Conspicuous bright spot seen on 6th. Also seen on 7th, absent on 8th. Cloud-like effect where light had been (on 8th). Cameron 1978 catalog TLP ID No.=139 and weight=3.
Daniell 1894 Feb 23 UT 00:00? Observed by Krieger (Germany) "Strong, brownish-red coppery hue." NASA catalog weight=4 and catalog ID #281. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
1894 Feb 23 UT 00:00(?) Posidonius N. Wall observed by Krieger (Germany) "Strong, brownish-red coppery hue." NASA catalog weight=4 and catalog ID #281. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Cleomedes Alpha 1993 Sep 03 UT2200-22:20 G. North (UK, 18.25" reflector, x86 & x144) observed it to be a strikingly brilliant 'splodge' seen in the mostly shadow filled interior of Cleomedes, and around this splodge was a faint halo extending symetrically in an eastwards direction. The splodge was the mountain Cleomedes Alpha. Strangely no shadow from the mountain was seen to be cast onto the halo on the east. Observer alerted other observers by phone, and upon returning to the scope found that the splodge had faded in brightness and continued to fade over the next hour as one would expect from a mountain at sunset. Some heavy spurious colour was present. J. Cook & M. Cook (Frimley, UK) observed at 22:20-22:25 and found the bright splodge, but no halo. M. Cook re-observed later and confirmed normal fading of splodge. Roscoe observed from 00:30UT next day, but by that time Cleomedes Alpha had set and was no longer visible in the shadow filled floor. S. Beaumont had observed earlier at 20:00 but had recorded all as normal in Cleomedes. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=466 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Madler 1962 Apr 22 UTC 08:24 Observed by Wildey, Pohn (1st measurement) (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector with photometer) "Photometric measures show change in brightness from Vmag=3.79 to V=4.40. The average brightness for age 17d is V=3.99. Crater faded from .2 mag brighter than av. to .4 mag. fainter (@1.5 times fainter) than av., a range of .6 magnitude, or @ 1.5 times diff. in brightness". NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #757.
On 1961 Jul 01 at UT 00:00? an unknown Miranova (Russia or Israel) obtained some spectral photometry of lunar objects. A spectral plate in 425 -> 500nm bands. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=743 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1938 Jul 15 UTC 06:50 Observed by Haas (12" reflector?) "Floor -- definitely green under same conditions as 5/17/38 (see #437). Kaiser after 90 obs. couldn't find any regularity to appearance of the brown color in Plato. I=3.7 comp. with I=2.0 on 6/15/38 (see #439-- color of ground?)." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #440.
Aristarchus 1970 Jan 25 UT 07:00? Observed by Thomas, Rogers, Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector, Moon blink) "Bluing around the crater -- vis. in monitor but not photographe due to clouds" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1233
Madler 1962 Apr 22 UTC 11:48 Observed (2nd mesurement) by Wildey, Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector with photometer) "Photometric measures show change in brightness from Vmag=3.79 to V=4.40. The average brightness for age 17d is V=3.99. Crater faded from .2 mag brighter than av. to .4 mag. fainter (@1.5 times fainter) than av., a range of .6 magnitude, or @ 1.5 times diff. in brightness". NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #757.
1936 Oct 04 UT07:42 W.Haas drew bands, many smaller spots on floor. Pickering's atlas 9D col 141 shows bands but no bright spots. Haas' location Aliance, OH, USA. Reference: Haas, W. J.Royal Astr. Soc. Canada. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=416 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
In 1955 Oct 05 at UT 03:40-03:48 Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector, x180, S=6, T=5) observed in aristarchus an itenseley bright blue-violet glare on EWBS, E, and NE wall. The Cameron 1978 catalog IF= 620 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Near Kepler 1966 Dec 31 UT 03:00? Observed by Petrova, Pospergelis (Pulkova Observatory, Russia) "Special glow in this area. Confirmed by photoelectric method (Petrova) & polarimetric (Pospergelis?) almost simultaneously recorded by both" NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #1007.
On 1904 Aug 01 at 05:00? Pickering (Echo Mt., CA, USA) UT Plato: "Bright hazy obj., 2" diam. on floor, Obs before & after were normal". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=318 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Messier A 1951 Oct 20 UT 00:00? Observed by Moore (England) "Brilliant white circular patch in it. has seen it & Messier blurred several times." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #545 Note that the date and time given are probably wrong as the Sun is ~7deg below the local horizon at this time. ALPO/BAA weight=1 to reflect this error.
Jansen 2013 Aug 26 UT 00:30-01:30 P. Grego (Cornwall, UK, 20cm SCT, x200, seeing II, transparency good) observed a dark patch just east of Jansen D. He had not seen this before. There maybe a depression here hinted at in LOLA ndata. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2008 Oct 19 during 05:40-06:30UT D. Holt of Chipping, UK observed an anomalous patch of illumination just to the west of the centre of the Posidonius J crater. It is possible that this is just some high ground on the floor protruding through the shadow filled crater at sunset. Therefore this has been assigned a weight of 1 for now, just in case it is a TLP - until proven otherwise.
Aristarchus 1976 Aug 15 UT 23:00-23:45 Observed by Garbott (2) (Bedfordshire, England, 10" reflector x500, seeing Antoniadi I) and by Moore (Sussex, England, 15" reflector, x360, seeing Antoniadi IV) "Noted blue color on N. wall extending toward Herod. Also saw orange color in S. region. Confirmed by father. (similar to many of Bartlett's rept's.), More noted nothing unusual at 2320h." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1444. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2009 Oct 09 UT11:00-11:04 NASA's LCROSS upper centaur stage, followed 4 min later by the observation spacecraft, is due to impact into a the crater Cabeus in the hope of kicking up some dust and possible frozen volatiles. Note that this description is intended for observers on the date of impact and it is doubtful that any new science could be achieved by re-observing the same area months after the impact. If you are observing on the date of impact, then please observe around 11:00-11:04UT and ignore the predicted times in the headings. However this report is included as techniqcally if something is seen it is a TLP, albeit man-made! For those observing on the date in question here are a few observing tips to maximize the science of your observations: (1) If you are imaging, then please try to obtain images before the impact because you can then subtract these from images taken during the impact and hence show up faint changes that you might normally miss. (2) If you have a spare scope and camera,use this to observe through filters such as UBVR or I, or if you have narrow band interference filters, try observing in say Hydrogen Alpha, Methane, OH, or indeed any volatile that you might expect to see in a comet (the main source of water at the poles). (3) Please try checking the area long after the impact, just in case other effects might trigger a TLP. (4) Please go to some trouble to ensure accurate timings- these will be essential in order to understand the sequence of events - assuming any are seen. Timings can be obtained using a short wave radio or via a GPS. Note that you should always use UT or UTC. (5) Please send any observations that you make into the upload section of the LCROSS campaign observers web site. If you belong to an astronomical society e.g. BAA or ALPO, then do please send copies of your observations to the Lunar Sections of your society or club. (6) Finally this desription will be updated a day or two after the planned impact.
