TLP Repeat Illumination/Libration and Earthshine predictions for: Latvia - Riga



Ill is percentage illumination of the Moon
*Indicates a repeat illumination and libration event to within +/- 1 deg for both
A non-* indicates just repeat illumination to within +/-0.5 deg


2018-Jun-18 UT 19:12-19:49 Ill=32% Aristarchus observed by Joulia on 1931-2-22

     On 1931 Feb 22 at UT 20:30 Joulia (Castelnaudary, Aude, France?) 
     observed in the Aristarchus region: "Reddish-yellow glimmer of light, 
     very variable with nearly complete extinction. (similar to Herschel's 
     1787 & Tempel's 6/10/1866 obs.)". The Cameron 1978 atalog ID=399 and 
     weight=3.


2018-Jun-18 UT 19:12-19:46 Ill=32% Piccolomini observed by Cameron_W on 1990-8-26

     On 1990 Aug 26 at UT 02:30-03:30 W. Cameron (Sedona, AZ, USA, 8" 
     reflector, x110 and x220) observed that Proclus and Piccolomini craters 
     both had a pink colour inside them. At a higher magnification of x220 
     Piccolomini was still pink and it was stronger on the central peak's 
     wesern side. The cameron 2006 catalog ID=407 and the weight=3. The 
     ALPO/BAA weight=1 as the Moon was not above the horizon at the date and UT given. 


2018-Jun-18 UT 19:12-19:46 Ill=32% Proclus observed by Cameron_W on 1990-8-26

     On 1990 Aug 26 at UT 02:30-03:30 W. Cameron (Sedona, AZ, USA, 8" 
     reflector, x110, x220, seeing=good) observed that the north wall of 
     Proclus crater was the brightest part of the crater, indeed very 
     bright. Proclus and Picolomini had pink colours inside them. CED 
     brightness measurements were as follows: "Proc. at 100x 4.0, 4.0; at 
     200x 3.4, 3.4; Theop. 3.5, 3.9; 3.5; Herc. 2.5, 2.75; 3.5; Atlas 2.8, 
     2.5, 3.0; Posidonius 3.0." The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=407 and the 
     weight=3. The BAA/ALPO weight=1 as the Moon was not above
     the horizon at the UT given.


2018-Jun-18 UT 19:12-19:46 Ill=32% Theophilus observed by Cameron_W on 1990-8-26

     On 1990 Aug 26 at UT 02:30-03:30 W. Cameron (Sedona, AZ, USA, 8" 
     reflector, x110 and x220, seeing=good) observed that the west wall of 
     Theophilus crater was red (on terminator). However Posidonius was also 
     on the terminator and no colour was seen elsewhere along the 
     terminator, however Proclus and Piccolomini had pink interiors. At a 
     higher power of x220 a prismatic effect was seen on the terminator in 
     Theophilus and opther craters - "even on W rim of a crater due W of 
     Theoph.". CED measurements of Theophilus... 3.5, 3.9, 3.5. The Cameron 
     2006 catalog ID=407 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1
     because the Moon was below the horizon at this time. 


2018-Jun-19 UT 19:13-20:11 Ill=43% Ross_D observed by Harris on 1967-12-8

     Ross D 1967 Dec 8 UT 02:30-02:40 Observer: Harris (Tucson?, 
     AZ?), colourless bright area SW of Ross D with repeated 
     condensations that appeared then dissipated in thirty seconds to 
     a minute. ALPO/BAA weight=1.


2018-Jun-19 UT 19:59-20:11 Ill=43% Theophilus observed by Cross on 1966-1-28

     Theophilus 1966 Jan 28 UTC 01:24-03:45 Observed by Cross & 
     Ariola (Whittier, CA, USA, 19" reflector, x300, S=6-4, T=4, "3 
     red patches appearing and dissappearing at different times. 
     Obscurred at sunrise on it. Later, red patch appeared on the 
     floor." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #920. ALPO/BAA 
     weight=3.


