Near Desseilgny in Mare Serenitatis (29E, 25N) 1971 Feb 01 UT 19:40- 20:15 Observed by Persson (Hvidore, Denmark, 2.5" refractor, x100, S=G) "Obscur. (blurred & dark) starting between Plinius & Menelaus moving towards Posidonius. Normal after 2 min. A little crater (white spot) periodically disappeared for several secs regularly every few min. There was haze above onlt this spot. A tiny crater SE of it was invis. till 2015h then became clear & steady. Color was reddish-brown. Drawing. (Apollo 14 watch)." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID 1293.
On 1891 Nov 07 at UT=19:00 d'Adjuda of Lisbon, Portugal (seeing fair) whilst observing Aristarchus noticed that the crater appeared as very distinct luminous point in the dark. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=275 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Messier 1981 Feb 10 UT 19:20-20:10 TLP discoevered by Hedley Robinson (Devon, England) "Messier was brighter than Aristarchus in both red and blue filters and also appeared indistinct, later becoming invisible - lost in a bright streak. In comparison Aristarchus was clear. Another observer, Amery confirmed that Aristarchus was sharp in appearance but Messier certainly was not. Cook likewiese found Messier not to be as sharp as Messier A dueto a big shadow in Messier A. Pedler found that the sun facing wall of Messier was OK but that the shadow was changing from black to grey periodically at intervals of 2-3 minutes to a few seconds. By contrast he found that Messier A remained quite well defined. He tried red and blue filters but found no blink effect. At 20:23UT Pedler found that the shadow had stabilized to a shade of "mid grey" although remaining ill-defined. North also found that Messier A was distinct but Messier itself was ill-defined. Moore found the same thing but thinks that this is normal for Messier under this illumination to appear indistinct. More also saw the grey interior shadow. Price saw similar appearance to Moore and suspected that this was normal for this stage in illumination. Ratcliffe suspected everything normal - just commenting that Messier was smaller and no detail in comparison to Messier A. Madej and Taylor provided a sketch that showed again a grey interior and merging with the east wall/mare. Foley found Messier's pale grey interior to be un- focusable but in comparison Messier A was sharp. He says that he would expect a grey interior and the east wall to merge with the mare. However the complete loss of deatil and variability were not normal. Cameron comments that the Kuiper atlas confirms the fuzzy indistinct appearance of Messier and that a Lunar Orbiter picture shows a grey shadow. The Cameron extended catalog weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Censorinus 1959 Sep 08 UT 22:45-23:50 Observed by Jean Nicolini (Brazil) "Much brighter than Proclus" NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #721. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 25 Jun 1993 at UT 23:30-23:52 Carlos Colesanti (Mairinque, Brazil) obtained two CCD images of Julius Caesar crater and noticed a brilliant fuzzy area on the rim of the crater. This appeared in both images and resembled a fuzzy white blob. Note that this is a REA-Brazil observation. ALPO/BAA weight=1. Cameron (2006) ID=463.
Cassini E 2002 Dec 11 UT 16:30-18:46 Observed by Knott (Liverpool, England, 216mm Newtonian, x216, red and blue filters used) seeing III, transparency good) "Observations carried out of the area extending from the Alpine Valley to the Crater Cassini. At 17:12 a pin point bright flash was seen NW of the rim of the crater E in white light. A 2nd pin point flash was also seen at 18:18, this time thru a blue filter. The 2nd flash was also seen on the NW rim of the crater E. The observer does not think this was a TLP as the seeing was III, but the flash was so bright as to be startling. Other peaks within the Alps were bright but were much less so in red and ble filters, where the rim of the crater E. NW edge was very bright in all filters, including white light. Incoming cloud prevented further observation." BAA Lunar Section report.
On 1982 Dec 22 at UT 19:20-20:10 J-H Robinson (Teighmouth, Devon, UK, 10" reflector, x150, seeing=IV-V) could not distinguish between Messier and Messier A. The tail of these features was very bright - two telescopes were used. Moore (Selsey, UK, 12" reflector, seeing=III) could see Messier A but found Messier itself obscured - just see the west wall and thought that the comet like tail was unusual as it did not appear divided. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=192 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1888 Jul 16 at UT 05:35? Holden, at Lick observatory, CA, USA saw a "Lunar Volcano, 1st magnitude star on the dark side. Yellow light tinged with red from refractor's secondary spectrum (facet glint? or peak catching sun before others? Hunt saw similar phenomenon in 1863." Corliss states that it was later revealed to be a mountain ridge near the southern termination of the Alpes. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=357 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1988 Feb 25 at UT20:00? P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector) found that Aristarchus was very bright (especially in the UV end of the spectrum) despite other features not being seen in Earthshine. The cameron 2006 catalog ID=318 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1886 Sep 06 UT 19:00? Observed by Valderama (Italy?) "Streak of light on dark floor of crater in shadow. (sunlight between peaks on walls?)" NASA catalog weight=0 (most unlikely to be a TLP). NASA catalog ID #251. ALPO/BAA catalog weight=1.
Plato 1967 Apr 18 UT 03:10-04:00 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 8" reflector x300, S=8, T-4-5). "Streak on floor showed slight enhancement in red filter comp. to blue. Later, a 2nd streak formed. Probably the sun shining thru a valley in the rim. Red enhancement permanent? (Wise suspected a blink here 6h earlier)." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1027. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
In 1824 Jul 04 at UT23:00? Emmett (England, UK) observed a star-like light on the rim (in the dark). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=100 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1916 Jul 8 UT 19:00? Observed by Markov (Russia) "Light on the shadow of the bands at the bottom (similar to #362)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #364. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Alphonsus 1990 Feb 03 UT 18:00-18:23 Observed by A.C. Cook (Frimley, UK, CCD video camera, seeing III-IV). At 18:06 W and SE dark floor patches, equally dark, but at 18:10 and 18:23 the W dark patch was the darker of the two?. Between 18:06 and 18:23 and a bright patch to the north of the central peak brightned slightly wrt the its surroundings. However seeing conditions worsened as the observing session progressed, and in view of this the ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1907 Jan 22 UT 20:00 Observed by Fauth (Germany?) "Glow of light in part of crater" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID 327.
On 1989 Feb 15 at UT 03:15-03:30 M. Dixon (Palenque Ruins, Mexico, 7x35 binouculars) observed a point of light that was very bright in or near Mare Humorum. It was visible for 5 minutes then vanished. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=353 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1971 Jul 31 at UT 21:40 (18:40 local time?) Miranda (Plaui, Brazil, 4" Refractor, 80x, 160x, Moon 70deg in altitude) observed an intermittent and curious brilliance on top of a peak (with irregular reflection) north of Mons Hadley (5E, 27N). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1302 and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1952 Feb 05 at UT 05:10 J.Carle (USA, 8" reflector, x180) observed the following in Plato: "A shadow in a depression, or a cloud, or an optical illus.? Oval dark area nr. center, disappeared in 15m clear & prominenet at first then vanished. 4 of 14 spots nr. center continuously seen while remaining ones seen only momentarily. (seeing?) Drawing includes sketch on March 7. His sketch shows 18 spots, 13 same as here". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=549 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1969 Mar 27 at UT 18:42-18:47 Ringsdore (England, 15" reflector, x350), Moseley (Armagh, Northern Ireland) and P. Moore (Selsey, UK) observed nothing unusual in Alphonsus at 18:40UT, but at 18:45UT Ringsdore saw a blurring. At 18:43UT Mosely saw a reddush-orange patch and this was confirmed by Moore. NNW of the central peak, Mosely got a blink, but Moore did not because of too much stray light. The colour was like Jupiter's red spot, but less pronounced. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1118 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Alphonsus 1966 Nov 22 UT 03:17-03:40 Observed by kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 8" relector x300) "Seen first with (Eng.) moon blink, red filter but not in the green. Not seen at 03:42h" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #998.
