On 1982 Jun 05 at 22:00? UT, Chapman (UK, using a 12" reflector), again using a x2 yellow filter, noticed that the central craterlet detectabilty changed such that sometimes it was visible and sometimes not. Foley (Kent, UK)noticed that the central craterlet could only just be seen between June 2 to June 5 and was much less discernable than during the previous lunation. No CED brightness measurements made. The floor of Plato was noted to be very dark though. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=172 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1937 Jul 22 UT 06:20 Observed by Haas (Alliance, Ohio, USA, 12" reflector?) "Floor distinctly greenish, but was gray on June 23, 1937 at 0430 & col.84 (normal?)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #421. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1965 May 15 UTC 01:40-02:15 Observed by Weresuik, McClench, Johnson (Pt. Tobacco, MD, USA, 16" reflector x240, S=F, T=G) and Delano (Massachusetts, USA, 12" reflector). "Crater had color(red?) detected by Trident MB & photos were obtained. There were pulsations. Delano saw E. wall of crater unusually bright (confirm. if at same time)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #876.
Bailly 1974 Oct 29 22:00-23:00 Observed by Lord (St Annes-on- Sea, UK), 25cm reflector, x125 & x400,seeing III, transparency 5/5. South west floor was darker in a blue filter than in other filters. Observer thought this was due to a natural green colour here. Had seen this on 3 other occasions under early morning illumination. ALPO/BAA weight=1,
Madler 2005 Oct 17 UT 04:14-05:28 Observed by Robin Gray (Winnemucca, NV, USA, 152mm refractor, x228, x343, S=5-8 and T=5-6) "Very bright pinpoint spot seen towards end of observing period on east crater wall, lasting 1 min in duration. Brighter than other spots, possibly 8.5-9 on the Elger scale. The spot was not seen earlier during the long observing session." An ALPO report. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Madler 1940 Sep 16 UT 02:10 Observed by Haas (New Mexico? USA, 12" reflector?) "Bright spot on S. rim was I=5.8 comp. with 8.9 on Aug 17 (see #470)." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID # 473. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Eratosthenes 1976 Sep 08 UTC 04:29 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" reflector 45-225x, S=5-4, T=5) "Psuedo-shadow X3 was present but X disappeared from wall(same intensity?) which was rated 4 deg. Disappearance of X so unexpected that he examined inner S wall very carefully & was certain it was free from psuedo-shad. Had vanished within 24h. Other pseudo-shadows showed no change. X reappeared next nite. (X must have been 4deg; &this is much higher than any other meas.). Variability of wall shadows may habe been what Pickering saw, suggests Bartlett." Cameron 1978 TLP catalog weight=4 and catalog ID 1452. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Kepler 1962 Jul 17 UTC 06:24,08:36 Observed by Wildey, Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector+photometer) "Crater was at Vmag 2.68 at earlier obs. which was .47 mag brighter than av. mag. at 15d & it faded to near normal at later time to V=3.10(photom. measures), a change of 1/2 mag. or @1.5 times in brightness" NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #761.
Plato 1973 Aug 13 UT 22:25-22:35 observed by Pedler (Devon, UK). Observer noticed a slight blink on a lighter patch on the floor just beneath the south(?) rim using Moon blink filters. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Herodotus 1971 Dec 02 UT 20:40 Observed by Kilburn (Manchester, UK, 8" refractor, x130, Transparency very good with a thin mist, seeing excellent, x130). Bright point (considerably brighter than its surroundings) was seen on the SE of the illuminated floor of Herodotus in white light. It was quite close to the crater rim. The spot had no colour. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Kepler 1962 Jul 17 UTC 06:24,08:36 Observed by Wildey, Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector+photometer) "Crater was at Vmag 2.68 at earlier obs. which was .47 mag brighter than av. mag. at 15d & it faded to near normal at later time to V=3.10(photom. measures), a change of 1/2 mag. or @1.5 times in brightness" NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #761.
On 1898 Jan 08 at UT 00:00-01:00 Chrevremont (France?) notcied that during a lunar eclipse, the mid-eclipse shadow was so dark that details of the surface disappeared, all except for the Tycho SSW ray . Cameron comments that it is unsual for that ray to remain when usually the ones towards Kepler and Aristarchus are the ones to stand out? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=297 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1978 Aug 18 at UT 22:00 Coates (England?, UK, 3" refractor, seeing=II) found that the inner bands of Aristarchus were hard to see, this was odd because the seeing conditions were good and he usually sees them? However he did not believe that there was any obscuration going on. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=37 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1893 Apr 01 at UT 22:00 deMoraes of the Azores, Portugal, saw a shaft of light projecting from the Moon. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=280 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Manillus 1955 Aug 03 UTC 21:00 Observed by Firsoff (Sommerset, England, 6.5" reflector, x200) "Maniluus very bright in all colors, especially blue, extraordinarily so" NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #602.
Timocharis 1955 Aug 03 UTC 21:00 Observed by Firsoff (Sommerset, England, 6.5" reflector, x200) "Crater was bright in blue, seemed large & diffused." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #602.
On 1978 Aug 19 at UT02:45-04:00 Porter (Naragansetts, RI, USA, using a 6" reflector, Seing = 6/10) noticed blue on the north east corner of Aristarchus and an orange glow on the south east wall. They detected no movement or change in brightness. The observer used both eyes, to make sure it was not an eye defect, and three filters: red Wratten 25, blue Wratten 82 and Violet Wratten 47. Porter found that the colours faded for a duration of 5 minutes and then returned. Their right eye gave a good view and using their left eye they suspected that it was 0.5 steps brighter than the remainder of the crater. The suspected colour remained visible, even under moments of good seeing conditions. The colour eventually faded over time and was eventually gone. Porter reportd seein gcolour here on the following night. Apparently other bright spots showed no colour. Fitton suggests that the filters used confirm that the south east wass was definitely red in colour. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=37 and the weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1970 Nov 14 UT20:10 J.Coates (Burnley Astromical Society, 8.5" reflector, x102 and x204) saw a dirty green colour on the NW region of the crater, in patches, with a green area nearby. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Littrow 1915 Jan 31 UTC 22:00? Observer: unknown (England?) "6 to 7 spots arranged like a gamma first seen on this nite. (Kuiper atlas. Rect. 14-c shows spots in form of a 7 or a cap. gamma backwards, but not l.c. gamma)". NASA catalog weight=0 (almost certainly not a TLP). NASA catalog ID #349. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1955 Nov 01 UTC 02:50-03:05 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3.5" reflector x100, S=6, T=5) "Proc. D normally 5 deg bright was vis. tonite only in blue light, whereas usually is vis. in integrated light. However at col. 110.5 deg it was a dark spot (see # 816) C.p. tonite was normal 5 deg bright but in Oct. lun. was dark". NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #625. Note Proclus D does not refer to the crater Proclus D as defined by the IAU, but probably to a spot inside the crater that Bartlett designated D!
Mare Crisium 1962 Jul 18 UTC 09:54 Observed by Wildey & Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector + Photometer) "Photometric meas. showed change in brightness of the area of over a mag. during the nite. Recorded at Vmag=3.56 first, & a few min(?) later at 4.62. It was .95 mag. brighter (@2.5x) than av. for that age & then returned to normal." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #762.
