Aristarchus 1969 Dec 26 UT 03:35-03:45 Observed by Kilburn (England, 6" x192) "Suspected faint blink & glow outside of SW(IAU?) wall. Large area was gray toward Herod. Another blink inside between 2 bands at0330h. At 0345h neither blinks seen. Blink seen in blue (=red event?). Next nite crater was normal." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1231.
Plato 1971 Dec 05 UT21:00-21:10 D.B.Taylor (Dundee, UK, 10" refractor, conditions poor and turbulent). Observer suspected colour orange colour near bright spot on north wall. Observation ceased due to being clouded out. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1968 Dec 07 UT 07:00? observed by Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector+Moon Blink) "Bluing around 3 craters, strongest at Aris. Lasted several days. Photos show 30% more intensity in blue filter than in red or neutral. Moon's declination northerly. Obs. think it was due to atm. effects" NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #1105.
On 1968 Dec 07 at UT 07:00? Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector and Moon Blink device) observed a bluing around three craters, one of which was Kepler. This effect lasted several days. Photographs were taken that show30% more intensity in the blue filter than in red or neutral. The Moon's decination was northerly. The observers suspect that it was an atmospheric efect and not a TLP. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1105 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1940 Jul 22 UT 05:00 Observed by Haas (NM?, USA, 12" reflector?) "Largest bright spot in SE part of floor had I=8.6, but 6+ on other dates. (see #472, 474 & 475). (8.6 is normal?)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #469. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Proclus 1956 Jul 25 UTC 06:16-06:33 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector, x180, S=3-5, T=4) "C.p. distinctly vis. within floor shadeo, est. 5 deg bright but no trace of it at col. 122.37deg in Oct, '55(Oct. 4?)." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #645. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Four bright spots seen in Mare Crisium. There was also peculiar behaviour of the terminator. Source: Midlehurst 1968 catalog TLP ID=16. Ref Web 1962 p62-76. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Conspicuous bright spot seen on 6th. Also seen on 7th, absent on 8th. Cloud-like effect where light had been (on 8th). Cameron 1978 catalog TLP ID No.=139 and weight=3.
Daniell 1894 Feb 23 UT 00:00? Observed by Krieger (Germany) "Strong, brownish-red coppery hue." NASA catalog weight=4 and catalog ID #281. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
1894 Feb 23 UT 00:00(?) Posidonius N. Wall observed by Krieger (Germany) "Strong, brownish-red coppery hue." NASA catalog weight=4 and catalog ID #281. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Cleomedes Alpha 1993 Sep 03 UT2200-22:20 G. North (UK, 18.25" reflector, x86 & x144) observed it to be a strikingly brilliant 'splodge' seen in the mostly shadow filled interior of Cleomedes, and around this splodge was a faint halo extending symetrically in an eastwards direction. The splodge was the mountain Cleomedes Alpha. Strangely no shadow from the mountain was seen to be cast onto the halo on the east. Observer alerted other observers by phone, and upon returning to the scope found that the splodge had faded in brightness and continued to fade over the next hour as one would expect from a mountain at sunset. Some heavy spurious colour was present. J. Cook & M. Cook (Frimley, UK) observed at 22:20-22:25 and found the bright splodge, but no halo. M. Cook re-observed later and confirmed normal fading of splodge. Roscoe observed from 00:30UT next day, but by that time Cleomedes Alpha had set and was no longer visible in the shadow filled floor. S. Beaumont had observed earlier at 20:00 but had recorded all as normal in Cleomedes. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=466 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Madler 1962 Apr 22 UTC 08:24 Observed by Wildey, Pohn (1st measurement) (Mt Wilson, CA, USA, 60" reflector with photometer) "Photometric measures show change in brightness from Vmag=3.79 to V=4.40. The average brightness for age 17d is V=3.99. Crater faded from .2 mag brighter than av. to .4 mag. fainter (@1.5 times fainter) than av., a range of .6 magnitude, or @ 1.5 times diff. in brightness". NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #757.
Near Bacon, Barocius, Nicolai i.e. 16E-25E, 52S-42S 1878 Nov 13 UTC 02:30 Observed by Hammes & others (Oskaloose, Iowa, USA, 6.5" reflector) "Lunar volcano (drawing) (investigation & correspondence cast doubt on location)" NASA catalog weight=? NASA catalog ID #208.
LeCroy Jr. and Sr. (Springfield, VA, 4.5" reflector, x75, S=VG, T=3) observed the following in the Aristarchus and Herodotus region: "Prior to 0542h the 2 craters were 2 bright spots within bright areas. Then a brightness developed merging them together into one big bright area with no discernable details. Returned to normal at 0554h. Sketches. Albedo=10+ where normal albedo is 9.5". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= 1413 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 2006 Dec 08 at UT 17:32 (+/- 2 min) M. Collins (Palmerston North, New Zealand, 3.5" Maksutov, 40mm eyepiece, seeing III-IV) observed during daylight hours an extremely bright flash south of Godin. It flared up and down over a fraction of a second an appeared three times brighter than the Moon background itself. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1877 Nov 23 UT 22:00? Observed by Crain, Klein, Eng. officer (France?, Cologne, Germany, England?, 6" refractor?) "A luminous triangular object on floor & each craterlet on floor outlined as a lum. pt. (indep. confirm.?)" NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #199. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1955 Oct 04 UT 22:00 Dubois and Kozyrev (Crimea, Soviet Union, 50" reflector) observed the following in Aristarchus crater: "Low disprsion (d=.13 whereas on Oct 28 & Nov d=0.03) Spectogram showing emiss. in central part nr. H&K". Cameron says that this is a confirmation of the previous Bartlett TLP? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= 619 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
Pico 1976 Aug 13/14 20:50-01:00, 03:15 Observed by Foley? or Findlay? (England, S=E) "Dark line to the E. (IAU?) of Pico obs. & persisted till 0100h. On 14th the whole area around Pico was gray & diffused. At 0315h detail reappeared & NW corner sparkled. Small brilliant spot appeared due N. of it & the albdeo exceeded Aristarchus (=9+ ?)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1443.
Aristarchus 1969 Nov 27 UT 20:00? Observed by Miles (coventry, England, 5" refractor, x120) "Strong pink color in N. part; spectacular strong blink. Did not notice obscur. Bands were vis." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1227.
1936 Oct 04 UT07:42 W.Haas drew bands, many smaller spots on floor. Pickering's atlas 9D col 141 shows bands but no bright spots. Haas' location Aliance, OH, USA. Reference: Haas, W. J.Royal Astr. Soc. Canada. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=416 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Theophilus 1971 Dec 06 UT 21:35-23:20 Observed by Findlay, Ford, Taylor, Robbie (Dundee, Scotland, 10" reflector x180), Bolger (Chester, England), Fitton (Lancashire, England, 8" reflector). "Red-orange patch on E. (IAU?) floor even without a blink. Others confirmed. Dimmed by 2105h but still seen. Dimmer yet at 2230h & gone at 2300h. Baum saw brownish-red patch at 25.5E, 12.5S. Taylor saw reddish patch SE of crater, fainter at 2220h, gone at 2300h. Fitton saw image very dull,yellow & steady. Filters showed nothing unusual, & nothing seen at 2320h." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1320. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristillus 1939 Sep 03 UTC 05:00 Observed by Haas? (New Mexico?) "Dark area in W. part of floor was I=4.0, comp. with I=1.3, & I=3.7 (see # 450, & #454). Used different telescope, but can't explain diff. in albedo, since phase is similar in 2 & dist. from term. similar in all (normal?)." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #459.
Aristillus 1939 Jul 06 UT 05:00 Observed by Haas? (NM?, USA, 12" reflector?) "Dark area in W. part of floor was I=1.3 but other dates were brighter. or same. yet cond. similar (see #454, 459 & 461)" NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #450.
Fracastorius 1975 Jul 27 UT 22:45 Observed by Robinson (Teignmouth, England) "Blink seen. Floor brighter in red than in blue. Suspects colour is spurious". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1410.
Plato 1975 Jul 27 UT 22:45 Observed by Robinson (Teignmouth, England) "Blink seen. Floors brighter in red than in blue". NASA catalog weight= 1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1410.
Theophilus 1975 Jul 27 UT 22:45 Observed by Robinson (Teignmouth, England) "Blink seen. Floor brighter in red than in blue". NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASa catalog ID #1410.
On 1979 Jul 14 at UT 00:24-01:10 P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK, 15cm reflector, x35, x52, x73 and x110, seeing IV-V, transparency very good). Note that the observing date was also written as Jul 18th in the original report? Puiseaux was very clear in white light, but could not see the cenrtral peak. The central peak though was visible through a Waretten 15 (yellow) filter. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1904 Aug 01 at 05:00? Pickering (Echo Mt., CA, USA) UT Plato: "Bright hazy obj., 2" diam. on floor, Obs before & after were normal". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=318 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Messier A 1951 Oct 20 UT 00:00? Observed by Moore (England) "Brilliant white circular patch in it. has seen it & Messier blurred several times." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #545 Note that the date and time given are probably wrong as the Sun is ~7deg below the local horizon at this time. ALPO/BAA weight=1 to reflect this error.
