On 2012 May 26 UT21:21 J. Moeller (Syracuse, NY, USA, using a Konica Minolta DIMAGE Z5 digital camera, f/7.1, 1/250 sec exposure, ISO-50, 69mm focal length, digital zoom x3) captured a hand held image of the Moon in daylight. On the SW limb of the dark side of the Moon a bright spot can be seen. This has a brightness comparable to that of Mare Serenitatis. There is also a fainter dark blurred marking further inside the dark side. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Agrippa 1966 Nov 19/20 UTC 23:58-00:14 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector x283, S=4, T=5) "Faint bluish tinge seen at base of NW wall beneath landslip" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #995.
On 1983 Feb 19 at 20:00UT P.W. Foley (Maidstone, Kent, UK, 12" reflector) noticed a deep steel blue colour inside Toricelli B with a lighter colour about 10-15 miles outside. Foley came to the conclusion that this was too visible for its size. Cameron 2006 Catalog extension ID=206 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Cassini E 2002 Dec 11 UT 16:30-18:46 Observed by Knott (Liverpool, England, 216mm Newtonian, x216, red and blue filters used) seeing III, transparency good) "Observations carried out of the area extending from the Alpine Valley to the Crater Cassini. At 17:12 a pin point bright flash was seen NW of the rim of the crater E in white light. A 2nd pin point flash was also seen at 18:18, this time thru a blue filter. The 2nd flash was also seen on the NW rim of the crater E. The observer does not think this was a TLP as the seeing was III, but the flash was so bright as to be startling. Other peaks within the Alps were bright but were much less so in red and ble filters, where the rim of the crater E. NW edge was very bright in all filters, including white light. Incoming cloud prevented further observation." BAA Lunar Section report.
nr. Plato in Teneriffe Mountains 1854 Dec 27 UT 18:00-23:00 Observed by Hart & others (Glasgow, Scotland, 10" reflector) "2 luminous fiery spots on bright side on either side of a ridge, contrasting color. Seemed to be 2 active volcanoes. Ridge was normal color. Spots were yellow or flame color. Never seen before in 40 yrs. of observing." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #129. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Thaetetus 1952 Dec 24 UT 20:00? Observed by Moore (England?) "Bright spot, hazy line of light" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID 556. ALPO/BAA weigh=2.
Alphonsus and limb 1967 Apr 17 UTC 21:30 Observed by Wise (England, 6.5" reflector, x90) "3 dark patches (Alphonsus) prominent. Suspected red patch (blink ?). (indep. confirm. of Cross 1h later?)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1024.
Plato 1967 Apr 17 UTC 21:30 Observed by Wise (England, 6.5" reflector, x90) "Suspected a blink, (red?)" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1025.
On 1967 Apr 17 UT 21:30 Observed by Wise (England, 6.5" reflector, x90) saw a brilliant object nr. E(ast. ?) limb (West Lim IAU?) for 15m. Check on star maps neg. (indep. confirm. of Cross 1h later?)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1024.
On 2003 Apr 10 at 00:40UT a GLR observer G. Jasmin (Quebec, Canada, using a 10" F-10 Schmidt Cassegrain) took a photograph of Alphonsus crater on Kodak 400ASA film with an exposure of 1/30th sec. There was a light visible (diameter 10 km) inside Alphonsus and the effect was present for 5 minutes. The observer commented that they have seen a light in this crater many times before, but never as long as 5 minutes. This report was submitted to the GLR group in Italy. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1889 Jun 06 at 22:00 UT Lade of France (8" refractor) saw two extremely bright spots (Plato B & D). Cameron 1978 catalog ID=262 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1971 Oct 30 UT 19:35-20:55 E.Watkins (Braintree, UK, 4.5" reflector, x45,x150, x225), thought he saw a faint patch at 19:35 and it still was visible at 19:40. At 19:50-19:55 he saw what may have been the remainder. At 20:55 he noticed a shadow in the area. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1984 Jan 14 at UT 20:00 P. Moore (Selsey, UK) observed that Aristarchus was brighter than it normally is at sunrise. No quantitative measurements were made though. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=238 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2002 mar 29 at 02:20-02:38UT C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60mm refractor, x120 - no cloud, slight haze, no wind, seeing good) noticed during first part of observing period that Aristarchus was getting steadily brighter, very much brighter than Proclus. This continued until 02:36UT when it dimmed suddenly over a period of about a minute or so. No colour effects seen. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2002 mar 29 at 02:20-02:38UT C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60mm refractor, x120 - no cloud, slight haze, no wind, seeing good) noticed during first part of observing period that Aristarchus was getting steadily brighter, very much brighter than Proclus. This continued until 02:36UT when it dimmed suddenly over a period of about a minute or so. No colour effects seen. ALPO/BAA weight=2. Just as an after thought - was it Aristarchus that was varying, or Proclus?