On 1992 Jul 16 at UT 03:32-09:31 D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, 3" refractor, x134) detected yellow on the southern rim of Aristarchus, and the colour looked "darker" through a yellow filter and the region was "duller" than normal. The region was 1 intesnsity step brighter on the 2nd measurement, "on all points in it". The comet tail-like ray had 3 sections and was "mottled" in appearance. Finally the Cobra Head region had possible variations in brightness. The cameron 2006 catalog ID=451 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Gassendi 1940 Sep 18 UTC 03:15 Observed by Haas (New Mexico? 12" ? reflector) "Largest bright spot in SE part of floor had I=6.1, but I=6.7 & 8.6 on other nites. (same ph. see #469, 472 & 475)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #474. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
East of Picard 1964 Oct 16/17 UTC 23:00-01:00? Observed by Ingall (Camberwell ?, England) "Remarkable bright spot" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #135. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1954 Nov 12 UTC 02:20-03:05 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, S=5-6, T=3-4) "Blue-violet glare on EWBS & whole length of E. wall. Suspected viol. tint on VA; uncertain @ m" NASA catalog weight=4. This had faded later by 05:07. NASA catalog ID #582. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1870 Feb 18 UTC 00:00? Observed by Gledhill (Halifax, England, 9" refractor) "Illum. of another group of craters different from group in Aug. & Sep. obs. (date is F18 if phase is similar to Ap 1870) NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #164.
Mare Crisium 1962 Jul 19 UTC 07:30 Observed by Wildey & Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector + Photometer) "Photometric meas. showed change in brightness from Vmag=3.46 to V=3.07, where av. mag. for that age=3.26, or a brightening of .58 mag." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #763.
Plato 1938 Jun 15 UTC 08:00 Observed by Haas? (New Mexico?, 12?" reflector) "NW. end of floor had intensity I=2.0, but on 7/15/38, I= 3.7, conditions similar." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #439.
Plato 1971 Dec 05 UT21:00-21:10 D.B.Taylor (Dundee, UK, 10" refractor, conditions poor and turbulent). Observer suspected colour orange colour near bright spot on north wall. Observation ceased due to being clouded out. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1965 May 18 at UT 03:00-03:30 Cragg (Mt Wilson?, CA, USA, 6" refractor?) observed a TLP (no feature nor description given in the Cameron 1978 catalog) on the Moon. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=877 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Mare Crisium 1962 Jul 19 UTC 09:48 Observed by Wildey & Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector + Photometer) "Photometric meas. showed change in brightness from Vmag=3.46 to V=3.07, where av. mag. for that age=3.26, or a brightening of .58 mag." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #763.
On 1990 Jan 13 at UT 22:15-23:05 J. Pedler (Bristol, UK, seeing=III and transparency=excellent, no spurious colour) detected a blue region on the north of Aristarchus, varying in sharpness/diffuseness. The crater rim in this region could not be descerned. Eleswhere the crater rim was normal as too were other features. When a Moon blink device was used, no colour blink was detected, however through the blue filter the suspected area was bright and the crater rim indistinct. Whereas through the red filter the area looked perfectly normal. At 22:30UT the effect had vanished and everywhere was normal. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=388 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Four bright spots seen in Mare Crisium. There was also peculiar behaviour of the terminator. Source: Midlehurst 1968 catalog TLP ID=16. Ref Web 1962 p62-76. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1990 Jan 14 at UT 01:14-01:55 M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing=poor) observed that Aristarchus did not appear normal for this illumination. the northern half of Aristarchus was "2x>" than the southern half of the crater. There were two white patches of apron material near to the crater Herodotus that were 50% of the brightness of the southern half of Aristarchus. Furthermore the southern half of Aristarchus had a circle - "dull patch on inner S wall with a bright point shining through it. (Bartlett's EWBS?)". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=389 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1980 Mar 04 at UT10:30-10:34 D. Darling (Sun Prairie, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x344) detected a pin-point light in the shadowed area of Mare Crisium that varied in brightness then faded. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=84 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Gassendi 1940 Sep 19 UTC 06:00 Observed by Haas (New Mexico, 12?" reflector) "Largest bright spot in SE part of floor, had I= 6.7, but 6 for last nite & 5.6 on others (see #'s 469, 472, & 474)." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #475. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Theophilus 1971 Dec 06 UT 21:35-23:20 Observed by Findlay, Ford, Taylor, Robbie (Dundee, Scotland, 10" reflector x180), Bolger (Chester, England), Fitton (Lancashire, England, 8" reflector). "Red-orange patch on E. (IAU?) floor even without a blink. Others confirmed. Dimmed by 2105h but still seen. Dimmer yet at 2230h & gone at 2300h. Baum saw brownish-red patch at 25.5E, 12.5S. Taylor saw reddish patch SE of crater, fainter at 2220h, gone at 2300h. Fitton saw image very dull,yellow & steady. Filters showed nothing unusual, & nothing seen at 2320h." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1320. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1979 Aug 12 at UT07:00-10:35 D. Darling and wife (Sun Prarie, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x342, photos, S=9/10) observed a cigar shaped protruberance in Romer crater that cast a 32km long shadow, nestled in a valley rille next to Romer. This was a confirmed observation. The effect persisted intil sunset. The top of the object and two points on the crater rim were reflecting the Sun's rays. "Top of obj. & 2 pts on crater rim reflected suns rays. It was as high as the crater rim whereas the rill wall was not. Took photos. he has studied this area and never saw such a phenom before. Photos did not show it". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=65 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristillus 1939 Sep 03 UTC 05:00 Observed by Haas? (New Mexico?) "Dark area in W. part of floor was I=4.0, comp. with I=1.3, & I=3.7 (see # 450, & #454). Used different telescope, but can't explain diff. in albedo, since phase is similar in 2 & dist. from term. similar in all (normal?)." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #459.
Observed by Dachille & daughter (Univ. Park, Pennsylvania, 10.5" reflector, x75) "Flash -- then a brownish - red color patch. Alt. @ 20deg. (MBMW has Oct. 12, but is 13th UT)". NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #674.
On 1979 Jul 14 at UT 00:24-01:10 P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK, 15cm reflector, x35, x52, x73 and x110, seeing IV-V, transparency very good). Note that the observing date was also written as Jul 18th in the original report? Puiseaux was very clear in white light, but could not see the cenrtral peak. The central peak though was visible through a Waretten 15 (yellow) filter. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Eratosthenes 1976 Sep 14 UTC 04:24 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" reflector, 45-300x, S=6, T=3 hazy) "Pseudo shadow F disappeared & wall here is same intensity as whole inner crater wall, = 4deg. No change in X, X3 or X2 (4 deg much brighter than normal)." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). Cameron c1978 atalog ID=1453 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1956 Jul 28 UT 05:20-05:55 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector, x180, S=5, T=4) "Vivid blue- viol. gl. on c.p., band across E. floor, & EWBS, E. & NE wall". N.B. The effect had vanished by 07:20UT. NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID 646. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Observations made with a variable polarizer (akin to a crater extinction device) to measure brighness with red and blue filters. Some variability in brightness noted. With the Kodak Wratten 25 and 38A filters there was little or no increase in contrast with the red filter, but with the blue filter there was a great increase in contrast of the brighter areas of the crater - the crater floor and patches of lighter material, especially at the north end. The remaining areas were supressed with the Blue 38A. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1966 Dec 04 UTC 01:05-01:23 Observed by Whippey (Northolt? England, 6" reflector, x212) "Abrupt flash of red, setling in immediately to a pt. of red haze nr. NW (ast.?) wall. Continuous till 0123 (date given was 4-12-66 = European convention?)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1000.
On 1966 Apr 12 at UT 01:05-01:23 Whippey (Northolt, England, UK, 6" reflector x212) and Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" Moon Blink) observed in Gassendi: "Abrupt flash of red, settling immediately to a point of red haze near NW (IAU?) wall. Continuous till 0123h. (Not confirmed at Corralitos Obs. MB--at same time?". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=927 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Kepler 1966 DEc 04 UTC 05:10 Observed by de Beraud (Flossmoore, Ilinois, USA, 6" reflector, x360, S=G) "Saw a bright area thru. blue filter but could not see it in red filter. Decided it was a bluish phenomenon." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1001.
