On 1901? Nov 25/25 at 23:00UT Besanceas (France?) observed: "During lun. ecl. (mid-ecl. at 0118 on 26th) a bright area seen on moon. Another(?) obser. saw an obj. like a fiery comet leave the moon! (Date given by Midllehurst was 1900 but must be wrong-not FM then. FM in 1900 but no ecl. Partial ecl. on 10/27/01 at 0315. Ref. by M is wrong = 157)". The Cameron 1978 catalog ID=310 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Aristarchus 1970 Apr 23 UTC 07:00 Observed by Thomas
Aristarchus 1970 Apr 24 UTC 07:00 Observed by Thomas
On 2009 Jun 11 at UT01:00-01:15 C. Brook (Plymouth, UK, 2" refractor, x25, seeing excellent and no cloud or haze) obsrved fluctuations in the brightness of Aristarchus crater. No brightness fluctuations were seen elsewhere. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Posidonius 1849 Feb 11 UT 02:00? Observed by Schmidt (Athens, Greece, 7" refractor) "Bright little crater in it was shadowless. Schroter saw repeated changes in it & others & once saw this crater's shadow replaced by a gray veil. Gruithuisen saw the same thing as Schroter in 1821." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #128. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
1886 Oct 16 UTC 22:00 Observed by Lihou (France?) "Unusual phenomena ? (drawing)" Ref Sirius, Vol 20, 45 p69 (1887). NASA catalog weight=1 (very low). NASA catalog ID #252. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Copernicus 1955 May 12 UTC 03:40 Observed by Firsoff (Somerset, UK, 6.5" reflector x70) "Pico was invis. in violet filter. Copernicus was bright in it." NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #591.
Mt Pico 1955 May 12 UTC 03:40 Observed by Firsoff (Somerset, UK, 6.5" reflector x70) "Pico was invis. in violet filter. Copernicus was bright in it." NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #591. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Aristarchus-Herodotus 1967 May 29 UT 06:40-07:25 Observed by Anderson (Manchester, N.Hampshire, 10" reflector, x212, S=G, T=E) "After timing sunset on Theophilus & Cyrillus turned to Aris.-Herod. At 0640 saw red- brown color centered at ?=.685, eta=+.390. Glow strongest at largest area at 0640. Decreased in area but not in intensity to 1/2 its size at 0648. At 0650 color gone. Seen again at 0658 but not so pronounced. Faded out at 0700, obs. terminated at 0725. (Haas thinks it might have been atm. dispersion at such low alt. of 12-17 deg)." NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID #1038. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Alphonsus 1959 Oct 23 UT 02:10-02:35 Observed by Kozyrev (Crimea, Soviet Union, 50" reflector) "Red glows, emiss. spect. got C2, C3 (Moore obs. 0100-0300 & saw nothing unusual in an 8.5" reflector)" NASA catalog ID=723. NASA catalog weight=5. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
1965 Oct 16 UTC 08:05-10:00 Observed by McLarin (Huntsville, AL, 20" reflector), Bates, Hall (Prt. Tobacco, MD, 16" reflector), Hardie (Nashville, TE, 30" reflector) "Color flashing pulsations intermittently detected by Trident MB device in Huntsville but not seen in Md, or vis. by Hardie when alerted. Pulsations in Cassini different from atmosphere" NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #906.
On 1994 Apr 03 at 11:23UT D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA) noticed that Copernicus crater had a red spot on the west wall (found using Moon Blink filters Wratten 29 and Wratten 38). The ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Copernicus 1955 May 15 UTC 03:30 Observed by Firsoff (Somerset, UK, 6.5" reflector x70) "Almost as bright in violet filter as Aristarchus" NASA catalog weight=4. NASA catalog ID #592.
Aristarchus 1965 Oct 18 UTC 07:30-07:36 Observed by George, Dervas (Huntsville, Alabama, 20" reflector x125) "Color with intermittent displays, detected with Trident MB device. Observers dubious. NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog ID #907.
