On 1987 Mar 13 at UT 20:52 M. Mobberley (Suffolk, UK, S=VG) obtained some video that shows variation in Aristarchus crater e.g. ä visual oddity in the SE corner" (Foley was interpreting the video). H.Hatfield took some film of the TLP (Unstudied yet). The Cameron 2006 catalog ID= 301 and the weight=5.
On 1987 Mar 13 at UT 20:52 M. Mobberley (Sussex, UK) found that Mons Pico varied in its north east section. This was recorded on video tape. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=301 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Godin UT 02:15-03:05 Observed by Porter (Narragansett, Rhode Island, USA, 6" refletor, 45, 90x, S=P?, T=2) "Albedo change in some pts. yellow-orange color on rim. Wondered if it were atmos. LTP albedo= 7,7,7,6.5. Normal albedos=7,7.5,6.5,6.5 for same pts. Nearby plain albedos =6. LTP from 0250-0300h. Intensity normal at first;pts in W. decreased & N.pt increased. No difference in intensity in red filter till suddenly it jumped out & became vis. above the high background albedo. Sketch. He thinks it was atm. seeing" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1370.
Aristarchus 1975 Oct 18 UTC 20:00? Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 12" reflector) "Deep blue-viol. spot in NW (IAU?) interior corner." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1415.
Aristarchus and Herodotus UT 20:00? Observed by Areau (Paris, France, 12" reflector x100) "Maroon color covering the ridge(?) E (ast. ?) & the ridge(?) S. of Herod. In 3 or 5 secs. Cloud disappeared after 10 min." NASA catalog weight=3 (average) NASA catalog ID #1312.
On 1973 Dec 8 UT18:15-18:20 R.Billington (UK, 2" refractor) reported that ristarchus was orange. However 15 minutes earlier, another observer, Livesey made a sketch and did not report any colour. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1979 Aug 06 at 22:24-22:54 P.Madej (Hudersfield, UK, 6" reflector. Purple Wratten 35, and Yellow Wratten 15 filters used) Orange glow seen (at x73) on west side of crater, near the central peak. The central peak was coloured too at x110. At 22:32 (x75) the central peak was brighter than the rest of the area wrough the yellow filter. At 22:34UT at x73 everything looked OK through the purple filter. The TLP was still visible at 22:54. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Schroter's Valley 1955 Jul 03 UT 22:00 Observed by Firsoff (Somerset, England, 6.5" reflector x200) "Drawing contains a star-like pt. at N. part of valley." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #597. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1976 Jun 12 UT 05:21 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore. MD. USA, 4.5" reflector, 40-225x, S=5, T=3, "Deep viol. tinge in N. 1/2 of nimbus. Faint blue-viol. radiance (gas ?) on E. - NE wall along crest. No color elsewhere, nor on plateau m." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1435.
Proclus 1955 Aug 03 UTC 04:13-04:40 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector, x180, S=5, T=5) "Floor blackish 2 intensity but in green filter assumed a distinctly mottled or flocculent appearance -- seen only in green. Neither blue nor red had any effect, but on previous eve. green light had not produced such an appearance." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #602. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1964 May 26 UT 04:10-04:35 Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, S=5, T=5). observed that Aristarchus had a strong blue-violet glow on the east wall and EWBS, with a strong violet tinge on the nimbus. Crater was hazy, could not focus it in red, green or blue light. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1984 Dec 07 at UT 19:30-23:30 M. Mobberley (St Edmunds, UK, seeing=IV-V, transparency=good, spurious colour seen) found 2 bright pathces on the east rim on alternate sides of a bright region. The band from the central 16km wide region was dark on the east side. Foley (Kent, UK, 12"reflector, seeing=II-III) found Aristarchus to be not as bright as normal, apart from the band that Mobberley found (1 hour later). The dark regions were a murky green colour (bright through green, blue and yellow filters and dark through red and orange filters). Cook (Frimley, UK, transparency=excellent, CCD camera used) found a bright "bulge"on the eastern side. Apparently data suggests that the band was brighter in red than in near IR light. Cook's calibrated brightness measurements suggest that there was no change in brightness over the crater with time. Two other bright points were seen: one at the Cobra's Head and another half way between the east rim of Aristarchus and passes Herodotus. Wratten 29 (deep red), Wratten 87 (near IR) and combined Wratten 29 and Wratten 87 were used. In the red Wratten 29 filter the brightness falls at22:20 at Shroters valley and then rises in the bright ray. They return to normal at 22:30UT. There was however a lot of measurement noise from the brightness readings of points B and D. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=256 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
