Aristarchus appeared dimmer than normal. This report has an ALPO/BAA weight of 1.
Bright point on the dark part. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=37 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA catalog weight=1.
On 1990 Mar 29 at UT 19:00 L. Todd (England?) observed that Aristarchus in Earthshine was very clearly seen and appeared to blink occasionally. Foley (Kent, UK) also notcied variations in Aristarchus. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID = 396 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1992 Apr 06 at UT00:45-02:03 G. Johnson (Swanton, MD, USA, 3.5" refractor, x36) observed Aristarchus in Earthsine, but at a higher magnification is appeared as a diffuse star. However the crater was not seen later. D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3" refractor), D. Weier and F. Graham (Pittsburgh, PA, USA, 7" reflector, photographs), observing at 01:24UT could not see the crater. The cameron 2006 catalog ID=443 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Picard 2002 Sep 10 UT 02:30-03:21 Observed by Gray (Winnemucca, NV, USA, 152mm refractor x248,S=2-3, T=5) "observed in White light and through Wratten Red 25 and Blue #38A filters. The crater through the Red 25 filter looked very similar to the view in White light. Using the Blue 38A filter Picard almost dissapeared - it looked like a dim, faintly observable black spot with the sunlit, east facing west crater wall barely visible. Observer had not observed Picard very often, so was not too familiar with it but it seemed odd that it almost vanished through the blue filter." ALPO observational report. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Harpalus 1969 May 19 UT 21:20-22:00 Observed by Marcomede Rangel Nunes and Julio Dias Nogueira (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 18" refractor). "Brightening in crater (inexperienced observers). (Apollo 10 watch)." NASA catalog weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1. NASA catalog ID #1126.
SE edge of Mare Crisium 1969 Jul 17 UT 20:00 Observed by Hedervari, Hegyessy, Geller (Budapest, Hungary, refractor x200 & x300) "Saw a "mediocre" yellow light. Area photographed on 7/19/1969 but no LTP noted (Apollo 11 watch)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID No. 1153. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1847 Dec 11 at 18:00UT Hdgson (Eversley, UK, x80 refractor and 40x reflector) observed in Plato (Though it might have been Cape Agassiz or Teneriffe Mts) a bright spot of about a 1/4 the angular diameter of Saturn that varied intermittently and was at all times visible on the night side of the Moon. The following day he glimpsed the same spot rhough clouds. From his drawing the spot was ~5' below the true N. point & near the following limb (IAU E. limb) Cameron comments that Plato fits the angular distance better than the other two candidates unless there was a large northern libration. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=125 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
In 1865 Jan 01 at UT 18:00-18:30? Grover (England? or USA?, seeing = good and transparency = clear) observed south east of Plato at the foot of Mt Blanc a small bright spot like a magnitude 4 star - slightly out of focus. This bright speck remained unchanged for 30 minutes. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=137 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1969 May 20 at UT 19:35-20:30 Gomez (Spain, 12" reflector) observed blue-white pulsating light in Aristarchus that illuminated the inner walls - it was maximum at 19:55UT. This observation was made during the Apollo 10 watch. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1128 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1969 May 20 at UT 21:00-22:00 Bury (France, 4" refractor) observed Aristarchus to be very bright, as an elliptical bluish spot at 21:00UT. This observation was made during the Apollo 10 watch. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1128 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1969 May 20 at UT 21:10-22:30 Marcomede Rangel Nunes and Julio Dias Nogueira (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 18" refractor) Harpalus brighter than Bouguer - this was during the Apollo 10 watch and Cameron comments that the observers were inexperienced. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1129 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1988 Apr 21 at UT 01:28-04:00 D. Fryback (Madison, WI, USA) took a series of photographs - Aristarchus was a luminous patch and in one photograph a red spot (Cameron suspects marks on the film). is seen near Aristarchus. Strangely though when looking through the telescope, the crater was not excessively bright. D. Spain (Fairdale, KY, USA, 3.5" reflector?, x60) observed a narrow white streak of mag 5-6 of duration 0.5 sec that covered 160-320km near the centre of the Moon at 01:53UT. A similar streak happened but the direction was different. Next 2 small red flashes were seen at 02:00 and 02:01UT of magnitude 7 (<1sec) in the vicinity of Aristarchus. The cameron 2006 catalog ID=327 and the weight=1.
On 1988 Apr 21 at UT 01:53 D. Spain (Fairdale, KY, USA, 3.5" reflector?, x60) observed a narrow white streak of mag 5-6 of duration 0.5 sec that covered 160-320km near the centre of the Moon at 01:53UT. A similar streak happened again but the direction was different. Next 2 small red flashes were seen at 02:00 and 02:01UT of magnitude 7 (<1sec) in the vicinity of Aristarchus. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=327 and the weight=1.
On 2011 Apr 07 UT 19:45-20:10 Aristarchus was seen to be “very bright” in Earthshine. Giorgio Sancristoforo (Milan, Italy, 203mm SCT, atmospheric seeing good) noticed Aristarchus to be exceptionally bright (Sketch supplied) at around 20:00 and was the first to report this. Although he did not record the start and end times, he commented that the effect lasted 20-30 minutes and then was significantly reduced in brightness. Although direct comparison in terms of brightnes could not be made with a star, he thought Aristarchus to be brighter than +0.7 in magnitude (Saturn). Furthermore Aristarchus was visible when daylight was still present, when looking through the telescope, although it could not be seen with the naked eye due to too much extraneous light. Aristarchus was probably white in colour, but the observer was partly colour blind and so was uncertain. Not much detail was seen elsewhere in Earthshine, even when the sky darkened, and he was not able to see Kepler or Copernicus, just the limb. No details were seen in Aristarchus itself, for example no ray to the SW was visible. It later transpired that Lajos Bartha (Budapest, Hungary, 70mm refractor, x83, seeing conditions good) had observed Earthshine even earlier from UT19:45-20:10 and noticed a bright area close to the edge of the Moon that he later confirmed was Aristarchus. When he started observing the sky twilight was still a deep blue, but the dark side of the Moon was seen both with the naked eye and through the telescope. Earthshine was medium in brightness and grey in colour. Copernicus and Kepler were weak in brightness but certainly visible. There was some scattered light from the sunlit side of the Moon noticed, but not enough to obscure Copernicus and Kepler from visibility. As a test he moved the telescope around and the bright spot moved with the Moon and so was not a glare problem. The following day he checked Earthshine again but found that the bright spot was not so conspicuous. As a footnote, Tim Haynes (UK) had been observing an occultation of 37 Tauri, much earlier at 19:14UT, through 10x50 binoculars. He commented that Earthshine was visible, but that he hadn't noticed Aristarchus - though he was not looking at the Moon specifically to see this crater. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1789 Mar 30 at UT 20:00? Schroter (Lillienthal, Germany) observed two flickering spots on the eastern edge of Grimaldi and near Riccioli. This was on the Earthlit side of the Moon. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= 57 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1789 Mar 30 at UT 20:00? Schroter (Lillienthal, Germany) observed two flickering spots near Riccioloi and on the eastern edge of Grimaldi. This was on the Earthlit side of the Moon. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=57 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 2002 Aug 12 at UT 19:27 James Cook (Chelmsford, UK) detected a flash on the Moon. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1969 May 21 at UT 20:00-21:00 Brandli and Germann (Switzerland, 6" refractor) observed a slow orange-red blinking on the surrounding area of Aristarchus. It was seen less markedly the next night. Wald (Zurich, Switzerland) noted at 20:30UT that the crater was pink (Confirmation says Cameron) - this was during the Apollo 10 watch. The cameron 1978 catalog ID=1131-1132 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
South Cusp 1969 Jul 19 UT 17:55-19:10 Observed by Dzapiashvili (Georgia, Soviet Union) "Saw an abnormally bright spot at end of S.cusp. Polariz. meas. at 8.3% at 1845-1847h (Apollo 11 watch?)" NASA catalog weight=5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #1164.