On 2009 Sep 09 UT23:31:43 P.Grego (St Dennis, Cornwall, UK, seeing II- III) suspected a flash south of Cabeus, just beyond the terminator. It was not bright, and lasted a fraction of a second. Thinks it might have been illusory as he saw some fainter flashes (cosmic rays?) during that nights observing session. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1973 Oct 17 at Ut 11:30 Androsan (Edmonton, Canada, 6" reflector, x230) observed a glow 1-2 sec reappearance of Saturn's rings at a place of ring's appearance on the dark limb. The observers attributed it to Saturn and its rings. Cameron speculates that it might be due to gas or dust at the lunar surface. Eye was attacted to the glow which delineated the limb at a position angle of 210 deg at emersion, at Earthshine at Edmonton. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1974 Sep 08 UT 04:45-06:30 Observed by Cowan and Johnson (Dublin, TX, 8" reflector, x59, x152, S=7) "Saw a bright luminous, blue, misty cloud on th NE rim. Obscur. for 1st hr. then gave way to pink & features became vis. Cloud was tear-drop shape. No movement to glow. Pink cloud glowed too. Very tenuous by 0130h. (Nakamura says there were no seismic events within several hrs. of this time). Another person saw it without being advised as the where it was." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1393. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 2009 Sep 11 UT00:15-00:20 and 01:00-01:05 C.Brook (Plymouth, UK, 5" O.G., x100, seeing tremourlous but definition improving over time) noticed that the central peak(s) in Alphonsus were brightening gradually. No effect was seen earlier at UT23:30-23:35. One presumes that the effect also occured between these two observing times? The observer suspects that this was not a TLP, but is uncertain. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1998 May 18 UT 02:00-03:16 C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60mm refractor, x112, seeing III) observed an obscuration of the central peaks of this crater. Copernicus ramparts were clearly visible. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2009 Sep 11/12 UT23:28-00:00 M.C. Cook (Mundesley, UK, 90mm Questar, x80 and x190, seeing II and transparency moderate-poor) observed pink on the north west rim of Tycho and green-blue on the inner SW rim. No sign of colour elsewhere on the Moon except for the S-E rim of Plato that was red. The Moon was about 20 deg in altitude at the time. The effect had gone by the end of the observing period. A simulation of spurious colour in different directions was generated by the BAA Lunar Section and found to possibly account for these colours, although there should have been some strong colours seen elsewhere in Tycho and none were. The BAA/ALPO weight=2.
During sunset at this feature, with the interior in shadow the observer saw that the central peak was nebulous and fuzzy and not what one would expect. Cameron saw it on 9 Oct 1993 at sunset and noted that it was not nebulous, just a grey patch although briefly she suspected perhaps two points/peaks?. The Cameron 2006 extended catalog ID is 467 and the weight is 3. The ALPO/BAA weight is also 1. The observer used an 8" reflector and conditions were S=4 and T=4.
UT 08:30 or UT 20:30? SW inner wall of Aristarchus was intesnity I=0.5, but was I=2.5 on July 2 at Col. 195. Observing conditions were identical. Band is darkening near col. 180. (Observation made in daylight?). Cameron 1978 NASA catalog ID=425 and weight=4 (very experienced observer). ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1979 Jul 18 at 08:30-10:00 D.Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x80) found that Reichenbach glowed for a short time and then faded. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=61 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1979 Jul 18 at 08:30-10:00 D.Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x80) found that Stevinus glowed for a short time and then faded. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=61 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1979 Jul 18 at 08:56-09:05 D.Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x80) found Cleomedes (and other features) to glow, some with flashes and pulsations. At 09:06 UT Cleomedes was glowing, but by 09:06UT it could no longer be seen. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=61 and weight=0. ALPO. BAA weight=1.
Mare Numbium 1878 Oct 21 UT 01:02-03:00? Observed by Hirst (England) "Half of the Moon's term. obliterated for 3h. (that part over dark mare & blended in?)" NASA catalog weight=0 (very unreliable). NASA catalog weight=205.
Heywood of Westville, Ohio, USA, using a 2" refractor under fair seeing conditions, saw an unusually bright glow covering the dark part, nearly uniform. Thought it was electric because it was too bright for earthshine. It apparently obscured features. Cameron's 1978 TLP catalog ID=243 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
In 1832 Feb 13 at UT 05:00 (maybe 08:00) Gruithuisen (Munich, Germany) observed in Messier two straight lines and between them a dark band covered with luminous pts. (According to Cameron opposite of view revealed by Orbiter missions. Also Year wrong? crater in dark if 1837 it would be FM & fit desc.) The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=115 and weight= 4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
In 1866 Jun 30 at UT 03:00? Tempel (Marseilles, France) observed a star-like point in Aristarchus crater. Cameron says "on darkside or is date 6/9/66 at 2200h?". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=143 and the weight= 4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Two observing times are given for two observers, 10:30-11:07 UT and 10:45-10:52UT. Castle (Rock Island, IL, USA, 8" 51x and 102x reflector) found that the Proclus region was brighter than the rest of the Earthlit region. They used averted vision at x102 and noticed that Proclus was the brightest object in the center of a glowing area. The size of the glowing area was three times that of the diameter of Proclus in the E-W direction and 4-5 x the diameter in the N-S direction. East of glow was not so well defined. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3" reftactor x56) noticed a brightening in the Earthshine in this region and alerted Brit. but they were clouded out.Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=410 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1938 Jul 24 at UT 08:00 Firsoff (Glastonbury, UK, 6" reflector with filters) observed Grimaldi to be a gray-green colour. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=442 and the weight=4.
In 1950 Jan 21 at UT 09:00 T.Saheki (Osaka, Japan) and S. Murayama observed several bright patches on the western limb region in Earthshine. These were not the same as patches observed by them on Jan 20. A tiny bright spot on the SW limb was about mag 8. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Cape Agarum 1967 Jan 14 UT 17:17-17:35 Observed by Middleton, Colchester, England, 4" refractor, x240, S=G) "Cape was hazy or obscured whereas Piccard, Pierce, & Cape Olivium were quite clear. Has seen this area obscured many times" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1008.