F. Graham took some photos of the Cobras Head and found a blue cloud about 50 km in diameter and scattering light - Cameron says that this indicates high density. Darling found the Cobra's Head obscure and variable "clear and bright to diffused". Cameron was alerted observed (02:40UT) variations with periods of approximately 30 seconds, and thought that she could see a red tinge on the east rim of Aristarchus - checks elsewhere found no other colours. Darling found that a blue filter enhanced the effect and a red filter made it disappear. There was a blink at 02:55UT but no blink in the Cobra's Head, which looked fuzzy and lacking in detail. The effect was confirmed by Weier, who also saw two dark spots in the Cobra Head in blue but not in red light. The brightness of the Cobras Head was 6.0, Herodotus floor 5.5, NW wall 7.5, South wall, 7.0, Aristarchus south wall 9.0, west wall 9.0, south wall 7.0, East wall 8.0, and the central peak 10.0. Observer details were as follows: Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x159, S=9/10). D. Weier (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x159, S= 9/10), W. Cameron (Sedona, AZ, USA, 8" reflector x110 and x220, T=6 and S=6) F. Graham (E.Pittsburgh, PA, USA, 7" refractor, thin haze). Cameron 2006 catalog ID=415 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 2000 Jun 15 UT 20:37 C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60mm refractor, x117 & x40, seeing good, transparency excellent) observed abright spot on the north rim of Mare Crisium (57E, 25N). It was comparable to the illuminated rim of Proclus in brightness. No colour seen. The spot was not visible the next night. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Near Censorinus 1964 Apr 26 UT 20:00? Observed by Hopmann (Czchoslovakia?) "Surface brightening somewhat similar to Kopal and Rackham in #779" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #810.
Archimedes 1940 Aug 18 UT 03:25 Observed by Haas (NM?, USA, 12" reflector?) NE outer wall had I=5.0, but was I=2.5 on June 20 (see #467) (similar colong.)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #471. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Proclus 1972 Nov 20 UT 20:20 Observed by Farrant (Cambridge, England, 8.5" reflector, x178) "Dark patch in crater. Disappeared by next nite. The normal ring seemed thickened. On Dec. 7. the crater appeared bright. Drawings. (prob. real LTP, nr. FM)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1350.
Gassendi 1966 Dec 27 UTC 06:30-07:05 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 6" reflector?) "Very faint blink on SW (ast. ?) floor & on another N. of it on NW floor. Obs. considers obs. very suspect" NASA catalog weight=1 (very poor). NASA catalog ID #1006.
Plato 1967 Nov 17 UTC 18:36-18:50 Observed by Moore, Moseley (Armagh, Northern Ireland, 10" refractor x260) "Faint blink under SW wall. Nothing seen vis. Gone by 1839h. Reappeared at 1841, then gone by 1850h. Checks till 0200h were neg. Obs. dubious of reality of phen." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #1054. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1970 Jan 23 UT 07:00? Observed by Thomas, Rogers, Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector, Moon blink) "Bluing around the crater -- vis. in monitor but not photographed due to clouds" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1233
W.Humboldt 1897 Dec 09 UTC 23:00? Observed by Goodacre (Crouch End, England, 12" reflector) "Shadow anomaly. Chocolate penumbral shade edging black shadow on E. wall." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #296.
Cobra Head 1955 Oct 31 UTC 19:00 Observed by Milligan (England?) "Dark blue obscuration" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID 624.
On 1983 Jan 29/30 at UT20:35-01:00 Sykes (UK?) observed that Linne appeared to brighten for approximately 20 min and had the appearance of a point (confirmed). This observation was made during a major Torricelli B TLP. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=198 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Torricelli B 1983 Jan 29/30 UTC 20:35-02:30 Observed by Foley (12" reflector, seeing Antoniadi II, Transparency=good, no spurious colour seen), Moberley (14" reflector, seeing Antoniadi II, transparency excellent, spurious colour strong), Cook, J & M (12" reflector, seeing Antoniadi II-III, transparency moderate). All observers based in southern England. "Initially crater brightest feature on the Moon, then it faded. Strong colour also seen by all observers e.g. green-blue to violet. Report of observations written up in JBAA Vol 100, No. 3, p117 123, (2000) - probably one of the best reorted TLP". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=198 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
Aristarchus 1976 Aug 11 06:44 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" reflector, 45-300x, S=4-3, T=4) "Pale viol. radiance (gas?) on plateau m. Dark viol. tinge on nimbus. C.p.=10 deg walls=8deg, & all of floor=8 deg. W.wall out of focus due to haziness (gas?)." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1441.