Fracastorius 1973 Mar 09 UT ~19:57 Robinson (Devon, UK) saw a Moon Blink (colour) in this crater. This crater is long suspected of giving permanent blinks due to natural colour. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1975 Mar 18 at UT 00:57-04:00 Reiland, Brown and Lojeck (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 6" reflector x45 and 8" reflector x200, photos taken) observed the following at Aristarchus: "While obs. Earthshine on moon, saw it glowing -- a bright steady star-like glow, est. at 5-8th mag. First noted at 0057h. Obs. other obj. then came back to it. It was still there -- till moonset (@0500h). Saw it in other telscopes & Lojeck took photos. (photo shows Aris. prominent, but also LaLande, Pytheas & Timocharis. 2 prs. in Aris. but there are other pts on the print, it may be grain)". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1404 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1969 Jul 19 at UT 1845-18:47 Pruss and Witte (Bochum, Germany, 6" refractor x36 and binoculars) saw brightenings in the north west wall of Aristarchus for 3-7 seconds of about 1 magnitude over the background. From orbit at UT 18:46 the Apollo 11 crew Armstrong, Aldrin, and Collins (in orbit around the Moon and using the naked eye) were asked to take a look at Aristarchus after Earth-based reports of TLP activity. Armstrong reported (after the solar corona had set, on the night side) that probably Aristarchus "to be considerably more illuminated than the surrounding area. It just has - seem to have, a slight amount of flourescence to it". Collins reported a moment later: "Looking out on the same area now. Well at least there is one wall of the crater that seems to be more illuminated than the others. I am not sure that I am actually identifying any phosporesecence, but that definitely is lighter than anything else in the neighborhood". Houston then asked if the crew could detect any colour and if the inner wall was the inner or outer part? Aldrim commnted that it was the inner wall and Collins mentioned thatno colour was incolved. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1165 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1969 Jul 19 at UT 19:30-21:30 Gervais (Lodure, France, 4.5" refractor?) saw the whole region of Aristarchus and its environs as brighter than normal. Two photographs were obtained. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1156 and weight=5. At UT 20:30-20:55 Oliver (Spain, using a reflector) found the Aristarchus to have brightened by about 1 magnitude. From UT 20:12-20:30 the crater had been normal. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1167 and the weight=2. At UT 21:00-00:35 P. Mourilhe Silva (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 19.5" refractor) saw Aristarchus as a very bright elliptical shape which extended to the north like a bridge between two points. Jose M. L. da Silva and Ronaldo Mourao (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 13" refractor) saw a brightening on the north west wall from 21:24-23:22UT intermittently but cont'd. Wall was extraordinarilly bright, along NW wall brighter. Moseley (Armagh, Northern Ireland, UK, 10" refractor) detected an unusual bright, along north west wall, brighter than normal in Earthshine and brighter than crater. It was not constant, but pulsated irregularly with frequency of 20 seconds and amplitude 0.75-1.0 magnitudes. No colour seen or obscuration though lokked for. Clouds interrupted observations. Vasquez (Valparaiso, Chile, 12" reflector) saw it as a very luminous point of magnitude 1. Wairy Cardoso (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 12" reflector and 18" refractor) noted a bright. 1s??? The Cameron catalog ID=1168 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Theophilus 1969 Jul 19 UT 19:30-21:30 Observed by Fox (Notts. England, 6.5" reflector) and Ringsdore (England, 15" reflector). Fox saw intermittent glow in Theoph. for > 2h (time not given). Ringsdore confirmed. (Apollo 11 watch)" Confirmed by Baum 21:00-21:20UT. NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID No. 1166. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1966 Sep 20 at UT 03:22 Three Astronet observers (Phoenix, AZ, and Los Angeles, CA, USA) (independently?) reported flashes in Grimaldi crater. One observer was in Phoenix AZ, and another in Losa Angeles, CA, so probably not due to the atmosphere. Cameron comments that the astronaut Schmidt on Apollo 17 saw a flash in it while orbiting the Moon. the Cameron 1978 catalog ID=977 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=4.
South Pole 2011 Apr 08 UT 19:30-20:00 A.Kemp (Mold, Flintshire, UK) observed that the Leibnitz peaks at the southern pole stood out sharply. However one of the peaks was “shining like a spot light. So bright that I couldn’t make out its shape”. – image clear and steady with excellent transparency and seeing in the 70mm f/13 refractor (25mm and 10mm eyepieces). Inspections during the above time period revealed no changes in brightness. Previous observations of this area had never shown such an unusual brightness, and Arthur likened the brightness to “a maximum brightness of Venus shining amongst 2nd magnitude stars”. The observer was an experienced observer. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Mare Crisium 1826 Apr 12 UT 20:00 Observed by Emmett (England?) "Black moving haze or cloud". NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID 109. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Grimaldi 1969 Jul 19 UT 20:39-20:45 Delaye (France, 25cm refractor) saw a bright bluish spot near Grimaldi. 20:43 a flash was seen by Thinon. Delaye saw flashes at 20:44 and 20:45. Between 21:00 and 23:00 (J. M. L.) da Silva (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 19.5" refractor) saw a bright spot on the W (IAU??) of Grimaldi. However there is a bright spot near Grimaldi, so this maybe normal. NASA ID = 1167. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1990 Mar 31 at UT 21:30 L. Jackson (England, UK?) observed a red glow in Earthshine in Gassendi as shown in a sketch. Apparently Gassendi can often show up red colours (according to Cameron) but rarely is this seen in Earthshine. Foley saw the sketch and suspects that the location was Gassendi. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=397 and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Lunar volcano, seen on the dark side, as bright as a 6th magnitude star,
A bright spot was seen. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=40 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA catalog weight=2.
Theophilus 1969 Jul 20 UT 18:40 Observed by Delaye, Thinon, Donas, ? ourdan (Marseilles, France, 10" refractor x60) "Saw a flash on the c.p. of mag 1.0, duration 0.1s, no color. (meteor?) (Apollo 11 watch)". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1174.
On 1969 May22 at UT2045-2105 Wald (Zurich, Switzerland) observed the pinkish colour in Aristarchus was less marked tonight. The astronauts were alerted and at 22:12 reported no activity but could see the crater and Earthshine was strong near the terminator. Apollo 10 watch, spacecraft far from the terminator. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1134 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Atlas 1969 May 22 UT 21:20-21:40 Observed by Germann, Wild, Vieli (Zurich, Switzerland, 6" reflector) "Rim towards the sun was bright. Part of time was interrupted. (Apollo 10 watch)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1135.
