1980 May 17 at 21:00UT P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, using a 12" reflector) observed that Aristarchus was dull on the Earthlit side of the Moon. This was odd because other features were clerly seen. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=94 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1980 May 18 at UT 20:10-22:35 J.D. Greenwood (Morecombe, UK, 10" reflector and 3" refractor, seeing II-III, conditions very good) noted that the inside of Aristarchus had a star-like point contained within a diffuse blue-green hue coloured glow. There were also intermittent flashes visible during short irregular periods using a Wratten 44a (blue-green filter)but were difficult to see trhough a Wratten 25 (red) filter. The Moon was at a low altitude and the observation ceased at 22:25UT. P.W. Foley (Hent, UK, seeing II) observed flashes in Aristarchus and occasional star-like points - he also observed the area to be in a bluish translucent glow extending for about 40 miles all around the crater. In order to check on the visibility of Earthshine, a region of highland, near Grimaldi was checked and found to be 0.2 bright with no variations. However Aristarchus itself varied from a CED freading of 0.6 to unmeasurable. Foley observed from 20:10-22:30UT. P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK, 77m refractor, seeing I-III) observed at 22:17UT and saw the crater as a "ghostlike gossamer light". Cook, Moore and North returned negative reports. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID= 95 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1957 Jul 31 UT 02:24 C. Johnson (4" reflector, x91, seeing 10/10) observed a slight ring of light reaching around the north limb of the Moon. The ring was only just brighter than Earthshine and about 1600km long. The Moon's age was 3.9 days. The reference for this comes from; Johnson, Craig, L. "Lunar Limb Brightening", Strolling Astronomer, 11:118, 1957.
1950 Nov 14 UT23:38 L.T. Johnson (La Plata, MD, USA, 10" reflector, x179) observed a mag 10 flash in Earthshine. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
CCD images were captured in white light that seemed to show that the relative brightness between Aristarchus or Pytheas differed considerably to what they were to be one night later on 2008 Nov 26. Either Aristarchus was brighter on the 25th or Pytheas was darker. Which feature, and which night, the abnormality occurred on is uncertain. One possible explanation might be a brightness gradient from glare from the sunlit side affecting the image contrast quality of the CCD images for relative photometric measurements. This TLP is being assigned a weight of 3 for now.
CCD images were captured in white light that seemed to show that the relative brightness between Aristarchus or Pytheas differed considerably to what they were to be one night later on 2008 Nov 26. Either Aristarchus was brighter on the 25th or Pytheas was darker. Which feature, and which night, the abnormality occurred on is uncertain. One possible explanation might be a brightness gradient from glare from the sunlit side affecting the image contrast quality of the CCD images for relative photometric measurements. This TLP is being assigned a weight of 3 for now.
On 1981 Apr 09 at UT 19:44 M. Price (Camberley, Surrey, UK, 6" reflector, 58x and 117x) saw a 4 sec brightening in Aristarchus in the clear Earthshine. Other features visible were: Grimaldi and some mare. Foley found the crater to be "luminous & translucent". Cameron 2006 catalog ID=129 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
CCD images were captured in white light that seemed to show that the relative brightness between Aristarchus or Pytheas differed considerably to what they were to be one night earlier on 2008 Nov 25. Either Pytheas was brighter tonight or Aristarchus was darker. Which feature, and which night, the abnormality occurred on is uncertain. One possible explanation might be a brightness gradient from glare from the sunlit side affecting the image contrast quality of the CCD images for relative photometric measurements. This TLP is being assigned a weight of 3 for now.
CCD images were captured in white light that seemed to show that the relative brightness between Aristarchus or Pytheas differed considerably to what they were one night earlier on 2008 Nov 25. Either Pytheas was brighter tonight or Aristarchus was darker. Which feature, and which night, the abnormality occurred on is uncertain. One possible explanation might be a brightness gradient from glare from the sunlit side affecting the image contrast quality of the CCD images for relative photometric measurements. This TLP is being assigned a weight of 3 for now.
On 1988 Nov 15 at 10:07-10:40 UT P. Jean (Outremont, Quebec, Canada, 4" refractor?) saw to the SE of Eudocus (18E, ~43N) a luminescent area just over on the night side of the terminator - it was cone shapes and coppery in colour. Cameron comments that maybe it was a very low sun angle effect and she has seen something similar, but on the bright side of the terminator. Jean then goes onto comment that at 10:25UT a very dark line was seen south of the cone i.e. east of the terminator. A sketch was provided and P.Foley commented that the cone did not correspond to any terrain. Cameron 2006 Catalog Extension ID=339 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
2004 Dec 18 UT 02:00 F. Serio (Houston, TX, USA) may have imaged aperiod of brightening in this crater in images - though Darling comments that it could be a Registax issue. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Ross D 1967 Dec 8 UT 02:30-02:40 Observer: Harris (Tucson?, AZ?), colourless bright area SW of Ross D with repeated condensations that appeared then dissipated in thirty seconds to a minute. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 2003 February 8,2003 UTC 02:09-03:07 Observed by Gray (Winnemucca, NV, USA, 152mm F9 refractor Seeing 6-7, Transparency 6 305x) "Blinked Proclus with Wratten Red 25 and Blue 38A filters. Features seen through the red filter were basically seen with the same degree of clarity as in white light, in the case of sunlit walls, maybe a little bit better in the red. With the Blue 38A filter only the brightest part of the crater walls (north end) was visible-the rest of Proclus was dark shadow. At 3:07UT I compared the brightest parts of Proclus with Censorinus and Dionysius. The brightest parts of Proclus and Dionysius were comparable. Censorinus was much less bright than either of the above craters-the halo and crater were much faded over its usual brilliant appearance. Both Censorinus and Censorinus A were visible as distinct craters at 114x. The black shadow covering the east 40% of Proclus last night had broken up into three patches separated from each other by lighter bands. These were confined to the east crater wall. Only the central patch was black, the other two were considerably lighter. Running along the southwest edge of the crater floor of the crater floor appeared to be a hill to the north of which was a less elevated plateau. As the observing period progressed part of the brilliantly illuminated north crater wall developed a darker area which gradually became more prominent. As the sun is getting higher I would expect shadows and dark areas to diminish-what was happening here is unknown. However, this is not an unusual event for this part of Proclus". The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Theophilus 1966 Jan 28 UTC 01:24-03:45 Observed by Cross & Ariola (Whittier, CA, USA, 19" reflector, x300, S=6-4, T=4, "3 red patches appearing and dissappearing at different times. Obscurred at sunrise on it. Later, red patch appeared on the floor." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #920. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1979 Jul 01 at 22:00?UT D.J. Raden (Fort Meade, FL, USA, using a 10" reflector) detected a flare near to Halley (5E, 9S) visually with the eye and it lasted about 3-4 min - a sketch was made. However it was also found on one photographic slide taken with an exposure of 35 seconds. The observer comments that visually the flare was not as bright as it appeared in the photograph. In an area near Halley. The Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=57 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Maskelyne 1969 Nov 16 UTC 16:28-17:10 Observed by Persson (Hvidore, Denmark, 3" refractor) "Brightening & obscur. (Apollo 12 watch)." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1210.