Alphonsus 1980 Jul 04 10:35-10:48UT Observed by B. Hobdell (St Petersberg, Florida, 6cm refractor and 20cm reflector. x130. Seeing Antoniadi I) "A dark discolouration was seen on the east floor, adjacent to the central peak and the dark area on the west floor directly south of the prominent dark area. Hobdell thinks it was a small crater on a secondary rill with slight venting discolooration, seen in Orbiter pictures. A sketch was made and the BAA alerted. The sketch matches the dark spots in Alphonsus (normal aspects?)" cameron comments that the sketch looks like the aspect in the Lick composite photos. Foley comments that dark at this lunar age is not normal. A UK observation made 14 hours later looked normal. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=99 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Copernicus 1939 Sep 06 UTC 06:00 Observed by Haas? (New Mexico?, 12" reflector) "Dark area at foot of N. inner wall had I=4.8 comp. with I= 1.8 in #451. (same phase so a real difference)." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #460.
On 1983 Dec 28 at UT03:30-05:00 Moseley (Covington, England, UK, seeing=V-IV and transparency=good) detected some detail within the shadow under good moments of seeing. The external brightness was extended to the east wall at a clock position of 9 O'clock, but did not go outside the rim. It was less bright at the 11 O'clock position. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=236 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1979 Jul 18 at UT 00:24-01:10 P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK, 15cm reflector, x35, x52, x73 and x110, seeing IV-V, transparency very good). Note that the observing date was also written as Jul 14th in the original report? Puiseaux was very clear in white light, but could not see the cenrtral peak. The central peak though was visible through a Wratten 15 (yellow) filter. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1975 Sep 29 at 21:15-21:55UT P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, using a 12" reflector, x200, seeing III), saw colour on Plato - blue on the inner south west rim and red on the inner south east rim. No colour was seen elsewhere on the Moon. This was a BAA Lunar Section Observation. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1956 Jul 30 at UT 19:13 Dzapiashvili (Pulkova, Russia) observed the following in Posidonius: "Short term sharp changes in polarization in crater (in ashen light)". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=643 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
Alphonsus 1966 Apr 17 UT 05:06 Observed by Cross (England) "Blink on SW floor of Alphonsus (moon rise @ 04:20, rotating filterblink rechnique without image tube that Tridant and Corralitos had)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #928
Mare Tranquilitatis 1951 Dec 01 UT 01:08 L.T. Johnson (USA) suspected a flash near Cruger in Earthshine. Not sure whether stationary or moving. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1961 Apr 19 at UT 20:00? an unknown observer reported in Aristarchus a light flash for 15 seconds. Cameron suspects a meteor? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=735 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1981 Apr 08 at UT 21:45-22:00 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector) found Aristarchus to be very bright, blue and variable. For example a CED brightness measurement at 21:45 was 0.5 and at 22:00 was 0.2. He also saw some white flashes on the eastern wall lasting each 2 sec in duration, Cameron 2006 catalog ID=128 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1987 Feb 03 at 00:30UT J. de Carlo (Little Falls, NJ, USA, 4.5" refractor, x260, x350, seeing-very good) observed a very bright yellow light in the centre of Mare Crisium (near a raised crevice), almost like a "gigantic nuclear bomb explosion "which expanded (to 1/8th the diameter of mare Crisium) and then reduced in size. The flare fickered at a rate of 1/10s. apparently the edge of this TLP looked rough, almost like emittyed debris. The TLP was fixed in position on the Moon. TLP confirmed by observer's father. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=295 and the weight=3. the ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2002 Feb 26th at 18:41:25 UT Michael Hather saw, on the limits of vision, a brief magnitude 7 white flash about 300 km north west of Aristarchus, in Earthshine. He was using a 120 mm refractor. No other observers were observing at this time.
On 1981 Jun 06 at UT 21:30 G.W. Amery (Reading, UK, 10" reflector, seeing III) observed that Aristarchus was "quite distinctly even in twilight & Moon's altitude. Remaining dark areas were just visible". The 2006 Cameron catalog ID=142 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1821 Feb 06 at UT 18:00-19:00 At 18:00UT H. Kater (London, UK), Olbers (Bremen, Germany), Browne (UK), commented that Aristarchus looked like a 6-7th magnitude lumninous star, some 3-4' in diameter. At 19:00UT Aristarchus looked like a cloudy spot according to Ward and Bailley (England, large telescope, x80). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= 84-85 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1931 Feb 22 at UT 20:30 Joulia (Castelnaudary, Aude, France?) observed in the Aristarchus region: "Reddish-yellow glimmer of light, very variable with nearly complete extinction. (similar to Herschel's 1787 & Tempel's 6/10/1866 obs.)". The Cameron 1978 atalog ID=399 and weight=3.
On 1978 Dec 25 at UT 02:00 Taboada (Mexico) noticed that Aristarchus appeared to brighten in the dark though less intensely than Copernicus and Kepler (Cameron comments: šlso brightening?). Alerted for tidal predictions by Middlehurst - Apollo 8 watch. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1111 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1979 Jun 30 at UT0246-0319 D. & D. Darling (Sun Praire, WL, USA, 12.5" reflector, 80x and 150x, S=5/10). A weak blue glow seen in the Aristarchus region. It was fainter than that in May 1979 but was relatively easier to see. There was one "streamer" going south and another to the south west, and then smaller ones within the crater. These streamers started to fade from view at 03:04UT and the blow glow changed to a blow spot and Aristarchus became normal by 03:19 UT. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=56 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Nebulous appearance. Cameron 1978 catalog assigns an ID No. of 12 and a weight of 1. ALPO/BAA catalog assigns a weight of 1.
Observer: Fallows Observing site: Cape Town, South Africa. Cameron 1978 catalog describes the event as: Bright star-like point. A more detailed account is as follows: Early in the year 1821 -- and a light shone out on the moon -- a bright point of light in the lunar crater Aristarchus, which was in the dark at the time. It was seen, upon the 4th and the 7th of February, by Capt. Kater (An. Reg., 1821- 689); and upon the 5th by Dr. Olbers (Mems. R.A.S., 1-159).(25) It was a light like a star, and was seen again, May 4th and 6th, by the Rev. M. Ward and by Francis Bailey (Mems. R.A.S., 1-159).(26) At Cape Town, nights of Nov. 28th and 29th, 1821, again a star-like light was seen upon the moon (Phil. Trans., 112-237).(27).Cameron 1978 catalog ID=92 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Theophilus 1966 Jan 28 UTC 01:24-03:45 Observed by Cross & Ariola (Whittier, CA, USA, 19" reflector, x300, S=6-4, T=4, "3 red patches appearing and dissappearing at different times. Obscurred at sunrise on it. Later, red patch appeared on the floor." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #920. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Ross D 1967 Dec 8 UT 02:30-02:40 Observer: Harris (Tucson?, AZ?), colourless bright area SW of Ross D with repeated condensations that appeared then dissipated in thirty seconds to a minute. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 2003 February 8,2003 UTC 02:09-03:07 Observed by Gray (Winnemucca, NV, USA, 152mm F9 refractor Seeing 6-7, Transparency 6 305x) "Blinked Proclus with Wratten Red 25 and Blue 38A filters. Features seen through the red filter were basically seen with the same degree of clarity as in white light, in the case of sunlit walls, maybe a little bit better in the red. With the Blue 38A filter only the brightest part of the crater walls (north end) was visible-the rest of Proclus was dark shadow. At 3:07UT I compared the brightest parts of Proclus with Censorinus and Dionysius. The brightest parts of Proclus and Dionysius were comparable. Censorinus was much less bright than either of the above craters-the halo and crater were much faded over its usual brilliant appearance. Both Censorinus and Censorinus A were visible as distinct craters at 114x. The black shadow covering the east 40% of Proclus last night had broken up into three patches separated from each other by lighter bands. These were confined to the east crater wall. Only the central patch was black, the other two were considerably lighter. Running along the southwest edge of the crater floor of the crater floor appeared to be a hill to the north of which was a less elevated plateau. As the observing period progressed part of the brilliantly illuminated north crater wall developed a darker area which gradually became more prominent. As the sun is getting higher I would expect shadows and dark areas to diminish-what was happening here is unknown. However, this is not an unusual event for this part of Proclus". The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Theophilus 1964 May 18 UTC 01:05-01:15 Observed by Dieke (Baltimore, MD, USA, 6" refractor, x125) "Crescent of crsimson color on SW between rim & flor. Was not present at 0500, nor did it reappear from 0115 to 0245h" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #812.