On 1983 Jan 29 at UT22:09 M.Mobberley (Sulfolk, UK, 14" reflector) noted that Arago B had a slight tinge of violet colour, and was a lot less (bright?) than Torricelli B's blueness. Other craters checked but were not showing any blue colour. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=198 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1983 Jan 29 at UT22:09 M. Mobberley (Suffolk, UK), found that Moltke crater was "exceptionally bright". Other craters (apart from Arago B Torricelli B etc) appeared normal. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=198 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 May 28 at UT 01:50-03:00 K. Marshall (Medellin, Columbia) observed the whole region of Aristarchus, Herodotus and Shroter's Valley all to have a brightness of 3 and all blue and impossible to focus on (he had never seen it like this before). Also the interior of Aristarchus was invisible. Brightness measurement taken and a sketch was made. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=222 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Proclus 1972 Nov 21 UT 21:30 Observed by Farrant (Cambridge, England, 8.5" reflector, x130) "Thickened bright ring remained, but the dark patch had disappeared. (dark patch prob. real temporary phenom. as it was seen nr. FM when contrasts are strongest, yet disappeared" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1351.
Proclus 1958 Jul 03 UT 06:18-07:15 Obsrved by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector, x180, S=5, T=3) "Proc. C a remarkable phenom. of which he is certain. At beginning of obs. C was 5 deg bright & conspicuous -- its normal appearance at or nr. SS. At 0620 it suddenly became dull so as to almost vanish. By 0640 C was very dull-- 3.5 deg. An indep. check was made at 0715 with same instru. & it was still at 3.5 deg. Note C does not mean Proclus C but a notation system developed by Bartlett for features in and around Proclus". Cameron's 1978 NASA catalog weight=4 (high). Cameron's 1978 NASA catalog ID #688. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1970 Jan 24 UT 07:00? Observed by Thomas, Rogers, Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector, Moon blink) "Bluing around the crater -- vis. in monitor but not photographe due to clouds" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1233
LaLande 1973 Jul 17 UT 03:30-03:45 Observed by Galgoey (Washington, NJ, USA, 2" refractor x46, x117), S=VG, T=5) "Star-like pt., variations, 1- 2s, seen only at 40x, not at higher powers. LTP albedo =10, normal=8, nearby plain =6 (geom, instrum. & atm. & refl. material at site effects?)" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1371.
(Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector x180) "Strong violet glare on E. rim, changing to brown. At 0220 dark viol. in nimbus, at 0235 viol. changed to brown. At 0255 viol. suddenly reappeared, but faded to invis. at 0300. Again at 0308 reapp. Only time he ever saw such color changes." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID 583. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1940 Aug 20 UT 03:25 Observed by Haas (NM?, USA, 12" reflector?) "Largest bright spot on SE pt. of floor had I=8.6 (real changes? see @ '#649, 474, & 475, all similar change)." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #472. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Jan 30 at UT 23:45 Chapman (England, UK) observed that Censorinus was low in brightness. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=199 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Jan 30 at UT 23:45 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector) measured that the brightness of the region around Toricelli B was 2.3 (high) and there was a slight blue colour. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID= 199 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
1824 Dec 08 UTC 00:00? Observed by Gruithuisen (Munich, Germany) "Bright fleck in SE part of crater" NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #104. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1947 Nov 30 UTC 00:00? Observed by Favarger (France?) "3 bright points on inner w. slopes." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #499. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1986 Feb 26 at 05:00UT a photograph was obtained by T. Kohman of Pittsburgh, PA, USA (3.5" Questar and 0.25 sec exposure) that had two bands above the limb, resembling ejecta plumes. Cameron suspects that these are probably flare from the eyepiece optics. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=282 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1970 Jan 25 UT 07:00? Observed by Thomas, Rogers, Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector, Moon blink) "Bluing around the crater -- vis. in monitor but not photographe due to clouds" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1233
Area of darkness overlapping NW rim. It was visible through this area of obscuration. Sketch. Cameron 2006 extended catalog ID=376 and Cameron weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Messier & A 1972 Aug 27 UT 08:51-09:21 Observed by Hansen (LeMoore, CA, USA, 6" reflector, x200) "Perculiar thread of shadow connecting the 2 craters. Sun's elev. @ 6deg. Drawing (possibly a high peak on E.wall of A casting a shadow?)" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1342.