Manillus 1955 Aug 03 UTC 21:00 Observed by Firsoff (Sommerset, England, 6.5" reflector, x200) "Maniluus very bright in all colors, especially blue, extraordinarily so" NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #602.
Timocharis 1955 Aug 03 UTC 21:00 Observed by Firsoff (Sommerset, England, 6.5" reflector, x200) "Crater was bright in blue, seemed large & diffused." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #602.
On 1978 Aug 19 at UT02:45-04:00 Porter (Naragansetts, RI, USA, using a 6" reflector, Seing = 6/10) noticed blue on the north east corner of Aristarchus and an orange glow on the south east wall. They detected no movement or change in brightness. The observer used both eyes, to make sure it was not an eye defect, and three filters: red Wratten 25, blue Wratten 82 and Violet Wratten 47. Porter found that the colours faded for a duration of 5 minutes and then returned. Their right eye gave a good view and using their left eye they suspected that it was 0.5 steps brighter than the remainder of the crater. The suspected colour remained visible, even under moments of good seeing conditions. The colour eventually faded over time and was eventually gone. Porter reportd seein gcolour here on the following night. Apparently other bright spots showed no colour. Fitton suggests that the filters used confirm that the south east wass was definitely red in colour. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=37 and the weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1973 Nov 10 UTC 20:00? Observed by Coates (England, 8" reflector x200, Moon at gigh altitude above horizon). "Attracted to crater because of an orange hue extending towards Herod. Has seen this at other times. Thinks not a LTP, but actual color on ground."NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1381.
Observed by Bartlett (Batimore, MD, USA, S=4, T=5) "E.wall? blue glare. He was uncertain @it. Couln't focus it. Herodotus unaffected." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID 581. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Conspicuous bright spot seen on 6th. Also seen on 7th, absent on 8th. Cloud-like effect where light had been (on 8th). Cameron 1978 catalog TLP ID No.=139 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Copernicus 1975 Jul 24 UT 22:52 Observed by Robinson (Teignmouth, England, 10" ? reflector or 4" refractor?) "Copernicus indistinct in red and blue filters" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1409.
Fracastorius 1975 Jul 24 UT 22:52 Observed by Robinson (Teignmouth, England, 10" ? reflector or 4" refractor?) "Fracastorius had a blink (red or blue?)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1409.
Tycho 1975 Jul 24 UT 22:52 Observed by Robinson (Teignmouth, England, 10" ? reflector or 4" refractor?) "Tycho indistinct in red and blue filters" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1409.