2018-Jun-19 UT 20:32-22:04 Ill=43% Theophilus observed by Dieke on 1964-5-18 *

     Theophilus 1964 May 18 UTC 01:05-01:15 Observed by Dieke (Baltimore, 
     MD, USA, 6" refractor, x125) "Crescent of crsimson color on SW between 
     rim & flor. Was not present at 0500, nor did it reappear from 0115 to 
     0245h" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #812.


2018-Jun-20 UT 19:31-20:25 Ill=54% Alphonsus observed by Hoffman on 1965-4-8

     Alphonsus 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw 
     variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA 
     catalog ID #873.


2018-Jun-20 UT 19:31-20:25 Ill=54% Aristarchus observed by Hoffman on 1965-4-8

     Aristarchus 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw 
     variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA 
     catalog ID #873.


2018-Jun-20 UT 19:31-20:25 Ill=54% Censorinus observed by Hopmann on 1965-4-8

     Censorinus 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hopmann (Czecholovakia?) 
     "Green flash or brightening (date correct ? written 8-4-65. First taken 
     as American convention, thus as Aug. 4, but now think it was in 
     European convention of day first then month)." NASA catalog weight=2 
     (low). NASA catalog ID #873a.


2018-Jun-20 UT 19:31-20:25 Ill=54% Hyginus_N observed by Hoffman on 1965-4-8

     Hyginius N 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw 
     variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA 
     catalog ID #873.


2018-Jun-20 UT 19:31-20:25 Ill=54% Linne observed by Hoffman on 1965-4-8

     Linne 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw 
     variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA 
     catalog ID #873.


2018-Jun-20 UT 19:31-20:25 Ill=54% Proclus observed by Hoffman on 1965-4-8

     Proclus 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw 
     variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA 
     catalog ID #873.


2018-Jun-20 UT 20:25-00:00 Ill=54% N_Pole observed by Lebanon_Observers on 1881-7-4

     Limb North? 1881 Jul 04 UT 00:30 Observed by Several observers 
     (Lebanon, CT, USA, naked eye, alt @ 10 deg) "2 pyramidal protruberances 
     on upper limb (dark?). Points were darker than rest of moon's face then 
     slowly faded away (atm ? moon very low)" NASA catalog weight=? NASA 
     catalog ID #223.


2018-Jun-21 UT 19:13-20:32 Ill=65% Proclus observed by Haiduk on 1972-8-17

     Proclus 1972 Aug 17 UT 20:05-21:10 Observed by Haiduk (13.25E, 52.5N, 
     60mm refractor, S=1, T=3) "Well visible bright area at the NE wall, end 
     of event uncertain for seeing became poor" Hilbrecht & Kuveler Moon & 
     Planets (1984) Vol 30, pp53-61.


2018-Jun-21 UT 19:13-19:58 Ill=65% Alphonsus observed by Kane_D on 1993-6-27

     On 1993 Jun 27 at UT 19:55-20:21 and 20:24-21:04) D. Kane (England? UK, 
     4" refractor) discovered that the central peak of Alphonsus crater was 
     very bright. The central peak was also brighter in red than in blue 
     light. However G. North (Herstmonceux, UK, 6" reflector, x135, seeing 
     V-III) and M. Cook (Frimley, UK, 4" reflcrctor, x10, seeing=III) 
     observed that the central peak was normal, however they did not use 
     filters. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID= and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA 
     weight=2.


2018-Jun-21 UT 20:25-22:38 Ill=65% Plato observed by Bartlett on 1964-5-20 *

     Plato 1964 May 20 UT 01:00-01:30 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, 
     USA, 2.4" refractor x117, S=6, T=5). "Orange-red color on W. wall. 
     Vivid" NASA catalof weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #813.