Near Kepler 1966 Dec 31 UT 03:00? Observed by Petrova, Pospergelis (Pulkova Observatory, Russia) "Special glow in this area. Confirmed by photoelectric method (Petrova) & polarimetric (Pospergelis?) almost simultaneously recorded by both" NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #1007.
On 1989 Jan 26 at UT 03:45 De Groof (Belgium) noted a white few second long flash from Copernicus crater. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=347 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
C.Brook (Plymouth, UK) noticed that the east wall of this crater was brighter than the walls of nearby craters. Cameron comments that Foley says that this is normal and agrees. Cameron 2006 Catalog Extension ID= 433 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1969 Sep 30 UT 04:46-05:10 Observed by Maley, Saulietis (Houston, TX, USA, 16" reflector, x130) "Intermittent blue color on SE wall, verified by others. At 0500h, taking 10s to reach max. then slowly disappeared. Gap appeared after 1st event. Drawing." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1202. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1964 Feb 02 at UT08:30-09:40 G.Reneau and B.Crowe (2.4" refractor, x90)observed Ross D to be double. This was during a time when observers were looking for a Ranger crash plume. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=799 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1983 May 31 at UT03:45-04:30 K. Marshall (Medellin, Columbia) noted that the whole area of Aristarchus, Herodotus, and Schroter's valley was both blurred and violet. There was hardly any detail seen inside the crater. Herodotus could hardly be seen either and Schroter's valley was totally unrecognizable. A sketch was supplied. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=223 and the weight=3.
Something resembling a cigar shaped shiny object seen on S rim - hanging over a smaller crater. It looked like a bright aluminum can in the sun & cast a shadow onto the rim. The length was 8-10 miles long x 1 mile wide at the central point. It appeared tapered to points at both ends. Observer studied it for several hours. S term. ~60-70miles away. Apparently not related to topog. Alt. 8deg. Cameron 2006 Extension catalog weight=3. ALPO/BAA catalog weight=1.
Plinius 1937 Jul 27 UT 04:37 Observed by Haas (Alliance, OH, 12"? reflector) "E. end of c.p. varied in intensity at similar lighting conditions. Intensity was low est on this nite, being at I=5.0. Other nites were: Date Time col. I 6/23/37 0600 84 8.5 7/20/37 0200 58 6.0 7/22/37 0300 78 6.5 9/22/37 0700 114 6.0 9/24/37 0830 142 6.5 10/17/37 0100 59 8.5 10/21/37 0500 109 8.5 NASA catalog weight=4 (good) on this and the nights listed. NASA catalog ID #422. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1975 Jun 28/29 UT 23:00-01:20. Foley (Wilmington, UK, 12" reflector, seeing, III, good clarity transparency). At 23:00, 00:30, and 01:15 blue was seen on the inner wall:floor southern boundary, and red on the corresponding northern floor:wall boundary. However by 01:20, blue was now on the S-NW floor:wall boundary, and red on the NE-SE floor:wall boundary. Atmospheric spectral dispersion existed in many regions, but did not change like the colours in Plato. Similar appearance craters such as Grimaldi, Schickard, and Riccioli, were checked for a similar change in colour, but no change was noticed in these. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1975 Nov 15 UT 06:34 Observed by Rule (Edinburgh, Scotland, 4" reflector x36) "Blue patch in crater (similar to many of Bartlett's obs.?)" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1383.
Aristarchus 2004 Dec 02 UT 01:55-02:45 Observed by Brook (Plymouth, England, 60mm OG x120) "Fluctuation in the brightness and definition of A of about 1/4 to 1/2 minute period. Rest of field unaffected. Checked for cloud wih naked eye during fades - negative. Checked for misting and tear salt on eyepiece by shifting A around the field - negative." BAA Lunar Section report.
Aristarchus 2004 Dec 02 UT 03:00 Observed bt Michael Amato (West Haven, CT, USA, 127mm Maksutov, x123) "The brightness variation (as seen by Brook earlier) was very apparent. One thing never seen before by Amato was a thin short bright ray that extended out in the opposite direction as Aristarchus bright ray". The higher the Moon climbed in the sky the more obvious this short thin bright ray became. An ALPO report.