On 1969 Jan 22 at UT 00:10-00:30 Kilburn (England, UK, 6" reflector x192, English Moon Blink device) observed a colour blink on the outer east wall of Gassendi. Cameron says: "in dark!". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1117 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1980 Apr 18 at UT20:55 G. Amery (Reading, UK, 10" reflector, 50- 200x, seeing III) individual features not seen near Cassini. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=86 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Taruntius on 1980 Apr 18 UT 22:33 P.Madej (Huddersfield, UK) noticed that this crater changed from dark black to almost a light grey over a period of about 30 seconds. Observation started at 22:27 and ended at 22:37. When the observer saw this effect in that 10min period is not given, so the UT above is the nid UT of the observing period. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Thales 1892 Apr 04 UT 04:00-04:30 Observed by Barnard (Lick Observatory, CA, USA, 36" refractor?, S=4/5) "Filled with pale luminous haze tho all surrounding features were sharp & normal. Walls also hazy (Drawing)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalogue ID #276.
On 1881 Sep 27 at UT 19:00 Marokwic (South Africa) observed a comet- like object pulling across the Mon. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=225 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1980 Apr 19 at UT 20:37-20:49) P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK, 77mm refractor, x83 and x111) at 20:37 UT saw a slight glow at x83, quite small in size. At 20:46UT no glow was seen at x83. At 20:49 a slight glow seen again, but unclear and illdefined - appeared larger in area at x111. Observatons ceased at 21:56 dues to clid. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1980 Apr 19 at UT20:30-22:59. The following is quoted from the Cameron 2006 catalog.... "(Buczynski) alerted by colleague (Greenwood) who used filters W15 (IR), W25 (red), W44A (blue), & W58 (UV) and had located a possible blink in it. (Bucz) used W15, W44A & W25. C.P was very bright in W25 (red), dull but vis. In W44A (blue) & floor was noticibly darker in W44A than in W25. Bright cp vis. In W15 & floor was of a light shade. Other craters checked for color, none found. In 44A floor lost some definition (gas?). Sketches from Bucz. & Greenwood. (Pedler) at 2140, floor area around cp was seen in white & red as normal but blink was vis in white, darker in blue. Checks of other features were negative. (Amery) small dark center & small dark area - not shadow - under S wall. N wall obscured by dark area extending N onto surrounding mare. (normal?) which was difficult to focus (gas?). At 2155 N wall now sharper & dark area less intense. Craterlet Cameron in N wall clearly seen which was invisible 1/2 h earlier. (Saxton) whole crater flashed and blinked at 2155. Could see detail in brighter W 1/2 of crater - not seen earlier. At 2205 seeing poor, at 2215 it was normal. (Blair) at 2155 used red & blue filters & in blue it was darker than in red. W. wall not well defined. (J. Cook) saw spurious color on N & S rims. Saw a pink tinge on SE rim. (A. Cook) saw spur. Color on most craters as seeing deteriorated. Got a blink on SE region > red than blue". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=87 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1982 May 27 at UT 17:05-17:35 E.V. Arsyukhin (Moscow, Russia, 3" reflector) found Lacus Sominorum was very bright, misty and the colour varied. It was back to normal on the 28th and abnormal on 29-31st. - had a dark spot in the middle for about 30 min. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=169 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1982 May 27 at UT 17:05-17:35 E.V. Arsyukhin (Moscow, Russia, 3" reflector) found Endymion had a dark spot in the middle for about 30 min. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=169 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Proclus 1971 Jan 01 UTC 19:00-20:25 Observed by Marchart (Aldershot, England, 8" refractor x500). "Color patch on N wall, red & green on inside, even tho eyepieces were rotated & changed. (chrom aberr. ?) (experienced observer)." NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1280.
On 1977 Sep 17 at 16:30UT V.M. Chernov (Soviet Union) observed the northern cusp of the Moon to be elongated more than 180deg ashen light. This was 4.3 days after new Moon. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1980 Apr 20 at UT21:12-22:45 J-H Robinson (Teighmouth, UK, 10.5" reflector, x180) found, using a Moon Blink device, evidence of colour on the flor patches of Fracastorius crater, brighter in blue than in red. Also the floor to center varied in brightness in blue and in red. Peters observed in white light and found the south east-south wall had a slight orange cast and when a Moon blink was used it was less bright in blue than in red light. M. Cook found spurious colour on the south rim and also on Mons Pico. There was a colour blink reaction on the southeast floor of Fracastorius - this was both faint and blurred and not seen in white light. A.C Cook detected the permanent blink in the south east floor of the crater at 21:47 and a fainter one in the north west (marginally brighter in red than in blue). J.D. Cook found no colour with the Moon blink device. 21:22-22:10 P.W. Foley got a strong colour reaction with the Moon Blink device - brighter in red than in blue and detected a pink colour visually on the south east wall 22:10- 22:45 (this did not give a blink effect though). Cameron 2006 catalog ID=88 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1980 Apr 20 at UT21:38-21:50, Blair of Renfrewshire, Scotland (used an 8" reflector and seeing=III) saw three patches in Petavius and they could still be seen 7 minutes later. At 21:50UT he used a filter and found the "northern one was brighter in blue, the southern one was brighter in red and the central one was the same shad ein both filters." Cameron comments that the central patch was a permananent one. She then goes onto say that the crater is described as having dark patches that are opposite to what one would expect from Fitton's theory applied to dark features. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=88 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Proclus 1983 Jan 19 UT 20:36-21:00 Observed by Cook (Frimley, UK, Seeing III, Transparency, Moderate) "Colouration seen". BAA Lunar Section Report. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Leibnitz Mountains 1948 Apr 14 UT 20:00? Observed by Wilkins (Kent, England, 12.5" reflector) " S.cusp prolonged -- detached peaks -- starlike pts. connected by fine filaments brighter than earthshine. (Barcroft, Haas, Vaughan, Moore & Firsoff also have seen similar phenom.)(just sunlight catching high peaks?)." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #502. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
A faint white pinpoint flash seen and also in the same position a whitish glow around the crater. No futher flashes seen after the first one. From UT2117-2130 the glow was still visible but faded making it more difficult to locate. When Foley observed he found Aristarchus not very visible in Earthshine, despite Plato, Grimaldi, and several other features being visible. Both observers used 12" reflectors. Cameron's 2006 catalog Extension ID=124 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Webb (England, using a fluid achromat) saw brilliant minute spots and streaks in Mare Crisium dotting its surface. This was seen near first quarter. Cameron states that Schroter, Betr?, Madler, Slack and Ingall had all seen it this way at times. Cameron 1978 catalog iD=111 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1948 Apr 15 UT 20:00? Observed by Thorton (Northwitch, England, 9" reflector) "Brilliant orange-yellow flash 1 km inside E. rim (similar to earlier #500 LTP flash in the dark)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #504.