2018-Jun-22 UT 19:13-19:26 Ill=74% Atlas observed by Andre on 1966-12-21

     Atlas 1966 Dec 21 UT 17:10 Observed by Andre (Belgium, 3" refractor) 
     "Bright spot on SE part of floor, not seen in photo on 12/18/66" NASA 
     catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1003.


2018-Jun-22 UT 19:13-20:07 Ill=74% Mons_La_Hire observed by Geisel_M on 1972-11-15

     Mons la Hire 1972 Nov 15 UT 09:45-10:18 M.Geisel (Brisbane, 
     Australia, 12.5" f/8 reflector, x90) discovered the TLP, P. 
     Anderson (9.5" reflector) independently confirmed that the TLP
     had an effect in his Moon Blink device - but the effect 
     (suspected that the blink was caused by the extreme nrightness 
     of the mountain?) was weak and thought it not worth further 
     investigation. Photographs taken by Anderson. Geisel believes 
     the effect to be real and states that the area remained sharp 
     and clear throughout. ALPO/BAA weight=2.


2018-Jun-22 UT 19:13-19:22 Ill=74% Aristarchus observed by Spencer_S on 1976-6-6

     Aristarchus 1976 Jun 06 UT 21:30-21:40 S.Spencer and R. Hunt 
     (60mm refractor, x150 and x60) both observed red on the SW 
     corner of Aristarchus. ALPO/BAA weight=1.


2018-Jun-22 UT 19:13-19:34 Ill=74% Copernicus observed by Darling_D on 1990-8-30

     On 1990 Aug 30 at UT02:11-02:36 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3" 
     refractor, x90, seeing conditions: "at,. boiling") noted a coloured 
     area on the west wall of Copernicus that was unusual in appearance - 
     however other craters along the terminator had a similar effect. There 
     was also a "dazzling bright spot on the E. rim and he witnessed 6 
     flashes from the lighted part of Copernicus over a very short time 
     interval. Cameron comments that the colour may well have been dur to 
     chromatic aberation because a refractor was used. The Cameron 2006 
     catalog ID=408 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.


2018-Jun-22 UT 19:13-19:34 Ill=74% Proclus observed by Darling_D on 1990-8-30

     On 1990 Aug 30 at UT 02:11-02:36 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3" 
     reflector, x90, atmosphereic conditions: boiling) found "N rim of Proc. 
     bright interior uniform gray". The Cameron 2006 catalog report is 
     slight unclear as the description for thnis 1990 Aug 30 TLP also 
     includes Copernicus and Censorinus in the list of TLP craters. So one 
     description which might refere to Copernicus, could possibly have been 
     meant for Proclus, namely: "Dazling bright spot on E rim. Rotated 
     eyepiece but no change. N rim of Proc.......". The Cameron 2006 catalog 
     ID=408 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.


2018-Jun-22 UT 19:13-19:17 Ill=74% Copernicus observed by Horner_E on 2012-9-24

     2012 Sep 24 UT 22:00-23:00 Copernicus. E. Horner (Salisbury, 
     UK, 15cm reflector) observed a prominent red arc where the 
     sunlit part of the interior wall met the shadow. Sometimes the 
     arc was 1/4 the way around the interior, and sometimes half of 
     the way around. Telescope moved, but the red arc stayed where 
     it was. Eyepieces change, but the effect remained. Other parts 
     of the Moon checked, but no red seen. There were however 
     splashes of green e.g. Longomontanus on the terminator, 
     elsewhere further inland from the termionator, and little 
     splashes of green on Mare Frigoras - but lasting a brief time. 
     The red colour was as strong as a red LED and the green similar 
     to that of the northern lights. The observer's husband was asked 
     to independetly check Copernicus and remarked that he could see 
     a little bit of green at the top and some red near the bottom, 
     along the line of the internal shadow. Although there were 
     checks for red elsewhere on the Moon and none were seen, the 
     Moon was starting to get low and it is typical of spurious 
     colour in a few respects. Therefore the ALPO/BAA weight=1 for 
     safety.