Eratosthenes 1976 Sep 14 UTC 04:24 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4.5" reflector, 45-300x, S=6, T=3 hazy) "Pseudo shadow F disappeared & wall here is same intensity as whole inner crater wall, = 4deg. No change in X, X3 or X2 (4 deg much brighter than normal)." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). Cameron c1978 atalog ID=1453 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1956 Jul 28 UT 05:20-05:55 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector, x180, S=5, T=4) "Vivid blue- viol. gl. on c.p., band across E. floor, & EWBS, E. & NE wall". N.B. The effect had vanished by 07:20UT. NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID 646. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1975 Jul 29 at UT 00:00 Fraser (England, 6" reflector, x70) and Howick (England, 3.5" reflector) observed the occultation of 51 Pisc. at emersion - Fraser saw a flash or spike of liht which proceeded emersion of primary by 0.4sec. The 9.0 mag companion appeared some moments later. Howick at 1 km away, with 3.5" reflector noted nothing unusual. Cameron says that no 3rd companion is known. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1411 and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1976 Aug 15 UT 23:00-23:45 Observed by Garbott (2) (Bedfordshire, England, 10" reflector x500, seeing Antoniadi I) and by Moore (Sussex, England, 15" reflector, x360, seeing Antoniadi IV) "Noted blue color on N. wall extending toward Herod. Also saw orange color in S. region. Confirmed by father. (similar to many of Bartlett's rept's.), More noted nothing unusual at 2320h." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #1444. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2009 Oct 09 UT11:00-11:04 NASA's LCROSS upper centaur stage, followed 4 min later by the observation spacecraft, is due to impact into a the crater Cabeus in the hope of kicking up some dust and possible frozen volatiles. Note that this description is intended for observers on the date of impact and it is doubtful that any new science could be achieved by re-observing the same area months after the impact. If you are observing on the date of impact, then please observe around 11:00-11:04UT and ignore the predicted times in the headings. However this report is included as techniqcally if something is seen it is a TLP, albeit man-made! For those observing on the date in question here are a few observing tips to maximize the science of your observations: (1) If you are imaging, then please try to obtain images before the impact because you can then subtract these from images taken during the impact and hence show up faint changes that you might normally miss. (2) If you have a spare scope and camera,use this to observe through filters such as UBVR or I, or if you have narrow band interference filters, try observing in say Hydrogen Alpha, Methane, OH, or indeed any volatile that you might expect to see in a comet (the main source of water at the poles). (3) Please try checking the area long after the impact, just in case other effects might trigger a TLP. (4) Please go to some trouble to ensure accurate timings- these will be essential in order to understand the sequence of events - assuming any are seen. Timings can be obtained using a short wave radio or via a GPS. Note that you should always use UT or UTC. (5) Please send any observations that you make into the upload section of the LCROSS campaign observers web site. If you belong to an astronomical society e.g. BAA or ALPO, then do please send copies of your observations to the Lunar Sections of your society or club. (6) Finally this desription will be updated a day or two after the planned impact.
On 2009 Sep 09 UT23:31:43 P.Grego (St Dennis, Cornwall, UK, seeing II- III) suspected a flash south of Cabeus, just beyond the terminator. It was not bright, and lasted a fraction of a second. Thinks it might have been illusory as he saw some fainter flashes (cosmic rays?) during that nights observing session. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1966 Apr 12 at UT 01:05-01:23 Whippey (Northolt, England, UK, 6" reflector x212) and Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" Moon Blink) observed in Gassendi: "Abrupt flash of red, settling immediately to a point of red haze near NW (IAU?) wall. Continuous till 0123h. (Not confirmed at Corralitos Obs. MB--at same time?". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=927 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Alphonsus 1980 Jul 04 10:35-10:48UT Observed by B. Hobdell (St Petersberg, Florida, 6cm refractor and 20cm reflector. x130. Seeing Antoniadi I) "A dark discolouration was seen on the east floor, adjacent to the central peak and the dark area on the west floor directly south of the prominent dark area. Hobdell thinks it was a small crater on a secondary rill with slight venting discolooration, seen in Orbiter pictures. A sketch was made and the BAA alerted. The sketch matches the dark spots in Alphonsus (normal aspects?)" cameron comments that the sketch looks like the aspect in the Lick composite photos. Foley comments that dark at this lunar age is not normal. A UK observation made 14 hours later looked normal. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=99 and weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1974 Sep 08 UT 04:45-06:30 Observed by Cowan and Johnson (Dublin, TX, 8" reflector, x59, x152, S=7) "Saw a bright luminous, blue, misty cloud on th NE rim. Obscur. for 1st hr. then gave way to pink & features became vis. Cloud was tear-drop shape. No movement to glow. Pink cloud glowed too. Very tenuous by 0130h. (Nakamura says there were no seismic events within several hrs. of this time). Another person saw it without being advised as the where it was." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #1393. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Copernicus 1939 Sep 06 UTC 06:00 Observed by Haas? (New Mexico?, 12" reflector) "Dark area at foot of N. inner wall had I=4.8 comp. with I= 1.8 in #451. (same phase so a real difference)." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #460.
On 1878 Oct 18 at UT 21:00? Gaudibert (France?, 4"refractor) observed Webb's white spot on SW border of Wargentin to be brilliant, however this had vanished by Oct 19. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=204 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Tycho 2006 Jan 22 UT 06:34-06:36 Observed by Fabio Carvalho (Assis, Sao Paulo Brazil, 25cm f/6 Newtonian) "Green colouration seen on a rim of Tycho, effect remained visible for only 2 minutes. Attempts to image it shortly afterwards failed as it had finished by then" An REA-Brasil observational report. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 2009 Sep 11/12 UT23:28-00:00 M.C. Cook (Mundesley, UK, 90mm Questar, x80 and x190, seeing II and transparency moderate-poor) observed pink on the north west rim of Tycho and green-blue on the inner SW rim. No sign of colour elsewhere on the Moon except for the S-E rim of Plato that was red. The Moon was about 20 deg in altitude at the time. The effect had gone by the end of the observing period. A simulation of spurious colour in different directions was generated by the BAA Lunar Section and found to possibly account for these colours, although there should have been some strong colours seen elsewhere in Tycho and none were. The BAA/ALPO weight=2.
In 1899 Aug 29 at UT 15:30-16:15 Fauth (Landstuhl, Germany) noted that the inner parts of Copernicus glowed in weak phosphorescent light though not directly illuminated by the Sun. He thought it probably due to multiple reflections from lighted walls. The craters Bullialdus and Reinhold did not shiw this effect though. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= 305 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Vitello 1939 Jul 10 UT 09:30 Observed by Haas? (NM? USA, 12?" reflector) "S.part of dark area was I=2.5 but diff. values other times. (see #453, &457). Cond. were similar" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #452.
On 1979 Jul 18 at UT 00:24-01:10 P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK, 15cm reflector, x35, x52, x73 and x110, seeing IV-V, transparency very good). Note that the observing date was also written as Jul 14th in the original report? Puiseaux was very clear in white light, but could not see the cenrtral peak. The central peak though was visible through a Wratten 15 (yellow) filter. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1878 Oct 18 at UT 21:00? Gaudibert (France?, 4" refractor) observed Webb's white spot on SW border of Wargentin that had been brilliant the previous night, had completely vanished tonight. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=204 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Vitello 1939 Jul 11 UT 09:30 Observed by Haas? (NM, USA, 12"? reflector) "S. part of dark area was I=2.5, but diff. values other times. (see #453, & #457). Cond. were similar." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #452.
Aristarchus 1975 Aug 02 UT 02:23-02:49 Observed by Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector, photos obtained) "Floor of crater was slate gray/blue & a dense blue-viol. obscur. at NW corner of floor. Photos show smudge there. Phenom. vanished at 0249h. No alert or blink in order to get photos before it faded. Crater was abnormally bright." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID # 1412. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1897 Sep 22 UT 00:41 Observed by Molesworth (Trincomali, Shri Lanka, 9" reflector, conditions very good) "A Glimmering knotted streak seen beneath and parallel to the W wall. At the centre of the E. Edge of the shadow was another faint glowing effect – probably coincident with the central peak. The crater was more than half filled with shadow." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #290. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1912 Nov 07 at 06:37 A.C. Henderson, using a small telescope, after the Moon emerged from cloud, saw a complete silvery light around the Moon's disk such that the Moon resembled a ring rather than a crescent. This was seen both with the naked eye and the telescope. The reference for this comes from: Henderson, Alex, C.; "Circle of Silvery Light around the Old Moon", English Mechanic, 96:394, 1912. The ALPO/BAA weight=0.
Native American's account of a star that appeared below the body of the Moon, within the horns of it? Seen from Boston, MA, USA? Cameron's 1978 catalog gives this a weight of 5 and has a TLP ID No. of 9. The ALPO/BAA catalog gives this a weight of 1.
