a solar eclpse Aristarchus appeared as a bright white point easily seen in 6x binoculars. At the same time the fissure near Aristarchus and Herodotus. (Schroter's Valley?) could be seen, but not easily. The cameron 1978 catalog ID=746 and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
In 1790 Oct 22/23 at UT 23:00-02:00 W. Herschel (Windsor, UK) observed during a toal lunar eclipse at least 200 small, round (spots?). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=69 amd weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1862 Jun 12 at UT 06:19 an unknown observer in France? during an eclipse, on the west side -- dark brick red -- & something seemed to oscillate before it. A mid-eclipse on S. side "a very small meniscus wa seen nearly the colour of the uneclipsed Moon". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=133 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Red streak seen on floor of Plato during an eclipse. The Cameron 1978 catalog assigns a TLP ID of 14 and a weight of 1. The ALPO/BAA catalog assigns a weight of 1 too.
On 1910 Nov 16/17 UT 22:50-00:10 Albright (Edge(b?)aston, England, UK) observed in Stofler crater "A luminous pt. on Moon dur. ecl. (mid-ecl 0025) Others saw a meteor on moon from widely seperated places". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=333 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Bright spot (4th magnitude) seen on eclipsed Moon and glimmering specks. Seen by nephew and neice of Beccaria. Cameron 1978 catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA catalog weight=2.
On 1964 Dec 19 at UT 01:55 A.R.Taylor (London, UK) suspected a brief pinpoint of light near Janssen (unconfirmed). The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1877 Aug 23/24 at UT 23:10-01:00 Airy, Pratt and Capron (Greenwich, England, France) observed during a lunar eclipse an unusual spectrum with strong absorption in yellow. (Airy) 2 patches of crimson light of short duration. Cameron says that this is a confirmation observation and that Airy was the Astronomer Royal. The cameron 1978 catalog ID=197 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1964 Dec 19 at UT 03:13-03:14 Budine and Farrell (Binghamton, New York, USA, 4" refractor, x200, S=7, T=5) observed that Aristarchus brightened five times over 1 minute during a lunar eclipse. The cameron 1978 catalog ID=870 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1982 Dec 30 at UT10:09-10:58 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x342, S=9/10) found that when the umbra of the eclipse shadow transitted across Aristrachus, the crater was a bright blue - this effect lasted until 10:14UT. Flashes/flickers (~0.1 sec duration) were seen at 10:15UT. He saw another flash at 10:24UT. Another observer, Harris (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 6" reflector, S=9/10) saw flashes at 10:18 (9 or 10 magnitude) - he saw another 2 flashes at 10:34 - though the Cameron catalog does not state where on the Moon - Aristarchus??. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=194 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1982 Dec 30 at UT 10:09-10:58 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x342, seeing=9/10), during a total lunar eclipse, found that Romer had a faint blue glow to it. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=194 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1964 Jun 25 at UT ~01:07 Titulaer (Utrecht, the Netherlands) observed that Aristarchus crater was very bright during an eclipse. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=822 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1964 Jun 25 at UT ~01:07 Rubens de Azevedo (Brazil) observed a white streak from Grimaldi on the limb, during an eclipse. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=822 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
In 1950 Apr 02 at UT 20:00 Chernov (Russia) observed two dark spots in Atlas during a penumbral phase of a lunar eclipse to quickly darken and become sharp in detail. The cameron 1978 catalog ID=524 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
1824 Dec 08 UTC 00:00? Observed by Gruithuisen (Munich, Germany) "Bright fleck in SE part of crater" NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #104. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1947 Nov 30 UTC 00:00? Observed by Favarger (France?) "3 bright points on inner w. slopes." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #499. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1986 Oct 20 at UT 03:30 Slager (Grand Rapids, MI, USA) detected colour in Aristarchus, red on the south wall and a blue "washed out gun metal colour on the "whole"inner north wall. A 2nd observer confirmed the observation. Cameron suspects that this is simply spectral dispersion. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=288 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Lichtenberg area 1940 Oct 18 UT 07:11 Observed by Barcroft (Madera, CA, USA, 6" reflector) "Pronouced reddish-brown or orange color, less marked on next nite, & slight on 22nd, see #'s 477, 478." NASA catalog weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2. NASA catalog ID #476.
Herodotus 1972 Jul 27 UT 2250-2350 M.Brown (Hutington, UK) thought that he saw a pseudo peak in the centre of Herodotus. He could not decide if it was real or an optical illusion. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Heraclides Point 1948 Oct 19 UTC 22:00 Observed by Moore (England, 12" reflector?) "Blurred, misty -- La Place was sharp. White diffused bright spot in S. Iridum close to Heraclides pt." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #512.
On 1982 Jul 09 at UT 01:05-01:25 P. Moore (Selsey, UK, 12.5"? reflector, seeing III) found that Aristarchus was very bright and slightly blue. Cameron comments that Moore's eyesight is not very blue sensitive. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=175 and weight= 4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1982 Jul 09 at UT01:05-01:25 P. Moore (Selsey, UK, 12.5" reflector, seeing=III) found that Grimaldi A was the 2nd brightest feature on the Moon, and that there was colour detected with a Moon blink device on the floor of Grimaldi. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=175 and the weight= 4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Lictenberg Area 1940 Oct 19 UT 07:11 Observed by Barcroft (Madera, CA, 6" reflector) Pronounced reddish-brown or orange color. Less marked than previous night, & slight on 22nd. See #'s 477; 478". NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #476. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1966 Nov 01 UTC 02:47-02:58 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector, x283, S=6, T=4) "S.region of floor granulated, 6 deg bright distinctly yellow-brown; rest of crater 8 deg bright white". NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID 994.
Aristarchus 1970 Feb 24 UTC 07:00? Observed by Thomas & Stump (Corralitos Observatory, Organ PAss, NM, USA, 24" refletor+Moon Blink) "Bluring around crater -- vis. in monitor, but not photographed due to clouds." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #1235.
Alphonsus 1972 Jul 29 UT 00:30-03:30 Observed by Morgan (England, UK) "Orange spot just W. of c.p. on central ridge; circular area @ 15-25km diam, larger than c.p. Was bright orange then turned orange-brown toward center. Central 4,5km was darker than rest; bownish-black with blue-white specks flashing in center. Obscur. there but ridge clear elsewhere. The dark spot SW of c.p. could not be seentho outside of color area. Sketch. It had appearance of dome of atm. thicker at center. Never seen before in 11y. Next nite brighter. NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1337. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1895 Sep 07 an unknown observer (Lewis Swift?) observed a pale blue segment on the upper limb - this was apparently confirmed by Faulkes (Mem. BAA, 1895). Cameron says that this is probably 1895 Sep 08 at UT 06:00 as Sep 07 is local time. She also infers that "upper limb" is the southern limb and that Swift was at the Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ, USA. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=285 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Alphonsus 1972 Jul 30 UT 00:30-03:30 Observed by Morgan (UK using a reflector) "Orange glow, brighter this nite than last nite. Following nites were cloudy. Aristarchus and Gassendi were negative." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1338. ALPO/BAA weight=3.