Alphonsus 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #873.
Aristarchus 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #873.
Censorinus 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hopmann (Czecholovakia?) "Green flash or brightening (date correct ? written 8-4-65. First taken as American convention, thus as Aug. 4, but now think it was in European convention of day first then month)." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #873a.
Hyginius N 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #873.
Linne 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #873.
Proclus 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #873.
On 1987 Nov 28 at UT 04:16-04:45 D. Louderback (South Bend, WI, USA, 3"reflector, x150, S=E) observed that the Promontorium Agarum plateau was rather dull and grayish - usually it was "tannish" "even > sunlit areas, & twin craters at his point A which are always > spots on plateau. At 0420 whole plateau sank into complete darkness, hard to distinguish from mare plain. albedo dropped to 5 from 6.8 reading. Nearby plain was normal 5 so phenomena had not spread to it. At 0424 Cape started to reappear to albedo 6 until 0445, when it returned to normal, but not sharply defined - like through haze. Detail better in red than in blue filter, sketches. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=315 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
In 1878 Oct 03 at UT 20:00 an Unknown observer noted that Hyginus Nova had the most conspicuous of all appearances, and there was no trace of it on 1878 Oct 04. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=201 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Einmart 1913 Jan 15 UTC 00:12 Observed by Pickering (Cambridge, Massachusets, 11" refractor, x330) "Spreading apron of white material like a sea of cloud. Not seen again after this date. Crater had been brightest area on moon between it & limb -- albedo 9. on Aug 5 albedo = 6. His atlas shows it bright. It grew dull after this date. He gave col. as 117? but FQ was at 1/15/?? at 10h" - note the quality of the NASA microfische is very bad and probably some of this text has been incorrectly read?. NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID # 342.
Mare Crisium 1989 Jan 14 UTC 19:15 Observed by Hedley-Robinson (Devon, UK, 5" Coude, Antoniadi II seeing, x150) "Floor blinks indicating colour - used a Moon blink device". 2 areas of the floor were affected, The first one was on the far west of Mare Crisium, next to Proclus crater. The second area was in the NNW, but outside the edge of the mare. Other features elsewhere checked but gave no colour reaction. Peters (UK) though did detect colour elsewhere, but his seeing was III- IV. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=344 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1989 Jan 14 at UT 19:15-19:30 M. Holmes (Rochdale, England, UK) reported that Torricelli B was "dull & inconspicuous". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=344 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
1987 Feb 06 UTC 02:35 Observed by Darling (Sun Praire, Wisconsin, USA, 12.5" Newtonian x342) "I was using a 12.5 f5 Newtonian reflector with a 9mm eyepiece and 2x Barlow with no filters. I had been observing other features on the Moon when I had panned to the area where the sunrise was taking place on Mount Piton. The mountain peak looked like a shimmering block of ice with a phosphorescence luminescence cloud around the peak. What was really interesting was the shaft of light streaming across the Lunar Maria that appeared like a cone and it came to a point near Mount Piton. The Mountain had the appearance of mother of pearl and the luster or glow that surround the peak only lasted about 20 minutes." The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=296 and gthe weight=4. the ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Proclus 1972 Aug 17 UT 20:05-21:10 Observed by Haiduk (13.25E, 52.5N, 60mm refractor, S=1, T=3) "Well visible bright area at the NE wall, end of event uncertain for seeing became poor" Hilbrecht & Kuveler Moon & Planets (1984) Vol 30, pp53-61.
Proclus 1972 Oct 15 UT 20:48 Observed by Hopp (13.25E, 52.5N, 75mm refractor) "Bright flash at the NW wall but poor seeing." T=3, S=5. Ref: Hilbrecht & Kuveler Moon & Planets (1984) Vol 30, pp53-61. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1995 Jul 06 at UT 03:22-03:57 R. Spellman (Los Angeles, USA found that the floor of Proclus appeared to darken slightly through a blue filter. The ALPO/BAA weight=2. Source of this observation came from Spellman's web site.
In 1878 Oct 04 at UT 20:00 an Unknown observer noted that Hyginus Nova could not be seen, whereas the night before the crater had the most conspicuous of all appearances. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=201 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Williams of the UK, on 1892 Sep 20 at Moon's age 8.4 days, noticed a spot that had been seen on the 21st and 23rd of the same year with abnormal brightness. The spot was near Picard. Williams comments the spot was "nearly as large but a little fainter than Picard, This observation was reported in the Astronomical Register of the Royal Astronomical Society and is not included in the Cameron catalogs. It is one of many measurements of the brightness of this spot for different illumination angles and is one of three outlying brightness points spotted on a graph by Willaims. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1867 Apr 12 at UT 19:30-21:00 Elger (Liverpool? UK, 4" aperture telescope) observed Aristarchus in Earthshine "grew fainter 7th mag. star; much fainter in last 15 min. & barely perceptible at 9PM. Had seen something similar on former occ." The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=152 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1964 May 20 UT 01:00-01:30 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 2.4" refractor x117, S=6, T=5). "Orange-red color on W. wall. Vivid" NASA catalof weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #813.
Eratosthenes 1976 Jun 06 UT 02:01 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3" reflector x54-300, S=5, T=5) "Bowel was full of shadow but a small 5 deg bright spot on NE floor. Nothing seen in 1975 at nearly same col. but shadow was deeper." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1432.
On 1916 Sep 05 at UT 19:30 Markov (Russia) observed in Plato light on shadow of the bands at the bottom of the crater. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=364 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Mons la Hire 1972 Nov 15 UT 09:45-10:18 M.Geisel (Brisbane, Australia, 12.5" f/8 reflector, x90) discovered the TLP, P. Anderson (9.5" reflector) independently confirmed that the TLP had an effect in his Moon Blink device - but the effect (suspected that the blink was caused by the extreme nrightness of the mountain?) was weak and thought it not worth further investigation. Photographs taken by Anderson. Geisel believes the effect to be real and states that the area remained sharp and clear throughout. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Proclus 1969 Nov 18 UT 20:00? Observed by Classen (Pulnitz, Czechoslovakia, 8" refractor) "Brightened, exceeded normal. Brightness is monitored relative to Censorinus. (started July, 1969) Obs. thinks all bright craters are variable. (Apollo 12 watch)." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1216.
On 1995 Jul 07 at UT 04:22 R. Spellman (Los Angeles, CA, USA) noted that the floor of Copernicus was slightly darker in blue light. The ALPO/BAA weight=1. This report came from R. Spellman's web site.
On 1995 Jul 07 at UT 04:22 R. Spellman (Los Angeles, CA, USA) noted that the inside of Bodin darkened in blue light and also the floor was darker in white light than it was the previous day. The ALPO/BAA weight=1. This report came from R. Spellman's web site.
On 1995 Jul 07 at 04:22UT R. Spellman (Los Angeles, CA, USA) noted that the floor of Proclus looked slightly darker in blue light. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Copernicus 1969 Nov 18 UT 21:10-21:11 Observed by Hedervari (Budapest, Hungary, 3.5" refractor) "Yellowish-red stripe on inner W. wall (chrom. aberr.? Apollo 12 watch)." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID No. 1217. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1960 Aug? 01 at UT 22:00? an unknown observer detected that Vitello was illuminated -it should have been in shadow? Cameron says that if several days before sunrise then the date could have been July through to December, with August 1st most likely, and ancilary data is therefore given for this date. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=729 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Goldschmidt 1969 Nov 18 UT 21:59 Observed by Brandi (Wald, Switzerland, 6" reflector x90) "Brightening -- photo. (the author, WSC, cannot verify LTP on film. Its brightness similar to other features at same term. dist. Shadow is anomolous if real -- very narrow streak beside it & beyond main shadow (Apollo 12 watch)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #1218.