Copernicus 1932 Mar 16 UTC 18:45-19:30 Observed by Barker (Cheshunt, England, 12.5" reflector, x310) "Term. from Cop. to lat.20S was misty & hard to define. Rest was usual sharp definition. Mistiness cleared at 1930. Cleaned his eyepiece & prism but it persisted." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #402.
Archimedes 1973 Jan 13 UTC 19:06-19:40 Observed by Theiss (51N, 9.67E, 75mm refractor) "Yellow to green colours at wall of Archimedes, became stronger until 19:09UT, constant brightness until 19:10UT and dissappeared at 19:16UT" Ref: Hilbrecht & Kuveler (1984) Moon & Planets 30, pp53-61.
Proclus 1973 Jan 13 UTC 19:30-19:35 Observed by Krojer (48.25N, 11.5E, 60mm refractor) "North East wall of Proclus extraordinarilly bright, observation interrupted by fog." Ref: Hilbrecht & Kuveler (1984) Moon & Planets 30, pp53-61.
Gassendi 1967 Oct 13 UTC 19:17-20:00 Observers: Henshaw (Mansfield, UK, 8.5" reflector x112) and Corralitos Observator (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector) "Phenomenon (brightening ?) nr. NW (ast. ?) lasting for 3s. Cont'd for 45m but nothing else unusual, (nr. Gass or in it?). Corralitos MB did not confirm." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1050.
On 1882 May 27 ay UT 20:00 an unknown observer (10" reflector) saw a bright luminous ray near west (astronomical?) wall on floor of Plato. Cameron suggests sunlight between peaks?. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= 233 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Archimedes 1971 Aug 01 UT 22:00(?) (19:00 originally given probably local time) Miranda (Plaui, Brazil, 4" refractor, x80) observed two grooves going from east to west, broadening towards the west, across Archimedes. A drawing was supplied. Apparently this was the first time that this was ever seen. Cameron suggests rays? and also says that in fact a similar phenomenon reported before in neasrly the same position (Apollo 15 watch?). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1303 and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1980 Jul 22 at UT20:08-21:50 G.North (Sussex, UK, 8" reflector, x144 and x207, seeing III-V and transparency fair) suspected an obscuration on the north and north west wall. The effect came and went. May have been due to seeing and image contrast? Cameron 2006 catalog ID=101 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1987 Oct 03 at UT 01:0?0-02:00 R. Manske (Brooklyn, WI, USA, 8" reflector, x226) observed sunlight glinting of the walls in spectacular display of colours. White (even gold) was seen at the centre, and blue on the top most part of the rim. The white (or gold) band was thin in comparison to other bands. The observer suspects that this effect was terrestrial atmosphere related. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=307 and weight= 0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Ross D 1966 Nov 23 UT 04:50-05:02 Observed by Cross (Whittier, CA, USA, 19" reflector, x250 & 2390, S=4-5 (sometimes 6), T=4, excellent contrast) Activity level 5, eastern third of Ross D's circumference possibly partly obscured. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1998 Mar 08 UT 19:30-20:10 S. Beaumont (Windermere, UK, 30cm reflector, Meade 23A and 38A filters, seeing III, transparency fairly good, some haze) observed a whitish misty effect seen bordering the shadows of the SE rim. It appeared intermittently and was not seen in the violet or red filters. Observers wonders if it could have been an effect associated with the Earth's atmosphere, which was unsteady with some haze. However, other craters appeared normal. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1964 Jan 24 at 20:00? Scarfe (UK) obtained spactra showing luminescence? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=796 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1966 Apr 30 UT 21:30-23:28 Observed by Sartory, Ringsdore (England, 8.5" reflector, S=E), Moore, Moseley (Armagh, Northern Ireland, 10" refractor, S=VG), Coralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector, Moon Blink) "English moon blink system detected red spots with vis. confirm. Ringsdore says no color but saw obscuration. (LRL 60-in photos showed nothing unusual by my casual inspection). Indep. confirm. (even E. wall was in dark). Corralitos did not confirm by MB." N.B. event had finished by the time Corralitos came on-line. NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #931. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Near Hyginus 1959 Sep 13 UT Observed by Bradford (S.Shields, England, 15"? reflector), Feist, Lovas (Hungary), Moore, Wilkins (Kent, England, 7" refractor, x500) "Obliterated by a hovering cloud (Feist disagrees). Budapest obs. saw a cloud at 21:02:30, lasting 5 m. Moore & Wilkins saw burst of light & dust cloud at 21:02:35 (confirm.) Drawing by Lovas." NASA catalog weight=5 and catalog ID #722. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Littrow, 1959 Sep 13 UT Observed by Bradford (S.Shields, England, 15"? reflector), Feist, Lovas (Hungary), Moore, Wilkins (Kent, England, 7" refractor, x500) "Obliterated by a hovering cloud (Feist disagrees). Budapest obs. saw a cloud at 21:02:30, lasting 5 m. Moore & Wilkins saw burst of light & dust cloud at 21:02:35 (confirm.) Drawing by Lovas." NASA catalog weight=1 and catalog ID #722. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1906 Mar 06 UT 22:00? Observed by Fauth (Germany? 6" refractor) "Color (brightness?) greatly enhanced as it was to be on the next nite" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #324.
On 1991 Jan 26 at UT 23:38-23:50 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x159 and 3" refractor x90, seeing 5/10, transparency 3/6) found that Aristarchus was brighter through a red filter than through a blue filter on its western wall. He checked Aristarchus in two telecopes and obtained the same result. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=419 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Moon 1967 Apr 21 UTC 02:30-09:30 Observed by Dunlap et al (Corralitos Observatory, Organ PAss, NM, USA, 24" reflector + moonblink) "UV excess relative to red & visual images. Greatest (30%) at subsolar pt. nr. limb, grading down to 0% at term. Seen Apr 22 also with a gradient of 10% at term. to 25-30% at subsolar pt. (137 deg long). Filters well balanced. Neg. (normal) on Apr. 20 & 23rd. Bandpass 3700-4900A on image enhancement & filter equip. (coincided with Lyrid meteor shower. They had seen this phenom. many times since. NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #1039.
On 1980 Jul 23 at UT22:00 G.W. Amery (Reading, UK, 8" reflector, x144 and x207, seeing=III-V and transparency=fair) found that the interior shadow was a light grey. BAA TLP coordinator (Foley) suggests that this was light reflecting from the illuminated walls? Cameron 2006 catalog TLP ID=102 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1977 Apr 29 at UT21:40-23:20 an unknown UK observer reported a TLP in Gassendi crater. The following are reports by observers attempting to confirm activity: J.W. Napper (Didcot, UK, 30cm reflector, x287, Wratten 25 and 44a, conditions clear 5+) received a telephone alert call at 22:00 but the sky was cloudy until 22:30. An initial look revealed nothing unusual, then at 22:54 he observed a colour blink just inside the north wall, appearing bright in red and normal in blue or white light. No loss of detail seen and the effect lasted only 2 minutes. A sketch was made. However the observer stresses that the very bad seeing casts some doubt on this observation. L. Fitton observed using a 8.5" reflector, with Moon blink device at x200, seeing was I- II. All areas negative, including Gassindi from 21:40-21:55 and again 22;00-22:25 and finally 22:50-23:30 negative. Mike Brown (Huntington, York, UK, 30cm reflector, x220 and x350, seeing 3-4/5, and transparency 5/5) - observed from 22:00-23:25UT no colour seen, nor obsecuration, all filters negative, despite seeing a lot of fine setail inside this crater.
