TLP Repeat Illumination/Libration and Earthshine predictions for: Denmark - Copenhagen

Ill is percentage illumination of the Moon
*Indicates a repeat illumination and libration event to within +/- 1 deg for both
A non-* indicates just repeat illumination to within +/-0.5 deg

2018-Jun-17 UT 19:48-20:07 Ill=22% Aristarchus observed by Unknown_Observer on 1961-4-19

     On 1961 Apr 19 at UT 20:00? an unknown observer reported in Aristarchus 
     a light flash for 15 seconds. Cameron suspects a meteor? The Cameron 
     1978 catalog ID=735 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.

2018-Jun-17 UT 19:49-20:07 Ill=22% Mare_Crisium observed by de_Carlo_J on 1987-2-3

     On 1987 Feb 03 at 00:30UT J. de Carlo (Little Falls, NJ, USA, 4.5" 
     refractor, x260, x350, seeing-very good) observed a very bright yellow 
     light in the centre of Mare Crisium (near a raised crevice), almost 
     like a "gigantic nuclear bomb explosion "which expanded (to 1/8th the 
     diameter of mare Crisium) and then reduced in size. The flare fickered 
     at a rate of 1/10s. apparently the edge of this TLP looked rough, 
     almost like emittyed debris. The TLP was fixed in position on the Moon. 
     TLP confirmed by observer's father. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=295 and 
     the weight=3. the ALPO/BAA weight=2.

2018-Jun-17 UT 20:03-20:07 Ill=22% Aristarchus observed by Kater_H on 1821-2-6

     On 1821 Feb 06 at UT 18:00-19:00 At 18:00UT H. Kater (London, UK), 
     Olbers (Bremen, Germany), Browne (UK), commented that Aristarchus 
     looked like a 6-7th magnitude lumninous star, some 3-4' in diameter. At 
     19:00UT Aristarchus looked like a cloudy spot according to Ward and 
     Bailley (England, large telescope, x80). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=
     84-85 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.

2018-Jun-18 UT 19:49-20:26 Ill=32% Aristarchus observed by Joulia on 1931-2-22

     On 1931 Feb 22 at UT 20:30 Joulia (Castelnaudary, Aude, France?) 
     observed in the Aristarchus region: "Reddish-yellow glimmer of light, 
     very variable with nearly complete extinction. (similar to Herschel's 
     1787 & Tempel's 6/10/1866 obs.)". The Cameron 1978 atalog ID=399 and 

2018-Jun-19 UT 19:49-20:58 Ill=43% Ross_D observed by Harris on 1967-12-8

     Ross D 1967 Dec 8 UT 02:30-02:40 Observer: Harris (Tucson?, 
     AZ?), colourless bright area SW of Ross D with repeated 
     condensations that appeared then dissipated in thirty seconds to 
     a minute. ALPO/BAA weight=1.

2018-Jun-19 UT 19:59-21:01 Ill=43% Theophilus observed by Cross on 1966-1-28

     Theophilus 1966 Jan 28 UTC 01:24-03:45 Observed by Cross & 
     Ariola (Whittier, CA, USA, 19" reflector, x300, S=6-4, T=4, "3 
     red patches appearing and dissappearing at different times. 
     Obscurred at sunrise on it. Later, red patch appeared on the 
     floor." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #920. ALPO/BAA 

2018-Jun-19 UT 20:13-20:43 Ill=43% Proclus observed by Gray_R on 2003-2-8

     Proclus 2003 February 8,2003 UTC 02:09-03:07 Observed by Gray 
     (Winnemucca, NV, USA, 152mm F9 refractor Seeing 6-7, Transparency 6 
     305x) "Blinked Proclus with Wratten Red 25 and Blue 38A filters. 
     Features seen through the red filter were basically seen with the same 
     degree of clarity as in white light, in the case of sunlit walls, maybe 
     a little bit better in the red. With the Blue 38A filter only the 
     brightest part of the crater walls (north end) was visible-the rest of 
     Proclus was dark shadow. At 3:07UT I compared the brightest parts of 
     Proclus with Censorinus and Dionysius. The brightest parts of Proclus 
     and Dionysius were comparable. Censorinus was much less bright than 
     either of the above craters-the halo and crater were much faded over 
     its usual brilliant appearance. Both Censorinus and Censorinus A
     were visible as distinct craters at 114x. The black shadow covering the 
     east 40% of Proclus last night had broken up into three patches 
     separated from each other by lighter bands. These were confined to
     the east crater wall. Only the central patch was black, the other two 
     were considerably lighter. Running along the southwest edge of the 
     crater floor of the crater floor appeared to be a hill to the north
     of which was a less elevated plateau. As the observing period 
     progressed part of the brilliantly illuminated north crater wall 
     developed a darker area which gradually became more prominent. As
     the sun is getting higher I would expect shadows and dark areas to 
     diminish-what was happening here is unknown. However, this is not an 
     unusual event for this part of Proclus". The ALPO/BAA weight=2.