Plato 1878 Oct 05 UT 21:40 Observed by Klein (Cologne, Germany, 6?" refractor) "Fog in W. part of crater. Faint shimmer like thin white cloud" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #203.
2007 Oct 20 UT 17:31 A.Pink (Basinkstoke, UK) images a flash on the dark size of the Moon near to Vitello. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1982 Mar 04 at UT 20:00 M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK) found Censorinus (4.6) to be brighter than Proclus (4.0) in white light. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=164 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1982 Mar 04 at UT 20:00 M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK) found Proclus (4.0) to be fainter than Censorinus (4.6) in white light. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=164 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1989 Jan 16 at UT 20:00 G. North (Herstmonceux, UK, 30" reflector) observed Toricelli B to change in brightness and found colour in it. A 10 minute exposure spectrum was taken (Cameron does not have information on whether anything unusual was recoeded) before clouds obscured the Moon. Normally a 30 minute exposure would be needed. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=345 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1979 Apr 06 UT 18:00-21:00 Observed by Crick (Belgium, seeing II- III) Part of floor darker than normal and obscuration on inner west wall - the effect did not change during the observation. Drawing made. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=49 and weight=3. ALPO-BAA weight=2.
Observed by G.H. Johnstone of Albuquerque, NM, USA on 1954 Nov 05 UT 20:00 (according to Cameron), but 02:00-04:00 according to the original observation and at colongitudes 34.7 to 35.7 deg. 4" reflector, x150 used. The obsewrver reported that the western part (about 1/3rd of the interior) was pitch black with shadow. However there was a zone about as wide, or perhaps only a fourth of the total width that was distinctly a lighter bluish shade, almost like twilight. The shadows of the peaks on the western edge of the rim were clearly seen crossing this bluish shadowed area. Then this area ended sharply, and the farside was bathed in light from the rising sun. The shadows of the peak were sharply defined across the twilight zone, and the edge of the pitch black shadow was easily defined but not as sharp as the darker shadows crossing the the blue twilight zone. The observer checked other craters but did not see this condition in any of them - they all had the abrupt division between black and white that we would normally expect to see. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=579 and weight=2. Reference 1962 edition of ALPO's Journal: The Stolling Astronomer. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Censorinus 1969 Nov 19 UT 1922 Observed by Brandli (Wald, Switzerland, 6" reflector, x90) "Brightening -- photo, (the author, WBC, cannot verify from photo. It is brighter, but so are Proc. & Dionys. -- it being between. i.e. Proc. > Censor. > Dionys. Apollo 12 watch)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #1220. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1970 Dec 08 UT 18:00-23:59 UT Observed by Fitton (Oldham, England, 8.5" refkector, S=VG) "All surrounding detailperfect, but barely a trace of floor detail. A suggestion of 2 or 3 white spots including central A seen only on one examination out of five. "sector" beginning to show. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
P. Moore at 21:10 found the southern wall (and ontothe southern floor) of the crater to be indistinct. Elsewhere in the crater everything was sharp. The effect was still seen at 21:42UT, but less strong. A check was made for colour with aq Moonblink device, but none was seen. There was still a trace of this effect at 21:44UT, although detail was now becoming visible. By 21:48UT vertical streaks were seen crossing the floor from the obscuration area and these were more visible in the red filter and not in the blue. Cameron comments that undefined patches on the floor of Plato are not normal. By 21:55UT some craterlets on the floor started to become visible and the TLP for Moore ended by UT22:23. P.Foley was alerted by Moore and saw a "amssive dense obsecuration on the south wall, south floor and south outer glacis to the Mare". Foley noted that by 21:50UT the effect was fading and finished by 22:03UT. Foley reported an orange translucent haze covering half of the floor, but floor craterlets could be seen on and off - however his atmospheric seeing conditions were IV. At 22:00 UT Foley reported the floor close to the north wall to be "milky or misty". No detail was visible at 21:15UT and variability in the floor continued until 23:10UT. Hedly-Robinson was aleted at 21:35UT and found no difference between red and blue views of the area, however he did find that the south rim was indistinct although this effect had lessened by 22:00 UT and was normal by 22:17UT. M. Mobberly saw a white spot on the floor at 21:20 UT, whereas he normally would have expected to see craterlets. Mobberly was alerted at 21:40 UT and took some colour photos. He also made sketches that showed variability in the floor and dark lines and patches in the north west corner. However the altitude of the Moon was low. Cameron mentions that two of the photos show loss of detail at the south wall and beyond.and also a change in the floor markings.The north wall at 21:50UT was strangely reddish (didn't think this was spurious colour). The rest of the wall was sharp at 22:20UT through a yellow filter. Large bright patch in the centre and rest of the floor was apparently of the same shading as Mare Imbrium. The above notes are based upon the Cameron 2006 catalog extension TLP ID 145 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1870 May 10 UTC 22:00 Observed by Birt (England) "Extraordinary display of lights. Says not effect of sunlight" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #167.
Piton 1969 Nov 19 UT 21:15-22:00 Observed by Baum (England, 4.5" refractor) "Traces of cloudiness on E. slope at 2115h. Increased at 2150h in extent & brightness. Spread onto plain. Summit & shadow in W. part sharp & clear. (Apollo 12 watch)." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #1221. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
C. Brook of Plymouth UK, using a 4" refractor x216, noticed at UT 20:10 dark patches coming and going (in terms of visibility) on the floor of Plato. Occasional views of the central cratelet (seen as a white spot) were glimpsed. The dark patches seen lasted about 1-2 seconds before fading out during each visibility cycle. Teneriff Mountains were checked but no sign of seeing effects that might explain the dark floor patches. By 20:26UT the dark patch effect was fading and by 20:31UT floor detail was visible. Observations ceased at UT 20:34. Seeing conditions were II and the Moon was at a high altitude. Other observers were alerted but came on-line after the effect had finished. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
At approximately 18:43UT observer noticed that Censorinus, and its bright apron, appeared particularly brighter than normal. There was some spurious colour present - but just a redness along the southernmost extent of the apron visible; could not detect any blue along the northern edge however, he did do not suspect the colour to be anomalous. A re-examination at 18:51UT revealed that the crater had faded and was seen to fade visibly in real time to normal levels (over about a minute) by 18:53UT. Other features remained constant and so too did the apparent spurious colour.
Ramsden 1999 May 25 UT 20:57-21:22 Observed by Brook (Plymouth, UK, 4" refractor, x216, seeing II-III) "Bright spot on W wall - brightness variation seen. - At the start it was bright, then it faded, and towards the end of the observation it was starting to brighten again". BAA Lunar Section observation. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
U.K. observers: G. North and P. Foley, both saw a wisp of blue associated with this crater. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=209 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Eratosthenes 1968 Nov 01 UT 01:50-02:06 Observed by Chilton (Hamilton, Canada, 12" reflector, 300x) "Red glow in the crater. Weak blink beyond ESE (IAU?) wall. Visually, area would not focus & gave impression of fog cascading down slope, but no motion was vis. (Moore has misprint in time in his cat. extension -- should be 0150-0206)." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID 1106. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Daniell 1979 Jun 05 UT 20:15-21:10 Observed by Price (Camberley, England, 152mm reflector x64 and x128, seeing III, transparency good) "Obscuration seen" BAA Lunar Section report.
Daniell 1979 Jun 05 UT 20:15-23:00 Observed by Price (Camberley, England, 152mm reflector x64 and x128, seeing III, transparency good) observed that Posidonius lacked sharpness.
Plato 1870 May 11 UTC 22:00 Observed by Birt (England) "Extraordinary display of lights. Says not effect of sunlight" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #167.