On 1987 Oct 04 at UT 02:20 D. Darling (sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x170, S=8, VG, T=5) obtained the brightest measurement he had ever recorded on the northern rim of Proclus. Brightness 9 and adjacent plain was of brightness 6.5. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=308 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1976 Oct 04 UT 20:55-20:58 Observed by Robinson (Devon, England) - observer noted that the east outside wall was bright in red and normal in blue. Note that the Moon was 30 deg above the horizon at the time of the observation. The crater returned to normal at 20:58. Also seen by Moore (Selsey, UK) and Foley (Kent, UK). At 21:25-21:50 D. Sims (Dawlish, UK, 25cm reflector, x300, seeing IV and some cloud at times) noticed a possible obscuration over the southern part of Gassendi. He had been observing earlier at 18:40-19:30 but had not detected a TLP in Gassendi then. 22:11UT Robinson notices that the spot outside the east wall is again bright in red., though by 22:25 it had faded and was gone by 22:28UT. The Cameron 1978 catalog further quotes: "Vivid red spots & general red color seen around rim by 2 obs. At 2209h blood red small area was seen. 1 h later the most westerly (IAU?) of the peaks had become hazy white all other areas were sharp. (Indep. confirm.)." Cameron 1978 catalog weight=5 and catalog ID #1454. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1966 May 01 UT 19:30-00:21 Observed by Sartory (UK, 8.5" reflector, x500, S=G), Moore, Moseley (Northern Ireland, 12.5" reflector x350, S=E) and by Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector + moon blink) "Eng. moonblink & obscuration, also vis. confirm (Moore & Moseley alerted by Sartory. Corralitos MB did not confirm. - but they may not have been observing at the ame time?)." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #932. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1980 Jul 24 at UT02:00 F. Graham (East Pittsburgh, PA, USA, 6" reflector) took some photos (albeit out of focus) that showed a bright spot on the west rim. Cameron comments that this spot was sharp compared to the rest of the photograph, so was probably a photographic artifact. The effect was not seen in the finder scope. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=103 and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1966 May 01 UT 21:55-22:45 Observed by Paterson, Brown, Sartory, Ringsdore (England, 12" reflector x252 for the former and 8.5"? reflector for the latter) "Eng. moon blink system detected red spots with vis. by all but Ringsdore. Brown saw intense white spot NW of crater wall" NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID 933. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
In 1949 Nov 03 UT 01:06 J.Bartlett (3.5" refractor, x100) noted that the floor of Herodotus was very dark, the east wall was very bright, and the floor contained a central bright peak. The BAA/ALPO weight=3.
Aristillus 1972 Dec 17 UTC 21:50-22:20 observed by Berger (51.5N, 9E, 60mm refractor, T=2, S=3) "Diffuse bright cloud in the NE corner of the crater" - Hilbrecht and Kuveler, Earth, Moon & Planets, 30 (1984), p53- 61.
On 2004 May 01 at UT 22:20 R. Lena (GLR, Italy) received an image from one of his observers showing possible blue colour in Aristarchus crater and part of the ray towards Herodotus. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus, Schroter's Valley 1963 Dec 28 UTC 01:15-02:00 Observed by Olivarez, Edinburgh?, TX?, USA, 17" reflector) "In poorer moments of seeing, red on Aris. rim & Sch. Valley. Spurious seeing effects?". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #788.
Aristarchus 1919 Jun 10 UT 19:00-19:30 Observed by Lapshin (Russia) a "Greenish-yellow light shone from inside the crater for 1/2 hr. after which it returned to normal. Violet tint on W. bank & surrounding area & the dark color of the saddle & dark spot were distinct. Term. slightly E. of Herodotus. (Ast. E)=IAU W." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #372. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1982 Dec 27 at UT 23:00 M. Price (Camberley, Surrey, UK, Seeing=III and transparency=good) observed that Piazzi-Smyth was brighter than Mon Piton at 23:00. Photographic atlas was checked to verify that this was abnormal. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=193 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1906 Mar 07 UT 22:00? Observed by Fauth (Germany? 6" refractor) "Color (brightness?) greatly enhanced as on the previous nite" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #324.
Moon 1967 Apr 22 UT 02:30 Observed by Dunlap et al. (Corralitos Observatory, Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector) "UV excess as in # 1029. Gradient was 10# at term. to 25-30$ at subsolar pt. (153 deg long)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #1031.
On 1980 Jul 24 at UT22:10-22:55 P. Moore (Selsey, UK, 15" reflector, x360 and x400) found an area just south east of the central peak (and upto the wall) to be quite dark in blue light, but normal brightness in red light or in white light. All other features were normal colour- wise. At 22:55UT Tycho was normal again. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=103 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 2004 May 02 at UT03:24 M. and L. van Son (Bremerton, WA, May 1st 7:24PM PST) saw a naked eye flash on the Moon. The observers were glancing up at the Moon in daylight when they saw a bright white flash (observer and his wife together) in the upper/mid Mare Serenitatis region, west of the crater Posidonius. "Larger than how Venus appears". "It was a quick flash like white, intense lightning. I'm not sure how to report degrees of arc but if the face we see is 900, and we start from the east then the flash occurred about 225 arc seconds to the west. This was observed by the naked eye, with clear skies between us and the moon." The observers checked for signs of aircraft vapour trails but could not see any. There is a possibility that it could have been sun glint from an Iridium satellite, but this needs to be checked out and usually these last longer than the observed effect. It would be useful to obtain whole Moon images under the same illunination and libration so that we can judge this observation properly. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Herodotus 1965 Jun 11 UTC 21:35-21:40 Observed by Porta, Garau (Mallorca, Baleares, 4" refractor x250) "Red glow in crater at 2140, then clouds stopped obs. After clouds, floor was abnormal rose color" NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #879. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Cobra Head 1966 May 02 UT 20:05 Observed by Sartory (England, 8.5" reflector x400) "Eng. moon blink detected red spots, seen visually also". NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #934.
Gassendi 1966 May 02 UT 20:18-20:19 Observed by Sartory (England, 8.5" reflector x400) "Eng. moon blink detected red spots, seen visually also." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #935.
On 1978 Mar 21 at UT 20:57 an Unknown observer observed a TLP in Aristarchus crater. The details for this report are still being looked up in the archives. In view of the uncertain details this TLP has been given an ALPO/BAA weight of 1.