On 1981 Mar 12 at UT 19:25-20:30 Butler (of Brixton, UK, using a 10" reflector at 32-64x) noticed that Aristarchus was not visible, although the Earthshine was very obvious. Foley (of Kent, UK, and using 12" reflector) noticed that the crater was only just visible but Plato could definitely be seen. Cameron's 2006 TLP extension catalog ID=125 and weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1789 Sep 26 at UT 03:30 Schroter (Lillienthal, Germany) observed close beneath Mons Blanc at the west foot, in the dark, a small 5th magnitude, speck of light. Its round shadow was sometimes black, sometimes grey. Cameron suspects that this is the same as her TLP report No. 50. the Cameron 1978 catalog ID=62 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
In 1948 Apr 15 at UT 20:00? Vince (England, UK) observed a bright spot, about magnitude 3, in Earthshine, about 30deg north of Grimaldi., on the west limb (90W, 25N). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=503 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1789 Sep 26 at UT04:25? Schroter (Lillienthal, Germany) noted a bright point 26" north of Aristarchus crater. Note that the year might have been 1788? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=50 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1789 Sep 29 at UT04:25? Schroter (Lillienthal, Germany) noted 1'18.5" south east of plato was a whitish bright spot shining somewhat hazily, 4-5"in diameter and at 5th magnitude. He never saw this again. The spot became conspicuous at times and then disappeared. There was nothing else similar in Earthshine. Note that the year might have been 1788? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=50 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Schroter, from Lillenthal in Gemany, in 1789 (possibly it was 1788) Sep 26 UT 04:30 saw a small nebulous bright spot on the northern edge of Mare Crisium. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=50 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Dome W. of Manillius 1965 Dec 30 UT 10:35 Observed by Newport (England, 4" refractor x180) "White patch or haze, everything else was sharp" NASA catalog weight=3 (average).
On 1983 May 20 at UT00:00-03:00 K. Marshall (Medellin, Columbia) noted that Mons Piton was too bright near the terminator and was surrounded by shadow. A sketch was made. The mountain appeared segmented with one thin shadow line. The mountain looked like a Mexican Sombrero hat. This appearance is normal. What was abnormal was that Piton was brighter than Proclus, and only slightly fainter than Censorinus. The CED brightness measurements were normal Piton=3.6, Proclus=3.5 and Censorinus= 3.7. Please check to see whether this is still the case. The cameron 2006 catalog ID=221 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Alphonsus 1972 Sep 15 UTC 18:48-18:56 Observed by Hopp (13.25E, 52.5N, 75mm refractor) "Diffuse white to blue area within the crater - not sure" T=4, S=4. Ref: Hilbrecht & Kuveler Moon & Planets (1984) Vol 30, pp53-61.
Ptolemaeus 1866 Apr 22 UTC 20:00? Observed by Ingalls (Champion Hills, England, UK) "Crater on term., unusually smooth surf. seemed much diversified & gave impression, as at many other times that there was an obscuring medium". NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NADA catalog ID = 142. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1953 Sep 16 UT03:00 R.M. Lippert (San Diego, CA, USA, 20cm Cassegrain reflector, x90)saw a bright magnitude 1 flash on the Moon, that was probably on the east rim of Werner(?) crater. It is unclear if the observer meant it was really magnitude 1, or was what a magnitude 1 star would have looked like. The flash was yellow-orange in colour. Observation described in the "Observations and Comments" column in the December, 1953 Strolling Astronomer (Vol. 7, No. 12), on page 170. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Pickering 1971 Jan 04 UTC 20:29-20:37 Observed by Collier (London, England) "Between Saunder and Rhaeticus, apparently coming from Pick. After 2027h it dimished with extraordinary swiftness, like a light goes out. (experienced observer)" NASA catalog weight=?. NASA catalog ID # 1281. Note that this crater was previously called E.C. Pickering before the IAU renamed some craters.
On 1989 Dec 05 D. Darling of Sun Praire, WI, USA, saw two dark spots on the SE floor of Proclus. The first dark spot was seen through 3" refractor and then also through a 12.5" reflector (35x and 154x). Seeing was S=10 and T=5. He noticed that at 23:00UT the wall spot was less well defined. Darling also comments that he observed reflecting glint, almost as if from a glass surface - he had not seen this effect before. A telephone alert was issued and Caruso verified the spots. Cameron comments that the spots were not shadows because the Sun was at an altitude of 52 deg at Proclus at the time and she states that the steepest slope ever mesured on the Moon was 52 deg and not inside Proclus. Other observers observing were: Weier (6.5" refractor x284 and S=3/10), Caruso (8" reflector x100), and Cameron. The Cameron 2006 catalog extesnion ID was 382 and the weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
2004 Nov 20 UT 02:34:03 R. Spellman (120mm F8.3 refractor at prime focus, PC23C CCTV camera, via a DVD recorder) recorded a flash of light. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1973 Dec 02 at UT 22:17:33 Barrett and Brick (New York, 3.5" Questar freflector) observed an occultation of Kappa Aquari, a wide double star, on the western limb. The star faded perceptably before disappearing. Cameron says that the fact that the star was a double was not an explanation - she says that there are many reports of similar fades for single stars. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1384 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1969 Nov 18 at UT 04:22 Loocks (Valparaiso, Chile, 12" reflector) observed a flash of light of magnitude 12. Cameron speculates a meteor and mentions the apollo 12 watch. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1214 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Eratosthenes 1947 Jan 30 Mean Col. 16deg. Observed by Hill (UK) "Main peak of massive central mountain group appeared to be in a shadowless having regard to it's claimed height of 6,600 ft. The whole of the floor to the west should have still been in darkness. Instead immediately to the west was a dark (intensity 1.5-2) region extending almost to the foot of the bright inner wall and very diffuse in outline. The observation could not be followed through due to increasing cloud, but on the following night all was normal."