On 1969 Nov 16 at UT 16:43-19:22 Dall'Ara (Switzerland, 4"? reflector), Stucchi (Switzerland, 12" reflector) observed in Aristarchus intermittent pulsations - Cameron speculates atmopsheric and also mentions the Apollo 12 watch. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1211 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Alphonsus 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #873.
Aristarchus 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #873.
Censorinus 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hopmann (Czecholovakia?) "Green flash or brightening (date correct ? written 8-4-65. First taken as American convention, thus as Aug. 4, but now think it was in European convention of day first then month)." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #873a.
Hyginius N 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #873.
Linne 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #873.
Proclus 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #873.
On 1987 Nov 28 at UT 04:16-04:45 D. Louderback (South Bend, WI, USA, 3"reflector, x150, S=E) observed that the Promontorium Agarum plateau was rather dull and grayish - usually it was "tannish" "even > sunlit areas, & twin craters at his point A which are always > spots on plateau. At 0420 whole plateau sank into complete darkness, hard to distinguish from mare plain. albedo dropped to 5 from 6.8 reading. Nearby plain was normal 5 so phenomena had not spread to it. At 0424 Cape started to reappear to albedo 6 until 0445, when it returned to normal, but not sharply defined - like through haze. Detail better in red than in blue filter, sketches. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=315 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
In 1878 Oct 03 at UT 20:00 an Unknown observer noted that Hyginus Nova had the most conspicuous of all appearances, and there was no trace of it on 1878 Oct 04. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=201 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
nr. Plato in Teneriffe Mountains 1854 Dec 27 UT 18:00-23:00 Observed by Hart & others (Glasgow, Scotland, 10" reflector) "2 luminous fiery spots on bright side on either side of a ridge, contrasting color. Seemed to be 2 active volcanoes. Ridge was normal color. Spots were yellow or flame color. Never seen before in 40 yrs. of observing." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #129. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Hyginus Nova 1877 Nov 13 UT 20:00? Observed by Crain, Klein, Eng. officer (France?, Cologne (Germany), Enland?, 6" refractor?, S=E) "Standing out with such prominence, seen at a glance. No trace of it on 14th, in excell seeing. (indep. confirm.?)"NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #198. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Menelaus 1969 Nov 17 UT 16:00-19:00 Observed by Rubens de Azevedo,A. Monghilhot, E. Leal e Jose Fernandes (Joao Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil, 8" and 10" reflectors) "Entire crater of Men. illum. by pale greenish light. (Azevedo)" NASA catalog weight=5 NASA catalog ID #1211a. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Fauchier of Marseilles, France, seeing=good - fair and the Moon at a high altitude, saw two lights on the Moon brighter than any others during similar circumstances. They had colour. These had not been seen before and he ruled out cromatic aberation. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=249 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
2004 Dec 20 UT 02:51-03:26 R. Gray (Winumma, USA) noted that the crater had exceptional brightness to nimbus surrounding it. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1972 Oct 15 UT 20:48 Observed by Hopp (13.25E, 52.5N, 75mm refractor) "Bright flash at the NW wall but poor seeing." T=3, S=5. Ref: Hilbrecht & Kuveler Moon & Planets (1984) Vol 30, pp53-61. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1995 Jul 06 at UT 03:22-03:57 R. Spellman (Los Angeles, USA found that the floor of Proclus appeared to darken slightly through a blue filter. The ALPO/BAA weight=2. Source of this observation came from Spellman's web site.
In 1878 Oct 04 at UT 20:00 an Unknown observer noted that Hyginus Nova could not be seen, whereas the night before the crater had the most conspicuous of all appearances. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=201 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Williams of the UK, on 1892 Sep 20 at Moon's age 8.4 days, noticed a spot that had been seen on the 21st and 23rd of the same year with abnormal brightness. The spot was near Picard. Williams comments the spot was "nearly as large but a little fainter than Picard, This observation was reported in the Astronomical Register of the Royal Astronomical Society and is not included in the Cameron catalogs. It is one of many measurements of the brightness of this spot for different illumination angles and is one of three outlying brightness points spotted on a graph by Willaims. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Hyginus Nova 1867 Nov 14 UT 20:00? Observed by Crain, Klein, Eng. officer (France?, Cologne (Germany), Enland?, 6" refractor?, S=E) "On 13th it was standing out with such prominence, seen at a glance. No trace of it on 14th, in excell seeing. (indep. confirm.?)"NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #198.
Tycho 1940 Jul 14 UT 02:00? Observed by Haas (NM? USA, 12"? reflector) "Luminous marks in shadow, ragged edged & irreg. shape. E. wall had a milky luminosity" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #468. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1964 Feb 22 at UT 05:00 Harris (Whittier, CA, 19" reflector, x100) observed the appearance of a ring to the south east of Ross D. Cameron says that 7 persons have seen this over a 2.5 year period. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=801 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Gassendi 1967 Feb 18 UT 20:30-20:40 Observed by Moore, Moseley (Armagh, Northern Ireland, 10" refractor, x300) "Red color in crater (in dark)". NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1015. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1979 Jul 03 at UT 20:55-21:20 J-H. Robinson (Teighmouth, Devon, UK, 10" reflector, seeing II) observed that Messier was brighter than Messier A. No colour was observed. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID is 58 and the weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2010 Aug 19 at UT 00:50-01:02 J.Albert (Lakeworth, FL, USA, C11, Transparency 3, Seeing 7-8, 86F and very humid. Oberver checking out repeat illumination condition appearence for Tycho concerning LTP #468 in the 1978 Cameron catalog. Did not see the effect from the original TLP report, but did see, immediately at looking at Tycho a very faint hint of redness in a pencil thin arc (< 1/4 circumference of the rim) confined to the top of the rim of the well-lit north east wall. Coloured arc similar in thickness to Rupes Recta, but not as sharply defined. The outer (E) edge was perhaps sharper than the inner edge. The redness was more on the inside of the top of the rim. The outside of the rim was bright white. This effect was seen in three different eyepieces, at 311x, 224x and 400x. Checked for the effect on other craters nearby but could not see this effect anywhere else. The colour had dissapeared by 01:02UT. The fade took about 1-2 minutes. Observation of Tycho continued until 01:06UT, but all seemed normal. Quick checks were made again on Tycho periodically until 02:50UT but the colour was not seen again. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1980 May 23 at UT21:14-21:55 J.H. Robinson (Teighmouth, Devon, UK, 12" reflector, seeing II-III) could see Aristarchus in blue and clear filters, but not in red light. Robinson saw some variability in this effect with time. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=96 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1980 May 23 at UT21:14-22:18 G. Blair (Bridge of Weir, Scotland, UK, 216mm reflector, seeing II-IV) found a red tinge along the western wall of Coperncius, perhaps 32km in length. This was invisible in a blue-green Wratten 44a filter, but was unmistakble in a red Wratten 25 filter. Could have been spurious colour - but no other regiosn were affected. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1980 May 23 at UT 21:14-21:18 Marco Petek (Porto Alegre, Brazil) saw in the region of Littrow and an area of dark mare south west from Littrow to Argaeus, abnormal darkness, and a rapid change of form. He also saw a shadow extending south east from Campanus opposite to the Sun - however Foley thinks this is normal. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=96 and weight=0 or 1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1970 Nov 8 UT 01:31-01:47 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3" refractor x59-300) "Only crater A seen, all others obscured. Floor =3deg albedo, very smooth. A had a minute shadow & no obscur. On Nov. 22 1966 at nearly same colong. 5 spots incl. A were vis." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1278. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1980 May 25 at UT 22:18 G. Blair (Bridge of Weir, Scotland, 216mm reflector, seeing II-IV) suspected a short sharp flash, white in colour north of Tycho's north wall. Nothing more seen. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1980 May 23 at UT22:30 (P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 10" reflector, seeing II) described Aristarchus as a "blue luminous patch", but it was too faint to obtain a CED brightness measurement. Cameron 2006 catalog ID= 96 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
2012 Sep 24 UT 22:00-23:00 Copernicus. E. Horner (Salisbury, UK, 15cm reflector) observed a prominent red arc where the sunlit part of the interior wall met the shadow. Sometimes the arc was 1/4 the way around the interior, and sometimes half of the way around. Telescope moved, but the red arc stayed where it was. Eyepieces change, but the effect remained. Other parts of the Moon checked, but no red seen. There were however splashes of green e.g. Longomontanus on the terminator, elsewhere further inland from the termionator, and little splashes of green on Mare Frigoras - but lasting a brief time. The red colour was as strong as a red LED and the green similar to that of the northern lights. The observer's husband was asked to independetly check Copernicus and remarked that he could see a little bit of green at the top and some red near the bottom, along the line of the internal shadow. Although there were checks for red elsewhere on the Moon and none were seen, the Moon was starting to get low and it is typical of spurious colour in a few respects. Therefore the ALPO/BAA weight=1 for safety.