On 1969 Jul 20 at UT 19:55-20:10 Delaye, Thinon, Donas, and Jourdran (Marseilles, France, 10" refractor, x60) saw between 19:55-20:04UT Aristarchus to be bright and in it pulsations with 10 sec duration. At 20:05UT it's spot brightened, at 20:08:50-20:35:50UT brightening and pulsations of variable duration. At 20:55:50UT just a feeble flash. Cameron comments that this is probably not atmpsheric effects as the period is too long - also it was during the Apollo 11 watch. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1175 and th weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1984 Jul 05 at UT 00:00-01:25 Marshall (Medelin, Columbia, seeing=II) observed that Censorinus was much less bright than Proclus (confirmed by CED readings). Cameron 2006 catalog ID=247 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1984 Jul 05 at UT 00:00-01:25 Marshall (Medelin, Columbia) found Proclus to be much brighter than Censorinus (which of the two was abnormal is a question) - though he thought that Censorinus looked dull. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=247 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Mare Crisium 1826 Apr 13 UT 20:00 Observed by Emmett (England?) "Black moving haze or cloud" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID = 109. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1969 May 22 at UT23:20 an unknown observer reported some brightenings with pulsations in Aristarchus crater, Cameron suspects atmospheric aberrations. This was during the Apollo 10 watch. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1136 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Triesnecker Rille 1912 May 23 UT 18:00? Observed by Gordeenko (Russia) "Change in shape from representation by Brenner and Krieger not accountable by lighting conditions" NASA catalog weight=0. ALPO/BAA weight=1. NASA catalog ID #339.
On 1987 Jun 04 at UT02:26-03:26 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, S=G and T=4) observed that Mons Piton was the brightest object on the Moon that he had ever noted before. Variations seen gave the mountain a "silvery" shine. The abnormal brightness was confirmed by another independent observer. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=302 and the weight=5. the ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Mt Piton 2001 Sep 24 UTC 19:25-19:55 Observed by Marie & Jeremy Cook (Frimley, Surrey, UK) described Mt as the brightest point on the terminator flaring seen on the southern end and red in colour. Observers really thought it was normal (not a TLP) to be this bright and the flaring was spurious colour. Worth checking out just in case, and also because it looks spectacular. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Theophilus 1969 Jul 21 UT 19:30-21:45 and 21:00-22:00 Observed by Fox (Newark, England, 6.5" reflector,) and Baum (Chester, England, 4.5" refractor) (S=6, T=4) "At wall, adjacent to Cyrillus was a redish glow, then obscur. (Fox). Baum saw intermittant white-blue shimmering as if glowing thru dust glowing & upsurge in brightness on c.p. Gradually faded to normal at 21:20. 1st time ever seen by him tho. obs. since 1947. Image sharp, no haziness. (indep. confirm. of activity, but details differ, but same time, Apollo 11 watch)." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1180. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1991 May 21 at UT05:30-06:15 J. Green (Orangevale, CA, USA, 11" reflector) photgrapphed a broad bright band stretching east and north of Cassini crater in 3 exposures taken 10 minutes apart. This photographic sequence shows a gradual widening towards Cassini and by the 3rd exposure the band is touching (and then obscuring) Cassini. A "fan" was visible in the north east and WSW directions, later this was seen as rays and this was even seen in the view finder of the camera. Cameron comments that this might be lens flare but suspects that it would not have been seen in the view finder. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=427 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Hyginius Cleft 1966 Jul 25 UT 04:40 observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 8" reflector, x300) "Points at opposite ends of cleft were very brilliant in red Wratten 25 filter & very dull in blue Wratten 47 filter. Richer uncertain if real LTP." NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID #957.
North of Bessel 1969 May 1969 May 23 UT 22:54. Nelson Travnik (Observatorio Flammarion, located at 45.58W, 21.87S, f/15 10cm refractor, Kodak Tri-X, 1/15 sec exposure, sky conditions excellent). Dark spot photographed just north of Bessel - could be a photographic defect?. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1895 May 02 UT 20:45, 23:45 Observed by Brenner and Fauth (Germany?) "Streaks of light (Brenner) bright parallel bands in center Fauth (indep. confirmation?)." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #284. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1965 Sep 03 UT03:00-05:00 D.Harris (Located near Whittier College, Whittier, CA, USA, using a 10" f/8.2 Newtonian reflector, x78 & x208, seeing 5-6, transparency 2-0) observed a ridge obscured SSW of Ross D. No drawing was made, only a written description. "Ridge not visible near crater; possible white patch 1/3 Ross D diameter" The ridge is the wrinkle ridge extending NNE from Ross D, a well established often visible feature. Harris comments that this was not one of the better TLPs seen near Ross D, and there were no independent observers, neverless he was ceratin of this being a TLP, and it was consistant with other activity seen near this crater between 1964 and 1970. Cameron 1978 catalog ID 891 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1979 Dec 27 at UT 05:32 D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, 6" reflector x240, seeing=3-6/10 and T=4) noticed "2 small high-sun areas nr. Eimmart - brightening around Mare Crisium, except for interior of Proclus - in blue light. They were brighter than 2 spots on Cap. Agarum rated 8.5 & Proc. 9. Not as bright next night. Probably a real blue light brightening". Cameron 2006 catalog ID=79, location on Moon: (70E, 23N) and weight=4.
Plato 1887 Nov 23 UT 20:00? Observed by de Speissens (France?) "Luminous triangle on floor. Klein says it was sunlight affect. (but similar to Klein's own obs., #190. Fort says never seen before nor since)." NASA catalog weight=0 (very unlikely). NASA catalog ID #256. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Censorinus 1969 May 24 UTC 21:10-22:15 Observed by Jean Nicolini (Sao Paulo, Brazil, 12" reflector) "It was brighter than Proclus between 2130-2145h. A very tiny cirrus veil present & Censor. appeared less bright & Proc. continued to look normal. Weather worsened at 2215h. (Apollo 10 watch)." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #1144. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Piton 1960 Nov 27 ? UT 00:00? Observed by Schneller (Cleveland, OH, USA, 8" Reflector, x53), "Red obscuration concealing peak, @10m2 (if near SR, date is 27th; ancillary data given for 27th -- date not given)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #731.
Theophilus 1978 Nov 08 UT 20:49-22:00 Observed by J.D. Cook (Frimley, 12" reflector, 6mm Ortho eyepiece, seeing III-IV) Orange discolouration seen on ESE crater floor. Moon blink tried, but no blink detected. By 21:10 the effect had lessened, but was still orange. By 21:50-21:58 the effect was smaller and perhaps more on the SE of the floor. Colour confirmed by Foley. Fitton may also have been observing. At 22:00 A.C. Cook observed and commented that a darkish, perhaps brown-orange colour seen - but suspected it was probably spurious colour - but by now the seeing was V. J.H. Robinson, whilst doing a Moon Blink sweep of several features, including Theophilus, had not noticed anything unusual 18:50-19:10. By 22:30-22:35UT, he still could not detect a blink, but noticed intermittent darkining on the shaded area on the E. floor, but seeing was now IV. The darkening was more noticeable in blue than red light. BAA Lunar Section observation. 2006 Cameron catalog ID #40 weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Alpetragius 1889 Aug 03 UT 03:00-03:45 observed by E.E. Barnard (Lick Observatory, CA, USA, 36" refractor, x150, x700) "Shadow of CP diffused & pale. Entire inside of crater seemed filled with haze or smoke. Shad. of E. wall was black & sharp. CP & floor seen thru haze. No other craters showed this appear. (date & time rep't Sep 3, 1830L T)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #264.