On 1964 Mar 26 at UT 23:58 Lecuona (Madison, New Jersey, USA, x225, seeing = good) observed a sudden red low on the south west rim of Aristarchus in the dark part of the Moon. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= 803 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1981 Apr 08 at UT00:35-01:09 Hobdell (St Peterburg, FL, USA, 2.4" refractor) detected white-orange flashes coming from Aristarchus crater, using averted vision - the flashes were several minuates apart and not regular. The crater itself had a blue glow and was stronger at lower magnification. Earthshine was really clear and several features visible. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=128 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1981 Apr 08 at UT00:35-01:09 Hobdell (St Peterburg, FL, USA, 2.4" refractor) found Bullialdus (and other craters) to be in a bluish haze. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=128 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1981 Apr 08 at UT00:35-01:09 Hobdell (St Peterburg, FL, USA, 2.4" refractor) found Copernicus (and other craters) to be in a bluish haze. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=128 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1981 Apr 08 at UT00:35-01:09 Hobdell (St Peterburg, FL, USA, 2.4" refractor) found Gassendi (and other craters) to be in a bluish haze. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=128 a nd weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1981 Apr 08 at UT00:35-01:09 Hobdell (St Peterburg, FL, USA, 2.4" refractor) found Kepler (and other craters) to be in a bluish haze. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=128 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
In 1797 Mar 02 at UT 19:00? Caroche (France?) observed "a volcano on the Moon near Promontorium Heraclides". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=76 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Observer: Fallows Observing site: Cape Town, South Africa. Cameron 1978 catalog describes the event as: Bright 8th magnitude star-like point. A more detailed account is as follows: Early in the year 1821 -- and a light shone out on the moon -- a bright point of light in the lunar crater Aristarchus, which was in the dark at the time. It was seen, upon the 4th and the 7th of February, by Capt. Kater (An. Reg., 1821- 689); and upon the 5th by Dr. Olbers (Mems. R.A.S., 1-159).(25) It was a light like a star, and was seen again, May 4th and 6th, by the Rev. M. Ward and by Francis Bailey (Mems. R.A.S., 1-159).(26) At Cape Town, nights of Nov. 28th and 29th, 1821, again a star-like light was seen upon the moon (Phil. Trans., 112-237).(27).Cameron 1978 catalog ID=91 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1981 Jun 06 at UT 21:30 G.W. Amery (Reading, UK, 10" reflector, seeing III) observed that Aristarchus was "quite distinctly even in twilight & Moon's altitude. Remaining dark areas were just visible". The 2006 Cameron catalog ID=142 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2002 Feb 26th at 18:41:25 UT Michael Hather saw, on the limits of vision, a brief magnitude 7 white flash about 300 km north west of Aristarchus, in Earthshine. He was using a 120 mm refractor. No other observers were observing at this time.
On 1964 Mar 18 at UT00:59 Earl and his brother (St Petersburg, FL, USA, 2.4" refractor, x35. seeing = very good) observed flashes in Aristarchus crater. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Kepler In 1949 Feb 02 at UT 18:20-19:15 Y.W.I. Fisher (Brussels, Belgium, 4" refractor) observed in Earthshine a white between Kepler and Encke, in Earthshine. The glow began to fade at 18:50 and was gone by 19:15. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=513 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1966 Apr 24 at 21:30UT R.Livsey (Scotland, 6" reflector at x275) observed that Aristarchus was "fluorescent" in Earthshine. It is uncertain whether the description of "fluorescent" should be involve this observation being categorized as a TLP, however just for safety it will be assigned an ALPO/BAA weight=1. This was a BAA Lunar Section report.
On 1987 Mar 04 at UT 19:03-19:47 H. Miles (Cornwall, UK, 5" refractor, x30, S=clear) found at 19:03 that Aristarchus was exceptionally bright (even without blocking out the sunlit side of the Moon), being the most easily seen crater on the Moon, and this was despite the sky not yet being dark. The crater had faded by 19:20UT and at 19:47UT Earthshine was no longer visible. CED brightness measurements were made and were less than usual and the inside of the crater may have had a blue/gray colour (unclear from the Cameron 2006 catalog description). The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=299 and the weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Nebulous appearance. Cameron 1978 catalog assigns an ID No. of 12 and a weight of 1. ALPO/BAA catalog assigns a weight of 1.
On 1867 Apr 09 at UT 19:30-21:00 Elger(Liverpool? UK, 4"? aperture telescope) observed that Aristarchus was shining like a 7th magnitude star-like point, becoming fainter, almost extinguished at 9PM. He had seen lights before but never so strong. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=151 and he weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1979 Jun 30 at UT0246-0319 D. & D. Darling (Sun Praire, WL, USA, 12.5" reflector, 80x and 150x, S=5/10). A weak blue glow seen in the Aristarchus region. It was fainter than that in May 1979 but was relatively easier to see. There was one "streamer" going south and another to the south west, and then smaller ones within the crater. These streamers started to fade from view at 03:04UT and the blow glow changed to a blow spot and Aristarchus became normal by 03:19 UT. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=56 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1969 Nov 11/12 at UT23:30-01:00 Mitchell, Celis and Marti (Paso Hondo, Chile, 10" refractor, x96, 4" refractor, x80, 3" refractor, x60, seeing = excellent) observed Aristarchus with a blue centre and irregular form, alternating with normal aspects. Some opacity (independent confirmation?) - Apollo 12 watch. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1208 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1983 May 17 at UT20:13-20:40 P. Madej (Huddersfield, UK, x38 and x63) found that Aristarchus was normal in appearance, but at 20:19 a blood red disk was seen as bright as a 6th magnitude star. The colour did not vary but the brightness changed from 4 to 8 over a 1.5-3min period, on the south west wall. Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector)observed Aristarchus at 22:10 and noted that it had the same rose-violet colour as had been seen by him a day earlier. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=220 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1981 Jun 08 at UT01:48-02:45 B. Hobdell (St Petersberg, FL, USA, 10 and 4" reflectors) could hardly see Aristarchus crater, however at 01:48UT it brightened in blue for about 3 minutes. Then at 02:20UT there was a bright flash, and by 02:25UT the crater was very bright, but by 02:45UT it was no longer visible. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=144 and weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1988 Nov 14 at UT 17:25-18:30 H. Miles (St. Minver, Cornwall, England, UK, 5"refractor? x60 and x120) found Aristarchus to be a white ill-defined circular patch. At 17:45UT it was a lot brighter (Cameron comments that this might have something to do with sky darkness). In contrast, Copernicus was just seen as a white patch and the Jura mountains could be seen (not as bright). Aristarchus grew brighter over time and there was a bright point on the west wall (seen at x60 and x120). Ït was fainter at 1854 & < At 1830. (Foley) said Earthshine cond. Superb with many regions clearly seen, but Aris. was dull. (Cooks) in hazy condition could not detect Aris." The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=338 and weight=0. The ALPO weight=1.
Theophilus 1964 May 18 UTC 01:05-01:15 Observed by Dieke (Baltimore, MD, USA, 6" refractor, x125) "Crescent of crsimson color on SW between rim & flor. Was not present at 0500, nor did it reappear from 0115 to 0245h" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #812.
On 25 Jun 1993 at UT 23:30-23:52 Carlos Colesanti (Mairinque, Brazil) obtained two CCD images of Julius Caesar crater and noticed a brilliant fuzzy area on the rim of the crater. This appeared in both images and resembled a fuzzy white blob. Note that this is a REA-Brazil observation. ALPO/BAA weight=1. Cameron (2006) ID=463.
Near Ross D (23E, 12N) 1964 May 18 UT 03:54-04:53 Observed by Harris, Cross et al. (Whittler, CA, USA, 19" relector x720, 8" reflector x322, S=G) "White gas obscuration. Moved 20mph, decreased in extent. Phenom. repeated. Drawing." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID 811.
Linne 1867 Aug 06 UT 21:00? Observed by Buckingham (England?) "Crater in darkness, he saw a "rising oval spot". Other obs. saw it as a triang. Bold black spot pointing to earth, slowly diffused white & drift of white on slope of pyramid. (indep. confirmation?)" NASA catalog weight=5 and catalog ID #155. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
White spot near Censorinus 1966 Dec 18 UT 23:40-23:46 Observed by Enie (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, 8" reflector x100, S=G) "Attention drawn to pink color in this usually white patch. Brightened to a light reddish tinge for 2 mins, then faded back to pink, then to white, Sketch." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1002.
Apianus D On 2011 Oct 03 UT 21:00-21:20 F. Power (Meath, Ireland, 11" SCT) observed changing colours (blue, white, and red) on the inner western rim of this crater. He changed eyepieces and moved the scope around to look at dufferent parts of the Moon, but nowhere else exhibited anything similar. As another test he asked his wife to have a look without telling her what he was seeing. She confirmed the same effect. 5 digital camera images had been taken. Most of these were out of focus and the first one was saturated, however one of them showed a approximately 35 km long, by 11 km wide (at the north) lopsided carrot shaped orange colour to the western rim of Apianus D. No similar strong colour could be seen anywhere else on the image, nor on the other 4 images. This TLP is being given an ALPO/BAA weight of 1 as the Moon was low, but an image taken looks interesting.
In 1878 Oct 03 at UT 20:00 an Unknown observer noted that Hyginus Nova had the most conspicuous of all appearances, and there was no trace of it on 1878 Oct 04. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=201 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Limb North? 1881 Jul 04 UT 00:30 Observed by Several observers (Lebanon, CT, USA, naked eye, alt @ 10 deg) "2 pyramidal protruberances on upper limb (dark?). Points were darker than rest of moon's face then slowly faded away (atm ? moon very low)" NASA catalog weight=? NASA catalog ID #223.