Atlas 1966 Dec 21 UT 17:10 Observed by Andre (Belgium, 3" refractor) "Bright spot on SE part of floor, not seen in photo on 12/18/66" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1003.
Mons la Hire 1972 Nov 15 UT 09:45-10:18 M.Geisel (Brisbane, Australia, 12.5" f/8 reflector, x90) discovered the TLP, P. Anderson (9.5" reflector) independently confirmed that the TLP had an effect in his Moon Blink device - but the effect (suspected that the blink was caused by the extreme nrightness of the mountain?) was weak and thought it not worth further investigation. Photographs taken by Anderson. Geisel believes the effect to be real and states that the area remained sharp and clear throughout. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Proclus 1969 Nov 18 UT 20:00? Observed by Classen (Pulnitz, Czechoslovakia, 8" refractor) "Brightened, exceeded normal. Brightness is monitored relative to Censorinus. (started July, 1969) Obs. thinks all bright craters are variable. (Apollo 12 watch)." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1216.
On 1995 Jul 07 at UT 04:22 R. Spellman (Los Angeles, CA, USA) noted that the floor of Copernicus was slightly darker in blue light. The ALPO/BAA weight=1. This report came from R. Spellman's web site.
On 1995 Jul 07 at UT 04:22 R. Spellman (Los Angeles, CA, USA) noted that the inside of Bodin darkened in blue light and also the floor was darker in white light than it was the previous day. The ALPO/BAA weight=1. This report came from R. Spellman's web site.
On 1995 Jul 07 at 04:22UT R. Spellman (Los Angeles, CA, USA) noted that the floor of Proclus looked slightly darker in blue light. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Copernicus 1969 Nov 18 UT 21:10-21:11 Observed by Hedervari (Budapest, Hungary, 3.5" refractor) "Yellowish-red stripe on inner W. wall (chrom. aberr.? Apollo 12 watch)." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID No. 1217. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Goldschmidt 1969 Nov 18 UT 21:59 Observed by Brandi (Wald, Switzerland, 6" reflector x90) "Brightening -- photo. (the author, WSC, cannot verify LTP on film. Its brightness similar to other features at same term. dist. Shadow is anomolous if real -- very narrow streak beside it & beyond main shadow (Apollo 12 watch)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #1218.
Plato 1878 Oct 05 UT 21:40 Observed by Klein (Cologne, Germany, 6?" refractor) "Fog in W. part of crater. Faint shimmer like thin white cloud" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #203.
In 1872 Mar 19 at UT 23:17 an unknown observer observed in Sinus Iridum: "Covered with a light gray shadow thru which he saw dimly the surface below - indicating obscuring matter over it. (Cameron says: only w. 1/3 of bay would be in shadow as boundaries are 25-37W)". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=178 and the weight=3.
Alphonsus 1967 Feb 19 UT 20:30-21:11 Observed by Moore, Moseley (Armagh, Northern Ireland, 10" refractor, x360) "Blink area between 1900 & 1940 with neg. results. Suddenly at 2030 there was a bright red glow, brightest Moseley had ever seen, at Feb 17 suspectec place. Moore returned at 2037h in time to see fading effect. Brief return at 2105-2111; neg. from 2120-2250h then clouds. Nothing on Feb 20. confirmation)." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1016. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Colour seen, mostly blueness on south rim and exterior of south rim at Bullialdus crater. Blueness seen too on Plato on inner SSW rim, but no colour reported on any other craters. Seeing III, 12" reflector used x200 and x360.
Colour seen, mostly blueness on inner SSW rim. Blueness also seen on south rim and exterior of south rim at Bullialdus crater. No colour reported on any other craters. Seeing III, 12" reflector used x200 and x360.
Daniell 1979 Jul 04 UT 20:40-21:19 Observed by Saxton (UK?, 216mm refractor?, seeing III, transparency: Good) "noticed that the east end of Daniell was bright and fuzzy and had somewhat poorly defined edge to the bright part. A sketch was made, and possibly shows the same as in past reports" BAA Lunar Section Report. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=59 and weight=3. Observer located in Leeds, England and used a 9" reflector x250. Seeing=III and transparency=good. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
H. Davies (Llamandel, Swansea, UK, using a 3" refractor, detected a short duration reddish hue along the inner NE-NW? rim (4-7 O'Clock location. Sketch supplied to Foley (BAA coordinator). No similar effect seen elsewhere. A.C. Cook (Frimley, UK) detected spurious colour on several craters, including Plato that night. Cameron 2006 Catalog Extension ID= 337 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Arsyukhin and others (Moscow, USSR), with naked eye and binouculars saw three dark spots suddenly appear on Mare Crisium and disappear approximately 30 minutes later. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=145 and catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Arsyukhin and others (Moscow, USSR), with naked eye and binouculars saw TLP activity in Plato that Cameron thinks confirms what UK observers saw later. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=145 and catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Alphonsus 1966 Apr 01 UT(?) 03:00-03:20 Observed by Jenning, Harris (Coral Estates, CA, USA, 12" reflector) "Red patch from c.p. to W. wall (no confirm. from Corralitos obs. moon blink device & obs. at that time)" NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #924. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Agrippa and vicinity 1878 Dec 04 UT 20:00? Observed by Capron (France?) "Odd, misty look as if vapor were in or about them" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #209.