On 2009 May 03/10 UT23:20-00:11 P. Abel (Leicester, UK, 20cm reflector, x312, seeing III-IV) observed that the north east wall was slightly brighter than would have been expected, slightly blurred (not seeing related blurring) and had a strong orange-brown colour. No spurious colour seen elsewhere. A change in eyepieces showed the same effect. No luck in alerting other observers. A drawing was made at 23:20UT and finished at 00:12UT. At 23:12UT part of the inner NW floor had a dull brown colour, whereas before it was grey.By 00:11UT the colour effect was fading and by 00:18 seeing condirions were too bad to continue. M. Cook (Mundesley, UK, 9cm Questar telescope, x80, x130, seeing III, transparency moderate to good) had observed Tycho earlier in the evening at 22:15UT, but had seen no signs of colour. W. Leatherbarrow (Sheffield, UK, 8cm scope, high cloud interuptions and bad seeing) had taken monochrome images at UT 20:07 and 20:10, but these showed nothing unusual, and he checked the crater visually at 00:00-00:30, but detected no colour, although the Moon's low altitude contibuted to poor seeing conditions and some spurious colour was seen. CCD images from M. Collins (Palmerston North, New Zealand) taken at 00:46UT showed nocolour apart from spurious colour on contrasty edges, in no way reflecting what was seen early by P. Abel. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Observer made a drawing over a period of 30 minutes. Upon examining drawing, and comparing with photos made under similar illumination was struck by the abnormality of a a small white blob in the north east corner of the shadowed floor. There should be no raised topography between the wall and the central peaks that could give rise to this. The making of the sketch overlapped with an earlier drawing made by Rony de Laet (Belgium) which did not show this blob. Subsequent attempts to find sketches/images at very similar illumination angles have failed to show the blob in the north east corner of the chadowed floor. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Birt 1955 Apr 15 UT 03:20-05:00 Observed by Capen (California Seeing=Excellent) "Small craters between Birt & wall were invis. at times under excellent seeing, while craterlets on w.side were continually obs." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #586.
On 1990 Apr 04 at UT 21:30-21:50 B. LeFranc (France?) reported observing a white flame effect in Copernicus crater (sketch made) - though Foley comments that the actual location was east of the crater. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=398 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Posidonius 1970 Apr 15 UT 21:05-22:10 Observed by Wanderley Nazareth (Sao Paulo, Brazil, reflector) "Intermittant pulsation. Drawing 20S interval for pulsations. (too long for atmospheric aberration? Apollo 13 watch)." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1254. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Alpetragius 1889 Aug 04 UT 03:00-03:45 observed by E.E. Barnard (Lick Observatory, CA, USA, 36" refractor, x150, x700) "Shadow of CP diffused & pale. Entire inside of crater seemed filled with haze or smoke. Shad. of E. wall was black & sharp. CP & floor seen thru haze. No other craters showed this appear. (date & time rep't Sep 3, 1830L T)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #264.
Near and on Plato 1970 Apr 15 UT 21:45-22:04 Observed by da Silva (Sao Paulo, Brazil, 10" & 20" refractors) "Crater chain W. of Plato -- 3rd crater W. (Plato Y) was brighter than surroundings. Lozenge on W. wall (landslip?) was darker than inner wall. Bright part of wall was yellowish-white. da Silva reports this as neg. (normal aspects) obs (Apollo 13 watch probably normal as Y is a bright halo crater)." NASA catalog weight=0. NASA catalog ID #1255. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1982 Oct 26 at UT 20:41-22:22 P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK, seeing=II and transparency=good) found that a blurring effect on the crater Yerkes had spread to Picard (~3.5 deg brightness). The effect was not detected in yellow light from the Wratten 15 filter, but a brightness change was picked up in red Wratten 25 light. J.D. Cook found dark surrounding Picard bright illumination. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=188 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Yerkes-Picard 1982 Oct 26 UT 20:41-22:22 and 21:31 Observed by Madej (Yorkshire, England, Seeing II, Transparency Good) and Cook (Frimley, England, Seeing=II, Transparency Good) "(Madej) could not focus Yerkes as well as could Peirce. By 2041 effect extended to Picard (~3.5 deg). In W15 filter not apparent, but albedo change was very marked in W25 red filter. (M. Cook) at 2222 noted faint orange around Yerkes E. Spurious color seen in other areas. Color around Yerkes intermittent. In blue filter it was still orange. (J. Cook) at 2131 noted S rim of moon was orange & seeing was such that it was fizzing. Around Yerkes only orange tint - tending intermittent" Cameron (2006) catalog ID #188 & weight=5 (very good). ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Tycho 1970- Apr 15 UTC 22:00-23:00 Observer: Nelson Travnik (Matias Barbosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 4" refractor, x250 & x400, seeing excellent, Wratten 15 and 23 filters used) "Slightly pulsating white glow on W. (IAU?) wall's external slope (Apollo 13 watch). NASA catalog ID #1256, NASA weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Manilius 1970 May 04 UTC 19:20 Observer: Mansfield (Cape Town, S.Africa), distinct pink colour noticed. NASA catalog ID No. #1294. Weight assigned to this observation by the NASA catalog was 3 (average).
Proclus 1972 Mar 24 UTC 16:29-19:22 observed by Hopp (52.5N, 13.25E, 75mm refractor) "Enormous brightening, vanished until 1922. Pattern changed from oval to circular several times."Hilbrecht and Kuveler, Earth, Moon & Planets, 30 (1984), p53-61
On 1882 Jan 29 at UT 17:00-17:30 an unknown observer noted an unusual shadow in Eudoxus crater. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=227 and the weight=2. Reference: Sirius Vol 15, 167, 1882. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1969 May 26 UT 20:30-21:05 Observed by Farrant (Cambridge, England, 8" reflector, x160, S=G) "Had misty portion of SW(ast. ?) floor from 2030-2105h at which time it was gone. Clearly seen, had ill-defined boundaries & was an easy obj. to see. Alt. =33 deg. (Apollo 10 watch)." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID No. 1148. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Proclus 1989 Jul 13 UT 21:04-21:13 Observed by M.Cook (Frimley, UK, 90mm Quastar Cat., Seeing III, transoparency hazy) and by Moore (Selsey, England) "Following an alert call by Miles concerning the crater Proclus looking different, Cook observed a circular dark patch that filled about half of the eastern half of the crater floor. To cut down the glare a blue filter was then used and a slightly less dark area was seen extending from this in a southerly direction. 8 rays were seen. The dark patch was confirmed by Patrick Moore. However David Darling (USA) who observed a few hours later on 1989 Jul 14 at 03:28 UT could not see this dark patch." BAA Lunar Section observation. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=370 and weight=?. The ALPO/BAA weight=2
Scarcely a trace of nebulae tonight. As long as to June 10 at 2000UT? A little blackness remained. (P. Moore thinks it was a LTP, WSC it was a permanent feature?) Drawing. Seen by Nevelius Emmett, J. Boroughbridge, England. The 2006 Extension catalog by Cameron assigns an ID No. of 4 and a weight of 1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Posidonius 1952 Jul 03 UT 19:13-19:27 Observed by Dzaplashvili, Ksanforalif, Negrelishvili (Georgia, Soviet Union, 13" reflector, polarimeter, S=clear) "Making polariz. mess. of it. Aristotles. Eudoxus. & Aristillus. only Pos. gave higher rdgs. & oscillated while others gave repeatedly same results. 40 other times Pos. was normal. Never had seen such behavior Table gives deflections. Obs. repeated 2X Obs. from 1843-1947h." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #552. ALPO/BAA weight=5.