Aristarchus 1954 Nov 12 UTC 02:20-03:05 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, S=5-6, T=3-4) "Blue-violet glare on EWBS & whole length of E. wall. Suspected viol. tint on VA; uncertain @ m" NASA catalog weight=4. This had faded later by 05:07. NASA catalog ID #582. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1996 Jul 31 at 22:40UT P. Moore (Selsey, UK, 15" reflector, x300) noticed a lack of detail in the Cape Agarum area - he would normally have expected to have seen some craterlets. However he would not rate this observation much because the seeing was only III and he does not think that it was an obscuration. However just in case he wanted to record this report in the archives. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1973 Nov 11 UT 20:40-23:05 Observed by Savill (Cambridge, England, 12" refractor, x100?), Young (Yorks, England), Pedler (Bristol, England, 6" reflector?), Livesey (Scotland). "At 100x showed a bright spot in S.part of crater. At 300x was vis. but power too high. In 8-in refr. at 170x, at 2055h 2 spots present. Confirmed by Young. Seeing was improving. At 2104h in 12-in refr. at 260x the lower spot seemed distinctly enlarged & vaporous. Decided it was due to poor seeing. Later the 2 spots were better defined & separated but lower moved away fr. larger one & they seemed more separated than earlier. Obs. ended at 2305h when they decided it was not an LTP. but was 2 craters instead of humps. There were neg. repts. from others at the same time. (there are no craters in Proclus)." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID # 1382. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Schroter's Valley: Cobra Head 1824 Nov 08 UTC 00:00? Observed by Gruithuisen (Munich, Germany) "Mingling of all colors in small spots. Described a violet glimmer near Cobra Head & plateau that spreads; starts just after sunrise. Cameron 1978 catalog weight=4 and catalog ID=103. The ALPO/BAA catalog weight=3.
Conspicuous bright spot seen on 6th. Also seen on 7th, absent on 8th. Cloud-like effect where light had been (on 8th). Cameron 1978 catalog TLP ID No.=139 and weight=3.
Plato 1870 Mar 19 UT 00:00? Observed by Gledhill? (halifax, England, 9" refractor) "Same group (of craters) as in Feb. illuminated. (if phase same as Apr. 1970 then date is Mar 19" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #165.
On 1990 Dec 03 at UT23:00-01:30 M.C. Cook (Frimley, Surrey, UK) noticed that the central peak of Aristarchus was quite bright and extended to a circular region in the east in the crater "sprout" area - Cameron suggests that this is Bartletts self defined EWBS area?. Beyond the rim to the east was very bright. However no colour effect was seen in filters. A sketch was supplied. Cameron notes the coincidence of perigee and full Moon. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID is 416 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
East of Plato 1961 Jun 29/20 23:00?-01:00 Observed by Granger and Ring (both in Italy) "Enhancement of spectrum in UV & Ca I recorded on photoelectric spectrometer scans" NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #742. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Four bright spots seen in Mare Crisium. There was also peculiar behaviour of the terminator. Source: Midlehurst 1968 catalog TLP ID=16. Ref Web 1962 p62-76. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1956 Jul 25 UTC 06:16-06:33 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector, x180, S=3-5, T=4) "C.p. distinctly vis. within floor shadeo, est. 5 deg bright but no trace of it at col. 122.37deg in Oct, '55(Oct. 4?)." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #645. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1990 Jan 14 at UT 01:14-01:55 M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing=poor) observed that Aristarchus did not appear normal for this illumination. the northern half of Aristarchus was "2x>" than the southern half of the crater. There were two white patches of apron material near to the crater Herodotus that were 50% of the brightness of the southern half of Aristarchus. Furthermore the southern half of Aristarchus had a circle - "dull patch on inner S wall with a bright point shining through it. (Bartlett's EWBS?)". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=389 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Conspicuous bright spot seen on 6th. Also seen on 7th, absent on 8th. Cloud-like effect where light had been (on 8th). Cameron 1978 catalog TLP ID No.=139 and weight=3.
Daniell 1894 Feb 23 UT 00:00? Observed by Krieger (Germany) "Strong, brownish-red coppery hue." NASA catalog weight=4 and catalog ID #281. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
1894 Feb 23 UT 00:00(?) Posidonius N. Wall observed by Krieger (Germany) "Strong, brownish-red coppery hue." NASA catalog weight=4 and catalog ID #281. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Peirce A (Swift=IAU name?) 1937 Dec 23 UTC 22:00 Observed by Wilkins (England, UK, 12.5" reflector) "Obscuration on floor if crater. Crater invis. (similar to #394, 396)." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #412.