Observed by G.H. Johnstone of Albuquerque, NM, USA on 1954 Nov 05 UT 20:00 (according to Cameron), but 02:00-04:00 according to the original observation and at colongitudes 34.7 to 35.7 deg. 4" reflector, x150 used. The obsewrver reported that the western part (about 1/3rd of the interior) was pitch black with shadow. However there was a zone about as wide, or perhaps only a fourth of the total width that was distinctly a lighter bluish shade, almost like twilight. The shadows of the peaks on the western edge of the rim were clearly seen crossing this bluish shadowed area. Then this area ended sharply, and the farside was bathed in light from the rising sun. The shadows of the peak were sharply defined across the twilight zone, and the edge of the pitch black shadow was easily defined but not as sharp as the darker shadows crossing the the blue twilight zone. The observer checked other craters but did not see this condition in any of them - they all had the abrupt division between black and white that we would normally expect to see. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=579 and weight=2. Reference 1962 edition of ALPO's Journal: The Stolling Astronomer. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Censorinus 1969 Nov 19 UT 1922 Observed by Brandli (Wald, Switzerland, 6" reflector, x90) "Brightening -- photo, (the author, WBC, cannot verify from photo. It is brighter, but so are Proc. & Dionys. -- it being between. i.e. Proc. > Censor. > Dionys. Apollo 12 watch)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #1220. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1970 Dec 08 UT 18:00-23:59 UT Observed by Fitton (Oldham, England, 8.5" refkector, S=VG) "All surrounding detailperfect, but barely a trace of floor detail. A suggestion of 2 or 3 white spots including central A seen only on one examination out of five. "sector" beginning to show. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1870 May 10 UTC 22:00 Observed by Birt (England) "Extraordinary display of lights. Says not effect of sunlight" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #167.
P. Moore at 21:10 found the southern wall (and ontothe southern floor) of the crater to be indistinct. Elsewhere in the crater everything was sharp. The effect was still seen at 21:42UT, but less strong. A check was made for colour with aq Moonblink device, but none was seen. There was still a trace of this effect at 21:44UT, although detail was now becoming visible. By 21:48UT vertical streaks were seen crossing the floor from the obscuration area and these were more visible in the red filter and not in the blue. Cameron comments that undefined patches on the floor of Plato are not normal. By 21:55UT some craterlets on the floor started to become visible and the TLP for Moore ended by UT22:23. P.Foley was alerted by Moore and saw a "amssive dense obsecuration on the south wall, south floor and south outer glacis to the Mare". Foley noted that by 21:50UT the effect was fading and finished by 22:03UT. Foley reported an orange translucent haze covering half of the floor, but floor craterlets could be seen on and off - however his atmospheric seeing conditions were IV. At 22:00 UT Foley reported the floor close to the north wall to be "milky or misty". No detail was visible at 21:15UT and variability in the floor continued until 23:10UT. Hedly-Robinson was aleted at 21:35UT and found no difference between red and blue views of the area, however he did find that the south rim was indistinct although this effect had lessened by 22:00 UT and was normal by 22:17UT. M. Mobberly saw a white spot on the floor at 21:20 UT, whereas he normally would have expected to see craterlets. Mobberly was alerted at 21:40 UT and took some colour photos. He also made sketches that showed variability in the floor and dark lines and patches in the north west corner. However the altitude of the Moon was low. Cameron mentions that two of the photos show loss of detail at the south wall and beyond.and also a change in the floor markings.The north wall at 21:50UT was strangely reddish (didn't think this was spurious colour). The rest of the wall was sharp at 22:20UT through a yellow filter. Large bright patch in the centre and rest of the floor was apparently of the same shading as Mare Imbrium. The above notes are based upon the Cameron 2006 catalog extension TLP ID 145 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Piton 1969 Nov 19 UT 21:15-22:00 Observed by Baum (England, 4.5" refractor) "Traces of cloudiness on E. slope at 2115h. Increased at 2150h in extent & brightness. Spread onto plain. Summit & shadow in W. part sharp & clear. (Apollo 12 watch)." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #1221. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
C. Brook of Plymouth UK, using a 4" refractor x216, noticed at UT 20:10 dark patches coming and going (in terms of visibility) on the floor of Plato. Occasional views of the central cratelet (seen as a white spot) were glimpsed. The dark patches seen lasted about 1-2 seconds before fading out during each visibility cycle. Teneriff Mountains were checked but no sign of seeing effects that might explain the dark floor patches. By 20:26UT the dark patch effect was fading and by 20:31UT floor detail was visible. Observations ceased at UT 20:34. Seeing conditions were II and the Moon was at a high altitude. Other observers were alerted but came on-line after the effect had finished. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Brilliant blue color seen at first for seconds, later for min 2h later, in blue filter. Cameron 1978 catalog weight=4 (high). Cameron 1978 catalog ID 572.
Furnerius 1961 May 26 UT 02:20-03:00 Observed by Cameron (Aldephi, MD, USA, 3.5" Questar reflector x160, S=G) "Crater stood out like glittering points (small craters on rim?). Many features examined but effect seen only on this crater and Stevinus (Specular refl. from flat surface?)" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #738.
Stevinus 1961 May 26 UT 02:20-03:00 Observed by Cameron (Aldephi, MD, USA, 3.5" Questar reflector x160, S=G) "Crater stood out like glittering points (small craters on rim?). Many features examined but effect seen only on this crater and Stevinus. (Specular refl. from flat surface?)" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #738.
Plato 1971 Oct 30 UT 19:35-20:55 E.Watkins (Braintree, UK, 4.5" reflector, x45,x150, x225), thought he saw a faint patch at 19:35 and it still was visible at 19:40. At 19:50-19:55 he saw what may have been the remainder. At 20:55 he noticed a shadow in the area. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Tycho 2971 Nov 28 UT 21:58-22:05 observed by D.B. Taylor (Dundee, UK, darker area inside the crater (NE and SE floor) in a Moon Blink device. However the observer does not report through which filter ir was darker. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1980 May 25 UT 21:33-22:54 Observed by North (Seaford, UK, seeing III-IV, 460mm Newtonian) Definite strong reddish glow along NNW border, definitely much stronger than spurious colouration and always visible when telescope moved in RA and Dec to eliminate possible chromatic aberation effects in the eyepiece. Effect ended by 21:54 UT. BAA Lunar Section Report. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Gassendi 1969 Nov 20 UT 17:06-17:15 Observed by Duckworth (Manchester, England, 8" refractor x250) Faint Pinkish Obscuration on floor. Event in progress at 1706 - left telescope at 1715 to report it, but TLP gone upon return. Gassendi was normal from from 1734-1822h. NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1223. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Hyginus N 1944 Apr 04 UT 20:00? Observed by Wilkins (Kent, England, 15" reflector) "Darker than usual. S. edge of great crater valley was bordered by a narrow dark band for 13km along its length" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #490.