Aristrachus 1966 Jul 29 UT 03:40 Observed by Simmons (Jacksonville, FL, USA, 6" reflector x192, S=7, T=4-5) and Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector + Moonblink) "Spot on S.wall vis. only in red filter, brightness 8deg. Slightly brighter than surrounding wall. No confirm. Says it might be part that reflected better. Not confirmed by Corralitos Obs. MB." NASA catalog ID #968. NASA catalog weight=1 (very low).
On 1938 Mar 13 at UT 04:00-06:00 Barker (Chestnut, England, UK) noted a slight reddish colour in Plato. However Fox (Newark, UK, 6.5" reflector, x240) saw none on the south east wall, but instead saw a yellowish glow on the southern floor at the same time (confirmation?). Appearently Fox saw the same effect on Apr 10, 11, and May 8-11, then on June 8-10. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=432 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1982 Sep 29 at UT 05:52UT D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, 8" reflector, x240) saw approximately 7-8 diameters from Aristarchus (72W, 15N) a star-like point on the dark side - uncertain if this weas on the limb or inside the disk of the Moon. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=185 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1989 May 17 at UT Fabian (Chicago, IL, USA, 4" reflector, x35-x50 and 8" reflector) noted a pale blue colouration in the ridges situated west of Aristarchus and north of Herodotus craters, in the vicinity of the terminator (and on the night side). Aristarchus itself did not have any colour. Ďt was only area with such color though there were numerous others of similar elevation and relation to term. The colour was seen in a 4" Cassegrain telescope, but when an 8" reflector was used at 02:30UT, even with the same eyepieces. Cameron comments that maybe the larger telescope spread the colour out? The sketch that Fabian suplied, suggested to Cameron that the TLP was located at Herodotus, and the ridge was part of Schroter's valley - Cobra Head. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=364 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1975 Feb 22 at 19:00-22:50 Fitton (Lancashire, UK, 8" reflector, seeing=II-III-I) saw Aristarchus (at 19:00UT) blue, with no obscuration visible in white, red or blue filters. This was not a telescopic effect. "Obs. 4.5h. Says it & next 5 nites obs. were due to high pressure system W. of obs.". Foley found nothing unsual in Aristarchus in his observing session, which overlapped Fittons. The 1978 catalog ID=1396 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1975 Feb 22 at 20:04-22:50 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector, seeing=good) observed Prinz to have a diffuse white obsecuration. There were pulsations of 30-50sec intervals. Effect ceased at 22:50UT and indeed was fading earlier from 22:35UT. Photgraphs were taken but showed nothing unusual and no colour. Aristarchus was also negative. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1396 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1978 Jan 20 at UT19:10 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector) observed a red spot at the southern edge of Gassendi C. P. Moore (Slesey, UK, 15" reflector, S=II-III) reported nothing unusual 17:00-17:50. Turner and others reported negative at 22:01. Pedler (UK, 12.5" reflector, S=III-IV) though detected a yellow-orange tint on the east floor of Gassendi A but the effect faded during poor seeing moments. Cameron 2005 catalog ID=24 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Two small conical mountains, near last 4th May eruption, close to the third one that he had seen before, but not these two. They were not on any map.
SE of Langrenous 1947 Aug 28 UT 21:00? Observed by Baum (Chester, England) A long mountain mass, on limb to the SE of Langrenus crater, had a decidedly bluish cast. To the north, on the limb, were several ordinary peaks appearing in profile and some were sharp and pointed. NASA catalog ID=498. NASA catalog weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2006 Jun 08 at UT 20:30-20:45 C.Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60mm refractor x75) found that Aristarchus was "shining exceptionally bright during daylight on a gibous moon". The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1950 Jul 27 UT 02:56 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA) described in the NASA catalog as: "C.p. of Proc. disappeared)" 5" reflector used at x100, NASA catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2002 Sep 19 at UT 06:31-07:22 R. Gray (Winnemucca, NV, USA) found that the bright areas of the crater floor, and the east facing part of the west rim, were brighter noticeably in red (Wratten 25) or white light, than in blue (Wratten 38A). The observer suspects that the apparent TLP was more to do with the relative densities of the filters and the contrast in Aristarchus than a real event. This was partly confirmed after checks on other craters, though it did not work everywhere. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1963 Oct 30 UT 01:50-02:15 Observed by Greenacre and Barr (Flagstaff, AZ, USA, 24" Clark Refractor) observed 2 ruby red spots - one just to the SW of the cobra's Head and the other on a highland area east of Vallis Schroteri. A pink colour formed coverting the SW rim of Aristarchus. Effects present with or without Yellow Wratten 15 filer. Similar effects checked for elsewhere on other craters but not seen. So presumed not to have been due to chromatic aberation or astmospheric dispersion. Effecta not seen in 12" refractor, but this may have been a resolution issue. The NASA catalog ID No. is #778. The NASA catalog weight is 5 (highly reliable). ALPO/BAA weight=4.
In 1962 Dec 09 at UT 07:36 Wildey and Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector) observed that Oceanus Procellarum was 1.13 magnitudes brighter than normal. Observation at sunrise and is abnormal if area measured was mare. If it were an east facing wall it would be normal. The Cameron 1978 catalog weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
In 1962 Dec 09 at UT 07:42 Wildey and Pohn (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector) observed that Aristarchus was 0.80 magnitudes (x2) fainter than average for this age (photometric measurement) Vmag=3.80, average= 3.0. The Cameron 1978 catalog weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1992 Feb 16 at UT 01:05-01:35 P. Moore (Selsey, UK, 12.5" reflector, seeing=III) found the north rim area to be both very bright and misty - though he did not think it to be a TLP but wanted it to be recorded, just in case. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=440 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Herodotus 1950 Jul 27 UT 03:56 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA) described in the NASA catalog as: "Pseudo c.p. in Herod. Drawings. (Similar to NASA catalog event #523)" 5" reflector used at x100, NASA catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus-Herodotus 1970 Apr 18 UT 20:14 Observed by MacKenzie (UK,2.5" refractor x45, seeing Antoniadi I) "Fairly strong blink in a spot 1/2 way between the 2 craters. Drawing (Apollo 13 watch). NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #1257. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2002 Sep 19 at UT07:36-08:06 R. Gray (Winnemucca, NV, USA) found that Prinz was more difficlut to see through a blue Wratten 38A filter than through a red Wratten 25 filter. However he suspects that it might have something to do with the unequal (to his eyes) transmission density differences between either filter. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Torricelli B 2002 Oct 18 UTC 20:56-21:59 Observer: G.North (UK, 8" reflector, x134, Seeing Antoniadi IV, Transparency good) - thought that Torricelli B was perhaps a little brighter than expected, especially when compared to Moltke and Censorinus based upon past recollection of relative brightnesses at this colongitude). Slight bluish tint seen as well. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus and Cobra Head 1966 Jul 30 UT 06:35-07:29 Observers Ariola and Cross (Whittier, CA, USA). NASA catalog states: "S. part of Cobra Head nr. Herodotus was a red spot; also nr. Aris. & the fork of Schroter's Valley. Variations in phenom. color, 1st on S. rim of Aris., later on N. rim. Drawings". 19" x390 reflector used. NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog TLP ID No. #959. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1981 Oct 11 at UT 00:05-02:00 B.Hobdell (St Petersberg, FL, USA, 4" refractor, S=3 and T=5) observed a brightening on the floor of Plato. 4 bright spots appeared and vanished and there was a fith one in the centre that was very bright at times. At UT 00:14 the central spot became bright then was "followed by a haze permeating entire floor, heaviest in the northern quadrant. Came from 2 S peaks or white spots, shaped like a boomerang extending to presumed c.p. (c.c ?). White flashed at 0052 from it cloud changed shape - spread N. At 0136 brightening from c.c. area 0419 dissipated. All white spots seen at 0200. Its outer flanks seen clearly the whole time". The above is quoted from the Cameron 2006 catalog ID=155 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1975 Feb 23 at UT 18:00-00:24 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12 inch reflector, seeing Good), noticed that Aristarchus was a slate-grey tinged with blue, and abnormally bright, fading at UT 18:47, and decreased activity at UT20:45 after a cloudy period. Blue was seen on the northern wall at UT19:00, but at 19:10 no colour, but instead an obscuration. All normal from UT 21:04-21:46 according to Foley. At UT19:00 G. Amery (Reading, UK, 10 inch reflector) noted shadowy grey near the shadow under the south wall, indistinct small area, no colour. At UT 20:00 activity increased. Colour negative fr. 150-300x till 21:10 (Hunt, Cambridge, UK, 2.5" refractor, seeing Poor-Very good). Negative fr. 20:20-21:00 in bad seeing, and very good seeing at 200x all negative (colour blink filters). From 23:45-00:20UT (Fitton, Lancashire, UK, 8" reflector). Turner of Sussex, UK with an 8" reflector, observed as well. (confirm. of activity earlier & neg. later). Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1397 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1963 Oct 30 UT 05:00-08:00 Observed by Greenacre and Barr (Flagstaff, AZ, USA, 24" Clark Refractor) a violet or purple-blue colour formed beyond the NW of Aristarchus. ALPO/BAA weight=2. This followed an earlier observation that night of two red spots and a pink glow.