Aristarchus 1982 Jul 03/04 UTC 20:55-01:08 Observed by Foley (Kent, UK, Seeing Antoniadi III) "Brightness variance" - CED 3.6-4.1-4.9. When the crater was dark it had a slate-blue-grey interior. Moore found the crater to be exceptionally bright and this was confirmed by J.D. Cook (CED 3.8-4.1). The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=174 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1982 Jul 03/04 at UT 20:45-01:08 J.D. Cook (Frimley, Surrey, UK) found the Mare Frogoris area, north of Plato was pink at 20:45UT. Saxton found flashes in Mare Frigoris and near thye Alps. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=174 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Interior craterlets could not be seen and some of the walls and exterior features were fuzzy. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
S. of Aristarchus 1951 Sep 13 UTC 14:00? Observed by Osawa (Japan, 6" reflector) "Bownish-red color, blue on NW rim of A." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #546.
On 1965 Jun 12 at UT > 00:00 an unknown observer (Porta?) reported that the area of Herodotus and the Cobra Head expanded and the colour went to rose. The next night the floor was normal. In filters, phenomenon accentuated in orange. The cameron 1978 catalog ID=880 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus, Schroter's Valley, Herodotus 1967 Apr 22 UT 21:45 Observed by Darnella (Copenhagen, Danemark, 3.5" refractor) & Coralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, New Mexico, USA (24" reflector + Moonblink). "Red pts. suspected in same areas as in #1030, but seeing was bad. (confirm by Schobel?). Corralitos MB did not confirm" NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1033. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
LeCroy Jr. and Sr. (Springfield, VA, 4.5" reflector, x75, x300, S=3, T= 4) observed the following in the Aristarchus and Herodotus region: "Both were fused together as an oval & had a bluish cast on the E.rim. In W#25 filter it was white. At 0100h albedo decreased from 10+ to 9.5 & more detail could be seen. Separation of the 2 craters began to be seen at 0007h, details much brighter, incl. c.p. in Aris. @ 0110h main brightness & blue tint shifted to N. rim. At 0116h the SW rim was brightest & no color. At 0122h ray was brightest & no color. At 0122h ray had decreased in length & more details seen in oval. At 0123h ray was broken & smaller, becoming very small at 0125h & at 0126. The knob was gone & the edges not bright any more. Albedo=9. Sketches. (Seeing variations meas. were 1/2s in length so LTP variations not due to local atm. cond. Alt. = 65 deg". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1416 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1976 Oct 04 UT 21:30 P. Moore (Selsey, UK, x400, seeing poor) observed redness in the c.p. area. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2009 Jan 09 at UT 20:00 P. Brierley (UK) took a CCD image of the Aristarchus area - P.Grego upon examining this comments that he thinks that Schiaparelli crater looked "muted in brightness -- it is normally quite bright to look at". Though Grego comments that it might have something to do with the image processing aplied to the image. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Eratothenes 1954 Jul 14 UT 04:18-05:00 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector, x150, S=4, T=3) "Violet glare on E. wall bright spot (EWBS)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #565. ALPO /BAA catalog weight=3.
On 1964 Jan 27 at 21:00? Scarfe (UK) obtained spactra showing luminescence? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=797 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Alphonsus 1966 May 03 UTC 21:30 Observed by Smith (England, 10" reflector) and Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector, Moonblink) "Reddish patches. Not confirmed by Corralitos MB (but in their report they give the feature as Gassendi)." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #936. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1987 Mar 13 at UT 20:52 M. Mobberley (Suffolk, UK, S=VG) obtained some video that shows variation in Aristarchus crater e.g. ä visual oddity in the SE corner" (Foley was interpreting the video). H.Hatfield took some film of the TLP (Unstudied yet). The Cameron 2006 catalog ID= 301 and the weight=5.
On 1987 Mar 13 at UT 20:52 M. Mobberley (Sussex, UK) found that Mons Pico varied in its north east section. This was recorded on video tape. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=301 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Godin UT 02:15-03:05 Observed by Porter (Narragansett, Rhode Island, USA, 6" refletor, 45, 90x, S=P?, T=2) "Albedo change in some pts. yellow-orange color on rim. Wondered if it were atmos. LTP albedo= 7,7,7,6.5. Normal albedos=7,7.5,6.5,6.5 for same pts. Nearby plain albedos =6. LTP from 0250-0300h. Intensity normal at first;pts in W. decreased & N.pt increased. No difference in intensity in red filter till suddenly it jumped out & became vis. above the high background albedo. Sketch. He thinks it was atm. seeing" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1370.
On 1980 Aug 25 at UT06:55-07:10 Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" reflector, x40-150, seeing=4 and transparency=4) found the west wall bands of Aristarchus to be faint initially and at 07:00 a pale red colour appeared suddenly (and lasted for 2 minutes) on the inner south east wall, and then into south west BS to the west BS. "BS" meaning in Bartlett's notation a bright spot. There was no violet glare this time. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=106 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1969 Apr 01 UT 18:35 Observed by Kozyrev (Crimea, Ukraine, 40" reflector). "Spectrograms of an unusual red spot on W. slope at ?=.405, eta=.680. Spot = 1-2 km in diam. Molecules identified were N2 & C2. Later thru clouds crater was bluer in Corralitos (New Mexico) MB (confirm. of activity at Ariz. ?)." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1119. ALPO/BAA weight=5.
Madler 1940 Sep 16 UT 02:10 Observed by Haas (New Mexico? USA, 12" reflector?) "Bright spot on S. rim was I=5.8 comp. with 8.9 on Aug 17 (see #470)." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID # 473. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1967 Apr 24 UT 02:50 K.Simmons (Jacksonville, FL, USA, 10" reflector) observed a large bright (intensity 6.5) oval area on near the central floor. According to Ricker and Kelsey (ALPO selected area coordinators) this is unusual. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1969 Sep 25 at 19:00?UT Azeau (Paris, France, 12" reflector, x100, Seeing = good, altitude=20 deg) observed during an eclipse brilliant points for 30 minutes in Ross. Cameron says that the date given originally (16th Sep) was wrong because the age was 5 days and not full Moon. There was however a peumbral eclipse on Sep 25th at 20:10 (max). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1201 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1950 Sep 26 at UT 02:52, 03:10 Reid (Montreal, Canada, 6" reflector x48) and Venor (Montreal, Canada, 12" reflector) observed a brightening, fading, and brightening in Aristarchus crater during totality. There was a phosphorescent glow (date not given but times match this eclipse). cameron suggests that this is a confirmation report. The cameron 1978 catalog ID=538 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1964 Jan 28 at 21:00? Scarfe (UK) obtained spactra showing luminescence? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=798 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1975 May 25 at UT 05:00-06:00 an unknown US observer took a photograph of a lunar eclipse that shows Aristarchus gleaming white. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1406 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1975 May 25 at UT 05:00-06:00 an unknown US observer took a photograph of a lunar eclipse that shows a bright spot on the east (IAU?) rim of mare Serenitatis (Romer?). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= 1406 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
eclipse an unconfirmed impact flash on the Moon. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1938 May 14 at UT 05:00-09:25 deWitt (Nashville, Tennessee, 12" reflector) observed during an eclipse the fading of the dark spot in Riccioli to be pronounced. Cameron says that the mid eclipse was at 03:39, photos?. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=436 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1903 Apr 11 at UT 23:44 Zlatinsky (Russia) observed the following for Tycho? or Aristarchus?: "Dur. a lunar eclipse a bright extension of lunar (rays?) in shadow for 30m until mid-ecl." was seen. W.W. Magness (England, UK, 3" refractor) also saw two bright streaks of light, either side of the uneclipsed crsecent of the Moon. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=217 and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1906 Aug 04 at UT 12:30-13:30 Ward (England?) observed during a lunar eclipse Aristarchus to shine conspicuously. Cameron says that UT time is on the new system (as opposed to local time) with the mid eclipse at 13:00UT. The cameron 1978 catalog ID=325 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1910 Apr 01 at UT 22:00-23:00 LeRoy (France?) during an eclipse, observed Tycho to be visible as a very bright spot standing out in the slate grey shadow. Apparently only Tycho was seen during the elipse. The mid eclipse point was at 22:14UT. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=236 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
1924 Aug 14 UT 20:00 Herodotus observed by Chernov (Russia, 2" refractor?). Weak luminescence seen in mid lunar eclipe. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=390 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
eclipse an unconfirmed impact flash on the Moon. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1968 Mar 14 UT 01:32-02:06 Observed by Olivarez, Maley, Etheridge (Edinburgh, TX, USA, 17" reflector, x125 + Moon Blink) and Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector, Moon Blink) "S=5 (F-G) for the TX observations. "Trident Moon Blink on S. wall creet & c.p. & white spots in crater. No color seen vis. Blink not seen earlier or later. Other craters blinked some but not as strongly. Only Aris. areas blinked when Moon blink was moved around. Observers consider blinks real. Alt. of moon was 50 deg. Drawings. Corralitos say they did not confirm, but they rep't Copernicus, not Aris." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #1062.