1996 Apr 27 UTC 02:26-03:14 Observed by Spellman (Los Angeles, CA, USA) " 02:26 U.T. Sunrise on Tycho 3/4 of the crater was in shadow, topmost section of the central peak was in sunlight. In white light brightness of the central peak rivaled the brightness of the Eastern (sunlit) wall. No change was detected in red light, however in blue light definite strong darkening was observed. Blink obtained when viewing thru 25A and 38 filters. At 2:52 U.T. in the poor to fair seeing the apparent size of the central peak in white and red light was the same, in blue light the central peak in white and red light was the same, in blue light the central peak size shrank to 1/2 white and red size (and brightness). Also appearing sharper. Comparison was made also with the central peak of Alphonsus, no changes were observed. The significant part of the observation was the relative brightness of the central peak to the sunlit rim in white and red light, they appeared almost identical with the crater rim, being just slightly brighter. In blue light the brightness of the central peak was reduced by at least half while the rim brightness was not, (relative to one another). I strongly believe that this was a real event. The shadow filled portion of Tycho was examined for any abnormalities but none were observed. Observations were ended shortly after 3:14 U.T. due to clouds. I also conducted about 20 Moon blink observations during this observing run and got the same strong reaction each time." ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1989 Dec 06 at 23:09-23:34UT D. Darling of Sun Praire, WI, USA (3" refractor x36 and x90, and then a 12.5" reflector at x64, S=7/10 and T= 4, saw dark spots in Proclus (not as dark as those from 5th Dec 1989). Two telescopes were used and the bigger of these revealed some shading on the floor of Proclus approximately a third as intense as he had seen the previous night. A sketch was made. The TLP finished by 22:34UT. Cameron comments that the dark patches could not be due to shadow as the altitude of the Sun was too high at proclus. The Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=383 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2001 Jun 29 at UT22:16-22:22 C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60mm refractor, x120, no spurious colour seen, seeing I) observed that the central peaks of Alphonsus looked bright at 22:16UT but had dimmed by 22:22UT. The three dark patches on the floor of Alphonsus were clearly seen. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2001 Jun 29 at UT 22:16-22:20 C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, seeing conditions very good, x120) reported that the central peak of Alphonsus was brighter than the central peak of Arzachel (or was it the other way around?). Cook observed 4 hours later from Washington DC, USA and found that on CCD images that the central peak of Alphonsus was only slightly less than that of Arzachel. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Piton 1958 Sep 23 UT 00:00? Observed by Moore? (UK?) "Enveloped in an obscuring cloud-like mist" NASA catalog ID 697. NASA catalog weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Messier and A 1966 Dec 22 UT 06:00-06:30 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 8" reflector, x200, S=G, T=P) "Blinks on floors of both craters (blink device not stated)" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalaog ID #1004.
2004 Jan 02 UT 09:05 (approx) M. Collins (Palmeston North, New Zealand, ETX 90, seeing 3, clear) saw a possible(?) flash north of Carlini D at about 16W, 35N in adverted vision. It lasted only a split second. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
A region of the Mare Imbrium was extremely bright, giving a reading of 8 out of 10 on the Elger scale. Cameron notes that from photos of the Full Moon, the area appears to normally be the brightness of Archimedes floor i.e. 3.5 out of 10 on the Elger scale. Atmospheric seeing was excellent and the observer could see a lot of fine detail with their 2.4" and 3" refractors. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=62 and weight=3.
Bulialdus 1979 Aug 03 UT 21:36-21:48 Observed by Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing III, Moonblink device) "Bullialdus eastern side of the crater looked brighter in red i.e. rim and exterior, extending to the south slightly and this reddish areas was slightly hazy. At 21:41 it clouded over but at 21:47-21:48 it cleared briefly and effect was noted again. Also Darney appeared very visible through the red filter. Probably spurious colour as the Moon was -18 deg in declination and the whole Moon had a slight brownish tinge" ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Darney observed by Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing III, Moonblink device) See TLP report for Bullialdus (eastern side) concerning reddish areas. At 21:41 it clouded over but at 21:47-21:48 it cleared briefly and the effect was noted on Bulialdus again. Also Darney appeared very visible through the red filter. Probably both effects were spurious colour related as the Moon was -18 deg in declination and the whole Moon had a slight brownish tinge. An ALPO/BAA weight of 1 is assigned to this TLP."
W. of Mare Humorum (50W, 25S) UTC 00:00? Observed by Mac Farline (England?) "Bright Point" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID 719.
In 1820 Oct 17 at UT 20:00 an unkown observer reported in Mare Imbrium, south of Sinus Iridum (30W, 40N) some brilliant spots. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=80 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1966 Dec 23 UT 06:15-07:10 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 6" reflector, S=P, T=G) and Coralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector +Moonblink) "3 brilliant spots on floor, all showed blinks, (permanent colored Ground features ?). Not confirmed by Corralitos MB." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1005.
Gassendi 1977 May 28/29 UT 20:45-21:15 Observed by D. Sims (Dawlish, Devon, UK) saw a hazy area on the south east floor that was normal in red and white light but darker in blue. This was partly confirmed by J-H Robinson (Devon, England, 10" reflector) 21:24-23:12 who saw the south east floor of Gassendi to have a loss of detail - but no colour seen, although at 21:57-21:58 it was slightly brighter in red than in blue briefly. P. Doherty (22:45-23:15) did not see anything ususual. D. Jewitt (22:22-22:55) did not reveal anything ususual, apart from spurious colour. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=3 and ID=1463. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1990 Sep 30 at D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x150) observed a red spot on the west wall (bright in red filter and faint in the blue filter. No filter reactions were found elsewhere. Gassendi had much detail visible. A sketch was made. BAA observers in the UK were alerted but they could not observe due to cloud. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=411 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus, Schroter's Valley, Herodotus 1881 Aug 06 UT 00:00? Observed by Klein (Cologne, Germany, 6" refractor, 5" reflector) "Whole region between these features appeared in strong violet light as if covered by a fog spreading further on 7th. Examined others around & none showed effect. Intensity not altered if Aris. placed out of view." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #224. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1982 Jun 02 UT 22:00. Mobberley could not see the central craterlet on the floor of Plato tonight. Foley notes that he could only just see the central craterlet on nights of 2-5th Jun and it was of reduced in brightness from normal. North reported that the floor seemed nearly black, but brighter in a green filter (x144 magnification used). All three observers compared the Plato area to other areas for reference. All the above seems normal, apart from the floor being brighter in the green filter. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID 170 and weight=5. BAA/ALPO weight=3.
Aristarchus 1971 Sep 01 UT 20:45-21:05 Observed by Neville, Cunnington (Nottingham, UK, 4" refractor x180, altitude, low) "Saw a bright glow, especially in E. wall (Confirm. but not indep.?)" NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1310. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1976 Sep 05/06 UT 18:45-01:35 Observed by Prout (England?, 12" reflector, S=III-II), Foley (England, 12" reflector), Moore and Spry (Sussex, England, 12" reflector) "Viol. hue on crater on W. wall, especially NW corner seen by Prout & 2 Foleys. Moore & Spry did not see color. All obs. noted that the crater was dull
On 1965 May 12 at UT 19:10 E. Penzel (Rodewisch, East Germany) was taking a sequence of images during the impact of the Soviet Lunik 5. He detected a tens of km scale elongated cloud after the impact over a duration of 9.5 minutes. However there are differences between the images elsewhere on the Moon, possibly due to different exposures or some other effects and it is not 100% sure that what he detected was impact debris/cloud?. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Proclus 1970 Oct 12 UT 00:54 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4" reflector, 51x-181x) "Floor darkened to intensity 1.5 deg (albedo) & c.p. became invis. Next day c.p. reappared & was 5 deg bright & 6deg bright on 15th" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1277.
Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector x180, S=1-5, T=5) Pseudo peak visible within floor shadow at 03:10h" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #671. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1933 oct 01 at UT 03:00 Rawstron (USA, 4" refractor, x330) observed the following in Mons Pico B: "Haze -- much narrower & elongated than on Sep. 1". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=407 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Observed by Haas (Las Cruces, NM, USA) "Temporary greyness seen in interior shadow." ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1955 Oct 28 at UT00:00? Kozyrev (Crimea, Soviet Union, 50" reflector) detected in Aristarchus Fraunhofer lines in UV spectra that were much narrower than in the solar spectrum. This indicated luminescent glow which overlapped contour(?) lines. Greatest after Full Moon, but fluctuated monthly with no indication of solar activity effect. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=621 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 1955 Oct 28 at UT 00:06 W. Taylor saw a naked eye flash on the Moon in the north east area, on the edge of Mare Vaporum. The flash was intense and radiated to a large area. The duration was 1/4 seconds.
On 1965 May 12 at UT 22:20 H. Miles (UK) found a possible obscuration in Bailly crater. Most of the region was as sharp as normal, but the central area was greyish and blurred. Although the observer concerned considered themselves a non-experienced observer, another BAA Lunar Section observer saw the same effect. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus, Schroter's Valley, Herodotus 1881 Aug 07 UT 00:00? Observed by Klein (Cologne, Germany, 6" refractor, 5" reflector) "Whole region between these features appeared in strong violet light as if covered by a fog spreading further on 7th. Examined others around & none showed effect. Intensity not altered if Aris. placed out of view." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #224.
Aristarchus 1981 Mar 17 UT 22:40-23:25 Observed by Moore (Selsey, England, 15" reflector, seeing III) "Aristarchus very bright according to Crater Extinction Device and a coloured blink detected" BAA Lunar Section TLP report.
Aristarchus Area 2004 Nov 22 UT 04:58-05:49 Observed by Gray (Winemucca, NV, USA, 152mm f/9 refractor, seeing 4-5, trasparency 4-5, x114, x228) "Blinked Herodotus with Wratten filters Blue 38A and Red 25. The illuminated west crater wall stood out brilliantly in blue light, much more so than in white light. This was true also of Aristarchus. Red light did not increase contrasts in Herodotus any more than they were in white light. Shadows in Herodotus appeared as black as the night west of the terminator and remained that way throughout the observing period. No TLP seen in Herodotus tonight. A possible TLP was seen to the west of Herodotus near the terminus of Schroters Valley. It was noted at the beginning of the observing period that there were four very bright spots of light, one near the end of Schroters Valley, the other three grouped together a little farther north. Although not far from the terminator they were definitely east of it. It was noted that all of them nearly vanished in the Blue 38A filter while Aristarchus and the rim of Herodotus gleamed brilliantly. At 5:19UT it was noted that the most brilliant of the four lights, the one near the terminus of Schroters Valley, had faded almost to invisibility in white light. When first seen it had been brighter than Aristarchus. It remained very dim after this through the remainder of the observing period, and was unchanged at 7:35-7:49UT when I again examined the area. The other three bright spots remained brilliant and unchanged."
Aristarchus 1973 Aug 10 UTC 20:14 observed by Baumeister (48.63N, 9.25E, 110mm reflector, T=2, S=2) "Orange to red colours at the crater floor dissappeared until 21:04" - Hilbrecht and Kuveler, Earth, Moon & Planets, 30 (1984), p53-61. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
All observers saw a blue tinge seen inside and outside the crater. Marshall observed a bright spot in the middle of the crater floor and thought perhaps that it was a central peak. No central peak can be found on Lunar Orbiter images. Cameron 2006 Catalog extension ID=214 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Plato 1973 Aug 10 UT 22:45 observed by Robinson (Devon, UK). Observer noticed that the lighter areas on the floor were more distinct in red than in the blue filter. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Gassendi 1939 Aug 27 UT 02:00 Observed by Haas? (NM? USA, 12" reflector?) "NE part of c.p. was I=6.4, compared with I=9.4 on 9/28/39 (see #462) under similar cond.@ NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID# 458.
1954 Aug 11 observed by Firsoff (Somerset, UK, 6.5" reflector, x200) "Brilliant in red filter, variable)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #570. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus-Herodotus 1971 Sep 02 UTC 20:00 Observed by Ayeau (Paris, France, 12" reflector, x100) "Brownish-red or maroon seen on Aris. W.wall ridge to Herod. on S.wall of Herodotus" NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #1311. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1995 Oct 06/07 at UT 22:45-00:00 P. Mirteto (a UAI observer, RI, Italy, 20cm reflector) observed some brightness changes in Herodotus. Please note that this description is a summary of the material on the UAI web site. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Ross D 1965 Apr 14 UT 06:03-06:22 Observed by Harris (Whittier?, CA?, USA, 19"? reflector) "Phenomenon description unavailable. Given at an ALPO meeting" NASA catalog weight=0 (very unreliable). NASA catalog ID #874.
On 1995 Oct 06/07 at UT 23:05-00:00 P. Mirteto (a UAI observer, RI, Italy, 20cm reflector) observed some brightness changes in Prinz. Please note that this description is a summary of the material on the UAI web site. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1988 Sep 23 at 19:40-19:55 & 20:36-20:41 G. North (760mm Coude Rrefractor, x250, Royal Grenwwich Observatory, Herstmonceux, UK, seeing V, Transparency: Fair). 19:40-19:55 image very unsteady. All seems normal in other crtaters with the exception of Arcimedes. Much of the rim seems indistinct apart from a 1/4 length of the west rim. Strongly suspected that this was due to a combination of seeing and illumination. UT 20:02-20:06 - checked the area with a lower magnification 10" Astrographic Refractor - the crater seems more normal, so suggesting that the theory was correct. 20:36-20:41 returned to the 30" reflector, and the crater appeared similar to the start of the session. This is almost certainly not a TLP, but it would be helpful to have some images or sketches to check this theory out. Weight=1.
Schroter's Valley 1897 Oct 08 UT 22:00 Observed by Pickering (Cambridge, Maas., USA, 15"? refractor) "Variations in vapor col. Tillsow, C was largest compared with D&E& most conspicuous 1.3 d after sunrise. Drawing. (time est. fr. given colon.)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #291.