On 1789 Jan 10 at UT 00:00 Seyffer (Germany) observed "a lunar volcano". Cameron comments that this must have been bright as it was near full Moon. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=56 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1963 Oct 30 UTC 22:00? Scarfe (Cambridge, UK) observed a 30% enhancement at 540nm in the spectra of Aristarchus. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID No. is 778 and weight is 5. The ALPO/BAA weight=1 because Oct 30 is not mentioned in Cameron's refernce.
In 1963 Oct 30 UT 22:00? Scarfe (Cambridge, UK) observed a 30% enhancement at 540nm in the spectra of Copernicus. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID No. is 778 and weight is 5. The ALPO/BAA weight=1 because Oct 30 is not mentioned in the ref that Cameron give's to Scarfe's paper.
On 1981 Nov 10 at UT 07:54-08:22 D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, 3" refractor and filters, seeing=2-3 and transparency=5) observed a blue light at the Cobra's Head, near Aristarchus, that fell back down to a normal brightness of 7. although the west wall (his point D) went down to 6.5 (this was 8 back on Oct 5). The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=158 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Gassendi 1972 Feb 27 UT 23:15-00:10 Observed by A.Kemp (Cheshire, UK, 8.5" reflector x286) "Suspicion of blink between Gass. c.p. & Gass A. Clouds prevented confirm. Hedley-Robinson didn't see anything unusual earlier (20:00-20:20)." Note that the duration of the event, or indeed precise UT at which it was seen is not given. NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID #1324. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1891 Sep 16 at UT 19:00? Pickering, based at Arequipa, Peru, and using a 12" reflector, saw in Schroter's Valley and the vicinity "Dense clouds of vapor apparently rising from its bottom and pouring over its SW wall torrds Herodotus. He says no activity till day after sunrise & ceases a few days before sunset. (Part of an extensive observing of only a few features under all aspects of lighting. Drawings and Phtos obtained." Cameron 1978 catalog ID=269 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1985 Sep 27 at UT 20:55 M. Mobberley (Suffolk, UK) found that the brightness of Torricelli B varied and starlike points seen in the crater. There is no Cameron 2006 catalog entry for this TLP report. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1981 Oct 12 at UT 00:00?(?) B.W. Chapman (12cm refractor, Seeing II, transparency poor, Kingston-Upon-Thames, UK) found that Mons Pico was brighter in red light than in blue. Aristarchus for comparison was the same brightness in both filters. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1975 Feb 24 UTC 18:00-23:30 Observers (all in UK): Foley (Kent, 12" reflector), Gannon (Middlesex, 6" reflector), Peters (Kent, 8" reflector), Farrant (Cambridge, 8" reflector), Turner (Sussex, 8" reflector), Fitton (Lancashire, 8" reflector) - "(Foley) 1800h -- slate gray bluish on all of crater; blue at 1816h, fading at 1835h, no color on floor. At 1949h brillinance reduced, eyepiece tested at 1959h with result of elong. gray blur & afterward activity at reduced light level. Blue again at 2013h. (Gannon) at 1851h saw red tint on S.rim (instru.), neg. in white & filter lite till 2000h, (Peters) at S=P had impression of large faint blink on S.side, diffuse till 2000h, then seeing improved & saw darkish patch on S.wall -- darker in blue than red. Craters on limb were normal to 2017h, neg. at 2058h & 2130h, (Farrant) at 2000h, normal. At 2053h color in small area to W. of W. wall. (Turner) at 2230h-2300h got neg. (Fitton) at 2330h got neg. in white, seeing too poor for filters. Fitton & Farrant think obs. due to atm. effects. (activity earlier & none later confirmed)." NASA catalog weight= 5 (very good). NASA catalog ID #1398.
Darwin 1945 Oct 19 UT 23:23 - P.Moore (UK) saw 3 brilliant points of light on wall. 12" reflector used. NASA catalog ID # 495, NASA weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Interior bands were faint at 22:40 but sharper at 23:20. Observer noted some blue spurious colour to the north of Aristarchus but this had gone by 23:50.
Observer noted some variability in the brightness of Moltke and Torricelli B. This observation has an ALPO/BAA weight of 3.
Observer noted some variability in the brightness of Torricelli B and Moltke. This observation has an ALPO/BAA TLP weight of 3.
On 1983 Aug 22 at UT 05:44-06:33 D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, 3"refractor, x150) found the brightness of Aristarchus (diffuse white patch) to be 7 to 7.5 but apparently it is normally 8-8.5, so fainter than normal. Another brightness reading found "brightening then nearly extinction at S. wall similar to changes seen on Eimmart before. Watched fluctuation compared to Cobra Head, they were similar but more pronounced at Aristarchus" especially in blue light compared to red (although there was a little brightness in red). Timings of these fluctuations were 7sec, 7sec, 9-10sec and 9-10sec. The latter two might have been seeing related as the crater enlarged up at these times. The observer felt that the Cobra Head appeared fainter than the previous year and had faded during the second set of brightness measurements. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=227 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Aug 22 at UT05:44-06:33 D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, 3" refractor, x150) found that Mons Piton was still brighter in red light than in blue - the opposite was found in his July observations. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=227 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Oct 20 at UT23:40 P. Moore (Selsey, UK) observed that Aristarchus was brighter than normal (as measured with a CED) and much more so that Censorinus, Menelaus, and Proclus craters (in turn). Cameron comments that Moore is a very experienced observer. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=231 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1977 Mar 04 at UT 20:55-21:18 JH Robinson (Teighmouth, Devon, UK, 26cm reflector, x200, Wratten 25 and 44a filters, seeing steady, transparency varies from fair to very poor and cloud eventually halted observations). Copernicus was very indistinct. All other features examined were normal. This is a BAA Lunar Section observation. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1977 Mar 04 at UT 20:55-21:18 JH Robinson (Teighmouth, Devon, UK, 26cm reflector, x200, Wratten 25 and 44a filters, seeing steady, transparency varies from fair to very poor and cloud eventually halted observations). The floor of Fracastorius is significantly brighter in a red filter than in a blue filter. This is a BAA Lunar Section observation. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1965 Sep 10 UT 04:08-04:38 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector x130, x180, S=4, T=3) "S.region of floor granulated, 7 deg bright, very faint brownish tinge; rest of crater 8 deg bright white (confirm. of Presson?)." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #892.