SE of Ross D 1965 Mar 14 UT 07:40 Observed by Cross (Whittier, CA, USA, 12" reflector) "Crater wall partially obscured; bright" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #872.
Gassendi 1969 Nov 20 UT 19:30-19:45 Observed by Becker (Holland, 4" refractor) "Curious small shadow from NW (ast. ?) wall. (Apollo 12 watch)" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1224.
Aristarchus 1969 Nov 20 UT 19:45-20:05 Observed by Becker (Holland, 4" refractor) "Sharp whiteness on inner W. (ast. ?) side (Apollo 12 watch)" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1224.
Plato 1870 May 11 UTC 22:00 Observed by Birt (England) "Extraordinary display of lights. Says not effect of sunlight" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #167.
Observer noted a bright spot on the interior west wall that seemed brighter than what they would have expected. unfortunately the precise time of this observation was not recorded so the moon-rise and midnight UT values are used to place a limit on the time of observation. Images by Shaw taken at UT 1754, 18:45 and 23:13 do not exhibit the effect.
Censorinus 1981 Apr 15 UT 22:15-23:10 M. Cook (Frimley, UK), using a 12" reflector,found Censorinus to be glowing exceedingly bright and was brighter than Proclus. It dulled later, but was still brighter than Proclus. Censorinus was also slightly brighter in blue than in red light. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=130 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus-Herodotus 1968 Dec 31 UT 03:30-03:45 Observed by Taboada (Mexico) "Terminator between the two was diminishing in brightness over edge of Herod. at 0345, 2 darker spots seen over same place. (alerted by Middlehurst for tidal predict.?)" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1112.
On 1968 Dec 31 at UT 03:30-03:45 Taboada (Mexico) observed the terminator between Aristarchus and Herodotus was diminishing in brightness at 03:45UT over the edge of Herodotus. Two darker spots were seen over same place. Alerted by Middlehurst for tidal predict? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1112 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Torricelli B 2005 Jan 21 UT 21:21-21:43 Observed by North (Norfolk, UK, 20cm reflector, x64, x128, Seeing IV, Transparency, moderate) "Torricelli B appeared rather dull with a prominent dark halo of a strongly bluish tint. The halo extends a few sec of arc beyond the crater. At 21:21-21:43 crater was varying in brightness but this may have been due to the seeing? By 21:42 the dark halo was gone. By 21:44- 21:49 UT the crater was brighter and more normal in brightness than before. By 22:17 UT all was normal. The variations in brightness were also seen by Cook (Mundesley, UK). Observations by Carbognani (Itlay) 21:20-23:10 failed to find any variations in brightness. Nor did Amato (CT, USA) from 23:00-23:15 UT."
On 1978 May 18 at UT20:45-21:53 J.D. Cook (Frimley, UK, 12" reflector, x240) observed Promitorium Laplace to have visually a brown colour - though no Moon Blink (red and blue filters) effect was detected. Cameron comments that this is probably a subjective effect - also others have reported something similar at times. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=30 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1998 Jul 05 P. Moore (Selsey, UK, 15" reflector, x200- x400, seeing II/III) comments that he is puzzled why the floor of Plato, which is light gray in shade, looks completely blank tonight. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Barker's Quadrangle (Capuanus) 26W, 34S 1949 Feb 9 UT 20:00? Observed by Moore (England, 12" reflector) :Quadrangle not seen, apparently misty. (quad. in Capuanus? see Wilkins & Moore, The Moon, p124)" NASA catalog ID=514, weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3..
Crick of Belgium noticed obscuration on a bright spot on the south east wall. This spot was quite prominent through a red Wratten 25 filter. The floor was very dark. Other craters were checked and were normal. A sketch was supplied and the position was the same as in other earlier reports. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=60 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3. 6" reflector used. Seeing=II and transparency=good.
Plato & Pico 1984 Mar 14/15 UT 19:18-01:48 Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 12" Reflector seeing I, Transparency Very Good) "Obscuration and colur seen on Plato and colouration and brightness seen on Piton (CED used)" BAA Lunar Section Report.
Plato & Pico 1984 Mar 14/15 UT 19:18-01:48 Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 12" Reflector seeing I, Transparency Very Good) "Obscuration and colour seen on Plato and colouration and brightness seen seen on Piton (CED used)" on and Colour" BAA Lunar Section Report.
M. Cook of Frimley, "NE ray distinct & also floor E of it, not distinct as on Dec 13 & Jan 11, while March 10, 11 & 12 seen by Price, North, Peters, Foley & M Cook, where rim was clear and sharp." - quote from the 2006 Cameron Catalog extyension - TLP ID=297 and weight=5. Cameron gives the observers confirming this TLP as: M. Cook, G. North and Davies.. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1972 Oct 19 UT 17:55-18:05 Observed by Gabriel (Wettern, Belg. 4" refractor, x166, S=E), Hitchens (Stamine Locks, Eng., 8.5" reflector, S=F), Peters (Kent, Eng., 10" relector), Amery (Reading, Emg. 10?" reflector), Flynn (england, 12" reflector) "At 17:55h noted bluish-purple color area just N. of Aris. & it reached just over N. wall, lasted 2 min. At 1800h color noted again, but not as brilliant & gone at 1801h. Seen again at 1804h & now was on E. (ast. ?) wall, lasting M 1min. Sure of its reality but not of lunar origin. All gone at 1805h. Hitchens noted a very bright spot on W. (IAU?) wall between 2 prominent bands. Blue darkening in W#38 filter, neg. in W#8,25,58 & integrated light. Other areas gave similar but lesser effects. May be due to damp geletin. (Moore thinks not LTP but many obs. have rep't blue in Aris.) Others obs. later (2100, 2215-2300, 2305h) & noted nothing unusual." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1346.
Kepler 1954 Nov 07 UTC 23:20 Observed by Lugo (Caracus, Venezula) "Luminous pts. (MBMW say "bright pt.; just outside E.wall). NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #580.
On 1993 Sep 28 at UT 04:30-06:10 S.Beaumont (Cambridge, UK)observed that the north east edge of Herodotus appeared as a "highland area spilling over into" the Cobra's Head border or "overlook". The shadow on the elevation was contiguous with a similar shadow over the Cobra's Head "like a darkening of the terrain. Shadow appears softer diffused without sharp bounds of most Lunar shadows. sketch. S. edge of crater started to appear at 0615". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=468 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1 as the date or UT are wrong.
Plato 1972 Oct 19 UT 20:10 Observed by Taylor, Phillips, Ford, Kennedy (Dundee, Scot. 10" refractor) "Taylor noted a slight blink on NW wall. Ford said it was neg. Phillips was not sure. Taylor returned to telescope & no blink. Kennedy reported neg." NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1347.