Plato 1975 Jun 29/30 UT 23:05-00:30. Foley (Wilmington, UK, 12" reflector, seeing, III, good clarity transparency). At 23:05, blue was seen on the inner wall:floor southern boundary, and red on the corresponding northern floor:wall boundary. However by 00:30, blue was now on the W floor:wall boundary, and red on the E floor:wall boundary. Atmospheric spectral dispersion existed in many regions, but did not change like the colours in Plato. Similar appearance craters such as Grimaldi, Schickard, and Riccioli, were checked for a similar change in colour, but no change was noticed in these. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 2004 Dec 03 UT 00:00-01:00 Observed by Brook (Plymouth, England, 60mm OG x120) "Fluctuation in the brightness in Aristarchus still present but less pronounced than yesterday. Also saw the bright short ray on the opposite side to the main ray in Aristarchus that Amato saw yesterday - but this may be normal?" BAA Lunar Section report.
P.Foley (Nettlestead, UK, 12" reflector) noticed a translucent bluish glow in Earthshine coming from this crater, despite it being close to the nright terminator. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=200 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Marcus Price (Camberley, Surrey, UK) noted that Aristarchus was extremely bright. A 6" reflector was used. The Cameron 2006 Catalog ID is #98 and the weight is 1. The ALPO/BAA weight is 1 too.
On 1987 Oct 13 at UT14:00-17:00 J. Moeller (Kirkville, NY, USA, 6" reflector) observe and 10x70 binoculars) noted that Aristarchus was brilliant in the sky and the most striking feature on the lunar surface (2-3x brighter than Tycho). It appeared as a hazy white cloud at first. The effect lasted for 3 hours. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=309 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing=III-II) noticed that the crater had a blue/green colour and that this varied, filling a large circular patch, brightly illuminating to the ESE-SSE (IAU?) spilling over the wall and the rim. Shadows inside the crater were large and elongated. The filter response was greater in the blue than through a yellow or red Microfiche. Spurious colour was noticed elsewhere but not in Aristarchus. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=313 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3
Messier A 1976 Sep 15 UT 21:05 Observed by J.H-Robinson (Teignmouth, UK, 26cm Newtonian, Wratten 25 and 44a filters, x200, seeing very poor). Messier A was fainter than Messier in blue light. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Eratosthenes 1976 Jun 20 UT 07:57 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" refractor, 40-450x, S=6.5, T=4-3) "Floor covered with shadow & c.p. seen as 5deg bright spot. Another minute spot 5deg bright on SE floor in shadow. (only low hills on floor in SE. spot on terrace?" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID 1436.
Tycho 1992 Aug 21 UT 07:58-10:59 Observed by Darling (Wisconsin, USA, 16" & 11" reflectors, visual, photographic, CCD video observations made) "At 08:56UT a V-shaped glow started to appear in the shadow to the east of the central peak" ALPO TLP report. See: http://www.ltpresearch.org/ltpreports/ltp19920821.htm ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2012 Oct 08 UT12:00 C. Hastorf (Chuck's Bobcat, AZ, USA, 5" SCT, seeing 3.5-4 out of 5). Strange lightness seen on shadowed floor of Plato. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Grimaldi 1998 Mar 22 UT05:15-06:00 S. Beaumont (Windermere, UK, 127mm rich field refractor, seeing III, transparency Good) observed that the northern half of Grimaldi seemed much lighter than the southern half. She comments that she has seen this before in last quarter phases, but it was really quite marked how lighter the northern half was on this occasion. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1788 Sep 29 at UT04:25) Schroter (Lillienthal, Germany) noted a bright point 26" north of Aristarchus crater. Note that the year might have been 1789? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=50 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Schroter, from Lillenthal in Gemany, in 1788 (possibly it was 1789) Sep 26 UT 04:30 saw a small nebulous bright spot on the northern edge of Mare Crisium. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=50 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Herodotus 1976 Aug 21 UT 08:40 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" reflector, 45-300x, S=4-3, T=6) "Pseudo peak seen as 5deg bright spot lying on diagonal dark band that crosses the floor from NE to SW & becomes vis. only at low sun. Never saw the pseudo peak in afternoon before -- usually vis. only nr. sunrise, (this would be expected if it is a low hill as seen on Apollo oblique pics). Other times c.p. seen were May 11 (6deg), Jun 10 (13 deg), Sep 6 (8 deg), Sep 7 (21 deg) & Sep 19 (10 deg) solar altitudes. (21 deg seems too high a slope for the hills)." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1446. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1976 Sep 20 UT 20:25 Observed by J.H-Robinson (Teignmouth, UK, 26cm Newtonian, Wratten 25 and 44a filters, x200, seeing unsteady, Moon low). Light areas in Plato were clearer in red than in blue light. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Four bright spots intersected terminator on dayside only. Two of the spots were identical. Reciprocating motion of the terminator in five or six minutes between pairs touching in turn. The terminator in Mare Fecunditatis was still. Similar phenomena seen on Jupiter's satellite once. Cameron thinks that the 1774 date in the Middlehurst catalog is wrong and should be this one.