Aristarchus 1970 Jan 25 UT 07:00? Observed by Thomas, Rogers, Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector, Moon blink) "Bluing around the crater -- vis. in monitor but not photographe due to clouds" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1233
On 1961 Jul 01 at UT 00:00? an unknown Miranova (Russia or Israel) obtained some spectral photometry of lunar objects. A spectral plate in 425 -> 500nm bands. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=743 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1955 Oct 04 UT 22:00 Dubois and Kozyrev (Crimea, Soviet Union, 50" reflector) observed the following in Aristarchus crater: "Low disprsion (d=.13 whereas on Oct 28 & Nov d=0.03) Spectogram showing emiss. in central part nr. H&K". Cameron says that this is a confirmation of the previous Bartlett TLP? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= 619 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 1979 Jul 14 at UT 00:24-01:10 P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK, 15cm reflector, x35, x52, x73 and x110, seeing IV-V, transparency very good). Note that the observing date was also written as Jul 18th in the original report? Puiseaux was very clear in white light, but could not see the cenrtral peak. The central peak though was visible through a Waretten 15 (yellow) filter. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1904 Aug 01 at 05:00? Pickering (Echo Mt., CA, USA) UT Plato: "Bright hazy obj., 2" diam. on floor, Obs before & after were normal". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=318 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Messier A 1951 Oct 20 UT 00:00? Observed by Moore (England) "Brilliant white circular patch in it. has seen it & Messier blurred several times." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #545 Note that the date and time given are probably wrong as the Sun is ~7deg below the local horizon at this time. ALPO/BAA weight=1 to reflect this error.
Aristarchus 1957 Oct 13 UT 07:00?$ W.Haas, according to the 1978 NASA Catalog is supposed to have seen a bright spot of light -- "explosion" in this crater. Confirmation of activity in Aristarchus - Three independent observations within 4 hours. Cameron 1978 catalog weight=5 and TLP ID No.=676. Private comunication with Haas shows that he recorded nothing unusual on the 12th or 13th. Therefore an ALPO/BAA weight of 1 has been given until this matter is cleared up.
Jansen 2013 Aug 26 UT 00:30-01:30 P. Grego (Cornwall, UK, 20cm SCT, x200, seeing II, transparency good) observed a dark patch just east of Jansen D. He had not seen this before. There maybe a depression here hinted at in LOLA ndata. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1975 Jul 29 at UT 00:00 Fraser (England, 6" reflector, x70) and Howick (England, 3.5" reflector) observed the occultation of 51 Pisc. at emersion - Fraser saw a flash or spike of liht which proceeded emersion of primary by 0.4sec. The 9.0 mag companion appeared some moments later. Howick at 1 km away, with 3.5" reflector noted nothing unusual. Cameron says that no 3rd companion is known. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1411 and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Callipus 1952 Sep 09 UT 21:00-21:20 Observed by Moore (England) "Hazy broad line of light seen fr. NW wall to SE wall over shad. floor. Gone next nite at 0120. He gave low wt. to obs. (sunlight between peaks?)." NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID #553. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1976 Aug 15 UT 23:00-23:45 Observed by Garbott (2) (Bedfordshire, England, 10" reflector x500, seeing Antoniadi I) and by Moore (Sussex, England, 15" reflector, x360, seeing Antoniadi IV) "Noted blue color on N. wall extending toward Herod. Also saw orange color in S. region. Confirmed by father. (similar to many of Bartlett's rept's.), More noted nothing unusual at 2320h." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1444. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Stochard of Dublin, Ireland, saw naked eye at 10:30UT on 1862 Nov 12 Aristarchus as extraordinarily bright as a bright spot on the Moon. This was seen in daylight with the waning crescent. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=6 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2009 Oct 09 UT11:00-11:04 NASA's LCROSS upper centaur stage, followed 4 min later by the observation spacecraft, is due to impact into a the crater Cabeus in the hope of kicking up some dust and possible frozen volatiles. Note that this description is intended for observers on the date of impact and it is doubtful that any new science could be achieved by re-observing the same area months after the impact. If you are observing on the date of impact, then please observe around 11:00-11:04UT and ignore the predicted times in the headings. However this report is included as techniqcally if something is seen it is a TLP, albeit man-made! For those observing on the date in question here are a few observing tips to maximize the science of your observations: (1) If you are imaging, then please try to obtain images before the impact because you can then subtract these from images taken during the impact and hence show up faint changes that you might normally miss. (2) If you have a spare scope and camera,use this to observe through filters such as UBVR or I, or if you have narrow band interference filters, try observing in say Hydrogen Alpha, Methane, OH, or indeed any volatile that you might expect to see in a comet (the main source of water at the poles). (3) Please try checking the area long after the impact, just in case other effects might trigger a TLP. (4) Please go to some trouble to ensure accurate timings- these will be essential in order to understand the sequence of events - assuming any are seen. Timings can be obtained using a short wave radio or via a GPS. Note that you should always use UT or UTC. (5) Please send any observations that you make into the upload section of the LCROSS campaign observers web site. If you belong to an astronomical society e.g. BAA or ALPO, then do please send copies of your observations to the Lunar Sections of your society or club. (6) Finally this desription will be updated a day or two after the planned impact.