Foley, Kent, UK noted that the floor was slate blue-grey with no colour seen elsewhere. 12" reflector used, seeing=II. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID 131 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1870 May 12 UTC 22:00 Observed by Birt (England) "Extraordinary display of lights. Says not effect of sunlight" However an article by Nigel Logshaw in the Feb 2014 LSC suggests that it was probably just normal fine scale spots and streaks on the floor of the crater. NASA catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight= 1. NASA catalog ID #167.
Plato 1986 Dec 13 UT 20:30 Observed by A. Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing III) North East quadrant of Plato the crater was blurred and ill-defined. Also no craterlets visible anywhere on the floor of Plato until the central craterlet was just glimpsed later at 23:00-23:45, though seeing now III-IV (cirrus at times in the sky). At this later time the NE rim was less blurred than before. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1981 Jun 14 UT 21:58 Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 11.75" Newtonian, Seeing III, Transparency Good) "Obscuration Seen" BAA Lunar Section Observation. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Cobra Head 1955 Sep 28 UTC 23:00 Observed by Bestwick (England? 6?" reflector x240) "Diffused brown patch of smoke or vapor, almost obscured -- appeared over plain for a short distance."NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #612.
Herodotus 1969 Jan 01 UT 03:15 Observed by Taboada (Mexico) "Brightness in edge of crater dimmed & a heavy darkness was noted thru course of cleft (Schroter's Valley?). (alerted for tidal predict.?)"NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID # 1113. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2016 Jul 17 UT 03:49 P.Zeller (ALPO, Indianapolis, IN, USA) imaged a pseudo-peak with shadow on the floor of Herodotus, however the image scale and quality of this colour image were not great and the observer suspects that it might be an imaging artefact. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
P. Foley of Kent, UK, using a 12" reflector, seeing=III-II, noticed that initially that the crater was pretty dull and that the floor was a slate blue-gray in colour at 22:45UT. A noticeable green spot inside the crater on the south east appeared at 22:25UT and vanished at 00:50UT. Cameron notes that one doesn't get green with spurious colour. Crater Extinction brightness measurements were made at 22:00 UT (reading=2.8) and at 23:45UT (reading=3.7). The crater dropped in brightness from 3.7 to 2.8 at 23:50UT and remained lower until 3.0 at 23:50-03:15 UT. A graph was produced and showed Proclus and Censorinus at similar brightnesses, but Aristarchus variable. The Earthshine was 0.3. Cameron 2006 Extension catalog ID=31 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Variations in vapor column rising from the Cobra Head feature (seen on several nights in succession) and also in the visibility of craterlets A, C, F. Sunrise +2d. (time est. fr. gives colongitude). Cameron 1978 catalog ID=279 and weight=3. Pickering was observing from the southern station of Harvard University in Arequipa, Peru.
Aristarchus 1975 Sep 18 UT 21:00? Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 12" reflector) "Deep blue-viol. spot in NW (IAU?) interior corner." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1414. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Manilius 1939 Jun 30 UT 06:05 Observed by Haas (NM?, USA, 12"? reflector) "Dark area in S. part was I=2.0 but was I=3.7 on 7/30/39. Obs. conditions were very similar." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #449.
Aristarchus 1969 Nov 22 UT 18:20-21:13 Observed by D. Cutts (Chester, Eng., 8.5" reflector, x200), Moore (Sussex, Eng., 12" reflector x425), Miles (Coventry, Eng. 5" refractor), Delaye and Jourdran (Marseilles, Fr., 8" reflector) "Pulsating patch on W. wall between 2 radial bands. Faded by 2000h. Returned to normal. (Cutts). Miles saw strong pink in whole interior at 2112h. Strong blink. No blink there at 2210-2212h. Gass., Grim., & Plato were neg. Delaye & Joudan photog. it as very bright. Moore got neg. results at 2135. (confirm. of activity?, Apollo 12 watch)." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1226. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Mobberley of Suffolk, UK, and using a 14" reflector and seeing=I-II saw yellowish/brown streaks within Aristarchus. A sketch indicates that these extended from a region on the east floor to the north west corner, and then finally onto the bands on the west wall. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=132 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1989 Oct 13 UTC 21:00 Observed by Cook (Frimley, Surrey, UK, 20cm reflector (visual and video)) "Aristarchus had what appeared to be a outline of a ghost crater on it's eastern side - quite large and bright". Cameron 2006 extended catalog TLP ID No=378 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1870 May 13 UT 22:00? Observed by Pratt (---), Elger (Liverpool, England), (Gledhill (Brighton, England) "Extraordinary display of lights. 27 seen by Pratt, 28 by Elger, only 4 by Gledhill. (independ. confirm. ?" NASA catalog weight=5 (very good) NASA catalog ID #168. A bit more of a detailed report is as follows: "Upon the 13th of May, 1870, there was an "extraordinary display," according to Birt: 27 lights were seen by Pratt, and 28 by Elger, but only 4 by Gledhill, in Brighton. Atmospheric conditions may have made this difference, or the lights may have run up and down a scale from 4 to 28. As to independence of sunlight, Pratt says (Rept. B.A., 1871-88), at to this display, that only the fixed, charted points so shone, and that other parts of the crater were not illuminated, as they would have been to an incidence common throughout.(30) In Pratt's opinion, and, I think, in the opinion of the other observers, these lights were volcanic." ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Plato 1874 Jan 01 UT 20:00? Observed by Pratt (England?) "Unusual appearance" NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID # 183. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1992 Oct 10 at 18:57-19:04 UT I.S.Brukhanov (of Minsk, Belarus, using a 6" refractor x40 and x98) saw a star like point inside Plato crater of similar brightness to the central peak of Alphonsus. The event lasted 90 seconds before weakening and vanishing completely at 19:04UT. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=455 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1981 Apr 18 at UT 19:50-22:10 M. Mobberley (Suffolk, UK, using a 14" reflector, seeing poor and transparency poor) observed faint-yellow streaks still visible, but less prominent. Cameron mentions that Bartlett noticed this colour, but in the south floor of Aristarchus. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=133 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus area 1955 Sep 30 UTC 20:45 Observed by Firsoff (Somerset, England, 6.5" reflector, x200) "Area showed a westward yellow smear, looked darkish in red, indicating presence of green." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #614. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1972 Oct 21 UT 2:10-22:45 observed by Schnuchal (52.5N, 13.25E, 600mm f/11.7 reflector, T=1, S=3) "Bright spot with maximum intensity at 22:10 UT diminution in brightness well observable" - Hilbrecht and Kuveler, Earth, Moon & Planets, 30 (1984),p53-61. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus-Herodotus 1969 Jan 03 UT 03:20-03:50 Observed by Taboada (Mexico) "Brightness between craters dimmed at 0345. Change in colouration in N. part of Aris. -- gray & slightly pinkish. Became more remarkable at 0350 in almost all the extension of the cleft, (Sch. Vall. ?)." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1114. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
G.Amery (Reading, UK, seeing=II) saw a brilliant white rim, bands and central peak. There was also a clearly seen white glare like feature over the ESE wall that had a direction opposite to the crater interior bands. Cameron states that Foley says that this is usual. High CED brightness readings obtained. M.Cook of Frimley, UK, took CED measurements at 23:35UT and recorded a brightness of > 4.9. Reported a reversal of spurious colour - Cameron suspects that this was a local effect. No spurious colour noticed by anyone else. However the brightness of the crater was confirmed by other observers. Mosely suspected a brightness change on the inner east wall at a relative position of 8 O'Clock. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=259 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1973 Sep 11 UTC 20:48-21:06 observed by Pasternak (53deg 20'N, 7deg 30'E, 75mm reflector T=1, S=3) "reddish colours at the S of Aristarchus from 20.48-21.00 U.T., area spread to the region E of the crater at 20.57 U.T., disappeared there at 21.04U.T., no colours after 21.06 U.T." - Hilbrecht and Kuveler, Earth, Moon & Planets, 30 (1984), p53-61. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2009 Sep 03 at UT23:15-23:17 B.Gibbs took some hand held digital SLR images of the Moon (Sky conditions clear). Four images were taken at: 23:14:53, 23:15:59, 23:16:05 and 23:17:23 (uncertainty +/-15 sec offset from actual UT). These showed some apparent variation in the brightness of Aristarchus. However there are ways toexplain this through image motion blur when the images were taken. However we cannot be absoultely sure. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1967 Feb 24 UT 04:21 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 8" reflector?) Using an Eng. moon blink device, discovered red brightest on NNE wall summit - duration 10min. NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1017. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1961 Jun 27/28 23:00?-01:00? Observed by Granger & Ring (Italy). "Enhancement of Spectrum in UV at CaII similar to May obs." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #741. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Enhancement of spectrum in UV and CaI recorded on photoelectric spectrometer scans by Grainger and Ring in Italy. Effect seen on Aristarchus and a ray near Bessel (approx 17E, 22N). Cameron 1978 catalog ID=740 and weight=5. ALPO weight=3.