Moving glows seen around the middle of the disk during a lunar eclipse. It is possible that the TLP referred to might have been from the 1783 Mar 18 eclipse instead?
On 1881 Dec 05 at UT 17:09 Johnson observed a dark lunar eclipse. Aristarchus was seen as a white spot in the coppery disk and continued so. Cameron comments that this is the normal apeparance in an eclipse? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=226 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1978 Sep 16 at UT 18:28-18:57 G.Searle (Concord, Sydney, NSW, Australia, 8" reflector, x100, x160, S=III) observed a bright star-like point on the western (IAU) edge of Mare Tranquilitatis (x100) that appeared unlike any other crater and a check of the location revealed no suitably bright crater in that region (from a map?). Changed to a higher power (x160) and it was still there, but not as conspicuous. Observer thinks that this may have been due to the Moon's low altitiude (16 deg) and the seeing. At 18:35 he compared it to the brilliant crater Proclus and found the star-like point to be 75% of the brightness of Proclus. Ken Wallace (Australia) had been taking photos and observed the object at 17:37.5UT. The object gradually faded over the next 15 minutes and by 18:52UT could only be seen in averted vision at x100. By 18:57UT it was gone. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=38 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
In 1954 Jan 19 at UT 03:00 Porta (Mallorca, Baleares, Spain, 3" refractor, x50) observed the following during a total lunar eclipse: "3 brilliant yellowish-white spots between Picard & Peirce. Phosphor. light distinguished easily against gray-green background of mare. Irreg., intermittent. Did not perceive them all dur. totality. Next day had impression that all of area was less clear & lightly veiled.". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=561 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1942 Aug 26 at UT 04:00 Haas (New Mexico?, USA, 12" reflector?, very clear sky and good seeing) observed (during an lunar eclipse) found an unmistakable lightening of a dark albedo area in Atlas. This area returned to normal darkness during the 4 houres after Atlas re-entered sunlight. Cameron says that the mid eclipse was at 04:00. The Cameron 198 catalog ID=489 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1971 Aug 06 UTC 03:45 Observed by Nelson Travnik (Matias Barbosa, Minas, Brazil, 6" refractor) "Color photo showing crater very bright comp. with all other features. Says glare at Aris. (seen vis. ? Apollo 15 watch? Date typed 06-08-71. European format? if date = June 8, aux. data are same except solar 3-.14+ & fates & times of Perigee, apogee, & FM differ)." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1304. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1954 Jan 18 at UT 23:30-03:30 Dubois (Floira, France) observed in Oceanus_Procellarum and East Mare Fecunditatis, during a lunar eclpise (mid eclipse at 03:00) a spectrographic excess luminescence: 1) waxing totality max. sready near 445nm at 50' from centre of umbra; 2) waning tolatity, 470-505nm, max near 490nm, 25% at 50' from centre of umbra. Other observers noted a thin sliver of white on the edge of the Moon, despite it being in totality. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=560 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 1978 Sep 16 at UT19:30 R. McKin (Colchester, Essex, UK, 216mm reflector and binoculars) observed that Aristarchus, in the lighter region, during the lunar eclipse, was duller than usual but no less conspicuous than expected. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=38 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1964 May 26 UT 04:10-04:35 Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, S=5, T=5). observed that Aristarchus had a strong blue-violet glow on the east wall and EWBS, with a strong violet tinge on the nimbus. Crater was hazy, could not focus it in red, green or blue light. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1982 Jan 09 at UT18:46-21:42 P. Moore, (Selsey, UK) and others found that Aristarchus and Plato changed in brightness and colour during a lunar eclipse. Aristarchus was especially bright during the lunar eclipse. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=162 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1982 Jan 09 at UT 18:46-21:42 P. Moore (Selsey, UK) and other observers noted Censorinus was exceptionally bright. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=162 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1982 Jan 09 at UT18:46-21:42 Henderson, Sykes and Radley saw an obscuration near Le Verrier - a completely circular halo with dark mare showing through it for a duration of 15 minutes. This was during a total eclipse of the Moon. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=162 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1982 Jan 09 at UT21:37 P. Moore (Selsey, UK) observed that Plato underwent brightness and colour changes, during a total lunar eclipse. At 20:07UT Madej observed a "slight anomaly in Plato". Cameron 2006 catalog ID=162 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1982 Jan 09 at UT 18:46-21:42 M.Mobberley (UK) observed that Schmidt was very bright compared to its surroundings during a total lunar eclipse. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=162 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1982 Jan 09 at UT18:46-21:42 Bouron (UK?) observed that the west limb, during a total lunar eclipse, had dark orange on it. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=162 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1984 Dec 07 at UT 19:30-23:30 M. Mobberley (St Edmunds, UK, seeing=IV-V, transparency=good, spurious colour seen) found 2 bright pathces on the east rim on alternate sides of a bright region. The band from the central 16km wide region was dark on the east side. Foley (Kent, UK, 12"reflector, seeing=II-III) found Aristarchus to be not as bright as normal, apart from the band that Mobberley found (1 hour later). The dark regions were a murky green colour (bright through green, blue and yellow filters and dark through red and orange filters). Cook (Frimley, UK, transparency=excellent, CCD camera used) found a bright "bulge"on the eastern side. Apparently data suggests that the band was brighter in red than in near IR light. Cook's calibrated brightness measurements suggest that there was no change in brightness over the crater with time. Two other bright points were seen: one at the Cobra's Head and another half way between the east rim of Aristarchus and passes Herodotus. Wratten 29 (deep red), Wratten 87 (near IR) and combined Wratten 29 and Wratten 87 were used. In the red Wratten 29 filter the brightness falls at22:20 at Shroters valley and then rises in the bright ray. They return to normal at 22:30UT. There was however a lot of measurement noise from the brightness readings of points B and D. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=256 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1963 Dec 30 at UT11:00 many observers reported seeing a red glow on the North East (IAU?) limb of the Moon. This was also captured on a photograph. Cameron suggests eclipse geometry as an explanation. Thye Cameron 1978 catalog ID=792 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1953 Jan 29/30 UT 23:00?, 01:00? Dubois (Floirae, France) observed excess luminescence, in Mare Fecunditatis, between 420nm and 470nm (maximum at 435nm) and between 480nm and 520nm (maximum near 505nm). 20-60% during eclipse at 50' from the centre of the umbra, during a lunar eclipse. The cameron 1978 catalog ID=557 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 2000 Jan 21 UT04:40 G. Emersen (Golden, CO, USA, 30cm focal length lens with Wratten 25 ref filter) took 43 CCD images of the eclipse of the Moon and on one of them at 04:40UT (exposure 0.3 sec) a relatively bright spot appeared in the southern part of Mare Fecunditatis. The spot looks sharper than the rest of the Moon and so might be a cosmic ray? CCD images taken from Washington D.C. by A.C. Cook at this time, do not show this spot, however exposures were at intervals of 0.25 sec and so might have missed this spot if it happened during image readout. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1953 Jan 29-30 UT 23:05-01:40 G. Brown (UK?) observed a white patch of light of low brightness was seen to move around the north polar area. Coloured bands were also seen on the Moon.