Peice A (Swift=IAU name?) 1927 May 12 UT 22:03 Observed by Wilkins (England, 15" reflector) "Complete obscuration of crater. Saw no trace of it. It was vis. May 11 & faint on May 13. 3x in 1948 Moore saw whole area misty gray & devoid of detail, whereas surroundings were sharp & clear. Birt also found it invis. at times in late 1800's" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #394. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
SE of Ross D 1965 Mar 14 UT 07:40 Observed by Cross (Whittier, CA, USA, 12" reflector) "Crater wall partially obscured; bright" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #872.
Aristarchus 1969 Nov 20 UT 19:45-20:05 Observed by Becker (Holland, 4" refractor) "Sharp whiteness on inner W. (ast. ?) side (Apollo 12 watch)" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1224.
Gassendi 1969 Nov 20 UT 19:30-19:45 Observed by Becker (Holland, 4" refractor) "Curious small shadow from NW (ast. ?) wall. (Apollo 12 watch)" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1224.
Aristarchus visible just past terminator. West wall was brighter than normal. Bright flash seen in/on NW wall - apparently in the same place as Pedler's May 17th sketch. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=146 and weight=4. Observed by M. Price of Camberley, Surrey, UK with a 6" reflector and a Moon Blink device. Seeing=III.
Plato 1981 Jun 13 UT 20:48-21:08 Observed by Price (Camberley, England, 152mm reflector, seeing III) Possible Moon blink (red) seen on north wall. Also the craterlets on the floor could be seen despite the observing conditions not being optimal. BAA Lunar Section observation. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=146 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1990 Jan 08 at UT00:55 D. Weier (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x159) observed an "anomalous black bar across Aris. Nearly digonal to terminator." The nearby crater Prinz had curious shadow patterns, perhaps related to the rising sun projecting shadows from the eastern rim and "reflected down"? "At 0224 W wall had a break in it & a diffuse glow where it should not be. Manske thinks it was Earthshine effect. At 0305 Weier saw Manske's bar - with diffused light and flicker like an aurora - like a gas with electric charge. At 0325 saw a strange glow in Aris. but may be due to atm. though thought it to be a LTP. Darling had never seen such effects before (flickering implies a medium in it)." The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=387 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Observer noted a bright spot on the interior west wall that seemed brighter than what they would have expected. unfortunately the precise time of this observation was not recorded so the moon-rise and midnight UT values are used to place a limit on the time of observation. Images by Shaw taken at UT 1754, 18:45 and 23:13 do not exhibit the effect.
On 1984 Jan 14 at UT 20:00 P. Moore (Selsey, UK) observed that Aristarchus was brighter than it normally is at sunrise. No quantitative measurements were made though. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=238 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Censorinus 1981 Apr 15 UT 22:15-23:10 M. Cook (Frimley, UK), using a 12" reflector,found Censorinus to be glowing exceedingly bright and was brighter than Proclus. It dulled later, but was still brighter than Proclus. Censorinus was also slightly brighter in blue than in red light. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=130 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus-Herodotus 1968 Dec 31 UT 03:30-03:45 Observed by Taboada (Mexico) "Terminator between the two was diminishing in brightness over edge of Herod. at 0345, 2 darker spots seen over same place. (alerted by Middlehurst for tidal predict.?)" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1112.
On 1968 Dec 31 at UT 03:30-03:45 Taboada (Mexico) observed the terminator between Aristarchus and Herodotus was diminishing in brightness at 03:45UT over the edge of Herodotus. Two darker spots were seen over same place. Alerted by Middlehurst for tidal predict? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1112 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Torricelli B 2005 Jan 21 UT 21:21-21:43 Observed by North (Norfolk, UK, 20cm reflector, x64, x128, Seeing IV, Transparency, moderate) "Torricelli B appeared rather dull with a prominent dark halo of a strongly bluish tint. The halo extends a few sec of arc beyond the crater. At 21:21-21:43 crater was varying in brightness but this may have been due to the seeing? By 21:42 the dark halo was gone. By 21:44- 21:49 UT the crater was brighter and more normal in brightness than before. By 22:17 UT all was normal. The variations in brightness were also seen by Cook (Mundesley, UK). Observations by Carbognani (Itlay) 21:20-23:10 failed to find any variations in brightness. Nor did Amato (CT, USA) from 23:00-23:15 UT."
On 1978 May 18 at UT20:45-21:53 J.D. Cook (Frimley, UK, 12" reflector, x240) observed Promitorium Laplace to have visually a brown colour - though no Moon Blink (red and blue filters) effect was detected. Cameron comments that this is probably a subjective effect - also others have reported something similar at times. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=30 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1998 Jul 05 P. Moore (Selsey, UK, 15" reflector, x200- x400, seeing II/III) comments that he is puzzled why the floor of Plato, which is light gray in shade, looks completely blank tonight. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Barker's Quadrangle (Capuanus) 26W, 34S 1949 Feb 9 UT 20:00? Observed by Moore (England, 12" reflector) :Quadrangle not seen, apparently misty. (quad. in Capuanus? see Wilkins & Moore, The Moon, p124)" NASA catalog ID=514, weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3..
M. Cook of Frimley, UK observed a brightening of the crater during this observing session. The cameron 2006 extended catalog ID=346 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
M. Cook of Frimley, UK, noticed Torricelli B to have a blue tinge inside and outside. No colour had been noticed earlier on 19-21 Mar. Cameron reports also in her catalog that the halo around Torricelli B had lost its brilliance as seen on 29th Mar. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=210 and weight=5 - apparently being confirmed by Marshall, Mobberley and Foley. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1939 Sep 25 UT 01:30 Observed by Haas (New Mexico? 12" reflector?) "NE part pf c.p. had I=9.4 comp. with I=6.4 (normal? in # 458. under similar obs. cond. (& phase. thus real diff.)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #462.
Gassendi 1967 Mar 22 UTC 19:39-19:43 Observed by Mosely (Armagh, N. Ireland, 10" refractor, x360) "Red color & blink strongly suspected in small area centred on junction of 3 clefts 1/2 way from c.p. & ESE wall. Well-defined & did not note change during obs. period. Clouds terminated obs. till 2120 when it was not seen." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1018.
Torricelli B 2005 Jan 22 UT 01:00 Observed by Serio (Houston, TX, USA, 6" Cassegrain, x150 and x180, Seeing 3, high deck of Cirrus clouds) "Torricelli B hard to make out in the videos taken, but images taken through cloud. A check on the image received by the coordinator shows that Torricelli B is in fact visible, but perhaps not very bright. A later observational sequence of images by Raul Salvo (Montevideo, Uraguay UT 03:15-03:23) showed similarly that Torricelli B was dark, and there was some brightness variability although the background setting on these was low" An ALPO report.
G. Ward (a lunar observer for 15 years) observed an area just south west of Mersenius C to be blurred and in a greenish cloud. The green colour was more like that of dead grass than one gets from a neon bulb. The effect was seen from 04:50-04:57UT, but could have been going on before it was first noted at 04:50-UT. Seeing was 6-7/10 4" Refractor (2 element). refractor had been used hundreds of hours before (over a 10 year period) with no similar colour was seen. The observer checked other areas but did not see any similar effects. They also rotated and changed eyepieces, but this made no difference to the TLP. The TLP site seen was picked up on an image taken earlier at 04:47UT by W. Bailley, from Sewell, NJ, USA. Unfortunately the area concerned, a mountain on the image, was saturated and so we cannot tell if a colour was present there and the seeing was poor.