Mare Crisium 1989 Jan 14 UTC 19:15 Observed by Hedley-Robinson (Devon, UK, 5" Coude, Antoniadi II seeing, x150) "Floor blinks indicating colour - used a Moon blink device". 2 areas of the floor were affected, The first one was on the far west of Mare Crisium, next to Proclus crater. The second area was in the NNW, but outside the edge of the mare. Other features elsewhere checked but gave no colour reaction. Peters (UK) though did detect colour elsewhere, but his seeing was III- IV. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=344 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1989 Jan 14 at UT 19:15-19:30 M. Holmes (Rochdale, England, UK) reported that Torricelli B was "dull & inconspicuous". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=344 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
1987 Feb 06 UTC 02:35 Observed by Darling (Sun Praire, Wisconsin, USA, 12.5" Newtonian x342) "I was using a 12.5 f5 Newtonian reflector with a 9mm eyepiece and 2x Barlow with no filters. I had been observing other features on the Moon when I had panned to the area where the sunrise was taking place on Mount Piton. The mountain peak looked like a shimmering block of ice with a phosphorescence luminescence cloud around the peak. What was really interesting was the shaft of light streaming across the Lunar Maria that appeared like a cone and it came to a point near Mount Piton. The Mountain had the appearance of mother of pearl and the luster or glow that surround the peak only lasted about 20 minutes." The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=296 and gthe weight=4. the ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Lubbock 1973 Nov 02 UT 22:10-23:59 Observed by R.Hill (Greensboro, N. Carolina, USA) "Color in crater changed fro. gray to brownish -- strong enough change to be noted. Never saw anything like this 7 yrs. of observing". NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1379. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1978 May 14 at UT21:30-22:52 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector, seeing II and transparency excellent, no spurious colour) observed Aristarchus to be very bright in Earthshine and bluish. The CED brightness measuring device gave a very bright reading of 0.9, the brightest he had ever seen ir before was 0.3. Cameron 2006 catalog ID= 29 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1984 Apr 08 UT 19:50 Mobberley (14" reflector, x194, seeing III-IV, Transparency Fair-Poor, Cockfield, UK) found that Torricelli B's shadow was 1/2 the way across the floor, which was normal, but that there was a very dar grey/brown shroud around the carter, out to several radii. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1867 Apr 12 at UT 19:30-21:00 Elger (Liverpool? UK, 4" aperture telescope) observed Aristarchus in Earthshine "grew fainter 7th mag. star; much fainter in last 15 min. & barely perceptible at 9PM. Had seen something similar on former occ." The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=152 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
In 1878 Oct 04 at UT 20:00 an Unknown observer noted that Hyginus Nova could not be seen, whereas the night before the crater had the most conspicuous of all appearances. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=201 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Williams of the UK, on 1892 Sep 20 at Moon's age 8.4 days, noticed a spot that had been seen on the 21st and 23rd of the same year with abnormal brightness. The spot was near Picard. Williams comments the spot was "nearly as large but a little fainter than Picard, This observation was reported in the Astronomical Register of the Royal Astronomical Society and is not included in the Cameron catalogs. It is one of many measurements of the brightness of this spot for different illumination angles and is one of three outlying brightness points spotted on a graph by Willaims. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1964 May 20 UT 01:00-01:30 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 2.4" refractor x117, S=6, T=5). "Orange-red color on W. wall. Vivid" NASA catalof weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #813.
Eratosthenes 1976 Jun 06 UT 02:01 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3" reflector x54-300, S=5, T=5) "Bowel was full of shadow but a small 5 deg bright spot on NE floor. Nothing seen in 1975 at nearly same col. but shadow was deeper." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1432.
On 1916 Sep 05 at UT 19:30 Markov (Russia) observed in Plato light on shadow of the bands at the bottom of the crater. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=364 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1925 Jun 20 UT 20:00? Observed by Markov (Russia) "Light bands in bottom seen in shadow & did not seem to be elevations. These have been seen 5X from 1913-1922." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #391. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Alphonsus 1966 Apr 28 UT 21:58 Observed by Smith (England, 10" reflector) and Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector+Moon Blink) "Reddish patches, (not confirmed at Corralitos with MB tho they give feature as Gassendi in their report)." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #930. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1969 Nov 18 at UT 00:30-02:30 W. Cameron (Greenbelt, MD, USA, 12" reflector, x80 and x320) using a low power eyepiece, observed that bright craters (but not all of them) "glittered like diamonds". These craters were several on the terminator, Proclus, Censorinus, Manillius, Menelaus and Dionysius. The glitter effect was on the west wall crest -- like stars. Higher power revealed these areas to be bright but not star-like (nor glittering). The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=1212 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2009 Nov 25 UT18:42-21:03 P.Abel, T.Little and C.North (Selsey, UK, 15" reflector, seeing II-III, transparency very good), all saw visually a brownish tinge on the north west rim of Eratosthenes crater. P.Abel made a sketch and T.Little took some high resolution CCD images, some of which were through coloured filters. Checks were made for spurious colour, but none was seen elsewhere on the Moon. The eyepiece was changed but this made no difference. M.C.Cook (Mundesley) was observing with a smaller scope at the same time, but saw no colour, however observing conditions were worse. W.Leatherbarrow (Sheffield, UK) was observing with a instrumenet mid way in size, and saw a brownish tinge in the NW rim area, but saw a similar colour elsewhere and put this down to spurious colour. Normally multiple observers seeing the same thing would result in a weight of 4, however as this was only observers at Selsey and some of the evidence contradicts, I am allocating an ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Pallas-Schroter 1953 Nov 13 UTC 02:00 Observed by L.Stuart (USA) "Saw and photographed a bright spot on term. between these two craters. Used Kodak 103aF3." NASA catalog weight=5 and catalog ID #559. ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 1982 Jun 30 at UT 02:05-02:15 Marco Petek (Porto Alegre, Brazil) found that the region between Eratosthenes and Bode (7W, 13N) looked like it had a darkening (cloud?) that had even darker points inside. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=172 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1960 Aug? 01 at UT 22:00? an unknown observer detected that Vitello was illuminated -it should have been in shadow? Cameron says that if several days before sunrise then the date could have been July through to December, with August 1st most likely, and ancilary data is therefore given for this date. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=729 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
2007 Oct 20 UT 17:31 A.Pink (Basinkstoke, UK) images a flash on the dark size of the Moon near to Vitello. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1989 Jan 16 at UT 20:00 G. North (Herstmonceux, UK, 30" reflector) observed Toricelli B to change in brightness and found colour in it. A 10 minute exposure spectrum was taken (Cameron does not have information on whether anything unusual was recoeded) before clouds obscured the Moon. Normally a 30 minute exposure would be needed. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=345 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1979 Apr 06 UT 18:00-21:00 Observed by Crick (Belgium, seeing II- III) Part of floor darker than normal and obscuration on inner west wall - the effect did not change during the observation. Drawing made. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=49 and weight=3. ALPO-BAA weight=2.
Plato 1878 Oct 05 UT 21:40 Observed by Klein (Cologne, Germany, 6?" refractor) "Fog in W. part of crater. Faint shimmer like thin white cloud" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #203.
On 1982 Mar 04 at UT 20:00 M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK) found Censorinus (4.6) to be brighter than Proclus (4.0) in white light. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=164 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1982 Mar 04 at UT 20:00 M.C. Cook (Frimley, UK) found Proclus (4.0) to be fainter than Censorinus (4.6) in white light. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=164 and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristillus 1939 Sep 23 UT 01:00 Observed by Haas? (New Mexico?, USA, 12" reflector?) "Dark area in W. part of floor had I=1.3. comp with I= 1.3, 3.7, 4.0 in #450, 454, & 459, respectively. (albedos disagree at same phases, so are real anomalies). (normal here?)." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #461.
On 1987 Mar 09 at UT20:00 M. Mobberley (Sussex, UK) obtained some video of Mons Pico - apparently these show the mountain with a puzzling appearance (not sure whether it was the observer who claimed this or some one who analyzed the tape). The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=300 and the weight=5. ALPO/BAA=1.
Alphonsus 1966 Apr 20 UT 22:28 Observed by Smith (Nottingham, England, 10" reflector) Reddish patch possibly detected on SE flank of central peaks, but more dubious than that from 28th Apr. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1936 Oct 25 at 01:35 UT W. Haas (Alliance, OH, USA, 12" reflector) saw small bright spots on the floor of Eratosthenes, (Pickering's atlas 9A, col. 30deg, shows no spots - according to Cameron). Cameron 1978 catalog TLP=417 and weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Piton 1958 Sep 23 UT 00:00? Observed by Moore? (UK?) "Enveloped in an obscuring cloud-like mist" NASA catalog ID 697. NASA catalog weight=2. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1964 Jan 24 at 20:00? Scarfe (UK) obtained spactra showing luminescence? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=796 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
C. Brook of Plymouth UK, using a 4" refractor x216, noticed at UT 20:10 dark patches coming and going (in terms of visibility) on the floor of Plato. Occasional views of the central cratelet (seen as a white spot) were glimpsed. The dark patches seen lasted about 1-2 seconds before fading out during each visibility cycle. Teneriff Mountains were checked but no sign of seeing effects that might explain the dark floor patches. By 20:26UT the dark patch effect was fading and by 20:31UT floor detail was visible. Observations ceased at UT 20:34. Seeing conditions were II and the Moon was at a high altitude. Other observers were alerted but came on-line after the effect had finished. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
At approximately 18:43UT observer noticed that Censorinus, and its bright apron, appeared particularly brighter than normal. There was some spurious colour present - but just a redness along the southernmost extent of the apron visible; could not detect any blue along the northern edge however, he did do not suspect the colour to be anomalous. A re-examination at 18:51UT revealed that the crater had faded and was seen to fade visibly in real time to normal levels (over about a minute) by 18:53UT. Other features remained constant and so too did the apparent spurious colour.