On 2009 Jun 16 at UT 03:20-03:40 P. Morgan (UK, 30.5cm reflector, x400, seeing=6/10 and transparency=5/5) observed a large diffuse ashen-like effect over the shadow filled floor of Plato. The effect was lighter towards the south. Observer checked the effect with both left and right eyes and it remained the same. Unusually no shadow spires from rim moutain peaks were seen. A check for colour in the region effected revealed none. As time progressed, terrestrial twilight encroached. A sketch was made. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1788 May 01 at UT 01:00? Schroter (Lilienthal, Germany, reflector used) observed a small depression near Aristarchus, 1, that had a strong glimmer. The Cameron 1978 catalog weight=4 and ID=45. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1981 Jan 09 at UT 00:30-00:45 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, seeing=8/10, transparency clear, but Moon low at 7 deg above the horizon) found that despite Aristarchus being seen to be bright in Earthshine, it was not as bright as Menelaus and Manilius. Cameron 2006 catalog ID=121 and weight=1. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1981 Jan 09 at UT 00:30-00:45 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, seeing=8/10 and the sky was clear - the Moon was at 7deg altitude though) saw that Manilius outshone Aristarchus - or was it that Aristarchus was especially faint tonight? Manilius could be seen even when the illuminated part of the Moon was in the eyepiece. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=121 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1981 Jan 09 at UT 00:30-00:45 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 12.5" reflector, seeing=8/10 and the sky was clear - the Moon was at 7 deg altitude though) saw that Menelaus outshone Aristarchus - or was it that Aristarchus was especially faint tonight? Menelaus could be seen even when the illuminated part of the Moon was in the eyepiece. The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=121 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
McClure vicinity 1976 Apr 04 UT 19:36-2009 Observed by McKay (England, 3" refractor, x160), Savill (England, 10x50 binoculars), Moore (Sussex, England, 15" reflector, x360, seeing II), Buss (England, 6" reflector), Brady (England, 8" reflector), Ross (England), Foley (Kent, England, 12" reflector) "Noted a fuzzy, glowing spot at 1936h at 160x. 2 min later, spot grew larger & flashed up to very bright. Changed power to 106x, & 80x, still vis. Spot faded 10 m later, then suddenly flashed up again. 5 m later it faded again & disappeared at 1959h. At 2006h returned to fuzzy, glowing spot then disappeared at 2009h, never to reappear. Some obs. confirmed, others did not. Photos afterward don't show anything, nor did blink aftwerward." Moore though nothing unusual. NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID # 1431. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1994 Apr 17 at UT02:00 R. Zit (Madison, WI, USA) whilst observing a grazing lunar occultation, found that Aristarchus (and the surrounding region) was glowing in Earthshine. This was confirmed by D. Weier (Madison, WI, USA) at 02:00 UT also. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 2012 May 26 UT21:21 J. Moeller (Syracuse, NY, USA, using a Konica Minolta DIMAGE Z5 digital camera, f/7.1, 1/250 sec exposure, ISO-50, 69mm focal length, digital zoom x3) captured a hand held image of the Moon in daylight. On the SW limb of the dark side of the Moon a bright spot can be seen. This has a brightness comparable to that of Mare Serenitatis. There is also a fainter dark blurred marking further inside the dark side. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Proclus 1877 May 27 UTC 20:00? Observed by Barrett (England?) described in NASA catalog as: "Brilliant illum. -- not from sun". NASA catalog weight=2 (low). NASA catalog event ID=#188.
Alphonsus 1931 Apr 25 UT 18:00 Observed by Vasilev (Russia) "The triang. dark spot close to the w.bank was not vis. after SR & appeared along the length of the term. , 8-9 deg" NASA catalog weight=1. NASA catalog ID #401. ALPO/BAA weight=1
On 1975 May 18 at UT2115-2145 C. Lord (St Annes-on-sea, Lancashire, UK, 76mm f/16 refractor, x170, Wratten 25, and 44a Moon blink filters used, Transparency 4.5/5, no wind, S=F). The west flank of Maginus, and the interior, appeared to be partly obscured. No other features in a similar position along the terminator were obscured. No colour blink was detected with the filters, though a pronounced red/white light blink was noted; the device employed a N.D. x4 filter. By 21:45UT the floor was no longer obscured and only Magninus G was masked in a white haze; however immediately adjacent to the terminator was an ill defined misty patch lying where the outer flank of maginus would have been visible. The rest of the terminator was sharp. The obscuration was only seen to advantage in blue and int. light, and the blue/int blink was only very slight. Findlay and McDonnell observed 21:30-23:00 using a 25cm refractor (Seeing II- III) but failed to see anything unsual. NASA catalog weight=3. NASA catalog ID #1407. ALPO/BAA weight=2.
Vallis Alpes 1983 Jun 18 UT 22:01-22:23 P.Madej (Huddersfield, UK, 77mm refractor, x83,x250, seeing II-III, transparency fair). After studying the whole length of this valley, the observer saw a change in "albedo" and a small change in colour of the valley floor near to the Plato end. This colour was not seen in a yellow Wratten 15 filter but was noted in a purple Wratten 35 filter, and was strong in a red filter. Also the crater Trouvelot was not seen at x250 with a x2 Barlow.Wratten 25. ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Daniell 1983 Jun 18 UT 22:06-22:25) P.Madej (Huddersfield, UK, 77mm refractor, x83,x166, seeing II-III, transparency fair). Noted on the inside W eall a faint red rose like glow (with a diameter? about it). The red glow varied in brightness with a period of about 2 minutes. It looked somewhat brighter at x166. The glow was still visible when the observation ended at 22:15 ALPO/BAA weight=1.