On 1891 Sep 17 at UT 18:00? Pickering, based at Arequipa, Peru, and using a 12" reflector, saw in Schroter's Valley and the vicinity "Varitions in vapor column. Crater D covered. (there are rays here -- high sun effect on them?) Drawings. Time estimated from given colongitude)." Cameron 1978 catalog ID=270 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1990 May 09 at UT08:24-08:28 D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, 3" reflector, x150, Clears sky) noticeed in Promontorium Agarum (Cape Agarum), that at 08:24UT the west point (C) dimmed to a brightness of 6.5 before ragaining its normal brightness at 7. Cameron comments that these are wedge measurements equivalent to 0.5 steps in Elger's brightness scale. No other effects noticed elsewhere. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=404 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1977 Jan 04 at 16:25-17:30 Kozyrev (Pulkovo Observatory, Crimea, Ukraine, Soview Union) "Observed unusual processes on moon. Activity in progress at beginning of obs. Still vis. at 1710, gone at 1730h. Latharn & colleagues found no seismic activity at that timeunder a quick look". The Cameron 1978 catalog weight=4 and ID=1460. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1938 Jan 16 at UT 00:00 Barker (Chestnut, England, UK, 12.5" reflector) noticed that Plato crater had a brownish-gold veined surface, colour irregular - laid on a smooth floor. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=430 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1976 Feb 14 at UT23:35-0053 LeCroy (Springfield, VA, USA, 4.5" reflector, x75, S=6 and T=4.5). A blue haze was seen on the east side of Aristarchus and red haze on the west side. At 00:00UT details were more clear and at 00:24UT Aristarchus and Herodotus, were seperated. At 00:34UT colours were gone. At 00:35UT blue was on Aristarchus and the area was bright, but was black in a red filter. At 00:53UT the features were clear and the colour gone and the brightness had decreased to 9. Cameron comments that the colour was not due to temp. inversion because of being dark in the red filter, implying a medium). The Cameron 1978 catalog TLP ID is 1428 and the weight=1. This is an ALPO report. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1996 Dec 24/25 at 18:12-00:02UT P. Moore (Selsey, UK, using a 15" reflector x250-360, and seeing III) saw a strong orange colour on the south wall and floor of Aristarchus. He suspected it to be spurious colour but could not detect colours on any other craters. The colour remained but at 18:12 UT he suspected a trace on colour on Mons Pico but was not sure. However he reported it to the TLP coordinator of the BAA Lunar Section. The orange in Aristarchus gradually faded and had almost vanished by 00:20UT when seeing was too bad to continue observing. At 02:30UT he was able to re-observe again and there was still a very very slight hint of orange in Aristarchus - but he comments that if he had not been looking for it he might not have noticed. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1985 Sep 28 UTC 20:54-23:52 P.W. Foley (Suffolk, UK) found (actually before 20:54 UT) brightness variance in Torricelli B. J.D. Cook (Frimley, UK) observed a brief blue coloured patch somewhere in the Torricelli B region, but could not pin it down precisely. At 22:50UT M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK, 30cm reflector, seeing III - occasionally V, transparency moderate to good) Found the crater to have an elongated appearance (in SSW-NNE direction) in white light, similar to the previous night. A bright elongated spot was seen on the NNE floor, close to where the wall should be. Not able to define the rim. There was a very dark surrounding area to the crater, similar to what it was on the previous night (roughly 1/4 brightness of Censorinus). 23:04UT brighter in yellow, then red, then blue. At 23:10 it was seen that blue filter dulled the crater - this was odd because both Censorinus and Proclus were brighter in blue, which is what he would normally expect. At23:15 UT Censorinus was brighter in blue, then yellow then red filters and some orange spurious colour seen to the south of Censorinus. At 23:23UT no spurious colour seen on Proclus or Censorinus. 23:46UT Torricelli B elongated as before, but a very faint ray might have been seen to the south west of the rim. This report is not in the 2006 Cameron catalog. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1966 Aug 01 UT 06:14 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 8" reflector x300) The wall from the S to the NNE wouldn't focus well though at least 4 craterlets on the floor were clearly seen (Ricker uncertain if real TLP. Cameron thinks it probably was -- similar to Bartlett's experience on Aris. NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #961. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1938 Jan 17 Barker (Chestnut, England, UK, 12.5" reflector) noticed that Plato crater had a brownish-gold veined surface, colour irregular - laid on a smooth floor. It had extended further E than on the previous night. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1963 Nov 01 at UT 00:20-00:35 Kopal and Rackham (Pic du Midi, France, 24" reflector) observed in Kepler an enhancement in red light at 672.5nm and 545.0nm. Luminescence ~86% +/-3% of background. The Cameron catalog says that Moore saw something between 23:30 and 03:00, but it is not clear what exactly, or whether it was Copernicus, Kepler, or Aristarchus? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=779 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
Aristarchus 1978 Nov 15 UTC 19:10-22:15 Observed by Foley (UK) - Colouration seen - violet spot on north west interior. There was no colour on the crater floor from 19:10-20:05, but suddenly the floor colour changed to a slate blue-grey colour from 20:05-21:45UT. Colour was not detected elsewhere. CED brightness measurements taken - these were normal for Proclus, Mons Pico, Mons Piton and Tycho, but for showed that Aristarchus varied in brightness. Crater Extinction Device (CED) used. Seeing Antoniadi III, Transparancy Fair.
On 1980 Sep 24 at UT21:34 J-J. Robinson (Teighmouth, Devon, UK, 10" reflector, x200, seeing=III) found, using a Moon Blink device, that Fracastorius blinked on the northern side in the red filter. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=110 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1993 Mar 08 at UT 22:30 R. Titford (England, UK, 8.5" reflector, seeing=III) found a very bright white area on the northern wall, "floor < Mare Imbrium". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=456 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Mare Crisium 1948 Jul 21/22 UT 22:00?-01:00? Observed by Moore (England, 12" reflector) "Almost featureless except for Peirce & Picard" NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #506. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1981 Dec 12 at UT 00:31 P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK) saw some flashes between Plato and Mons Pico. The cameron 2006 catalog ID=160 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1965 Sep 11 UT 08:08-08:15 Observed by Cross,Rasor (Parlos Verdes, CA, USA, 22" reflector x133, S=F-P) "Red glows,. Photos obtained but do not show phenom. Haze terminated obs." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #894.