Proclus 1976 Jul 06 UT 01:35 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3" refractor, 40-450x, S=6, T=3) "Nothing vis. on floor (albedo=2 deg?) (usually features are vis.)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high).NASA catalog ID #1437.
On 1955 Aug 27 at UT 01:51 McCorkle (Memphis, Tennessee, USA, 6.5" reflector, x200) observed a 2nd magnitude bright flare on the dark side of the Moon. This remained steady, fading slightly before abruptly disappearing. Cameron suggests that this might have been a meteor. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=604 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1982 Jun 02 UT 22:00. Mobberley could not see the central craterlet on the floor of Plato tonight. Foley notes that he could only just see the central craterlet on nights of 2-5th Jun and it was of reduced in brightness from normal. North reported that the floor seemed nearly black, but brighter in a green filter (x144 magnification used). All three observers compared the Plato area to other areas for reference. All the above seems normal, apart from the floor being brighter in the green filter. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID 170 and weight=5. BAA/ALPO weight=3.
A blue tinge was seen inside and outside the crater perimeter. The surrounding halo lost brightness that was observed on 1993 Jan 29. Observed on Apr 19, 20 and 28th. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=213 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1982 Apr 04 at UT 23:30-00:25 P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK, 7cm refractor & 16cm reflector) noticed the TLP in his refractor first of all at x25. So stepped up the magnification to x111 and found the crater brightness not what he was expecting. He tried different filters but found no difference in brightness. With the 16cm reflector however some changes in brightness were dected. The crater has a very pale yellow colour and it was slightly darker than Lacus Somniorum. P. Foley tried to confirm at 00:09 but the crater looked normal then. The Cameron 2006 catalog extension TLP ID is 167 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1981 Mar 17 UT 22:40-23:25 Observed by Moore (Selsey, England, 15" reflector, seeing III) "Aristarchus very bright according to Crater Extinction Device and a coloured blink detected" BAA Lunar Section TLP report.
On 2016 Jun 17 UT 05:00 A.Anunziato (AEA, Argentina Meade ETX 105, seeing 7/10, sketch made) observed a very tiny light spot where the shadow from topographic relief to the south of Vallis Schroteri nerges into the crater rim shadow on the floor of Herodotus. There should be no light spot here. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus Area 2004 Nov 22 UT 04:58-05:49 Observed by Gray (Winemucca, NV, USA, 152mm f/9 refractor, seeing 4-5, trasparency 4-5, x114, x228) "Blinked Herodotus with Wratten filters Blue 38A and Red 25. The illuminated west crater wall stood out brilliantly in blue light, much more so than in white light. This was true also of Aristarchus. Red light did not increase contrasts in Herodotus any more than they were in white light. Shadows in Herodotus appeared as black as the night west of the terminator and remained that way throughout the observing period. No TLP seen in Herodotus tonight. A possible TLP was seen to the west of Herodotus near the terminus of Schroters Valley. It was noted at the beginning of the observing period that there were four very bright spots of light, one near the end of Schroters Valley, the other three grouped together a little farther north. Although not far from the terminator they were definitely east of it. It was noted that all of them nearly vanished in the Blue 38A filter while Aristarchus and the rim of Herodotus gleamed brilliantly. At 5:19UT it was noted that the most brilliant of the four lights, the one near the terminus of Schroters Valley, had faded almost to invisibility in white light. When first seen it had been brighter than Aristarchus. It remained very dim after this through the remainder of the observing period, and was unchanged at 7:35-7:49UT when I again examined the area. The other three bright spots remained brilliant and unchanged."