2018-Jun-19 UT 20:29-21:01 Ill=43% Censorinus observed by Nicolini on 1959-9-8

     Censorinus 1959 Sep 08 UT 22:45-23:50 Observed by Jean Nicolini 
     (Brazil) "Much brighter than Proclus" NASA catalog weight=2. 
     NASA catalog ID #721. ALPO/BAA weight=2.

2018-Jun-19 UT 20:32-22:50 Ill=43% Theophilus observed by Dieke on 1964-5-18 *

     Theophilus 1964 May 18 UTC 01:05-01:15 Observed by Dieke (Baltimore, 
     MD, USA, 6" refractor, x125) "Crescent of crsimson color on SW between 
     rim & flor. Was not present at 0500, nor did it reappear from 0115 to 
     0245h" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #812.

2018-Jun-19 UT 20:59-21:03 Ill=44% Earthshine: sporadic meteors

2018-Jun-20 UT 19:50-20:55 Ill=54% Alphonsus observed by Hoffman on 1965-4-8

     Alphonsus 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw 
     variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA 
     catalog ID #873.

2018-Jun-20 UT 19:50-20:55 Ill=54% Aristarchus observed by Hoffman on 1965-4-8

     Aristarchus 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw 
     variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA 
     catalog ID #873.

2018-Jun-20 UT 19:50-20:55 Ill=54% Censorinus observed by Hopmann on 1965-4-8

     Censorinus 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hopmann (Czecholovakia?) 
     "Green flash or brightening (date correct ? written 8-4-65. First taken 
     as American convention, thus as Aug. 4, but now think it was in 
     European convention of day first then month)." NASA catalog weight=2 
     (low). NASA catalog ID #873a.

2018-Jun-20 UT 19:50-20:55 Ill=54% Hyginus_N observed by Hoffman on 1965-4-8

     Hyginius N 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw 
     variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA 
     catalog ID #873.

2018-Jun-20 UT 19:50-20:55 Ill=54% Linne observed by Hoffman on 1965-4-8

     Linne 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw 
     variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA 
     catalog ID #873.

2018-Jun-20 UT 19:50-20:55 Ill=54% Proclus observed by Hoffman on 1965-4-8

     Proclus 1965 Apr 08 UTC 20:00? Observed by Hoffman (Germany?) "Saw 
     variable shining bright lights". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA 
     catalog ID #873.

2018-Jun-20 UT 20:25-21:17 Ill=54% N_Pole observed by Lebanon_Observers on 1881-7-4

     Limb North? 1881 Jul 04 UT 00:30 Observed by Several observers 
     (Lebanon, CT, USA, naked eye, alt @ 10 deg) "2 pyramidal protruberances 
     on upper limb (dark?). Points were darker than rest of moon's face then 
     slowly faded away (atm ? moon very low)" NASA catalog weight=? NASA 
     catalog ID #223.

2018-Jun-20 UT 20:30-21:17 Ill=54% Promontorium_Agarum observed by Louderback_D on 1987-11-28

     On 1987 Nov 28 at UT 04:16-04:45 D. Louderback (South Bend, WI, USA, 
     3"reflector, x150, S=E) observed that the Promontorium Agarum plateau 
     was rather dull and grayish - usually it was "tannish" "even > sunlit 
     areas, & twin craters at his point A which are always > spots on 
     plateau. At 0420 whole plateau sank into complete darkness, hard to 
     distinguish from mare plain. albedo dropped to 5 from 6.8 reading. 
     Nearby plain was normal 5 so phenomena had not spread to it. At 0424 
     Cape started to reappear to albedo 6 until 0445, when it returned to 
     normal, but not sharply defined - like through haze. Detail better in 
     red than in blue filter, sketches. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=315 and 
     the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3. 