Plato 1966 Aug 02 UT 06:26 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 8" reflector x300) "Again E(IAU?) wall would not focus" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #962.
On 1891 Sep 18 at UT 21:00 Pickering, based at Arequipa, Peru, and using a 12" reflector, saw in Schroter's Valley and the vicinity "Varitions in vapor column. Drawings. Time estimated from given colongitude)." Cameron 1978 catalog ID=271 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1921 Nov 15? UT 20:00? Observed by Chernov (Russia, 2" refractor x94) "Temporary increase in brightness of the light band at bottom noted close to FM. Crater actively noted in Oct. 10." NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #384.
On 1975 Dec ?? at 19:00UT P.W.Foley (Kent, UK), and possibly P. Moore? (Selsey, UK) - unusual events were reported which might have been due to minor structral changes. Albedo=76% (=7.6?). Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1425 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1978 Nov 16 UTC 19:40-19:45. Observer: Mark Kidger (UK, 6" refractor x40, x133, x200, seeing poor-boiling) - saw the north wall of Aristarchus to be an electric blue. No spurious colour was seen in other craters (despite the conditions). No other observers were able to confirm this due to the weather. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1975 Dec 19 UT 22:45 Observed by Foley (Kent, England) "Suspected anomaly in it", NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1424.
On 1975 Dec 19 at UT22:45 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK) suspected an anomaly in Aristarchus. Cameron 1978 catalog weight=1424 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
In 1942 Feb 02 at UT 18:20-19:15 Y.W.I. Fisher (Brussels, Belgium) a whitish glow near the Earthlit limb, near to Kepler (37W, 7N). The duration of the event was 55 min. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=488 and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1. Ref. p220-221 IAU Symposium No. 14 - The Moon.
On 1975 Feb 27 at UT21:26-23:32 P.W. Foley (Wilmington, Dartford, Kent, U.K., 12" reflector) picked up a colour Moonblink blink (brighter in blue) in Plato crater at 21:36, 22:15 and 23:32UT extended from 11 - 3 o'clock along entire area inside the crater - the effect was particularly diffuse and obscure, despite the surrounding localities being sharp. The effect was seen visually and was continuous. A check was made on star images and these were found to be very sharp and not pulsating, thuis indicating good atmospheric conditions. This is a BAA Lunar Section report. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Schroter's Valley 1898 Apr 09 UT 04:00 Observed by Pickering (Cambridge, Mass. USA, 15" refractor) "Variations in vapr col. Break in main col. Similar to earlier. time est. fr. given col. Date given is 8th LT =9th UT?."NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #300.
On 1992 Feb 21 at 03:00-03:55UT C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 3" refractor x116, seeing II) found that Janssen K was very bright. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=441 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1993 Dec 31 at UT 05:00-07:40 S. Beaumont (Cambridge, UK, 12" reflector) "saw a patch of hazy light to NW (from c.p. alpha) at 0550 craters B & J shadow of alpha had not reached E wall yet, but at 0536 it did. Alpha > at 0550. Craters B & J to SE had faded, vanished at 0630. Hazy patch remained around peak, alpha low mainly to NE like a comet's tail. Slightly reddish fringe to E wall. (shown in sketch)". The above has been quoted in full from the Cmeron catalog because the catalog desription is slightly ambiguous and any attempted summary might make the description more unreliable. The cameron 2006 catalog ID=470 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Cassini/Tycho 1995 Jan 19 UTC 04:35 Observer: R.Livesey (UK) - Tycho appears brighter than Cassini bright spot in red filter. In violet filter Tycho and Cassini bright spot appear equally bright. (Tycho and Cassini bright spot in Deslandres - added at bottom of report?). 2.5" refractor x48 (indoors), seeing Antoniadi II-IV. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Tycho/Cassini 1995 Jan 19 UTC 04:35 Observer: R.Livesey (UK) - Tycho appears brighter than Cassini bright spot in red filter. In violet filter Tycho and Cassini bright spot appear equally bright. (Tycho and Cassini bright spot in Deslandres - added at bottom of report?). 2.5" refractor x48 (indoors), seeing Antoniadi II-IV. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Torricelli B 2002 Oct 23/24 UT 23:25-23:52 Observed by Clive Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60 mm OG x120 + prism) "Observed that Torricelli was very diffuse and Tor B showing shadow ? observer considered a shadow perhaps a little surprising this far from the terminator. Nothing unusual seen by M.Cook at 23:52UT or by A Cook at 00:40-00:52 and indeed other craters did appear to have shadows this far from the terminator ? so perhaps only unusual aspect of the original observation that could not be checked due to poor seeing by the latter observer was the fuzziness. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
In 1790 Mar 03 at 22:00 UT Wilkins (England?) observed Herschel's 1787 lumninous point (Aristarchus) in the same place. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=67 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Alphonsus 1958 Nov 29 UTC 22:00? Observed by Wilkins (Kent, UK, 15" reflector) "Near site of Kozyrev's outbreak saw a circular patch, black pit center, & red, round masses all around it." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #708.ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1980 Sep 28 at UT05:00-07:00 W. Steed (Ocean City, MD, USA, 3" refractor, x45 and x220) detected a "tower-like" feature on the east rim of Mouchez crater, and appeared about 2-3x higher than other mountains nearby. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=112 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1971 Jun 13 UT 08:21 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4" reflector x51, x93, x121) "S. part of floor was brownish & granulated" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1296.
Gassendi 1971 Jun 13 UT 07:22-08:05 Observed by Raimundo Nonato da Silva (Parnaiba, Brazil, 9.5" reflector, x180) "At 0755h variation on W.(IAU?) edge of crater "brightness seemed to become a little darker" as it was gugacious (foggy?), Was not sure it was a LTP. Other features & it were normal from 0658- 0755h". NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID 1295. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1978 Nov 19 UT 22:40-23:05 Observed by Pedler (UK, 12.5" reflector, x200, seeing fair) Blue colour seen and could not focus on this part, where as other craters were nice and sharp in this filter. Aristarchus darker in red light. all other craters were normal in red. Attempts to change the eyepiece did not make any difference to the blue colour. Cameron 2005 catalog ID=43 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1891 Sep 23 at UT 22:00 Pickering, based at Arequipa, Peru, and using a 12" reflector, saw in Schroter's Valley and the vicinity "Varitions in vapor column. Drawings. Time estimated from given colongitude)." Cameron 1978 catalog ID=272 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Heraclides Point 1948 Jul 27 UT 02:00? Observed by Doherty (Stoke-on- Trent, England, 3" refractor? or 6" reflector or 10" reflector) "Strangeley blurred & misty; La Place Prom was perfectly sharp." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #507.
On 1995 Apr 03 at UT 03:30 Unknown Observer (Transparency good) saw a darkening in the Cobra Head, Schroter's valley area of Aristarchus - the best example that he had ever seen. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=474 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=. Reference - BAA Lunar Section circular 1995 Oct, p125 and personal communication from David Darling to the BAA on 6/6/1995. Note it is uncertain whether this refers to the Clementine mission or to somebody who observed during the Clementine mission, or somebody with that surname. Anyway if it is the Clementine mission then the date is wrong - possibly the year should have been 1994? The Cameron catalogue does actually mention a TIFF on Clementine mission? The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=474 and the weight=3. I am assuming that the year should be 1994 and not 1995? The ALPO/BAA catalog weight=1 until we can find out what the correct date is?