Aristarchus 1973 Aug 10 UTC 20:14 observed by Baumeister (48.63N, 9.25E, 110mm reflector, T=2, S=2) "Orange to red colours at the crater floor dissappeared until 21:04" - Hilbrecht and Kuveler, Earth, Moon & Planets, 30 (1984), p53-61. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1973 Aug 10 UT 22:45 observed by Robinson (Devon, UK). Observer noticed that the lighter areas on the floor were more distinct in red than in the blue filter. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
All observers saw a blue tinge seen inside and outside the crater. Marshall observed a bright spot in the middle of the crater floor and thought perhaps that it was a central peak. No central peak can be found on Lunar Orbiter images. Cameron 2006 Catalog extension ID=214 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Proclus 1976 Sep 06 UT 02:00 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" reflector 45-300x, S=3, T=5) "Nothing vis. on floor of 2deg brightness. Usually floor ray & Proc. A are vis. at this col. & c.p. is 5 deg bright. (must have been 2 deg tonite)." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1450.
Gassendi 1939 Aug 27 UT 02:00 Observed by Haas? (NM? USA, 12" reflector?) "NE part of c.p. was I=6.4, compared with I=9.4 on 9/28/39 (see #462) under similar cond.@ NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID# 458.
Cobra Head, Aristarchus 1964 Feb 25 UT 02:37-02:38, 02:39-02:42 Observed by Budine (Binghamton, New York, USA, 4" refractor, x250, S=6, T=4) "Red flashes" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID # 802.
Blanco, J. Vidal, of Gijon, Spain (3" refractor x72) noticed an unfamiliar very bright center near to Encke. Cameron suspects that this was Encke B crater on the basis that it is a prominent small crater near to Encke. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=410 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato & Pico 1984 Mar 14/15 UT 19:18-01:48 Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 12" Reflector seeing I, Transparency Very Good) "Obscuration and colur seen on Plato and colouration and brightness seen on Piton (CED used)" BAA Lunar Section Report.
Plato & Pico 1984 Mar 14/15 UT 19:18-01:48 Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 12" Reflector seeing I, Transparency Very Good) "Obscuration and colour seen on Plato and colouration and brightness seen seen on Piton (CED used)" on and Colour" BAA Lunar Section Report.
Crick of Belgium noticed obscuration on a bright spot on the south east wall. This spot was quite prominent through a red Wratten 25 filter. The floor was very dark. Other craters were checked and were normal. A sketch was supplied and the position was the same as in other earlier reports. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=60 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3. 6" reflector used. Seeing=II and transparency=good.
M. Cook of Frimley, "NE ray distinct & also floor E of it, not distinct as on Dec 13 & Jan 11, while March 10, 11 & 12 seen by Price, North, Peters, Foley & M Cook, where rim was clear and sharp." - quote from the 2006 Cameron Catalog extyension - TLP ID=297 and weight=5. Cameron gives the observers confirming this TLP as: M. Cook, G. North and Davies.. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1980 Apr 28, Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA using a 8" reflector and a 2.5" refractor) observed a very bright reg region on top of the south west rim of Aristarchus crater. This was on the same side as the ray system between Aristarchus and Herodotus. Louderback noticed some chromatic aberation - blue where he had seen the red patch before. Louderback suspects chromatic aberation was the cause although did not see red in that region ever again. "Patch was between his observation points A and C. Point C was 5 points brighter in the red filter than in the blue." A sketch was made. Cameron suspects that the TLP was real. Cameron 2006 TLP catalog extension ID=92 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Peter Foley (Kent, UK, 8" reflector, seeing=II) noticed that the floor beneath the north wall, and the area over the north wall were indistinct (almost out of focus). Despite looking elsewhere in the crater and surrounds, no other blurring (obscuration of detail) could be seen, indeed everywhere else was sharp and detailed. Foley tried several eyepieces but this made no difference. He used a crater extinction device but found no variations in brightness. There was a slight darkening when he used a red filter in the Moon Blink device. The obscuration effect weakened between UT20:56 and 21:10, was difficult to see at 21:13 and had finished by 00:15. Patrick Moore (12" reflector, Dublin, Ireland) saw nothing unusual when he started observing at UT 22:00. Cameron says "Photos marked at location of phenomenon". Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=37 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Louderback observed that the south west wall was a creamy deep yellow. There was also strong fluorescent blue on the west wall of the Cobra Head - Schroter's Valley area and this was similar to the violet glare seen on Aristarchus at times. Violet was seen between Aristarchus and the Cobra Head. Seeing coditions were poor. Brightening of a point near C occurred roughly every 10-15 seconds and lasted 0.5 sec - (Cameron concludes that this was not due to the Earth's atmosphere). A 0.2 step drop in brightness was seen on point A (twin spots). Point C had reduced by 0.6 steps. Elsewhere was stable in brightness. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=281 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Variations in vapor column rising from the Cobra Head feature (seen on several nights in succession) and also in the visibility of craterlets A, C, F. Sunrise +2d. (time est. fr. gives colongitude). Cameron 1978 catalog ID=279 and weight=3. Pickering was observing from the southern station of Harvard University in Arequipa, Peru.