2018-Jun-20 UT 20:38-21:17 Ill=55% Hyginus_N observed by Unknown_Observer on 1878-10-3

     In 1878 Oct 03 at UT 20:00 an Unknown observer noted that Hyginus Nova 
     had the most conspicuous of all appearances, and there was no trace of 
     it on 1878 Oct 04. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=201 and weight=3. The 
     ALPO/BAA weight=2. 

2018-Jun-21 UT 19:50-20:44 Ill=65% Proclus observed by Haiduk on 1972-8-17

     Proclus 1972 Aug 17 UT 20:05-21:10 Observed by Haiduk (13.25E, 52.5N, 
     60mm refractor, S=1, T=3) "Well visible bright area at the NE wall, end 
     of event uncertain for seeing became poor" Hilbrecht & Kuveler Moon & 
     Planets (1984) Vol 30, pp53-61.

2018-Jun-21 UT 19:50-19:58 Ill=65% Alphonsus observed by Kane_D on 1993-6-27

     On 1993 Jun 27 at UT 19:55-20:21 and 20:24-21:04) D. Kane (England? UK, 
     4" refractor) discovered that the central peak of Alphonsus crater was 
     very bright. The central peak was also brighter in red than in blue 
     light. However G. North (Herstmonceux, UK, 6" reflector, x135, seeing 
     V-III) and M. Cook (Frimley, UK, 4" reflcrctor, x10, seeing=III) 
     observed that the central peak was normal, however they did not use 
     filters. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID= and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA 

2018-Jun-21 UT 20:25-23:28 Ill=65% Plato observed by Bartlett on 1964-5-20 *

     Plato 1964 May 20 UT 01:00-01:30 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, 
     USA, 2.4" refractor x117, S=6, T=5). "Orange-red color on W. wall. 
     Vivid" NASA catalof weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #813.

2018-Jun-21 UT 20:36-21:27 Ill=65% Aristarchus observed by Elger_TG on 1867-4-12

     On 1867 Apr 12 at UT 19:30-21:00 Elger (Liverpool? UK, 4" aperture 
     telescope) observed Aristarchus in Earthshine "grew fainter 7th mag. 
     star; much fainter in last 15 min. & barely perceptible at 9PM. Had 
     seen something similar on former occ." The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=152 
     and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.

2018-Jun-21 UT 20:40-21:27 Ill=65% Hyginus_N observed by Unknown_Observer on 1878-10-4

     In 1878 Oct 04 at UT 20:00 an Unknown observer noted that Hyginus Nova 
     could not be seen, whereas the night before the crater had the most 
     conspicuous of all appearances. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=201 and 
     weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2. 

2018-Jun-21 UT 20:50-21:27 Ill=65% Curtis observed by Williams_AS on 1882-9-20

     Williams of the UK, on 1892 Sep 20 at Moon's age 8.4 days, noticed a 
     spot that had been seen on the 21st and 23rd of the same year with 
     abnormal brightness. The spot was near Picard. Williams comments the 
     spot was "nearly as large but a little fainter than Picard, This 
     observation was reported in the Astronomical Register of the Royal 
     Astronomical Society and is not included in the Cameron catalogs. It is 
     one of many measurements of the brightness of this spot for different 
     illumination angles and is one of three outlying brightness points 
     spotted on a graph by Willaims. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.

2018-Jun-22 UT 19:50-20:07 Ill=74% Mons_La_Hire observed by Geisel_M on 1972-11-15

     Mons la Hire 1972 Nov 15 UT 09:45-10:18 M.Geisel (Brisbane, 
     Australia, 12.5" f/8 reflector, x90) discovered the TLP, P. 
     Anderson (9.5" reflector) independently confirmed that the TLP
     had an effect in his Moon Blink device - but the effect 
     (suspected that the blink was caused by the extreme nrightness 
     of the mountain?) was weak and thought it not worth further 
     investigation. Photographs taken by Anderson. Geisel believes 
     the effect to be real and states that the area remained sharp 
     and clear throughout. ALPO/BAA weight=2.

2018-Jun-22 UT 21:13-21:29 Ill=75% Vitello observed by Unknown_Observer on 1960-8-1

     On 1960 Aug? 01 at UT 22:00? an unknown observer detected that Vitello 
     was illuminated -it should have been in shadow? Cameron says that if 
     several days before sunrise then the date could have been July through 
     to December, with August 1st most likely, and ancilary data is 
     therefore given for this date. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=729 and 
     weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.