At 03:30UT observer noticed a hint of yellow colour on the floor of the crater and by 03:57UT the south east and central parts of the floor and the circular feature on the south west floor had turned a deep yellow colour. The rest of the crater remained colourless. Other craters also remained colourless. By 04:05UT the colour was fading and by 04:15UT it was gone. Maurice Collins in New Zealand took some low resolution colour images about 4 hours later but these failed to show any yellow colour. Zac Pujic obtained colour images at a different time of natural surface colour on the Moon and finds that Bullialdus does actually have a natural yellow cast to most of the floor. However this does not explain the variability in colour strength seen by Robin Gray. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1986 Dec 13 UT 20:30 Observed by A. Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing III) North East quadrant of Plato the crater was blurred and ill-defined. Also no craterlets visible anywhere on the floor of Plato until the central craterlet was just glimpsed later at 23:00-23:45, though seeing now III-IV (cirrus at times in the sky). At this later time the NE rim was less blurred than before. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1870 May 12 UTC 22:00 Observed by Birt (England) "Extraordinary display of lights. Says not effect of sunlight" However an article by Nigel Logshaw in the Feb 2014 LSC suggests that it was probably just normal fine scale spots and streaks on the floor of the crater. NASA catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight= 1. NASA catalog ID #167.
Cobra Head 1955 Sep 28 UTC 23:00 Observed by Bestwick (England? 6?" reflector x240) "Diffused brown patch of smoke or vapor, almost obscured -- appeared over plain for a short distance."NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #612.
Foley, Kent, UK noted that the floor was slate blue-grey with no colour seen elsewhere. 12" reflector used, seeing=II. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID 131 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Foley (Kent, UK) saw the west wall dull and stongly coloured. Moore (Sussex, UK) saw the wall as normal. However Cameron points out that Foley (Kent, UK) is a lot more Blue/UV sensitive than Moore. Mosely (Covington, UK) at 22:10 UT noticed a brightening on the East wall and at 01:10-01:25 UT suspected that the interior had a weak yellow-green cast to it. Cook (Frimley, UK) states that orange colour was within the interior crater, but green beyond the east rim at the 9 O'Clock and the south east corner to floor blue/mauvre beyond the northern rim NW/WSW. Foley sstates that orange and blue/mauvre might be spurious colour, but green one cannot get this way. Cameon suggests chromatic aberatons as a possibility but thinks that the observers concerned were experienced enough to recognize this if it were the cause. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=239 and weight=0. Moore used a 15?" refletor and Foley used a 12" refletor. Mosely experienced II seeing and good transparency. Cook had III seeing and also good transparency. P. Grego made an observation this night too. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Herodotus 1969 Jan 01 UT 03:15 Observed by Taboada (Mexico) "Brightness in edge of crater dimmed & a heavy darkness was noted thru course of cleft (Schroter's Valley?). (alerted for tidal predict.?)"NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID # 1113. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1981 Jun 14 UT 21:58 Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 11.75" Newtonian, Seeing III, Transparency Good) "Obscuration Seen" BAA Lunar Section Observation. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2016 Jul 17 UT 03:49 P.Zeller (ALPO, Indianapolis, IN, USA) imaged a pseudo-peak with shadow on the floor of Herodotus, however the image scale and quality of this colour image were not great and the observer suspects that it might be an imaging artefact. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Cobra Head 1966 May 02 UT 20:05 Observed by Sartory (England, 8.5" reflector x400) "Eng. moon blink detected red spots, seen visually also". NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #934.
Gassendi 1966 May 02 UT 20:18-20:19 Observed by Sartory (England, 8.5" reflector x400) "Eng. moon blink detected red spots, seen visually also." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #935.
P. Foley of Kent, UK, using a 12" reflector, seeing=III-II, noticed that initially that the crater was pretty dull and that the floor was a slate blue-gray in colour at 22:45UT. A noticeable green spot inside the crater on the south east appeared at 22:25UT and vanished at 00:50UT. Cameron notes that one doesn't get green with spurious colour. Crater Extinction brightness measurements were made at 22:00 UT (reading=2.8) and at 23:45UT (reading=3.7). The crater dropped in brightness from 3.7 to 2.8 at 23:50UT and remained lower until 3.0 at 23:50-03:15 UT. A graph was produced and showed Proclus and Censorinus at similar brightnesses, but Aristarchus variable. The Earthshine was 0.3. Cameron 2006 Extension catalog ID=31 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Cobra Head 1967 Mar 23 UT 18:40-20:47 Observed by Sartory, Moore, Moseley (Farnham, England, 15" reflector (Sartory) seeing very poor & 10" refractor in Armagh, N. Ireland (Moore & Mosely) x360 - seeing Fair to Poor) "Red patch seen intermittently; moon-blink from 1916-2047h. Position agreed with Sartory who alerted them to Aris. area; checks on others were neg." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID 1020. Then Aristarchus 1967 Mar 23 UT 18:40-20:30, 21:30 by Marsh and Farrant (Cambridge, England, 8" reflector, x330). "Suspected colour on SW (ast.) wall. Farrant saw color in crater, completely independently, (inform. suggests same phenom. as seen by Moore & Moseley tho they said Cobra head). NASA Catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID # 1021. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1967 Mar 23 UTC 18:40-18:50 Observed by Sartory (Farnham, England, 15" reflector) "Heavy blink on inner S. wall. Moved toward N. at 1845, faded at 1850." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1019.
Johnson, of Des Moines, Iowa, USA, using a 7" reflector and an 8" refractor, saw a bight streak. The observer looked later, but it was no longer visible. Cameron thinks that it might have been a reflection from the wall. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=423 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
D. Darling of (Sun Praire, WI, USA, using a 12.5" reflector at x150, noticed a hint of red? colour on the south west rim of Aristarchus. Brightness measurements were normal for Aristarchus and Herodotus. No colour seen elsewhere e.g. Prom. LaPlace. The colour on Aristarchus had gone by 01:15UT. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=414 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
A fleeting faint reddish patch was seen in Gassendi at 21:15UT. This observation has an ALPO/BAA weight of 2.
Rays of(?) (in?) Herodotus 1955 Oct 28 UTC 18:30 Observed by Kozyrev (Crimea, Russia, 50" reflector, spectragraph) "Spectrum 3934A (K of Ca). 3964 (H of Ca) change in luminosity. 13% in H, 19% in K, 2% in H, 3% in K. in photo-line-depth method" NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #622. ALPO/BAA weight=5.
Plato 1870 May 13 UT 22:00? Observed by Pratt (---), Elger (Liverpool, England), (Gledhill (Brighton, England) "Extraordinary display of lights. 27 seen by Pratt, 28 by Elger, only 4 by Gledhill. (independ. confirm. ?" NASA catalog weight=5 (very good) NASA catalog ID #168. A bit more of a detailed report is as follows: "Upon the 13th of May, 1870, there was an "extraordinary display," according to Birt: 27 lights were seen by Pratt, and 28 by Elger, but only 4 by Gledhill, in Brighton. Atmospheric conditions may have made this difference, or the lights may have run up and down a scale from 4 to 28. As to independence of sunlight, Pratt says (Rept. B.A., 1871-88), at to this display, that only the fixed, charted points so shone, and that other parts of the crater were not illuminated, as they would have been to an incidence common throughout.(30) In Pratt's opinion, and, I think, in the opinion of the other observers, these lights were volcanic." ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Mobberley of Suffolk, UK, and using a 14" reflector and seeing=I-II saw yellowish/brown streaks within Aristarchus. A sketch indicates that these extended from a region on the east floor to the north west corner, and then finally onto the bands on the west wall. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=132 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1981 Jun 15 UTC 21:30 Observed by Amery (Reading, England, 25cm reflector, seeing Antoniadi IV-V) At the 4 O'Clock position on the North West corner?, there was a dark smudge which reached from the floor across and over the wall and onto the terrain outside the crater. Foley, alerted by Amery, saw a dark show-like patch in the crater's north west corner, again lying across the rim. 2006 Cameron catalog extension ID=148 and weight=4. Foley used a 12" reflector and seeing was III-V. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1989 Oct 13 UTC 21:00 Observed by Cook (Frimley, Surrey, UK, 20cm reflector (visual and video)) "Aristarchus had what appeared to be a outline of a ghost crater on it's eastern side - quite large and bright". Cameron 2006 extended catalog TLP ID No=378 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Manilius 1968 Nov 04 UT 00:15-00:30 Observed by Jean et al. (Montreal, Canada, 4" refractor, 6" reflector) "Extremeley bright flash on Men. & Man. each." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1101.