Manilius 1939 Jun 30 UT 06:05 Observed by Haas (NM?, USA, 12"? reflector) "Dark area in S. part was I=2.0 but was I=3.7 on 7/30/39. Obs. conditions were very similar." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #449.
Plato 1873 Apr 10 UTC 21:00? Observed by Schmidt (Athens, Greece, 6" refractor) "Under high sun, 2 faint clouds in E. part of crater."
Aristarchus 1975 Sep 18 UT 21:00? Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 12" reflector) "Deep blue-viol. spot in NW (IAU?) interior corner." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1414. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Mobberley of Suffolk, UK, and using a 14" reflector and seeing=I-II saw yellowish/brown streaks within Aristarchus. A sketch indicates that these extended from a region on the east floor to the north west corner, and then finally onto the bands on the west wall. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=132 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1916 Oct 10 UT 21:00? Observed by M, Maggeni (Florence Obs., Italy) "Reddish shadow spread over part of crater. Looked like vapor (like nitrous vapor) and obscured underlying craters. The Cameron 1978 catalog weight=3 and ID = 365. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1937 Jul 22 UT 06:20 Observed by Haas (Alliance, Ohio, USA, 12" reflector?) "Floor distinctly greenish, but was gray on June 23, 1937 at 0430 & col.84 (normal?)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #421. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Bailly 1974 Oct 29 22:00-23:00 Observed by Lord (St Annes-on- Sea, UK), 25cm reflector, x125 & x400,seeing III, transparency 5/5. South west floor was darker in a blue filter than in other filters. Observer thought this was due to a natural green colour here. Had seen this on 3 other occasions under early morning illumination. ALPO/BAA weight=1,
Aristarchus, Cobra Head, 1969 Dec 23 UT 05:19-05:34 Observed by A.R. Taylor (Buckinghamshire, UK, 8.5" reflector, 240x, Wratten 25 and 80B) Strong blink in crater at 0519. All traces gone by 0534. Could only see in filters, Plato, Copernicus, Gassendi all normal. Obscur. also in Cob. Head." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1230. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Stevinus 1961 May 29 UT 02:45-03:30 Observed by Cameron (Adelphi, MD, USA, 3.5" reflector, x160, Questar, Seeing=good) "Craters stood out like glittering points (small craters on rims?). Only anomalies among many features examined (specular refl. from flat surface?)." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #738. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Eratosthenes 1976 Sep 08 UTC 04:29 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" reflector 45-225x, S=5-4, T=5) "Psuedo-shadow X3 was present but X disappeared from wall(same intensity?) which was rated 4 deg. Disappearance of X so unexpected that he examined inner S wall very carefully & was certain it was free from psuedo-shad. Had vanished within 24h. Other pseudo-shadows showed no change. X reappeared next nite. (X must have been 4deg; &this is much higher than any other meas.). Variability of wall shadows may habe been what Pickering saw, suggests Bartlett." Cameron 1978 TLP catalog weight=4 and catalog ID 1452. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Furnerius 1961 May 29 UT 02:45-03:30 Observed by Cameron (Adelphi, MD, USA, 3.5" reflector, x160, Questar, Seeing=good) "Craters stood out like glittering points (small craters on rims?). Only anomalies among many features examined (specular refl. from flat surface?)." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #738. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1992 Oct 10 at 18:57-19:04 UT I.S.Brukhanov (of Minsk, Belarus, using a 6" refractor x40 and x98) saw a star like point inside Plato crater of similar brightness to the central peak of Alphonsus. The event lasted 90 seconds before weakening and vanishing completely at 19:04UT. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=455 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1981 Apr 18 at UT 19:50-22:10 M. Mobberley (Suffolk, UK, using a 14" reflector, seeing poor and transparency poor) observed faint-yellow streaks still visible, but less prominent. Cameron mentions that Bartlett noticed this colour, but in the south floor of Aristarchus. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=133 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus area 1955 Sep 30 UTC 20:45 Observed by Firsoff (Somerset, England, 6.5" reflector, x200) "Area showed a westward yellow smear, looked darkish in red, indicating presence of green." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #614. ALPO/BAA weight=3.