Eratosthenes 1968 Nov 01 UT 01:50-02:06 Observed by Chilton (Hamilton, Canada, 12" reflector, 300x) "Red glow in the crater. Weak blink beyond ESE (IAU?) wall. Visually, area would not focus & gave impression of fog cascading down slope, but no motion was vis. (Moore has misprint in time in his cat. extension -- should be 0150-0206)." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID 1106. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1966 Apr 30 UT 21:30-23:28 Observed by Sartory, Ringsdore (England, 8.5" reflector, S=E), Moore, Moseley (Armagh, Northern Ireland, 10" refractor, S=VG), Coralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector, Moon Blink) "English moon blink system detected red spots with vis. confirm. Ringsdore says no color but saw obscuration. (LRL 60-in photos showed nothing unusual by my casual inspection). Indep. confirm. (even E. wall was in dark). Corralitos did not confirm by MB." N.B. event had finished by the time Corralitos came on-line. NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #931. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 2011 Oct 07 UT 21:45 Gassendi observed by P. Grego (St Dennis, UK,300m Newtonian, x150, seeing III, intermittent cloud) - whilst producing some sketches of the crater - observer noticed a faint point of light inside the shadow filled interior, two thirds of the way out from where the central peaks should have been, towards the SE rim. Some uncertainty in being sure about this spot and after interuption by cloud it was not seen later that evening. ALPO/BAA weight=1 to refelct uncertainty of observer.
Bulialdus 1979 Aug 03 UT 21:36-21:48 Observed by Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing III, Moonblink device) "Bullialdus eastern side of the crater looked brighter in red i.e. rim and exterior, extending to the south slightly and this reddish areas was slightly hazy. At 21:41 it clouded over but at 21:47-21:48 it cleared briefly and effect was noted again. Also Darney appeared very visible through the red filter. Probably spurious colour as the Moon was -18 deg in declination and the whole Moon had a slight brownish tinge" ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Darney observed by Cook (Frimley, UK, seeing III, Moonblink device) See TLP report for Bullialdus (eastern side) concerning reddish areas. At 21:41 it clouded over but at 21:47-21:48 it cleared briefly and the effect was noted on Bulialdus again. Also Darney appeared very visible through the red filter. Probably both effects were spurious colour related as the Moon was -18 deg in declination and the whole Moon had a slight brownish tinge. An ALPO/BAA weight of 1 is assigned to this TLP."
W. of Mare Humorum (50W, 25S) UTC 00:00? Observed by Mac Farline (England?) "Bright Point" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID 719.
In 1820 Oct 17 at UT 20:00 an unkown observer reported in Mare Imbrium, south of Sinus Iridum (30W, 40N) some brilliant spots. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=80 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1966 Dec 23 UT 06:15-07:10 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 6" reflector, S=P, T=G) and Coralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector +Moonblink) "3 brilliant spots on floor, all showed blinks, (permanent colored Ground features ?). Not confirmed by Corralitos MB." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1005.
Gassendi 1976 Oct 04 UT 20:55-20:58 Observed by Robinson (Devon, England) - observer noted that the east outside wall was bright in red and normal in blue. Note that the Moon was 30 deg above the horizon at the time of the observation. The crater returned to normal at 20:58. Also seen by Moore (Selsey, UK) and Foley (Kent, UK). At 21:25-21:50 D. Sims (Dawlish, UK, 25cm reflector, x300, seeing IV and some cloud at times) noticed a possible obscuration over the southern part of Gassendi. He had been observing earlier at 18:40-19:30 but had not detected a TLP in Gassendi then. 22:11UT Robinson notices that the spot outside the east wall is again bright in red., though by 22:25 it had faded and was gone by 22:28UT. The Cameron 1978 catalog further quotes: "Vivid red spots & general red color seen around rim by 2 obs. At 2209h blood red small area was seen. 1 h later the most westerly (IAU?) of the peaks had become hazy white all other areas were sharp. (Indep. confirm.)." Cameron 1978 catalog weight=5 and catalog ID #1454. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Observer noted a bright spot on the interior west wall that seemed brighter than what they would have expected. unfortunately the precise time of this observation was not recorded so the moon-rise and midnight UT values are used to place a limit on the time of observation. Images by Shaw taken at UT 1754, 18:45 and 23:13 do not exhibit the effect.
Gassendi 1966 May 01 UT 19:30-00:21 Observed by Sartory (UK, 8.5" reflector, x500, S=G), Moore, Moseley (Northern Ireland, 12.5" reflector x350, S=E) and by Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector + moon blink) "Eng. moonblink & obscuration, also vis. confirm (Moore & Moseley alerted by Sartory. Corralitos MB did not confirm. - but they may not have been observing at the ame time?)." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #932. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1978 May 18 at UT20:45-21:53 J.D. Cook (Frimley, UK, 12" reflector, x240) observed Promitorium Laplace to have visually a brown colour - though no Moon Blink (red and blue filters) effect was detected. Cameron comments that this is probably a subjective effect - also others have reported something similar at times. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=30 and weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1998 Jul 05 P. Moore (Selsey, UK, 15" reflector, x200- x400, seeing II/III) comments that he is puzzled why the floor of Plato, which is light gray in shade, looks completely blank tonight. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
M. Cook of Frimley, UK observed a brightening of the crater during this observing session. The cameron 2006 extended catalog ID=346 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1980 Jul 24 at UT02:00 F. Graham (East Pittsburgh, PA, USA, 6" reflector) took some photos (albeit out of focus) that showed a bright spot on the west rim. Cameron comments that this spot was sharp compared to the rest of the photograph, so was probably a photographic artifact. The effect was not seen in the finder scope. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=103 and weight=2. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Gassendi 1939 Sep 25 UT 01:30 Observed by Haas (New Mexico? 12" reflector?) "NE part pf c.p. had I=9.4 comp. with I=6.4 (normal? in # 458. under similar obs. cond. (& phase. thus real diff.)" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #462.
Aristarchus 1966 May 01 UT 21:55-22:45 Observed by Paterson, Brown, Sartory, Ringsdore (England, 12" reflector x252 for the former and 8.5"? reflector for the latter) "Eng. moon blink system detected red spots with vis. by all but Ringsdore. Brown saw intense white spot NW of crater wall" NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID 933. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
Gassendi 1967 Mar 22 UTC 19:39-19:43 Observed by Mosely (Armagh, N. Ireland, 10" refractor, x360) "Red color & blink strongly suspected in small area centred on junction of 3 clefts 1/2 way from c.p. & ESE wall. Well-defined & did not note change during obs. period. Clouds terminated obs. till 2120 when it was not seen." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1018.
On 1989 Sep 12 at UT00:58-02:25 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x159, S=7/10) observed similar light conditions to 1989 Jul 15. At 02:00 he observed pink on the south west wall of Aristarchus crater. At 01:24UT the Aristarchus ray was yellowish, however the entire Moon had a grey-yellow tinge of colour. Chromatic aberation was observed at 01:56UT. By comparison Gassendi was checked and had no colour. At 02:10 the crater wall of Aristarchus was unusual and was quite different in appearance to rims of other craters. The cameron 2006 catalog ID=375 and the weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
G. Ward (a lunar observer for 15 years) observed an area just south west of Mersenius C to be blurred and in a greenish cloud. The green colour was more like that of dead grass than one gets from a neon bulb. The effect was seen from 04:50-04:57UT, but could have been going on before it was first noted at 04:50-UT. Seeing was 6-7/10 4" Refractor (2 element). refractor had been used hundreds of hours before (over a 10 year period) with no similar colour was seen. The observer checked other areas but did not see any similar effects. They also rotated and changed eyepieces, but this made no difference to the TLP. The TLP site seen was picked up on an image taken earlier at 04:47UT by W. Bailley, from Sewell, NJ, USA. Unfortunately the area concerned, a mountain on the image, was saturated and so we cannot tell if a colour was present there and the seeing was poor.
Aristarchus 1975 Oct 16 UT 20:00? Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 12" reflector) "Deep blue-viol. spot in NW (IAU?) interior corner." NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID # 1413. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1889 May 11 at 22:00? UT an unknown observer saw an ink black spot on the rampart of Gassendi. It had not been seen before ar at the next lunation or indeed ever again. Cameron 1978 catalog ID=261 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1971 Sep 01 UT 20:45-21:05 Observed by Neville, Cunnington (Nottingham, UK, 4" refractor x180, altitude, low) "Saw a bright glow, especially in E. wall (Confirm. but not indep.?)" NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1310. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1976 Sep 05/06 UT 18:45-01:35 Observed by Prout (England?, 12" reflector, S=III-II), Foley (England, 12" reflector), Moore and Spry (Sussex, England, 12" reflector) "Viol. hue on crater on W. wall, especially NW corner seen by Prout & 2 Foleys. Moore & Spry did not see color. All obs. noted that the crater was dull
Proclus 1970 Oct 12 UT 00:54 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4" reflector, 51x-181x) "Floor darkened to intensity 1.5 deg (albedo) & c.p. became invis. Next day c.p. reappared & was 5 deg bright & 6deg bright on 15th" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1277.
Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector x180, S=1-5, T=5) Pseudo peak visible within floor shadow at 03:10h" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #671. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1965 May 12 at UT 19:10 E. Penzel (Rodewisch, East Germany) was taking a sequence of images during the impact of the Soviet Lunik 5. He detected a tens of km scale elongated cloud after the impact over a duration of 9.5 minutes. However there are differences between the images elsewhere on the Moon, possibly due to different exposures or some other effects and it is not 100% sure that what he detected was impact debris/cloud?. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Plato 1981 Jun 14 UT 21:58 Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 11.75" Newtonian, Seeing III, Transparency Good) "Obscuration Seen" BAA Lunar Section Observation. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 2016 Jul 17 UT 03:49 P.Zeller (ALPO, Indianapolis, IN, USA) imaged a pseudo-peak with shadow on the floor of Herodotus, however the image scale and quality of this colour image were not great and the observer suspects that it might be an imaging artefact. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Cobra Head 1966 May 02 UT 20:05 Observed by Sartory (England, 8.5" reflector x400) "Eng. moon blink detected red spots, seen visually also". NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #934.
Gassendi 1966 May 02 UT 20:18-20:19 Observed by Sartory (England, 8.5" reflector x400) "Eng. moon blink detected red spots, seen visually also." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #935.
P. Foley of Kent, UK, using a 12" reflector, seeing=III-II, noticed that initially that the crater was pretty dull and that the floor was a slate blue-gray in colour at 22:45UT. A noticeable green spot inside the crater on the south east appeared at 22:25UT and vanished at 00:50UT. Cameron notes that one doesn't get green with spurious colour. Crater Extinction brightness measurements were made at 22:00 UT (reading=2.8) and at 23:45UT (reading=3.7). The crater dropped in brightness from 3.7 to 2.8 at 23:50UT and remained lower until 3.0 at 23:50-03:15 UT. A graph was produced and showed Proclus and Censorinus at similar brightnesses, but Aristarchus variable. The Earthshine was 0.3. Cameron 2006 Extension catalog ID=31 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Cobra Head 1967 Mar 23 UT 18:40-20:47 Observed by Sartory, Moore, Moseley (Farnham, England, 15" reflector (Sartory) seeing very poor & 10" refractor in Armagh, N. Ireland (Moore & Mosely) x360 - seeing Fair to Poor) "Red patch seen intermittently; moon-blink from 1916-2047h. Position agreed with Sartory who alerted them to Aris. area; checks on others were neg." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID 1020. Then Aristarchus 1967 Mar 23 UT 18:40-20:30, 21:30 by Marsh and Farrant (Cambridge, England, 8" reflector, x330). "Suspected colour on SW (ast.) wall. Farrant saw color in crater, completely independently, (inform. suggests same phenom. as seen by Moore & Moseley tho they said Cobra head). NASA Catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID # 1021. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1967 Mar 23 UTC 18:40-18:50 Observed by Sartory (Farnham, England, 15" reflector) "Heavy blink on inner S. wall. Moved toward N. at 1845, faded at 1850." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1019.
D. Darling of (Sun Praire, WI, USA, using a 12.5" reflector at x150, noticed a hint of red? colour on the south west rim of Aristarchus. Brightness measurements were normal for Aristarchus and Herodotus. No colour seen elsewhere e.g. Prom. LaPlace. The colour on Aristarchus had gone by 01:15UT. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=414 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
A fleeting faint reddish patch was seen in Gassendi at 21:15UT. This observation has an ALPO/BAA weight of 2.
Rays of(?) (in?) Herodotus 1955 Oct 28 UTC 18:30 Observed by Kozyrev (Crimea, Russia, 50" reflector, spectragraph) "Spectrum 3934A (K of Ca). 3964 (H of Ca) change in luminosity. 13% in H, 19% in K, 2% in H, 3% in K. in photo-line-depth method" NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #622. ALPO/BAA weight=5.
Mersenius 1975 Jun 21 UT 21:50-22:45 Observed by McConnell (Northern Ireland, 6" reflector) Moore? (Sussex, Enland, 15" reflector, 5" refractor, S=F), Reading (Rushden, England, ? 14" reflector) and Foley (Kent, England, 12" reflector, S=P) "McConnell saw an obscur. starting at 2150h which disappeared at 2245h. Moore(?) alreted, saw no anomaly in 15 in refl. & 5-in refr. under fair conditions from 2209-2228h. Reading reported neg. fr. 2250-2345h (after phenom.). Foley reported color in it but also a crater to S. of it & Aris., prob. due to seeing conditions." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID#1408. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1995 October 6 at UT 21:30 R. Lena (Rome, Italy - a UAI observer, 11.4cm reflector) saw 4 or 5 flashes from Herodotus crater. Light intensities (mag?) ranged from 9 to 8 and they were brighter through a red filter. There is no 2006 Cameron catalog entry for this observation - it has come from the UAI web site. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
1954 Aug 11 observed by Firsoff (Somerset, UK, 6.5" reflector, x200) "Brilliant in red filter, variable)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #570. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus-Herodotus 1971 Sep 02 UTC 20:00 Observed by Ayeau (Paris, France, 12" reflector, x100) "Brownish-red or maroon seen on Aris. W.wall ridge to Herod. on S.wall of Herodotus" NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #1311. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Ross D 1965 Apr 14 UT 06:03-06:22 Observed by Harris (Whittier?, CA?, USA, 19"? reflector) "Phenomenon description unavailable. Given at an ALPO meeting" NASA catalog weight=0 (very unreliable). NASA catalog ID #874.
On 1995 Oct 06/07 at UT 22:45-00:00 P. Mirteto (a UAI observer, RI, Italy, 20cm reflector) observed some brightness changes in Herodotus. Please note that this description is a summary of the material on the UAI web site. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1995 Oct 06/07 at UT 23:05-00:00 P. Mirteto (a UAI observer, RI, Italy, 20cm reflector) observed some brightness changes in Prinz. Please note that this description is a summary of the material on the UAI web site. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1988 Sep 23 at 19:40-19:55 & 20:36-20:41 G. North (760mm Coude Rrefractor, x250, Royal Grenwwich Observatory, Herstmonceux, UK, seeing V, Transparency: Fair). 19:40-19:55 image very unsteady. All seems normal in other crtaters with the exception of Arcimedes. Much of the rim seems indistinct apart from a 1/4 length of the west rim. Strongly suspected that this was due to a combination of seeing and illumination. UT 20:02-20:06 - checked the area with a lower magnification 10" Astrographic Refractor - the crater seems more normal, so suggesting that the theory was correct. 20:36-20:41 returned to the 30" reflector, and the crater appeared similar to the start of the session. This is almost certainly not a TLP, but it would be helpful to have some images or sketches to check this theory out. Weight=1.
On 1987 Mar 13 at UT02:00-03:00 De Groof (Belgium, 8" reflector x150, seeing=clear) noted that the north west part of Aristarchus had a blood red shimmering filling the whole crater. A video by Mobberley some 18 hours later, shows variation in Aristarchus. Cameron 2006 catalog ID= 301 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1977 May 30 at 21:04-02:13UT J.H.-Robinson noted a loss of detail inside Gassendi, however he did not regard this as a TLP. The effect was also seen by P.W. Foley. Cameron 2006 extension catalog TLP ID=16 and weight=0 ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1964 Jan 27 at 21:00? Scarfe (UK) obtained spactra showing luminescence? The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=797 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Manilius 1968 Nov 04 UT 00:15-00:30 Observed by Jean et al. (Montreal, Canada, 4" refractor, 6" reflector) "Extremeley bright flash on Men. & Man. each." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1101.
Menelaus 1968 Nov 04 UT 00:15-00:30 Observed by Jean et al. (Montreal, Canada, 4" refractor, 6" reflector) "Extremeley bright flash on Men. & Man. each." NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1101.
On 2009 Jan 09 at UT 20:00 P. Brierley (UK) took a CCD image of the Aristarchus area - P.Grego upon examining this comments that he thinks that Schiaparelli crater looked "muted in brightness -- it is normally quite bright to look at". Though Grego comments that it might have something to do with the image processing aplied to the image. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
1982 Mar 08 Daniell UT 22:49-22:57 P.Madej (Hudersfield, UK) - A colour and brightness anomaly was seen a TLP alert was put out. Cameron 2006 catalog extension weight=165 and weight=3. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Alphonsus 1966 May 03 UTC 21:30 Observed by Smith (England, 10" reflector) and Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector, Moonblink) "Reddish patches. Not confirmed by Corralitos MB (but in their report they give the feature as Gassendi)." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #936. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1987 Mar 13 at UT 20:52 M. Mobberley (Suffolk, UK, S=VG) obtained some video that shows variation in Aristarchus crater e.g. ä visual oddity in the SE corner" (Foley was interpreting the video). H.Hatfield took some film of the TLP (Unstudied yet). The Cameron 2006 catalog ID= 301 and the weight=5.
On 1987 Mar 13 at UT 20:52 M. Mobberley (Sussex, UK) found that Mons Pico varied in its north east section. This was recorded on video tape. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=301 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1975 Oct 18 UTC 20:00? Observed by Foley (Kent, England, 12" reflector) "Deep blue-viol. spot in NW (IAU?) interior corner." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1415.