On 1877 Feb 27 at UT19:19 Prof. Dorna (Turin, Italy) observed a flickering light on the lunar surface during a lunar eclipse. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=186 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1848 at UT 21:00 Rankin and Chevallier (France?): Luminous pts. seen during an eclipse. Cameron ays that year 1847 given by Middlehurst must be wrong as age is 2.7 days for this date in 1847 and could not be 18- 19 as in Middlehurst because eclipse is on the 19th at 21h (mid) in 1948. aux. data here are for 1848. At 21:12 Forster (England) and Bruges (France) observed rapid changes in red colour. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=126 and 127 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1915 Mar 22 at UT 11:30-12:30 Jackson (France?) observed Aristarchus during a total lunar eclipse: "Dur. totality there remained vis. to the NW a red luminous pt. not much larger than Mars & of the same color". (date & time is old system and has been converted by Cameron). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=343 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 2000 Jun 15 UT 20:37 C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60mm refractor, x117 & x40, seeing good, transparency excellent) observed abright spot on the north rim of Mare Crisium (57E, 25N). It was comparable to the illuminated rim of Proclus in brightness. No colour seen. The spot was not visible the next night. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1895 Mar 10 L. Swift et. al (Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, AZ, USA) and Elger et al. (England), observed during a total lunar eclipse that Aristarchus was glowing with brilliance never seen before. This attracted everyones attantion. It extended its radiance to adjecent craters (e.g. Herodotus) all throughout totality. At the subsequent eclipse in September 1895 it was seen to be inconspicuous. the Cameron 1978 catalog ID=283 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1927 Dec 08 at 20:00 Bogdanovich (Russia) Picard: "Crater, after coming out of shadow after ech. was unsually hazy. next FM it was back to normal". The cameron 1978 catalog ID= and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1898 Dec 27 at UT 23:00-00:00 Stuyvaert (France?) found that Aristarchus was brilliant during an eclipse. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=302 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Thaetetus 1902 Oct 16 UT 18:10? Observed by Cherboneaux (Meudon, France, 33" refractor) "Unmistakable white cloud formed close to it." NASA catalogue weight=3. NASA catalogue ID #313. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1917 Jan 08 at UT 07:30-08:30 Ellison (England?) observed a point on the rim of Dionysius that shone like a star for some time after entering the shadow during an eclipse (mid eclipse at 07:42. date given as 1/7/17 19:30-20:30 local time). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=366 and the weight=2, The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Moving glows seen around the middle of the disk during a lunar eclipse.
On 1888 Jan 28 ~UT 23:20 Dyer observed that in this fairly bright lunar eclipse was a dark isosceles triangle, with the base to the north. Other observers noted this effect.
On 1956 Nov 18 J.P. Bagby organized a lunar eclipse observing session in the USA. He recorded 35 bright objects against the Moon, 5 of these were seen by 3 other observers. J. Mavrogianis and 4 other observers observed 25 transient luminous objects - mostly stationary yellow flashes. However another group at Cheyenne noted a 4 sec duration light. This report is described in H. Hars "The Total Lunar Eclipse of November 18, 1956", Strolling Astronomer, 11:64, 1957.
On 1963 Jul 06 at UT 23:00 (estimated) Chernov (Russia) observed in Atlas 2 large spots that were not visible in penumbra after totality. The cameron 1978 catalog ID=775 and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1971 Aug 06 at UT 21:00 Chernov (Crimea?, Ukraine, Soviet Union) observed that two large spots in Atlas were not visible in the penumbra after totality (brighter than normal?). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= 1306 and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1891 May 23 at 18:36-19:15 UT, Jackson of Sheffield, England, using a 6" refractor, saw "1/2 hour before the end of a totl eclipse, a region of the crater and just north of it, become conspicuous and increased in brightness from then on" Cameron thinks this is just the edge of the shadow and possibly normal. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=268 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1978 Mar 24 UT16:10-17:45 Anderson (England?, 8" reflector, x55 and x155). Censorinus seemed brighter than normal. Cameron 2005 catalog report ID=26 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1978 Mar 24 UT16:10-17:45 Anderson (England?, 8" reflector, x55 and x155). noticed a faint twinkling star like point in Dionyius - remained constant but when changed to x155 at 16:25 the effect was at the limits of visibilty. - suspected that this was due to the atmospheric conditions. However this effect was not seen in Aristarchus. By 16:45 the twinkling area got brighter, but went back to normal at 17:45. Cameron 2005 catalog report ID=26 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
In 1954 Jul 16 at UT 01:12 Chernov (Russia, 2" refractor, x33) observed the following for Aristarchus: "Activity noted in it * in extension of Moon's shadow on sky for 12 min during .17phase of ecl.(source gave date as June 16, but ecl was July 16)". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=566 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Bright light seen during eclipse. Date given as 8th but the Full Moon was on 6th according to Goldatine's "New & Full Moon's"). ALPO/BAA catalog weight=1. Cameron catalog weight=3. Cameron Catalog ID: 4. Julian date 1096 Aug 06. Gregorian date 1096 Aug 12.
On 1905 Aug 15 at UT 03:30 Rey (Marseilles, France) observed Tycho during a lunar eclipse to be visible, indeed it was described as brilliant during the eclipse (mid eclipse 03:31UT). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=322 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1967 Nov 17 UTC 18:36-18:50 Observed by Moore, Moseley (Armagh, Northern Ireland, 10" refractor x260) "Faint blink under SW wall. Nothing seen vis. Gone by 1839h. Reappeared at 1841, then gone by 1850h. Checks till 0200h were neg. Obs. dubious of reality of phen." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #1054. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Kepler 1967 Oct 19 UTC 05:00 Observed by Classen (Pulnitz Obs. East Germany, 8" reflector) and Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector + moonblink) "It was 1 mag brighter than aristarchus when normally Aris. is 0.3mag. brighter than Kep. Corralitos MB did not confirm." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalogue ID #1052.
On 1906 Feb 08 after a lunar eclipse, Frost and Stebbins determined that Linne had enlarged by 1" in size.
On 1967 Apr 26 at UT 03:00 Kozyrev (Crimea?, Soviet Union) observed Gas luminescence in Aristarchus crater. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1069 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
In 1954 Jul 17 at UT06:50-07:15 Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, S= 5, T=5-1) observed near Aristarchus: "Pale violet tint on surface NE of crater, no color elsewhere". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=568 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
LaLande 1973 Jul 17 UT 03:30-03:45 Observed by Galgoey (Washington, NJ, USA, 2" refractor x46, x117), S=VG, T=5) "Star-like pt., variations, 1- 2s, seen only at 40x, not at higher powers. LTP albedo =10, normal=8, nearby plain =6 (geom, instrum. & atm. & refl. material at site effects?)" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1371.
(Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector x180) "Strong violet glare on E. rim, changing to brown. At 0220 dark viol. in nimbus, at 0235 viol. changed to brown. At 0255 viol. suddenly reappeared, but faded to invis. at 0300. Again at 0308 reapp. Only time he ever saw such color changes." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID 583. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1940 Sep 19 UTC 06:00 Observed by Haas (New Mexico, 12?" reflector) "Largest bright spot in SE part of floor, had I= 6.7, but 6 for last nite & 5.6 on others (see #'s 469, 472, & 474)." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #475. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1980 Mar 04 at UT10:30-10:34 D. Darling (Sun Prairie, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x344) detected a pin-point light in the shadowed area of Mare Crisium that varied in brightness then faded. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=84 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1990 Jan 14 at UT 01:14-01:55 M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing=poor) observed that Aristarchus did not appear normal for this illumination. the northern half of Aristarchus was "2x>" than the southern half of the crater. There were two white patches of apron material near to the crater Herodotus that were 50% of the brightness of the southern half of Aristarchus. Furthermore the southern half of Aristarchus had a circle - "dull patch on inner S wall with a bright point shining through it. (Bartlett's EWBS?)". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=389 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Furnerius A 1983 Jan 02 UT 00:10 H. Hill (UK) observed that this crater was piercingly bright, which he thought was a bit unusual. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Cleomedes 1991 Dec 23 UTC 22:50 Observed by Mizon (Colehill, Dorset, UK, 8" f/6 reflector x216) "Oval or pear-shaped ashy glow visible for 2 min, then vanished quite suddenly" - Ref. personal communication received by BAA Lunar Section.
Plato 1938 May 17 UTC 08:00 Observed by Haas? (New Mexico?, USA, 12" reflector?) "Floor-least bit greenish (other colors on other dates, e.g. Je 23, 7/22/37, & 7/15/38)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). ALPO/BAA weight=2. NASA catalog ID #437.
Peirce A (Swift=IAU name?) 1937 Dec 23 UTC 22:00 Observed by Wilkins (England, UK, 12.5" reflector) "Obscuration on floor if crater. Crater invis. (similar to #394, 396)." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #412.
On 2005 Oct 21 at UT 13:07-14:27 R. Gray (Winnemucca, NV, USA, 15cm F/9 refractor, x228, seeing 4-5, transparency 5-6) observed a possible TLP in Macrobius. His report is as follows: "Blinked Macrobius with Wratten Filters Blue 38A and Red 29. Macrobius became almost invisible through the Blue 38A and essentially the same as in white light through the Red 29. The interior of the crater was completely in shadow. The only part of the east wall that was visible was an apparent high point still in the sun and seen as a bright point of light. This faded into darkness before 13:56UT. No sign of any illumination of the east wall crater interior or the interior of the west wall was seen during the observation period. The outer west wall was a rough looking, complicated mix of deep shadow and illuminated sunlit terrain." The observer concluded that there was not a TLP - although he did get a filter reaction, this may have been due to the different densities of the filters? ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Macrobius 1898 Dec 31 UTC 20:00 Observed by Goodacre (Crouch End, England, 12" reflector) "Interior nearly filled with shadow at sunset. Inner E.wall very bright-a distinct penumbral fringe to black shad. cast on it from W.wall. Seen best using high powers. (Firsoff & MBMW give date as just 1895 but must be wrong-phase - see app.ref.)" NASA catalog weight=4 and catalog ID #304. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1989 Aug 20 at UT13:55 M. Lucas (Melbourne, Australia, naked eye) witnessed a "pin-point flash" in the middle of the lower right quadrant of the Full Moon. Foley suspects that this was in the Proclus region? The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=374 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1989 Jan 26 at UT 03:45 De Groof (Belgium) noted a white few second long flash from Copernicus crater. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=347 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Messier A 1951 Oct 20 UT 00:00? Observed by Moore (England) "Brilliant white circular patch in it. has seen it & Messier blurred several times." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #545 Note that the date and time given are probably wrong as the Sun is ~7deg below the local horizon at this time. ALPO/BAA weight=1 to reflect this error.
Aristarchus 1957 Oct 13 UT 07:00?$ W.Haas, according to the 1978 NASA Catalog is supposed to have seen a bright spot of light -- "explosion" in this crater. Confirmation of activity in Aristarchus - Three independent observations within 4 hours. Cameron 1978 catalog weight=5 and TLP ID No.=676. Private comunication with Haas shows that he recorded nothing unusual on the 12th or 13th. Therefore an ALPO/BAA weight of 1 has been given until this matter is cleared up.
On 1991 Jul 31 at UT 07:50 D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, 3" refractor) observed that the south floor of Aristarchus was wellow - "almost gold, spilled over S wall on ray toward Herodotus". Cameron comments that Bartlett often reported a yellow floor but not a spill of the colour over to the external ray. Cameron also comments that Louderback's refractor would refract more in blue light than in yellow, therefore she did not think that it was due to chromatic aberation. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=431 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1991 Jul 31 at UT 07:50 D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, 3" refractor) found that all of Mons Piton was "unusually dark". Points D, C (E and S resp), usually brightest points, but this time were not bright. "Whole mt was as dark as W wall usually is at this time. In violet filter Piton disappeared completely, but was a little brighter in red filter and points D & G showed. Color not seen by eye. No albedo measured. Suggests red event." Cameron rules out chromatic aberation from Louderback's refractor. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=431 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1975 Jun 28/29 UT 23:00-01:20. Foley (Wilmington, UK, 12" reflector, seeing, III, good clarity transparency). At 23:00, 00:30, and 01:15 blue was seen on the inner wall:floor southern boundary, and red on the corresponding northern floor:wall boundary. However by 01:20, blue was now on the S-NW floor:wall boundary, and red on the NE-SE floor:wall boundary. Atmospheric spectral dispersion existed in many regions, but did not change like the colours in Plato. Similar appearance craters such as Grimaldi, Schickard, and Riccioli, were checked for a similar change in colour, but no change was noticed in these. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Stochard of Dublin, Ireland, saw naked eye at 10:30UT on 1862 Nov 12 Aristarchus as extraordinarily bright as a bright spot on the Moon. This was seen in daylight with the waning crescent. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=6 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Callipus 1952 Sep 09 UT 21:00-21:20 Observed by Moore (England) "Hazy broad line of light seen fr. NW wall to SE wall over shad. floor. Gone next nite at 0120. He gave low wt. to obs. (sunlight between peaks?)." NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID #553. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1975 Jun 29/30 UT 23:05-00:30. Foley (Wilmington, UK, 12" reflector, seeing, III, good clarity transparency). At 23:05, blue was seen on the inner wall:floor southern boundary, and red on the corresponding northern floor:wall boundary. However by 00:30, blue was now on the W floor:wall boundary, and red on the E floor:wall boundary. Atmospheric spectral dispersion existed in many regions, but did not change like the colours in Plato. Similar appearance craters such as Grimaldi, Schickard, and Riccioli, were checked for a similar change in colour, but no change was noticed in these. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1991 Dec 28 at UT 02:10 P. Moore (Selsey, UK) could see no detail on the floor of Plato crater. This report needs to be read in context with the comments by Cameron for A.C. Cook's observation of the floor of Plato on 1992 Jan 18 - Cameron 2006 catalog ID=438.