On 1987 Mar 13 at UT02:00-03:00 De Groof (Belgium, 8" reflector x150, seeing=clear) noted that the north west part of Aristarchus had a blood red shimmering filling the whole crater. A video by Mobberley some 18 hours later, shows variation in Aristarchus. Cameron 2006 catalog ID= 301 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1977 May 30 at 21:04-02:13UT J.H.-Robinson noted a loss of detail inside Gassendi, however he did not regard this as a TLP. The effect was also seen by P.W. Foley. Cameron 2006 extension catalog TLP ID=16 and weight=0 ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Amery (Reading, England) saw blue in Aristarchus but a photograph did not show the colour. Foley thinks this was spurious colour. Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=27. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Peter Foley observed a tiny yellow-brown region close to the tip of the cape, north east of the precipitous west edge, in the face of the north facing slope. The area concerned was diffuse and varied in density despite the surroundings not varying. Foley notcied no colour elsewhere on the Moon, though Amery thought that he saw some in Aristarchus, but Foley thinks this was spurious. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=27 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Flashing spot at end of SV fluctuated. Herzog, Darling & Weier confirmed spot but not fluctuation. Spot brighter in red than blue, but Cobra Head was bright in blue. No other region was abnormal.
Aristarchus-Cobra Head, 1967 Nov 15 UT 05:40-06:00 Observed by Cross, Tombaugh (Las Cruces, NM, 12" reflector x800) and Harris (Tucson, AZ), and Dunlap (Organ Pass, NM, 24" reflector with Moonblink). "Obs. reddish color N. & E. of Aris. & more intense color nr. E.(IAU?) rim of Cobra Head. Red color nr.C.H. confirmed by Tombaugh. Obtained 10 photos between 0543-0549h in 3 spectral bands (blue, yellow, red, & integ. light). No change dur. obs. per. but spot got smaller at moments of good seeing. Isodensitometry of photos. At Corralitos 0152-0155 on 24- in image intensifier & filter sys. photoos at 0320-0330h. Harris at Tucson got spectra. Neither of latter 2 show anything unusual. Its edges were nebulous even at best seeing. Size @ that of Cobra's Head." NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #1053.
Peter Foley (Kent, UK, 8" reflector, seeing=II) noticed that the floor beneath the north wall, and the area over the north wall were indistinct (almost out of focus). Despite looking elsewhere in the crater and surrounds, no other blurring (obscuration of detail) could be seen, indeed everywhere else was sharp and detailed. Foley tried several eyepieces but this made no difference. He used a crater extinction device but found no variations in brightness. There was a slight darkening when he used a red filter in the Moon Blink device. The obscuration effect weakened between UT20:56 and 21:10, was difficult to see at 21:13 and had finished by 00:15. Patrick Moore (12" reflector, Dublin, Ireland) saw nothing unusual when he started observing at UT 22:00. Cameron says "Photos marked at location of phenomenon". Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID=37 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Lichtenberg 1951 Jan 21 18:19.2-18:38.5 UT observed by Baum (Chester, England). Tiny red spot noticed initially and then faded. Location of spot 31.403N 66.167W. 20cm refractor x90-x100. Seeing fair-extremely good. NASA catalog assigns a weight of 3. NASA TLP ID No. # 542. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Schroter's Valley 1955 Jul 03 UT 22:00 Observed by Firsoff (Somerset, England, 6.5" reflector x200) "Drawing contains a star-like pt. at N. part of valley." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #597. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1979 Aug 06 at 22:24-22:54 P.Madej (Hudersfield, UK, 6" reflector. Purple Wratten 35, and Yellow Wratten 15 filters used) Orange glow seen (at x73) on west side of crater, near the central peak. The central peak was coloured too at x110. At 22:32 (x75) the central peak was brighter than the rest of the area wrough the yellow filter. At 22:34UT at x73 everything looked OK through the purple filter. The TLP was still visible at 22:54. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Schickard 1940 May 20 UT 20:00 Observed by Moore (England, 12?" eflector) "Fog on floor -- milky appearance, less pronounced than on 8/2/39 (see #456)." NASA catalog ID #465. NASA catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1971 Jan 10 UTC 20:17-20:42 Observed by Taylor (Slough, England, 8.5" reflector) "Blink (dark gray to black), 13x3km diam. on E. wall & floor in indentation in wall. Smaller by 2028 h. gone at 2035h. Reappeared at 2028h & gone completely at 2042h)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1282.
Gassendi 1973 Dec 08 UT 20:20-20:22 observed by J-H Robinson (Devon, UK, seeing dair to poor). Suspected blink detected - might have been due to atmospheric condtions?. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Mare Humboldtianum 1951 Jan 21 20:47-22:00 UT observed by Baum (Chester, England). The appearance of some mountains on the limb appeared to change over time, with some mistiness. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Madler 1940 Aug 17 UTC 06:45 (Cameron gives 07:30 but Haas says this is wrong) Observed by Haas (New Mexico?, USA, 12" reflector?) "Bright spot on S. rim had I=5.9 on this date but 6.8 on Sep. 16, when observ. cond. were similar (see #473)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #470. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
The area west of Helicon not visible despite the area being fairly bright at Full Moon time. This area was a very bright patch one night. Cameron notes: comensurability of Full Moon & Perigee. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=64 and weight=3. Seeing=7 and transparency=4. 2.4" refractor used. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Moretus? 1871 Dec 25 UTC 22:00? Observed by Webb? (England?, 9" reflector?) "Internal twilight in crater #132- a large circular crater nr. S.pole (crater #132 on Goodacre's map is Plato. Webb's map?)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #173.
Plato 1937 Jul 22 UT 06:20 Observed by Haas (Alliance, Ohio, USA, 12" reflector?) "Floor distinctly greenish, but was gray on June 23, 1937 at 0430 & col.84 (normal?)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #421. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1982 Jun 05 at 22:00? UT, Chapman (UK, using a 12" reflector), again using a x2 yellow filter, noticed that the central craterlet detectabilty changed such that sometimes it was visible and sometimes not. Foley (Kent, UK)noticed that the central craterlet could only just be seen between June 2 to June 5 and was much less discernable than during the previous lunation. No CED brightness measurements made. The floor of Plato was noted to be very dark though. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=172 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1965 May 15 UTC 01:40-02:15 Observed by Weresuik, McClench, Johnson (Pt. Tobacco, MD, USA, 16" reflector x240, S=F, T=G) and Delano (Massachusetts, USA, 12" reflector). "Crater had color(red?) detected by Trident MB & photos were obtained. There were pulsations. Delano saw E. wall of crater unusually bright (confirm. if at same time)." NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #876.