2018-Jun-23 UT 19:13-20:09 Ill=83% Copernicus observed by Johnstone_GH on 1954-11-6

     Observed by G.H. Johnstone of Albuquerque, NM, USA on 1954 Nov 05 UT 
     20:00 (according to Cameron), but 02:00-04:00 according to the
     original observation and at colongitudes 34.7 to 35.7 deg. 4" 
     reflector, x150 used. The obsewrver reported that the western part 
     (about 1/3rd of the interior) was pitch black with shadow. However 
     there was a zone about as wide, or perhaps only a fourth of the total 
     width that was distinctly a lighter bluish shade, almost like twilight. 
     The shadows of the peaks on the western edge of the rim were clearly 
     seen crossing this bluish shadowed area. Then this area ended sharply, 
     and the farside was bathed in light from the rising sun. The shadows of
     the peak were sharply defined across the twilight zone, and the edge of 
     the pitch black shadow was easily defined but not as sharp as the
     darker shadows crossing the the blue twilight zone. The observer 
     checked other craters but did not see this condition in any of them - 
     they all had the abrupt division between black and white that we would
     normally expect to see. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=579 and weight=2.
     Reference 1962 edition of ALPO's Journal: The Stolling Astronomer.
     ALPO/BAA weight=3.


2018-Jun-23 UT 19:41-20:09 Ill=83% Plato observed by Moore_P on 1981-6-12

     P. Moore at 21:10 found the southern wall (and ontothe southern floor)
     of the crater to be indistinct. Elsewhere in the crater everything was
     sharp. The effect was still seen at 21:42UT, but less strong. A check
     was made for colour with aq Moonblink device, but none was seen. There
     was still a trace of this effect at 21:44UT, although detail was now
     becoming visible. By 21:48UT vertical streaks were seen crossing
     the floor from the obscuration area and these were more visible in the 
     red filter and not in the blue. Cameron comments that undefined patches
     on the floor of Plato are not normal. By 21:55UT some craterlets on the
     floor started to become visible and the TLP for Moore ended by UT22:23.
     P.Foley was alerted by Moore and saw a "amssive dense obsecuration
     on the south wall, south floor and south outer glacis to the Mare".
     Foley noted that by 21:50UT the effect was fading and finished by 
     22:03UT. Foley reported an orange translucent haze covering half of the 
     floor, but floor craterlets could be seen on and off - however his 
     atmospheric seeing conditions were IV. At 22:00 UT Foley reported the 
     floor close to the north wall to be "milky or misty". No detail was 
     visible at 21:15UT and variability in the floor continued until 
     23:10UT. Hedly-Robinson was aleted at 21:35UT and found no difference 
     between red and blue views of the area, however he did find that the 
     south rim was indistinct although this effect had lessened by 22:00 UT 
     and was normal by 22:17UT. M. Mobberly saw a white spot on the floor at 
     21:20 UT, whereas he normally would have expected to see craterlets. 
     Mobberly was alerted at 21:40 UT and took some colour photos. He also 
     made sketches that showed variability in the floor and dark lines and 
     patches in the north west corner. However the altitude of the Moon was 
     low. Cameron mentions that two of the photos show loss of detail at the 
     south wall and beyond.and also a change in the floor markings.The north 
     wall at 21:50UT was strangely reddish (didn't think this was spurious 
     colour). The rest of the wall was sharp at 22:20UT through a yellow 
     filter. Large bright patch in the centre and rest of the floor was 
     apparently of the same shading as Mare Imbrium. The above notes are 
     based upon the Cameron 2006 catalog extension TLP ID 145 and weight=4.
     ALPO/BAA weight=3.