Godin UT 02:15-03:05 Observed by Porter (Narragansett, Rhode Island, USA, 6" refletor, 45, 90x, S=P?, T=2) "Albedo change in some pts. yellow-orange color on rim. Wondered if it were atmos. LTP albedo= 7,7,7,6.5. Normal albedos=7,7.5,6.5,6.5 for same pts. Nearby plain albedos =6. LTP from 0250-0300h. Intensity normal at first;pts in W. decreased & N.pt increased. No difference in intensity in red filter till suddenly it jumped out & became vis. above the high background albedo. Sketch. He thinks it was atm. seeing" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #1370.
Aristarchus and Herodotus UT 20:00? Observed by Areau (Paris, France, 12" reflector x100) "Maroon color covering the ridge(?) E (ast. ?) & the ridge(?) S. of Herod. In 3 or 5 secs. Cloud disappeared after 10 min." NASA catalog weight=3 (average) NASA catalog ID #1312.
On 1973 Dec 8 UT18:15-18:20 R.Billington (UK, 2" refractor) reported that ristarchus was orange. However 15 minutes earlier, another observer, Livesey made a sketch and did not report any colour. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1979 Aug 06 at 22:24-22:54 P.Madej (Hudersfield, UK, 6" reflector. Purple Wratten 35, and Yellow Wratten 15 filters used) Orange glow seen (at x73) on west side of crater, near the central peak. The central peak was coloured too at x110. At 22:32 (x75) the central peak was brighter than the rest of the area wrough the yellow filter. At 22:34UT at x73 everything looked OK through the purple filter. The TLP was still visible at 22:54. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Lichtenberg 1951 Jan 21 18:19.2-18:38.5 UT observed by Baum (Chester, England). Tiny red spot noticed initially and then faded. Location of spot 31.403N 66.167W. 20cm refractor x90-x100. Seeing fair-extremely good. NASA catalog assigns a weight of 3. NASA TLP ID No. # 542. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Schroter's Valley 1955 Jul 03 UT 22:00 Observed by Firsoff (Somerset, England, 6.5" reflector x200) "Drawing contains a star-like pt. at N. part of valley." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #597. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Schickard 1940 May 20 UT 20:00 Observed by Moore (England, 12?" eflector) "Fog on floor -- milky appearance, less pronounced than on 8/2/39 (see #456)." NASA catalog ID #465. NASA catalog weight=4. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Plato 1971 Jan 10 UTC 20:17-20:42 Observed by Taylor (Slough, England, 8.5" reflector) "Blink (dark gray to black), 13x3km diam. on E. wall & floor in indentation in wall. Smaller by 2028 h. gone at 2035h. Reappeared at 2028h & gone completely at 2042h)." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1282.
Gassendi 1973 Dec 08 UT 20:20-20:22 observed by J-H Robinson (Devon, UK, seeing dair to poor). Suspected blink detected - might have been due to atmospheric condtions?. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Mare Humboldtianum 1951 Jan 21 20:47-22:00 UT observed by Baum (Chester, England). The appearance of some mountains on the limb appeared to change over time, with some mistiness. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Madler 1940 Aug 17 UTC 06:45 (Cameron gives 07:30 but Haas says this is wrong) Observed by Haas (New Mexico?, USA, 12" reflector?) "Bright spot on S. rim had I=5.9 on this date but 6.8 on Sep. 16, when observ. cond. were similar (see #473)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #470. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
The area west of Helicon not visible despite the area being fairly bright at Full Moon time. This area was a very bright patch one night. Cameron notes: comensurability of Full Moon & Perigee. Cameron 2006 catalog extension ID=64 and weight=3. Seeing=7 and transparency=4. 2.4" refractor used. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Moretus? 1871 Dec 25 UTC 22:00? Observed by Webb? (England?, 9" reflector?) "Internal twilight in crater #132- a large circular crater nr. S.pole (crater #132 on Goodacre's map is Plato. Webb's map?)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #173.
Aristarchus 1968 Mar 14 UT 01:32-02:06 Observed by Olivarez, Maley, Etheridge (Edinburgh, TX, USA, 17" reflector, x125 + Moon Blink) and Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector, Moon Blink) "S=5 (F-G) for the TX observations. "Trident Moon Blink on S. wall creet & c.p. & white spots in crater. No color seen vis. Blink not seen earlier or later. Other craters blinked some but not as strongly. Only Aris. areas blinked when Moon blink was moved around. Observers consider blinks real. Alt. of moon was 50 deg. Drawings. Corralitos say they did not confirm, but they rep't Copernicus, not Aris." NASA catalog weight=5 (very high). NASA catalog ID #1062.
On 2009 Sep 03 at UT23:15-23:17 B.Gibbs took some hand held digital SLR images of the Moon (Sky conditions clear). Four images were taken at: 23:14:53, 23:15:59, 23:16:05 and 23:17:23 (uncertainty +/-15 sec offset from actual UT). These showed some apparent variation in the brightness of Aristarchus. However there are ways toexplain this through image motion blur when the images were taken. However we cannot be absoultely sure. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1961 Jun 27/28 23:00?-01:00? Observed by Granger & Ring (Italy). "Enhancement of Spectrum in UV at CaII similar to May obs." NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #741. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Enhancement of spectrum in UV and CaI recorded on photoelectric spectrometer scans by Grainger and Ring in Italy. Effect seen on Aristarchus and a ray near Bessel (approx 17E, 22N). Cameron 1978 catalog ID=740 and weight=5. ALPO weight=3.
On 1964 May 26 UT 04:10-04:35 Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, S=5, T=5). observed that Aristarchus had a strong blue-violet glow on the east wall and EWBS, with a strong violet tinge on the nimbus. Crater was hazy, could not focus it in red, green or blue light. The Cameron 1978 catalog ID= and weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Proclus 1955 Aug 03 UTC 04:13-04:40 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector, x180, S=5, T=5) "Floor blackish 2 intensity but in green filter assumed a distinctly mottled or flocculent appearance -- seen only in green. Neither blue nor red had any effect, but on previous eve. green light had not produced such an appearance." NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #602. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus 1976 Jun 12 UT 05:21 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore. MD. USA, 4.5" reflector, 40-225x, S=5, T=3, "Deep viol. tinge in N. 1/2 of nimbus. Faint blue-viol. radiance (gas ?) on E. - NE wall along crest. No color elsewhere, nor on plateau m." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1435.
On 1984 Dec 07 at UT 19:30-23:30 M. Mobberley (St Edmunds, UK, seeing=IV-V, transparency=good, spurious colour seen) found 2 bright pathces on the east rim on alternate sides of a bright region. The band from the central 16km wide region was dark on the east side. Foley (Kent, UK, 12"reflector, seeing=II-III) found Aristarchus to be not as bright as normal, apart from the band that Mobberley found (1 hour later). The dark regions were a murky green colour (bright through green, blue and yellow filters and dark through red and orange filters). Cook (Frimley, UK, transparency=excellent, CCD camera used) found a bright "bulge"on the eastern side. Apparently data suggests that the band was brighter in red than in near IR light. Cook's calibrated brightness measurements suggest that there was no change in brightness over the crater with time. Two other bright points were seen: one at the Cobra's Head and another half way between the east rim of Aristarchus and passes Herodotus. Wratten 29 (deep red), Wratten 87 (near IR) and combined Wratten 29 and Wratten 87 were used. In the red Wratten 29 filter the brightness falls at22:20 at Shroters valley and then rises in the bright ray. They return to normal at 22:30UT. There was however a lot of measurement noise from the brightness readings of points B and D. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=256 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
F. Graham took some photos of the Cobras Head and found a blue cloud about 50 km in diameter and scattering light - Cameron says that this indicates high density. Darling found the Cobra's Head obscure and variable "clear and bright to diffused". Cameron was alerted observed (02:40UT) variations with periods of approximately 30 seconds, and thought that she could see a red tinge on the east rim of Aristarchus - checks elsewhere found no other colours. Darling found that a blue filter enhanced the effect and a red filter made it disappear. There was a blink at 02:55UT but no blink in the Cobra's Head, which looked fuzzy and lacking in detail. The effect was confirmed by Weier, who also saw two dark spots in the Cobra Head in blue but not in red light. The brightness of the Cobras Head was 6.0, Herodotus floor 5.5, NW wall 7.5, South wall, 7.0, Aristarchus south wall 9.0, west wall 9.0, south wall 7.0, East wall 8.0, and the central peak 10.0. Observer details were as follows: Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x159, S=9/10). D. Weier (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, x159, S= 9/10), W. Cameron (Sedona, AZ, USA, 8" reflector x110 and x220, T=6 and S=6) F. Graham (E.Pittsburgh, PA, USA, 7" refractor, thin haze). Cameron 2006 catalog ID=415 and weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 2000 Jun 15 UT 20:37 C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 60mm refractor, x117 & x40, seeing good, transparency excellent) observed abright spot on the north rim of Mare Crisium (57E, 25N). It was comparable to the illuminated rim of Proclus in brightness. No colour seen. The spot was not visible the next night. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Archimedes 1940 Aug 18 UT 03:25 Observed by Haas (NM?, USA, 12" reflector?) NE outer wall had I=5.0, but was I=2.5 on June 20 (see #467) (similar colong.)" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #471. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Proclus 1972 Nov 20 UT 20:20 Observed by Farrant (Cambridge, England, 8.5" reflector, x178) "Dark patch in crater. Disappeared by next nite. The normal ring seemed thickened. On Dec. 7. the crater appeared bright. Drawings. (prob. real LTP, nr. FM)" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1350.