Bailly 1974 Oct 29 22:00-23:00 Observed by Lord (St Annes-on- Sea, UK), 25cm reflector, x125 & x400,seeing III, transparency 5/5. South west floor was darker in a blue filter than in other filters. Observer thought this was due to a natural green colour here. Had seen this on 3 other occasions under early morning illumination. ALPO/BAA weight=1,
On 2000 Jun 15 UT 20:37 C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60mm refractor, x117 & x40, seeing good, transparency excellent) observed abright spot on the north rim of Mare Crisium (57E, 25N). It was comparable to the illuminated rim of Proclus in brightness. No colour seen. The spot was not visible the next night. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Gassendi 1966 Dec 27 UTC 06:30-07:05 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 6" reflector?) "Very faint blink on SW (ast. ?) floor & on another N. of it on NW floor. Obs. considers obs. very suspect" NASA catalog weight=1 (very poor). NASA catalog ID #1006.
Aristarchus 1973 Feb 15 UTC 17:07-19:31 Observed by Theiss (located at 51N 5.67E) "area 4-5 diameters of Aristarchus were coloured clearly yellow-red" 120mm reflector used. Ref Hilbrecht & Kuveler (1984) Moon and Planets Vol 30 p53-61. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1973 Aug 13 UT 22:25-22:35 observed by Pedler (Devon, UK). Observer noticed a slight blink on a lighter patch on the floor just beneath the south(?) rim using Moon blink filters. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Kepler 1962 Jul 17 UTC 06:24,08:36 Observed by Wildey, Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector+photometer) "Crater was at Vmag 2.68 at earlier obs. which was .47 mag brighter than av. mag. at 15d & it faded to near normal at later time to V=3.10(photom. measures), a change of 1/2 mag. or @1.5 times in brightness" NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #761.
Kepler 1962 Jul 17 UTC 06:24,08:36 Observed by Wildey, Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector+photometer) "Crater was at Vmag 2.68 at earlier obs. which was .47 mag brighter than av. mag. at 15d & it faded to near normal at later time to V=3.10(photom. measures), a change of 1/2 mag. or @1.5 times in brightness" NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #761.
On 1978 Aug 18 at UT 22:00 Coates (England?, UK, 3" refractor, seeing=II) found that the inner bands of Aristarchus were hard to see, this was odd because the seeing conditions were good and he usually sees them? However he did not believe that there was any obscuration going on. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=37 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1978 Apr 23 at UT20:35 (Rawlings, UK, finderscope, x50) observed a bright flash (~0.3 sec duration) near to Copernicus (20W, 9N) with rays to the south east whilst he looked through a finder scope. Moore, who studied the drawing, suggests that the area of the flash was near Copernicus. However Cameron says this cannot be the case if the flash was in darkness as mentioned in the BAA Lunar Section circular. She comments that it might have been a meteor? The Cameron 2005 catalog ID=28 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1955 Nov 01 UTC 02:50-03:05 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3.5" reflector x100, S=6, T=5) "Proc. D normally 5 deg bright was vis. tonite only in blue light, whereas usually is vis. in integrated light. However at col. 110.5 deg it was a dark spot (see # 816) C.p. tonite was normal 5 deg bright but in Oct. lun. was dark". NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #625. Note Proclus D does not refer to the crater Proclus D as defined by the IAU, but probably to a spot inside the crater that Bartlett designated D!
Littrow 1915 Jan 31 UTC 22:00? Observer: unknown (England?) "6 to 7 spots arranged like a gamma first seen on this nite. (Kuiper atlas. Rect. 14-c shows spots in form of a 7 or a cap. gamma backwards, but not l.c. gamma)". NASA catalog weight=0 (almost certainly not a TLP). NASA catalog ID #349. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Mare Crisium 1962 Jul 18 UTC 09:54 Observed by Wildey & Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector + Photometer) "Photometric meas. showed change in brightness of the area of over a mag. during the nite. Recorded at Vmag=3.56 first, & a few min(?) later at 4.62. It was .95 mag. brighter (@2.5x) than av. for that age & then returned to normal." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #762.
On 1983 Jan 30 at UT 23:45 Chapman (England, UK) observed that Censorinus was low in brightness. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=199 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Jan 30 at UT 23:45 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector) measured that the brightness of the region around Toricelli B was 2.3 (high) and there was a slight blue colour. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID= 199 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Herodotus 1972 Jul 27 UT 2250-2350 M.Brown (Hutington, UK) thought that he saw a pseudo peak in the centre of Herodotus. He could not decide if it was real or an optical illusion. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1870 Feb 18 UTC 00:00? Observed by Gledhill (Halifax, England, 9" refractor) "Illum. of another group of craters different from group in Aug. & Sep. obs. (date is F18 if phase is similar to Ap 1870) NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #164.
On 1990 Aug 08 at OT 07:47-09:00 UT D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, 3" refractor, x173) "(SS) Piton's all pts were << but nearby plain was normal. Ridges at 5.3 at B, C, D but 3 alb at B, C, D (norm = 7) but bearby plain was normal. At A 3, was hazy but ill defined. Parts of mt brightened but others didn't. Times between brightening were 6-8s. Similar to seeing fluctuations. In red mt stayed dull & steady. In blue it blinked." - this is a direct quote from the Cameron 2006 catalog because it is very difficult to summarize. Louderback comments that the TLP was still going on at 09:00UT. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=406 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1990 Aug 08 at UT 07:47-09:00 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3" refractor, x173) reported the following TLP in Promontorium Agarum (Cape Agarum): "W flank of CA >>, even> Proc. interior." The cameron 2006 catalog ID=406 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Mare Crisium 1962 Jul 19 UTC 07:30 Observed by Wildey & Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector + Photometer) "Photometric meas. showed change in brightness from Vmag=3.46 to V=3.07, where av. mag. for that age=3.26, or a brightening of .58 mag." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #763.
Plato 1938 Jun 15 UTC 08:00 Observed by Haas? (New Mexico?, 12?" reflector) "NW. end of floor had intensity I=2.0, but on 7/15/38, I= 3.7, conditions similar." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #439.
On 1965 May 18 at UT 03:00-03:30 Cragg (Mt Wilson?, CA, USA, 6" refractor?) observed a TLP (no feature nor description given in the Cameron 1978 catalog) on the Moon. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=877 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Mare Crisium 1962 Jul 19 UTC 09:48 Observed by Wildey & Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector + Photometer) "Photometric meas. showed change in brightness from Vmag=3.46 to V=3.07, where av. mag. for that age=3.26, or a brightening of .58 mag." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #763.
On 1990 Jan 13 at UT 22:15-23:05 J. Pedler (Bristol, UK, seeing=III and transparency=excellent, no spurious colour) detected a blue region on the north of Aristarchus, varying in sharpness/diffuseness. The crater rim in this region could not be descerned. Eleswhere the crater rim was normal as too were other features. When a Moon blink device was used, no colour blink was detected, however through the blue filter the suspected area was bright and the crater rim indistinct. Whereas through the red filter the area looked perfectly normal. At 22:30UT the effect had vanished and everywhere was normal. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=388 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.