On 1897 Oct 10 at UT 19:00 Pickering (Cambridge, Mass. USA, 15" refractor?) observed in Shroter's valley and the vicinity, "Variations in vapor col. change in direction of cloud rising from F is marked (time est. fr. given colon.)" The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=292 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Manillus 1955 Aug 03 UTC 21:00 Observed by Firsoff (Sommerset, England, 6.5" reflector, x200) "Maniluus very bright in all colors, especially blue, extraordinarily so" NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #602.
Timocharis 1955 Aug 03 UTC 21:00 Observed by Firsoff (Sommerset, England, 6.5" reflector, x200) "Crater was bright in blue, seemed large & diffused." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #602.
Censorinus 2002 Mar 29 UT 05:27-05:36 Observed by Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" f/5 Newtonian, +Rotating polaroid visual densitometer) "Observations made following telephone alert call about Brook's report. Aristarchus, Proclus and Censorinus monitored for brightness variations from 04:41-05:37UT. Apart form a change in transparency due to cirrus cloud at 05:11-05:18, there were significant dimmings of the brightness of Censorinus at 05:36UT. Aristarchus remained constant" ALPO Lunar Section Report. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus-Herodotus 1969 Jan 04 UT 03:00-03:45 Observed by Taboada (Mexico) & Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector + Moon Blink) "Brightness increased slightly around Herod. & cleft (S.V?) became darker than previous day. The dark gray & pink formed yellowish at 0345h in whole region of Aris. Bluing around crater in Corralitos MB (photos?) (confirm. of activity at Aris.?)" NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1115. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus-Herodotus 1969 Jan 04 UT 03:00-03:45 Observed by Taboada (Mexico) & Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector + Moon Blink) "Brightness increased slightly around Herod. & cleft (S.V?) became darker than previous day. The dark gray & pink formed yellowish at 0345h in whole region of Aris. Bluing around crater in Corralitos MB (photos?) (confirm. of activity at Aris.?)" NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1115. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1988 May 11 (UT 20:30-20:55) C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60mm refractor, x28) found Aristarchus to be brighter than he would have expected. Compared to Proclus and Tycho. He observed from 20:55-22:38 and found it to be normal in brightness over this time. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1973 Nov 10 UTC 20:00? Observed by Coates (England, 8" reflector x200, Moon at gigh altitude above horizon). "Attracted to crater because of an orange hue extending towards Herod. Has seen this at other times. Thinks not a LTP, but actual color on ground."NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1381.
Observed by Bartlett (Batimore, MD, USA, S=4, T=5) "E.wall? blue glare. He was uncertain @it. Couln't focus it. Herodotus unaffected." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID 581. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus was not normal, but all the following features were: Mare Crisium, Proclus, Sinus Iridium, Grimaldi, and Tycho. Observed by Mellor and Fitton, UK. Observer notes that Aristarchus is brighter than Tycho when normal. Estimated variation was 25%. However the Moon was low and the Moon was yellow. Despite this the observer decided that the effect was real. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=32 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
P Moore, Selsey, Sussex, UK, used a 5" x250 scope and between 23:50UT on Jul 1st 1977 and 00:10UT on Jul 2nd 1977 observed Aristarchus. The south wall of the crater was reddish, extending down to the outer south east wall (IAU). However seeing was no better than III-IV and he was 99% sure that the colour was spurious. His report was submitted only in case any other observers reported something similar. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1958 Aug 30 UT 06:30-06:45 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4" reflector, x240, S=6, T=5) "Proc. Q. a bright spot on NE rim apparently a crater presented a very abnormal aspect. Extraordinarily large & at least 9 deg bright -- like EWBS on Aris. This spot is subject to large unexplained variations. At 97 deg col. in July, Q was also 9 deg bright but very small. At col.96 deg, 5 in May '58, col.99deg in Feb.'50, & 96 deg in Nov. '55 it was not seen at all. Assoc. with tonite was a distinct blue glare on NE rim, extending for short dist. & @ 2x as far as S." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #894.
Alphazen Alpha 1972 Oct 23 UT 22:10?-22:13? (Stoke-on-Trent, UK, 21cm Newtonian, x217, seeing very good). Flickering colours seen on the north field of Alhazen Alpha mountain. Above UTs estimated by the observer, but the duration of the effect was 3 minutes. Colouration centred on the hills that run north to south between Mare Anguis and Mare Crisium. The colour alternated from east to west about 2 or 3 times per second. The colour was not apparent to the north or south, or indeed on any other features. Telescope field of view moved, but effect stayed in the same place on the Moon. Moon't terminator scanned for 15 minutes afterwards, but the effect did not recur. The colour seen was mostly red, with a band of orange, and a strip of yellow nearest the hills, the proportions being 6:2:1. The bands seemed to arc up steep above the Moon's surface and flatten out over the mare surface either side of the hill features. No filters were used in the observation. Observer suspects some kind of diffraction spectrum to explain the larger dispersion in the red end of the spectrum. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1996 Jul 31 at 22:40UT P. Moore (Selsey, UK, 15" reflector, x300) noticed a lack of detail in the Cape Agarum area - he would normally have expected to have seen some craterlets. However he would not rate this observation much because the seeing was only III and he does not think that it was an obscuration. However just in case he wanted to record this report in the archives. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Schroter's Valley: Cobra Head 1824 Nov 08 UTC 00:00? Observed by Gruithuisen (Munich, Germany) "Mingling of all colors in small spots. Described a violet glimmer near Cobra Head & plateau that spreads; starts just after sunrise. Cameron 1978 catalog weight=4 and catalog ID=103. The ALPO/BAA catalog weight=3.