2018-Jun-23 UT 19:50-20:23 Ill=83% Copernicus observed by Johnstone_GH on 1954-11-6

     Observed by G.H. Johnstone of Albuquerque, NM, USA on 1954 Nov 05 UT 
     20:00 (according to Cameron), but 02:00-04:00 according to the
     original observation and at colongitudes 34.7 to 35.7 deg. 4" 
     reflector, x150 used. The obsewrver reported that the western part 
     (about 1/3rd of the interior) was pitch black with shadow. However 
     there was a zone about as wide, or perhaps only a fourth of the total 
     width that was distinctly a lighter bluish shade, almost like twilight. 
     The shadows of the peaks on the western edge of the rim were clearly 
     seen crossing this bluish shadowed area. Then this area ended sharply, 
     and the farside was bathed in light from the rising sun. The shadows of
     the peak were sharply defined across the twilight zone, and the edge of 
     the pitch black shadow was easily defined but not as sharp as the
     darker shadows crossing the the blue twilight zone. The observer 
     checked other craters but did not see this condition in any of them - 
     they all had the abrupt division between black and white that we would
     normally expect to see. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=579 and weight=2.
     Reference 1962 edition of ALPO's Journal: The Stolling Astronomer.
     ALPO/BAA weight=3.

2018-Jun-23 UT 19:50-21:19 Ill=83% Plato observed by Moore_P on 1981-6-12

     P. Moore at 21:10 found the southern wall (and ontothe southern floor)
     of the crater to be indistinct. Elsewhere in the crater everything was
     sharp. The effect was still seen at 21:42UT, but less strong. A check
     was made for colour with aq Moonblink device, but none was seen. There
     was still a trace of this effect at 21:44UT, although detail was now
     becoming visible. By 21:48UT vertical streaks were seen crossing
     the floor from the obscuration area and these were more visible in the 
     red filter and not in the blue. Cameron comments that undefined patches
     on the floor of Plato are not normal. By 21:55UT some craterlets on the
     floor started to become visible and the TLP for Moore ended by UT22:23.
     P.Foley was alerted by Moore and saw a "amssive dense obsecuration
     on the south wall, south floor and south outer glacis to the Mare".
     Foley noted that by 21:50UT the effect was fading and finished by 
     22:03UT. Foley reported an orange translucent haze covering half of the 
     floor, but floor craterlets could be seen on and off - however his 
     atmospheric seeing conditions were IV. At 22:00 UT Foley reported the 
     floor close to the north wall to be "milky or misty". No detail was 
     visible at 21:15UT and variability in the floor continued until 
     23:10UT. Hedly-Robinson was aleted at 21:35UT and found no difference 
     between red and blue views of the area, however he did find that the 
     south rim was indistinct although this effect had lessened by 22:00 UT 
     and was normal by 22:17UT. M. Mobberly saw a white spot on the floor at 
     21:20 UT, whereas he normally would have expected to see craterlets. 
     Mobberly was alerted at 21:40 UT and took some colour photos. He also 
     made sketches that showed variability in the floor and dark lines and 
     patches in the north west corner. However the altitude of the Moon was 
     low. Cameron mentions that two of the photos show loss of detail at the 
     south wall and beyond.and also a change in the floor markings.The north 
     wall at 21:50UT was strangely reddish (didn't think this was spurious 
     colour). The rest of the wall was sharp at 22:20UT through a yellow 
     filter. Large bright patch in the centre and rest of the floor was 
     apparently of the same shading as Mare Imbrium. The above notes are 
     based upon the Cameron 2006 catalog extension TLP ID 145 and weight=4.
     ALPO/BAA weight=3.

2018-Jun-23 UT 20:25-21:03 Ill=83% Plato observed by Birt_WR on 1870-5-10

     Plato 1870 May 10 UTC 22:00 Observed by Birt (England) "Extraordinary 
     display of lights. Says not effect of sunlight" NASA catalog weight=4 
     (high). NASA catalog ID #167.

2018-Jun-23 UT 20:41-21:19 Ill=83% Unknown observed by Scarfe on 1964-1-24

     On 1964 Jan 24 at 20:00? Scarfe (UK) obtained spactra showing 
     luminescence? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=796 and weight=5. The 
     ALPO/BAA weight=3.