On 2009 Sep 09 UT23:31:43 P.Grego (St Dennis, Cornwall, UK, seeing II- III) suspected a flash south of Cabeus, just beyond the terminator. It was not bright, and lasted a fraction of a second. Thinks it might have been illusory as he saw some fainter flashes (cosmic rays?) during that nights observing session. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1983 Jan 05 at UT22:00 P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK) noticed some colour on Aristarchus. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=195 and the weight= 2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Kepler 1966 DEc 04 UTC 05:10 Observed by de Beraud (Flossmoore, Ilinois, USA, 6" reflector, x360, S=G) "Saw a bright area thru. blue filter but could not see it in red filter. Decided it was a bluish phenomenon." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1001.
Aristarchus 1974 Sep 08 UT 04:45-06:30 Observed by Cowan and Johnson (Dublin, TX, 8" reflector, x59, x152, S=7) "Saw a bright luminous, blue, misty cloud on th NE rim. Obscur. for 1st hr. then gave way to pink & features became vis. Cloud was tear-drop shape. No movement to glow. Pink cloud glowed too. Very tenuous by 0130h. (Nakamura says there were no seismic events within several hrs. of this time). Another person saw it without being advised as the where it was." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1393. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 2009 Sep 11 UT00:15-00:20 and 01:00-01:05 C.Brook (Plymouth, UK, 5" O.G., x100, seeing tremourlous but definition improving over time) noticed that the central peak(s) in Alphonsus were brightening gradually. No effect was seen earlier at UT23:30-23:35. One presumes that the effect also occured between these two observing times? The observer suspects that this was not a TLP, but is uncertain. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1878 Oct 18 at UT 21:00? Gaudibert (France?, 4"refractor) observed Webb's white spot on SW border of Wargentin to be brilliant, however this had vanished by Oct 19. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=204 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Tycho 2006 Jan 22 UT 06:34-06:36 Observed by Fabio Carvalho (Assis, Sao Paulo Brazil, 25cm f/6 Newtonian) "Green colouration seen on a rim of Tycho, effect remained visible for only 2 minutes. Attempts to image it shortly afterwards failed as it had finished by then" An REA-Brasil observational report. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 2009 Sep 11/12 UT23:28-00:00 M.C. Cook (Mundesley, UK, 90mm Questar, x80 and x190, seeing II and transparency moderate-poor) observed pink on the north west rim of Tycho and green-blue on the inner SW rim. No sign of colour elsewhere on the Moon except for the S-E rim of Plato that was red. The Moon was about 20 deg in altitude at the time. The effect had gone by the end of the observing period. A simulation of spurious colour in different directions was generated by the BAA Lunar Section and found to possibly account for these colours, although there should have been some strong colours seen elsewhere in Tycho and none were. The BAA/ALPO weight=2.
On 1878 Oct 18 at UT 21:00? Gaudibert (France?, 4" refractor) observed Webb's white spot on SW border of Wargentin that had been brilliant the previous night, had completely vanished tonight. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=204 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.