Gassendi 1966 Dec 27 UTC 06:30-07:05 Observed by Kelsey (Riverside, CA, USA, 6" reflector?) "Very faint blink on SW (ast. ?) floor & on another N. of it on NW floor. Obs. considers obs. very suspect" NASA catalog weight=1 (very poor). NASA catalog ID #1006.
Aristarchus 1973 Feb 15 UTC 17:07-19:31 Observed by Theiss (located at 51N 5.67E) "area 4-5 diameters of Aristarchus were coloured clearly yellow-red" 120mm reflector used. Ref Hilbrecht & Kuveler (1984) Moon and Planets Vol 30 p53-61. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1967 Nov 17 UTC 18:36-18:50 Observed by Moore, Moseley (Armagh, Northern Ireland, 10" refractor x260) "Faint blink under SW wall. Nothing seen vis. Gone by 1839h. Reappeared at 1841, then gone by 1850h. Checks till 0200h were neg. Obs. dubious of reality of phen." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #1054. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1958 Aug 30 UT 06:30-06:45 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 4" reflector, x240, S=6, T=5) "Proc. Q. a bright spot on NE rim apparently a crater presented a very abnormal aspect. Extraordinarily large & at least 9 deg bright -- like EWBS on Aris. This spot is subject to large unexplained variations. At 97 deg col. in July, Q was also 9 deg bright but very small. At col.96 deg, 5 in May '58, col.99deg in Feb.'50, & 96 deg in Nov. '55 it was not seen at all. Assoc. with tonite was a distinct blue glare on NE rim, extending for short dist. & @ 2x as far as S." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #894.
Aristarchus 1970 Jan 23 UT 07:00? Observed by Thomas, Rogers, Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector, Moon blink) "Bluing around the crater -- vis. in monitor but not photographed due to clouds" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1233
W.Humboldt 1897 Dec 09 UTC 23:00? Observed by Goodacre (Crouch End, England, 12" reflector) "Shadow anomaly. Chocolate penumbral shade edging black shadow on E. wall." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #296.
Cobra Head 1955 Oct 31 UTC 19:00 Observed by Milligan (England?) "Dark blue obscuration" NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID 624.
On 1983 Jan 29/30 at UT20:35-01:00 Sykes (UK?) observed that Linne appeared to brighten for approximately 20 min and had the appearance of a point (confirmed). This observation was made during a major Torricelli B TLP. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=198 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Torricelli B 1983 Jan 29/30 UTC 20:35-02:30 Observed by Foley (12" reflector, seeing Antoniadi II, Transparency=good, no spurious colour seen), Moberley (14" reflector, seeing Antoniadi II, transparency excellent, spurious colour strong), Cook, J & M (12" reflector, seeing Antoniadi II-III, transparency moderate). All observers based in southern England. "Initially crater brightest feature on the Moon, then it faded. Strong colour also seen by all observers e.g. green-blue to violet. Report of observations written up in JBAA Vol 100, No. 3, p117 123, (2000) - probably one of the best reorted TLP". The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=198 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=5.
On 1983 Jan 29 at UT22:09 M.Mobberley (Sulfolk, UK, 14" reflector) noted that Arago B had a slight tinge of violet colour, and was a lot less (bright?) than Torricelli B's blueness. Other craters checked but were not showing any blue colour. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=198 and weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1983 Jan 29 at UT22:09 M. Mobberley (Suffolk, UK), found that Moltke crater was "exceptionally bright". Other craters (apart from Arago B Torricelli B etc) appeared normal. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=198 and the weight=5. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 May 28 at UT 01:50-03:00 K. Marshall (Medellin, Columbia) observed the whole region of Aristarchus, Herodotus and Shroter's Valley all to have a brightness of 3 and all blue and impossible to focus on (he had never seen it like this before). Also the interior of Aristarchus was invisible. Brightness measurement taken and a sketch was made. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=222 and the weight=3. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Proclus 1972 Nov 21 UT 21:30 Observed by Farrant (Cambridge, England, 8.5" reflector, x130) "Thickened bright ring remained, but the dark patch had disappeared. (dark patch prob. real temporary phenom. as it was seen nr. FM when contrasts are strongest, yet disappeared" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1351.
On 1978 Apr 23 at UT20:35 (Rawlings, UK, finderscope, x50) observed a bright flash (~0.3 sec duration) near to Copernicus (20W, 9N) with rays to the south east whilst he looked through a finder scope. Moore, who studied the drawing, suggests that the area of the flash was near Copernicus. However Cameron says this cannot be the case if the flash was in darkness as mentioned in the BAA Lunar Section circular. She comments that it might have been a meteor? The Cameron 2005 catalog ID=28 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1955 Nov 01 UTC 02:50-03:05 Observed by Bartlett (Baltimore, MD, USA, 3.5" reflector x100, S=6, T=5) "Proc. D normally 5 deg bright was vis. tonite only in blue light, whereas usually is vis. in integrated light. However at col. 110.5 deg it was a dark spot (see # 816) C.p. tonite was normal 5 deg bright but in Oct. lun. was dark". NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #625. Note Proclus D does not refer to the crater Proclus D as defined by the IAU, but probably to a spot inside the crater that Bartlett designated D!
Littrow 1915 Jan 31 UTC 22:00? Observer: unknown (England?) "6 to 7 spots arranged like a gamma first seen on this nite. (Kuiper atlas. Rect. 14-c shows spots in form of a 7 or a cap. gamma backwards, but not l.c. gamma)". NASA catalog weight=0 (almost certainly not a TLP). NASA catalog ID #349. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Conspicuous bright spot seen on 6th. Also seen on 7th, absent on 8th. Cloud-like effect where light had been (on 8th). Cameron 1978 catalog TLP ID No.=139 and weight=3.
Aristarchus 1970 Jan 24 UT 07:00? Observed by Thomas, Rogers, Corralitos Observatory (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector, Moon blink) "Bluing around the crater -- vis. in monitor but not photographe due to clouds" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #1233
LaLande 1973 Jul 17 UT 03:30-03:45 Observed by Galgoey (Washington, NJ, USA, 2" refractor x46, x117), S=VG, T=5) "Star-like pt., variations, 1- 2s, seen only at 40x, not at higher powers. LTP albedo =10, normal=8, nearby plain =6 (geom, instrum. & atm. & refl. material at site effects?)" NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #1371.
(Baltimore, MD, USA, 5" reflector x180) "Strong violet glare on E. rim, changing to brown. At 0220 dark viol. in nimbus, at 0235 viol. changed to brown. At 0255 viol. suddenly reappeared, but faded to invis. at 0300. Again at 0308 reapp. Only time he ever saw such color changes." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID 583. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Gassendi 1940 Aug 20 UT 03:25 Observed by Haas (NM?, USA, 12" reflector?) "Largest bright spot on SE pt. of floor had I=8.6 (real changes? see @ '#649, 474, & 475, all similar change)." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #472. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
1824 Dec 08 UTC 00:00? Observed by Gruithuisen (Munich, Germany) "Bright fleck in SE part of crater" NASA catalog weight=4 (good). NASA catalog ID #104. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Aristarchus 1947 Nov 30 UTC 00:00? Observed by Favarger (France?) "3 bright points on inner w. slopes." NASA catalog weight=2. NASA catalog ID #499. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1983 Jan 30 at UT 23:45 Chapman (England, UK) observed that Censorinus was low in brightness. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=199 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1983 Jan 30 at UT 23:45 P.W. Foley (Kent, UK, 12" reflector) measured that the brightness of the region around Toricelli B was 2.3 (high) and there was a slight blue colour. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID= 199 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Herodotus 1972 Jul 27 UT 2250-2350 M.Brown (Hutington, UK) thought that he saw a pseudo peak in the centre of Herodotus. He could not decide if it was real or an optical illusion. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1870 Feb 18 UTC 00:00? Observed by Gledhill (Halifax, England, 9" refractor) "Illum. of another group of craters different from group in Aug. & Sep. obs. (date is F18 if phase is similar to Ap 1870) NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #164.
On 1990 Aug 08 at OT 07:47-09:00 UT D. Louderback (South Bend, WA, USA, 3" refractor, x173) "(SS) Piton's all pts were << but nearby plain was normal. Ridges at 5.3 at B, C, D but 3 alb at B, C, D (norm = 7) but bearby plain was normal. At A 3, was hazy but ill defined. Parts of mt brightened but others didn't. Times between brightening were 6-8s. Similar to seeing fluctuations. In red mt stayed dull & steady. In blue it blinked." - this is a direct quote from the Cameron 2006 catalog because it is very difficult to summarize. Louderback comments that the TLP was still going on at 09:00UT. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=406 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1990 Aug 08 at UT 07:47-09:00 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3" refractor, x173) reported the following TLP in Promontorium Agarum (Cape Agarum): "W flank of CA >>, even> Proc. interior." The cameron 2006 catalog ID=406 and the weight=4. The ALPO/BAA weight=3.