Menelaus 1968 Nov 04 UT 00:15-00:30 Observed by Jean et al. (Montreal, Canada, 4" refractor, 6" reflector) "Extremeley bright flash on Men. & Man. each." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1101.
Plato 1874 Jan 01 UT 20:00? Observed by Pratt (England?) "Unusual appearance" NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID # 183. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
1982 Mar 08 Daniell UT 22:49-22:57 P.Madej (Hudersfield, UK) - A colour and brightness anomaly was seen a TLP alert was put out. Cameron 2006 catalog extension weight=165 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
"Brightening in blue filter, 1st for seconds, later for mins". NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #574.
Plato 1971 Nov 01 UT 19:35-20:35 Observed by Kidd (S.Shields, England, 16" reflector, S=G), Kirsopp (England), Fitton (Lancashire, England, 8" reflector x200) "NW (IAU?) rim, small area of obscur. & bright spot adjacent to it. Was normal at 2035h. Kirsopp confirmed. Fitton saw nothing unusual in blink patrol. (blink device detects color rather than brightness)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1318.
Manilius 1939 Jul 30 UT 06:00 Observed by Haas? (NM?, USA, 12?" reflector) "Dark area in S. part wad I=3.7 comp. with #449. Cond. were similar. (phase same. real difference?). (normal here?)"
Aristarchus-Herodotus 1969 Jan 03 UT 03:20-03:50 Observed by Taboada (Mexico) "Brightness between craters dimmed at 0345. Change in colouration in N. part of Aris. -- gray & slightly pinkish. Became more remarkable at 0350 in almost all the extension of the cleft, (Sch. Vall. ?)." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1114. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1972 Oct 21 UTC 2:10-22:45 observed by Schnuchal (52.5N, 13.25E, 600mm f/11.7 reflector, T=1, S=3) "Bright spot with maximum intensity at 22:10 UT diminution in brightness well observable" - Hilbrecht and Kuveler, Earth, Moon & Planets, 30 (1984),p53-61
On 2009 Sep 03 at UT23:15-23:17 B.Gibbs took some hand held digital SLR images of the Moon (Sky conditions clear). Four images were taken at: 23:14:53, 23:15:59, 23:16:05 and 23:17:23 (uncertainty +/-15 sec offset from actual UT). These showed some apparent variation in the brightness of Aristarchus. However there are ways toexplain this through image motion blur when the images were taken. However we cannot be absoultely sure. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
G.Amery (Reading, UK, seeing=II) saw a brilliant white rim, bands and central peak. There was also a clearly seen white glare like feature over the ESE wall that had a direction opposite to the crater interior bands. Cameron states that Foley says that this is usual. High CED brightness readings obtained. M.Cook of Frimley, UK, took CED measurements at 23:35UT and recorded a brightness of > 4.9. Reported a reversal of spurious colour - Cameron suspects that this was a local effect. No spurious colour noticed by anyone else. However the brightness of the crater was confirmed by other observers. Mosely suspected a brightness change on the inner east wall at a relative position of 8 O'Clock. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=259 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1973 Sep 11 UTC 20:48-21:06 observed by Pasternak (53deg 20'N, 7deg 30'E, 75mm reflector T=1, S=3) "reddish colours at the S of Aristarchus from 20.48-21.00 U.T., area spread to the region E of the crater at 20.57 U.T., disappeared there at 21.04U.T., no colours after 21.06 U.T." - Hilbrecht and Kuveler, Earth, Moon & Planets, 30 (1984), p53-61. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1967 Feb 24 UT 04:21 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 8" reflector?) Using an Eng. moon blink device, discovered red brightest on NNE wall summit - duration 10min. NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1017. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1961 Jun 27/28 23:00?-01:00? Observed by Granger & Ring (Italy). "Enhancement of Spectrum in UV at CaII similar to May obs." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #741. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Enhancement of spectrum in UV and CaI recorded on photoelectric spectrometer scans by Grainger and Ring in Italy. Effect seen on Aristarchus and a ray near Bessel (approx 17E, 22N). Cameron 1978 catalog ID=740 and weight=5. ALPO weight=3.
Proclus 1955 Aug 03 UTC 04:13-04:40 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector, x180, S=5, T=5) "Floor blackish 2 intensity but in green filter assumed a distinctly mottled or flocculent appearance -- seen only in green. Neither blue nor red had any effect, but on previous eve. green light had not produced such an appearance." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #602. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1897 Oct 10 at UT 19:00 Pickering (Cambridge, Mass. USA, 15" refractor?) observed in Shroter's valley and the vicinity, "Variations in vapor col. change in direction of cloud rising from F is marked (time est. fr. given colon.)" The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=292 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1976 Jun 12 UT 05:21 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore. MD. USA, 4.5" reflector, 40-225x, S=5, T=3, "Deep viol. tinge in N. 1/2 of nimbus. Faint blue-viol. radiance (gas ?) on E. - NE wall along crest. No color elsewhere, nor on plateau m." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1435.
Aristarchus vicinity 1842 Oct 18 UT 23:00? Observed by Gruithuisen (Munich, Germany) "Mingling of all colors in small spots in W. & NW of crater. (interposition of year dates? was # 101 --1842 prob. correct." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #121. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
F. Graham took some photos of the Cobras Head and found a blue cloud about 50 km in diameter and scattering light - Cameron says that this indicates high density. Darling found the Cobra's Head obscure and variable "clear and bright to diffused". Cameron was alerted observed (02:40UT) variations with periods of approximately 30 seconds, and thought that she could see a red tinge on the east rim of Aristarchus - checks elsewhere found no other colours. Darling found that a blue filter enhanced the effect and a red filter made it disappear. There was a blink at 02:55UT but no blink in the Cobra's Head, which looked fuzzy and lacking in detail. The effect was confirmed by Weier, who also saw two dark spots in the Cobra Head in blue but not in red light. The brightness of the Cobras Head was 6.0, Herodotus floor 5.5, NW wall 7.5, South wall, 7.0, Aristarchus south wall 9.0, west wall 9.0, south wall 7.0, East wall 8.0, and the central peak 10.0. Observer details were as follows: Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x159, S=9/10). D. Weier (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x159, S= 9/10), W. Cameron (Sedona, AZ, USA, 8" reflector x110 and x220, T=6 and S=6) F. Graham (E.Pittsburgh, PA, USA, 7" refractor, thin haze). Cameron 2006 catalog ID=415 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Archimedes 1940 Jun 20 UT 07:30 Observed by Haas (NM, USA, 12?" reflector) "NE wall (outer) had I=2.5 on this nite but 5.0 on Aug. 18 (see #471 -- both same phase so real diff. 2.5 normal?)" NASA weight=4. NASA ID No. #467. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Near Censorinus 1964 Apr 26 UT 20:00? Observed by Hopmann (Czchoslovakia?) "Surface brightening somewhat similar to Kopal and Rackham in #779" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #810.
Proclus 1972 Nov 20 UT 20:20 Observed by Farrant (Cambridge, England, 8.5" reflector, x178) "Dark patch in crater. Disappeared by next nite. The normal ring seemed thickened. On Dec. 7. the crater appeared bright. Drawings. (prob. real LTP, nr. FM)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1350.
Archimedes 1940 Aug 18 UT 03:25 Observed by Haas (NM?, USA, 12" reflector?) NE outer wall had I=5.0, but was I=2.5 on June 20 (see #467) (similar colong.)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #471. ALPO/BAA weight=2.