SW of Pico 1844 Apr 25 UT 20:00? Observed by Schmidt (Athens, Greece, ? refractor) "A bluish glimmering patch of light not quite within the dark side" NASA catalog weight=4 (high). NASA catalog ID #123. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
Alphonsus 1966 May 28 UT 23:00-01:00 Observed by Smith (England, 10" reflector) Birney (VA?, USA, 8" refactor + Moonblink) Corralitos Obs. (NM, USA, 24" reflector + Moonblink) "Red patches (Smith), Trident Moon Blink device suspected(?? log)earlier at 22:40. Birney observed at 2300-0100?, and gave indep. confirm? Corralitos did not confirm MB (however they report Gassendi-- misident. ?)" NASA catalog weight=5. NASA catalog ID #938. ALPO/BAA weight=4.
On 1992 Jun 09 at UT 18:52 G. Kolovos, Thessaloniki, 40.63111N, 22.9597W, height 28m, Greece) photographed two blue spots on the terminator region of the Moon in one of a series of Ektachrome film pictures. The rest of the Moon was a white-yellow colour. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1952 Jul 31 at UT 03:45-05:30 J.Carle (USA) and J. Supinger (USA, 6" reflector) observed the floor of Plato was almost blank, only two spots could be seen, despite other areas having plenty of detail. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
On 1974 Jan 03 at UT 18:30 a Norwegian amateur astronomer, (Hoydalsvik (Hakonsgate, in West Norway, 60mm refractor) photographed the Moon using High Speed Ektacrome (400ASA) film with good focus. The TLP was located on the southern slope of Sasserides H and was pink in colour with some buish in it. The coloured area was circular with a diameter of 0.5 minutes of arc. Only one exposure was taken. The photograph was checked by the Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo. This report was received by the BAA Lunar Section.
Tycho 1998 Feb 06 UT 22:48-22:54 R. Braga (Corsica (MI), Italy, 102mm f8.8 refractor, x180, with diagonal, Wratten 23A, 80A and an OR5 filter, seeing II, Transparency good). Observer noticed that the floor darkened towards the NW (IAU), particularly with the blue Wratten 80A filter. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
127mm f/12 GoTo scope, x62-x154, seeing: best and transparency= 6) observed that an unoficially named mountain (Lambert Gamma or Mons Undest), near Lambert, had a "very strong glow", especially the part that was facing the line of the terminator and this was brighter than the side facing away. The No other object nearby was casting as much light, even Mons La Hire. The effect was seen for 40 minutes and the glow was present throughout. The ALPO/BAA weight=2.
On 1989 Feb 16 at UT02:46-03:01 D. Darling (Sun Praire, WI, USA, 3" refractor, x140, seeing=6/10) found that the brightness of the rim of Proclus was 9.0 (normal?). The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=354 and the weight=0. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Gassendi 1967 Oct 13 UTC 19:17-20:00 Observers: Henshaw (Mansfield, UK, 8.5" reflector x112) and Corralitos Observator (Organ Pass, NM, USA, 24" reflector) "Phenomenon (brightening ?) nr. NW (ast. ?) lasting for 3s. Cont'd for 45m but nothing else unusual, (nr. Gass or in it?). Corralitos MB did not confirm." NASA catalog weight=3 (average). NASA catalog ID #1050.
Herodotus 1966 Nov 24 UT 21:50 H.Hill (UK, 7.25" reflector, x240), seeing 4-6/10, transparancy 4/5) sketched a central white diffuse patch inside the floor of the crater, with a size of about 1/7th the diameter of the crater. The eastern edge of the white patch was encroached by the shadow of the eastern rim. ALPO/BAA weight=3.
On 1982 Aug 02 at UT 22:59-23:10 M.Price (Frimley, Surrey, UK, seeing=II-III) found that the north point of this mountain appeared poorly defined and merged into the surroundings - however suspected that this might be normal for this colongitude? The Cameron 2006 catalog ID=179 and weight=1. The ALPO/BAA weight=1.
Plato 1967 Apr 24 UT 02:50 K.Simmons (Jacksonville, FL, USA, 10" reflector) observed a large bright (intensity 6.5) oval area on near the central floor. According to Ricker and Kelsey (ALPO selected area coordinators) this is unusual. ALPO/BAA weight=1.