2018-Jun-23 UT 21:04-23:10 Ill=83% Plato observed by Brook_C on 2006-2-8 *

     C. Brook of Plymouth UK, using a 4" refractor x216, noticed at UT 20:10
     dark patches coming and going (in terms of visibility) on the floor of 
     Plato. Occasional views of the central cratelet (seen as a white spot) 
     were glimpsed. The dark patches seen lasted about 1-2 seconds before
     fading out during each visibility cycle. Teneriff Mountains were 
     checked but no sign of seeing effects that might explain the dark floor
     patches. By 20:26UT the dark patch effect was fading and by 20:31UT 
     floor detail was visible. Observations ceased at UT 20:34. Seeing 
     conditions were II and the Moon was at a high altitude. Other observers 
     were alerted but came on-line after the effect had finished. ALPO/BAA 
     weight=2.


2018-Jun-24 UT 19:13-22:21 Ill=90% Aristarchus observed by Armitage_J on 2006-2-9 *

     Observer noted a bright spot on the interior west wall that seemed
     brighter than what they would have expected. unfortunately the precise
     time of this observation was not recorded so the moon-rise and 
     midnight UT values are used to place a limit on the time of 
     observation. Images by Shaw taken at UT 1754, 18:45 and 23:13
     do not exhibit the effect.


2018-Jun-24 UT 19:31-23:17 Ill=90% Gassendi observed by Robinson_JH on 1976-10-4 *

     Gassendi 1976 Oct 04 UT 20:55-20:58 Observed by Robinson (Devon, 
     England) - observer noted that the east outside wall was bright in red 
     and normal in blue. Note that the Moon was 30 deg above the horizon at 
     the time of the observation. The crater returned to normal at 20:58. 
     Also seen by Moore (Selsey, UK) and Foley (Kent, UK). At 21:25-21:50 D. 
     Sims (Dawlish, UK, 25cm reflector, x300, seeing IV and some cloud at 
     times) noticed a possible obscuration over the southern part of 
     Gassendi. He had been observing earlier at 18:40-19:30 but had not 
     detected a TLP in Gassendi then. 22:11UT Robinson notices that the spot 
     outside the east wall is again bright in red., though by 22:25 it had 
     faded  and was gone by 22:28UT. The Cameron 1978 catalog further 
     quotes: "Vivid red spots & general red color seen around rim by 2 obs. 
     At 2209h blood red small area was seen. 1 h later the most westerly 
     (IAU?) of the peaks had become hazy white all other areas were sharp. 
     (Indep. confirm.)." Cameron 1978 catalog weight=5 and catalog ID #1454. 
     The ALPO/BAA weight=3.


2018-Jun-24 UT 22:52-23:28 Ill=90% Torricelli_B observed by Cook_MC on 1989-1-18 *

     M. Cook of Frimley, UK observed a brightening of the crater during
     this observing session. The cameron 2006 extended catalog ID=346 and 
     weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.


2018-Jun-25 UT 19:13-21:07 Ill=95% Aristarchus observed by Foley_PW on 1981-4-16 *

     Foley, Kent, UK noted that the floor was slate blue-grey
     with no colour seen elsewhere. 12" reflector used, seeing=II.
     Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID 131 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA
     weight=1.


2018-Jun-26 UT 19:13-22:30 Ill=98% Gassendi observed by Moore_P on 1976-10-6 *

     Gassendi 1976 Oct 04 UT 21:30 P. Moore (Selsey, UK, x400, 
     seeing poor) observed redness in the c.p. area. The ALPO/BAA 
     weight=1.


2018-Jun-27 UT 23:30-00:53 Ill=100% Aristarchus observed by Bartlett on 1964-5-26 *

     On 1964 May 26 UT 04:10-04:35 Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, S=5, T=5). 
     observed that Aristarchus had a strong blue-violet glow on the east 
     wall and EWBS, with a strong violet tinge on the nimbus. Crater was 
     hazy, could not focus it in red, green or blue light. The Cameron 1978 
     catalog ID= and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.