Plato 1870 Mar 19 UT 00:00? Observed by Gledhill? (halifax, England, 9" refractor) "Same group (of craters) as in Feb. illuminated. (if phase same as Apr. 1970 then date is Mar 19" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #165.
On 2006 Jan 16 at 05:44UT T. Bakowski (Orchard Park, NY, USA) observed a round dark object in 1 of 21 frames from a camera. The exposure was 1/250th sec. Seeing conditions were bad. The dark spot is east of Mons Vinogradov, at or near crater J. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Schickard 1939 Aug 02 UT 00:01 Observed by Moore (England, 12?" reflector) "Floor milky, walls almost vis. 2 bright pts. in area. not extending to extreme w.part of floor" NASA catalog ID #456. NASA catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Proclus 1958 Jul 03 UT 06:18-07:15 Obsrved by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector, x180, S=5, T=3) "Proc. C a remarkable phenom. of which he is certain. At beginning of obs. C was 5 deg bright & conspicuous -- its normal appearance at or nr. SS. At 0620 it suddenly became dull so as to almost vanish. By 0640 C was very dull-- 3.5 deg. An indep. check was made at 0715 with same instru. & it was still at 3.5 deg. Note C does not mean Proclus C but a notation system developed by Bartlett for features in and around Proclus". Cameron's 1978 NASA catalog weight=4 (high). Cameron's 1978 NASA catalog ID #688. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1993 Sep 02 UT2250-23:30 C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 70mm refractor, x100, seeing=III) noted that Cleomedes A was exceptionally bright and compared it with plate 4C in Henry Hatfield's Atlas. He had noticed it was bright earlier in the evening, but his attention was drawn to it at 22:50UT. By 23:07UT it was dimmer, with patches of cloud coming up and a slight deterioration in seeing. By 22:30 UT the crater was no longer exceptionally bright. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=466 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1990 Dec 03 at UT23:00-01:30 M.C. Cook (Frimley, Surrey, UK) noticed that the central peak of Aristarchus was quite bright and extended to a circular region in the east in the crater "sprout" area - Cameron suggests that this is Bartletts self defined EWBS area?. Beyond the rim to the east was very bright. However no colour effect was seen in filters. A sketch was supplied. Cameron notes the coincidence of perigee and full Moon. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID is 416 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1955 Oct 03 UTC 02:10-02:40 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector x180, S=1-0?, T=4) "Proc. D (his ID) normally a bright white spot on E. floor disappared as a dark spot, I=2.5 & barely disting. from 3deg gray. In July lunation it was seen as normal bright spot at col. 347.57, 359.36, 36.74 & 61.83 but vanished after 61.83. C.p. abnormally dark & close to floor intensity. At 1st failed to find it I=2.5 whereas it is normally 5.0." The cameron 1978 catalog ID=616 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
East of Plato 1961 Jun 29/20 23:00?-01:00 Observed by Granger and Ring (both in Italy) "Enhancement of spectrum in UV & Ca I recorded on photoelectric spectrometer scans" NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #742. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Cleomedes Alpha 1993 Sep 03 UT2200-22:20 G. North (UK, 18.25" reflector, x86 & x144) observed it to be a strikingly brilliant 'splodge' seen in the mostly shadow filled interior of Cleomedes, and around this splodge was a faint halo extending symetrically in an eastwards direction. The splodge was the mountain Cleomedes Alpha. Strangely no shadow from the mountain was seen to be cast onto the halo on the east. Observer alerted other observers by phone, and upon returning to the scope found that the splodge had faded in brightness and continued to fade over the next hour as one would expect from a mountain at sunset. Some heavy spurious colour was present. J. Cook & M. Cook (Frimley, UK) observed at 22:20-22:25 and found the bright splodge, but no halo. M. Cook re-observed later and confirmed normal fading of splodge. Roscoe observed from 00:30UT next day, but by that time Cleomedes Alpha had set and was no longer visible in the shadow filled floor. S. Beaumont had observed earlier at 20:00 but had recorded all as normal in Cleomedes. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=466 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Madler 1962 Apr 22 UTC 08:24 Observed by Wildey, Pohn (1st measurement) (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector with photometer) "Photometric measures show change in brightness from Vmag=3.79 to V=4.40. The average brightness for age 17d is V=3.99. Crater faded from .2 mag brighter than av. to .4 mag. fainter (@1.5 times fainter) than av., a range of .6 magnitude, or @ 1.5 times diff. in brightness". NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #757.
Plato 1938 Jul 15 UTC 06:50 Observed by Haas (12" reflector?) "Floor -- definitely green under same conditions as 5/17/38 (see #437). Kaiser after 90 obs. couldn't find any regularity to appearance of the brown color in Plato. I=3.7 comp. with I=2.0 on 6/15/38 (see #439-- color of ground?)." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #440.
On 1961 Jul 01 at UT 00:00? an unknown Miranova (Russia or Israel) obtained some spectral photometry of lunar objects. A spectral plate in 425 -> 500nm bands. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=743 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
In 1955 Oct 05 at UT 03:40-03:48 Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector, x180, S=6, T=5) observed in aristarchus an itenseley bright blue-violet glare on EWBS, E, and NE wall. The Cameron 1978 catalog IF= 620 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Jansen 2013 Aug 26 UT 00:30-01:30 P. Grego (Cornwall, UK, 20cm SCT, x200, seeing II, transparency good) observed a dark patch just east of Jansen D. He had not seen this before. There maybe a depression here hinted at in LOLA ndata. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2008 Oct 19 during 05:40-06:30UT D. Holt of Chipping, UK observed an anomalous patch of illumination just to the west of the centre of the Posidonius J crater. It is possible that this is just some high ground on the floor protruding through the shadow filled crater at sunset. Therefore this has been assigned a weight of 1 for now, just in case it is a TLP - until proven otherwise.
On 1973 Oct 17 at Ut 11:30 Androsan (Edmonton, Canada, 6" reflector, x230) observed a glow 1-2 sec reappearance of Saturn's rings at a place of ring's appearance on the dark limb. The observers attributed it to Saturn and its rings. Cameron speculates that it might be due to gas or dust at the lunar surface. Eye was attacted to the glow which delineated the limb at a position angle of 210 deg at emersion, at Earthshine at Edmonton. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1998 May 18 UT 02:00-03:16 C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60mm refractor, x112, seeing III) observed an obscuration of the central peaks of this crater. Copernicus ramparts were clearly visible. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.