On 1974 Jun 12 at UT0256 an unknown observer noted a dark blob on the northern edge of the floor of Pitatus crater.
Grimaldi 1998 Mar 22 UT05:15-06:00 S. Beaumont (Windermere, UK, 127mm rich field refractor, seeing III, transparency Good) observed that the northern half of Grimaldi seemed much lighter than the southern half. She comments that she has seen this before in last quarter phases, but it was really quite marked how lighter the northern half was on this occasion. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1964 Jun 28 at UT 08:20-09:10 Schmidling, St Clair, and Platt (Riverdale, New York, USA, 8" reflector, x256) observed in the Aristarchus, Herodotus, Schroter's valley area: two red spot glows, glimmer, looked like ruby gems. Cameron says that the date was predicted by Greenacre and looked for. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=817 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1983 May 15 at UT21:30-22:30 M.C. Cook and J.D. Cook (Frimley, UK) could clearly see Aristarchus in Earthshine, whereas earlier that night P.W. Foley (Kent, UK) could not see the crater although other features were cisible. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=215 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1991 Dec 09 at UT 22:50 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3" refractor, x36) witnessed a flash in Grimaldi crater. Cameron comments that others had seen a flash there earlier, and there was a meteor swarm. Fritschel (madison, WI, USA, naked eye observing) detected 3 flashes in Grimaldi and also at the western limb of the Moon. D. Weier (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3" refractor, x36) was also observing. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=436 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1991 Dec 09/10 at UT 23:53-00:12 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3" refractor, x36) witnessed a flash in Grimaldi crater. Cameron comments that others had seen a flash there earlier, and there was a meteor swarm. Fritschel (madison, WI, USA, naked eye observing) detected 3 flashes in Grimaldi and also at the western limb of the Moon. D. Weier (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3"refractor, x36) was also observing. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=436 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2010 Dec 09 at UT 17:00 A. Heath (Long Eaton, UK) whilst observing the Earthsine with 10x50 binoucluars, noticed some coloured bands on the night side. The NW sector of Eartshine, closest the limb was a normal dull brown, there was a whitish fringe on this going from the N to the SE, followed by a thicker bluish fringe. The rest of the Earthshine beyond, until reaching the illuminated crescent was black. The two coloured fringes curved slightly. Local temperature 38F and some broken cloud present. Thickening cloud prevented further observations. The observer suspects that it could have been caused by the weather conditions, but could also have been due to a cataract starting to form in his observing eye. This is unlikely to be a TLP due to the above observer suggested reasons, and anyway it would have to have been an unbelievably large phenomena to cover such a large part of the Moon. However it is worth checking to see if anybody else was observing at the time. ALPO/BAA weight=0.
1837Mar11 UT 15:27 (20:48 local time) T.G. Taylor (Madras, India) whilst observing a star being occulted, noticed a 6th magnitude nebulous spot where Aristarchus should be. Had never seen anything quite as bright as this on previous occasions (except the day before). ALPO/BAA weight=2.
North shore of Mare Crisium 1915 Dec 11 UT 06:00? Observed by Thomas (Glenorchy, Tasmania) "star-like pt. on N. shore of mare. (Eimmart?) Particularly bright spot. Tho't it was sunlight from rim of sm. crater." NASA catalog weight=0 NASA catalog ID #358. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
W.limb 1983 May 16 UT 22:00-23:00 R.Moseley (Coventry,UK, 6" reflector, x60) observed a faint but extensive brightening of the W.limb, perhaps a little stronger at PA=80-90 deg. No other features seen in Earthshine although Aristarchus suspected. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Daniell 1979 Apr 02 UT 21:45-22:14 Obseved by Madej (Huddersfield, UK, 158mm reflector, f/4.2, x36-110, seeing II-III) "Obscuration seen" BAA Lunar Section Report. Cameron says that this was a bright white cloud that covered three quarters of the crater. A yellow filter was used at 21:48, but the cloud was still white, albeit thinner (at x110). By 22:14UT the TLP was barely visible and again no colour seen. Buczynski (Lancaster, UK, seeing = poor) saw spurious colour. Later (22:31- 22:46UT?) Mellor obtained some photos, but these revealed no colour. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=48 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Jan 19 at UT 18:00-19:00 G. Amery (Reading, UK) discovered that Aristarchus could not be seen in Earthshine, this was odd because less prominent features could be seen. Other observers (Moore and Foley) confirmed the very low brightness of the crater. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=197 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 May 17 Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector)observed Aristarchus at 22:10 and noted that it had the same rose-violet colour as had been seen by him a day earlier. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=220 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Jan 19 at UT 18:00-19:00 G.W. Amery (Reading, UK) found that Messier was difficult to define. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=197 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1983 Jan 19 UT 20:36-21:00 Observed by Cook (Frimley, UK, Seeing III, Transparency, Moderate) "Colouration seen". BAA Lunar Section Report. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Leibnitz Mountains 1948 Apr 14 UT 20:00? Observed by Wilkins (Kent, England, 12.5" reflector) " S.cusp prolonged -- detached peaks -- starlike pts. connected by fine filaments brighter than earthshine. (Barcroft, Haas, Vaughan, Moore & Firsoff also have seen similar phenom.)(just sunlight catching high peaks?)." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #502. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Linne 1867 Aug 06 UT 21:00? Observed by Buckingham (England?) "Crater in darkness, he saw a "rising oval spot". Other obs. saw it as a triang. Bold black spot pointing to earth, slowly diffused white & drift of white on slope of pyramid. (indep. confirmation?)" NASA catalog weight=5 and catalog ID #155. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2000 Feb 11 at UT19:00 G. North (Norfolk, UK) telephoned TLP coordinator, Patrick Moore, to report a possible colour anomaly in Aristarchus. Moore had poor conditions in Selsey (UK) and saw nothing unusual. However by this time North was reporting that, the colour was fading. Two other BAA members were alerted, but were clouded out. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 2001 Apr 29 at UT 20:50 R. Braga (Italy) reported that without any filter, the brightness of the east wall of Torricelli B was halfway Torricelli C (faintest) and Moltke (brightest). By insering a Wratten 25 red filter though, the crater was slightly more evident. However using a blue Wratten 39A filter, the crater vanished completely, whilst Toricelli C remained. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Webb (England, using a fluid achromat) saw brilliant minute spots and streaks in Mare Crisium dotting its surface. This was seen near first quarter. Cameron states that Schroter, Betr?, Madler, Slack and Ingall had all seen it this way at times. Cameron 1978 catalog iD=111 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1948 Apr 15 UT 20:00? Observed by Thorton (Northwitch, England, 9" reflector) "Brilliant orange-yellow flash 1 km inside E. rim (similar to earlier #500 LTP flash in the dark)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #504.
On 1981 Mar 12 at UT 19:25-20:30 Butler (of Brixton, UK, using a 10" reflector at 32-64x) noticed that Aristarchus was not visible, although the Earthshine was very obvious. Foley (of Kent, UK, and using 12" reflector) noticed that the crater was only just visible but Plato could definitely be seen. Cameron's 2006 TLP extension catalog ID=125 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=2.