2018-Jun-23 UT 21:04-00:02 Ill=83% Plato observed by Brook_C on 2006-2-8 *

     C. Brook of Plymouth UK, using a 4" refractor x216, noticed at UT 20:10
     dark patches coming and going (in terms of visibility) on the floor of 
     Plato. Occasional views of the central cratelet (seen as a white spot) 
     were glimpsed. The dark patches seen lasted about 1-2 seconds before
     fading out during each visibility cycle. Teneriff Mountains were 
     checked but no sign of seeing effects that might explain the dark floor
     patches. By 20:26UT the dark patch effect was fading and by 20:31UT 
     floor detail was visible. Observations ceased at UT 20:34. Seeing 
     conditions were II and the Moon was at a high altitude. Other observers 
     were alerted but came on-line after the effect had finished. ALPO/BAA 

2018-Jun-24 UT 19:50-23:17 Ill=90% Gassendi observed by Robinson_JH on 1976-10-4 *

     Gassendi 1976 Oct 04 UT 20:55-20:58 Observed by Robinson (Devon, 
     England) - observer noted that the east outside wall was bright in red 
     and normal in blue. Note that the Moon was 30 deg above the horizon at 
     the time of the observation. The crater returned to normal at 20:58. 
     Also seen by Moore (Selsey, UK) and Foley (Kent, UK). At 21:25-21:50 D. 
     Sims (Dawlish, UK, 25cm reflector, x300, seeing IV and some cloud at 
     times) noticed a possible obscuration over the southern part of 
     Gassendi. He had been observing earlier at 18:40-19:30 but had not 
     detected a TLP in Gassendi then. 22:11UT Robinson notices that the spot 
     outside the east wall is again bright in red., though by 22:25 it had 
     faded  and was gone by 22:28UT. The Cameron 1978 catalog further 
     quotes: "Vivid red spots & general red color seen around rim by 2 obs. 
     At 2209h blood red small area was seen. 1 h later the most westerly 
     (IAU?) of the peaks had become hazy white all other areas were sharp. 
     (Indep. confirm.)." Cameron 1978 catalog weight=5 and catalog ID #1454. 
     The ALPO/BAA weight=3.

2018-Jun-24 UT 19:50-22:21 Ill=90% Aristarchus observed by Armitage_J on 2006-2-9 *

     Observer noted a bright spot on the interior west wall that seemed
     brighter than what they would have expected. unfortunately the precise
     time of this observation was not recorded so the moon-rise and 
     midnight UT values are used to place a limit on the time of 
     observation. Images by Shaw taken at UT 1754, 18:45 and 23:13
     do not exhibit the effect.

2018-Jun-24 UT 22:52-00:22 Ill=90% Torricelli_B observed by Cook_MC on 1989-1-18 *

     M. Cook of Frimley, UK observed a brightening of the crater during
     this observing session. The cameron 2006 extended catalog ID=346 and 
     weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.

2018-Jun-25 UT 19:50-21:07 Ill=95% Aristarchus observed by Foley_PW on 1981-4-16 *

     Foley, Kent, UK noted that the floor was slate blue-grey
     with no colour seen elsewhere. 12" reflector used, seeing=II.
     Cameron 2006 extension catalog ID 131 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA

2018-Jun-26 UT 19:50-22:30 Ill=98% Gassendi observed by Moore_P on 1976-10-6 *

     Gassendi 1976 Oct 04 UT 21:30 P. Moore (Selsey, UK, x400, 
     seeing poor) observed redness in the c.p. area. The ALPO/BAA 

2018-Jun-27 UT 23:30-01:53 Ill=100% Aristarchus observed by Bartlett on 1964-5-26 *

     On 1964 May 26 UT 04:10-04:35 Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, S=5, T=5). 
     observed that Aristarchus had a strong blue-violet glow on the east 
     wall and EWBS, with a strong violet tinge on the nimbus. Crater was 
     hazy, could not focus it in red, green or blue light. The Cameron 1978 
     catalog ID= and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.

2018-Jun-28 UT 01:43-01:53 Ill=100% Mare_Crisium observed by Brook_C on 2000-6-16 *

     On 2000 Jun 15 UT 20:37 C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60mm 
     refractor, x117 & x40, seeing good, transparency excellent) 
     observed abright spot on the north rim of Mare Crisium (57E, 
     25N). It was comparable to the illuminated rim of Proclus in 
     brightness. No colour seen. The spot was not visible the next 
     night. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.